Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberCN104259340 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201410453503
Publication date7 Jan 2015
Filing date5 Sep 2014
Priority date5 Sep 2014
Also published asCN104259340B
Publication number201410453503.4, CN 104259340 A, CN 104259340A, CN 201410453503, CN-A-104259340, CN104259340 A, CN104259340A, CN201410453503, CN201410453503.4
Inventors冯广建
Applicant冯广建
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Full-automatic multi-axis linkage duplex steel bar forming and bending mechanism
CN 104259340 A
Abstract
The invention discloses a full-automatic multi-axis linkage duplex steel bar forming and bending mechanism which comprises a rack. The rack is provided with an X-axis slide rail. Clipping devices and bending devices are mounted on the X-axis slide rail and can slide along the X-axis slide rail. The bending devices comprise at least two X-axis bending devices and at least one Y-axis bending device. The X-axis bending devices are mounted on the X-axis slide rail through a first sliding trolley. A Y-axis slide rail is arranged on the X-axis slide rail. The Y-axis bending devices are mounted on the Y-axis slide rail. The first sliding trolley is provided with a Z-axis slide rail. The Z-axis slide rail is perpendicular to the X-axis slide rail and the Y-axis slide rail. The X-axis bending devices are mounted on the Z-axis slide rail in a sliding mode. The full-automatic multi-axis linkage duplex steel bar forming and bending mechanism can be applied to clipping and bending of steel bars; due to the fact that the clipping devices and the bending devices can be pushed by the steel bars to move along the X-axis slide rail after clamping the steel bars, that is, a feeding device does not need to stop in the machining process, so the feeding state can be maintained all the time, and the production efficiency is effectively improved.
Claims(10)  translated from Chinese
1.全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,其特征在于,包括机架,机架上设置有与钢筋输送方向相平行的X轴滑轨,所述X轴滑轨上安装有可沿X轴滑轨滑动的裁剪装置和弯曲装置; 所述弯曲装置包括至少两个X轴弯曲装置和至少一个Y轴弯曲装置,所述X轴弯曲装置通过第一滑动小车安装在X轴滑轨上,所述X轴滑轨上设置有Y轴滑轨,Y轴滑轨通过第二滑动小车安装在X轴滑轨上,Y轴滑轨与X轴滑轨相垂直,Y轴弯曲装置安装在Y轴滑轨上,Y轴弯曲装置位于X轴弯曲装置上方; 所述第一滑动小车上设置有Z轴滑轨,所述Z轴滑轨与X轴滑轨、Y轴滑轨相垂直,所述X轴弯曲装置可滑动安装在Z轴滑轨上。 1. Automatic duplex multi-axis bending steel hoop molding mechanism comprising setting the rack, have reinforced the conveying direction and parallel to the X-axis rail, the rail is mounted on the X-axis along X-axis slide rail cutting means and bending means; said bending means comprises at least two X-axis bending means and at least one Y-axis folding means, the X-axis by the first bending means carriage slidably mounted on the X-axis rail , is provided on the X-axis Y-axis slide rails, Y-axis rail by a second carriage slidably mounted on the X-axis slide, Y-axis and X-axis slide rails perpendicular, Y-axis bending means mounted the Y-axis rail, Y axis bending device is located above the X-axis bending device; the first slide trolley is provided with Z-axis slide, the Z-axis and X-axis slide rails, Y-axis perpendicular to the rails, The X-axis bending means is slidably mounted on the Z-axis rail.
2.根据权利要求1所述的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,其特征在于:每个弯曲装置包括弯曲油缸、由弯曲油缸驱动转动的转套、设置在转套上用于夹持钢筋的伸缩销,所述伸缩销跟随转套转动时弯曲钢筋。 The automatic multi-axis joint according to claim 1, wherein the duplex steel forming hoop bending mechanism, wherein: each of the bending apparatus includes a curved cylinder, rotationally driven by the rotational bending cylinder sleeve, in turn provided for clamping sleeve holding steel retractable pin, pin the elastic bending steel sleeve is rotated to follow the rotation.
3.根据权利要求2所述的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,其特征在于:所述弯曲装置后方设置有驱动伸缩销伸出/回缩的伸缩油缸,伸缩油缸的油路与弯曲油缸相连接,伸缩油缸驱动伸缩销完全伸出后,弯曲油缸动作弯折钢筋,弯曲油缸复位时伸缩油缸冋时复位使伸缩销回缩。 3. The automatic multi-axis joint according to claim 2 double bending steel hoop molding mechanism, characterized in that: said bending means is provided with a rear retractable driving pin projecting / retracting telescopic cylinders, the telescopic cylinders and the oil passage bending cylinders connected to retractable telescopic cylinder drive pin is fully extended, bend bent steel cylinder operation, the reset pin retract the extendable telescopic cylinders Jiong bending cylinders reset.
