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Publication numberCN1575782 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 200410034311
Publication date9 Feb 2005
Filing date9 Apr 2004
Priority date1 Jul 2003
Also published asEP1493398A1, EP1493398B1, US7648360, US20050003319, US20060073437, US20080032248
Publication number200410034311.6, CN 1575782 A, CN 1575782A, CN 200410034311, CN-A-1575782, CN1575782 A, CN1575782A, CN200410034311, CN200410034311.6
Inventors埃里克库奥
Applicant矫正技术公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Dental appliance sequence ordering system and method
CN 1575782 A
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明提供一种向病人提供牙科器械、特别是牙齿矫正器械的系统和方法。 The present invention provides a method of providing dental equipment to patients, particularly systems and methods orthodontic devices. 其中,病人可以很容易确定器械应该佩戴的次序。 Among them, the patient can easily determine the equipment should be worn in order. 典型的是,器械按特定顺序佩戴用以提供想要的治疗,譬如通过各种排列而使牙齿不断运动从而达到最终想要的排列。 Typically, the device in a specific order to provide the wearer treatment desired, such as by leaving the various arrangements of teeth in constant motion so as to achieve a final desired arrangement.
Claims(12)  translated from Chinese
1.一种牙齿矫正器械系统,包括:多个设计用于连续移动牙齿的牙科器械,其中多个器械通过标明次序的链相连,病人按照这个次序佩戴每个牙齿矫正器械用以提供牙齿矫正治疗。 An orthodontic instrument system, comprising: a plurality of teeth designed for continuously moving a dental instrument, wherein the plurality of devices connected to the order indicated by a chain, in this order patients wearing orthodontic devices each for providing orthodontic treatment .
2.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述器械在通过接缝孔相连的封装中,撕开接缝孔各封装就能分离。 2. The system according to claim, wherein the device is connected to the package through the perforations, the perforations tear can be separated from each package.
3.如权利要求1所述的系统,其中所述器械通过一个框架相连,其中多个牙科器械中的每一个都可去除地连接在框架的一部分上。 3. The system according to claim, wherein the device is connected through a frame, wherein the plurality of dental instruments can be removably connected to each of the part of the frame.
4.如权利要求3所述的系统,还含有至少一个在框架上的标记,该标记标明病人佩戴器械的次序。 4. The system of claim 3, further comprising at least one mark on the frame, which is marked in such a patient wearing the order of instruments.
5.如前述权利要求任一项所述的系统,在指明首先佩戴的牙科器械的链的末端还含有一个在包装或器械上的标记。 5. The system of any one of the preceding claims, the end of the chain is worn on a specified first dental instrument further includes a mark on the packaging or the instrument.
6.如前述权利要求任一项所述的系统,其中所述多个牙科器械中的每一个都包含一个带空腔的聚合壳,该空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列有弹性地矫正到相继的排列。 6. The system according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the plurality of dental instruments each comprising a polymeric shell with a cavity, the cavity is shaped to accommodate the teeth and the teeth are arranged from one elastically corrected to successive order.
7.一种牙齿矫正器械系统,包括:多个牙科器械,其中多个牙科器械中的至少一些器械包括一个指明次序的无数字标识,病人按照这个次序佩戴所述至少一些器械的每一个,用以提供牙齿治疗,其中,该标识是从由空腔组成的组中选择的,所述空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列有弹性地矫正到相继排列;在每个聚合壳中长度不同的末端牙齿空腔;每个聚合壳的不同的高度;一个或多个切口,以便每个聚合壳都有不同的切口形式;一个位于器械边缘的凹槽;以及一个计算机可读元件。 An orthodontic instrument system, comprising: a plurality of dental instruments, dental instruments in which a plurality of devices including at least some of a sequence of non-specified digital ID, patient wearing in this order for each of said at least some of the devices, with to provide a dental treatment, wherein, the identity is selected from the group consisting of the cavity, said cavity shaped to accommodate the teeth and the teeth from one arrangement to a successive correction resiliently arranged; in each case in the polymerization each polymeric shell of different heights;; different lengths of the end of one or more notches tooth cavity, so that each has a different polymeric shell forms incisions; a recess located in the edge device; and a computer-readable element.
8.一种向病人分发牙科器械的方法,包括:提供多个封装,其中每个封装包含一个带有空腔的聚合壳,所述空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列有弹性地矫正到相继的排列;所述多个封装包括第一个封装和第二个封装,第一个封装包含病人佩戴的第一个壳,以便将牙齿从一种排列矫正到相继的排列,而第二个封装包含病人佩戴的第二个壳,以便将牙齿从该相继的排列矫正到另一个相继的排列;通过远程递送系统在指定时间将第一个封装递送给病人;以及通过远程递送系统在稍后的指定时间将第二个封装发送给病人。 A distributing a dental appliance to a patient, comprising: providing a plurality of packages each comprising a polymeric shell encapsulating with a cavity, said cavity shaped to accommodate the teeth from one tooth arrangement and flexible corrected to successive order; the package includes a plurality of first and second package package, the first package includes the first patient to wear a shell in order to correct the teeth from one arrangement to a successive arrangement, and The second package includes the patient to wear a second case, in order to correct the successive tooth arrangement to another in succession from the arrangement; through remote delivery system at a specified time first package delivered to the patient; and through remote delivery system at a specified time later the second package is sent to the patient.
9.一种向病人分发牙科器械的方法,包括:提供一个包含多个牙科器械的分发器,其中每个器械包括一个带有空腔的聚合壳,所述空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列有弹性地矫正到相继的排列;所述多个器械包括第一个壳和第二个壳,其中第一个壳由病人佩戴以便使牙齿从一种排列矫正到相继的排列,第二个壳由病人佩戴以便使牙齿从该相继的排列矫正到另一个相继的排列;以及把第一个壳从分发器中移出,其中第一个壳的去除使第二个壳分发。 9. A method for distributing a dental appliance to a patient, comprising: providing a dispenser comprising a plurality of dental instruments, wherein each device comprises a polymeric shell having a cavity, said cavity shaped to accommodate the teeth and the teeth from one arrangement to a successive correction resiliently arranged; said plurality of devices comprises a first housing and a second housing, wherein the first shell to be worn by the patient's teeth from one arrangement to a successive arrangement of the correction, The second shell worn by the patient so that the orthodontist from the successive arrangement to another successive order; and the first shell is removed from the dispenser, where the removal of the first case of the second one shell distribution.
10.一种向病人分发牙科器械的方法,包括:提供一个包含多个牙科器械的分发器,其中每个器械包括一个带有空腔的聚合壳,所述空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列有弹性地矫正到相继的排列;所述多个器械包括第一个壳和第二个壳,其中第一个壳由病人佩戴以便使牙齿从一种排列矫正到相继的排列,第二个壳由病人佩戴以便使牙齿从该相继的排列矫正到另一个相继的排列;以及把第一个壳从分发器中移出;以及驱动一个执行机构随即分发第二个壳。 10. A method for distributing a dental appliance to a patient, comprising: providing a dispenser comprising a plurality of dental instruments, wherein each device comprises a polymeric shell having a cavity, said cavity shaped to accommodate the teeth and the teeth from one arrangement to a successive correction resiliently arranged; said plurality of devices comprises a first housing and a second housing, wherein the first shell to be worn by the patient's teeth from one arrangement to a successive arrangement of the correction, The second shell worn by the patient so that the orthodontist from the successive arrangement to another successive order; and the first shell is removed from the dispenser; and an actuator drive immediately distribute a second shell.
11.一种牙科器械封装系统,包括:多个构造为储存至少一个牙科器械的封装,其中每个封装都含有一个带有无数字标识的标签,用以标明相应牙科器械的使用顺序。 11. A dental instrument packaging system, comprising: a plurality configured to store at least one dental instrument package, where each package contains a label with no digital identity, and to indicate the appropriate order of use of dental instruments.
12.如权利要求11所述的系统,其中标签含有一系列数字和无数字标识,其中数字标识包括在一个或一系列数字上的标记,并且无数字标识包括除去数字中的某一个。 12. The system of claim 11, wherein the label contains a series of digital and non digital ID, which include digital identification mark in one or a series of numbers, and no digital identity includes removing digital in one.
Description  translated from Chinese
牙科器械顺序排序系统和方法 Dental instruments order sorting system and method

