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Publication numberCN104608250 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 201510081469
Publication date31 Aug 2016
Filing date15 Feb 2015
Priority date15 Feb 2015
Also published asCN104608250A
Publication number201510081469.7, CN 104608250 B, CN 104608250B, CN 201510081469, CN-B-104608250, CN104608250 B, CN104608250B, CN201510081469, CN201510081469.7
Inventors程顺中, 王予洁, 胡浩, 张厚根, 蔡时雨, 魏国宏, 张相阳, 杨英鸽, 杨自飞, 周虎, 李磊, 张纯鑫, 余军, 李红秀, 张翠果, 刘兴稳, 陈春玲, 曹晓梅, 刘宇飞
Applicant河南恒禹水利工程有限公司, 罗涛
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
一种机器人配料斗 A robot batching hopper translated from Chinese
CN 104608250 B
Abstract  translated from Chinese
一种机器人配料斗,它由四棱台形料斗,梯形翘翘板、破碎器、弧形刮板、变频电动机及控制模块组成,梯形翘翘板经支架连接在四棱台形料斗内壁上,破碎器经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗上,弧形刮板经导向筒与四棱台形料斗四角处连接、并经第一传动杆与梯形翘翘板下端角处微型轴连接,变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上、并经第二传动杆与翘翘板上的小轴连接、经扇形齿轮与破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合,变频电动机经导线与控制模块连接。 A robot fighting ingredient, which consists of a rectangular-shaped hopper table, trapezoidal seesaw, breaker, curved blade, motor and inverter control module, trapezoidal seesaw via bracket on the inner wall of a rectangular table-shaped hopper, crusher connected via a bearing on a rectangular-shaped hopper table, curved blade through the guide tube and a rectangular-shaped units connected at the four corners of the hopper and micro shaft connected via a first transmission rod and the lower end of the seesaw trapezoid corners, variable frequency electric motor through bolted rectangular trapezoidal hopper outer wall and is connected through a small shaft of the second drive rod and on the seesaw, the sector gear and the gear shaft breaker, frequency motor control module is connected via the wire. 本发明结构新颖,送料顺畅,无堵塞现象、性能稳定、坚固耐用,实用性强。 Novel structure of the present invention, smooth feeding, no clogging, stable performance, durable and practical.
Claims(3)  translated from Chinese
1.一种机器人配料斗,其特征在于:它由四棱台形料斗,梯形翘翘板、破碎器、弧形刮板、变频电动机及控制模块组成,梯形翘翘板经支架连接在四棱台形料斗内壁上,破碎器经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗上,弧形刮板经导向筒与四棱台形料斗内四角处连接、并经第一传动杆与梯形翘翘板下端角处微型轴连接,变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上,并经第二传动杆与翘翘板上小轴连接、经扇形齿轮与破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合,变频电动机经导线与控制模块连接;所述的破碎器,由条形破碎刀片,破碎器轴及齿轮组成,条形破碎刀片焊接在破碎器轴上,破碎器轴端经销钉连接着齿轮,该破碎器有两个、平行设置在四棱台形料斗中、两个破碎器的条形破碎刀片交叉排列,其中一个破碎器轴端有一个齿轮,另一个破碎器轴端有两个齿轮、其中破碎器轴外端的一个齿轮和变频电动机轴上的扇形齿轮啮合,而两个破碎器轴端的齿轮均有一个和过桥齿轮啮合,而过桥齿轮经销钉与轴连接,该轴经轴承及支撑架连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上,过桥齿轮轴端还有一个齿轮和变频电动机轴端的扇形齿轮转动时嗤合;所述的破碎器轴为圆柱筒形,一端为开口,从开口处插入有电加热棒,电加热棒经绝缘材料固定在半球形法兰盘上,并经半球形法兰盘及螺栓与四棱台形料斗外壁连接,电加热棒经导线与温度控制器连接,温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接,破碎器轴的另一端带齿轮,所述的翘翘板有两块,经支架分别连接在四棱台形料斗内相对的两个内壁上、并经第三传动杆与翘翘板上的小轴活动连接,每块翘翘板的上侧及左右两侧与四棱台形料斗壁之间经能胀缩的防护罩连接,翘翘板内部设置有电加热板、该电加热板经导线与温度控制器连接,温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接。 1. A robot batching hopper, characterized in that: it consists of a rectangular-shaped hopper table, trapezoidal seesaw, breaker, curved blade, motor and inverter control module, seesaw via ladder bracket connected rectangular-shaped table on the inner wall of the hopper, crusher via a bearing attached to a rectangular-shaped hopper table, curved blade through the guide tube and the inner quadrangular trapezoidal hopper connected at the four corners, and through the first transmission rod with trapezoidal lower corner miniature seesaw shaft , the frequency of the motor is bolted through a rectangular-shaped hopper outer wall of the station, and by the second drive rod and the seesaw small shaft, the sector gear and the gear shaft breaker, frequency motor control module is connected via wire; the breaker described by the strip crushing blade, broken shafts and gears, strip crushing blade welded to the shaft breaker, breaker distribution nail shaft connected to the gear, which has two broken, arranged in parallel in the four bevel-shaped hopper, two breaker crushing blade cross bar arrangement, in which a breaker shaft has a gear, another breaker shaft has two gears, one of the broken gear shaft and the outer end of the motor shaft frequency sector gear on, while the two breaker has a gear shaft and idler gear meshing, and idler gear shaft Business nails connected by the shaft and bearing support bracket attached to a rectangular-shaped hopper outer wall of the station, too bridge gear shaft and a gear motor and frequency sector gear shaft rotates laugh together; the broken shaft of a cylindrical barrel, one end is open, from the opening to insert electric heating rods, electric heating rods through the insulating material fixed to the hemispherical flange, and by a hemispherical flange and bolt with a rectangular trapezoidal hopper outer wall connection, electric heating rods connected by wires to a temperature controller, temperature controller via the wire with the control module, the broken shaft the other end with a gear, the seesaw has two, the bracket are connected to the two opposite inner walls of the inner quadrangular trapezoidal hopper, and by the third drive rod shaft small seesaw activity on the connection, on each side of the seesaw can swell and shrink by around shield connection provided inside seesaw between the two sides and a rectangular trapezoidal hopper wall electric heating plate, the electric heating plate temperature controller is connected via the wire the temperature controller is connected to the wire with the control module.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种机器人配料斗,其特征在于:所述的变频电动机有两台,第一台变频电动机轴端有转动轮、并经转动轮上偏心轴与第二传动杆连接,第二传动杆与翘翘板上的小轴活动连接,第一台变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁一侧、相邻的一侧经螺栓连接着第二台变频电动机、第二台变频电动机经扇形齿轮与破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合。 2. A robot according to claim 1, wherein the ingredients bucket, wherein: the inverter has two motors, variable frequency motor shaft has a first rotary wheel, and the wheel is rotated by the eccentric shaft and the second transmission connecting rod, and a second drive rod shaft small seesaw activity connections on the first inverter via the electric motor is bolted to the outer side of the hopper-shaped rectangular table adjacent side by bolting the second variable frequency electric motor, second frequency conversion motor through the sector gear and the gear shaft breaker.
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种机器人配料斗,其特征在于:所述的弧形刮板由导向杆、刮板本体组成,刮板本体上把手焊接在导向杆上,导向杆上的微型轴经第一传动杆与梯形翘翘板下端角处的微型轴连接。 A robot according to claim 1, wherein the batching bucket, characterized in that: said blade by the arcuate guide bar, the composition of the blade body, the blade body is welded to the handle guide bar, the guide bar micro shaft axis of the first transmission rod via miniature seesaw lower trapezoidal corner connection.
Description  translated from Chinese
一种机器人配料斗 A robot batching hopper

