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Publication numberCN201525075 U
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 200920240473
Publication date14 Jul 2010
Filing date25 Oct 2009
Priority date25 Oct 2009
Publication number200920240473.3, CN 200920240473, CN 201525075 U, CN 201525075U, CN-U-201525075, CN200920240473, CN200920240473.3, CN201525075 U, CN201525075U
Inventors张玉川
Applicant张玉川
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Sand brick press
CN 201525075 U
Abstract
The utility model provides a sand brick press, which belongs to a brick making tool. The sand brick press comprises a machine frame, a hydraulic cylinder is fixed at the upper part of the machine frame, a pressing die is fixed at the lower end of the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder, another hydraulic cylinder is fixed at the lower part of the machine frame, a top die is fixed at the upper end of the other piston rod of another hydraulic cylinder, a die casing is fixed in the middle part of the machine frame, a feeding and brick pushing device are mounted on the upper surface of the die casing, and a baiting box above the feeding and brick pushing device is mounted on the machine frame. Through the brick press, sand such as sediment in Yellow River can be used for brick manufacture directly, the rich sediment resources in Yellow River can be fully used, damages to cultivated land caused by clay brick production can be avoided, the energy consumption during the production process is not required, and the production cost is low.
Claims(3)  translated from Chinese
  1. 沙土制砖机,其特征在于,它有机架(5),机架上部固定有液压油缸(18),液压油缸的活塞杆(2)的下端固定有压模(4),在机架的下部固定有另一液压油缸(10),另一液压油缸的另一活塞杆(9)上端固定有顶模(8),机架中部固定有模具外壳(7),在模具外壳上表面上安装有送料推砖装置(1),送料推转装置上面有下料箱(15)安装在机架上。 Sand brick machine, characterized in that it has a frame (5), the upper rack is fixed hydraulic cylinder (18), the lower end of the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder (2) is fixed die (4), the rack a lower portion fixed to the other hydraulic cylinder (10), the other piston rod of the other hydraulic cylinder (9) is fixed to the upper end of the top mold (8), the middle of the rack housing is fixed mold (7), is mounted on the upper surface of the die housing Push bricks have feeding device (1), the feed cranked device above a lower tank (15) is mounted on the rack.
  2. 2. 如权利要求l所述的沙土制砖机,其特征在于,在所述的送料推砖装置(1)上有安置在托杆(107)上的料箱(lll),料箱下面有托板(110),料箱上的推板(112)位于托板上面,料箱通过连接座(109)与第三液压油缸(106)的第三活塞杆(108)连接在一起。 2. sand brick machine as claimed in claim l, wherein there is a push feed tiles (1) are placed in the hopper prop rod (lll) (107) on the feed box below pallet (110), push on sheet metal box (112) is located above the pallet, bin by connecting seat (109) and the third hydraulic cylinder (106) of the third piston rod (108) are connected together.
  3. 3. 如权利要求1或2所述的沙土制砖机,其特征在于,它还有清洁刷(12)固定在第四液压油缸(14)的第四活塞杆(13)上,第四液压油缸位于第三液压油缸(106)的下方。 3. The sand brick machine according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that it also has a cleaning brush (12) is fixed to the fourth hydraulic cylinder (14) of the fourth piston rod (13), the fourth hydraulic cylinder located below the third hydraulic cylinder (106).
Description  translated from Chinese

沙土制砖机 Sand brick machine

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本实用新型提供了一种制砖机具。 [0001] The utility model provides a brick-making machinery.

背景技术 BACKGROUND

[0002] 目前,为保护耕地资源,国家限制用粘土烧砖。 [0002] Currently, in order to protect land resources, state restrictions on clay bricks. 而在黄河流域,含泥沙较多的黄河水会淤积下大量泥沙,这些泥沙淤积后会造成河道抬升,影响防汛安全。 In the Yellow River, the Yellow River water contains more sediment deposition will be under a lot of sediment, will cause rivers uplifting influence these silting flood safety. 有人曾把黄河泥沙用普通的制砖机制坯后,烧砖或用汽蒸的方法制砖,但需要消耗能源,生产成本较高。 It was once the Yellow River with ordinary blank brick mechanism, the brick or brick with a steaming method, but requires energy consumption, high production costs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本实用新型所要解决技术问题是,提供一种沙土制砖机,它能用沙土特别是黄河泥沙直接制砖。 [0003] The utility model technical problem to be solved is to provide a sand brick machine, it especially the Yellow River with sand brick directly.