技术领域 Technical Field

本发明通常涉及到正牙学相关领域。 The present invention relates generally to orthodontic related fields. 更特别的是,本发明涉及到用于为病人按次序分发一套牙齿矫正器械的方法和系统。 More particularly, the present invention relates to methods and systems for patient-order distribution of a set of orthodontic devices.

背景技术 Background

为了牙齿美观或其它原因而进行牙齿矫正,通常是通过佩戴一般称为“牙套”的器械来实现。 For aesthetic or other reasons, the teeth were orthodontics, typically worn by generally known as "braces" instrument to achieve. 牙套由一套器械组成,包括支架、拱形金属丝、绷带和O形圈。 Braces by a set of devices, including stents, arch wire, bandages and O-rings. 给病人的牙齿安装这种器械是一个令人乏味而耗费时间的事情,并且需要接受正牙治疗医生的多次诊断。 To the patient's teeth installation of such equipment is a tedious and time-consuming thing, and the need to accept many doctors diagnose orthodontic treatment. 因而,传统的正牙术疗法限制了正牙医生的耐心并且导致正牙治疗费非常昂贵。 Thus, the conventional orthodontic treatment technique limits the orthodontist patient and lead to orthodontic treatment costs are very expensive. 而且从病人的角度而言,佩戴牙套不美观而且不舒服,并有感染的危险,还使刷牙、用牙线以及其他牙齿卫生操作程序变得较难实现。 And from the patient's point of view, unsightly and uncomfortable to wear braces, and the risk of infection, also makes brushing, flossing and become more difficult to achieve other dental hygiene procedures.

因此,矫正牙齿的可选择的其它方法和系统得到发展。 Therefore, straightening teeth other alternative methods and systems developed. 例如牙齿矫正工作可以通过使用包括一套矫正器械的系统来完成。 Such as orthodontic work can be done using the system include an orthotic to complete. 该矫正器械可以在一个空腔中容纳牙齿以及以至少三个连续步骤来逐步矫正个别牙齿。 The orthotic can accommodate a cavity and teeth of at least three consecutive steps to gradually correct the individual teeth. 通常,牙齿矫正方法和系统需要十到二十五个连续步骤,但是涉及病人许多颗牙齿的复杂病例可能需要四十或更多个步骤。 Typically, orthodontic methods and systems require ten to twenty-five successive steps, but complex cases involving many patients teeth may need to be forty or more steps. 单独矫正器械的典型特征是包括一个具有牙齿容纳腔的聚合壳,牙齿容纳腔在聚合壳里模制成形。 Individual orthotics typical features include a receiving chamber having dental polymeric shell containing cavities in the teeth molded polymeric shell. 大量类似器械的连续使用允许每个器械成形为使个别牙齿能稍许移动。 A large number of continuous use similar equipment allows each instrument shaped to individual teeth can be moved slightly.

该系统的典型特征是在治疗开始便定制计划以及制造好所有的独立器械。 A typical feature of the system is a customized plan and will create a good all of the individual instruments in the beginning of treatment. 这样,这些器械便可成套提供给病人。 Thus, these instruments can be provided to the patient sets. 使用器械的顺序用数字直接标在器械或标签、包装袋或附加在每个器械上或封装每个器械的其他物品上,以使病人可以按顺序为自己的牙齿安装器械,并由矫正牙医或其他治疗专家经常复查。 Use of equipment order with digital devices or directly marked on the label, packaging bags for each additional package of other items on each instrument or on the instrument or to the patient can be in the order of their teeth install equipment by a dentist or correction Other therapists often review. 当牙齿接近(在预定偏差内)或达到治疗阶段的目标排列,需要更换后续器械。 When teeth close (within a predetermined deviation) or reach the target arrangement treatment phase, follow-up instruments need to be replaced. 典型病例是每隔2天到20天更换一次,一般是间隔5天到10天。 A typical case is to replace every two days to 20 days, generally at intervals of 5 days to 10 days.

