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Publication numberCN105334114 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201510737218
Publication date17 Feb 2016
Filing date4 Nov 2015
Priority date4 Nov 2015
Publication number201510737218.X, CN 105334114 A, CN 105334114A, CN 201510737218, CN-A-105334114, CN105334114 A, CN105334114A, CN201510737218, CN201510737218.X
Inventors姜金刚, 王钊, 张永德, 韩英帅, 王开瑞, 郭晓伟
Applicant哈尔滨理工大学
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Orthodontics arch-wire rebounding measurement instrument with bending radius adjustable
CN 105334114 A
Abstract
The invention discloses an orthodontics arch-wire rebounding measurement instrument with the bending radius adjustable. The measurement instrument is composed of a base, an orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism, an orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism lifting platform, and an orthodontics arch-wire bending digital display mechanism. The base is the installation reference of the whole device and is a rectangular block provided with a rectangular groove, the orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism is fixedly installed on the orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism lifting platform, the orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism lifting platform is fixedly installed at the position of the rectangular groove of the base, and the orthodontics arch-wire bending digital display mechanism is installed on the upper surface of the base. The orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism is composed of a rectangular block provided with a round through hole, an inner cylinder, an outer cylinder, a hold-down spring, a connection block, hand sliding blocks, an end cap and a fixed stud, the orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism lifting platform is composed of an orthodontics arch-wire clamping mechanism support plate, a shearing mechanism and a hand-operated leading screw mechanism, and orthodontics arch-wire bending digital display mechanism is composed of a step fixed die provided with an extending shaft, a step rotating die provided with an extending shaft, a gear (a), a gear (b) and an h-shaped digital display handle.
Claims(4)  translated from Chinese
1.一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,由基座、正畸弓丝夹紧机构、正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台、正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构组成;所述的基座整体为一个带有矩形槽的矩形块,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构固定安装在正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台上,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽位置,所述的正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构安装在所述的基座矩形块上表面。 A bending radius adjustable rebound orthodontic arch wire gauge, by the base, orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism, orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism lifts, orthodontic arch wire bending digital agencies; the whole base is a rectangular block with a rectangular groove, orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism mounted on the fixed orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism lifting platform, orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism according to lifts permanently installed in the base of the rectangular slot position of the orthodontic arch wire bending mechanism digital display mounted on the base tile surface.
2.据权利要求1所述一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,其特征在于:所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构由带有圆形通孔的矩形块、内筒、外筒、压紧弹簧、连接块、手滑块、堵头、固定螺柱组成;所述的外筒安装在所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的两个矩形导轨槽上,所述的外筒的锥形通孔开口大的一侧背向所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的固定孔a,所述的连接块的一端与所述的外筒的锥形通孔开口小的一端固定连接,所述的手滑块有两个,所述的两个手滑块的长矩形块从两侧穿过所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块两侧开设的手滑块导轨槽固接在所述的连接块侧面开设的矩形通孔上,所述的连接块的另一端与所述的压紧弹簧一端的固定滑块固定连接,所述的压紧弹簧两端的固定滑块安装在所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的两个矩形导轨槽上,所述的堵头与所述的压紧弹簧的另一端固定连接,所述的内筒带有外螺纹的一端从所述的外筒端深入所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块中,穿过所述的外筒、连接块、压紧弹簧与所述的堵头采用螺纹连接,所述的内筒手爪末端扇形阶梯卡在所述的外筒外侧,所述的堵头上的固定孔b与所述的固定孔a采用螺栓连接。 1. A bending radius of the adjustable rebound orthodontic arch wire gauge according to claim 2, wherein: orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism according to a rectangular block with a circular through hole, the inner cylinder, the outer cylinder, compression spring, connecting blocks, hand slider, plug, fixed stud composition; the outer cylinder mounted on said rail groove two rectangular tile with a circular through hole , the tapered through hole of the outer cylinder side facing away from the large opening of the fixing hole of a rectangular block having a circular through hole, the taper of the outer cylinder block connected with said one end of said via openings shaped small end fixedly connected, said slider has two hands, the hands of the two sliders from both sides of the elongated rectangular block through the two rectangular blocks with a circular perforation hand side of the slide rail open slot on a rectangular through hole fastened at the side of the connecting block open and the other end connected to one end of the block compression spring is fixedly connected to the fixed block of the said on both ends of the compression spring mounted on said fixed slider guide groove two rectangular tile with a circular through hole, said plug the other end of the compression spring is fixedly connected with said, the One end of the inner cylinder from the externally threaded end of said outer cylinder of said further rectangular block having the circular through hole, through said outer tube, connecting block, and the block of compression spring head threaded connection, the outside of the outer cylinder of the inner cylinder gripper end of the card ladder segment, said block head with said fixing hole b a fixing hole with bolts.
3.据权利要求1所述一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,其特征在于:所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台由正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板、剪叉机构和手摇丝杠机构组成;所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板安装在所述的剪叉机构两对剪叉杆上方,所述的剪叉机构下方的剪叉杆的一端固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽内侧,所述的手摇丝杠机构固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽的外侧,所述的剪叉机构剪叉杆下方的剪叉杆的另一端固定安装在所述的手摇丝杠机构的滑块上。 1 The one bending radius adjustable rebound orthodontic arch wire gauge according to claim 3, wherein: orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism of the lift station by the orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism support plate , scissors mechanism and hand screw institutions; the orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism mounted on the support plate of two pairs of scissors mechanism scissor pole side, below the scissors lever mechanism according scissors the inside of the rectangular tank mounted on said one end of the base, hand screw mechanism is fixed mounted on the outside of the base of the rectangular slot, scissors mechanism of the scissor lever scissor below the other end of the rod is fixedly mounted on the slider of the hand-cranked screw mechanism.
4.据权利要求1所述一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,其特征在于:所述的正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构由带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模、带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模、齿轮a、齿轮b、h形数显手柄组成;所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模固接在所述的基座矩形块的上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模的伸出轴从所述的h形数显手柄的旋转中心通孔底端面穿入并通过齿轮a伸出至旋转中心孔上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模与所述的h形数显手柄采用销钉连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模的伸出轴与所述的齿轮a采用键连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模的伸出轴从所述的h形数显手柄的另一对通孔底端面穿入并通过齿轮b伸出至所述的h形数显手柄上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模与所述的h形数显手柄采用销钉连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模的伸出轴与所述的齿轮b采用键连接,所述的齿轮a与所述的齿轮b啮合;所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模在带动正畸弓丝绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模旋转的同时所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模自转,采用滚弯弯制方式对正畸弓丝进行回弹性能测量。 1 The one bending radius adjustable rebound orthodontic arch wire gauge according to claim 4, wherein: said orthodontic arch wire bent by a significant number of institutions ladder stent with extended shaft, ladder rotation module with extended shaft gear a, gear b, h-shaped handle digital composition; the ladder stent with extended shaft secured to the upper surface of the base tile, the said ladder stent having a projecting shaft extending through the shaft from the rotation center h of the number of significant shaped handle and a hole penetrating through the bottom end face gear extending through the rotational center of a hole surface, said belt ladder stent projecting shaft and said h-shaped handle with a pin digital connector, said projecting shaft ladder stent with extended shaft and the gear using a linkage, said ladder projecting shaft rotational molding with the shaft extending from the substantial number of h-shaped handle another pair of through holes penetrating through the bottom surface extending to the gear b of h on the surface of the handle-shaped digital display, ladder with a projecting shaft rotational molding and said h-shaped handle with a digital display of the pin connection, extending the shaft and the gear shaft with a ladder extending rotational mold b keyed connection at the same time with the rotary die with a stepped shaft extending drive in orthodontic arch wire around the ladder stent with extended rotation of the shaft; and, a gear and the engagement of said b projecting shaft ladder rotary die rotation, the use of curved roller made way for orthodontic arch wire springback performance measurement.
Description  translated from Chinese
一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪 A method of bending radius adjustable orthodontic arch wire gauge Rebound

