|Publication number||US2902076 A|
|Publication date||1 Sep 1959|
|Filing date||26 Feb 1957|
|Priority date||26 Feb 1957|
|Publication number||US 2902076 A, US 2902076A, US-A-2902076, US2902076 A, US2902076A|
|Original Assignee||Frank Vitelli|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (2), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. l, 1959 F, vlTELLl 2,902,076
BENDING MACHINES Filed Feb. 26, 1957 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 l INVENTOR. WW FRAN/f l//TELL/ BY Boh 803 808 80h l M ((o 80i l Sept. l, 1959 F. vrrELLl 2,902,076
BENDING MACHINES Filed Feb. 26, 1957 s sheets-sheet 2 INVENTOR. F RANK V/ TEL L/ BYZZy/-Zd Sept. 1, 1959 F. vlTELLl 2,902,076
BENDING MACHINES Filed Feb. 26, 1957 s sheessheet s INVENTOR. FRANK V/TELL/ A TTORNEYS lUnited States Patent O BENDING MACHINES Frank Vitelli, Redwood City, Calif.
Application February 26, 1957, Serial No. '642,596
7 Claims. (Cl. 153-20) This invention relates to improvements in bending machines of the type which are used for the bending of concrete-reinforcing bars, or rods.
The subject bending machine constitutes an improvement in many Ways over the bending machine invented by me and forming the subject matter of U.S. Patent No. 1,863,513, now expired. The machine hereinafter described enables the attainment of all of the objects and advantages mentioned in said patent concerning the earlier machine and in addition makes possible the attainment of further objects and advantages which are very important from the standpoints of efficiency and speed of operation.
Concrete-reinforcing bars are employed in sizes up to one inch in diameter and sixty feet in length. Bars of this size weigh about 160 pounds. It is customary to provide such bars with multiple bends, with one or two bends being formed at a time. The bending of a bar into the desired form thus calls for a plurality of operations of the bending machine and manual repositioning of the bar with respect to the bending elements of the machine between successive bending operations.
Other things being equal, the desirability for commercial use of one bending machine over another is dictated by the time required to complete the bending of a bar into a predetermined pattern. The operational time required is in direct proportion to the manual labor required tov manipulate and reposition the bar to condition it for the successive bending operations.
In the case of some bending machines, as for example, the aforementioned machine of my invention, the manual labor required for bar manipulation is considerable and in some instances is excessive to the point where it is not profitable to employ the machine. One inherent disadvantage of this earlier machine is that the bar is bodily.
swung around during the formation of a bend. This not only requires that suicient free space be provided adjacent the machine to prevent the swinging bar fromv striking anything, but also requires that the bar be lifted and reversely swung manually before it is advanced in the machine for the next bending step. A further limitation of this earlier machine is that it is necessary to turn the bar over manually in order to position the bar to receive a bend which is reverse in direction to that of the preceding bend imparted to the bar. It is when the desired bar bending pattern consists of bends in both directions that it becomes particularly unprotable to competitively employ this earlier machine.
Among the principal objects and advantages of this invention are the following: the provision of a bending machine in which a bar remains parallel with the longitudinal axis of the machine at all times during a bending operation; and the provision of a bending machine adapted to impart reverse bends to a bar Without the necessity of manually turning the bar over in the machine to position it to receive such reverse bends.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken yin conjunction with the drawings forming part of this specification, and in which:
Figure 1 is a top plan view of a bar bending machine embodying the invention;
Figure 2 is an enlarged view in front elevation taken along lines 2-2 of Figure 1, i.e. with the front wall of the casing removed;
Figure 3 is a view taken along lines 3--3 of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is a top plan view of the machine having a bar positioned therein for a bending operation;
Figure 5 is a further top plan View showing the bar after it has received what may be either a partial or a full bend;
Figure 6 is an enlarged detail view in section taken along lines 6-6 of Figure 1;
Figure 7 is a partial top plan view of the machine showing the orientation of parts of the machine and of a bar therein prior to the imparting to the end of the bar a hook, or bend;
Figure 8 is a View corresponding to that of Figure 7, but showing the position of the machine parts and the bar near the end of the hook-bending operation;
Figure 9 is an enlarged detail view in section taken along lines 9 9 of Figure 8; and
Figure 10 is a composite view showing by way of example a plurality of bent bars which may be formed by the subject machine.