通常,最优选的是为病人简化程序以使病人遵从医嘱并减少病人在执行治疗方案中的失误。 Typically, most preferably a simplified procedure for the patient to make patient adherence and reduce errors in the implementation of patient treatment plan. 因此,希望应用打包或排序系统,以一种可清楚辨别器械顺序的方式为病人提供器械。 It is therefore desirable application packaging or sorting systems to clearly identify the instrument a sequential manner to provide equipment to the patient. 此外,类似的打包或排序系统对于在治疗中途改变治疗方案应该是可修正的,在最初提出或包装一套器械之后可能补充或减少器械。 In addition, a similar sort of system for packaging or change in treatment regimen midway should be amended, supplemented, or may reduce the initial instrument after instrument made or packaged set. 其中至少有一些目标将通过下述本发明的方法或系统来实现。 Wherein at least some of the goals will be achieved by the following method or system of the present invention.

相关技术文献在Am.J.Orthod.Oral.Surg.31期297-304页(1945)和32期285-293页(1946)中,凯瑟琳(Kesling)描述了用于完成牙齿矫正治疗的牙齿定位器。 Relevant technical literature in Am.J.Orthod.Oral.Surg.31 of 297-304 pages (1945) and 32 pages 285-293 (1946), Catherine (Kesling) describes a tooth positioned for completion of orthodontic treatment device. 在J.Clin.Orthod23期694-700页中,Warunek等人描述了用于病人牙齿的全面畸齿矫正重新排列的硅树脂定位器的应用。 In J.Clin.Orthod23 of 694-700 pages, Warunek et al. Describe silicone positioners for the comprehensive orthodontic patient teeth rearranged applications. Raintree Essix公司(路易斯安娜州,新奥尔良市,,邮编70125)和TRU-Tain整形外科(明尼苏达州,罗彻斯特市,邮编55902)将清洁塑料牙齿托架作为商业应用,这种牙架可以完成和保持牙齿位置。 Raintree Essix Company (Louisiana, New Orleans ,, zip code 70125) and TRU-Tain Plastic Surgery (Minnesota, Rochester, zip code 55902) to clean the plastic tooth tray for commercial applications, this tooth rack can complete and maintain the position of the teeth. 美国专利5,186,623;5,059,118;5,055,039;5,035,613;4,856,991;4,798,534和4,755,139描述了牙齿矫正定位器的制造。 U.S. Patents 5,186,623; 5,059,118; 5,055,039; 5,035,613; 4,856,991; 4,798,534 and 4,755,139 describe the manufacture of orthodontic retainer.

其它描述牙齿定位器的制造和应用的出版物包括Kleemann和Janssen(1996),J.Clin.Orthodon.30期673-680页;Cureton(1996),J.Clin.Orthodon.30期390-395页;Chiappone(1980),J.Clin.Orthodon.14期121-133页;Shilliday(1971),Am.J.Orthodontics59期596-599页;Wells(1970),Am.J.Orthodontics58期351-366页;和Cottingham(1969),Am.J.Orthodontics55期23-31页。 Other descriptions of dental locator manufacture and application publications include Kleemann and Janssen (1996), J.Clin.Orthodon.30 of 673-680 pages; Cureton (1996), J.Clin.Orthodon.30 of 390-395 pages ; Chiappone (1980), J.Clin.Orthodon.14 of 121-133 pages; Shilliday (1971), Am.J.Orthodontics59 of 596-599 pages; Wells (1970), Am.J.Orthodontics58 of 351-366 pages ; and Cottingham (1969), Am.J.Orthodontics55 of 23-31 pages.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

本发明提供了为病人提供牙科器械、特别是牙齿矫正器械的系统和方法,由此病人可以轻松确定应该佩戴的器械的顺序。 The present invention provides a method for providing patients with dental equipment, particularly orthodontic appliance system and method, whereby the patient can easily determine the order should wear the device. 典型地,器械需按特定次序佩戴以提供理想治疗,譬如牙齿逐渐的移动通过许多排列达到最后的理想排列。 Typically, appliances basis having to wear a particular order to provide the desired treatment, such as teeth gradually moving final ideal arrangement arrangement reached by many.

本发明的第一方面,提供一种牙科器械系统,包括许多牙科器械,其中至少一些包括无数字的标记,这些标记指明病人要佩戴的至少部分矫正器械的次序从而提供牙齿治疗方法。 The first aspect of the present invention, there is provided a dental instrument system, comprising a number of dental instruments, which include at least some non-numeric tags that indicate the order of the correction device to be worn by the patient so as to provide at least part of dental treatment. 典型地,每一个牙科器械都包括一个具有空腔的聚合壳,所述空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列弹性地矫正到相继的排列。 Typically, each of the dental appliance comprises a polymeric shell having a cavity, said cavity shaped to accommodate the teeth from a dental appliance and arranged to resiliently successive order. 典型地,在美国专利5,975,893号中描述了这些牙科器械的实施例,并作为参考包含在本文中。 Typically, in U.S. Patent No. 5,975,893 describes examples of these dental instruments and incorporated by reference herein. 在一些实施例中,每一个聚合壳都至少有一个末端牙齿空腔,并且标记包括每个聚合壳中的不同长度的末端牙齿空腔。 In some embodiments, each polymeric shell has at least one end of the tooth cavity, the tooth cavity and the end of each marking comprises polymeric shell of different lengths. 在其它实施例中,每一个聚合壳有一个高度,并且标记包括每一个聚合壳的不同的高度。 In other embodiments, each polymeric shell has a height, and each comprising a polymeric shell mark different heights.