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,用于辅助正畸弓丝弯制机器人实现无余量弯丝的加工工艺。 [0001] The present invention relates to a bending radius adjustable rebound orthodontic arch wire measuring instrument for assisting orthodontic arch wire bending robot-free margin bent wire processing technology.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,人们生活水平提高,越来越多的人关注口腔健康,进行口腔正畸校正的人也随处可见,正畸弓丝作为口腔正畸的必需品需求量日益增多,为此代替正畸医师弯制正畸弓丝的机器人应运而生,而正畸弓丝在弯制过程中发生弹塑性变形,特别是在机器人进行弯制时,需凭经验提供弯丝余量补偿,卸载后,弓丝发生回弹,使弓丝弯制精准性下降,是现存正畸弓丝弯制机器人很难克服且有待解决的问题。 [0002] At present, people's living standards improve, more and more people are concerned about oral health, oral orthodontic correction of people everywhere, as the orthodontic arch wire orthodontic increasing demand for necessities, for instead of being physician abnormal bending orthodontic arch wire robot emerged, and orthodontic arch wire plastic deformation occurs in the bending process, especially when bending robot, you need experience to provide crimp margin compensation, after unloading , arch wire rebound occurs, so that the arch wire bending accuracy decreased extant orthodontic arch wire bending robot difficult to overcome and problems to be solved.