[0004] 本实用新型是这样实现的,沙土制砖机,它有机架,机架上部固定有液压油缸,液压油缸的活塞杆的下端固定有压模,在机架的下部固定有另一液压油缸,另一液压油缸的另一活塞杆上端固定有顶模,机架中部固定有模具外壳,在模具外壳上表面上安装有送料推砖装置,送料推转装置上面有下料箱安装在机架上。 [0004] The utility model is achieved, sand brick machine, it has a rack, fixed upper hydraulic cylinder, the lower end of the hydraulic cylinder piston rod fixed to die, in the lower part of the frame is fixed to the other hydraulic cylinders, the upper end of another rod hydraulic cylinder is fixed another top mold, the middle rack fixed mold shell, the shell mold is installed on the upper surface of the feeding device to push tiles, feeding cranked device above a tank mounted under rack.

[0005] 采用上述结构的沙土制砖机,可用黄河泥沙等沙土为原料直接制砖,充分利用了丰富的黄河泥沙资源,避免了粘土砖生产对耕地的破坏,生产过程中不需要耗费能源,生产成本低。 [0005] With the above structure of sand brick machine, available in the Yellow River and other raw materials for direct sand brick, full use of the abundant resources in the Yellow River silt, clay brick production to avoid the destruction of farmland, the production process does not need to spend energy, low production cost.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0006] 图1是本实用新型结构的示意图。 [0006] Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the utility model. [0007] 图2是图1的A向局部视图。 [0007] Figure 2 is a detail view of A 1.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0008] 下面结合附图给出的实施例说明本实用新型的具体结构。 [0008] The following figures given in connection with the embodiment described the specific structure of the utility model.

[0009] 如附图所示,本实用新型之沙土制砖机,其特征在于,它有机架5,机架上部固定有液压油缸18,液压油缸的活塞杆2的下端固定有压模4,在机架的下部固定有另一液压油缸10,另一液压油缸的另一活塞杆9上端固定有顶模8,机架中部固定有模具外壳7,在模具外壳上表面上安装有送料推砖装置l,送料推转装置上面有下料箱15安装在机架上。 [0009] As shown in the drawings, the utility model of sand brick machine, characterized in that it has a rack 5, the upper rack fixed to the hydraulic cylinder 18, the lower end of the hydraulic cylinder piston rod is fixed 2 die 4 In the lower part of the frame is fixed to the other hydraulic cylinder 10, and the other another hydraulic cylinder piston rod fixed to the top of the upper mold 9 8, middle rack fixed to the shell mold 7, the mold on the surface of the housing is mounted push feed Brick device l, feeding cranked device above a lower bin 15 is mounted on the rack. [0010] 使用时,将黄河泥沙或其它沙土、石膏粉、硫酸钙等原料搅拌混合后,经下料箱、送料推砖装置送入模具外壳内,再启动液压油缸、另一液压油缸,压模、顶模分别向下、向上进入模具外壳,对原料进行挤压,成形后压模退回,制成的砖进一步被顶模上举,当砖的底面与模具外壳上表面平行时,送料推砖装置动作,将砖推出。 [0010] When used, the Yellow River silt or other sand, gypsum, calcium sulfate material after mixing, the next bin, feeding device to push the brick shell into the mold, and then start the hydraulic cylinder, hydraulic cylinder to another, stamper, respectively, top mold downwardly, upwardly into the mold shell, extruding the raw material, after molding stamper returned brick made further top mold on the move, when the surface parallel to the bottom surface of the brick and the mold housing, feeding Push bricks device movement, brick launch. 此后,每天对砖浇水1次,6-8天后制得成品。 Since then, every brick watering 1, 6-8 days to obtain the finished product. 显然,送料推砖装置的结构可有多种,只要能完成送料、推砖的动作即可。 Obviously, feeding device to push the brick structure can have a variety, as long as feeding, pushing bricks action can be. [0011] 在所述的送料推砖装置1上有安置在托杆107上的料箱111,料箱下面有托板110,料箱上的推板112位于托板上面,料箱通过连接座109与第三液压油缸106的第三活塞杆108连接在一起。 [0011] There are on the feed means 1 to push bricks arranged on the catcher rod 107 of the bin 111, the bin underneath the pallet 110, the push plate 112 on the bin tray located above the feed tank through a connecting base 109 are connected together with a third hydraulic cylinder piston rod 108 106 third. 料箱的靠近模具端为平面。 Bin adjacent the mold end is flat. 使用过程中,下料箱内的物料落到料箱下面的托板上,第三液压油缸通过连接座带动料箱前移,推板随之前移,将托板上的物料推入模具外壳内,完成送料。 During use, cutting the material inside the hopper falls below the pallet, a third hydraulic cylinder driven by connecting the seat forward bins, along with forward push plate, push the material into the mold pallet on the housing complete feed. 在前移过程中,料箱靠近模具端的平面先将被顶模上举出来的上次制成的砖向前推出。 Last bricks made in advancing the process, bins near the mold was the top end of the first plane out of the mold on the move forward soon. 在料箱的靠近模具端还可以有专门设置的推砖板6,以提高推砖效果。 Bins near the end of the mold can also have a special set of push brick panels 6, in order to improve the effect of pushing the brick.