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及建筑施工设备技术领域,特别适用于混凝土搅拌自动控制上料设备中的四棱台形料斗。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of construction equipment, especially for concrete mixing automatic control feeding device quadrangular trapezoidal hopper.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前混凝土搅拌站使用的自动控制上料设备中,四棱台形料斗有装震动器和螺旋推动器两种,都是为了使四棱台形料斗中的中砂自动下落到传送带或落到搅拌机中;装震动器和装螺旋推动器的四棱台形料斗均适用于砂粒均匀、含水率在8%以下,流动性较好的中砂,而对于含水率在8%以上的中砂、或带有碎小的冰冻结块的中砂,就很难适用了,往往造成四棱台形料斗内中砂堵塞,不能下落,并且也不符合拌合混凝土规范要求,碎小的冰冻结块的中砂容易造成浇筑的混凝土出现蜂窝,这也是造成浇筑混凝土严重的质量事故原因之一,装载机将中砂自上而下倒入四棱台形料斗时、冲击力大、加大了中砂在四棱台形料斗内的堆积密度,而湿度较大的中砂、粘结强度也大,支撑力较大,加之在震动器的震动作用下,使中砂沿四棱台形料斗坡壁四个方向往下口聚集,而传送带与四棱台形料斗下口间的距离又小,在传送带不传送时装入中砂,更加密实,不能流动,特别是四棱台形料斗四角处的中砂更难下滑,失去了流动性,不能自动下落;而螺旋推动器推动四棱台形料斗内中砂时,形成下空上篷,也不能使中砂自动下落,使自动上料设备失去了自动控制配料和上料功能,还需要工人用铁锹一锹锹将中砂挖出,待畅通后,再将中砂一锹一锹装入四棱台形料斗内,这样浪费了大量的时间、人工及机械费,并且又要拖延施工工期、经常造成混凝土工程冻伤质量事故及增大工程成本。 [0002] the use of concrete mixing station automatic control feeding device, quadrangular trapezoidal hopper there is two kinds of screw propellers mounted vibrators and present, are intended to enable a rectangular-shaped table in the sand hopper automatically fall into or onto a conveyor belt blender; mounted vibrators and mounted screw propellers quadrangular trapezoidal hopper are applicable to sand evenly, the moisture content of 8% or less, better mobility in the sand, and the water content in the sand at more than 8%, or band there Suixiao frozen lumps in the sand, it is difficult to apply, often resulting in the quadrangular trapezoidal hopper sand clogging, it can not fall, and do not meet the regulatory requirements of concrete mix, Suixiao frozen lumps of sand when pouring concrete appear likely to cause cellular, one of which is caused by the pouring of concrete serious quality cause of the accident, the loader will pour sand from top to bottom rectangular trapezoidal hopper, the impact force, increased sand in quadrangular Taiwan-shaped hopper bulk density, and humidity of the sand, bond strength is also large, support a larger force, under the combined effect of vibration vibrators, so that sand along four directions quadrangular trapezoidal hopper wall slope down port aggregation, and the lower belt with a rectangular-shaped hopper table distance between the mouth and small, is not transferred into the sand in fashion belts, more dense, it can not flow, especially in sand rectangular-shaped table at the four corners of the hopper fell harder, losing liquidity, does not automatically fall; and spiral pusher pushes the empty station canopy within a rectangular shaped hopper in the sand, formed under the sand nor can automatically fall, the automatic feeding device automatic control lost ingredients and feeding function, workers also need a spade a spade shovel to dig in the sand, until smooth, and then the sand in a spade a spade-shaped hopper mounted rectangular table, such a waste of a lot of time, labor and machinery costs, and delays but also construction period, often resulting in concrete engineering quality accidents frostbite and increasing the project cost.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]本发明的目的是:提供一种机器人配料斗,该设备能克服背景技术中的不足、并兼具其优点,能实现不受碎小的冰冻结块中砂影响,能使四棱台形料斗内的中砂自动下落顺畅,整个四棱台形料斗内没有附着中砂的死角,给自动化控制设备的配料、上料提供了保障。 [0003] The object of the present invention are: to provide a robot fighting ingredient, the device can overcome the lack of background art, and both its advantages can be achieved without Suixiao frozen sand caking effects make quadrangular Taiwan-shaped hopper sand automatically fall smoothly without adhering sand dead throughout the quadrangular trapezoidal hopper, automation control equipment to the ingredients, the material provided a guarantee.