[0003]目前鲜有直接用于正畸弓丝弯曲回弹角度测量的装置,仅检索到一项关于口腔正畸弓丝弯曲回弹角度测量仪的专利201210398448.4,该发明在对正畸弓丝不同弯曲半径回弹性能进行测量时需要反复更换合适的绕弯模和弯曲手柄,操作繁琐,使用起来很不方便,且该发明采用弯曲手柄直接对正畸弓丝施加弯制力,属于传统弯制方式中的推弯法弯制正畸弓丝,弯制过程中,推动正畸弓丝转动绕支撑点转动的弯曲手柄与正畸弓丝发生相对滑动,在弯曲过程中势必对正畸弓丝外表面即发生拉伸形变的一面产生一定影响,从而影响正畸弓丝的自由回弹,影响正畸弓丝回弹角度的测量。 [0003] At present there are few direct for orthodontic archwire bending springback angle measuring device to retrieve only one on orthodontic arch wire bending springback angle measuring instrument 201,210,398,448.4 patent, the inventor of the orthodontic arch wire different bending radii resilience when measurements need to repeatedly replace the appropriate detour mold and bend the handle, complicated operation, very easy to use, and the invention uses a curved handle direct orthodontic arch Si Shijia bending strength, bending a traditional ways to push bending method orthodontic arch wire bending, bending, push the orthodontic arch wire is rotated around the supporting point of rotation of the curved handle and orthodontic arch wires relative sliding occurs in the bending process is bound to orthodontic arch wire the outer surface of the side which happened tension set a certain impact, thus affecting freedom rebound orthodontic arch wire, measuring the impact of orthodontic arch wire rebound angle.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的在于提供一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,以辅助正畸弓丝弯制机器人实现无余量正畸弓丝弯制加工工艺,提高机器人正畸弓丝弯制精度。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide a bending radius adjustable rebound orthodontic arch wire gauge to aid orthodontic arch wire bending robot-free allowance orthodontic arch wire bending process to improve the robot Orthodontics the arch wire bending accuracy.

[0005] 本发明解决技术问题所采用的技术方案是: [0005] Solution to the problem of the present invention is used:

一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪,由基座、正畸弓丝夹紧机构、正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台、正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构组成;所述的基座整体为一个带有矩形槽的矩形块,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构固定安装在正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台上,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽位置,所述的正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构安装在所述的基座矩形块上表面; A method of bending radius adjustable rebound orthodontic arch wire gauge, by the base, orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism, orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism lifts, orthodontic arch wire bending digital agencies; the the whole base is a rectangular block with a rectangular groove, said orthodontic arch wire clamp mechanism mounted in fixed orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism lifting platform, said orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism lifts rectangular slot position mounted on said base, said orthodontic arch wire bending mechanism digital display mounted on the base tile surface;

作为优选,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构由带有圆形通孔的矩形块、内筒、外筒、压紧弹簧、连接块、手滑块、堵头、固定螺柱组成;所述的外筒安装在所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的两个矩形导轨槽上,所述的外筒的锥形通孔开口大的一侧背向所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的固定孔a,所述的连接块的一端与所述的外筒的锥形通孔开口小的一端固定连接,所述的手滑块有两个,所述的两个手滑块的长矩形块从两侧穿过所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块两侧开设的手滑块导轨槽固接在所述的连接块侧面开设的矩形通孔上,所述的连接块的另一端与所述的压紧弹簧一端的固定滑块固定连接,所述的压紧弹簧两端的固定滑块安装在所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块的两个矩形导轨槽上,所述的堵头与所述的压紧弹簧的另一端固定连接,所述的内筒带有外螺纹的一端从所述的外筒端深入所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块中,穿过所述的外筒、连接块、压紧弹簧与所述的堵头采用螺纹连接,所述的内筒手爪末端扇形阶梯卡在所述的外筒外侧,所述的堵头上的固定孔b与所述的固定孔a采用螺栓连接。 Advantageously, the clamping mechanism of the orthodontic archwire is made rectangular block, the inner cylinder, the outer cylinder having a circular through hole, compression spring, connecting block, hand slide, plug, the fixing stud composition; the said outer cylinder mounted in said rail groove two rectangular tile with a circular through-hole, the tapered through hole of the outer cylinder side facing away from the large opening with a circular a fixing hole rectangular block through hole, the tapered through hole of the outer cylinder is connected with one end of the block the opening of the small end of the fixed connection, said slider has two hands, the two hand slider from both sides through a long rectangular block on both sides of a rectangular block with a circular hole through the opened hand slider guide groove fixedly attached to the side of the connecting piece of rectangular through holes opened, the two other end of said block and said compression spring is fixed at one end fixedly connected to the slider, the compression spring fixed at both ends of the slider mounted on the rectangular block with a circular through hole the rectangular guide groove, the other end of the spring pressing the plug is fixedly connected with said one end of the inner cylinder with the outer thread depth with a circular pass from the outer end of said barrel rectangular hole in the block, through said outer tube, connecting block, said compression spring with threaded connection plug, outside of the outer cylinder gripper end of said inner tube at the fan step of the card, the said blocking head fixing holes b and the fixing hole using a bolt connection.