With immediate reference to Figures 1 3, the machine is provided with a suitable supporting frame which may be in the form of casing 10 having top and bottom walls 12 and 14, front and back walls 16 and 18, end Walls 20 and 22, and horizontally disposed plate member 24. Supported on top Wall, or plate, 12 for rotative.
movement are a pair of alike brace members 26 and 28 and a bar member 30. Bar member 30 is xedly secured to a gear 32 which extends through an opening formed in plate 12 and is xedly secured to a shaft 34, the latter extending through plate member 24 and being supported for rotation by a suitably mounted journal member 36 and by a bearing support 38 secured to wall 14. The brace members 26 and 28, which are comprised of foot portions 40, table portions 42 and vertically extending Web portions 44, have the foot portions 40 thereof lixedly secured, as by keys 46, to the upper ends of shafts 48 and 50. The shafts 48 and 50 extend through plates 12 and 24 and are supported for rotation by bearing supports S2 and 54 secured, respectively, to walls 12 and 24.
Rotative movement of like degree and direction is imparted to shafts 48 and 50 by shaft 34 by means comprising alike gears 56, 58 and 60 secured, respectively, to shafts 48, 34 and 50, as by keys 62, and a rack 64 slidably and guidably disposed on plate 24 in mesh with gears 56, 58 and 60.
Means are provided to impart rotative movement to gear 32 and shaft 34 in either direction, said means comprising, for example, a reversible motor 66, a screw shaft 68 driven by said motor, a gear 70 in mesh with shaft 68,. a shaft 72 supported for rotation by bearing and journal supports 74 and 76 and having xedly secured thereto the gear 70, and a gear 78 secured to shaft 72 and in mesh with gear 32. Suitable controls, not `shown, are provided so that the operator of the machine may stop and start the motor 66 and control the degree and direction of rotation of brace members 26 and 28 and bar member 30.
It will be seen from the foregoing description that when shaft 34 is caused to be rotated in either direction shafts 48 and 50 are rotated in the same direction and to the same degree, and that thus the brace members 26 and 28 and the bar member 30 are at all times maintained in parallelism with each other (see Figures 4 and 5). This rotative movement in parallel of the brace and bar members is utilized through means now to be described to bend steel bars, such as those indicated by the reference numeral 80.
The bar member 30 is formed of integral bottom and side walls 82 and 84 and inwardly directed lip portions 86' defining therebetween a guideway 88 for a pair of` pin blocks 90 and 91 and a. slot 92 for the extension therethrough of pins 94 and 95 which are integral with said blocks 90 and 91. The blocks 90 and 91 are provided With internally threaded bores 96 and 98 havingv opposite hand threads, and a shaft 100 having thread sections of opposite hand extends through said' block bores in threaded engagement therewith. Bar member 30 isl provided with end closure plates 102 removably secured thereto. The reduced diameter ends of shaft 100 extend through apertures formed in said end plates, and said shaft ends terminate in non-round end portions 104 adapted to be engaged by a wrench, or the like, for the purpose of rotating the shaft and thereby adjustably moving the pin blocks 90 and 91 toward or away from the midpoint of bar member 30.
A pair of alike rod support plates 106 and 108 are jointly supported on brace members 26 and. 28 and bar member 30. The pins 94 and 95 extend through apertures 110 formed in plates 106 and 108 adjacent their inner ends. Said plates are adjustably connected to the ftable portions 42 of brace members 26 andV 28 by multidiametral pins 112 which extend through apertures 114, formed in the plates adjacent their outer ends, and elongated slots 116 formed in said table portions 42. Plate apertures 114 are counterbored so that the upper ends of pins 112 may be recessed within the plates 106 and 108. The pins 112 are clamped to the plates by tightening the nuts 118 which are threadably engaged with the lower ends of the pins. When the nuts are so tightened, brace members 26 and 28 and the pins 112 may be freely rotatively moved relative to plates 106 and 108.