[0004]实现本发明所采取的技术方案是:该设备由四棱台形料斗、梯形翘翘板、破碎器、弧形刮板、变频电动机及控制模块组成,梯形翘翘板经支架连接在四棱台形料斗内壁上、破碎器经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗上,弧形刮板经导向筒与四棱台形料斗内四角处连接、并经第一传动杆与梯形翘翘板下端角处的微型轴连接,变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上、并经第二传动杆与翘翘板上小轴活动连接、经扇形齿轮与破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合,变频电动机经导线与控制模块连接。 [0004] The present invention is to achieve technical solutions are adopted: The equipment consists of a rectangular-shaped hopper units, trapezoidal seesaw, breaker, curved blade, motor and inverter control module, trapezoidal seesaw through four bracket shaped bevel on the inner wall of the hopper, crusher via a bearing attached to a rectangular-shaped hopper table, curved blade through the guide tube connected to the inner quadrangular trapezoidal hopper at the corners, and after the first transmission lever and the lower corners of the trapezoid seesaw micro shaft connected via inverter motor is bolted to the outer wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper, and by the second drive rod and a small shaft connection activity on the seesaw, the sector gear and the gear shaft breaker, frequency and control the motor via the wire modules.

[0005]为了让四棱台形料斗内的冰冻砂块有效破碎使中砂顺畅下落,设置的变频电动机有两台,经导线与控制模块连接,均由控制模块控制,第一台变频电动机轴端有转动轮,转动轮上的偏心轴与第二传动杆连接,第二传动杆与翘翘板上小轴活动连接,第一台变频电动机经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗外壁一侧、相邻的一侧经固定架、螺栓连接着第二台变频电动机、第二台变频电动机经扇形齿轮与破碎器轴端的齿轮啮合。 [0005] In order to make a rectangular trapezoidal blocks of frozen sand hopper sand smooth so effective crushing fall, set the inverter motor has two through wires with the control module, the control by the control module, the first variable frequency motor shaft there rotating wheel, rotating wheel on the eccentric shaft and the second transmission lever is connected, and a second drive rod shaft small seesaw activity on the connection, the first variable frequency electric motor through a rectangular table bolted to the outer side of the hopper-shaped, adjacent by the side of the bracket, bolts connected to the second variable frequency motors, variable frequency electric motor through the second sector gear and the gear shaft breaker.