[0006] 作为优选,所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台由正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板、剪叉机构和手摇丝杠机构组成;所述的正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板安装在所述的剪叉机构两对剪叉杆上方,所述的剪叉机构下方的剪叉杆的一端固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽内侧,所述的手摇丝杠机构固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽的外侧,所述的剪叉机构剪叉杆下方的剪叉杆的另一端固定安装在所述的手摇丝杠机构的滑块上。 Orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism described; [0006] Advantageously, orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism of the lift station by the orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism support plate, scissors mechanism and hand screw agencies scissors mechanism support plate mounted on said two pairs of scissors pole side, one end of the scissors mechanism scissors lever below the fixed mounted inside the rectangular groove base, wherein the hand-cranked screw mechanism fixedly mounted on the outside of the base of the rectangular slot, the shearing scissors mechanism other end of the lever fork scissors underneath fixedly mounted on the slider of the hand-cranked screw mechanism.

[0007] 作为优选,所述的正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构由带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模、带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模、齿轮a、齿轮b、h形数显手柄组成;所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模固接在所述的基座矩形块的上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模的伸出轴从所述的h形数显手柄的旋转中心通孔底端面穿入并通过齿轮a伸出至旋转中心孔上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模与所述的h形数显手柄采用销钉连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模的伸出轴与所述的齿轮a采用键连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模的伸出轴从所述的h形数显手柄的另一对通孔底端面穿入并通过齿轮b伸出至所述的h形数显手柄上表面,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模与所述的h形数显手柄采用销钉连接,所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模的伸出轴与所述的齿轮b采用键连接,所述的齿轮a与所述的齿轮b啮合;所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模在带动正畸弓丝绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模旋转的同时所述的带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模自转,采用滚弯弯制方式对正畸弓丝进行回弹性能测量。 [0007] Advantageously, the orthodontic arch wire bent by a significant number of institutions ladder stent with extended shaft, with the shaft extending ladder rotary die, gear a, gear b, h-shaped handle digital composition ; ladder stent with the projecting shaft secured to the upper surface of the base of the tile, said stepped shaft with a stent projecting shaft extending from the shape of the number h was the center of rotation of the handle through-hole penetrating the bottom surface and extending through the center of rotation of the gear to a surface hole, said ladder stent with extended shaft and said h-shaped handle with digital pin connection, the said ladder stent protruding shaft with protruding shaft and the gear using a key connection, with the projecting shaft stepped shaft rotational molding protruding from h-shaped handle significant number of the another pair of through holes penetrating through the bottom surface of the gear b extending to the number of h-shaped handle on the significant surface of the rotary die with a stepped shaft with said extending h-shaped handle with digital display pin connection, said gear shaft and extending with the axis of the projecting step b using the rotary die bond, wherein a gear meshing with said gear b; with the projecting shaft ladder ladder with projecting shaft rotary die in the ladder stent drive around with orthodontic arch wire extending axis while rotating the rotary die rotation, the use of curved roller made way for orthodontic arch wire be back elastic energy measurement.

[0008] 本发明的有以下技术效果和优点: There [0008] The present invention following technical effects and advantages:

1.通过滑动手滑块带动外筒运动控制内筒手指张开,通过压紧弹簧复位外筒控制内筒手指闭合,实现正畸弓丝的夹紧,结构紧凑,操作方便,便于更换正畸弓丝; 1. Hand driven by sliding the outer cylinder slider cylinder motion control fingers open, spring return by pressing the outer tube inner cylinder control fingers closed, to achieve orthodontic arch wire clamp, compact, easy to operate, easy to replace Orthodontics arch wire;

2.通过手摇丝杠机构控制剪叉机构伸展,实现正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台平稳升降,纯机械结构,正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台受力均匀,使正畸弓丝相对正畸弓丝数显弯曲机构保持水平。 2. Hand screw mechanism control stretch scissors mechanism to achieve orthodontic arch wire clamp mechanism lifts smooth movements, purely mechanical structure, orthodontic arch wire clamp mechanism lifts force uniform, so that the relative orthodontic arch wire digital orthodontic arch wire bending mechanism to maintain the level.

