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Publication numberCN104626364 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201510081496
Publication date20 May 2015
Filing date15 Feb 2015
Priority date15 Feb 2015
Also published asCN104626364B
Publication number201510081496.4, CN 104626364 A, CN 104626364A, CN 201510081496, CN-A-104626364, CN104626364 A, CN104626364A, CN201510081496, CN201510081496.4
Inventors王雅丽, 付立彬, 黄强, 牟英伟, 高富强, 曹邦卿, 王娟玲, 陶杰, 宋艳清, 白宏洁
Applicant盛文领
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Automatic-control mixed concrete feeder
CN 104626364 A
Abstract
The invention relates to an automatic-control mixed concrete feeder which comprises a pyramid-shaped hopper, a trapezoid seesaw, a crusher, an arc-shaped scraping plate, a variable-frequency motor and a control module, wherein the trapezoid seesaw is connected to the inner wall of the pyramid-shaped hopper; the crusher is connected with the pyramid-shaped hopper through a bearing; the arc-shaped scraping plate is connected with four corners of the pyramid-shaped hopper through a guide cylinder and connected with a mini-sized shaft positioned on the lower end corner of the trapezoid seesaw through a first transmission rod; and the variable-frequency motor is connected to the outer wall of the pyramid-shaped hopper through a bolt, connected with a small shaft positioned on the trapezoid seesaw through a second transmission rod and meshed with a gear positioned on the shaft end of the crusher through a segment gear, and the variable-frequency motor is connected with the control module through a lead wire. The automatic-control mixed concrete feeder disclosed by the invention has the advantages of novelty in structure, smoothness in feeding, no phenomenon of blockage, stability in property, firmness, durability and high practicability.
Claims(6)  translated from Chinese
1.自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:它由四棱台形料斗,梯形翘翘板、破碎器、弧形刮板、变频电动机及控制模块组成,梯形翘翘板经支架连接在四棱台形料斗内壁上,破碎器经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗上,弧形刮板经导向筒与四棱台形料斗内四角处连接、并经第一传动杆与梯形翘翘板下端角处微型轴连接,变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上,并经第二传动杆与翘翘板上小轴连接、经扇形齿轮与破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合,变频电动机经导线与控制模块连接。 1. Automatic control mixing concrete feeder, characterized in that: it consists of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper, trapezoidal seesaw, breaker, curved blade, variable frequency motors and control modules, trapezoid seesaw through bracket in quadrangular the inner wall of the table-shaped hopper, crusher connected via a bearing on a rectangular table-shaped hopper, curved blade through the guide tube within the four corners of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper connected, and through the first transmission rod and the lower corners of the trapezoid seesaw micro shaft connection, inverter motor is bolted through a rectangular table in the outer wall of the hopper shape, and by the second drive rod and the seesaw small shaft, the sector gear and the gear shaft breaker, inverter motor control module is connected by wire.
2.根据权利要求1所述的自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:所述的变频电动机有两台,第一台变频电动机轴端有转动轮、并经转动轮上偏心轴与第二传动杆连接,第二传动杆与翘翘板上的小轴活动连接,第一台变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁一侧、相邻的一侧经螺栓连接着第二台变频电动机、第二台变频电动机经扇形齿轮与破碎机轴端的齿轮啮合。 Automatic control according to claim 1, wherein the mixing of concrete feeder, wherein: said inverter motor has two, first inverter motor shaft has a rotating wheel, and by rotating the eccentric shaft and the second wheel transmission lever is connected, the second drive rod and small shafts seesaw activity on the connection, the first inverter motor is bolted through a rectangular-shaped hopper outer side of the station, adjacent to the side by a bolt connected to the second variable frequency electric motor The second frequency conversion motor through the sector gear and the gear shaft crusher.
3.根据权利要求1所述的自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:所述的翘翘板有两块,经支架分别连接在四棱台形料斗内相对的两个内壁上、并经第三传动杆与翘翘板上的小轴活动连接,每块翘翘板的上侧及左右两侧与四棱台形料斗壁之间经能胀缩的防护罩连接,翘翘板内部设置有电加热板、该电加热板经导线与温度控制器连接,温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接。 Automatic control according to claim 1, wherein the mixing of concrete feeder, characterized in that: the seesaw has two, the bracket sets are connected to a rectangular shape in two opposite hopper wall, and by the first Three small shaft drive rod connected to the activities on the seesaw, seesaw between the upper side of each of the right and left sides of a rectangular table-shaped hopper walls can swell shrink by shield connection, seesaw internally provided with electricity heating plate, the electric heating plate temperature controller is connected via the wire, a temperature controller with control module is connected via the wire.
4.根据权利要求1所述的自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:所述的破碎机,由条形破碎刀片,转动轴及齿轮组成,条形破碎刀片焊接在转动轴上,转动轴端经销钉连接着齿轮,该破碎机有两个、平行设置在四棱台形料斗中、两个破碎机的条形破碎刀片交叉排列,其中一个破碎机轴端有一个齿轮,另一个破碎机轴端有两个齿轮、其中轴外端的一个齿轮和变频电动机轴上的扇形齿轮啮合,而两个破碎机轴端的齿轮均有一个和过桥齿轮啮合,而过桥齿轮经销钉与轴连接,该轴经轴承及支撑架连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上,过桥齿轮轴端还有一个齿轮和变频电动机轴端的扇形齿轮转动时啮合。 Automatic control according to claim 1, wherein the mixing of concrete feeder, characterized in that: said crusher, the crushing blade strip, the rotation shaft and gears, crushing blade strip welded to the rotating shaft, the rotating shaft end distribution of nails connected gear, the crusher has two parallel arranged in a rectangular-shaped hopper table, bar the two crushers blades staggered, one of which has a gear shaft crusher, another crusher shaft end has two gears, wherein the outer end of the shaft of the sector gear and a gear meshing frequency of the motor shaft, while the two crusher has a gear shaft and idler gear meshing, and idler gear shaft Business nail and the Shaft bearings and support frame connected to the outer wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper, engagement idler gear shaft and a gear shaft of the motor and inverter sector gear to rotate.
5.根据权利要求1所述的自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:所述的弧形刮板由导向杆、刮板本体组成,刮板本体上把手经弧形角及导向筒上的狭缝垂直焊接在导向杆上,导向杆上的微型轴经第一传动杆与梯形翘翘板下端角处的微型轴连接,导向杆与导向筒承插连接。 The automatic control of one of the mixing of concrete feeder, characterized in that claim: the curved blade by the guide rod, scraper body composition, body handle on the blade angle and guide through the arc tube welding vertical slit in the guide rod, the guide rod micro shaft through micro-axis trapezoidal seesaw first transmission rod connecting the lower corner of the guide rod and the guide tube socket connection.
6.根据权利要求4所述的自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,其特征在于:所述的转动轴为圆柱筒形,一端为开口,从开口处插入有电加热棒,电加热棒经绝缘材料固定在半球形法兰盘上,并经半球形法兰盘及螺栓与四棱台形料斗外壁连接,电加热棒经导线与温度控制器连接,温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接。 Automatic control according to claim 4, wherein the mixing of concrete feeder, wherein: the rotation axis of the cylinder barrel is one end of the opening, inserted from the opening electric heating rods, electric heating rods through the insulating material is fixed On the domed flange, and by a hemispherical flange and bolts and the outer wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper connection, electric heating rods connected by wires to a temperature controller, temperature controller and the control module is connected via the wire.
Description  translated from Chinese
自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器 Automatic control mix concrete feeder

