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Publication numberUS401096 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date9 Apr 1889
Filing date3 May 1888
Publication numberUS 401096 A, US 401096A, US-A-401096, US401096 A, US401096A
InventorsHeater Foe Stoves
Original AssigneeSaid Altice and Reed
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 401096 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

(No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1.


No. 401,096. f PatentedApr'. 9, 1889.

(No Model.) l 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.


No. 401.096. y Patented Apr. 9, 1889.v

/9110 fzly' ag N. PETERS, Pnnmumngmher. washing. n.c.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 401,096, dated April 9, V1889.

Application led May 3, 1888. Serial No. 272,682. (No model.)

To all whom, it may concern.:

Be it known that we, SAMUEL H. ALTICE, HENRY P. ROBERTS, and CUNNINGHAM REED, citizens of the United States, residing at Jamestown, in the county of Chautauqua and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Heaters for Stoves and other Purposes, of which the following is a specification.

This invention has for its object to provide a novel apparatus for vaporizing crude oilssuch as petroleu m-an d burning the vapor for heating stoves and other purposes.

The object of our invention we accomplish in the manner and by the means hereinafter described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure is a sectional elevation of the apparatus, showing the stove to be heated in dotted lines; Fig. 2, a top plan view of the retort; and 3, aver-tical sectional view similar to Fig. 1, showing a modification.

In order to enable those skilled in the art to make and use our invention, we will now describe the same in detail, referring to the drawings, wherein- The numeral 1 indicates a hollow retort having a convex bottom and a fiat top wall through which extend a series of tubes, 2, constituting fines, which are open at the top and bottom.

The numeral 3 indicates an elevated crudeoil reservoir connected by pipes e and 5 with the interior of the retort to drop the oil upon Ithe bottom wall thereof. A needle or other valve, G, is provided in the pipe 5, to control the supply, and this oil-conducting pipe enters the top of the retort and extends to near the bottom thereof. A vapor-outlet tube, 7,

rises from the top of the retort an d by a curved elbow, S, connects with a vertical tube, 9, which descends through the central tubular ue of the retort to a suitable distance below the latter, where it is supplied with vaporburners 10. A valve, 11, is provided in the Vapor-conducting tube 9 to regulate the flow of vapor to the burners. A pan, 12, open at the front, is arranged in the stove 12 to be heated, and carries an annular air-chamber, 13, which rises up beside the burners for the purpose of supplying air thereto, and thus consuming smoke, so that a clearwhite liame is obtained. The upper portion of the airchamber 18 is provided with. an annular trough, 14, located around the burners, to contain oil for heating the retort in starting the apparatus. l

In operation the crude oil falls upon the bottom of the hot retort and is converted into vapor, which rises in the gas-outlet tube 7, and thence passes down the vapor-tube 9 to the gas-burners 10. The flame from the burners heats the stove 12, and likewise heats the vapor-tube O, and by passing up through the tubular fines 2 the retort is maintained at a very high temperature, this being necessary in order to obtain pure vapor from crude oil, such as petroleum. As the oil-conducting pipe 5 discharges the oil directly upon the highly-heated bottom wall of t-he retort, the tar that usually comes from crude oil is consumed, and the vapor thereby made clear and practically free from ammonia.

In our apparatus it is not possible to supply air through the same tube that conducts the vapor to the burners, and for this reason we locate the open pan 12 in the stove, as before explained, this open pan supplying the airchamber 13 with the air which delivers it about the burners to consume the smoke and provide a'white flame. The bottom of the retort is conveXand overhangs the burners, so that portions of the flames are spread laterally, while other portions of the iiames rise through the tubular flues,whereby the stove is heated suitably for the conditions required. The apparatus may be used for heating furnaces and steam-generators as well as for heating stoves for culinary and warming purposes.

In Fig. 3 we show a modification of the invention, in which the vapor-conducting tube 9 is screwed into the bottom wall of the retort and extends to near the top wall thereof, so as to take the vapor from the upper part of the retort and conduct it down to the burners 10. In the modified construction each burner-tip extends into a separate air-chamber, 13, open at its lower portion, as at 15, to the pan 12, and the vertical walls of these IOO chambers extend through and rise above the top wall ot' the hollow pan 12. In both constructions the walls oi' the pan serve to con1- pel all air entering;` the latter to pass into and through the open lower part of the air chamber or chambers 13 upon lthe `vapor at the burnertips to consume all smoke. The lower portions of the air-chambers 13, below the openings 15, serve as receptacles for oil to start the apparatus, as describefhwith reference to the trough il.

\Ve are aware that a hollow retort having,` fines, an oil-supply pipe, and a burner-carry ing;l pipe is not broadly new with. us. Further, that a casing around a vapor-btn'ner has heretofore been proposed, and, finally, that a stove t'or burning oil has heretofore comprised a watercontainin cylinder having aI central tube in which is located a valior-burner and above which tube and the water in the cylinder Il located an oil\\aporizing.;I chamber. Such features, therefore, we disclaim.

that we claim isl. The open air-supply pan l2, having,r a perforated top wall and adapted to set within a stove, andthe air-chamber 13, open at the top, supported by and rising,` above said top wall, and in connuunieation at its base with the interior of the air-supply pan, in combination with the burner projecting` into the air-chamber, the retort, the vapor-conducting tube, and the oil-suppl \v pipe, substantiallyv l as described. i

Au oil Vaporizer and burner consisting' of the retort l, having l'lues 2 extending,r entirely through it, the oil-supply tube 4t, the vapor-condnoting tube i), communicating with the retort, descending therefroi'n, and provided with a burner at its lower end, the open air-supply pan 12, adapted to set within a stove and having a perforated top wall, and the airehamber 123, open at the top, supported by and rising above said top wall surrounding the burner, and in communication at its base with the interior ot' the air-supply pan, substantiall)7 as described.

An oil vaporizer and burner coiisisting of the `retort l, havin g fines 2 extending' therethrough, the oil-supply pipe l, the vapor-conducting tube 0, leading down from the retort and provided at its lower end with a series of burner-tips, the air-supply pan 12, adapted to set within a stove and having` a series ot' openings in its top wall, and a series ot' aireharnbers, 13, supported in said openings and each one rising above the top wall surround- 'ing` a burner and provided with openings l5 at its lower end, placing` it in communication with the interior of the air-supply pan, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof we affix our si guaturcs in presence of two witnesses.


FRED. R. PETERSON, W. A. lnADstmw, Jr.

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Cooperative ClassificationF23D11/44