另外一些实施例中,标记包括一个或多个切口,以使每个聚合壳都有一个不同的切口形式。 Other embodiments, the marker includes one or more notches, such that each polymeric shell has a cutout different forms. 有时切口包括在器械边缘的凹槽。 Sometimes incision comprises a recess in the edge of the instrument.

还有一些实施例中,标记是有色的,每个器械都是不同颜色。 In some embodiments, the label is colored, the color is different for each device. 譬如,器械的颜色可能是同一色调,不同深浅。 For example, the color of the instrument may be the same color, different shades. 颜料可能含有一些可溶解的染色剂。 Pigments may contain some soluble dye. 系统可能还包含可去除地附加在每个器械上的包装,每个包装都具有颜色。 The system may also contain removably attached to each instrument packages, each package has a color.

本发明的第二方面,提供一种打包的牙科器械系统,包含多个封装,每个封装包含一个牙科器械。 A second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a packaged dental appliance system, comprising a plurality of package, each package containing a dental instrument. 所述多个封装用连续的链相连,该链标明了病人为进行牙齿治疗而佩戴牙科器械的次序。 The multiple packages with a continuous chain connected to the chain to be marked with a patient dental treatment and dental instruments in order to wear. 有些情况中,每一个封装都用接缝孔相连,撕开接缝孔就能分开这些封装。 In some cases, each of the packages are connected by perforations, tear perforations will be able to separate the package. 在另外一些情况中,封装是用例如热封口连接的。 In other cases, for example, heat seal the package is connected. 而且,系统可能包括一个封装上的标记,这个标记位于链末端标明哪个是第一个佩戴的牙科器械。 Moreover, the system may include a mark on the package, the mark is indicated end of the chain which is the first to wear a dental appliance. 多个牙科器械中的每一个都可包含一个带空腔的聚合壳,所述空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列弹性地矫正到相继的排列。 Each of the plurality of dental instruments can contain a polymeric shell with a cavity, said cavity shaped to accommodate the teeth and the dental appliance from a resiliently arranged consecutively arranged.

本发明的第三个方面,提供一种牙科器械系统,由多个由病人佩戴用以提供牙齿治疗的牙科器械和一个框架组成。 A third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a system of dental instruments, dental instruments and provide a framework for the dental treatment consisting of a plurality worn by the patient. 其中每一个器械都是可拆的连接在框架的一部分上。 Wherein each device is removably connected to the part of the frame. 在有些实施例中,多个牙科器械的每一个都包含一个带空腔的聚合壳,所述空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列弹性地矫正到相继的排列。 In some embodiments, a plurality of dental instruments each comprising a polymeric shell with a cavity, said cavity shaped to accommodate the teeth from a dental appliance and arranged to resiliently successive order. 更多的是,系统可能在框架上至少包括一个标记,用以标明病人佩戴器械的次序。 More, the system may include at least one marker in the frame, to indicate the patient to wear equipment order.

本发明的第四方面提供了为病人分发牙科器械的方法。 The fourth aspect of the present invention provides a method for the patient distribution of dental instruments. 该方法包括提供多个封装的步骤,其中每一个封装都包含一个带空腔的聚合壳,所述空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列弹性地矫正到相继的排列。 The method includes the step of providing a plurality of package, wherein each package contains a polymeric shell with a cavity, said cavity shaped to accommodate the teeth and the dental appliance from a resiliently arranged consecutively arranged. 多个封装包括第一个封装和第二个封装。 Package includes a plurality of first package and the second package. 第一个封装包含病人佩戴的第一个聚合壳,以便将牙齿从一种排列矫正到相继的排列。 The first package includes the first patient to wear a polymeric shell, in order to correct the teeth from one arrangement to successive order. 第二个封装包含病人佩戴的第二个聚合壳,以便将牙齿从该相继的排列矫正到另一个相继的排列。 The second package includes the patient to wear a second polymeric shell, in order to orthodontics from the successive arrangement to another successive order. 该方法还包括一套步骤,通过远程分配系统在指定时间向病人分发第一个封装,通过远程分配系统在其后的指定时间分发第二个封装。 The method further comprises a step of distributing a package by the first remote distribution system to a patient at a specified time, the second package in the distribution of a specified time thereafter through the remote dispensing system. 在大多数实施例中,远程分配系统由一个邮件投递系统组成。 In most embodiments, the remote distribution system consists of a mail delivery system.

本发明的第五方面提供一种向病人分发牙科器械的方法。 The fifth aspect of the present invention provides a method of dental equipment distribution to patients. 该方法包括提供一个含有一套牙科器械的分发器。 The method includes providing a dispenser comprising a dental appliance. 这里,每一个牙科器械包含一个带空腔的聚合壳,所述空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列有弹性地矫正到相继的排列。 Here, each of the dental appliance comprises a polymeric shell with a cavity, said cavity shaped to accommodate the teeth and the teeth from one arrangement to a successive correction resiliently arranged. 这一套牙科器械包括病人佩戴的第一个和第二个壳,其中第一个壳使牙齿从一种排列矫正到相继的排列,第二个壳使牙齿从该相继的排列矫正到另一个相继的排列。 This set of dental instruments including the patient wearing the first and second housing, wherein the first shell of the teeth from one arrangement to correct successive order, a second shell so orthodontics from the successive arrangement to another successive order. 这一方法还可以把第一个聚合壳从分发器中移动出来,其中第一个壳的去除使第二个壳得以分发。 This method also can be moved from the first polymeric shell out the dispenser, which allows the removal of the first housing to the second housing distribution.

