|Publication number||CN1515378 B|
|Application number||CN 03106189|
|Publication date||5 May 2010|
|Filing date||27 Aug 1999|
|Priority date||27 Aug 1999|
|Also published as||CN1515378A|
|Publication number||03106189.3, CN 03106189, CN 1515378 B, CN 1515378B, CN-B-1515378, CN03106189, CN03106189.3, CN1515378 B, CN1515378B|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Classifications (1), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
在切割刀片上形成桥口的切桥型模 Die-cut form a bridge port bridge on the cutting blade
 本申请是申请号为99119257. 5、申请日为1999年8月27日、发明名称为"印刷品用切割刀片的成型装置"的分案申请。  The present application is a No. 99119257.5, filed August 27, 1999, titled "prints using a cutting blade forming device" divisional applications.
技术领域 Technical Field
 本发明总的来说涉及一种印刷品用切割刀片的成型装置，尤其涉及一种能够不论金属带尺寸大小，通过联合工作，靠适当弯曲及将金属带切割成要求的刀片来制造这样一种切割刀片的装置。  The present invention generally relates to a printed matter with the cutting blade forming device, in particular, relates to a metal band size regardless of the size of the work by the joint, and the blades by appropriately bending the metal strip is cut into required to produce such A cutting blade means.
 为生产各种各样的平展印刷品或印刷包装材料，如纸盒或热塑薄膜，需沿设计好的切割线切割平展印刷品或薄膜，对盒形包装材料，需在将板制成盒之前沿印刷纸板设计好的切割线切割。  for the production of a wide range of flat printed or printed packaging materials, such as cartons or thermoplastic film, to be cut along the cutting line designed flat print or film, to the box-shaped packaging material, to be made in the plate The leading edge of the printed cardboard box designed cutting line cutting.
 这样一个对于生产平展印刷品、纸盒或热塑薄膜的切割作业必须用沿设计好的切割线延伸的单刃切割刀片完成。  Such a flat for the production of printed materials, cartons or thermoplastic film cutting operations must be done with a single-edged cutting blade cut along a line extending designed. 这样一个切割刀片置于平木板上具有相同的高度。 Such a cutting blade placed in the same height on a flat board. 在这样的情况下，刀片的单刃锐化面朝外。 In this case, a single-edged blade sharpening facing outward. 木板和切割刀片一起安装到用于切割这样的平展印刷品或包装材料的压力机上。 Wood and cutting blades installed along to the press for cutting spreading such literature, or packaging materials.
 典型的切割刀片通过将专用的薄钢带切割成片生产出来。  A typical cutting blade by a dedicated thin strip cut into pieces produced. 这样一种钢带具有带状外形以及在经受弯和切过程前将一边锐化。 Such a strip having a strip shape and subjected to bending and shear before the process while sharpening. 这样的金属带必须被弯曲和切割成各自分别形成设计好的切割线的切割刀片，平展印刷品或包装材料沿上述由切割线切割刀片切割。 Such a metal strip to be bent and cut to form the cutting blade separately designed cutting lines, spreading literature, or packaging material along the cutting line cut by the cutting blade. 在金属带被弯曲和切割成切割刀片后，把一个或多个切割刀片置于一木板上。 After the metal strip is bent and cut to the cutting blade, the one or more cutting blades placed on a board. 所以，首要的是将金属带精确地弯曲及切割成切割刀片。 Therefore, the most important thing is to accurately bend the metal strip and cut the cutting blade. 此外，金属带还通过多个如下所述分过程进行处理。 In addition, the metal band is also the sub-process is handled through more of the following.
 例如，金属带必须有规则地在与锐化边相对的下边开口，如此在底边形成桥口。  For example, the metal strip must be regularly sharpened edge with an opening opposite the bottom, thus forming a bridge opening at the bottom. 这样的桥口用于当刀片置于木板上时牢固为切割刀片定位。 Such a bridge port for when the blade is placed firmly on the board for the cutting blade positioning. 即，桥口几乎完全避免在木板上的切割刀片的设定位置由于外部冲击而造成的意外改变。 Unexpected changes in the set position, that is, Hashiguchi almost entirely on the board to avoid cutting blades caused due to external shocks.
 有时，有必要沿金属带的锐化边制出多个V形口，如此制出优选用于在印刷品如邮票上制出孔眼线的切割刀片。  In some cases, it is necessary to sharpen the metal strip along the edge of the system out of a plurality of V-shaped mouth, so the system is used in print as a preferred system out of the hole on the liner stamp cutting blade. 有时，金属带可按直角弯曲。 Sometimes, the metal strip can be bent at right angles. 在这样的情况下，在按直角弯金属带之前，在金属带的侧面上需要横向制出一个弯槽。 In such a case, before a right angle bend the metal strip on the side of the metal band needs a curved lateral groove system. 当金属带必须精确弯曲时，优选人工而不是机械地弯金属带，这使得人工弯曲金属带之前，金属带经过在其上制弯点的标记工序。 When the metal strip must be precisely bent, preferably a human rather than mechanical bent metal strip, which makes artificial bent metal strip before the metal strip after bending point at which the system marks a step.
 当然，上述制桥口、 V形口、弯槽和弯点的分过程是本行业技术人员熟知的。  Of course, the above sub-process system Hashiguchi, V-shaped mouth, curved grooves and bending point of the industry is skilled in the art.  然而，在已知的刀片制造装置中，这些过程不是通过联合工作完成，而是分别和选择完成的，因此已知的装置达不到要求的精度，并且降低生产率以及增加切割刀片的生产成本。  However, in the blade manufacturing apparatus known, these processes are not completed by the joint work, but choose to complete and are therefore known devices meet the requirements of accuracy, and reduce productivity and increase the cutting blades production costs.
 在已知装置中，将金属带切割成要求的切割刀片的过程是由上述分过程分开完成的，因此大大降低了生产率和增加了切割刀片的生产成本。 Process  In the known apparatus, the cutting blade will cut into the metal strip is required by the sub-process is completed separately, thus greatly increasing the productivity and reducing the production cost of the cutting blade.  为克服这些缺点，可将带有锐化边的长金属带缠绕在供料辊上，以便强制地、连续地从供料辊向弯嘴供料。  In order to overcome these disadvantages can be sharpened with a long metal strip wound on the side of the feed roller to forcibly continuously from a supply roll to the scimitar feed. 在一个靠近弯嘴的位置，金属带与用于将金属带弯成要求形状的多个弯针接触。 In a location close to the curved beak, the metal belt and the requirements for the metal strip bent shape of the plurality of curved needle contacts.
 如业内人士熟知，这种用弯针的弯曲过程是计算机数控的。  As well known in the industry, this bending process looper computer numerical control. S卩，多个弯针布置在弯嘴附近，根据计算机输出的控制信号，按相对方向精确地转动，如此弯曲出自弯嘴的金属带。 S Jie, a plurality of looper arranged near scimitar, according to a control signal output from the computer, accurately rotate in opposite directions, so bent metal strip from the curved beak. 这样的弯曲工艺参见例如日本专利公开号Heisei 899,123。 Such bending process see e.g., Japanese Patent Publication No. Heisei 899,123.
 在典型的刀片成型装置中，在金属带到达弯嘴前，可将其切割成具有设计好长度的多个金属段。 Before  In a typical blade forming device in the metal band to reach the curved beak, which can be cut into a plurality of metal segments having a design good length. 简而言之，弯金属带之前可将其切段。 Prior to short, bent metal strip can be cut into sections.