[0006]为了让四棱台形料斗内的中砂有效降低水分,使中砂顺畅下落,设置的翘翘板有两块,经支架分别设置在四棱台形料斗内相对的两个内壁上、并经带矩形翻板的第三传动杆与翘翘板上的小轴活动连接,每块翘翘板的上侧及左右两侧与四棱台形料斗壁之间经能胀缩的防护罩连接,能胀缩的防护罩一侧与翘翘板粘接、另一侧与四棱台形料斗壁粘接,防护罩能防止中砂落入翘翘板与料斗壁之间的缝隙内,以免阻挡翘翘板的运动;翘翘板内设置有电加热板,该电加热板经导线与温度控制器连接,而温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接并由控制模块控制,对中砂进行加热破碎,降低中砂含水率,提高中砂、搅拌混凝土的温度,加快混凝土凝固速度、防止混凝土冻伤确保混凝土质量。 [0006] In order to make a rectangular flat-shaped hopper to reduce the moisture in the sand, so sand smooth whereabouts seesaw has two settings, the stents are provided on both the inner wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper relative, and the third drive rod and a small shaft on the seesaw activity by connecting with a rectangular flap, the shield can shrink and expansion of the connection between the upper side of each block and the left and right sides of the seesaw and a quadrangular trapezoidal hopper wall, You can shrink and expansion shields seesaw side and adhesive on the other side with a rectangular trapezoidal hopper wall adhesive protective cover to prevent sand falls within the gap between the seesaw and the hopper wall to avoid blocking Alice movement of the rocker; within seesaw with an electrical heating plate, the electric heating plate temperature controller via the wire connection, and the temperature controller is connected by a wire to the control module control module control, heated sand crushing, reduce the moisture content of sand to improve in the sand, stirring temperature of the concrete, to accelerate the rate of solidification of concrete, concrete to prevent frostbite ensure the quality of concrete.

[0007]为了使四棱台形料斗内中砂顺畅下落,对中砂加热翻动、破碎冻结砂块,降低中砂含水率,加快混凝土凝固速度提高混凝土质量,设置的破碎器,由条形破碎刀片、破碎器轴及齿轮组成,破碎刀片垂直焊接在破碎器轴上,但破碎刀片的横断面和转动轴构成一个不等于90的夹角,而破碎器轴端经销钉连接着齿轮,该破碎器轴为圆柱筒形,它的一端为开口,从开口插入有电加热棒,电加热棒经绝缘材料固定在半球形法兰盘上、并经半球形法兰盘及螺栓与四棱台形料斗外壁连接,电加热棒经导线与温度控制器连接,温度控制器经导线与控制模块连接,并由控制模块控制,破碎器轴的另一端带齿轮;该破碎器有两个,平行设置在四棱台形料斗中,两个破碎器的刀片交叉排列,第一个破碎器轴端只有一个齿轮,第二个破碎器轴端有两个齿轮、其中破碎器轴外端的一个齿轮和第二台变频电动机轴端的扇形齿轮嗤合,另一个齿轮和过桥齿轮嗤合,而过桥齿轮又和第一个破碎器轴端的齿轮嗤合,而过桥齿轮经销钉连接在轴上、过桥齿轮的轴经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗外壁上,过桥齿轮轴的中段经轴承与支撑架连接,支撑架经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗壁上,过桥齿轮轴端还有一个经销钉连接的齿轮,该齿轮与第二台变频电动机轴端的扇形齿轮转动时啮合,过桥齿轮的轴可转动。 [0007] In order to make the inner quadrangular trapezoidal hopper smooth sand falling on heated sand flip, broken frozen blocks of sand, sand to reduce the moisture content to accelerate the solidification rate concrete to improve concrete quality, set breaker by crushing blade strip crushing shaft and gears, crushing blade welded vertical shaft breaker, but the crushing blade cross-section and constituting the rotation axis is not equal to an angle of 90 , and the distribution breaker screw shaft connected to the gear, the crushing a cylindrical tubular shaft, one end of which is open, is inserted from the opening of electric heating rods, electric heating rods through the insulating material is fixed to the hemispherical flange, and by a hemispherical flange and bolt with a rectangular-shaped hopper table outer connection, electric heating rods connected by wires to a temperature controller, temperature controller via the wire with the control module by the control module controls, broken shaft at the other end with a gear; this has broken two, arranged in parallel in the four bevel-shaped hopper, two cross breaker blade arrangement, the first shaft breaker has only one gear, the second breaker shaft has two gears, one of the broken gear shaft and the outer end of the second inverter sector gear motor shaft ends laugh together, another gear and idler gear laugh together, and again, and the first idler gear shaft gear breaker laugh together, and the idler gear Business nails attached to the shaft, the idler gear shaft bearing units connected in a rectangular-shaped hopper outer wall of the bridge through the middle of the gear shaft bearing and support frame connected to the support frame via a rectangular desk bolted to the wall-shaped hopper, idler gear shaft there is a distribution of nails connected sector gear, the gear and the shaft of the second electric motor rotation frequency engages idler gear rotatable shaft.