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及建筑施工设备技术领域,特别适用于混凝土搅拌自动控制上料设备中的四棱台形料斗。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of construction equipment, especially for concrete mixing automatic feeding device quadrangular trapezoidal hopper.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前混凝土搅拌站使用的自动控制上料设备中,四棱台形料斗有装震动器和螺旋推动器两种,都是为了使四棱台形料斗中的中砂自动下落到传送带或落到搅拌机中;装震动器和装螺旋推动器的四棱台形料斗均适用于砂粒均匀、含水率在8%以下,流动性较好的中砂,而对于含水率在8%以上的中砂、或带有碎小的冰冻结块的中砂,就很难适用了,往往造成四棱台形料斗内中砂堵塞,不能下落,并且也不符合拌合混凝土规范要求,碎小的冰冻结块的中砂容易造成浇筑的混凝土出现蜂窝,这也是造成浇筑混凝土严重的质量事故原因之一,装载机将中砂自上而下倒入四棱台形料斗时、冲击力大、加大了中砂在四棱台形料斗内的堆积密度,而湿度较大的中砂、粘结强度也大,支撑力较大,加之在震动器的震动作用下,使中砂沿四棱台形料斗坡壁四个方向往下口聚集,而传送带与四棱台形料斗下口间的距离又小,在传送带不传送时装入中砂,更加密实,不能流动,特别是四棱台形料斗四角处的中砂更难下滑,失去了流动性,不能自动下落;而螺旋推动器推动四棱台形料斗内中砂时,形成下空上篷,也不能使中砂自动下落,使自动上料设备失去了自动控制配料和上料功能,还需要工人用铁锹一锹锹将中砂挖出,待畅通后,再将中砂一锹一锹装入四棱台形料斗内,这样浪费了大量的时间、人工及机械费,并且又要拖延施工工期、经常造成混凝土工程冻伤质量事故及增大工程成本。 [0002] The use of concrete mixing station automatic control feeding device, a rectangular-shaped hopper there is two sets of equipment vibration and spiral push now is to make a rectangular flat-shaped hopper automatically fall to the sand belt or fall blender; shock mounted and mounted screw propellers quadrangular trapezoidal hopper uniformly apply to sand, moisture content below 8%, better mobility in the sand, while the moisture content of the sand for more than 8 percent, or belt There Suixiao frozen lumps in the sand, it is difficult to apply, often resulting in a rectangular flat-shaped hopper inside sand clogging, can not fall, and does not conform to mix concrete specifications, Suixiao frozen lumps of sand When pouring the concrete appear likely to cause cellular, which is caused by the pouring of concrete serious quality one cause of the accident, the loader will pour sand from top to bottom rectangular trapezoidal hopper, the impact force, increased sand in quadrangular Taiwan-shaped hopper bulk density, and high humidity in the sand, bond strength is also large, support a larger force, combined with a vibrator under the shock effect, so that the four directions in the sand along the wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper slope down port aggregation, and the lower belt with a rectangular trapezoidal hopper distance between mouth and small, is not transferred into the sand in the fashion belt, more dense, it can not flow, especially in the sand at the four corners of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper fell harder, losing liquidity, does not automatically fall; and spiral pusher pushes the canopy within a rectangular table empty hopper shape in the sand, formed under the sand does not make the automatic fall, the automatic feeding equipment lost on feed ingredients and automatic control functions, Workers also need a spade a spade shovel to dig out the sand, until smooth, and then in the sand in a spade a spade-shaped hopper mounted rectangular table, so waste a lot of time, labor and machinery costs, and delay again construction period, often resulting in frostbite concrete engineering quality accidents and increased engineering costs.