 另外，可像日本专利公开号heisei 8_243834所公开的那样，在弯曲工序后可将金属带切割成多片。  In addition, like Japanese Patent Publication No. heisei 8_243834 as it disclosed, after the step of bending the metal strip can be cut into multiple pieces. 在这项日本专利中，出自弯嘴的金属带反复沿相反的方向弯曲直到由于疲劳断裂而被切断。 In this Japanese Patent, the metal strip from the bending nozzle repeated bending until fracture due to fatigue is cut in the opposite direction. 然而，典型刀片成型装置存在它们不能生产高质量切割刀片和不能通过联合工作来生产切割刀片的问题。 However, there are not and can not produce high-quality cutting blades produced by the joint work of the cutting blade problems typical blade forming device. 即，安装在典型装置上的切桥模具的形状是固定的，因此改变金属带的桥口的间距或形状几乎是不可能的。 That is, the shape of the die cutting bridge mounted on a typical device is fixed, changing the spacing or shape metal strip bridge opening is almost impossible. 而且，典型装置必需分开完成在金属带上制出这种桥口的加工过程，结果降低装置生产率并且增加切割刀片的生产成本。 Moreover, the typical means necessary to complete the separate metal strip made out of this bridge opening process, resulting in a decrease in productivity and increase in unit production costs of the cutting blade.  典型刀片成型装置的另一问题由用于将金属带弯成要求形状的弯针引起。  Another problem with typical insert molding apparatus for metal strip bent by the desired shape of the curved needle causes. S卩，弯针必须由复杂的固定装置固定，如此使切割刀片成型装置的结构变复杂。 S Jie, looper complex fixtures must be fixed, so the cutting blade molding apparatus structure becomes complicated. 此外，精确调整弯针的弯角但不引起误差几乎是不可能的。 Furthermore, the precise adjustment of the looper corners without causing errors almost impossible. 当金属带在切割工序后经受弯曲处理时，弯曲当中切割刀片有累积误差，这使切割刀片精度很低。 When the metal strip after cutting process is subjected to a bending process, bending them cutting blade has accumulated error, which makes precision cutting blade is very low.
 而且，当至少有一个弯针磨损时，就几乎不可能精确确定弯针的中心。  Moreover, when at least one curved needle worn, it is almost impossible to accurately determine the center of the looper. 在这样的情 In such a situation
况下，弯针不得不一个一个地重新布置，这样在弯金属带时，就降低了工作效率。 Under conditions, a looper had a re-arranged so that when you bend the metal strip, it reduces the working efficiency. 在采用典 In use Code
型装置的弯曲过程中，金属带的锐化边与弯针接触，因此可能损坏锐化边。 Bending process-type device, the metal strip in contact with the curved needle sharpened edge, it may damage the sharpened edge.
 典型刀片成型装置具有的最重要的问题产生于切割过程。  The most important problem with the typical blade forming means generates the cutting process. 即，既然出自弯曲工序 That is, since from the bending process
的金属带通过反复沿相反方向弯曲金属带直到其由于疲劳断裂而被切成段，切断金属带所 Metal strip in the opposite direction by repeatedly bending a metal band until it was cut due to fatigue fracture segment, cutting the metal band
沿的边就不平滑，而是非常粗糙多剌，这样就破坏了切割刀片的外形。 Along the edge is not smooth, but very rough multi assassination, thus undermining the shape of the cutting blade.
 为消除切割刀片上的这种毛剌，对不得不刀片进行附加的磨光处理。  In order to eliminate these burrs cutting blade, having to insert additional polishing process. 而且，在金属带被切成段之后，有必要最终机加工这些段以便生产出合格刀片，而这迫使切割成段的金属带面临机加工余量问题。 Further, after the metal strip is cut into sections, it is necessary for the final machining of these segments to produce qualified blade, which forces the metal strip is cut into sections face machining allowance problem. 由于这种机加工余量，几乎不可能生产出高精度的刀片。 Because of this, machining allowances, is almost impossible to produce high-precision blades.  所以，优选通过联合工作，在精确调整弯针的弯角及精确地将金属切成切割刀片时，完成在金属带上制出桥口的工序，将金属带弯成设计好的形状和将金属带切成切割切片。  Therefore, preferably through joint work in the precise adjustment of the looper corners and accurately cut metal cutting blade, complete metal strip made of a step Hashiguchi, designed bent into the shape of the metal strip and the metal strip cut cut slices. 在这样的情况下，切割生产出切割刀片可避免任何附加的机加工。 In this case, cutting production of the cutting blade to avoid any additional machining.
 另外，刀片成型装置应灵活处理具有不同尺寸的金属带。  In addition, the molding apparatus should be flexible blade-treated metal strip having different sizes. 如果必要，刀片成型装置还应设计成用于有效将金属带弯成不同形状。 If necessary, the blade forming device also designed for effective metal strip bent into different shapes.
 因此，本发明注意到了以前技术中存在的上述问题，本发明的一个目的是提供一种印刷品用切割刀片的成型装置，这种装置的模具可更换，因此能制出具有不同间距和形状的桥口，并且这种装置不论金属带尺寸大小，通过联合工作，靠适当弯曲及将金属带切割成要求的刀片来制造切割刀片。  Accordingly, the present invention noted the above-described problems in the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a printed matter with the cutting blade forming device, such a device may replace the mold, thus prepared and having different pitch Hashiguchi shape, and this means regardless of the size of the metal strip through joint work, by appropriate bent and cut metal strip required to manufacture the blades cutting blades.
 本发明的另一个目的是提供一种印刷品用切割刀片成型装置，这种装置有一个或  Another object of the present invention is to provide a printed matter with the cutting blade forming apparatus which has one or
4多个可垂直移动的弯针和一个摆动切割器，弯针能够快速将金属带弯成要求的形状，而摆动切割器准确无误地将金属带切割成切割刀片。 More than four vertically movable and a looper oscillating cutter, curved needle can be quickly bent into a desired shape metal strip, the cutter accurately and swing the cutting blade cut into the metal strip.
 本发明还有一个目的是提供一种印刷品用切割刀片成型装置，这种装置快速生产高精度切割刀片，如此提高生产率和降低切割刀片成本。  Another object of the present invention is to provide a printed matter with the cutting blade forming device which rapid production of high precision cutting blades, thus improving productivity and reducing the cost of the cutting blade.
 为达到上述目的，本发明提供一种印刷品用切割刀片成型装置，它包括：具有足够量金属带，并且由间歇驱动装置驱动可按一个方向转动，从而以不变速度供给金属带的带辊单元；水平和垂直导向并且展平来自带辊单元的金属带的导向辊；布置在带辊单元前面并且适合引导来自带辊单元的金属带的两个导向块；切桥型模，可拆卸和有选择地安装在两导向块的一侧并且用于在金属带上制出桥口，该切桥型模包括有过带孔和模具导槽的壳体，过带孔与模具导槽垂直相交；以及弹簧偏压模具，可移动地布置在模具导槽中，有选择地并且快速地在模具导槽中移动，以便在通过过带孔的金属带上制出桥口；布置在切桥型模前面并且有用于分配来自切桥型模的金属带的弯嘴的导向弯块；直立地位于弯嘴前面的导向弯针，该弯针可直立地和可控制地沿相反方向移动和转动，如此将来自弯嘴的金属带弯成要求的形状；位于弯针前面的，由两个垂直导轨夹持的可移动托架，托架可在两导轨的导向下，根据弯曲工序结束信号靠第一致动缸向下移动；固带器，安装在托架的底部中心，并且适合垂直夹持来自弯针的金属带；摆动切割器，与托架铰接并且布置在固带器的前面，该摆动切割器根据探测到的金属带的角度，通过第二致动缸有选择地转动，如此定在等待切割处理的位置；台架，有用于在托架充分下降的情况下，选择固定固带器下端的槽，该台架在槽前面还有水平导向槽；以及可移动件，可滑动地设于台架的水平导向槽中，同时在顶面有锁定槽，可移动件可沿相对方向在导向槽中在切割器下端被可移动件的锁定槽锁定的情况下快速移动，这样，快速将金属带切割成切割刀片。  To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a printed matter with the cutting blade forming apparatus, comprising: a sufficient amount of metal strip, and is driven by the intermittent driving means may be rotated in one direction, so that at constant speed of the metal strip supply belt roller unit; horizontal and vertical orientation and guide roller flattening from metal banding roll unit; and arranged in front of the tape roll unit and is adapted to guide two guide blocks from metal banding roll unit; and cut the bridge mold may Removal and selectively mounted on one side of the two guide blocks and for the metal strip made out Hashiguchi, which had cut the bridge includes a perforated die and mold guides housing through hole and die guide grooves vertical intersection; and a spring biasing the mold, the movable mold guide groove disposed selectively and rapidly moving guide groove in the mold in order to pass through the perforated metal strip made of Hashiguchi; disposed in a tangential bridge front die and a guide for allocating curved beak bent piece metal band from the bridge-die cut; the upright located in front of the guide curved beak curved needle, curved needle that can be upright and controllably moved and rotated in the opposite direction , so from a bent metal strip bent into the mouth of a desired shape; in front of the looper, sandwiched by two vertical rails movable carriage, the carriage can be guided under the guide rails, according to signal the end of the bending step by first actuating cylinder downwards; fastener tapes, mounting bracket at the bottom center, and is suitable for vertical gripping metal strip from a looper; swing cutter hinged bracket and arranged in front of the fastener tapes, The swing cutter according to the angle of the detected metal strip through the second actuating cylinder is selectively rotated, so set the cutting process in waiting position; stand, there are in the lower bracket for full decline, choose a fixed solid groove with the lower end of the bench in front of the slot as well as the level of the guide groove; and a movable member slidably disposed in the gantry horizontal guide slot, while the top surface of a locking groove, the movable member is movable along a relatively In the case where the guide groove of the movable member is locked in the direction of the lower end of the cutter moving fast locking groove, so that the metal strip is cut quickly cutting blade.