4.根据权利要求3所述的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,其特征在于:所述裁剪装置和多个弯曲装置的油路通过控制阀相连,使其依次动作或同步动作。 According to claim 3, wherein the multi-axis linkage automatic duplex steel forming hoop bending mechanism, characterized in that: said oil passage means and a plurality of curved cutting means through a control valve connected to the operation or sequentially synchronized action.
5.根据权利要求2所述的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,其特征在于:所述X轴滑轨上设置有多个X轴助力装置,每个X轴助力装置连接一个第一滑动小车或第二滑动小车,所述X轴助力装置用于提供助力使第一滑动小车和第二滑动小车沿钢筋送料方向滑动,X轴助力装置与对应的弯曲装置上的弯曲油缸联动。 5. The automatic multi-axis joint according to claim 2 double bending steel hoop molding mechanism, characterized in that: there are provided a plurality of said X-axis X-axis slide assisting device, each device connected to an X-axis power section a sliding car or a second sliding car, the X-axis booster means for providing help to make the first and second sliding car sliding car sliding along steel feed direction, bending the cylinder on the X-axis bending assist unit and the corresponding device linkage.
6.根据权利要求1所述的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,其特征在于:所述第一滑动小车和第二滑动小车上设置有连接X轴滑轨的X轴复位弹簧。 According to claim 1, wherein the multi-axis linkage automatic duplex steel forming hoop bending mechanism, wherein: said first sliding carriage and the trolley is provided with a second sliding connection of the X-axis X-axis slide return spring.
7.根据权利要求1所述的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,其特征在于:所述第一滑动小车上设置有连接X轴弯曲装置的Z轴开启器和Z轴复位弹簧,所述Z轴开启器与裁剪装置联动,当裁剪装置剪断钢筋后Z轴开启器动作推动X轴弯曲装置沿Z轴滑轨向后滑动,Z轴开启器复位后,X轴弯曲装置在Z轴复位弹簧的作用下沿Z轴滑轨复位。 According to claim 1, wherein the multi-axis linkage automatic duplex steel forming hoop bending mechanism, wherein: said first slide trolley is provided with means for connecting the bending axis Z X axis and the Z axis opener reset spring, After the Z axis opener and cutting device linkage, when the cutting device to cut steel Z-axis movement push opener X axis bending machine from sliding backward along the Z-axis rail, Z-axis Opener reset, X-axis Z-axis bending device Under the effect of the return spring along the Z-axis rail reset.
8.根据权利要求1所述的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,其特征在于:所述相邻X轴弯曲装置之间设置有用于确定弯箍边长的水平伸缩杆。 According to claim 1, wherein the multi-axis linkage automatic duplex steel forming hoop bending mechanism, characterized in that: said adjacent bending hoop is provided with means for determining the level of the extendable rod side between the X-axis bending apparatus.
9.根据权利要求1或8所述的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,其特征在于:所述Y轴滑轨上设置有用于确定弯箍边长的竖直伸缩杆,所述竖直伸缩杆一端固定,另一自由端连接Y轴弯曲装置,Y轴弯曲装置滑动安装在Y轴滑轨上。 9. The automatic multiaxial 1 or claim 8, wherein the linkage mechanism Duplex steel hoop bending molding, wherein: said rail is provided on the Y-axis has a curved hoop for determining vertical telescopic rod side, the vertical telescopic rod with one end fixed and the other free end Y-axis bending means, Y-axis bending means slidably mounted on the Y-axis rail.
10.根据权利要求1所述的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,其特征在于:所述机架上设置有卸料装置,所述卸料装置设置在X轴弯曲装置和Y轴弯曲装置之间,卸料装置包括沿X轴滑轨布置的两块固定板,固定板上铰接有卸料拨筷,卸料拨筷后设置有驱动其转动的卸料开启器,以及拉动其复位的复位拉簧,所述固定板下方设置有导料架。 According to claim 1, wherein the multi-axis linkage automatic duplex steel forming hoop bending mechanism, characterized in that: the frame is provided with said discharge means, said discharge means disposed in the X-axis and Y-axis bending means between the bending device, unloading device comprises arranged along two X-axis rail fixing plate is hinged panel unloading dial chopsticks, chopsticks set aside after discharge driving its rotation discharge opener, and pull it Reset Reset a tension spring, the fixing plate is provided with a guide rack below.
Description  translated from Chinese
全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构 Automatic multi-axis duplex steel forming bending hoop agency