[0009] 3.通过齿轮a、齿轮b啮合,保证带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模旋转的同时自转,实现滚动弯制正畸弓丝; [0009] 3. gear a, b gear meshing, ensure the ladder with a projecting shaft rotational molding around a rotating ladder stent with a projecting shaft while rotation, roll bending to achieve orthodontic arch wire;

4.通过手摇丝杠机构控制剪叉机构升降,从而调节正畸弓丝相对于带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模的四个圆柱阶梯和带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模的四个圆柱阶梯的相对位置,调节正畸弓丝的弯曲半径。 4. By hand screw mechanism control scissors lift mechanism to adjust the four cylinder orthodontic arch wire with respect to the axis extending ladder with four cylindrical stent ladder and the ladder with a projecting shaft rotating mold the relative position of the ladder, adjusting orthodontic arch wire bending radius.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 图1本发明的整体结构示意图; [0010] FIG. 1 the overall structure of the present invention is a schematic view;

图2本发明的正畸弓丝夹紧机构爆炸图; Orthodontic arch wire 2 of the present invention is an exploded view of the clamping mechanism;

图3本发明的正畸弓丝夹紧机构装配图; Orthodontic arch wire Figure 3 of the present invention the clamping mechanism assembly drawing;

图4本发明的正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台结构图; Orthodontic arch wire clamp mechanism 4 of the present invention lifts chart;

图5本发明的正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构爆炸图; Digital orthodontic arch wire bending mechanism 5 is an exploded view of the present invention;

图6本发明的弯曲正畸弓丝示意图。 Schematic view of the bending orthodontic arch wire 6 invention.

[0011] 图中,1-基座,2-正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板,3-带有圆形通孔的矩形块,4-固定螺柱,5-正畸弓丝,6-手滑块,7-h形数显手柄,8-齿轮b,9-带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模,10-带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模,11-齿轮a,12-内筒,13-外筒,14-连接块,15-压紧弹簧,16-堵头,17-剪叉机构,18-手摇丝杠机构。 [0011] FIG, 1 base, 2 orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism support plate, 3 rectangular blocks with a circular through-hole, 4 fixing stud, 5-orthodontic arch wire, 6- hand slider, 7-h-shaped handle digital display, 8-gear b, 9- ladder extending axis with rotary die, 10 ladder stent with extended shaft, 11 gears a, 12- inner tube , 13 of the outer cylinder, 14 connecting block, 15 compression spring, 16 plug, 17 scissors mechanism, 18-hand screw mechanism.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0012] 以下结合附图进一步说明本发明的具体结构及实施方式。 [0012] The following description of the drawings further specific structure of the present invention and the embodiments.

[0013] 参见图1、图2、图3、图4、图5,一种弯曲半径可调的正畸弓丝回弹测量仪由基座1、正畸弓丝夹紧机构、正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台、正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构组成。 [0013] Referring to Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, Figure 4, Figure 5 A bending radius adjustable rebound orthodontic arch wire gauge by the base 1, orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism, orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism lifts, orthodontic arch wire bending digital agencies. 基座1作为整个装置的安装基准,基座整体为一个带有矩形槽的矩形块,正畸弓丝夹紧机构固定安装在正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台上,正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台固定安装在所述的基座的矩形槽位置,正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构安装在所述的基座矩形块上表面。 1 as a reference base to install the entire apparatus, the base is a rectangular block with an overall rectangular grooves, fixed orthodontic arch wire clamp mechanism mounted on orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism lifting platform, orthodontic arch wire clamp lift mechanism fixedly mounted on the base of the rectangular slot position, orthodontic arch wire bending mechanism digital display mounted on the base tile surface.

[0014] 正畸弓丝夹紧机构由带有圆形通孔的矩形块3、内筒12、外筒13、压紧弹簧15、连接块14、手滑块6、堵头16、固定螺柱4组成; [0014] Orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism comprises a rectangular block having a circular through-hole 3, the inner cylinder 12, the outer cylinder 13, compression spring 15, the connection block 14, the hand slider 6, plug 16, setscrew column 4 composition;

