|Publication number||US2311604 A|
|Publication date||16 Feb 1943|
|Filing date||26 Oct 1940|
|Priority date||30 Jan 1940|
|Publication number||US 2311604 A, US 2311604A, US-A-2311604, US2311604 A, US2311604A|
|Inventors||Zeier Frederick F|
|Original Assignee||Singer Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 16, 1943. F; F. ZEIER 2,311,604
LUBRICA'I'ING SYSTEM FOR SEWING MACHINES Original Filed Jan, 2'0, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Feb. 16, 1943. F. F. ZElER 2,311,604
LUBRIGATING SYSTEM FOR SEWING MACHINES Original Filed Jan. 30, 1940 S-Sheets-Sheet 2 fiedere 1 Zeier Feb. 16, 1943. F. F. ZEIER LUBRICATING SYSTEM FOR SEWING MACHINES Original Filed Jan. 30, 1940 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Feb. 16, 1943 LUBRICATING SYSTEM FOR SEWING CHINES Frederick F. Zeier, Fairfleld, Conn., assignor to The Singer Manufacturing Company, Elizabeth, N. J a corporation of New Jersey Original application January 30, 1940, Serial No. 316,297. Divided and this application October 26, 1940, Serial No. 362,906
This invention relates to sewing machines and has for its primary object to provide for the thorough and eiiicient lubrication of the machine to insure long life under high speed operating conditions.
A further object of the invention is the provision of a pressure lubricating system which can a readily understood bythose skilled in the art from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view of a sewing machine, showing the inner workings thereof, the various bearings which require lubrication and the pressure lubricating system employed for distributing oil to said bearings.
Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical sectional view through the standard of the machine, showing the preferred location of the lubricating pump and the inlet and outlet conduits therefor.
Fig. 3 is a top plan view of the machine-bed with the standard of the machine-frame in section and the work-supporting plate removed from the bed to expose the mechanism within the same. 7
Fig. 4 is a front side elevation of the machinebed and drip-pan, showing the manner in which the latter is suspended from the table structure and the resilient support of the machine-bed upon the drip-pan.
This application is a division of my copending application Serial No. 316,297, filed Jan. 30, 1940, and only such reference will be made to the general construction of the machine and the operating mechanism of the same as will enable a clear understanding of the lubricating system.
The machine comprises a hollow frame which is preferably cast in two sections and includes a rectangular bed I from one end of which rises a standard 2 of an overhanging bracket-arm 3 terminating in a head 4. The rectangular bed I (Fig. 3), is composed of vertically disposed front and rear walls 5 and 6, and end walls 'I and 8. Intermediate the end walls I and 8 are two transverse dividing walls 9 and I which separate the bed I into individual compartments II', I2 and I3. Disposed in compartments I I and I2 are the stitch-forming mechanism and the feeding mechanism, together with connections for actuating the same. Each of the two compartments II and I2 is opened at the bottom to permit the precipitation of spent oil, lint and dirt from the mechanism within these compartments. The end wall 8 of the bed adjacent the front wall is formed with an oil reservoir I4, see Figs. 2 and 4, closed at its lower end by means of agasket-fitted detachable plate I5 and adapted to be filled through an oil-cup Ii threaded into the side wall of the reservoir I4. Secured alsoin the side wall of the reservoir is a transparent window II throughv which the level of the oil in the reservoir may be observed.
Secured upon the rear end-portion of the bed I is the standard 2 of the bracket-arm 3, the open face of which standard is adapted to be closed by a cover-plate I8 secured by screws I9. Formed integral with the upper end of the stand ard 2 is the bracket-arm 3 provided at the standard end with an internal partition, at its head end with an internal partition 2I and intermediate the partitions and 2| with a depending boss 22. The partitions 20 and 2| define a compartment 23 housing the actuating eccentric 24 and the stitch-length indicating disk 25 of the needle-feed mechanism. The partitions 20 and 2| provide supports for a commercial needle-bearing 26 and ball-bearing 21 in which is journaled the main or arm-shaft 28. To lend support to the arm-shaft and to prevent whipping thereof, the depending boss 22 is fitted with a second needle-bearing 29 embracing a sleeve 30 clamped to rotate with the main-shaft between a needle-thread nipper actuating cam 3| and the hub 32 of the stitch-length indicating disk 25.