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明涉及钢筋加工装置,具体涉及一种全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构。 [0001] The present invention relates to a steel processing equipment, in particular to a multi-axis automatic duplex steel hoop bending forming mechanism.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现代建筑工程中大量使用各种钢筋和由钢筋加工后得到的箍筋,而钢筋通常是以盘卷形式储存运输,在使用前必须先经过调直、定尺裁断,部分还需要经过弯折等加工步骤。 [0002] The large-scale use of modern construction projects of various steel and steel processing obtained by the rear stirrups, while steel is usually in the form of coil storage and transportation, must go through before using straightening, cutting length, some still need to go through bending and other processing steps.

[0003] 箍筋是把钢筋通过多次弯折形成箍,现有的自动钢筋弯箍机一般采用数控模式,通过单片机控制设备自动把钢筋弯折成箍。 [0003] The reinforcement stirrup is formed by repeatedly bending hoop, hoop conventional automatic steel bending machine generally use CNC mode, the device automatically by SCM steel bent into hoops. 但是,现有的自动钢筋弯箍机一般不具备裁剪功能,只能加工已经裁剪好的钢筋,其应用范围较窄,需要其他设备配合才能完成钢筋的加工流程,而多台不同设备之间的配合会降低生产效率。 However, the existing automatic steel bending hoop machines generally do not have crop function only good steel processing has cut its narrow range of applications, the need for other equipment to complete with steel manufacturing processes, and between multiple different devices with decreases productivity. 此外,现有的一种数控剪弯机可实现钢筋的自动送料、裁断和简单弯折,但是,该数控剪弯机在裁剪和弯折钢筋时,送料装置必须停下,等待钢筋弯折完成后,才再次进行送料。 In addition, existing bending a CNC cutting machine can realize automatic feeding of steel, cutting and bending simple, but the CNC cutting machine when the cutting and bending bending steel, feeding device must stop and wait for the completion of bent steel only after it was feeding again. 由于裁剪和弯折钢筋时送料装置都要停机,影响加工效率,造成加工时间较长、效率低的结果,而且送料装置不断的停机开机,会影响设备的使用寿命,此外,这种数控剪弯机只能进行简单的弯折动作,不能一次把钢筋弯折成箍。 Because when cutting and bending steel feeding device should stop, the impact of processing efficiency, resulting in longer processing times and low efficiency results, and constantly feeding device power outages will affect the life of the equipment, in addition, the CNC cutting bending machine only a simple bending operation, not once the steel bent into hoops.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0004]为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供一种全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,该弯箍机构包括钢筋在送料过程中的自动裁剪和自动弯箍功能,自动化程度高,且在钢筋裁剪和弯箍时可继续进行送料,无需停机,有效提高生产效率。 [0004] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides a multi-axis automatic duplex steel hoop bending forming mechanism, the bending hoop mechanism includes automated cutting steel in the process of feeding and automatic bending hoop function, high degree of automation, and When cut and bend steel hoop feeding can continue without downtime, improve production efficiency.