发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0003] 本发明的目的是:提供一种自动控制搅拌混凝土送料器,该设备能克服背景技术中的不足、并兼具其优点,能实现不受碎小的冰冻结块中砂影响,能使四棱台形料斗内的中砂自动下落顺畅,整个四棱台形料斗内没有附着中砂的死角,给自动化控制设备的配料、上料提供了保障。 [0003] The object of the present invention are: to provide an automatic control of mixing concrete feeder, the device Nengke Fu Background deficiencies, and both its advantages can be achieved without Suixiao frozen lumps of sand influence can make a rectangular table shaped hopper automatically fall within the sand smooth, not over the entire rectangular-shaped hopper attachment station in the sand of the dead, to the automation and control batching equipment, feeding provided a guarantee.

[0004] 实现本发明所采取的技术方案是:该设备由四棱台形料斗、梯形翘翘板、破碎器、弧形刮板、变频电动机及控制模块组成,梯形翘翘板经支架连接在四棱台形料斗内壁上、破碎器经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗上,弧形刮板经导向筒与四棱台形料斗内四角处连接、并经第一传动杆与梯形翘翘板下端角处的微型轴连接,变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上、并经第二传动杆与翘翘板上小轴活动连接、经扇形齿轮与破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合,变频电动机经导线与控制模块连接。 [0004] The present invention is taken to implement technical solutions are: The equipment consists of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper, trapezoidal seesaw, breaker, curved blade, variable frequency motors and control modules, trapezoid seesaw through bracket at four the bevel-shaped hopper wall, breaker connected via a bearing on a rectangular table shaped hopper, curved blade through the guide tube connected to the inner corners of the rectangular table shaped hopper, and through the first transmission rod and the lower corners of the trapezoid seesaw micro shaft connection, inverter motor is bolted through the hopper outer wall of a rectangular-shaped table, and by the second lever and the transmission activity on the seesaw small shaft is connected, via the sector gear and the gear shaft breaker, inverter motor control via wire module.

[0005] 为了让四棱台形料斗内的冰冻砂块有效破碎使中砂顺畅下落,设置的变频电动机有两台,经导线与控制模块连接,均由控制模块控制,第一台变频电动机轴端有转动轮,转动轮上的偏心轴与第二传动杆连接,第二传动杆与翘翘板上小轴活动连接,第一台变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁一侧、相邻的一侧经固定架、螺栓连接着第二台变频电动机、第二台变频电动机经扇形齿轮与破碎机端轴的齿轮啮合。 [0005] In order to make a rectangular flat-shaped blocks of frozen sand hopper sand effectively broken so smooth whereabouts inverter motor has two settings, and the control module is connected via wires, by the control module, the first inverter motor shaft There are rotating wheel, the eccentric shaft and the second drive wheel rod connection, the second drive rod and a small shaft connected to the activity on the seesaw, the first inverter motor is bolted through a rectangular-shaped hopper outer side of the station, adjacent side by the holder, bolting the second variable frequency electric motor, gear motor through the second frequency sector gear engaging end of the shaft crusher.