本发明的最后一方面是提供一种向病人分发牙科器械的方法,该方法包括提供一个含有一套牙科器械的分发器。 The last aspect of the present invention to provide a method for distributing a dental appliance to a patient, the method comprising providing a dispenser comprising a dental appliance. 这里,每一个牙科器械都包含一个带空腔的聚合壳,所述空腔成形为容纳牙齿并将牙齿从一种排列有弹性地矫正到相继的排列。 Here, each dental equipment contains a polymeric shell with a cavity, the cavity is shaped to accommodate the teeth from one tooth and arranged to resiliently correct successive order. 这一套牙科器械包括病人佩戴的第一个和第二个聚合壳,其中第一个壳使牙齿从一种排列矫正到相继的排列,第二个壳使牙齿从该相继的排列矫正到另一个相继的排列。 This set of dental instruments including the patient wearing the first and second polymeric shell, wherein the first shell of the teeth from one arrangement to correct successive order, a second shell so orthodontics from the successive arrangement to another a successive arrangement. 这个方法还包括将第一个壳从分发器中移出,并驱使执行机构随即分发第二个壳。 The method further includes the first shell is removed from the dispenser, and then distribute the actuator drives the second shell. 在大多数实施例中,执行机构包括杠杆、旋钮或按钮。 In most embodiments, the actuator comprises a lever, knob or button.

附图说明 Brief Description

图1是成链形分配的一套矫正器械的示意图。 Figure 1 is a schematic view of chain-shaped distribution of a correction instrument.

图2举例说明了分配在框架上的一套矫正器械。 Figure 2 illustrates the distribution of the frame set orthotics.

图3举例说明了在分发器中提供给病人的一套矫正器械。 Figure 3 illustrates the distribution provided to the patient in an orthotic device.

图4A至4B举例说明了一套器械的矫正器之间的末端牙齿空腔的长度的变化。 4A to 4B illustrate the change in the end of the dental appliance cavity between an instrument length.

图5A至5B举例说明了一套器械的矫正器之间高度的变化。 5A to 5B illustrate a variation in the height between the set of aligner instrument.

图6A至6B举例说明了在每个矫正器械中为标明次序而附加的切口。 6A to 6B illustrate each orthotic in order to indicate which additional incisions.

图7A至7C举例说明标明次序的颜色的变化。 7A to 7C illustrate changes in the order indicated color.

图8举例说明了以理想次序来递送器械的一种方法的实施例。 Figure 8 illustrates an embodiment in order to deliver a desired method of instrument.

图9举例说明了一个包括一个植入器械中的易读元件的牙科器械。 Figure 9 illustrates an apparatus comprises a read element implanted in the dental equipment.

图10举例说明了一套封装12,每一个封装都有一个标签,每个标签包括至少一个无数字的标记。 Figure 10 illustrates a package 12, each package has a label, each label includes at least one non-numeric tag.

图11举例说明了本发明的一包牙科器械。 Figure 11 illustrates a pack of dental devices of this invention.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

可以理解的是牙科器械能整套的、成组的或者单独的全部分发给病人。 It is understood that a full set of dental instruments can, group, or individual whole section to patients. 如果治疗计划相对较短、病人非常遵从医嘱或非常方便指定一些器械,那么在治疗开始就将整套器械提供给病人是可行的。 If the treatment plan is relatively short, very patient adherence or very easy to specify some equipment, then the start of treatment will be provided to the patient the whole instrument is feasible. 在这种情况下,这套器械应该是有序的,以便病人在需要时能很容易选择下一个器械。 In this case, this equipment should be ordered so that when the patient needs can easily select the next instrument. 这样的次序可能通过封装或器械本身来标明。 This order by the package or the device itself may be identified. 在有些情况下,在治疗方案中病人可能收到一些包含序列的附加器械,并且/或者病人可能收到一些指示以便把某些初始器械从治疗方案中除去。 In some cases, the treatment regimen may receive some patients comprising a sequence of additional equipment and / or the patient may receive some instruction in order to remove some equipment from the initial treatment regimen. 因此,这样的次序应该允许比较容易的加入附加器械或者除去器械。 Thus, in this order should allow easy removal of adding additional equipment or instruments.

或者,可以为病人提供整套器械中的一个子集,譬如前十个器械。 Or you can provide the entire instrument in a subset of patients, such as the top ten instruments. 在这种情况下,该子集应该是有序的,以便病人在需要时能很容易按次序选择下一个器械。 In this case, the subset should be ordered so that when the patient needs to be able to easily select the next device in sequence. 再者,这样的次序应该通过包装或者器械本身标识。 Furthermore, in this order should be identified through the packaging or the instrument itself. 该病人在使用包含在该序列中的子集器械时可能收到一些附加器械,并且/或者病人可能收到一些指示以便把某些原始器械从子集器械中除去。 You may receive some additional equipment when the patients included in the sequence using a subset of devices, and / or the patient may receive some instruction in order to remove some of the original instruments from the subset of the equipment in. 或者,下一子集器械可能和在治疗方案开始时确定的器械不同。 Or, the next subset of instruments and in the treatment program may begin to identify different instruments. 因此,这样的次序应该能很容易在子集器械内或子集器械之间加入附加器械或者除去器械。 Thus, in this order we should be able to easily between devices within a subset or subsets adding additional instrument or device to remove the instrument.

进一步说,可以按器械应该使用的次序向病人提供独立的器械。 Furthermore, the instrument can be used in order to provide patients with an independent instrument. 在这种情况下,器械应该是有序的,以便病人能够很容易区分他们已经收到的器械和正在收到的器械。 In this case, the instrument should be ordered so that the patient can easily distinguish the instruments that they have received and are receiving instrument. 再者,这样的次序可以通过包装或者器械本身标识。 Furthermore, in this order by the packaging or the instrument itself identified. 此外,这样的次序应该能够使器械在牙齿矫正医生最小关注的情况下按正确的顺序储藏起来以及分发给病人。 In addition, this order should enable the instrument in the case of minimal concern orthodontist correct sequence stored up and distributed to patients.