[0008]为了使四棱台形料斗内中砂顺畅下落减小四个内角的摩擦力,在四棱台形料斗四个内角设置成弧形角并有弧形刮板,该弧形刮板由导向杆和刮板本体组成,刮板本体上的把手穿过弧形角、导向筒上的狭缝焊接在导向杆上,导向杆上的微型轴可在弧形角、导向筒上的狭缝内滑动,并经第一传动杆与翘翘板下端角处的微型轴连接。 [0008] In order to make the inner quadrangular trapezoidal hopper sand smooth drop four interior angles reduce friction in a rectangular-shaped hopper table arranged four interior angle arc angle and a curved blade, the blade by the arcuate guide lever and the blade body composition, grip the blade on the body through the arc-shaped slit guide tube welded on the guide rod, the guide rod axis micro slit within the arc-shaped guide tube slide, and is connected via a first transmission rod and micro-axis angle at the lower end of the seesaw.

[0009]本发明的积极效果是:结构新颖、操作简便,料斗内中砂均可顺畅下落,四角处不再有附着的中砂,给混凝土搅拌站自动化控制设备提供供料保障、配料精准、上料及时,使用性能稳定、坚固耐用,实用性强;比现有技术设备可减少不必要的电能损失、人工及机械费损失;对于含水率在8%以上中砂,既可破碎并化解冰冻结块中砂、降低含水率使中砂顺畅下落,又能提高中砂温度,保障混凝土在冬季的施工质量,再也不会因料斗堵塞而拖延施工工期、增大工程成本,彻底解决了因此造成的,混凝土质量以及工期违约罚款等问题。 [0009] The positive effects of the present invention are: novel structure, easy to operate, the hopper can smooth sand falling, there is no longer attached to the four corners in the sand, to the concrete mixing plant automation control equipment to provide feed guarantees precise ingredients, when the materials, stable performance, durable, practical; to reduce unnecessary energy loss than the prior art equipment, labor and machinery costs loss; for more than 8% moisture content in the sand, and saved both break the ice frozen blocks of sand, so to reduce the moisture content of the sand smooth whereabouts, but also improve the sand temperature and guarantees the quality of concrete in construction in winter, no longer be delayed due to clogging hopper construction period, increasing the cost of the project, thus completely solved caused by concrete quality and duration of non-compliance fines and other issues.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010]附图1为本发明外部结构示意图; [0010] FIG. 1 a schematic view of the external structure of the present invention;

[0011]附图2为附图1的侧视图; [0011] Figure 2 is a side view of the accompanying drawings;

[0012]附图3为附图1的俯视图; [0012] Figure 3 is a plan view of the accompanying drawings;

[0013]附图4为附图3上的A—A剖视图; [0013] 4 of the drawings on the A-A 3 a sectional view of the accompanying drawings;

[0014]附图5为附图3上的B — B向剖视图(即刮板本体与导向杆、导向筒、弧形角以及四棱台形外壁连接相对位置示意图); [0014] FIG. 5 is a reference on the B 3 - B to a cross-sectional view (ie, the blade body and the guide bar, the guide tube, curved corner and the outer wall of a rectangular flat-shaped connection schematic relative position);

[0015]附图6为附图3上的破碎器轴内电加热棒及端部半球形法兰盘大样示意图; [0015] FIG. 6 is a reference within the broken shaft and electric heating rods hemispherical end flange 3 on the bulk sample schematic;