[0005] 本发明所采用的技术方案是: [0005] The technical solution adopted by the invention are:

全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构,包括机架,机架上设置有与钢筋输送方向相平行的X轴滑轨,所述X轴滑轨上安装有可沿X轴滑轨滑动的裁剪装置和弯曲装置; Automatic multi-axis duplex steel hoop bending molding institutions, including the rack, the rack is provided with X-axis rail and reinforced conveying direction parallel to the X-axis is mounted on rails along the X-axis rail slides cutting means and bending means;

所述弯曲装置包括至少两个X轴弯曲装置和至少一个Y轴弯曲装置,所述X轴弯曲装置通过第一滑动小车安装在X轴滑轨上,所述X轴滑轨上设置有Y轴滑轨,Y轴滑轨通过第二滑动小车安装在X轴滑轨上,Y轴滑轨与X轴滑轨相垂直,Y轴弯曲装置安装在Y轴滑轨上,Y轴弯曲装置位于X轴弯曲装置上方; The bending means comprises at least two X-axis bending means and at least one Y-axis folding means, the X-axis by the first bending means carriage slidably mounted on the X-axis rail, is provided on the X-axis Y-axis slide rails, Y-axis rail by a second carriage slidably mounted on the X-axis slide, Y-axis and X-axis slide rails perpendicular, Y-axis bending means is mounted on the Y-axis rail, Y-axis bending means located X shaft bending upward of the device;

所述第一滑动小车上设置有Z轴滑轨,所述Z轴滑轨与X轴滑轨、Y轴滑轨相垂直,所述X轴弯曲装置可滑动安装在Z轴滑轨上。 The trolley is provided with a first slide rail Z axis, the Z-axis and X-axis slide rails, Y-axis rail perpendicular to the X-axis bending means is slidably mounted on the Z-axis rail.

[0006] 进一步,每个弯曲装置包括弯曲油缸、由弯曲油缸驱动转动的转套、设置在转套上用于夹持钢筋的伸缩销,所述伸缩销跟随转套转动时弯曲钢筋。 [0006] Further, each of the bending device comprises a curved cylinder, curved cylinder driven by a revolving set, in turn put the curved reinforced steel telescopic pin for holding the retractable pin following the rotating cylinder rotates. 所述弯曲装置上还设置有用于定位钢筋的定位销。 The bending device is also provided positioning pins for positioning the rebar.

[0007] 进一步,所述弯曲装置后方设置有驱动伸缩销伸出/回缩的伸缩油缸,伸缩油缸的油路与弯曲油缸相连接,伸缩油缸驱动伸缩销完全伸出后,弯曲油缸动作弯折钢筋,弯曲油缸复位时伸缩油缸同时复位使伸缩销回缩。 [0007] Further, the curved rear of the device is provided with a drive pin extending telescoping / retractable telescopic cylinders, telescopic cylinders and curved passage connecting the cylinder, telescopic cylinder to drive retractable pins are fully extended, bend bent cylinder action steel, telescopic cylinders bending cylinders at the same time to reset the extendable reset pin retraction.

[0008] 进一步,所述裁剪装置和多个弯曲装置的油路通过控制阀相连,使其依次动作或同步动作。 [0008] Further, the passage of the cutting device and a plurality of bending devices are connected through a control valve to turn actions or synchronized action.