附图说明 Brief Description
 本发明上述和其它目的、特点和其它优点，通过以下参照附图的详细说明将更为清楚，附图中：  The foregoing and other objects, features and other advantages, from the following detailed description with reference to the drawings will become more apparent drawings in which:
 图1是根据本发明优选实施例的刀片成型装置的透视图； 图2是显示图1装置的结构的纵剖面图；  FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the blade forming apparatus according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;  FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional view showing a structure of the display device of FIG. 1;
 图3是显示本发明具有多个布置在带辊单元前面的导向辊的金属带辊单元的透视图；  FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the present invention having a plurality of rollers arranged in the front section of the belt guide roll metal strip roll unit;
 图4是显示用于本发明装置中的一个切桥型模和一个切桥模具的透视图； 图5A和5B是典型切桥模具的视图；  FIG. 4 shows the apparatus of the invention is a cutting bridge die and mold a cut perspective view of a bridge;  FIGS. 5A and 5B are typical bridge cutting mold of view;
 图6A和6B是显示用于本发明装置中的切桥模具的工况和结构形状的视图； 图7A到7C是显示通过本发明切桥模具，形成于金属带锐化边上的桥口实例的视图；  FIG. 6A and 6B are conditions and structural shape of the device of the invention in view of the mold used to cut the bridge;  FIG. 7A to 7C are displayed by the present 明切 bridge mold formed in the metal band sharpening View Hashiguchi example edge;
 图8是显示根据本发明的一个实施例，用于在金属带的一个侧面横向制出一个弯槽的导轮的透视图；  FIG. 8 is according to an embodiment of the present invention for a lateral side of the metal band System of a perspective view of a curved guide pulley groove;
 图9是显示根据本发明另一个实施例，用于在金属带的一个侧面横向制出一个弯槽的刀头的透视图；  FIG. 9 is a display in accordance with another embodiment of the invention for a lateral side of the metal band System of a perspective view of a curved groove of the tip;
 图10是根据本发明按直角沿弯槽弯成的一个金属带的俯视图； 图11是根据本发明锐化边有V形口的金属带的透视图；  FIG. 10 is a plan view of a metal bent at right angles along a curved channel tape according to the present invention;  FIG. 11 is a perspective view of the edge of the V-shaped metal strip according to the present invention is to sharpen the mouth;
 图12A到12C是分别显示金属带下边的透视图，这个下边逐渐变形，这是由于至少有一个标记槽一般在金属带的下边制出，以便人工弯金属带前，在金属带上形成弯点；  Figures 12A to 12C respectively show a perspective view of the bottom of the metal strip, the bottom gradually deformed due to at least one marker in the lower groove generally made out of a metal strip, bending the metal strip prior to doing so, the metal strip forming a bending point;
 图13是显示根据本发明用于在金属带的两个侧面上制出多个弯点的两个标记模具工况的透视图；  FIG. 13 is used on both sides of the metal strip made out of a perspective view of the two markers conditions of the plurality of curved mold according to the present invention points;
 图14是显示根据本发明用于将金属带弯成要求形状的一个可移动弯针工况的透视图；  FIG. 14 is displayed according to the present invention is used to shape metal requires a perspective view of a movable looper with bent condition;
 图15是显示图14所示弯针横截面的视图；  FIG. 15 is a diagram showing a cross-section 14 as shown in the view of the looper;
 图16是用于固定和操纵图14弯针的第一齿轮的透视图；  FIG. 16 is a perspective view of the fixed and manipulation of the looper 14 for the first gear;
 图17是显示本发明用于弯针的第一和第二齿轮布置的透视图；  FIG. 17 is a display of the present invention for the first and second gear arrangement perspective view of the looper;
 图18是显示相对布置在本发明的装置上的顶和底板，两板间有一个垂直布置的  FIG. 18 is a graph showing the relative arrangement of the apparatus of the present invention, a top and bottom, between the two plates have a vertical arrangement
弯块的分解透视图； An exploded perspective view of the bending block;
 图19是显示具有图18的弯块的装置的前部的侧视图；  FIG. 19 is a side view of the front portion of the apparatus having a bending block 18 in FIG;
 图20是显示根据本发明具有固带器和摆动切割器的装置的前部的前视图；  FIG. 20 is a display in accordance with the present invention having a front view of the front portion of the fixing belt and rocking cutter device;
 图21是显示图20的固带架和摆动切割器工况的视图；  FIG. 21 is a diagram of a solid with a frame 20 and the swing cutter working conditions view shows;
 图22是显示具有图20的固带器和摆动切割器的台架的前部的视图；  FIG. 22 is a view showing the front portion of the carriage having a solid band diagram 20 and the swing cutter;
 图23是本发明固带器的透视图；  FIG. 23 is a perspective view of a solid with the present invention;
 图24是取自图23A-A面的固带器的横断面图；  FIG. 24 is taken from Figure 23A-A solid surface with the cross-sectional view;
 图25是本发明摆动切割器的透视图；  FIG. 25 is a perspective view of the swing cutter of the present invention;
 图26是图25的摆动切割器的前视图；  FIG. 26 is a front view of the swing cutter of Fig. 25;
 图27A和27B是显示本发明摆动切割器工况的视图；禾口  FIG. 27A and 27B show the present invention is swinging cutter condition of view; Hekou
 图28是有一个由本发明的装置生产的切割刀片的木板的透视图。  FIG. 28 is a perspective view of the apparatus of the present invention is produced of wood cutting blades.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
 图1是根据本发明优选实施例的刀片成型装置的透视图。  FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the blade forming apparatus according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention. 图2是显示图1装置结构的剖面图。 Figure 2 is a diagram showing a sectional view of a device structure.
 按照本发明，作为切割刀片的原料并且预先修尖一个边的金属带1被装在装置100上，同时连续地如下所述供给如下装置的弯曲和切割单元。  According to the present invention, as the starting material and advance the cutting blade sharpening an edge of the metal strip 1 is mounted on the apparatus 100, while continuously following the bending and cutting unit below said supplying means.
 S卩，一个台架10形成装置100的基础表面，并且在适当位置有一个带辊单元。  S Jie, a stand 10 forming a base surface of the apparatus 100, and there is a place with a roller unit. 如图3所示，上述辊单元包括至少两个布置成互在一侧，每个都有足够金属带1的辊50。 As shown, the roller unit 3 comprises at least two mutually arranged at one side, each with sufficient roller 50 a metal strip. 上述辊50的由一个间歇驱动装置如步进电机51驱动，由此沿一个方向转动，以及以一个不变的速度将金属带1供到一个切桥位置。 The roller 50 by an intermittent drive means drives the stepping motor 51, thereby rotating in one direction, and at a constant speed for the metal strip 1 to a bridge cutting position.
 上述辊50设计成可沿相反方向转动，因此即使金属带1以相反方向缠绕在辊50 上，每个辊50也可平稳地向切桥位置供金属带1。  the roller 50 is designed to rotate in opposite directions, and therefore even if a metal strip wound in opposite directions on the roller 50, each roller 50 can be smoothly cut the bridge position to supply the metal strip 1. 由于装置100的带辊单元包括两个或更多个辊50，加大装在装置100上的金属带1的量是可能的并且如果必要，允许不同尺寸的金属带l同时装在装置100上。 Since the apparatus 100 with roller unit comprises two or more rollers 50, mounted on the device 100 to increase the amount of metal strip 1 is possible and, if necessary, allowing different sizes of metal strip l, 100 mounted on the apparatus .