下面将描述排序系统和方法的各种实施例。 The following will describe the various sorting system and method embodiments. 在第一个实施例中,一套器械以一个连续链的方式分发给病人,在这里,器械按这条链的次序使用。 In a first embodiment, a set of instruments to a continuous chain of distribution to a patient manner, where the instrument according to the order of the chain to use. 图1示意性地表示了这种链的一个例子。 Figure 1 schematically shows an example of such a chain. 这里,每个器械10被放置在封装12中,其中封装12连接在一起形成一个连续链。 Here, each of the instrument 10 is placed in a package 12, wherein the package 12 are connected together to form a continuous chain. 在这个实施例中,每个封装12可以在接缝孔14处与链上剩余的封装12相分离。 In this embodiment, each package 12 may be separated from the perforations 14 and the rest of the package on the chain 12. 可以理解的是,封装可能以任何合适的方式连接并且/或者分离,包括采用粘合剂、热封口、超声焊接法、连锁或剪切、切断或分离的简单指示等等。 It is appreciated that the package may be connected in any suitable manner and / or separation, including using an adhesive, heat sealing, ultrasonic welding, or cut the chain, cut or separated and so simple instructions. 为了标明开始使用的链的末端,应在封装12或器械10上设一个标记。 To indicate the end of the chain to start using, shall have a mark on the package 12 or 10 instruments. 例如,如图示一个彩色标记16置于封装12a的末端。 For example, a colored marker 16 as illustrated package 12a is placed at the end. 这将标明第一个器械10a被装入封套。 This will mark the first instrument 10a is loaded envelope. 一旦第一个器械10a从封装12a中移出并且佩戴了一段指定的时间,病人可以打开链中的下一个封装12b并取出器械10b佩戴。 Once the first instrument is removed from the package 12a, 10a and wearing a specified period of time, the patient can open the chain in the next package 12b and 10b worn out instruments. 这个过程重复贯穿整个链。 This process is repeated throughout the chain.

在另外的实施例中,如图2所示,一套器械10放置在框架20上,例如铸道。 In a further embodiment, shown in Figure 2, a device 10 is placed on the frame 20, e.g. sprue. 铸道典型的是用于在物品开始使用前保护物品,譬如模型物品。 Sprue typically used to protect Before you begin using items such as model items. 器械10以任何合适的方式被框架20保存。 The instrument 10 in any suitable manner to save the frame 20. 然后器械10根据治疗方案从框架20中移出。 Then the device 10 is removed from the frame 20 according to the treatment plan. 譬如,第一个使用的器械10a可能放置在框架20的一个末端,第二个器械10b紧挨着第一个器械10a放置,这个次序沿着框架20延续。 For example, the first device 10a used may be placed at one end of the frame 20, the second device 10b next to the first device 10a is placed, in this order along the frame 20 continues. 作为选择或者另外地,标记可以放置在框架20上或器械10自身上用于标明使用次序。 Alternatively or additionally, the marker may be placed on the frame 20 or the device 10 is used to designate the use of the order itself.

在另外的实施例中,如图3所示,一套器械10放在一个分发器30中提供给病人。 In a further embodiment, shown in Figure 3, a device 10 is placed in a dispenser 30 provided to the patient. 该分发器30按次序分发器械10,以便使用。 The dispenser 30 sequentially distributed instrument 10 for use. 每个器械10可能如图所示独立分发,或者每个器械10组成一个封装,其中封装被独立分发。 Each instrument shown in FIG. 10 may independently distribute, or each instrument 10 to form a package in which the package is distributed independently. 分发器30可能包括一个执行机构32,譬如旋钮、按钮或开关等,以便执行机构32驱动后能分发器械10或含有器械10的封装。 Dispenser 30 may include an actuator 32, such as knobs, buttons or switches, after the actuator 32 for driving the instrument 10 or capable distribution package containing the instrument 10. 作为选择地,器械10从分发器30中移出便可以驱动下一个器械10的分发。 Alternatively, the device 10 is removed from the dispenser 30 can be driven distribute next instrument 10. 采用这种方式,可以按照预先设定的使用次序系统向病人分发器械。 In this manner, according to a predefined order system to a patient using the device to distribute.

有些情况下希望特别标识器械自身。 In some cases we want to specifically identified instrument itself. 这样的标识保证器械次序在器械从任何封装中移出之后和使用期间都可辨别。 Order to ensure that such identification instrument after instrument is removed from any package and during use can be identified. 例如,每个器械的一部分都可能改变以标明次序。 For example, a portion of each instrument is subject to change in the order indicated. 图4A-4B表示随末端牙齿空腔40长度的变化引起的器械10长度的变化。 Figure 4A-4B shows change with the length of the ends of the teeth 40 of the cavity 10 due to the length of the instrument. 末端牙齿空腔40是器械中末端牙齿中的一个。 The end of the tooth cavity 40 is the end of the instrument in the teeth in one. 图4A表示第一个器械10a,其中标记过的末端牙齿空腔40a具有特定的长度。 4A shows a first device 10a, which marked the end of the tooth cavity 40a having a specific length. 图4B表示第二个器械10b,其中标记过的末端牙齿空腔40b具有不同于第一个器械10a的长度。 Figure 4B shows a second instrument 10b, which marked the end of the tooth cavity 40b has a different length of the first devices 10a. 这里,标记过的的末端牙齿空腔40b长度较短。 Here, it marked the end of the shorter length of the tooth cavity 40b. 长度在整个器械次序中不断变化。 The length of the entire instrument in changing order. 作为选择或另外地,其它末端牙齿的长度也可能不同。 Alternatively or additionally, the other end of the length of the teeth may also differ.