[0009] 进一步,所述X轴滑轨上设置有多个X轴助力装置,每个X轴助力装置连接一个第一滑动小车或第二滑动小车,所述X轴助力装置用于提供助力使第一滑动小车和第二滑动小车沿钢筋送料方向滑动,X轴助力装置与对应的弯曲装置上的弯曲油缸联动。 [0009] Further, the X axis is provided on a plurality of X-axis rail booster devices, each X-axis slide assisting device connected to a first or second slide trolley car, the X-axis booster means for providing help to make The first and second slide sliding car trolley sliding along the reinforced feed direction, bending cylinders on the X-axis bending assist unit and the corresponding device linkage. 当裁剪装置或弯曲装置夹持钢筋后,裁剪装置和弯曲装置在钢筋的带动下沿X轴滑轨向前滑进,X轴助力装置提供相应的推力,使弯曲装置和裁剪装置保持与钢筋同步的速度顺利前进,并且在送料过程中进行裁剪或弯折。 After cutting device or means for holding the steel bending, cutting means and bending means driven along the X-axis rail steel slid forward, X-axis thrust force assist arrangement provide the bending apparatus and cutting equipment to keep pace with reinforced The speed of the smooth progress, and crop or bend in the feeding process.

[0010] 进一步,所述第一滑动小车和第二滑动小车上设置有连接X轴滑轨的X轴复位弹簧。 [0010] Further, the first and second slide sliding car trolley is provided with a connection in the X-axis X-axis rail return spring. 当裁剪装置或弯曲装置松开钢筋后,裁剪装置或弯曲装置在X轴复位弹簧的拉动下返回初始位置。 After cutting device or bending means loosening steel, cutting device, or the X-axis bending device reset back to the initial position under the spring pull.

[0011] 进一步,所述第一滑动小车上设置有连接X轴弯曲装置的Z轴开启器和Z轴复位弹簧,所述Z轴开启器与裁剪装置联动,当裁剪装置剪断钢筋后Z轴开启器动作推动X轴弯曲装置沿Z轴滑轨向后滑动,让出位置使后续的钢筋继续送料,Z轴开启器复位后,X轴弯曲装置在Z轴复位弹簧的作用下沿Z轴滑轨复位。 [0011] Further, the first slide is provided with a trolley to connect X-axis Z-axis bending device opener and Z-axis of the return spring, the Z-axis linkage opener and cutting devices, cutting device to cut reinforced when the Z axis to open X-axis is driven bending operation means slidable along the Z-axis slide rearwardly, so that the position of the rebar continues to make subsequent feeding, Z-axis Opener reset, X-axis in the Z-axis bending means under the action of the return spring along the Z-axis rail reset.

[0012] 进一步,所述相邻X轴弯曲装置之间设置有用于确定弯箍边长的水平伸缩杆,水平伸缩杆一端固定在其中一个X轴弯曲装置上,另一端顶接在另一X轴弯曲装置上,通过调节水平伸缩杆的长度,改变相邻X轴弯曲装置之间的距离,从而设定弯箍的边长。 [0012] Further, the X-axis is disposed between adjacent bending apparatus for determining bending hoop side have long horizontal telescopic rod, level telescopic rod fixed at one end on one of the X-axis bending device and the other end connected to the top of another X shaft bending device, by adjusting the length of the horizontal telescopic poles, changing the distance between the X-axis bending means adjacent, so as to set the side bending hoop.

[0013] 进一步,所述Y轴滑轨上设置有用于确定弯箍边长的竖直伸缩杆,所述竖直伸缩杆一端固定,另一自由端连接Y轴弯曲装置,Y轴弯曲装置滑动安装在Y轴滑轨上。 [0013] Further, the Y-axis is provided for determining the curved side of the vertical hoop telescopic rod, the vertical telescopic rod with one end fixed and the other free end of the Y-axis bending device, bending device Y-axis slide on rails mounted on the Y-axis rail. 通过调节竖直伸缩杆的长度,改变Y轴弯曲装置与其下方的X轴弯曲装置之间的距离,从而设定弯箍的边长。 By adjusting the length of the vertical telescopic rod change Y-axis X-axis bending device with its curved distance between the bottom of the device so as to set the side bending hoop.