 为将金属带1从任一辊50导向切桥位置，辊50前设两个导向块，两导向块之间布置多个导向辊52。  The metal strip 1 from any guide rollers 50 cut the bridge position, the roller 50 is provided with two guide blocks before, arranged between the two guide blocks a plurality of guide rollers 52. 由于有导向辊52，可以将金属带1以一个预定的供料速度从任一个辊50 供给型模20。 Because the guide roller 52 may be a metal strip to a predetermined rate of feed roller 50 is supplied from any one of the die 20.
6 在装置100工作时，一个金属带1的预定长度靠步进电机51的转动力在导向块2 的导向下向前移动。 6  when the device 100 is in operation, a metal with a predetermined length 1 by the rotational force of the stepping motor 51 to move forward in the guide block guide 2 under. 当带1到达切桥位置时，一个预定数量的桥凹la在带1的底边形成。 When the belt 1 to Compiling bridge position, a predetermined number of bridges in the bottom with a recess la formation.  为形成这样的桥凹la，切桥型模20必须装在装置100上。  To form such bridges recess la, die cutting bridge 20 must be installed on the device 100. 为将型模20安装在装置100上，导向块2之一是可移动的，以便为把切桥型模20安装在装置100上形成一个开口。 The die 20 is mounted on the device 100, one of the guide block 2 is movable so as to cut the bridge die 20 is mounted on the device 100 to form an opening. 或者，罩导向块2的外壳顶，可在从装置100顶部将切桥型模20安装到装置100以前打开。 Alternatively, the guide block housing top cover 2, the bridge can be cut from the mold 20 is mounted on top of the device 100 to device 100 previously opened.
 当然应该知道，就切桥型模来说，装置IOO可有两个或更多个开口。  certainly should know, die cutting bridge, a device IOO may have two or more openings. 在这样的情况下，用于切桥型模的开口相互靠近布置并且在装置ioo上同时设两个或更多个具有不同功能的切桥型模。 In this case, the bridge-die opening for cutting arranged close to each other and provided on the device ioo simultaneously two or more die cut bridges with different functions.
 如图18和19所示，导向块2的壳包括两个板：相对布置在装置100上的顶板和底板3，在两板3之间有一个垂直布置的弯块4。  Figures 18 and 19, the guide block housing 2 comprises two plates: the device 100 is disposed opposite the top and bottom plates 3, between the two plates 3 has a bending block 4 arranged vertically. 每个板3在由表面部有一个固定长槽3a，这使得弯块4的顶侧和底侧被两板3的槽3a固定住。 Each surface plate 3 by a fixed elongated slot portion 3a, which makes the top side of the bending block 4 and the bottom side by the groove 3a of the two plates 3 fixed. 包括两板3和弯块4的上述壳，以弯块4同两个导向块2的带出口水平一线这种方式布置在装置100上。 Includes two curved plates and the shell 3 and block 4 to bend block 4 with two guide blocks 2 line with the level of exports in this way is arranged on the device 100.
 上述弯块4在前端有一个弯嘴4a，以便来自切桥型模20的金属带1被引入弯嘴4a。  said bending block 4 has a curved beak at the front end 4a, in order to cut metal from the bridge die 20 is introduced with a curved beak 4a. 在本发明中，弯块4可随根据金属带1的尺寸和外形的另外的块4而变。 In the present invention, the bending block 4 additional blocks can vary according to the size and shape of the metal strip 1 of 4 change. S卩，在本发明的装置100中，弯块4是可变的，因此可以根据金属带1的尺寸和外形改变弯嘴4a的形式。 S Jie, in the device 100 of the present invention, the bending block 4 is variable, it can be based on the size and shape of the metal strip 1 is changed in the form of curved beak 4a. 这种可变的弯块4同时由专用的板3固定，所以板3必须同弯块4 一起改变。 This variable bending block 4 while plate 3 is fixed by a dedicated, so plate 3 must change along with the curved block 4.  在装置100工作其间，金属带1弯前在数控程序的控制下，不断从块4的弯嘴4a 被分配。  100 working device in the meantime, before bending the metal strip 1 under the control of the NC program, continue to be allocated from the block 4 scimitar 4a. 一个或多个导向弯针31以垂直移动这种方式可移动地布置在弯块4的前端的一侧。 One or more guide vertical movement of the looper 31 is movably arranged in this manner on one side of the front end of the bending block 4. 上述针31靠上和下端的两个齿轮固定并且可由可逆步进电机30驱动反向转动。 The needle 31 by both upper and lower ends of the fixed gear and driven by a reversible stepping motor 30 reverse rotation.  在这样的情况下，两个压縮辊60和60a被布置在与导向块2有关的适当位置。  In this case, two rollers 60 and 60a in place of the guide blocks 2 are arranged in the associated compressed. 在本发明中，优选将两辊60和60a分别布置在导向块2的出、入口。 In the present invention, it is preferable that the two rollers 60 and 60a are arranged in the guide block 2 of the entrance. 两辊60和60a以适当的压力压金属带1的先导部，这使得来自导向块2的金属带1移动但保持一个高度。 The two rollers 60 and 60a to the appropriate pressure with pilot pressure metal portion 1, which makes the piece of metal from the band guide 2 but maintain a highly mobile.  每个都有一个预定长度的两个导轨11，垂直相对地竖立在弯嘴4a以外的一处。  each of which has a predetermined length of two guide rails 11, perpendicular relative curved beak 4a erected outside one. 一个第一致动缸41垂直布置在两导轨11之间。 A first actuating cylinder 41 arranged vertically between two guide rails 11. 第一致动缸41可根据弯曲过程终止信号工作。 First actuating cylinder 41 may stop signals work in accordance with the bending process. 上述致动缸41的活塞与可移动托板40联接，因此托板40可在两导轨11的导向下垂直滑动。 Said actuating piston 40 is coupled to the movable tray 41, so that the pallet 40 can slide in two vertical guide rails 11. 一个固带器42由螺钉固定在上述托板40底中心，为的是固带器42可与别一个更换。 With a solid 42 by a screw fixed to the bottom center of the pallet 40, as is a solid band 42 with another a replacement. 上述固带器42从下端向上垂直切开，这样形成一个垂直切口，这个切口的宽度和深度同金属带1的厚度和宽度相似。 Said fastener tapes 42 cut vertically upward from the lower end, thus forming a vertical slit, the width and depth of the notch with the metal strip thickness and width of a similar. 一个摆动切割器43与托板40铰接并且以一个形成于切割器43和固带器42之间的微小间隙布置在上述固带器42的前面。 A swing cutter 43 and the pallet 40 is hinged and with a 42 minute gap is formed between the cutter 43 and the fastener tape is arranged in front of the solid with 42. 上述摆动切割器43靠水平布置在托板40 —侧的第二致动缸44驱动。 Said swing cutter 43 horizontally arranged by the pallet 40 - the side of the second actuating cylinder 44 drives.
 上述致动缸44根据探测到的金属带1的角度或预定程序驱动摆动切割器43。  said actuating cylinder 44 drives the swing cutter 43 in accordance with the detected angle of the metal strip 1 or a predetermined program. 当托板40在导轨11的导向下下降时，固带器42首先固定金属带l。 When the pallet 40 is lowered in the guide rail 11, the solid with 42 first fixed metal band l. 在这样的情况下，固带器42的位置是固定的，因此切割过程中几乎完全避免金属带1移动。 In this case, the position fixing belt 42 is fixed, and therefore the cutting process is almost completely avoid the metal strip 1 is moved.
 为固定固带器42，台架10的前端制有狭槽45。  The fixed solid belt 42, the front end of the gantry system 10 has a slot 45. 狭槽45的前端制有水平导向槽46。 Slot front end system 45 has horizontal guide groove 46. 一个顶面有锁槽47的可移动件48，可移动地设计上述导向槽46。 A top surface of the lock groove 47 of the movable member 48, may be designed to move the guide groove 46. 可移动件48在锁槽47处固定摆动切割器43的下端。 The movable member 48 in the lock groove 47 fixed cutter swing the lower end (43).