The plates 106 and 108 are each further provided with apertures 120, 122, 124 and 126,r all of the same di'ametral size. Apertures 122 and 124 are disposed equidistantly from the longitudinal axes of plates 106 and 108 and from the axes of pins 94 and 95. Apertures 120 and 126 are likewise disposed equidistantly from the longitudinal axes ofk plates 106 and 108 and from the axes of pins 94 and 95. The apertures 120, 122, 124 and 126' in each plate have their axes disposed on the arc of an imaginary circle, the center of which is located along the longirtudinal axis of the plate. Secondary rod bending pins 128 and 130 are selectively and removably inserted within one of the four apertures 120-126 of the plates 106 and 108 in accordance with the diameter of the rod being worked, with the direction of bend to be given the rod, and with the radii desired for the ends of the bend. The bending pins 94, 95, 128 and 130 may be provided with removable sleeves 132 for further control of the radii of the ends of a bend.
Figures 4 and 5 illustrate the imparting of a bend to a rod, or bar, 80. In comparison with Figure l, it will be seen that the bar element 30 and brace members 26 and 28 have been rotated slightly in a clockwise direction to reach the positions they occupy in Figure 4. Such prepositioning movement of these elements is called for in order to enable the straight rod 80 to be placed on the plates 106 and 108 so that the pins 94 and 130 are disposed on one side of the rod and the pins 95 and 128 on the other side. With the rod so positioned in the machine, the previously described shaft and gear train is actuated to rotate bar member 30 and brace members 26 and 28 in a counter-clockwise direction, as indicated in Figure 5, to impart the bend 80a to rod 80. In Figure 5, the angle of the bend 80a with respect to the rod is about 30, but it will be appreciated that the angle of the bend may be made to approach 180 if desired.
When the desired angle of a bend has been reached, the machine is stopped. Parts 26, 28 and 30 are reversely -rotated to the slight degree necessary to free the rod. The rod is lifted. The parts 26, 28 and 30 are moved into position for the next bending step, and the rod is then advanced and lowered into place in the machine. If the next bend is to be identical with that previously made, the parts will be returned to their Figure 4 position and the bend length-controlling distance between the primary bending pins 94 and 95 will be maintained the same. If a different length of bend is desired, the pins 94 and 95 are accordingly moved either toward or away from each other by rotation of screw shaft after the nuts 118 have been loosened to allow pins 112 to slide within the slotsy 116. Following the desired adjustment of pins 94 and 95, the nuts 118 are again tightened. If the subsequent bend is to be a reverse one, i.e. made by rotating the parts 26, 28 and 30 in a clockwise direction, the pins 128 and 130 are inserted, respectively, in plate apertures and 126 (or 122 and 124, as the case may be) andthe parts 26, 28 and 30 are. rotated slightly in a counter-clockwise direction so that the bar may be positioned between the sets of bending pins, with pins` 94 and 130 being below the rod and pins 95 and 128. being above the rod (with reference to Figures l, 4 and 5)..
During operation of the machine, the longitudinal axes of plates 106 and 108 remain parallel with the longitudinal axis of the machine. Hence, the rod is not rotatively swung relative to the machine during the bending operation, but is instead deformed by a force couple into offset parallel body portions (which in turn are parallel with the axis of the machine) interconnected by bent portions, such as 80a. The manual labor required to manipulate thev rod between bending. steps to position it for the ensuing bending step is thereby reduced to a minimum. Y
Figure l0 shows, by way of example, a number of shapes of bent bars which may be readily produced by this machine. The bends 80h of the topmost rod are greater than 90 and they are unidirectional, i.e. made by successively rotating the. bending elements in the same direction of rotation. The bends 80C of the next rod shown are 90 and are uni-directional., The bends4 80d and 80e of lthe next rod are 90 but are bi-directional, i.e. made by successively rotating the bending elements in opposite directions. The bends 80jc of the following rod are likewise uni-directional. BendsV 80g of the next rod are bidirectional, and the rod is. further provided with semihook end bends 80h. The last` shown rod is provided with full hook end bends 801'.