[0014] 进一步,所述机架上设置有卸料装置,所述卸料装置设置在X轴弯曲装置和Y轴弯曲装置之间,卸料装置包括沿X轴滑轨布置的两块固定板,固定板上铰接有卸料拨筷,卸料拨筷后设置有驱动其转动的卸料开启器,以及拉动其复位的复位拉簧,所述固定板下方设置有导料架。 [0014] Further, provided on the unloading rack has means, said unloading means is disposed between the X-axis and Y-axis bending means bending means, discharging means comprises a rail disposed along the X axis of the two fixed plates , is hinged panel unloading dial chopsticks, chopsticks set aside after discharge driving its rotation discharge opener and pull reset reset tension spring, the fixing plate is provided with a guide rack below. 完成弯折的钢筋箍靠立在卸料拨筷上,卸料拨筷转动可使钢筋箍沿导料架滑落,进行有引导的卸料。 Complete bending steel hoop against the discharge stand aside chopsticks, chopsticks aside unloading steel hoop rotation can slide along the guide rack, be a guide of discharge.

[0015] 本发明的有益效果是: [0015] the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

上述全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构可用于钢筋的裁剪和弯箍加工,由于裁剪装置和弯曲装置在夹持钢筋后可在钢筋推送下沿X轴滑轨移动,即在加工过程中送料装置无需停机,可保持持续送料的状态,有效提高生产效率。 Said automatic duplex multi-axis bending steel hoop molding mechanism can be used to cut and bend steel hoop processing, since the cutting device and the bending device after clamping bars can be moved along the X-axis rail steel push down, that in the process feeding device without downtime, can maintain continuous feeding of state, to effectively improve production efficiency.

[0016] 本发明的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构采用控制阀对裁剪装置和弯曲装置的油路进行控制,使其能依次动作或同步动作,按设定自动进行钢筋的弯箍加工,能在送料过程中实现自动裁剪、自动弯箍和自动卸料,自动化程度高。 [0016] The present invention multi-axis linkage automatic duplex steel hoop bending forming mechanism using a control valve on the oil line cutting device and the bending device is controlled so that it can turn the operation or synchronous operation, according to the set automatically bend steel hoop processing, can automatically cut the feeding process, automatic bending hoop and automatic discharge, high degree of automation. 本发明的弯箍机构优选配合钢筋调直机构、定尺计量控制机构等设备一起工作,使其效率最大化。 Bending hoop mechanism of the invention preferably with steel straightening mechanism, length measurement control unit and other equipment to work together to maximize efficiency.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0017] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细的说明。 [0017] below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail.

[0018] 图1是本发明第一实施例的结构示意图; [0018] FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a first embodiment of the present invention;

图2是第一X轴弯曲装置的结构示意图; Figure 2 is a schematic structural view of the first X-axis bending device;

图3是第一X轴弯曲装置对应的滑动小车的结构示意图; Figure 3 is a block diagram of the first X-axis bending device corresponding slide car;

图4是第二X轴弯曲装置及其滑动小车的结构示意图; Figure 4 is a block diagram of the second X-axis bending device and slide the car;

图5是第三X轴弯曲装置及其滑动小车的结构示意图; Figure 5 is a block diagram of the bending device and slide the car a third X-axis;

图6是Y轴滑轨及Y轴弯曲装置的结构示意图; Figure 6 is a schematic structural view Y-axis and the Y-axis rail bending apparatus;

图7是卸料装置的结构示意图; Figure 7 is a schematic unloading equipment;

图8是X轴助力装置的结构示意图; Figure 8 is a block diagram of the X-axis power means;

图9至图16是第一实施例在各个工作状态下的示意图; 9 to FIG. 16 is a schematic diagram of each operating state in a first embodiment;

图17是本发明的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构与钢筋调直机构、定尺计量控制机构结合使用的结构示意图; Figure 17 is a fully automated multi-axis linkage of the present invention forming duplex steel hoop bending mechanism and steel straightening mechanism, length measurement control mechanism structure diagram used in combination;

图18、图19是第二实施例的结构示意图; 18, FIG. 19 is a schematic structural view of a second embodiment;

图20、图21是第三实施例的结构示意图。 20, FIG. 21 is a block diagram of the third embodiment.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0019] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构作进一步详细的说明。 [0019] below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention, the multi-axis linkage automatic duplex steel hoop bending forming mechanism for further detail.