The internal partition 29, Fig. 1, is preferably formed with an elongated bearing boss 34 having a bore 35 snugly receiving the outer casing of the needle-bearing 26, which bearing embraces a sleeve 36 clamped upon the arm-shaft 28 to rotate therewith between a collar 31 and the inner end of the hub 38 of a belt-sprocket 39. Fixed upon the end of the arm-shaft 28 in face-to-face contact with the hub 38 of the beltsprocket is the usual belt-driven balance-wheel means of a conventional clip-belt 46 to rotate at a ratio of one-to-one. It will be observed in Fig. 1 that the needle-bearing 4I supports the inner end P rtion of the lowermain-shaft 44 in a manner identical with that of the her'einbetore described mounting for the needle-bearing 25 on the arm-shaft 29 and, therefore, no further description of the mounting for the needle-bearing 4 I is believed necessary. The needle-bearing 42 is located in the transverse wall I9 of the bed I and embraces a sleeve 45' clamped upon the lower main-shaft 44 to rotate therewith between two collars 41 and 48. Needle-bearing 49 is mounted in the transverse wall 9 of the bed I in a manner diflering only from needle-bearing 42 in that the sleeve embraced by the needle-bearing is clamped between the feed-advance eccentric and the feedlift eccentric of the lower feeding mechanism. The main-shaft 44 at its forward end-portion has secured thereto-a plurality of eccentrics and a suitable crank for actuating the mechanism located within the bed I.
Referring now to Figs. 1 and 4; it will be seen that the bed I is provided with a detachably secured work-supporting plate 49 formed with a cut-out to receive the usual throat-plate 59. When the machine is mounted upon a tablestructure the surface of the work-supporting plate 49 is adapted to be substantially flush with the table-top T. This is accomplished preferably by resting the four comers of the machine-bed I, which are apertured as at 59', upon resilient pads I composed of rubber, felt, neoprene, or the like, fitted with locating pins 52 adapted to enter the apertures 59'. The resilient pads 5I are suitably fastened upon posts 59 rising from the side walls of an open-topped box-like drippan 54. The drip-pan has preferably integral therewith three horizontally projecting lugs 55, two at the standard end of the machine, see Fig. 2, and one centrally of the head end of the machine, apertured as at 55 to receive the lower ends of suspension bolts 51 depending from the tabletop '1. Interposed between the upper face of each of the lugs 55 and the table-top T is a resilient pad 58 and disposed between the lower face oi. each of the lugs and the nut on the suspension bolts 51 is a second resilient pad 59. The resilient pads 5i, 58 and 59 are provided to dampen tomatically by a ball-valve 11 active in response to pressure created by the manual actuation of the piston 51.
The inlet port 14 of the pump 59 is connected by the pipe 5| to lubricant reservoir I4 in the bed I, Fig. 2. The two outlet ports 15 and'15 oi the pump 59 are connected by pipes 52 and 55 to the lower main-shaft 44 and the arm-shaft 25. respectively. The lower end of the outlet pipe 52 is received in the upper end of a. hole 18 in the end-wall 5 of the bed I. The lower end of the hole 18 registers with an annular groove 19 formed in the periphery of the rotatable collar 89 fixed upon the lower main-shaft 44. The oil supplied under pressure to the annular groove 19 by the pump is led through a radial duct 5 I in the collar 89 to an annular groove 92 in the periphery of the main-shaft 44 and from said groove through the radial duct 85 into the longitudinal bore 84 in the main-shaft 44. In this manner oil is conducted to the shaft-bore which is closed at its opposite ends. the oil in the bore being dispersed to the various needle-bearings 4|, 42 and 49, th eccentrics 55, 55 and 51, the
crank-pin 58 and tubular pin 59 for actuating the looper mechanism,- and the pin-and-sleeve connections 99 and 9i for raising and lowerlngthe feed-dog 92 through a series of small radial ducts 99 in the main-shaft 44.
The upper end of the second outlet pipe 59 has secured thereto a commercial fitting 94 threaded into a boss 95 integral with the internal partition 29 adjacent the balance-wheel end of the bracket-arm 5. In alinement with the fitting 94 the boss 95 is formed with a port 95 of which the upper end is in register with an annular groove 91 cut into the rotatable collar 81 fixed upon the arm-shaft 28. From the annular groove 91 the oil is led through a duct 95 into an annular groove 99 in the periphery of the arm-shaft 28 and from the annular groove 99 through the radial duct I99 into the bore III of the arm-shaft. As in the lower mainshaft 44,
' the oil in the bore I9l is dispersed to the needlevibrations set up in the machine during high speed operation.