Hook bends, such as 80h and 801' may be imparted to rods by means which may be readily installed in the machine for that purpose and thereafter removed. Such means comprise an auxiliary pin 134 carried by a pin block 136, the latter being complemental in cross-sectional shape with the channel 88 defined in bar member 30 and being downwardly insertable into said channel through an opening defined by cutaways 138 formed in lip portions 86 ofrnember 30. Pin block 136 is bifurcated to adapt it to straddle screw shaft and to be slidably positioned within member 30 adjacent one of theV primary bending pins 94 and 95. Whenthe block 136 has been positioned as desired within bar member 30, it is secured in this position by means such as set screw 140 (Figure 9).
Figures 7 and 8 illustrate how a hook bend, such as 801, may be imparted to a rod end Figure 7 shows the rod prepositioned with respect to bending pins 95, 130 and 134. When parts 30 and 28 are rotated in a counterclockwise direction (as indicated in Figure 8) for 180, a hook bend is imparted tothe end of the rod. It will be appreciated that the machine would normally be provided with two such auxiliary pins 134, the other being positioned adjacent the other primary bending pin 94, so that the trailing end of one bar and the leading end of a following bar may be simultaneously provided with such hook bends.
Having thus described an embodiment of myl invention,
what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A rod bending machine comprising a housing having an upper wall adapted to serve as a support member, an elongated bar member and a pair of elongated brace members disposed above said wall in spaced and alignable relation with each other, said bar member being disposed between said brace members, shaft means, supported within said housing and extending through said wall, mounting said brace members and said bar member for rotation about self-contained axes of rotation, said axes being in mutual alignment with each other, drive means mutually interconnecting said shaft means operable to move said brace members and said bar member in the same direction of rotation and with the same degree of rotation, whereby said brace members and bar member are maintained in parallel relation with each other, a pair of upwardly directed primary rod bending pins adjustably carried by said bar member -for movement toward and away from each other, a pair of plate members supported by said brace members and bar member, each of said plate members having a pivotal connection with one of said bending pins and having a pivotal and slidable connection with one of said brace members, and a secondary rod bending pin carried by each of said plate members intermediate the points of connection of said plate members with said brace members and with said primary bending pins.
2. A rod bending machine according to claim l, including means for selectively positioning said secondary bending pins on said plate members.
3. A rod bending machine comprising rst, second and third vertically disposed, parallel, aligned and horizontally spaced apart shafts, means supporting the same for rotation, reversible drive means connected to said shafts including means for rotating said shafts jointly in the same direction and to the same degree, rst, second and third elongated lever members disposed in parallel with each other and having a fixed connection with, respectively, said iirst, second and third shafts and extending transversely thereto, said shafts being spaced apart equidistantly, with said second shaft being located between said first and third shafts, said second lever member being connected at its midpoint with said second shaft, said first and third lever members, when all of said lever members are in longitudinal alignment, having the ends thereof which are disposed toward said second lever member connected to their respective shafts, a first link member interconnecting said first and second lever members, said link member having a iirst pivotal connection with said rst lever member and a second pivotal connection with said second lever member, the distance between said rst pivotal connection and said first shaft being equal to the distance between said second pivotal connection and said second shaft, a second link member similar to said first link member interconnecting said second and third lever members, said link member having a irst pivotal connection with said second lever member and a second pivotal connection with said third lever member, the distance between said last mentioned iirst pivotal connection and said second shaft being equal to the distance between said last mentioned second pivotal connection and said third shaft, and at least a pair of vertically disposed rod bending pins extending upwardly from each of said link members, the pins of each pair being spaced apart both lengthwise and crosswise of a link member.