带有圆形通孔的矩形块3的一端开设固定孔a3-3,带有圆形通孔的矩形块3内部从矩形块带有固定孔a3-3的一端端面沿圆形通孔轴线方向开设左右两个长条形导轨槽3-1,两个长条形导轨槽3-1并未贯穿整个矩形块,带有圆形通孔的矩形块3的两侧开设手滑块导轨槽3-2,手滑块导轨槽3-2和所述的长条形导轨槽3-1相通; End with a circular hole through a rectangular block fixing holes 3 opened a3-3, 3 inside a rectangular block with a circular hole with a hole through one end fixed axial end surface along a circular hole a3-3 pass from a rectangular block opened about two elongated guide grooves 3-1, 3-1 two elongated guide grooves not throughout the rectangular block on both sides with a circular hole through a rectangular block 3 open hand slide rail groove 3 -2, 3-2 hand slide rail groove and said elongated guide groove communicating 3-1;

内筒12的一端为三个向外侧张开的手指12-1且手指末端有扇形挡块12-2,内筒12的另一端为空心圆筒且空心圆筒底部有外螺纹12-3 ; One end of the inner cylinder 12 is opened to the outside of the three fingers finger tips 12-1 and 12-2 have a fan-shaped stopper, the other end of the inner cylinder 12 is a hollow cylinder and the bottom of the hollow cylinder has an external thread 12-3;

外筒13外部为带有左右矩形导轨的圆柱块,外筒13圆柱块的外径等于所述的内筒12手指末端扇形阶梯12-2的外径,所述的外筒13内部为锥形通孔13-1 ; The inner tube 13 to the outside of the outer cylinder block with a cylinder around a rectangular guide, the outer diameter of the outer cylinder 13 of the cylinder block is equal to the end of the 12 fan finger 12-2 stepped outer diameter, 13 inside the outer tube is tapered through hole 13-1;

压紧弹簧15的两端带有压紧弹簧固定滑块; Compression spring 15 is fixed at both ends with a compression spring slider;

连接块14为带有开设圆形通孔的圆柱块,连接块14的侧面开设矩形通孔14-1 ;手滑块6有两个,手滑块6外形为长短两个相互垂直的矩形块,手滑块的短矩形块的外表面有摩擦纹; Block 14 is connected with the opening of the through hole of the circular cylindrical block, the connection block 14 side opened rectangular through hole 14-1; slider 6 has two hands, the hand shape of the slider 6 as the length of two mutually perpendicular rectangular blocks the outer surface of the short rectangular block hand slider friction pattern;

堵头16为带有圆形通孔的圆柱,堵头16的圆形通孔内有内螺纹16-2,堵头侧面开设固定孔bl6-l ; A cylindrical plug 16 having a circular through hole, a circular through hole 16 is internally threaded plug 16-2, fixing plug hole opening side bl6-l;

外筒13安装在所述的带有圆形通孔的矩形块3的两个矩形导轨槽3-1上,外筒13的锥形通孔13-1开口小的一侧与带有圆形通孔的矩形块3的固定孔a3-3同向,连接块14的一端与外筒13的锥形通孔开口小的一端固定连接,手滑块6有两个,两个手滑块6的长矩形块从两侧穿过带有圆形通孔的矩形块3两侧开设的手滑块导轨槽3-2固接在连接块14侧面开设的矩形通孔14-1上,连接块14的另一端与压紧弹簧15 —端的固定滑块固定连接,压紧弹簧15两端的固定滑块安装在带有圆形通孔的矩形块3的两个矩形导轨槽3-1上,堵头16与压紧弹簧15的另一端固定连接,内筒12带有外螺纹12-3的一端从外筒13端深入带有圆形通孔的矩形块3中,穿过外筒13、连接块14、压紧弹簧15与堵头16采用螺纹连接,内筒12手指12-1末端扇形阶梯12-2卡在外筒13外侧,堵头16上的固定孔bl6_l与固定孔a3-3通过固定螺柱4连接。 The outer cylinder 13 mounted on the rectangular block two rectangular guide grooves 3-1 with a circular hole through 3, the outer cylinder tapered through hole 13-1 13 small openings with rounded side and rectangular block fixed to the hole 3 a3-3 with through holes, one end of the connecting block 14 and the outer cylinder 13 of the tapered opening of the through-hole of the small end fixedly connected, the slider 6 has two hands, two hand slider 6 the long rectangular pieces from both sides through the 3 sides of a rectangular block with a circular through hole opened hand slider guide groove 3-2 is fixedly connected in the connection block 14 side opened rectangular through hole 14-1, the connection block the other end of compression spring 14, 15 - terminal fixed slider fixedly connected at both ends of the compression spring 15 is mounted on the fixed slider tile two rectangular guide grooves 3-1 with a circular hole through 3, blocking head 16 is fixedly connected to the other end of the compression spring 15, the inner cylinder 12 with a rectangular block 3 from the end of the outer thread 12-3 13 end of the outer cylinder in-depth with a circular through hole through the outer cylinder 13 is connected block 14, a compression spring 15 and the plug 16 threaded connection, the end of the inner cylinder 12 fan finger 12-1 12-2 stepped outside of the card of the outer cylinder 13, fixing holes bl6_l plugs 16 and fixed by fixing holes a3-3 4 stud connection.