[0006] 为了让四棱台形料斗内的中砂有效降低水分,使中砂顺畅下落,设置的翘翘板有两块,经支架分别设置在四棱台形料斗内相对的两个内壁上、并经带翻板的第三传动杆与翘翘板上的小轴活动连接,每块翘翘板的上侧及左右两侧与四棱台形料斗壁之间经能胀缩的防护罩连接,能胀缩的防护罩一侧与翘翘板粘接、另一侧与四棱台形料斗壁粘接,防护罩能防止中砂落入翘翘板与料斗壁之间的缝隙内,以免阻挡翘翘板的运动;翘翘板内设置有电加热板,该电加热板经导线与温度控制器连接,而温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接并由控制模块控制,对中砂进行加热破碎,降低中砂含水率,提高中砂、搅拌混凝土的温度,加快混凝土凝固速度、防止混凝土冻伤确保混凝土质量。 [0006] In order to make a rectangular flat-shaped hopper to reduce the moisture in the sand, making sand smooth whereabouts seesaw has two settings, the bracket are provided on both the inner wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper relative, and The third drive rod and a small shaft seesaw activity on the band-flap connection between the upper side of each block and the left and right sides of a seesaw and a quadrangular trapezoidal hopper walls can swell shrink by shield connection can be Expansion and contraction of the shield side seesaw adhesive, the other side of a rectangular table-shaped hopper wall adhesives, protective cover to prevent sand falls within the gap seesaw between the hopper wall, so as not to block the upturned motion plate; within seesaw with an electrical heating plate, the electric heating plate temperature controller is connected via the wire, and the temperature controller is connected by wire to the control module control module control, heated sand crushing, reduce sand moisture content, improve the sand, stirring temperature of concrete, concrete accelerate the solidification rate, to prevent frostbite ensure that concrete quality concrete.

[0007] 为了使四棱台形料斗内中砂顺畅下落,对中砂加热翻动、破碎冻结砂块,降低中砂含水率,加快混凝土凝固速度提高混凝土质量,设置的破碎机,由条形破碎刀片、转动轴及齿轮组成,破碎刀片垂直焊接在转动轴上,但破碎刀片的横断面和转动轴构成一个不等于90的夹角,而转动轴端经销钉连接着齿轮,该转动轴为圆柱筒形,它的一端为开口,从开口插入有电加热棒,电加热棒经绝缘材料固定在半球形法兰盘上、并经半球形法兰盘及螺栓与四棱台形料斗外壁连接,电加热棒经导线与温度控制器连接,温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接,并由控制模块控制;该破碎器有两个,平行设置在四棱台形料斗中,两个破碎器的刀片交叉排列,第一个破碎器轴端只有一个齿轮,第二个破碎器轴端有两个齿轮、其中轴外端的一个齿轮和第二台变频电动机轴端的扇形齿轮啮合,另一个齿轮和过桥齿轮啮合,而过桥齿轮又和第一个破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合,而过桥齿轮经销钉连接在轴上、过桥齿轮的轴经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上,过桥齿轮轴的中段经轴承与支撑架连接,支撑架经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗壁上,过桥齿轮轴端还有一个经销钉连接的齿轮,该齿轮与第二台变频电动机轴端的扇形齿轮转动时啮合,过桥齿轮的轴可转动。 [0007] In order to make the internal 四棱 sand smooth trapezoidal hopper whereabouts of sand 加热 flip, broken blocks of frozen sand, reducing the moisture content of the sand, to accelerate the solidification rate of concrete to improve concrete quality, setting the crusher, the crushing blade 条形, and rotary shaft gears, vertical welded crushing blade rotating shaft, but the crushing blade cross-section and constituting the rotation axis is not equal to an angle of 90 , while the rotation of the gear shaft is connected to the Distribution nail, the axis of rotation of the cylinder barrel, it's an opening at one end, is inserted from the opening electric heating rods, electric heating rods through the insulating material is fixed to the hemispherical flange, and by a hemispherical flange and bolts and the outer wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper connection, electricity heating rods connected by wires to a temperature controller, temperature controller and control module is connected via the wire by the control module controls; the crusher has two parallel sets arranged in a rectangular-shaped hopper, blade staggered two breakers sector gear first crusher shaft has only one gear, the second breaker shaft with two gears, wherein the outer end of a gear shaft and the second frequency of the motor shaft engages another gear and idler gear meshing , and again, and the first idler gear shaft of the gear is broken, and the bridge is connected to the shaft gear Business nail shaft idler gear connected via the bearing outer wall of a rectangular table-shaped hopper, idler gear shaft in the middle After bearing and support frame connected to the support frame by engagement bolted quadrangular trapezoidal hopper wall, idler gear shaft and a distribution of nails connection gear, the gear and the sector gear shaft of the second electric motor rotation frequency, idler gear shaft rotatably.