4. A rod bending machine according to claim 3, including means for adjustably positioning the pivotal connections between said link members and said lever meinbers towards and away from the shafts connected to said lever members.
5. A rod bending machine according to claim 4, including means for varying the distances, both lengthwise and crosswise of the link members, between the pins of each pair.
6. A rod bending machine comprising an elongated and horizontally disposed carrier member, means supporting said carrier member for rotation about a vertically disposed axis of rotation, a pair of vertically disposed rod engaging pins carried by said carrier member, one of said pins being disposed at each side of said axis of rotation, whereby a straight rod to be bent may be disposed at an angle across said carrier member and have its opposite sides engaged by said pins, the distance between said pins defining the length of the bend to be imparted to said rod, a pair of rod engaging reaction members, each of said reaction members being positionally associated with one of said pins but located at the other side of said rod with respect to said pin and in spaced relation thereto along said rod and away `from the length thereof be be bent, drive means connected to lthe support means for said carrier member whereby said carrier member may be selectively rotated in either direction, and support and drive means `for said reaction members operable simultaneously with the drive means for said carrier member to move each reaction member in a curvilinear path while preventing any relative movement |between each reaction member and the pin positionally associated therewith.
7. A rod bending machine comprising support means rotatable about an axis of rotation, a pair of spaced apart primary bending pins having their longitudinal axes 4disposed in parallel with each other and in parallel with the axis of rotation of said support means, said pins being carried by said support means and each beingadapted to travel a circular path upon rotation of said support means, a pair of secondary bending pins and movable support means therefor disposing said pins in spaced parallel relation with each other and with said primary bending pins, said secondary bending pins being each disposed adjacent one of said primary bending pins at a greater distance from said axis of rotation than said primary bending pin, said secondary bending pins being disposed at opposite sides of an imaginary plane in which the longitudinal axes of said primary bending pins are disposed, rst means for rotating the support means for said primary pins about said axis of rotation, and second means operable in timed relation to the operation of said iirst means to move said support means for said secondary pins, and means constraining said latter mentioned support means to move curvilinearly while preventing relative movement between each primary pin and the secondary pin adjacently disposed thereto.
References Cited in the tile of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,695,836 Witmer Dec. 18, 1928 2,055,955 Wagenbach Sept. 29, 1936 2,477,020 Van Sant July 26, 1949 2,645,252 Norman July 14, 1953 2,661,786 Peddinghaus et al. Dec. 8, 1953 FOREIGN PATENTS 696,006 France Oct. 7, 1930 891,175 Germany Sept. 24, 1953
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1695836 *||10 Jan 1927||18 Dec 1928||Witmer Victor M||Machine for bending bars|
|US2055955 *||26 Feb 1936||29 Sep 1936||Anton Wagenbach||Bending machine|
|US2477020 *||28 Apr 1945||26 Jul 1949||Standard Telephones Cables Ltd||Bending machine|
|US2645252 *||24 Oct 1947||14 Jul 1953||Zig Zag Spring Co||Spring forming machine|
|US2661786 *||21 Dec 1950||8 Dec 1953||Peddinghaus Paul Ferd||Bending machine|
|DE891175C *||25 Mar 1950||24 Sep 1953||Peddinghaus Paul Ferd Fa||Biegemaschine, insbesondere fuer Betoneisen|
|FR696006A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3245433 *||10 May 1962||12 Apr 1966||Geometric Spring Company||Wire bending machine|
|DE1527390B1 *||8 May 1964||12 Mar 1970||Peddinghaus Paul Ferd Fa||Zweiarmiger ortsfester Formstueckhalter fuer Z-foermige Doppelaufbiegungen an Betonstahlstaeben|
|International Classification||B21D11/12, B21D11/00|