[0012] 它还有清洁刷12固定在第四液压油缸14的第四活塞杆13上,第四液压油缸位于第三液压油缸106的下方。 [0012] It also has a cleaning brush 12 is fixed to the fourth hydraulic cylinder piston rod 14 of 13 fourth, fourth hydraulic cylinder located below the third hydraulic cylinder 106. 利用第四液压油缸带动清洁刷前移,清洁刷从压模之间的模具外壳上表面刷过,可将制砖过程中从压模与模具外壳之间漏出的少量物料清理掉。 Using the fourth hydraulic drive forward cleaning brush, cleaning brush from the mold between the surface casing die brush can be brick making process between the die and mold shell from leaking a small amount of material to clean out. [0013] 压模的上部可穿过导杆3,以提高压模上、下运动的稳定性。 [0013] an upper die may be passed through the guide rod 3, in order to improve the stamper, stability of movement. 托杆的后端可连接有支杆ll,第三液压油缸106、第四液压油缸14可分别固定在支杆上。 Backend prop rod may be connected to a strut ll, third hydraulic cylinder 106, the fourth hydraulic cylinder 14 may be secured to the pole, respectively. 在料箱的后箱体104内可安装有电动机103,电动机的轴102的前端安装有多个拨动齿IOI,拨动齿随电动机的轴转动时,可将料箱内的物料搅拌混合,提高制砖原料的一致性。 In the feed tank 104 may be mounted after the motor housing 103, the front end of the motor shaft 102 is mounted a plurality of toggle teeth IOI, when struck with the teeth of the motor shaft is rotated, the material can be stirred and mixed inside the material, improve the consistency of raw brick. 在料箱下部可有行走轮105 安装在托杆107的上面,以提高料箱移动的轻便性。 In the lower part of the tank may have road wheels 105 mounted thereon catcher rod 107, in order to improve the portability of mobile tank. 在下料箱15内可安装有转轴16,转轴上固定有拨齿17,转轴可与下料箱体外的电动机连接在一起。 Next tank 15 can be mounted with the shaft 16 is fixed on the shaft tooth dial 17, the shaft can be connected together with the cutting motor outside the box. 拨齿随转轴转动时,可提高下料的顺畅性。 When the dial rotates with the shaft teeth can improve the smoothness of cutting.

[0014] 各液压油缸可通过控制机构进行工作,按顺序带动活塞杆伸出或縮回,完成制砖的各个动作。 [0014] Each hydraulic control mechanism can work through, in order to drive the piston rod extends or retracts to complete each action brick. 这种控制机构为已有技术,不再详述。 This control mechanism for prior art, not elaborate.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN104155159B *1 Aug 20148 Feb 2017黑龙江八农垦大学一种精细土壤制样装置
CN104626364A *15 Feb 201520 May 2015盛文领Automatic-control mixed concrete feeder
CN104626364B *15 Feb 201525 Jan 2017中州大学自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器
Classifications
International ClassificationB28B7/10, B28B3/02
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
14 Jul 2010C14Granted
11 Dec 2013C17Cessation of patent right