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Publication numberWO2016007085 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberPCT/SG2014/000329
Publication date14 Jan 2016
Filing date10 Jul 2014
Priority date10 Jul 2014
Also published asCN105407831A
Publication numberPCT/2014/329, PCT/SG/14/000329, PCT/SG/14/00329, PCT/SG/2014/000329, PCT/SG/2014/00329, PCT/SG14/000329, PCT/SG14/00329, PCT/SG14000329, PCT/SG1400329, PCT/SG2014/000329, PCT/SG2014/00329, PCT/SG2014000329, PCT/SG201400329, WO 2016/007085 A1, WO 2016007085 A1, WO 2016007085A1, WO-A1-2016007085, WO2016/007085A1, WO2016007085 A1, WO2016007085A1
InventorsFung Ki WONG
ApplicantWisebrace Pte Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: Patentscope, Espacenet
Orthodontic aligners
WO 2016007085 A1
Abstract
An orthodontic aligner is formed by producing a virtual 3D model of the dentition of a patient, modifying the virtual model by enlarging the crown of the posterior teeth so that the dimensions of each tooth is slightly enlarged slightly and depressing the area immediately gingival to the most prominent part of the crown, 3D printing the modified virtual model to produce a physical model for the aligner and using the physical model for forming the aligner.
Claims  (OCR text may contain errors)
A method for forming an orthodontic aligner, which comprises producing a virtual 3D model of the dentition of a patient, modifying the virtual model by enlarging the crown of at least one of the posterior teeth on each side of the oral cavity so that the dimensions of each tooth is slightly enlarged and depressing the area immediately gingival to the most prominent part of the crown of the same teeth, 3-D printing the modified virtual model to produce a physical model for the aligner and using the physical model for forming the aligner.
A method according to claim 1 , wherein the virtual model is produced by intra-oral scanning, scanning of a dental impression or scanning a stone model.
A method according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the aligner is produced by vacuum forming a sheet of thermoplastics material.
A method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the thermoplastics material is a colourless and transparent material.
A method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the thermoplastics material is glycol-modified polyethylene terephthalate
An orthodontic aligner produced by the method claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5.
An orthodontic aligner having a first portion (7) which is larger than the crown (2) of the tooth (1), a second portion comprising an in-turned lip 8 that is a clip-fit on the tooth below the crown (2) and a third portion (9) that fits over the top region of the gingival surface (4).
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

ORTHODONTIC ALIGNERS

This invention relates to orthodontic aligners and, more particularly to a method for forming them. -

BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION

Orthodontic aligners have been known for many years as a means for straightening misaligned teeth and other disorders of the dentition and the oral cavity associated with the teeth that can be treated by changing the positioning of a patient's teeth.

The first forms of orthodontic aligners were somewhat crude and clumsy devices created from wires, springs and adjustment screws that were inserted in the mouth of a patient and attached to the teeth to apply force to misaligned teeth or other parts of the dentition to correct their position in the mouth. They were most usually used to correct conditions such as over- or under-bite and other dental anomalies that interfered with the eating process.

The early devices frequently were uncomfortable and unsightly and caused pain and embarrassment especially to young patients.

Many improvements have been made over the years and nowadays orthodontic aligners are usually made from acrylic or other plastics materials so that they are less visible and more comfortable to wear.

Problems still arise, however. Frequently retention means are required to ensure that the retainer remains in the correct position in the mouth of the patient and cannot be dislodged by such normal and necessary actions as chewing or tooth brushing.

Such retention methods include wire clasps attached to the aligner externally, for example by use of adhesives, or internally during the forming process, or attachment means cemented to the teeth. These methods are not totally reliable since the both require additional steps either in the manufacturing stage in the case of wire clasps or in the application stage for attachments means on the teeth. Further, wire clasps can be loosened or broken off and possibly swallowed by the patient. A further alternative retention method that has been used form the aligner to extend over the gingival area so that retention is achieved by the aligner digging into gingival surface possibly causing pain to the patient and trauma to the soft tissue.