In order that the machine may be operated at high speed there is provided a lubricating system which is manually controlled to distribute oil under pressure to various hearings in the machine. In the machine chosen for illustration, Figs. 1 and 2, there is provided within the stand" ard 2 a suitable pump 69 fitted with an inlet pipe 6i and two outlet pipes 52 and 63, pipe 53 supeplying oil to the mechanism within the bracket arm 3 and head 3 and pipe -52 supplying oil to the mechanisms within the bed I.
Referring to 1, one wall of the standard 2 is preferably formed with 9. lug $9 apertured to receive a supporting extension 65 integral with the housing of the pump The pump is preferably of the plunger type and comprises a cylinder 66 fitted with a piston 91 fastened upon the end of a rod 59 slidably journaled in a head 55 vented as at 19 and threaded upon the cylinder 66. The exposm end of the piston-rod 98 is equipped with a knurled head II which is normally disposed within a cavity I2 formed in the cover-plate I8 which closes the open face of the standard 2. The pump at the base of the cylinder 88 is formed with a chamber 13 having an inlet port 14 and two outlet ports 15 and 19. Each of the three ports is opened and closed aubearings 28 and 29, the ball-bearing 21, the needle-bar vibrating eccentric 24, and to the needlebar reciprocating mechanism through a series of small radial ducts I92 in the arm-shaft 28. In Fig. 1, it will be observed that oil is conducted to the balls in the ball-bearing 21 by means of a disk I93 fixed to rotate with the arm-shaft 28 and having its inner face in position to receive oil from the end of the radial duct i92. During rotation of the arm-shaft, the oil collected on the face of the disk I93 is thrown to the outer inturned edge thereof and is directed between the raceways and onto the halls in contact therewith. Excess oil from the mechanism within the compartment 23 in the bracket-arm 3 is returned distributing the oil supplied by the port I95 to the needle-bearings H9 and to the bearing surface between the needle-bar pin III and the actuating link I I 2 through the bore of the latter. The stud I98 is retained in the bore of the crankpin ill by the set-screw 3 which closes the outer end of the bore I08 in the crank- I".
It can be understood from the above description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, that I have provided a sewing machine lubricating mechanism which is designed be distributed under pressure to the bore of both the upper and the lower shafts 28 and II, repectively, and that the oil then is conducted to the various bearings by radial ducts. These radial ducts are purposely made of such a diameter that a sufficient quantity of oil will be delivered to each bearing, and also small enough so that the system will be maintained filled with oil, thereby to eliminate-the formation of air-pockets in the systems. In the embodiment chosen to illustrate my invention, the pump 60 employed is of the well known plunger type which is adapted to be manually actuated by the operator whenever it is necessary to lubricate the machine. It is to be understood that any suitable type of pump may be substituted for the plunger-pump disclosed, and that automatic means may be used to actuate the pump at the end of a predetermined number of stitches.
Having thus set forth the nature of the invention, what I claim herein is:
1. In a sewing machine; the combination of a frame including a bed, a standard having an internal lug, and a bracket-arm; stitch-forming devices and work-feeding means; an actuating shaft journaled in bearings in said frame and having a longitudinal bore; mechanism connected to said shaft for actuating either the stitch-forming devices or the work-feeding means; means connecting the bore of said actuating shaft with the bearings in which said shaft is journaled and with the various bearing surfaces of the mechanism operated by said shaft;
a lubricant reservoir; and means including a manually operated pump for delivering lubricant under pressure controllable directly by the operator from said reservoir to the bore in said actuating shaft for distribution to the bearings supporting said shaft and to the bearing surfaces of the mechanism operated by said shaft, said pump having a housing fitted with a supporting extension adapted to be secured to said standard lug.
2. A sewing machine having; in combination; a frame including a bed, a standard having a lug, and a bracket-arm; stitch-forming devices including a needle and a complemental looptaker, work-feeding means; an actuating-shaft journaled in bearings in said bed and having a longitudinal bore; a second actuating-shaft journaled in bearings in said bracket-arm and having a longitudinal bore; means connecting the bores of said actuating-shaft with the bearings supporting the same; a lubricant-reservoir; and a pump for delivering lubricant under pressure from said reservoir to the longitudinal bore in each of said actuating-shafts, said pump having a housing fitted with a supporting extension adapted :to be received in said standard-lug, an inlet connection extending into said reservoir and outlet connections for supplying lubricant to the bores of the two actuating-shafts.
