Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1762835 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date10 Jun 1930
Filing date13 May 1927
Priority date13 May 1927
Publication numberUS 1762835 A, US 1762835A, US-A-1762835, US1762835 A, US1762835A
InventorsFrank H Poeppelmeier
Original AssigneeTypographic Machines Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Means for forming metal tubes
US 1762835 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 10, 1930. F. H. POEPPELMEIER I 62,8

MEANS FOR FORMING METAL TUBES Filed May 13. 192 Y 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 32 22 V v 151 22 72 H.470 m m ,5" K .52 A v,

14; ATTORNEY I I'NVENTOR,

' June 10, 1930. F. H. POEPPELMEIER v MEANS FOR FORMING METAL TUBES Filed May 13, 1927 2 She-ts-Sheet 2 ,9 V a 9 2 s 83 Z6 Y Q 1 2 :4 %26 Ra /.11. 367.10. 9. Fig.5 F1 1 F1 vfi INVENTOIQ,

. [Patented June i939 FRANK H. POEPPELMEIER; or narrow,

' ASSIGNMENTS, o la e TYPoe PHIoM cHINEs COMPANY, or nnYToN,\o 1 A f cosronn'rrouzor onto V I I ,"TElrf" 4 I r 1; Y"

01-110, Ass'muon ilBY' primer AND 'YMYESNE Y j MnANs FOR romaine. LiE'lA-L U Es" I f This invention'relates to new and useful im- It is the, principal object of my: invention to provide a machine for economically and expeditiously forming from. metal; tubes such as type tubes. ZMy machine first shears prove'ments in means for forming tubes from a stri J of metal to-len th with an ear formed ure 1 is a cross sectionalview ofthe machine taken on the l1nev l l of Figure 2. Figure 5 is a cross sectional viewtaken through said machine on the line-.5 oi Fign re 2,1showmg the idler mounting andoil tube. "Figurefi is asectional view taken through the feeding takenwthrough'the second-forming roll and disc. Figure 11. is a sectional viewjtaken rolls. Figure 7 is a sectional viewthrough the shearing rolls. FigureS isasectional view taken throughthe second feeding rolls; Figure 9 is a sectional-view. taken through the first forming rolls. Figure 10 is a'sectional view through the final forming rolls. Figure 12 is side view oi' the type tube formedjby my machine. And'figur'es 13 is adi'agram'matic view showing the shearing unit of my machine.

Referring to the accompanying drawings for a detailed description ofthe machine I -preter'for forming .type tubes, the numeral 1 designates an elongated'fmetal frame 'comprising a base 2 and a central,"vertical supporting web '3."

Projecting laterally from the v middle ti ono'f the web 3.-onleachside thereoiin a (See Figures 2 and 4;)

7 horizontal line, are hollow bosses 5. .lVithin the bosses 5 in Figure 4, is'a bearingG for a lpulley shaft] upon one reduced end of whichis securedapulley 8. Upon theother s de of the weh3 there is secured upon the shaft 7 a roll 9having agrooved periphery 10.

Secured upon the shaft Tbetween the pulley 1927. serial No. 91.099..

v 8 and theweh 333s, a standard gear l l formed with a hub 12 upon whichthereis secured a gear 13 having onemore tooth'thanflthe gear v11-. 'Secured to-theout-er face ofthe gear ll is a spacing disc 14.; :(See F igure4.) i 1 Formedon the web 3-above and in Vertical alinement with the bosses 5, are hollow bosses 15 open at the topto contain floating bushings 16. iln 'each bushing there is journ'aled a shaftsuch as the shaft 17 in Figure, l'. Upon one end-of thesliaft .17 there is secureda T011 18 formed on its periphery with a wide annular projection 19' adapted to enter' the' groove =10 in the .roll 9 immediately below it. Upon the other end'of the shatt17there between the rolls .9 and 18, there is secured to the bosses15 a top cover plate .15- having formed initstop portion hollow vertical.

, 5 18 secured gear 20avh'1cl1 meshes with the driv ng geari 11 below.-x('See Figures 2 and For. the bhrhoseiof adjusting. the tension I projections 21 that receive studs. 22 which,

at their lower ends, .engagethe fioatinglbush ings 16. These studs 22rise ahovethe projec t tions 21 to receiveinuts 23 byfwhich thestuds are for ced downwardly to increase the pressure ofthe rolls upon the metal strip-between them, or are drawn upwardlytorelie've that, I

In. order to prevent "the gears 11 and 201 being pressed more 'closely: together when the Trolls 9 and 18 are more tightly engaged; the gear-2 0 has secured to its-outer 'facej 'a disc'j,

tension. I

24: which is in peripheral contact with the disc 1l.{ ;These discsland 24 will maintain .i by the studs.