[0015] 正畸弓丝夹紧机构升降台由正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板2、剪叉机构17和手摇丝杠机构18组成; 正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板2安装在剪叉机构17两对剪叉杆上方,剪叉机构17下方的剪叉杆的一端固定安装在基座的矩形槽内侧,手摇丝杠机构18固定安装在基座1的矩形槽的外侧,剪叉机构17剪叉杆下方的剪叉杆的另一端固定安装在手摇丝杠机构18的滑块上。 [0015] orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism lifts the orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism support plate 2, scissors mechanism 17 and the hand screw mechanism 18 composed; orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism mounted on the support plate 2 cut fork mechanism 17 two pairs of scissors square rod, rod end scissors scissors mechanism 17 fixedly mounted on the inside bottom of the rectangular slot base, hand screw mechanism 18 fixedly mounted on the outside of the rectangular tank base 1, scissors another fork scissors mechanism 17 below the rod end scissors lever fixedly mounted on the slider hand screw mechanism 18.

[0016] 正畸弓丝弯曲数显机构由带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10、带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9、齿轮all、齿轮b8、h形数显手柄7组成; [0016] orthodontic arch wire bent by a significant number of institutions ladder stent 10, stepped rotational molding with a projecting shaft 9, gears all, gear b8, h-shaped handle 7 with digital projecting shaft composition;

带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10由四个圆柱块阶梯组成,所述的四个圆柱块从上到下直径依次增大,所述的四个圆柱块的侧面相切与同一个平面且位于平面的同一侧,所述的四个圆柱块最上边的圆柱块有向上的伸出轴,所述的伸出轴上开设键槽10-1 ; Ladder stent with a projecting shaft 10 by a stepped cylindrical block composed of four, said four cylindrical block diameter gradually increases from top to bottom, four sides of the cylinder block and the tangent to the same plane and on the same side of the plane, the four cylindrical block of the uppermost pellet has upwardly projecting shaft, said shaft extending keyway opening 10-1;

带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模11由四个圆柱块阶梯组成,所述的四个圆柱块从上到下直径一次减小,所述的四个圆柱块的侧面相切与同一个平面且位于平面的同一侧,所述的四个圆柱块最上边的圆柱块有向上的伸出轴,所述的伸出轴上开设键槽9-1 ; Ladder with a projecting shaft rotation module consists of four cylindrical block 11 ladder composed of four cylindrical block according to a decrease in diameter from top to bottom, side of the cylindrical block of four with the same tangent plane and on the same side of the plane, the four cylindrical block of the uppermost pellet has upwardly projecting shaft, said shaft extending keyway opening 9-1;

齿轮all上开设键槽,齿轮b8上开设键槽,齿轮all和齿轮b8大小相等; Open all the gear keyway, open keyway on gear b8, b8 gears and gear all the same size;

h形数显手柄7整体成小写的字母“h”形,数显手柄上开设两对通孔,其中一对通孔作为h形数显手柄的旋转中心通孔7-1,另一对通孔与h形数显手柄旋转中心通孔的中心距大小与齿轮all或齿轮b8的分度圆直径大小相等,数显手柄7上带有测量旋转角度的数显表7-2 ; h-shaped handle 7 overall digital lowercase letter "h" shaped, open two pair of through holes on the handle digital display, wherein the center of rotation through a pair of holes through hole as a significant number of h-shaped handle 7-1, another pair of through h-shaped hole and digital display, rotate the handle center bore center distance of all sizes and gear or gear b8 pitch circle diameter equal to the number of digital measuring the angle of rotation of the handle with a 7 meter 7-2;