[0020] 实施例一: [0020] Example One:

参照图1至图8,本发明提供的一种优选实施例,包括机架,机架上设置有与钢筋输送方向相平行的X轴滑轨1,X轴滑轨I上设置有多个滑动小车11,滑动小车11包括第一滑动小车和第二滑动小车,滑动小车11底部设置有与X轴滑轨I相配合的滑轮12,滑动小车11可沿X轴滑轨I滑动,滑动小车11上分别安装有裁剪装置2或弯曲装置3。 Provided on the rack, and reinforced conveying direction parallel to the X-axis slide 1, provided on the X-axis rail I have more than one slide with reference to FIGS. 1 to 8, a preferred embodiment of the present invention provides, including trolley 11, a sliding car 11 includes first and second slide sliding car trolley car sliding bottom 11 is provided with X-axis rail I cooperating pulley 12, trolley 11 can slide along the X-axis slide I slide, slide trolley 11 3 are mounted on the cutting means 2 or bending devices. 机架上还设置有卸料装置4。 Rack is also provided with discharge means 4.

[0021] 所述裁剪装置2包括裁剪油缸和由裁剪油缸驱动的裁剪刀。 [0021] The cutting device 2 comprises a cutting cylinder and the cutting cylinder to drive the cutting blade.

[0022] 所述弯曲装置3包括弯曲油缸31、转套32、伸缩销33和伸缩油缸34。 [0022] The bending device 3 comprises a curved cylinder 31, the rotating cylinder 32, retractable pin 33 and telescopic cylinders 34. 弯曲油缸31的活塞轴上设置有带齿的牙杆,转套32后方设置有与牙杆相配合的齿轮,弯曲油缸31驱动牙杆前后移动,通过齿轮带动转套32转动。 Bending cylinder piston shaft 31 is provided with teeth of the toothed rod, turn the rear sleeve 32 is provided with a rod cooperating with the gear teeth, the drive teeth 31 around the bending cylinder rod moved, the rotating cylinder 32 is rotated via the gear drive. 伸缩销33设置在转套32内并跟随转套32转动,所述伸缩销33包括两根夹持棒,用于夹持钢筋,其中一根夹持棒位于转套32的圆心处,另一根位于转套32内跟随转套32转动,伸缩销33转动时弯折钢筋。 Retractable pin 33 is provided in the rotating cylinder 32 and follow the rotating cylinder 32 is rotated, the retractable pin 33 includes two clamp bar for holding bars, where a clamp bar located at the center of the rotating cylinder 32 and the other Root rotating cylinder located within 32 follow the rotating cylinder 32 is rotated, bend steel bars retractable pin 33 is rotated. 所述伸缩油缸34设置在弯曲装置3后方,伸缩油缸34连接伸缩销33并驱动其伸出/回缩,伸缩油缸34的油路与弯曲油缸31相连接,当伸缩油缸34驱动伸缩销33完全伸出夹持钢筋后,弯曲油缸31动作弯折钢筋,弯曲油缸31复位时伸缩油缸34同时复位使伸缩销33回缩,放开钢筋。 The telescopic cylinder 34 is provided in the rear of the bending devices 3, retractable telescopic cylinder 34 is connected pin 33 and driven to extend / retract the telescopic cylinders and curved passage 31 connected to the cylinder 34, when the telescopic cylinder 34 drives retractable pin 33 is fully After extending clamping bars, bending cylinder 31 action folded steel, retractable curved cylinder 31 is reset so that the telescopic cylinder 34 while the reset pin 33 is retracted, open bars. 进一步,所述弯曲装置3上还设置有用于定位钢筋的定位销35。 Further, the bending means 3 is also provided for positioning the reinforcement positioning pin 35.