[0008] 为了使四棱台形料斗内中砂顺畅下落减小四个内角的摩擦力,在四棱台形料斗四个内角设置成弧形角并有弧形刮板,该弧形刮板由导向杆和刮板本体组成,刮板本体上的把手穿过弧形角、导向筒上的狭缝焊接在导向杆上,导向杆上的微型轴可在弧形角、导向筒上的狭缝内滑动,并经第一传动杆与翘翘板下端角处的微型轴连接。 [0008] In order to make the inner quadrangular trapezoidal hopper sand smooth whereabouts of four interior angles reduce friction in rectangular trapezoidal hopper four interior angles arranged arc-shaped and has a curved blade, the blade by the arcuate guide lever and the blade body composition, grip the blade on the body through the arc-shaped slit guide tube welded on the guide rod, the guide rod axis micro slit on the curved inner corner, the guide tube slide, and connected via a first transmission rod and micro-axis angle at the lower end of the seesaw.

[0009] 本发明的积极效果是:结构新颖、操作简便,料斗内中砂均可顺畅下落,四角处不再有附着的中砂,给混凝土搅拌站自动化控制设备提供供料保障、配料精准、上料及时,使用性能稳定、坚固耐用,实用性强;比现有技术设备可减少大量不必要的电能损失、人工及机械费损失;对于含水率在8%以上中砂,既可破碎并化解冰冻结块中砂、降低含水率使中砂顺畅下落,又能提高中砂温度,保障混凝土在冬季的施工质量,再也不会因料斗堵塞而拖延施工工期、增大工程成本,彻底解决了因此造成的,混凝土质量以及工期违约罚款等问题。 [0009] The positive effect of the present invention are: novel structure, easy to operate, the hopper can smooth sand falling, there is no longer attached to the four corners in the sand, to the concrete mixing plant automation control equipment to provide feed guarantees precise ingredients, When the materials, stable performance, durable, practical; can reduce a lot of unnecessary energy loss, loss of labor and machinery costs than the prior art device; for more than 8% moisture content in the sand, both broken and resolve frozen lumps in the sand, so to reduce the moisture content of the sand smooth whereabouts, but also improve the sand temperature, protect concrete in winter construction quality, never because of delays in the construction period hopper clogging, increasing the project cost, solve the thus causing the concrete quality and duration of default fines.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0010] 附图1为本发明外部结构示意图; [0010] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the external structure of the invention;

附图2为附图1的侧视图; Figure 2 is a side view of the accompanying drawings;

附图3为附图1的俯视图; Figure 3 is a plan view of FIG. 1 of the accompanying drawings;

附图4为附图3上的A — A剖视图; 附图5为附图3上的B — B向剖视图(即刮板本体与导向杆、导向筒、弧形角以及四棱台形外壁连接相对位置示意图); Figure 4 for the A 3 on the drawings - A cross-sectional view; Figure 5 is drawing on the B 3 - B to a cross-sectional view of the connection (ie the blade body and the guide bar, the guide tube, curved corners and a rectangular outer wall opposite Taiwan Location diagram);

附图6为附图3上的破碎机轴内电加热棒及端部半球形法兰盘大样示意图; Figure 6 is drawing crusher inner shaft electric heating rods and end hemispherical flange on a large sample Scheme 3;