 上述可移动件48通过连杆运动与台架10内的一个致动缸联接，以便件48可在导向槽46内左右移动。  said movable member 48 by a connecting rod motion with the gantry 10 is a cause actuator coupled to member 48 can move around within the guide groove 46. 摆动切割器43就这样靠第二致动缸44沿相对方向快速转动并且最 So swing cutter 43 against the second actuating cylinder 44 rapidly rotating in opposite directions, and most
7后将金属带l切割成刀片。 7 blade will cut metal band l.
 图3是显示根据本发明具有多个布置在辊单元前面的导向辊52的金属带辊单元透视图。  FIG. 3 is a display unit having a plurality of rollers arranged in front of the guide roller unit rolls the metal strip 52 in a perspective view in accordance with the present invention.
 如图3所示，导向辊52包括多个水平导向辊52a和多个垂直导向辊52b。  3, the guide roller 52 includes a plurality of horizontal guide rollers 52a and a plurality of vertical guide rollers 52b. 导向辊52将来自带辊单元50的金属带1导向两导向块2之间的间隙中。 Future metal guide rollers 52 roll unit 50 comes with a guide gap between two guide blocks in. 位于水平导向辊52a之间的辊52c通过左右移动展平来自带辊单元50的金属带1。 Horizontal guide roller 52c located between the rollers 52a by moving the metal strip from flattening roller unit 50 with 1. 在垂直导向槽52b上方的辊52d通过上下移动展平来自带辊单元50的金属带1 。 In the top of the vertical guide groove 52b roller 52d by moving the metal strip from flattening roller unit 50 with 1.
 图4是一个显示一个设于两导向块2之间的开口的，可更换的切桥型模结构透视图。  FIG. 4 is a view showing an opening provided in the two guide blocks 2 between replaceable die cutting bridge structure perspective. 图5A和5B是典型切桥模具的剖面图，而图6A和6B是显示根据本发明的切桥模具的形状和工况的剖面图。 5A and 5B are cross-sectional view of a typical bridge cutting mold, and FIG. 6A and 6B is a sectional view showing the shape and condition of the bridge cutting mold according to the present invention.
 如图所示，本发明的切桥模具21是弹簧偏压的，同时以模具21的前边21a的每侧的每侧由狭槽20a固定的方式最初插入切桥型模20的导向槽20a，因此模具21几乎完全避免在型模20内的不希望有的移动。  As illustrated, the bridge cutting mold 21 of the present invention is spring biased, while the front of each side of the mold 21 from each side of the slot 21a 20a fixedly inserted into the first guide 20 of the die cutting bridge groove 20a, and therefore the die 21 is almost entirely within the die 20 to avoid undesired movement. 据此，模具21快速和充分地插入型模20。 Accordingly, the mold 21 quickly and fully insert die 20.  在这样的情况下，模具21在被导向槽20a的侧壁分隔开的同时平稳地滑动，因此几乎完全避免摩擦划伤。  In this case, the mold 21 to smoothly slide in the groove 20a is guided to the side walls spaced apart at the same time, thus almost completely avoid scratching friction. 所以，本发明的模具21高效长寿使用。 Therefore, the die 21 of the present invention efficient use and longevity.
 然而典型的切桥模具具有以下问题。  Typically, however, die cutting bridge has the following problems. 如果典型的模具最初被插入切桥型模时，模具没有或仅有一侧插入型模20的导向槽20a，因此，当模具快速和充分地插入型模20时，模具与槽20a的侧壁形成摩擦接触。 If the typical bridge cutting mold die is initially inserted, there is no or only one side of the mold insert die 20 of the guide groove 20a, and therefore, when the mold quickly and fully inserted into the mold 20, the mold and the sidewalls of the groove 20a is formed frictional contact.
 所以，由于摩擦接触，模具擦伤严重或突然折断，这样，模具使用寿命不可能很长。  Therefore, since the frictional contact, severe bruising or die suddenly broken, so that the mold can not be very long service life.  本发明的切桥型模20可更换地装于装置上，这样切桥型模20可与别一件自由调换，以便型模模具21与能够制出具有要求宽度的桥口la的别的模具调换。 Cut bridge die  20 of the invention can be mounted on the replacement device, so cutting bridge die 20 with another piece of free exchange to die die 21 and can be prepared a la Hashiguchi having the desired width of the other mold exchange. 如果在精确地和轻微地移动金属带1通过切桥型模20的同时，反复用一个小尺寸的模具将金属带1切口， 在金属带1上制出具有加大宽度的桥口la是可能的。 And if the precise and slightly moving metal strip 1 by die cutting bridge 20, repeatedly with a small-sized die cut metal strip 1, on a metal belt system having increased width of the bridge opening la is possible a.
 图7A到7C是显示靠本发明的不同模具通过冲切过程，具有沿带1的锐化边制出不同桥口lb的带l形状的图。  FIG. 7A to 7C are displayed by different mold of the present invention is prepared by punching process, has sharpened edge along with a system showing different shapes with l lb of the bridge opening. 根据这样一个使用模具21的冲切工艺，多个具有预定宽度的桥口lb，沿带l的锐化边形成。 According to such a punching process using a mold 21, a plurality of having a predetermined width Hashiguchi lb, along with l sharpened edge is formed.
 例如，这样一个带有桥口lb的带l，优选用于在印刷材料如票证和收据上制出孔眼线。  For example, such a band with Hashiguchi lb l, preferably for printed materials such as tickets and receipts made out of the hole on the liner. 当然，可以在桥口lb的冲切过程中通过控制模具的冲切间隔调整孔眼线的孔眼间隙。 Of course, you can Hashiguchi lb punching process of punching mold by controlling the spacing of the perforations gap adjustment hole liner.
 本发明的装置IOO还有一个用于在金属带的一个侧表面上横向形成一个垂直弯  apparatus of the present invention, there is a IOO used on one side of the lateral surface of the strip to form a vertical bend
槽的单元。 Tank unit. 根据本发明的优选实施例，这样一个弯槽ld可用一个图8的砂轮或一个图9的 According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, such a bending slot available ld one wheel 8 or 9 of FIG.
刀头在金属带1的一个侧面上制出。 Head on one side of the metal band 1 manufactured. 以下评述砂轮和刀头的构造和工作。 The following commentary wheel and head of construction and work.
 图10是沿一个垂直弯槽ld直角弯曲的金属带1的平面图。  FIG. 10 is a plan view along a vertical groove ld right angle bend curved metal strip. 图11是在锐化边有 FIG. 11 is a sharpening edge there
多个规则分布的V型口lc的，图中显示了一个V形口的金属带1的透视图。 A plurality of regularly spaced V-shaped opening lc, the figure shows a V-shaped mouth of the metal strip perspective of FIG.
 如图11所示，多个V形口lc可在金属带1的锐化边上有规律地制出。  11, a plurality of V-shaped opening in the metal strip lc sharpening an edge of the system regularly. 一个带有 With a
这样V形口lc的切割刀片优选用于在印刷品上形成孔眼线以便制出带有规则间隙分布的V Such V-shaped cutting blade opening lc preferably used in print form in order to make a clearance hole liner with a regular distribution of V
形口lc穿孔的孔眼线或邮票。 Lc-shaped mouth holes perforated liner or stamps. 如果带V形口lc的金属带l需要弯成锐角或钝角，弯槽ld If the V-shaped mouth with lc bent metal strip l need acute or obtuse, curved groove ld
就立即和横向地在精确弯带1前在金属带1的侧面形成。 Immediately and laterally 1 Front side of the metal strip 1 is formed with a precise bending.
 为在金属带l上形成这样一个弯槽ld，金属带l以这样一种方式被导向块2固定，  To form such a bending slot ld, the metal strip in the metal strip l l in such a manner on the guide block 2 is fixed,
8带1部分地露出导向块2， 一个电机驱动上/下致动缸70布置在带1上方一个要求的位置， 见图8。 8 with a partially exposed guide block 2, a motor drive / down cylinder actuator 70 is disposed at a position above a desired band, shown in Figure 8. 一个步进电机71安装在上述致动缸70的活塞杆上并且根据上述致动缸70的活塞杆的上/下运动有选择地启动。 A stepper motor 71 is mounted on the above-mentioned actuating cylinder piston rod 70 and is selectively activated according to the actuation of the cylinder piston rod 70 on said up / down movement. 一个砂轮72固定地套在步进电机71的驱动轴上，用于在带1侧面横向制出这样一个弯槽ld。 A grinding wheel 72 is fixedly set on the drive shaft of the stepping motor 71 for lateral side with a system out of a curved channel ld. 上述砂轮72还用于在金属带1的锐化边制出V形口lc。 It said wheel 72 is also used in the V-shaped opening lc metal band sharpening 1 side manufactured.