图5A-5B表示通过每个器械10的高度的变化以标识次序。 Figures 5A-5B represented by the variation in the height of each of the instrument 10 to identify the order. 器械10的高度是咬合面46到器械10的边缘48的距离。 The height of the instrument 10 is an edge to the occlusal surface 46 of the distance 48 of the instrument 10. 图5A表示第一个器械10a具有特定高度。 5A shows a first device 10a having a certain height. 图5B表示第二个器械10b的高度不同于第一个器械10a的高度。 5B shows the height of the second instrument 10b 10a different from the first one instrument height. 这里,第二个器械10b高度较低。 Here, the second instrument 10b at low altitudes. 高度在整个器械次序中不断变化。 Height in the changing order of the whole instrument. 值得一提的是,可能是器械的整体高度不同或器械的特定部位的高度随次序的变化是不同的。 It is worth mentioning that the height may vary with the order of the overall height of the instrument or instruments of different specific portion is different.

图6A-6B表示每个器械10中附加用以标识次序的凹槽或切口56。 Figures 6A-6B shows the instrument 10 in each order to identify the additional recess or notch 56. 切口可能是形成任何形式的任一尺寸、形状、方向或数字。 Notches may be formed in any form any size, shape, orientation or number. 更进一步说,切口可能位于器械10的边缘48上或任一表面上,包括咬合面46。 Furthermore, the cut may be located on the edge of the instrument 10 or 48 on either surface, including the occlusal surface 46. 图6A表示第一个器械10a上有第一个切口56a。 6A shows have first cut 56a on the first instrument 10a. 第一个切口56a是矩形的,并位于边缘48附近。 The first cutout 56a is rectangular, and is located near the edge 48. 图6B表示第二个器械10b上有第二个切口56b以使第一个器械10a的切口形式和第二个器械10b的不同。 6B shows a second instrument there a second incision 56b 10b so different from the first cut in the form of devices 10a and 10b of the second instrument. 这里,第二个切口56b也是矩形的,并位于边缘48附近,紧挨着第一个切口56a。 Here, the second slit 56b is rectangular, and is located near the edge 48, next to the first notch 56a. 切口形式在整个标明次序的器械的顺序中不断变化。 Cutout form indicated in the order of the whole order of the changing instruments.

图7A-7C表示颜色的变化,譬如色调、色彩层次、阴影、浓淡,以便每个器械10都能标明次序。 Figures 7A-7C shows the change in color, such as color, color levels, shadows, shades, so that each instrument 10 can indicate the order. 例如,器械10的外观可能是一整套或暗或明的色彩,例如从深红到粉红,反之亦然。 For example, the appearance of the device 10 may be set or dark or bright colors, for example, from dark red to pink, and vice versa. 或者,次序可能依照彩虹的色彩排列,譬如红橙黄绿等。 Alternatively, the order may be arranged in accordance with a rainbow of colors, such as orange, yellow, and so on. 或者,次序可能按其它预先设置的颜色次序排列。 Alternatively, the order may be arranged in a preset order other colors. 图7A表示第一个器械10a具有第一种颜色60a。 7A shows a first instrument having a first color 10a 60a. 图7B表示第二个器械10b具有第二种颜色60b,以使第一个器械10a的颜色不同于第二个器械10b的颜色。 7B shows a second device 10b having a second color 60b, so that the first device 10a is different from the color of the color of the second device 10b. 颜色在整个标明次序的器械的顺序中不断变化。 The color of the entire sequence indicated in the order of devices constantly change. 可以理解的是,器械10a、10b可能如图所示整体都是着色的,或者器械的特定部位是着色的而其它部位则不是。 Be appreciated that the device 10a, 10b may be colored are shown in FIG whole, or specific parts of the instrument are colored while other parts are not. 单个器械可能会采用多种色彩,譬如条纹、块状或其它形状。 Single instrument may be using a variety of colors, such as stripes, blocks or other shapes. 颜色也可能被嵌入器械中,譬如使用有色塑料而不是典型的透明塑料。 Colors may also be embedded in the instrument, such as the use of colored plastic rather than the typical transparent plastic. 或者,颜色可能是可溶解的染料的形式,譬如从封装中移出时接触空气便溶解,或者,譬如当用水漱口或放入病人口中时接触液体便溶解。 Alternatively, the color may be in the form of soluble dyes, such as contact with air when removed from the package will be dissolved, or, for example, when in contact with water or mouthwash liquid into the patient's mouth will be dissolved. 作为另一种选择,如图7C所示,颜色可能呈现在剥离的包装62上。 Alternatively, 7C, colors may appear on the package 62 release. 有色包装62采用层叠或其它方式附着在器械10上。 Colored packaging 62 is laminated or otherwise attached to the instrument 10. 在这个例子中,包装62只覆盖了器械10的咬合面46,但是器械10的任何部分都可以被覆盖。 In this example, the package 62 covers the occlusal surface equipment 46 10, but any part of the instrument 10 can be overwritten. 如图所示,当使用器械10时,包装62被剥落去除。 As shown, when using the instrument 10, packing 62 is peeled removed. 这样,器械可能通过色彩排序,然而佩戴时却是透明的。 Thus, the instrument may be sorted by color, but wear Shique is transparent.