附图7为控制模块与变频电动机、温度控制器连接示意图,以及温度控制器与电加热棒、电加热板连接示意图。 Figure 7 for the control module and inverter motor, temperature controller connection diagram, and a temperature controller and electric heating rods, electric heating plate connection diagram.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0011] 本发明如附图1、2、3所示,该设备由四棱台形料斗1、梯形翘翘板2、破碎器3、弧形刮板4、变频电动机5及控制模块8组成,梯形翘翘板2经支架21连接在四棱台形料斗I内壁上、破碎器3经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗I上,弧形刮板4经导向筒11与四棱台形料斗I内四角处连接、并经第一传动杆22与梯形翘翘板2下端角处的微型轴23连接,变频电动机5经固定架6及螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗I外壁上、并经第二传动杆24与梯形翘翘板2上小轴活动连接,变频电动机5经扇形齿轮521与破碎器3轴端的齿轮啮合,变频电动机5经导线28与控制模块8连接。 [0011] The present invention as shown in figures 2, 3, the device consists of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper 1, trapezoidal seesaw 2, 3 broken, curved blade 4, inverter motor control module 5 and 8 composition, Keystone seesaw 2 by brackets 21 attached to the inner wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper I, breaker 3 is connected via a bearing on a rectangular-shaped hopper table I, curved blade 4 through the guide tube 11 and a rectangular table at the four corners of the I-shaped hopper connection, and by the micro shaft 22 and the lower corners of the trapezoid seesaw 2 of the first drive rod 23 is connected, the frequency of the motor 5 through the holder 6 and bolted in a rectangular-shaped hopper I outer wall of the station, and by the second drive rod 24 connection with the activity on the trapezoid seesaw small shaft 2, inverter motor 5 through the sector gear 521 and the broken shaft of gear 3, inverter motor 5 via the wire 28 is connected to the control module 8. 为了使四棱台形料斗I内的中砂、顺畅下落,且有效破碎冰冻砂块,提高中砂温度,降低中砂含水率,设置的变频电动机5有两台,经导线28与控制模块8连接并由控制模块8控制,第一台变频电动机51轴端有转动轮511、转动轮511上的偏心轴与第二传动杆24连接,第二传动杆24与梯形翘翘板2上的小轴活动连接;第一台变频电动机51经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗I外壁一侧,相邻的外壁一侧经固定架6及螺栓连接着第二台变频电动机52,第二台变频电动机52经扇形齿轮521与破碎器3轴端的齿轮啮合;设置的梯形翘翘板2有两块,经支架21分别连接在四棱台形料斗I相对的两个内壁上,并经带矩形翻板251的第三传动杆25与梯形翘翘板2上的小轴活动连接,每块梯形翘翘板2的上侧及左右两侧与四棱台料斗壁之间经能胀缩的防护罩26连接,能胀缩的防护罩26 —侧与梯形翘翘板2粘接,另一侧与四棱台形料斗I壁粘接,防护罩26能防止中砂落入梯形翘翘板2与四棱台形料斗I壁之间的缝隙内,以免阻挡梯形翘翘板的运动;梯形翘翘板2内设置有电加热板27,该电加热板27经导线28与温度控制器29连接,温度控制器29经导线28与控制模块8连接并由控制模块8控制,可提高中砂拌和混凝土的温度,加快混凝土的凝固,确保混凝土质量(如附图1、2、3、4、7所示);而设置的破碎器3由破碎刀片31、转动轴32及齿轮组成,破碎刀片31垂直焊接在转动轴32上,但破碎刀片31的横断面和转动轴32构成一个不等于90的夹角,使其翻砂破碎效果更好,转动轴32端经销钉连接着齿轮,该转动轴32为圆柱筒形,它的一端为开口,从开口处插入有电加热棒321,电加热棒321经绝缘材料固定在半球形法兰盘322上,并经半球形法兰盘322及螺栓与四棱台形料斗I外壁连接,电加热棒321经导线28与温度控制器29连接,温度控制器29经导线28与控制模块8连接并由控制模块8控制;该破碎器3有两个、平行设置在四棱台形料斗I中,两个破碎器的破碎刀片交叉排列,第一个破碎器30轴端只有一个齿轮301,第二个破碎器300轴端有两个齿轮、其中轴外端的一齿轮3002和第二台变频电动机52轴端的扇形齿轮521啮合、另一个齿轮3001和过桥齿轮7啮合,过桥齿轮7又和第一个破碎器30轴端的齿轮301啮合,而过桥齿轮7轴端经轴承与四棱台形料斗I外壁连接,过桥齿轮7轴的中段经轴承与支撑架71连接,而支撑架71经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗I外壁上,过桥齿轮7与轴经销钉连接,过桥齿轮7轴端的一个齿轮72也经销钉连接,该过桥齿轮7轴端的齿轮72和第二台变频电动机52轴端的扇形齿轮521啮合,过桥齿轮7的轴可转动(如附图1、2、3、4、6、7所示)。 In order to make a rectangular flat-shaped hopper I within the sand, falling smoothly and effectively crushing frozen blocks of sand, sand temperature increase, reducing the moisture content of the sand, set of 5 with two inverter motor, the wire 28 is connected with the control module 8 controlled by the control module 8, the first inverter motor shaft 51 has rotated round 511, the eccentric shaft rotates wheel 511 and the second drive rod 24 is connected, the second drive rod 24 and the trapezoidal small shaft 2 on the seesaw active connections; first inverter motor 51 via bolted quadrangular trapezoidal hopper I outer side of the outer wall of the adjacent side of the holder 6 and bolted through the second variable frequency motor 52, the second motor 52 by the inverter sector gear 521 and the broken shaft of gear 3; Set 2 has two trapezoidal seesaw, the first holder 21 are connected by two sets of the inner wall of a rectangular-shaped hopper I opposed, and by 251 with a rectangular flap Activity 2 seesaw small shaft 25 on the drive rod and connecting three trapezoid, trapezoid on each side between the left and right sides of the