[0016]附图7为控制模块与变频电动机、温度控制器连接示意图,以及温度控制器与电加热棒、电加热板连接示意图。 [0016] FIG. 7 is a control module and inverter motor temperature controller connection diagram, and a temperature controller with electric heating rods, electric heating plate connection diagram.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0017]本发明如附图1、2、3所示,该设备由四棱台形料斗1、梯形翘翘板2、破碎器3、弧形刮板4、变频电动机5及控制模块8组成,梯形翘翘板2经支架21连接在四棱台形料斗I内壁上、破碎器3经轴承连接在四棱台形料斗I上,弧形刮板4经导向筒11与四棱台形料斗I内四角处连接、并经第一传动杆22与梯形翘翘板2下端角处的微型轴23连接,变频电动机5经固定架6及螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗I外壁上、并经第二传动杆24与梯形翘翘板2上小轴活动连接,变频电动机5经扇形齿轮521与破碎器3轴端的齿轮啮合,变频电动机5经导线28与控制模块8连接。 [0017] The present invention as shown in figures 1, 2, the device consists of a rectangular-shaped hopper table 1, trapezoidal seesaw 2, 3 broken, curved blade 4, frequency motor control module 5 and 8 composition, trapezoidal seesaw 2 via brackets 21 attached to the inner wall of a rectangular table I-shaped hopper, crusher 3 via a bearing attached to a rectangular-shaped hopper table I, curved blade 4 through the guide tube 11 with a rectangular-shaped table at the four corners of the hopper I connection, and by micro shaft 22 and the trapezoidal seesaw 2 lower corner of the first drive rod 23 is connected, via inverter motor 5 and 6 mounting bracket is bolted to the rectangular-shaped hopper I outer wall of the station, and by the second drive rod 24 connected with the activity on the trapezoidal seesaw small shaft 2, the frequency of the motor 5 via the sector gear 521 and the broken gear shaft 3, the frequency of the motor 5 via the wire 28 is connected to the control module 8. 为了使四棱台形料斗I内的中砂、顺畅下落,且有效破碎冰冻砂块,提高中砂温度,降低中砂含水率,设置的变频电动机5有两台,经导线28与控制模块8连接并由控制模块8控制,第一台变频电动机51轴端有转动轮511、转动轮511上的偏心轴与第二传动杆24连接,第二传动杆24与梯形翘翘板2上的小轴活动连接;第一台变频电动机51经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗I外壁一侧,相邻的外壁一侧经固定架6及螺栓连接着第二台变频电动机52,第二台变频电动机52经扇形齿轮521与破碎器3轴端的齿轮啮合;设置的梯形翘翘板2有两块,经支架21分别连接在四棱台形料斗I相对的两个内壁上,并经带矩形翻板251的第三传动杆25与梯形翘翘板2上的小轴活动连接,每块梯形翘翘板2的上侧及左右两侧与四棱台料斗壁之间经能胀缩的防护罩26连接,能胀缩的防护罩26—侧与梯形翘翘板2粘接,另一侧与四棱台形料斗I壁粘接,防护罩26能防止中砂落入梯形翘翘板2与四棱台形料斗I壁之间的缝隙内,以免阻挡梯形翘翘板的运动;梯形翘翘板2内设置有电加热板27,该电加热板27经导线28与温度控制器29连接,温度控制器29经导线28与控制模块8连接并由控制模块8控制,可提高中砂拌和混凝土的温度,加快混凝土的凝固,确保混凝土质量(如附图1、2、3、4、7所示);而设置的破碎器3由破碎刀片31、破碎器轴32及齿轮组成,破碎刀片31垂直焊接在破碎器轴32上,但破碎刀片31的横断面和破碎器轴32构成一个不等于90的夹角,使其翻砂破碎效果更好,破碎器轴32端经销钉连接着齿轮,该破碎器轴32为圆柱筒形,它的一端为开口,从开口处插入有电加热棒321,电加热棒321经绝缘材料固定在半球形法兰盘322上,并经半球形法兰盘322及螺栓与四棱台形料斗I外壁连接,电加热棒321经导线28与温度控制器29连接,温度控制器29经导线28与控制模块8连接并由控制模块8控制;该破碎器3有两个、平行设置在四棱台形料斗I中,两个破碎器的破碎刀片交叉排列,第一个破碎器30轴端只有一个齿轮301,第二个破碎器300轴端有两个齿轮、其中破碎器轴外端的一齿轮3002和第二台变频电动机52轴端的扇形齿轮521啮合、另一个齿轮3001和过桥齿轮7啮合,过桥齿轮7又和第一个破碎器30轴端的齿轮301啮合,而过桥齿轮7轴端经轴承与四棱台形料斗I外壁连接,过桥齿轮7轴的中段经轴承与支撑架71连接,而支撑架71经螺栓连接在四棱台形料斗I外壁上,过桥齿轮7与轴经销钉连接,过桥齿轮7轴端的一个齿轮72也经销钉连接,该过桥齿轮7轴端的齿轮72和第二台变频电动机52轴端的扇形齿轮521啮合,过桥齿轮7的轴可转动(如附图1、2、3、4、6、7所示)。 In order to make a rectangular-shaped table inside the hopper I sand, smooth drop, sand and effectively crushed ice block, increase in the temperature of the sand to reduce the moisture content of the sand, set the frequency of the motor 5 has two, the wire 28 is connected to the control module 8 controlled by the control module 8, the first variable frequency electric motor shaft 51 has a rotary wheel 511, the eccentric shaft is rotated on the wheel 511 and the second transmission rod 24 connected to the second drive rod 24 and the trapezoidal small shaft 2 on the seesaw active connections; first inverter connected to the electric motor 51 via a bolt-shaped hopper I quadrangular outer side of the station, adjacent to the outer side of the holder 6 and bolted through the second variable frequency electric motor 52, the second electric motor 52 via inverter sector gear 521 and the broken gear shaft 3; trapezoidal seesaw set 2 has two first through bracket 21 are connected to the two inner walls of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper I opposed, and dried with a rectangular flap 251 25 activity 2 on seesaw small shaft drive rod connecting three trapezoidal, between each side and the ladder on the left