 上述上/下致动缸70被一个从台架一体延伸出的支持柱73固定，以便沿好布置在导向块2上方。  the upper / lower actuation cylinder 70 is an integrally extending from the carriage support column 73 is fixed to 2 along well arranged above the guide block. 缸70通过控制程序控制。 Cylinder 70 by the control program.
 上述步进电机71成直角地安装在缸70的活塞杆上，因此，电机驱动的砂轮72在金属带1的锐化边制出V形口lc或在其侧面制出弯槽ld。  a right angle to the stepping motor 71 mounted on the cylinder piston rod 70, and therefore, the motor drive wheel 72 in a metal strip edge sharpening system or a V-shaped opening at its side lc of the curved grooves made ld .
 当然，这样的V形口lc可由具有与V形口IO相同外形的型模（未示出）制出，用以代替砂轮72。  Of course, such a V-shaped opening lc may have the same V-shaped mouth IO profile die (not shown) made out to replace the grinding wheel 72. 在这样的情况下，弯槽ld可由分开的切割装置制出。 In such a case, the curved groove ld be separate cutting device manufactured.
 根据本发明的另一个实施例，刀头74与上/下致动缸70同轴安装，以代替砂轮72，见图9。  In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, the tip 74 and the upper / lower actuating cylinder 70 mounted coaxially in place of the wheel 72, shown in Figure 9. 根据致动缸70的上/下运动，上述刀头74在金属带1的侧面上横向制出一个弯槽ld。 According to the actuating cylinder 70 of the up / down movement, said head 74 on the side of a metal strip made of a curved lateral groove ld.
 图12A到12C显示以前技术中，由于作制于金属带下边上的槽的记号以便在带上形成一个弯点而被逐渐破坏的金属带的下边。  FIG. 12A to 12C show below the prior art, since for the system to mark the edge of the groove of metal taken off in order to form a bending point on the belt is gradually destroyed metal band. 图13显示根据本发明一用于在金属带的两个侧面上制出多个弯点的两个制标记模具工作情况。 Figure 13 shows according to the present invention is used on both sides of a metal strip made out of two system markers mold work plurality of curved points.
 如熟悉本技术的人非常清楚的，在一个人工弯曲工序之前，一个制标记工序用于在金属带1上制出弯点。  The person skilled in the art is very clear, before an artificial bending process, a process used in making the system marks the point on a bend in the metal band. 即，如果要求将一个金属带1精确地弯成要求的形状，弯曲工序并不是由弯曲机完成而是优选人工完成。 That is, a metallic belt 1 if desired be bent into a desired shape precisely, the bending process by the bending machine is not completed but is preferably done manually.
 为人工弯曲金属带l，在进行弯曲工序前，至少在带1上制出一个弯点。  The artificial bent metal strip l, before carrying out bending process, at least bring the system out of a corner point 1. 在以前技术中，靠一个模具在金属带1的下边制出标记槽，见图12A，这样就在带1上制出一个弯点。 In prior art, by a metal mold in the band below 1 as a marker groove, see Fig. 12A, so that the band made a point on a curve. 然而，在以前技术中，有时可能多个标记槽集中在金属带1的下边，见图12B和12C，而这使得金属带1的下边严重受损或变形。 However, in the prior art, sometimes more than one marker groove 12B and 12C concentrated in the metal band below 1, Figure, and this makes the metal band below 1 severely damaged or deformed.
 然而，这一问题几乎被本发明的由图13的标记模具在金属带1的每个侧面制出两个弯点的装置完全解决。 Device  However, this issue was almost marked by the view of the invention in the metal mold 13 on each side of a band made out of two curved points fully resolved. 如图13所示，两个分别与致动缸一起工作的可移动标记模具80 和80a，布置在金属带1的两侧，为的是直接对着带1。 13, the movable marker actuated cylinder and work with two separate mold 80 and 80a, are arranged on both sides of the metal strip 1, as is directed toward the belt 1.
 两个数控模具80和80a通过偏压针分别偏压向金属带l。  Two CNC mold 80 and 80a by a biasing pin bias to the metal strip l respectively. 偏丈夫针分别与致动缸 Partial husband pin actuating cylinder respectively
一起工作，因此，偏压针快速将模具80和80a推到带1的两侧。 Working together, therefore, the bias pin mold 80 and 80a quickly pushed to the sides of the belt 1. 每个标记模具80和80a因 Each tag because mold 80 and 80a
此在金属带1的每个侧面制出两个弯点，而不使金属带1受损或变形。 This metal strip on each side of a system out of two curved point, without causing damage or deformation of the metal strip 1.
 图14是一个显示根据本发明，用于将金属带1弯成要求形状的导向弯针的形状的  FIG. 14 is a display according to the present invention, for guiding the looper metal bent into a desired shape with a shape
透视图。 Perspective. 图15是一个显示图14的弯针横断面的平面图。 Figure 15 is a plan view of the cross-section of the looper 14 is displayed. 图16是同时具有弯针和针保护 16 is both curved needle and needle protection
导套的第一齿轮的透视图。 A perspective view of a first gear guide sleeve. 图17是显示上述弯针工作情况的透视图。 Figure 17 is a perspective view of the looper is working.
 如图2、16、17所示，一个开口，优选一个圆形开口12，在台架10上的弯块4下方的  As shown in FIG, 16, 17, an opening, preferably a circular opening 12 in the carriage 10 below the bend block 4
一个位置上形成。 Forming a position. 带一个轴承32的第一齿轮33可旋转地正好安装在开口12下方，而带一 With a bearing 32 of the first gear 33 is rotatably mounted just below the opening 12, but with a
个轴承32a的第二齿轮33a安装在开口12上方，以便与第一齿轮33相对。 The second gear 33a of a bearing 32a mounted above the opening 12, opposite to the first gear 33.
 第一和第二齿轮33和33a在相应位置分别有一个针插入孔33b，而弯针31可移动  The first and second gears 33 and 33a respectively in the corresponding position of a pin hole 33b, and the looper 31 movable
地插入第一齿轮33的针插入孔33b。 Inserting a first gear 33 of the pin hole 33b. 当然，针31也插入第二齿轮33a的针插入孔33b，这 Of course, the pin 31 is also inserted into the second gear 33a of the pin hole 33b, which
样就在顶部和底部被两个齿轮33和33a可移动地保持住。 Like on the top and bottom are removably hold the two gears 33 and 33a to live. 一个具有一个半环形横截面以及一个与金属带1的宽度相对应的高度的针导向器29，布置在每个针插入孔33b处。 Having a semi-circular cross-section and a high degree of needle guide 1 and the metal band width corresponding to 29, arranged in each of the needle insertion hole 33b.  针导向器29在弯曲工序保护针31不受意外弯曲或折断的同时，为弯针31的垂直运动导向。  needle guide 29 in the bending process is protected from accidental needle 31 is bent or broken while vertical movement guide for the looper 31.
 —个或几个针插入孔33b以及半环形针导向器29，可根据弯针31的数量确定。  - one or several pin hole 33b and the semi-circular guide pin 29 may be determined according to the number looper 31. 既然弯针31的尺寸可根据弯的程度和金属带材料的宽或高选择，弯曲工作可容易地进行。 Since the curved needle size 31 can choose according to the width or height of the extent and bend the metal strip, bending work can be carried out easily. 优选用2至4个弯针。 Preferably with 2-4 looper.
 如图14和图15清晰所见，弯针31有一个特殊图形横截面或一个大致半圆形横截面，相对的侧面分别凸和凹。  Figures 14 and 15 clearly seen, the looper 31 has a unique pattern substantially semicircular cross-section or a cross section, the opposing sides of male and female, respectively. 上述弯针31以这种方式布置，即针31以凸和凹面之间任一个相对的圆角与金属带1形成接触。 It said looper 31 are arranged in such a manner that the pin 31 between the convex and concave rounded either a relatively into contact with a metal strip.