hopper wall and a rectangular table seesaw can swell shrink by 2 protective cover 26 is attached, can Expansion shrink shield 26 - and a ladder seesaw second adhesive side, the other side of the wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper I bonded shield 26 can prevent the sand falling into the trapezoid seesaw 2 with a rectangular trapezoidal hopper I within the gap between the walls, so as not to block the Keystone seesaw motion; trapezoidal seesaw 2 is provided with electric heating plate 27, the electric heating plate 27 is connected via line 28 29 temperature controller, temperature controller 29 via the wire 8 is connected to the control module 28 by the control module 8 controls can be improved sand concrete mixing temperature, accelerate the solidification of concrete, to ensure the quality of concrete (as shown in figures 1 through 4); and set up breaker 3 by the crushing blade 31, the rotary shaft 32 and the gears, crushing blade 31 vertically welded on the rotating shaft 32, but the cross section and the crushing blade 31 of the rotational shaft 32 constitute an angle not equal to 90 , making foundry Broken better, the rotational shaft 32 is connected to the gear end distribution nails, the rotary shaft 32 is a cylindrical barrel, which is open at one end, is inserted through the opening 321 electric heating rods, electric heating rods 321 through the insulating material is fixed in the hemisphere the shaped flange 322, and by the domed flange 322 and the bolt and the outer wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper I connection, electric heating rods 321 via the wire 28 is connected to a temperature controller 29. The temperature controller 29 via the wire 28 and the control module 8 is connected to the control by the control module 8; the breaker 3 has two parallel sets arranged in a rectangular-shaped hopper I, two broken cross the crushing blade arrangement, the first breaker 30 has only one gear shaft 301, The second has two broken gear shaft 300, wherein the outer end of a gear shaft 3002 and the second frequency of the motor shaft 52 of the sector gear 521 engages another gear meshing gears 7 3001 and the bridge, cross the bridge and gear 7 and a crusher shaft gear 301 meshing 30, and idler gear shaft via a bearing 7 and the outer wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper I connected to the middle of the bridge gear 7 via a bearing shaft 71 is connected with the support frame, and the support frame 71 After bolting the rectangular-shaped hopper I outer wall of the station, cross the bridge connected to the shaft gear 7 Business nails, a gear shaft idler gear 7 of 72 also distributes nail connection, the idler gear 7 gear shaft 72 and the second frequency the motor shaft 52 of the sector gear 521 engages idler gear shaft 7 rotatable (as shown in the drawings 1,2,3,4,6,7). 为了减小中砂在四个角的下滑时摩擦力,在四棱台形料斗I四个内角处设置成弧形角12,并设置有弧形刮板4,该弧形刮板4由导向杆41和刮板本体42组成,刮板本体42的弧形端有刮板把手43,刮板把手43穿过弧形角12及导向筒11上的狭缝111与导向杆41垂直焊接,导向杆41与导向筒11承插连接,导向杆41沿导向筒11滑动,导向杆41经微型轴与第一传动杆22 —端连接,第一传动杆22另一端与梯形翘翘板2下端角处的微型轴23连接,导向筒11连接在四棱台形料斗I四个内角与弧形角12之间(如附图3、4、5所示)。 In order to reduce the sand at the four corners of the decline in friction, in rectangular trapezoidal hopper I arranged four inner corners curved corner 12, and is provided with a curved blade 4, the curved blade 4 by the guide rod 41 and the blade body 42 composed of curved end scraper blade body 42 has a handle 43, a blade handle 43 through the slits 111 and the arc-shaped guide 12 and the guide cylinder 11 on the lever 41 vertical welding, guide bar 41 and the guide cylinder 11 socket connection, the guide bar 41 slide along the guide tube 11, the guide bar 41 by micro-axis with the first transmission lever 22 - end of the first drive rod 22 the other end of the lower corners of the trapezoid seesaw 2 The micro shaft 23 is connected, the guide tube 11 is connected in a quadrangular trapezoidal hopper four inside corners and arc angle I between 12 (as shown in figures 3,4,5).