带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10固接在基座1矩形块的上表面,带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10的伸出轴从h形数显手柄7的旋转中心通孔7-1底端面穿入并通过齿轮all伸出至旋转中心通孔7-1上表面,带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10与h形数显手柄7采用销钉连接,带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10的伸出轴与齿轮all采用键连接,带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9的伸出轴从h形数显手柄7的另一对通孔底端面穿入并通过齿轮b8伸出至h形数显手柄7上表面,带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9与h形数显手柄7采用销钉连接,带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9的伸出轴与齿轮b8采用键连接,齿轮all与齿轮b8啮合,带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10的伸出轴与带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9的伸出轴的轴心距为齿轮all或齿轮b8的分度圆直径大小,h形数显手柄7绕旋转中心通孔7-1即带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10的伸出轴中心旋转时,h形数显手柄7带动齿轮b8绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10公转,同时齿轮b8在齿轮all的作用下自转,从而带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10公转并同时进行自转,带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9的侧面与带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10的侧面间隙恒定不变。 Ladder stent with extended shaft 10 secured to the upper surface of the base 1 of a rectangular block, ladder stent with a projecting shaft extending through the center of rotation of the shaft 10 holes from h-shaped handle digital 7 of 7 1 and the bottom surface penetrates through the gears all extending to 7-1 on the surface of the rotating central through hole, ladder stent with extended shaft 10 and the h-shaped handle 7 uses digital pin connection with projecting shaft ladder stent projecting shaft with the gear 10 all keyed connection with the rotary die ladder extending shaft projecting from the other shaft 9 h-shaped digital display on the handle 7 through hole penetrating the bottom surface and extending through the gears b8 h to form a digital display on the surface of the handle 7, stepped rotational molding with the projecting shaft 9 and the digital display h-shaped handle 7 pin connection using ladder extending axis rotational molding with the projecting shaft and the gear 9 b8 use linkage, gear meshing with the gear all b8, the axis of the shaft extending ladder stent with a projecting shaft extending shaft 10 and the rotary die with the stepped projecting shaft 9 from a gear or gear all of b8 ladder stent pitch circle diameter, h-shaped digital handle 7 about the rotational center of the through hole that is 7-1 with a projecting shaft extending axis when rotated, h-shaped handle 7 digital drive with about 10 gear b8 there are projecting shaft ladder stent 10 revolution, and gear b8 rotation under the action of all the gear, so that the stepped rotary die with projecting shaft 9 about ladder stent with extended shaft 10 revolution and rotation simultaneously, rotary die with a stepped side surface axis extending ladder stent with a side projecting shaft 9 of the gap 10 is constant.

[0017] 结合图1、图2、图3、图4、图5、图6本发明在使用时的过程如下: [0017] conjunction with Figure 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, when using the process of the present invention in FIG. 6 as follows:

首先,向后滑动手滑块6,使压缩弹簧15收缩,通过连接块14带动外筒13向后运动,使内筒12的手指12-1张开,将正畸弓丝5从堵头16末端穿过正畸弓丝夹紧机构,并从带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10和带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9的间隙伸出;然后释放手滑块6,压缩弹簧15复位,推动连接块14和外筒向前运动,使内筒12的手指12-1闭合,夹紧正畸弓丝5 ;接着通过手摇丝杠机构18调节剪叉机构17,使正畸弓丝夹紧机构支撑板到达指定高度,选择合适的弯曲位置;最后,将h形数显手柄7清零,转动h形数显手柄7,带动齿轮b8绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10公转,同时齿轮b8在齿轮all的作用下自转,驱动带有伸出轴的阶梯旋转模9绕带有伸出轴的阶梯固定模10公转并同时进行自转,对正畸弓丝5进行滚弯弯制,弯制至目标角度后,记录弯制角度,再一次清零h形数显手柄7,反向转动h形数显手柄7,使正畸弓丝5自由回弹,直至不再回弹为止,h形数显手柄7所显示角度的大小与回弹角度大小相等。 First, slide the slider 6 hand, the contraction of the compression springs 15, 14 driven by connecting the outer cylinder block 13 rearward movement of the inner cylinder 12 12-1 fingers open, the orthodontic arch wire plug 5 from 16 orthodontic arch wire ends through the clamping mechanism, and the gap between the ladder stent with extended shaft 10 and the rotary die with the stepped projecting shaft 9 extends; then release the hand slider 6, the compression spring 15 is reset to promote the connection block 14 and the forward movement of the outer cylinder, the inner cylinder 12 of the finger 12-1 is closed, clamping orthodontic arch wire 5; followed by hand-screw adjustment mechanism 18 scissor mechanism 17, so that orthodontic arch wire clamping mechanism support plate reaches the specified height, select the appropriate curved position; and finally, the h-shaped handle 7 digital display is cleared, turn the digital display h-shaped handle 7, drive gear b8 around the ladder stent with extended shaft 10 revolution while under the influence of gear b8 all gear rotation, rotational molding ladder extending drive shaft with a ladder stent 10 9 about the revolution with the projecting shaft rotation and at the same time, orthodontic arch wire 5 is curved roll system, after bending to the target angle, bending angle record, once again cleared h-shaped handle digital display 7, the reverse rotation of the handle 7 h-shaped digital display that orthodontic arch wire 5 freely rebound until no rebound So far, h-shaped handle 7 digital display angle size and the rebound angle equal size.

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Classifications
International ClassificationG01N3/04, G01N3/20
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