此外,可以按应该使用的次序单独向病人提供器械。 In addition, the order should be used to provide equipment to the patient alone. 在牙齿矫正医生最少关注的情况下,当器械可以储藏并按正确次序分发给病人时,为了提供这样的次序,一种方法是器械可以按特定的次序采用邮寄的方式提供给病人。 In the case of orthodontist least concern when equipment can be stored in the correct order points to patients in order to provide such an order, a method is a specific instrument can order by mail is provided to the patient. 图8表示这种方法的一个实施例。 Figure 8 shows an embodiment of this approach. 如图示,器械10单独包装以便第一个封装80装有第一个器械,第二个封装82装有第二个器械,第三个封装84装有第三个器械,等等。 As shown, the device 10 individually packaged so that the first package 80 is equipped with a first instrument, the second package 82 is equipped with a second instrument, the third package 84 is equipped with a third instrument, and so on. 封装80,82,84通过邮寄或其它任何投递系统送达以便它们按希望的计划送给病人P。 80,82,84 package by mail or any other delivery system served to them in the hope that the plan to the patient P. 例如第一个封装80在第一天送给病人P,第二个封装82在第七天送给病人P,第三个封装84在第十四天送给病人P,等等。 For example, a first package 80 on the first day to the patient P, the second package 82 in the seventh to give the patient P, the third package 84 in the fourteenth day to the patient P, and so on. 值得一提的是,独立的封装可以有选择地由一系列器械组成,譬如,整套治疗方案的一个子集。 It is worth mentioning that, independent of the package may be selectively composed of a series of instruments, for example, a subset of the entire treatment regimen. 在这种情况下,每隔一段时间发给病人P一个器械10的封装,其中每个封装都包括一套器械。 In this case, every so often to patients P an instrument package 10, wherein each package includes a set of instruments. 这一套器械本身也可能按任何给定的系统排序,包括上述任何方法。 This set the device itself may be sorted on any given system, including any of the above methods.

图9表示一套器械中的一个器械10,其中该一个器械10包含一个植入器械10中的可读元件100。 Figure 9 shows a set of 10 instruments in one instrument, an instrument in which the instrument 10 includes a 10-readable element 100 implants. 或者,可读元件100可能是固定在器械10上的也可能是固定在封装器械的包装上。 Alternatively, the read element 100 may be fixed to the instrument 10 may also be fixed to the instrument package on the package. 这个可读元件100可能包含一个芯片,一个条形码或者其它计算机可读元件,包括无线识别方式或射频(rf)方式识别。 The read element 100 may include a chip, a bar code or other computer-readable element, including a wireless manner or radio frequency identification (rf) mode identification. 当一个读取器102扫过元件100时,读取器102将信息转换成文字、符号或其它可识别特征。 When a reader 102 swept element 100, the reader 102 converts the information into text, symbol, or other identifying characteristics. 若是转换成文字,语言可能包括“第一”,“第二”,“第三”或“最后”,等等。 If converted into text, language may include "first", "second", "third" or "last", and so on. 同时,文字可能是任何语言,包括英语、西班牙语、法语、德语、日语,等等。 At the same time, the text may be in any language, including English, Spanish, French, German, Japanese, and so on. 文字或可识别特征可能是有声的,譬如语音的记录或产生,或者可视的,譬如打印显示。 Text or identifiable features may be sound, such as voice recording or produce, or visual, such as print display. 或者,也可能通过可触摸方式转换可识别特征,譬如通过震动的方式。 Or, it could convert identifiable by touch mode features, such as through vibration mode.

图10表示一套封装12,每个封装12至少包含一个器械10。 Figure 10 shows a package 12, each package 12 includes at least one instrument 10. 标签100固定在封装12上或和封装12合并在一起。 Tag 100 is fixed to the package and the package 12 or 12 combined. 标签100包含至少一个无数字标识。 Tag 100 includes at least one non-numeric ID. 譬如,第一个封装102显示一个有一系列数字的标签100,其中一个数字做了记号,在这个例子中有一个着色的点103作为标记。 For example, the first package 102 to display a label 100 series of numbers, one of which figure is a mark, there is a colored dot 103 in this example as a marker. 这表示治疗次序中第一个封装102包含的器械10。 This means that the treatment in the first sequence 102 containing instrument package 10. 可以理解的是,可以用任何符号,任何方式标记数字,包括用擦除、打孔或切口的方式去掉这个数字。 It is appreciated that any symbol can be used, reference numeral any manner, including by erasure, perforated or cut way to remove this figure. 同样,可以使用其它符号而不是数字,其中一个符号被标记。 Similarly, you can use other symbols instead of numbers, one of the symbols to be marked. 这在封装104中得到体现,封装104显示了这样的标签100。 This is reflected in the package 104, the package 104 100 shows such a label. 第三个封装106显示了有一系列符号的标签100,譬如在这里是三角形120的形状。 The third package 106 shows a series of symbols tag 100, for example, where 120 is a triangular shape. 这个符号本身或色彩、数字,或排列可以表示治疗次序中第三个封装106包含的器械10。 The symbol itself or colors, numbers, or arrange the order of treatment may represent a third instrument package contains 10 106. 可以理解的是,这样的符号可能包括像显示标签100的第四个封装108那样的条纹。 It will be appreciated that such a symbol image display label may include the package 108 as the fourth stripe 100. 条纹可以是人类可读的也可以是机器可读的,譬如条形码。 Stripes may be human readable also be machine-readable, such as bar codes.

图11表示一个包含一个封装12的牙科器械封装实施例,封装12又包含一套牙科器械10,这些牙科器械10按使用次序安排在封装12中。 Figure 11 shows a dental instrument comprising an encapsulated package of Example 12, the package 12 also contains a set of dental instruments 10, 10 by the use of these dental instruments in order to arrange the package 12. 在这个实施例中,这种排列包括器械储藏。 In this embodiment, this arrangement comprises a storage device.

尽管通过图示和举例的方式详细描述了上述发明,为充分理解起见,很明显的是,可以使用各种选择,修改和等效方式,并且上述描述不应该局限于附属的权利要求所定义的发明的范围内。 Although the foregoing invention has been described in detail by way of illustration and example, to fully understand the reasons, it is clear that it is possible to use various alternatives, modifications and equivalents, and the above description should not be limited to the appended claims as defined within the scope of the invention.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN102596091A *11 May 201018 Jul 2012奥索阿塞尔技术股份有限公司Improved vibrating dental devices
CN102596091B *11 May 201015 Jun 2016奥索阿塞尔技术股份有限公司改善的振动式牙科装置
Classifications
International ClassificationA61C7/00, A61C7/08
Cooperative ClassificationA61C2202/00, A61C7/08
European ClassificationA61C7/08
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