- "As shown in F gureither'e' is formed in the-Jtop 15%"ofthe bosses/15' a vertical. oil

. -Beferring to Figures 12 and 5, there is mounted on 'astud 27- secured to thegear side.

the gears on accurate centers irrespective *ofthe pressure'exertedupon the floating bushof theweb 3, and idler pinion28 that meshes with the gear13. which has one more tooth than the'gear 11. Vith-the latter gear there meshesan idlerpinion 29 mounted on a stud hieshing with the pinion 29 is a gear'31 se-' cured to a shaft 32 journaled in a suitable bearing ina pair of other end of this shaft there is secured a roll 33 toone face of which there is attached a retaining disc 34.

Adapted to be pressed against the roll 33 V is a roll 35 secured to one end'of a shaft 36 which, like the shaft 17, is floatingly mounted in bosses .15 above the bosses 5 last mentioned. Upon the other end of the shaft 36 there is secured a gear 37 that meshes with'the gear 31 which drives it. To the: gears 31 and 37, as well as to the. gears hereinafter to be described, there are secured discs similar to the discs 14 and 24 for maintaining said gears on accurate centers. The rolls 33 and 35, as will be hereinafter described, shear the metal strip from which the type tube is formed. (See Figure 12.)

Mounted 011 the stud 38 is an idler pinion 39 which is in mesh with the gear 31. Mleshing with the'idler pinion 39 is a gear 40 secured to ashaft 41 journaled in suitable bearings in one pair of the bosses 5. On the other end of this shaft 41, there is secured a feed roll 42.

Adapted to bepressed against the roll 42 is a feed roll 43 secured to one end of a shaft v44 which, like the shaft 17, is floatingly i the gear 40 which drives it.

mounted in bosses 15 above the bosses 5' last mentioned. Upon the other end of the shaft 44, there is secured a gear 45 that meshes with (See Figure 2.)

The faster moving rolls, or those rotated by 'the idler pinion 28, will now be described. Meshing with the pinion 28 is a gear 46 secured to a shaft 47 journaled in suitable bearings in a pair of the bosses 5." On'the other 7 end of-this shaft 47 there is secured a roll 48 "formed with a grooved periphery 49 as shown in Figure 9, to coact with a roll 50 to per- 0111111116 first forming operation on the sheared metal strip.

The gear 13, which has one more tooth than the gear 11 with which the pinion 29 meshes, drives the idler pinion 28 at a faster rate than the pinion 29; and through its engagement with the gear 46, the pinion 28 52 that, like the shaft 17, is fioatingly mounted inbOsses 15 above the last mentioned bosses the bosses 5. On the as shown in Figure 11.

5. Upon the other end of the shaft 52 there is secured a gear 54 that meshes with the gear 46 which drives it. (See Figure 2.)

Meshing with the gear 46 is an idler pinion 55 mounted on a stud 56 In mesh with this pinion 55 is a gear 57' secured on a shaft 58 journaled in suitable bearings in a pair of bosses 5. .On the other end of this shaft 58 there secured a roll 59 ha'vingthe grooved periphery 60 shown in Figure 10.

Adapted to enter the groove 60 in the roll 59 is a forming disc 61 secured to one end of a shaft 62 which, like the shaft 17, is floatingly mounted in bosses 15 above the bosses 5 last mentioned. Upon the other end of the shaft 62there is secured a gear 63, which meshes with the gear 57 that drives it. (See Figure 2.)

For the purpose of rotating the last forming rolls, there is mounted on a stud 64, for engagement with the gear 57, an idler pinion 65 that meshes with a gear 66 secured to a shaft 67 journaled in suitable bearings in the end bosses 5. On the other end of this shaft 67, there is secured a crimping roll 68 formed in its peripheryv with two spaced flanges 69, 69

' Adapted to be pressed against the roll 68 is a roll 70for1ned with a concaved periphcry 71 which both annular flanges 69, 69 on the roll 68 en or to crimp thecurved sides of the tube formed by the preceding rolls.

The roll 7 O is secured to one end of a shaft 72 which, like the shaft 17,- is fioatingly mounted in bosses 15 abovethe bosses 5 last referred to. Upon the other end of the shaft 72 there is secured a gear 73 that meshes with the gear 66 which drives it. (See Figure 2.) V

Referring to Figures 1 and 3,'there is se cured to the web 3 at one end of my forming machine just described, a horizontal bracket 7 4 for a pair of guide plates 75, 7 5., The latter are secured by screws 76 to the bracket 74, and are formed to provide, when screwed together, a longitudinal. slot 77 to. receive a metal strip 78 to guide it between the feed rolls 42 and 43.