 沿针31的每个圆角都制有两个凹口31a。  along each fillet needle 31 are formed with two recesses 31a. 如果在弯曲工序针31与金属带1形成接触，两个凹口31就处于围绕金属带1的上和下边的位置，这就使得圆角在两凹口31a的中间部分形成与金属带l的侧面紧密接触。 If the bending process to form a contact pin 31 and the metal strip 1, two recesses 31 is in a metal band around the upper and lower positions, which makes the fillet in two recesses formed in the middle portion 31a of the metal strip l side in close contact. 所以，如果在弯曲工序转动的针31压在金属带1上时，弯针31不会对金属带1的锐化边造成任何破坏。 Therefore, if the rotation of the bending step of pressing the needle 31 when the metal strip 1, looper 31 does not sharpen an edge of the metal strip cause any damage.
 由于有上述凹口31a，弯针31就均匀地压金属带1并且相对于带1易于精确定位。  Due to the above-mentioned recess 31a, the looper 31 are uniformly pressed metal band 1 and with respect to the belt 1 is easy to pinpoint.  弯针31的下端与固定在第一齿轮33下端的致动缸34的活塞连接，因此针31可通过致动缸34向上移动。 The lower end of the fixed  31 of the looper 33 at the lower end of the first gear 34 of the actuating cylinder piston connected to the needle 31 can be thus actuated by the cylinder 34 is moved upward. 即，如果针31被致动缸34驱动，针31就从开口12上突并且插入第二齿轮33a的针插入孔33b。 That is, if the needle 31 is actuated cylinder 34 drives the needle protruding from the opening 31 to 12 and into the second gear 33a of the pin hole 33b. 弯针31就是这样牢固地由两齿轮33和33a保持。 Looper 31 is so firmly held by two gears 33 and 33a.  有时，第二齿轮33a的针插入孔33b可能没与第一齿轮33的针插入孔33b精确地成一线。  In some cases, a second gear 33a of the pin hole 33b may not be with the first gear 33 of the pin hole 33b exactly a line. 而这样的情况下，第二齿轮33a的针插入孔33b的位置需要调整，而这一点，通过适当地向前、后、左或右移动第二齿轮33a的齿轮箱会很容易地达到。 And under such circumstances, the second gear 33a of the pin hole 33b of the position needs to be adjusted, and this, by appropriately forward, backward, left or right movement of the second gear 33a of the gear box can be easily reached.
 为使弯针31可朝相反方向转动，第一和第二齿轮33和33a通过一个传动带分别与可逆步进电机30的主动轮35或35a连接。  In order to bend the needle 31 may be rotated in the opposite direction, and the second gear 33 and 33a are respectively connected with a reversible stepper motor 30 or the capstan 35 via a first belt 35a. 两齿轮33和33a因此可在相同的时间里以相同的速度转动。 Two gears 33 and 33a thus at the same time at the same speed of rotation. 上述步进电机30如上所述，布置在装置100的底面上。 The stepping motor 30 described above, is disposed on the bottom surface 100 of the apparatus. 当然，无论电机30还是致动缸34，都在计算机控制下工作。 Of course, whether the motor 30 is actuated cylinder 34, are working under computer control.
 当金属带l由带辊单元通过两个导块2给过来时，弯针31在弯块4的弯嘴4a处与第一和第二齿轮33和33a —起转动，这样将金属带1弯成要求的形状。  When the metal strip l by the belt roller unit through the two guides 2 to come, the looper 31 in block 4 curved scimitar 4a from the first and second gears 33 and 33a - starting rotation, so the metal with a bent shape required. 如果有必要改变金属带1的弯曲方向，弯针31在改变自己的位置前相对于金属带1向下移动。 If it is necessary to change the direction of a curved metal strip, the looper 31 before changing their position relative to the metal strip 1 is moved downward. 其后，弯针31向上移动，从而形成与金属带1的选定面接触。 Thereafter, the looper 31 is moved upward so as to form a selected surface contact with the metal strip 1.
 如图16所示，有多个弯针31，以便针对金属带1的弯角和宽和高的适合的弯针31 被选用。  As shown in Figure 16, a plurality of curved needle 31, so that the metal strip 1 against corners and the width and height for the looper 31 is selected. 即，为从弯嘴4的上部将金属带1弯成要求形状， 一个具有适当尺寸的第一弯针31 被选定并且在弯嘴4的上侧垂直移动以实施弯曲工序。 That is, from the upper curved nozzle 4 will be bent into a desired shape metal strip 1, a first curved needle with an appropriate size of 31 is selected and on the side of the curved beak 4 vertical movement to the bending process. 在第一弯针31向下移动后，一个第二弯针（未示出）或一个第三弯针（未示出）被选定，在预先设定的计算机程序控制下，以与第一弯针31相同方式工作。 After the downward movement of the first looper 31, a second curved needle (not shown) or a third curved needle (not shown) is selected in the computer program control pre-set to the first looper 31 work in the same way.
 在这样的情况下，由于弯块4可移动地设在装置IOO上，所以可根据金属带1的厚度调节弯块4和弯针31之间的间隙（a)。  In such a case, the bending block 4 is movably provided on the device IOO, it is possible according to the thickness of the metal strip 1, adjusting the gap between the bend 31 and the looper block 4 (a). 例如，如果金属带1相对比标准带薄，弯块4就向前移动，从而减小弯块4和针31之间的间隙（a)。 For example, if the metal strip 1 is relatively thinner than the standard tape bending block 4 moves forward, thereby reducing the bending block 4 and the gap between the needle 31 (a). 相反，如果金属带l相对比标准带厚，弯块4就向后移动，从而增大间隙。 On the contrary, compared with standard thick, curved block 4 is moved backward if the metal band l, thereby increasing the gap. 弯块4调节间隙（a)的这种运动易于从图18和19看出。 Bending block 4 adjust the gap (a) of this movement is easy to see from Fig. 18 and 19.  图20是显示分别用于固定和切割金属带的固带器和摆动切割器的装置的前视图。  FIG. 20 is a front view of the fastener tapes are used for fixing and cutting the metal band and swing the cutter device. 图21是显示固带器和摆动切割器的工作的视图。 Figure 21 is a view showing a solid band and swing the cutter work.
10 金属带1按上述说明弯曲后，通过如下装置切成刀片。 After 10  1 as above described metal strip bent blade cut through the following means.
 经过弯曲处理的金属带1连续移向台架10的前部。  As a result of metal bending process with a continuous move to the front of the carriage 10. 在这样的情况下，摆动切割器43移动到一个切割器43将金属带1切成刀片的要求的切割位置。 In this case, the swing cutter 43 is moved to a cutter 43 to cut a metal band blade cutting position requirements. 位于弯块4前面的上述摆动切割器43，铰接到可移动托架40上并且可转动地被可移动托架40固定。 Bending block 4 is located in front of said swing cutter 43 is hinged to the movable carriage 40 and is rotatably movable carriage 40 is fixed. 上述托架40 在两个侧边处被两个垂直导轨11可滑动地固定并且与第一致动缸41 一起工作，这样，沿在相对方向的两个导轨11有选择地垂直滑动。 11 the bracket 40 is slidably secured to both sides of the two vertical rails and to work in conjunction with the first actuating cylinder 41, so that, in the opposite direction along the two guide rails 11 are selectively vertically slidable.
 用于固定金属带1的可拆装固带器42，布置在托架40的下边。  securing the metal tape 1 removable fastener tapes 42, 40 are arranged in the lower side of the bracket. 图23和24分别在上述固带器42的透视图和横断面图。 Figures 23 and 24 respectively in the solid belt perspective and cross sectional view 42.
 上述固带器42包括两个块体，这两个块体具有相同的形状并且当两个块体合二为一时，两块体之间形成一个固带槽42a。  the solid belt 42 comprises two blocks, two blocks have the same shape, and when the two blocks into one, a groove 42a is formed with a fixing between the two bodies. 上述固带器42设计成可根据金属带1的厚度调整固带槽42a的宽度。 The solid band 42 designed to be fixed in accordance with the width of the groove 42a of the thickness of the metal strip 1 is adjusted.
 g卩，固带器42的固带槽42a由两个块体内表面之间的间隙形成。  g Jie, solid belt fastener tapes 42a of the groove 42 is formed by the inner surface of the gap between the two blocks.