[0012] 本发明工作原理及使用方法:本发明为混凝土搅拌站使用的自动控制上料机传送带上的四棱台形料斗,将中砂放入四棱台形料斗I中,操作控制模块8,启动两台变频电动机5,第一台变频电动机51轴端的转动轮511经偏心轴连接的第二传动杆24推动梯形翘翘板2翘动,由于两个梯形翘翘板2之间经带矩形翻板251的第三传动杆25与梯形翘翘板2上的小轴连接,两个梯形翘翘板2对四棱形料斗I内的中砂进行推拉翻动,同时第三传动杆25上矩形翻板251对中砂也进行推拉翻动,又因第三传动杆25上的翻板251处在四棱台形料斗的下口,并且两梯形翘翘板2的下端也处在四棱台形料斗I下口,运动起来的中砂便落到传送带上被运走;对于含水率在8%以上的中砂和含有碎小的冻结砂块的中砂,以及装载机装入料斗内的中砂、密度加大又很难下落的中砂,操作控制模块8,启动温控器29,使梯形翘翘板2内的电加热板27以及破碎器3内的电加热棒321加热、破碎器3转动将碎小冻结砂块破碎并翻动加热融化,降低其水分,提高中砂温度,而破碎器3平行设置了两个、且两转动轴32上的破碎刀片31交叉排列,第二台变频电动机52转动时,第二台变频电动机52轴端的扇形齿轮521与过桥齿轮7轴端的齿轮72及第二个破碎器300轴外端的齿轮3002交替啮合,使两破碎器3轴上的破碎刀片交替上下破碎及翻动中砂、使中砂流动,自动落到传送带上被带走;对于四棱台形料斗四角处的中砂,在弧形刮板4的作用下以及弧形角12的设置,中砂也能流动起来,使中砂下滑到传送带上被带走,由于梯形翘翘板2下端角处的微型轴23经第一传动杆22带动导向杆41、而导向杆41沿导向筒11滑动,而刮板本体42上的把手43经弧形角12、导向筒11上的狭缝焊接在导向杆41上,因此梯形翘翘板2的连续翘动,弧形刮板也连续不断地刮动中砂、使四棱台形料斗内再也没有阻碍中砂下落的死角,开始上料和停止上料时以及上料的多少均可由控制操作平台及控制模块8来实现,给自动控制上料,配料设备提供了保障。 [0012] The working principle and method of the present invention: the automatic control of the present invention is the use of a rectangular concrete mixing station trapezoidal hopper feeder on the conveyor, the sand into a rectangular flat-shaped hopper I, the operation control module 8, start Two inverter motor 5, the second transmission rod 51 first inverter motor shaft rotating wheel 511 through the eccentric shaft 24 connected to the seesaw 2 Alice pushing trapezoidal move, since the two trapezoidal seesaw between 2 rectangles turn by the band Plate 251 is connected to the third transmission lever 25 trapezoid seesaw small shaft 2, the two trapezoidal seesaw two pairs of four prism within the hopper I flip sand sliding, while the third drive lever 25 on a rectangular turn plate 251 pairs of sand also sliding flip, because the flap 25 on the third drive rod 251 in a rectangular table at the mouth shape of the hopper, and the lower two trapezoidal seesaw 2 is also in a rectangular-shaped hopper I next station mouth, movement up the sand will fall to be carried away on a conveyor belt; for the moisture content of more than 8% of the sand and sand containing Suixiao frozen blocks of sand, and the loader loaded inside the hopper in the sand, density and very difficult to increase the falling sand, the operation control module 8, start thermostat 29, so that within a trapezoid seesaw 2 electric hot plate 27 and the breaker electric heating rods heated for 3 321 within 3 Turn the breaker Suixiao frozen blocks of sand and broken flip heated to melt, reducing its moisture and increase in sand temperature, and breaker 3 set up two parallel and two rotating crushing blade 31 on the shaft 32 staggered, the second inverter motor 52 is rotated , the second inverter motor shaft 52 of the sector gear 521 and idler gear 7 gear shaft 72 and the second outer end of the broken gear shaft 300 alternately engaging 3002, so that the two breakers 3 alternately up and down the shaft of the broken blade broken and turning in the sand, making sand flow, automatically fall on the conveyor belt was taken away; for the sand hopper quadrangular trapezoidal four corners, and in the role of the curved blade 4 and the arc angle setting 12, the sand also can flow together, so that sand fell onto the conveyor belt was taken away, because the micro-axis trapezoidal angle at the lower end of the seesaw 2 23 22 driven by the first drive rod guide bar 41, and the guide bar 11 slide along the guide tube 41, and handle 42 on the body 43 by the arc-shaped blade 12, the slit 11 of the guide tube welded at 41 to the guide bar, thus moving a ladder seesaw continuous Alice 2, curved blade has a continuous scraping action in sand, so no obstacle in the blind spot of sand fall within a rectangular trapezoidal hopper, start feeding and stop feeding and how many can be controlled by the control module 8 operating platform and to realize the material, to the automatic control materials, ingredients equipment provided a guarantee.

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN104608250B *15 Feb 201531 Aug 2016河南恒禹水利工程有限公司一种机器人配料斗
Classifications
International ClassificationB02C18/14, B28C7/08
Cooperative ClassificationB28C7/067, B65D88/744, B28C7/0076, B28C7/0007
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