Intermediate guide plates 7 9, 79 are screwed to supporting piece 81 attached to the web 3 between the paired rolls back of the feed rolls 42 and43. Just beyond, and a little above, the meeting point of the rolls 68 and 70, a straightening plate 82 secured to a bracket 83 that is attached to the web 3 by screws 84. r r

The operation of my machine will now be described. I

A metal strip 78 from a roll (not shown) is directed between the feed rolls 42 and 43 by the guide plates 75, 75. By these rolls the strip is fed between the guide plates 79, 79 to the sh aring rolls 33 and 35.

ieferring to'Figuresvl, 7 and 13 for a description of these rolls,it willbe o served from Figure 13 there is provided'inthe periphery of the roll 33 a recess into which is fitted a i said drive shaft toreceive between them a Vmetal' strip, pairs of forming rollsmounted female die 85 and a stripper 86 resting on a rubber cushion 87. In a recess in the periphery of the upper roll 35 there is fitted a male. die 88 which is formed and located to co-actwith the female die 85 to cut the metalstrip 78 into proper lengths, with an ear 89 formed on one end of each a and a corresponding groove 90 formed in its other end, (See-Fi ure 7.)

The strips so sheared, and'formed rolls 33 and 35 are directed by the'guide plates.

79, 79 between the next rolls. 9 and '18, which feed them between the next guide plates 79, 79 to the first forming rolls 48an'd 50. These rolls form eachmetal strip with afiat bottom 91 and two slightly upturned sides 92, 92. (SeeFigure9.) Q i I Y The rolls 59 and disc 61, which next receive the partly formed strip, give to the latter the more pronounced curvature shown in Figure 10. The still partlyjformed metal strip is "then passed betweenthe next guide plates 79, e7 9 to the third forming rolls 68 and 70, which crimp it to its final shape shown in end section in Figure 11. The strip is then forced against the straightening plate82, issuing fromthe machine as the completed typetube 93 shown in Figure 12. i i

It is thus seen that my machine there may be quickly and cheaply formed from metal rolls, tubessuchfas the type tubes 93.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. In a machine of the type described, the combination with a supp'ortingframe, of a plurality of pairs of superimposed rolls mounted in said frame adapted to receive between them a strip of metal, means carried by two of said rolls to shear said strip to proper length, a pair of subsequent rolls being formed to bend said strip to channel shape, with a flat bottom, a next succeeding pair of rolls being formed to furtherv bend the walls of said channel, and the last-pair of rolls being formed'to crimp said walls closer to- V gether, and meansfor rotating said rolls.

' 2. In a machine of the typedescribed, the combination with asupporting frame, of a greater number of teeth;

and supported by said web, a pair of shearing rolls mounted on said web, on one side of onsaid web and on the other side of said drive.

shaft to form said strip after it has been sheared by the first rolls, and means on said a faster rate of speed than the shearing rolls.

4:. In a'machine of the type described, the

drive shaft for rotating the forming rolls at combination with a verticalsupporting web,

of a transverse drive shaft proj ecting through and supported by said web, a pair of roll shafts-mountedon each side of saiddrive shaft, a pair of rolls forshearing a metal strip'mounted on one pair of said roll shafts,

a pair of rolls-forforming said strip mounted on the other pair of roll shafts, a drive gear mounted on said dri ve shaft, a seconddriving gearwith a less number of teeth, also mounted a geared connection between the forming roll a shafts and the driving gear l'iaving the 5. In a machine of the type described, the

combination with a vertical supporting web,

of a pair of oppositely disposed, hollowbosses I projecting horizontally from said web, one 5 on each side of the latter, hollow bosses proj ecting laterally from said web above the first bosses, a horizontal bushing floatingly mountled in the upperbosses,ashaftjournaled in said 7 bushing, a forming roll mounted on one end I of said vshaft, a forming roll mountedon the Y drive shaft immediately below the first roll, a gear mounted on said drive shaft, a gear mountedon the'second shaft in mesh with the first gear, and screw means projecting through the tops of the upper bosses for engagement with said bushing to force the 'upper forming rolltoward the lower one for plurality of pairs 'of superimposed rolls 1 mounted in said frame adapted to receivevbetween them a strip'of metal, means carried by two-of said rolls to shear said strip'to proper length, a pairv of subsequent rolls being formed to bend said, strip to channel shape, with a flat bottom, a next succeeding pair of rolls being formed to further bend the walls of said channel, and the last pair of rolls being formed to crimp said walls closer together, and means for rotating the last three I pairs of rolls at a faster rate than the.preced-' ing rolls. H

3. In a machine of the type described, the

combination'with a vertical supporting Web, 7

of a transverse drive shaft proj ecting through

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2582062 *30 Jul 19488 Jan 1952Elastic Stop Nut CorpMachine for making spring dowel pins
US3076491 *28 Mar 19605 Feb 1963Bruderlin Henry HWire forming machine
Classifications
U.S. Classification72/129, 72/179
International ClassificationB21C37/08, B21C37/10, B21C37/06
Cooperative ClassificationB21C37/105
European ClassificationB21C37/10F