and right sides of the hopper wall with a rectangular table by the seesaw 2 can shrink and expansion shields 26 are connected, can expansion and shrink shield 26- trapezoidal side seesaw second adhesive on one side and a quadrangular trapezoidal hopper wall I adhesive protective cover 26 can be prevented from falling into the sand seesaw trapezoid-shaped hopper 2 with a rectangular table I the gap between the inner wall, so as not to block the trapezoid seesaw motion; trapezoidal seesaw 2 is provided with electric heating plate 27, the electric heating plate 27 via the wire 2829 is connected to a temperature controller, temperature controller 29 via the wire 288 connected to the control module by the control module 8 controls can increase the temperature of the concrete mixing sand, accelerate the solidification of concrete, to ensure the quality of concrete (as shown in the drawings 1,2,3,4,7); and set up breaker 3 from the crushing blade 31, shaft 32 and crushing gears, crushing blade 31 vertically welded on the crusher shaft 32, but the cross section and the shredder shaft 32 constitute a crushing blade 31 a is not equal to the angle of 90 , it is better foundry broken, broken nail shaft 32 is connected to the gear end distribution, the broken shaft 32 is a cylindrical barrel, one end of which is open, is inserted from the opening of electric heating rods 321, 321 by the electric heating rods insulating material is fixed to the domed flange 322, and 322 by the semi-spherical flange and bolt with a rectangular trapezoidal hopper I connect the outer wall, electric heating rods 321 via the wire 28 is connected to a temperature controller 29. the temperature controller 29 through wire 28 is connected to the control module 8 by the control module 8 controls; the breaker 3 has two parallel sets arranged in a rectangular-shaped hopper I, the crushing blade arrangement of two cross-breaker, the first shaft 30 is broken only one of the gears 301, the second breaker shaft 300 has two gears, wherein the outer end of the broken shaft of a gear 3002 and the second variable frequency electric motor shaft 52 of the sector gear 521 engages another gear and idler gear 7 3001 middle engagement idler gear 7 and 30 and a broken shaft gear 301 meshing, and idler gear shaft via a bearing 7 and the outer wall of a rectangular flat-shaped hopper I connected idler gear shaft via a bearing 7 and the support frame 71 is connected, and the support frame 71 by a bolt connected to a rectangular-shaped hopper station I outer wall 7 and the idler gear shaft Business nailed connection, idler gear 7 of a gear shaft 72 is also connected to the distribution nails, the idler gear shaft end 7 gear 72 and the second variable frequency electric motor shaft 52 engaged with the sector gear 521, idler gear rotatable shaft 7 (as shown in the drawings 1,2,3,4,6,7). 为了减小中砂在四个角的下滑时摩擦力,在四棱台形料斗I四个内角处设置成弧形角12,并设置有弧形刮板4,该弧形刮板4由导向杆41和刮板本体42组成,刮板本体42的弧形端有刮板把手43,刮板把手43穿过弧形角12及导向筒11上的狭缝111与导向杆41垂直焊接,导向杆41与导向筒11承插连接,导向杆41沿导向筒11滑动,导向杆41经微型轴与第一传动杆22—端连接,第一传动杆22另一端与梯形翘翘板2下端角处的微型轴23连接,导向筒11连接在四棱台形料斗I四个内角与弧形角12之间(如附图3、4、5所示)。 In order to reduce the decline in the sand at the four corners of the friction in a rectangular-shaped hopper table I arranged four inside corners curved corner 12, and is provided with a curved blade 4, the curved blade 4 by the guide 41 and the blade body 42 composed of curved end scraper blade body 42 has a handle 43, a blade handle 43 through the slits 111 and the arc-shaped guide 12 and the guide cylinder 11 on the rod 41 vertical welding, guide bar 41 and the guide cylinder 11 socket connection, the guide bar 41 slide along the guide tube 11, through micro-axis guide bar 41 of the first drive rod end 22- and 22 the other end of the seesaw 2 trapezoidal lower corner of the first transmission rod micro shaft 23 connected to the guide tube 11 is connected in a quadrangular trapezoidal hopper four interior angles and I arc angle between 12 (as shown in figures 3,4,5).