3. A sewing machine having, in combination;
a frame provided with an anti-friction bearing; stitch-forming devices including a needle and a complemental loop-taker; work-feeding means; an actuating shaft ournaled in said bearing and having a longitudinal bore; a lubricant reservoir; means for delivering oil from said reservoir to the bore in said actuating shaft; and a disk secured on said shaft and having one of its faces in register with a duct extending from the bore in said shaft, said disk adapted to collect lubri-' cant from said duct and deliver it to said antifriction bearing to lubricate the same.
4. A sewing machine having a frame including a bracket-arm terminating in a head; a needle-bar journaled in said head; an actuating shaft journaled in said bracket-arm; needle-bar actuating mechanism operated by said shaft for imparting reciprocatory movements to said needle-bar, said mechanism including a crank having a hollow crank-pin and a link connecting said crank-pin to said needle-bar; a-stud adapted for securing said link upon said crank-pin and having a reduced shank disposed in the-hollow of said crank-pin and forming therewith a lubricant passageway for conducting oil to the bearings in said needle-bar actuating mechanism; and means for supplying oil to said lubricant passageway.
5. A sewing machine having a frame including a' head; a needle-bar journaled in said head; an actuating shaft journaled in said frame and having a longitudinal bore; needle-bar actuating mechanism operated by said shaft for imparting reciprocatory movements to said needlebar, said mechanism including a crank having a hollow crank-pin and a link connecting said crank-pin to said needle-bar; a stud adapted for securing said link upon said crank-pin and having a reduced shank disposed in the hollow of said crank-pin and forming therewith a lubricant passageway for conducting oil to the bearings in'said needle-bar actuating mechanism; means for conducting lubricant from the bore in said actuating shaft to the lubricant passageway in said hollow crank-pin; and means for delivering lubricant to the bore in said actuating shaft.
6. A sewing machine having, in combination; a frame; stitch-forming devices including a needle and a complemental loop-taker; work-feeding means; a partition in said frame providing a bearing boss; an anti-friction bearing in said boss; an actuating shaft journaled in said antifriction bearing and having a longitudinal bore and a plurality of radial ducts; a member secured on said shaft on one side of the anti-friction bearing; a sleeve secured on said shaft within said bearing-boss and on the other side of the anti-friction bearing; a lubricant duct in said sleeve in register with one of said radial ducts in said shaft; a lubricant reservoir in said frame; and means for conducting lubricant from said reservoir to the lubricant duct in said sleeve and thence to the bore in said actuating shaft.
7. A sewing machine having; in combination; a frame including a bed and a bracket-arm connected by a standard, said standard having an open face; a cover-plate adapted :to close the open face of said standard and having a cavity formed therein; stitch-forming devices including a needle and a complemental loop-taker; work-feeding means; actuating mechanism within said frame for imparting operative movements to said stitch-forming devices and work-feeding means; and means for lubricating said actuating mechanism including a manually actuated pump,
said pump being located within said standard and having its actuating member extending through said cover-plate and when not in use disposed within said cavity in said cover-plate.
8. A sewing machine having; in combination; a frame including a bed, standard and bracketarm, stitch-forming devices including a needle and a complemental loop-taker; an actuatingshaft journaled in bearings in said bed and having a longitudinal bore; a second actuating-shaft 10 journaled in bearings in said bracket-arm and having a longitudinal bore; means connecting
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2430369 *||24 Aug 1943||4 Nov 1947||Union Special Machine Co||Sewing machine|
|US2721528 *||26 May 1951||25 Oct 1955||Union Special Machine Co||Lubrication system for sewing machines|
|US2773562 *||5 May 1951||11 Dec 1956||Auto Research Corp||Lubricating pump|
|US2879733 *||21 Nov 1951||31 Mar 1959||Merrow Machine Co||Lubrication systems|
|DE937215C *||1 May 1952||29 Dec 1955||Union Special Machine Co||Umlaufschmierung fuer Naehmaschinen|
|EP0281488A1 *||16 Feb 1988||7 Sep 1988||Eaton Leonard Picot S.A.||Turning bending head for a tube-bending machine|
|U.S. Classification||112/256, 184/6.15, 184/6|
|International Classification||D05B57/00, D05B71/00, D05B57/02|
|Cooperative Classification||D05B57/02, D05B71/00|