All orthodontic aligners need to be removed for adjustment as the treatment process proceeds and the position of the teeth changes and this must be done manually. The prior methods of retention may make removal and insertion difficult for the patient.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention provides a novel form of orthodontic aligner that does not suffer from the problems associated with the prior art and a method for the manufacture of the new aligner.

According to the invention an orthodontic aligner is formed by producing a 3-D virtual model of the dentition of a patient, modifying the virtual model by enlarging the crown or coronal portion of at least some of the posterior teeth, i.e. the molars and premolars, and depressing the area immediately gingival to the most prominent part of the crown, 3-D printing the modified virtual model to produce a physical model for the aligner and using the physical model for forming the aligner.

The virtual model of the patient's dentition may be made, for example, by intra-oral scanning, scanning of a dental impression or scanning a stone model.

The aligner itself is preferably made by vacuum forming a sheet of thermoplastics material, preferably a sheet of polyethylene terephthalate glycol modified or another co-polyester, or other colourless and transparent material, using the modified physical model.

The finished aligner will follow the modified contours of the posterior teeth and, when introduced onto the patient's dental arch, the enlarged coronal portion will allow movement of the posterior teeth to fit fully into the aligner with a space between the teeth and the aligner. This space allows unobstructed flow of blood within the periodontal tissue. This blood flow is vital for the health of the teeth and the satisfactory progress of the orthodontic treatment. The depressed area allows the production of an in-turned lip on the inner surface of the aligner that allows the aligner to be a snap fit onto the posterior the teeth without coming into contact with or otherwise affecting the gums of the patient.

The amount of enlargement of the virtual image of the posterior teeth will depend on the size of the patient's teeth but may be as little as 0.2 mm.

The virtual image modification of the invention may be carried out one or more posterior teeth on each side of the oral cavity. The teeth involved need not necessarily be the same teeth or the same number of teeth on each side.

The invention will now be described in greater detail, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings of which

Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic perspective view of the supra- gingival portion of a posterior tooth;

Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view showing the shape of the virtual model before modification;

Fig. 3 is a diagrammatic view showing the shape of the virtual model after modification; and

Fig.4 is a section through the posterior teeth portion of the modified aligner produced using a mould produced using a mould according to the invention.

As shown in Fig. 1, the posterior teeth 1 of a human have an upper bulbous crown or corona 2 occupying approximately half of the part of the tooth exposed above the gingiva or gum 4 and a lower part 3 that tapers towards the root (not shown).

As shown in Fig. 2, in a first step of the process of the invention a 3-d virtual image of a patient's dentition is made. Only one tooth 1 is shown together with a portion of the gingiva 4.

As shown in Fig. 3, in the second step of the process the virtual image of the crown 2 is modified by slightly enlarging the boundary 5 of the image above the maximum dimension of the tooth indicated by line A-A and slightly depressing the boundary of the portion 3 below line A-A is to form an indentation 6.

As shown in Fig. 4, the aligner of the invention has a first portion 7 which is larger than the crown 2 of the tooth 1 , a second portion comprising an in-turned lip 8 that is a clip-fit on the tooth below the crown 2 and a third portion 9 that fits over the top region of the gingival surface 4.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
WO2006050452A2 *2 Nov 200511 May 2006Align Technology, Inc.Methods and apparatuses for manufacturing dental aligners
US6309215 *3 Dec 199930 Oct 2001Align Technology Inc.Attachment devices and method for a dental applicance
US7831322 *7 Mar 20059 Nov 2010Align Technology, Inc.Producing wrinkled dental aligner for dental treatment
US7942672 *15 Feb 200817 May 2011Align Technology, Inc.Gingiva modeling
US20040029068 *2 May 200312 Feb 2004Orametrix, Inc.Method and system for integrated orthodontic treatment planning using unified workstation
US20080182220 *31 Oct 200731 Jul 2008Align Technology, Inc.Computer automated development of an orthodontic treatment plan and appliance
Classifications
International ClassificationA61C13/00, A61C7/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61C9/0053, A61C13/0019, A61C7/08
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