[0018]本发明工作原理及使用方法:本发明为混凝土搅拌站使用的自动控制上料机传送带上的四棱台形料斗,将中砂放入四棱台形料斗I中,操作控制模块8,启动两台变频电动机5,第一台变频电动机51轴端的转动轮511经偏心轴连接的第二传动杆24推动梯形翘翘板2翘动,由于两个梯形翘翘板2之间经带矩形翻板251的第三传动杆25与梯形翘翘板2上的小轴连接,两个梯形翘翘板2对四棱形料斗I内的中砂进行推拉翻动,同时第三传动杆25上矩形翻板251对中砂也进行推拉翻动,又因第三传动杆25上的矩形翻板251处在四棱台形料斗的下口,并且两梯形翘翘板2的下端也处在四棱台形料斗I下口,运动起来的中砂便落到传送带上被运走;对于含水率在8%以上的中砂和含有碎小的冻结砂块的中砂,以及装载机装入料斗内的中砂、密度加大又很难下落的中砂,操作控制模块8,启动温度控制器29,使梯形翘翘板2内的电加热板27以及破碎器3内的电加热棒321加热、破碎器3转动将碎小冻结砂块破碎并翻动加热融化,降低其水分,提高中砂温度,而破碎器3平行设置了两个、且两破碎器轴32上的破碎刀片31交叉排列,第二台变频电动机52转动时,第二台变频电动机52轴端的扇形齿轮521与过桥齿轮7轴端的齿轮72及第二个破碎器300轴外端的齿轮3002交替啮合,使两破碎器3轴上的破碎刀片交替上下破碎及翻动中砂、使中砂流动,自动落到传送带上被带走;对于四棱台形料斗四角处的中砂,在弧形刮板4的作用下以及弧形角12的设置,中砂也能流动起来,使中砂下滑到传送带上被带走,由于梯形翘翘板2下端角处的微型轴23经第一传动杆22带动导向杆41、而导向杆41沿导向筒11滑动,而刮板本体42上的把手43经弧形角12、导向筒11上的狭缝焊接在导向杆41上,因此梯形翘翘板2的连续翘动,弧形刮板也连续不断地刮动中砂、使四棱台形料斗内再也没有阻碍中砂下落的死角,开始上料和停止上料时以及上料的多少均可由控制操作平台及控制模块8来实现,给自动控制上料,配料设备提供了保障。 [0018] The working principle and method of the present invention: the automatic control of the present invention is the use of concrete mixing station quadrangular trapezoidal hopper feeder on the conveyor, the sand hopper into a rectangular-shaped table I, the operation control module 8, start two variable frequency motor 5, the second transmission rod first inverter motor shaft 51 rotating wheel 511 through the eccentric shaft 24 connected to the seesaw 2 Alice promote trapezoidal move, since the seesaw between two trapezoidal belt 2 by turning the rectangle the third plate 251 is connected to the transmission lever 25 small trapezoidal shaft 2 on the seesaw, seesaw two pairs of two trapezoidal four prism within the hopper I flip sand sliding, while the third transmission lever 25 on a rectangular turn plate 251 pairs of sand also sliding flip, because of the rectangular flap 25 on the third drive rod 251 in a quadrangular trapezoidal lower opening of the hopper and the lower end of the two trapezoidal seesaw 2 is also in a rectangular flat-shaped hopper I under the mouth, the movement up in the sand will fall on the conveyor belt to be carried away; for more than 8% moisture content in sand and sand containing Suixiao frozen blocks in the sand, and the loader loaded into the hopper in the sand, and very difficult to increase the density of the falling sand, the operation control module 8, starting temperature controller 29, so that the inner trapezoid seesaw 2 electric heating plate 27 and the breaker electric heating rods heated for 3 321 within 3 rotates breaker the Suixiao frozen blocks of sand and broken flip heated to melt, reducing its moisture and temperature increase in the sand, and 3 breaker parallel set up two, and two broken shaft crushing blade 32 on 31 staggered, the second variable frequency motor when 52 is rotated, the second variable frequency electric motor shaft 52 of the sector gear 521 and idler gear shaft 7 of the gear 72 and the second outer end of the broken gear shaft 300 alternately engaging 3002, so that the two breakers 3 axes crushing blade alternately broken up and down and turning in the sand, so sand flow, automatically fall on the conveyor belt was taken away; for sand hopper shaped rectangular table at the corners, in the role of the curved blade arc angle setting 4 and 12, in sand can flow together, so that sand fell onto the conveyor belt was taken away, since 11 slide along the guide tube 41 micro-axis trapezoidal seesaw 2 lower corner 23 of the first drive rod 22 driven by the guide bar 41 and the guide rod and the handle 42 on the body 43 by the arc-shaped blade 12, the slit 11 of the guide tube welded on the guide bar 41, thus moving ladder seesaw continuous Alice 2, curved blade also continuously scrape moving in the sand, so that no obstruction in the sand falling dead within a rectangular trapezoidal hopper, start feeding and stop feeding and how many can be controlled by the control module 8 operating platform and to achieve material to feed the automatic control , dispensing equipment provided a guarantee.

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International ClassificationB28C7/06
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