 固带槽42a的内端部或腹部呈V形，这样可牢固固定金属带1的锐化边但不会对  Solid slotted inner end portion 42a or abdomen V-shaped, so firmly fixed metal band sharpening one side but not on the
它造成任何损坏。 It caused any damage. 上述固带器42和弯块4两者形成一个套件，为的是固带器42可和弯块 The solid band 42 and bend block 4 form a package, as is a solid band 42 may and bend block
4一起更换。 4 replaced together.
 固带槽42a的入口边有倒角，为的是甚至在来自弯嘴4a的带l不与槽42a精确地成一线时，也能将金属带1有效地导入槽42a而不失误。  Solid slotted inlet 42a chamfered edges, as is even the band l from the curved beak 4a slot 42a is not exactly in a line with the metal band 1 can also be effectively introduced into the groove 42a without mistakes .
 在这样的情况下，摆动切割器43被第二致动缸44转动，这样暂时被保持在固带器42 —侧的一个切割工序等待位置并且与托架40 —起向下移动，见图27A和27B。  In this case, the second swing the cutter 43 is actuated cylinder 44 is rotated, thus being temporarily held in the fastener tapes 42 - A side cutting process waiting position and the carriage 40 - from moving downwardly, Figure 27A and 27B. 在这样的情况下，位于台架10的槽45前面的可移动件48水平移动从而固定在锁槽47中的摆动切割器43的下端。 In this case, the groove 45 is located in front of the carriage 10 can be moved so that the movable member 48 is fixed horizontally in the locking groove 47 of the lower end 43 of the cutter swing.
 被可移动件48的锁槽47牢固固定的摆动切割器43可以精确切割金属带1。  is the movable member 48 of the lock groove 47 is firmly fixed swing cutter 43 can accurately cut metal strip 1. 艮卩， 如果需要将带1切割成切割刀片，可移动件48就被致动缸驱动，因此，件48沿相对方向在导向槽46中滑动致使摆动切割器43良好而精确地切割金属带1。 Gen Jie, if need be cut with a cutting blade, the movable member 48 was driven actuating cylinder, therefore, 48 pieces in opposite directions in the guide groove 46 of the slide 43 so that the swing cutter well and precisely cut the metal strip 1 . 当然，摆动切割器43可在一个接近或滑电传感器的控制下被移动到弯曲工序等待位置，这个传感器在向用于切割器43的致劝缸发出启动信号之前，核查金属带1的最终被弯曲部。 Of course, the swing cutter 43 may be under the control of a proximity sensor or the slide is moved to the electric bending process waiting position, the sensor is sent to cause the cutter to urge the cylinder 43 prior to the start signal, the final verification of the metal strip 1 is curved portion.
 图25和26是显示本发明摆动切割器43形状的视图。  FIG. 25 and 26 of the present invention is to show the shape of the swing cutter 43 views. 如图所示，切割器43的下部在带有一个倾斜切割面43a的中部变窄，由此形成一个细腰。 As shown, the lower portion of the cutter 43 in the middle with an inclined cutting surface 43a is narrowed, thereby forming a waist. 上述切割面43a按P角倾斜。 Press P said cutting surface 43a inclined at an angle. 当摆动切割器43被转动从而切割金属带1时，切割器43首先以切割面43a与金属带1的下部接触，因此切割器43从带1的下边到上边切割金属带1。 When the swing cutter 43 is rotated so as to cut the metal strip 1, the cutter 43 to cut the first surface 43a and a lower contact of the metal strip, and therefore the cutter 43 from the lower sideband to the upper cutting a metal strip 1. 所以，摆动切割器43直切金属带1准确无误。 Therefore, the swing cutter 43 straight cut metal band 1 is accurate.
 S卩，如果金属带1由摆动切割器从上边到下边切割，带1就被摆动切割器43的切割力向下偏压在固带器42上，结果固带器42不能牢固保持住带1，而这使得带1被意外和斜向切割。  S Jie, if the metal strip 1 from the top to the bottom by the swing cutter cutting with a cutter was cutting force 43 swing downward bias on a solid belt 42, the results can not be fixed with a firm holding 42 a live band, which makes the tape 1 is cut accidents and oblique. 其间，如果金属带1如上所述由摆动切割器43从下边到上边切割，带1就向上偏压，因此被固带器42较牢地固定住，并且同时被准确直切。 Meanwhile, if the metal band 1 above 1 to bias the swing cutter 43 from the lower to the upper cut, with up, so it is solid compared with 42 firmly fixed to live, and at the same time be accurate straight cut.
 图28是显示两个或更多个由本发明的装置生产的，置于平木板上的切割刀片的视图。  FIG. 28 is two or more by the apparatus of the present invention is produced and placed on a wooden cutting blade flat view. 如图所示，如果两个或更多个切割刀片以刀片端互相按直角紧接在一起置于木板上， 由于刀片1的锐化边，在切割刀片1间的连接处就可形成间隙。 As shown, if two or more of the cutting blade to blade end at right angles to each other immediately placed on the board together, since sharpening a blade edge, the cutting blade in a gap junction can be formed. 即，一个刀片端和另一个刀片的锐化边的倾斜面之间有可能形成间隙。 That is, there may be a gap between the blade end and the inclined surface of the sharpened edge of another blade. 这样的间隙可降低切割刀片的切割质量，因此需要从置于木板上的切割刀片消除这样的间隙。 Such a gap may reduce the cutting quality of the cutting blade, the cutting blade and therefore need to be placed on the board to eliminate such a gap.
 为从切割刀片间的连接处消除这样的间隙，一个端部与另一刀片1的侧面连接的切割刀片1的端部被精确加工以便制出一个实际能够满足其它刀片1的锐化边的倾斜面的末端。  In order to eliminate such a gap from the junction between the cutting blade, one end portion and another end portion of the cutting blade 1 connected to the side of the blade 1 is accurately machined to a practical system to meet the other blade sharpening 1 the end edge of the inclined surface. 所以，通常置于木板上的切割刀片1间连接处的任何间隙被消除。 Therefore, any gap is usually placed on a wooden cutting blade a connection is eliminated.  如上所述，本发明提供一种用于制造印刷品用切割刀片的装置。  As described above, the present invention provides a method of manufacturing printing apparatus for using a cutting blade. 本发明刀片成型装置不论金属带大小，通过联合工作，靠适当弯曲及将金属带切割成要求的刀片来制造切割刀片。 Insert molding apparatus of the present invention, regardless of the size of the metal strip through joint work, by appropriate bent and cut metal strip required to manufacture the blades cutting blades. 装置还有可更换模具，因此能够制出具有不同间距和形状的桥口。 Device also can change the mold, it is possible to make a bridge port has a different spacing and shape. 装置有一个可垂直移动的弯针和一个摆动切割器。 Device has a vertically movable looper and a swing cutter. 弯针可快速将金属带弯成要求的形状，而摆动切割器准确无误地将金属带切割成切割刀片。 Looper can quickly bent into the desired shape metal band, swing cutter accurately cutting blades cut the metal strip.
 本发明的另外优点在于，装置快速生产高精度切割刀片，因此提高了生产效率并且降低了切割刀片的成本。  A further advantage of the present invention is that the device quickly produces high-precision cutting blade, thus improving productivity and reducing the cost of the cutting blade.
 尽管本发明的优选实施例由于图解说明的原因已被揭示，熟悉本技术的人都知道，在不脱离如所附权利要求所说的本发明的范围和精神的情况下，多种改进、补充以及替换都是可能的。  Although the preferred embodiment of the present invention illustrates the reasons have been disclosed, those skilled in the art knows, without departing from the scope and spirit of the appended claims the invention of said case, a variety of modifications, additions and substitutions are possible.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|EP0088576A2||1 Mar 1983||14 Sep 1983||British United Shoe Machinery Limited||Methods and apparatus for manufacturing cutting tools|
|US3696655||16 Feb 1971||10 Oct 1972||Goodyear Tire & Rubber||Apparatus for making blades|
|US5461893||28 May 1993||31 Oct 1995||Cnc Corporation||Method and apparatus for bending steel rule|
|US5771725||27 Dec 1995||30 Jun 1998||Mizukawa; Suehiro||Method of producing a band blade, a method of bending a strip material, and an apparatus for bending a stip material|
|28 Jul 2004||C06||Publication|
|29 Sep 2004||C10||Entry into substantive examination|
|5 May 2010||C14||Grant of patent or utility model|
|13 Jan 2016||C41||Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model|