[0023] 在本实施例中,所述弯曲装置包括三个依次排列的X轴弯曲装置和一个Y轴弯曲装置304。 [0023] In the present embodiment, the bending apparatus comprises an X-axis bending means arranged in sequence three and a Y-axis bending means 304. 如图1所示,所述X轴弯曲装置沿钢筋送料方向包括第一X轴弯曲装置301、第二X轴弯曲装置302和第三X轴弯曲装置303,Y轴弯曲装置304位于第三X轴弯曲装置303上方。 1, along the X-axis bending apparatus comprises a first steel feed direction X-axis bending means 301, a second X-axis bending device 302 and the third X-axis bending means 303, Y-axis bending means 304 in the third X axis bending device above 303. 其中,X轴弯曲装置分别安装在设置有Z轴滑轨13的第一滑动小车上,X轴弯曲装置底部设置有滑轮36,可沿Z轴滑轨13滑动;Y轴弯曲装置304安装在Y轴滑轨14上,Y轴滑轨14固定在第二滑动小车上。 Wherein, X-axis bending means are mounted on the Z-axis slide provided with a first slidable trolley 13, the bottom of the X-axis bending means is provided with a pulley 36, rail 13 can slide along the Z axis; Y-axis bending means 304 mounted on the Y the shaft slide 14, Y-axis slide 14 is fixed to the second slide a small car. X轴滑轨1、Y轴滑轨14和Z轴滑轨13互相垂直。 X-axis slide 1, Y-axis slide 14 and the Z-axis slide 13 perpendicular to each other.

[0024] 为了使裁剪和弯曲加工与送料同步进行,裁剪装置2和弯曲装置3在夹持钢筋后,由钢筋推动裁剪装置2和弯曲装置3沿X轴滑轨I向前滑进。 [0024] In order to make the cutting and bending and feed simultaneously, cutting unit 2 and the bending device 3 after holding steel, driven by the steel bending means cutting device 2 and 3 along the X-axis rail I slid forward. 由于送料过程中钢筋的推力不大,而裁剪装置2和弯曲装置3的重量较大,为了使钢筋能顺利推动裁剪装置2和弯曲装置3同步前进,本发明在X轴滑轨I上设置有多个X轴助力装置15,每个X轴助力装置15连接一个滑动小车U。 Since the feeding process is not reinforced thrust, while larger weight cutting device 2 and the bending device 3, in order to promote a smooth steel cutting device 2 and 3 synchronized forward bending apparatus, the present invention is provided on the X-axis rail I have a plurality of X-axis assisting device 15, each of the X axis assisting device 15 is attached a sliding car U. 所述X轴助力装置15优选为与对应的弯曲装置3上的弯曲油缸31联动的开启器,用于提供助力使滑动小车11沿钢筋送料方向滑动,当裁剪装置2或弯曲装置3夹持仍在送料的钢筋后,X轴助力装置15同步动作,活塞伸出推动滑动小车11,为滑动小车11提供一个推送的助力,使其与钢筋的移动保持同步。 15 Preferably, the X-axis and the corresponding boost means is bending means bending cylinder 3 on the 31 linkage Opener, provide the impetus for trolley 11 sliding along the reinforced feed direction of the slide, when the cutting unit 2 or 3 holding still bending means After the feeding of steel, 15 X-axis synchronized motion assisting device, push the sliding piston extends trolley 11, to provide a boost for a sliding car push 11 to keep pace with the moving bars. 所述滑动小车11上设置有连接X轴滑轨I的X轴复位弹簧16,当裁剪装置2或弯曲装置3松开钢筋后,滑动小车11在X轴复位弹簧16的拉动下返回初始位置。 The trolley is provided on slide 11 en X-axis X-axis slide I return spring 16, when the cutting unit 2 or 3 after releasing the steel bending means, sliding car 11 driven by X-axis of the return spring 16 returns to the initial position.

[0025] 进一步,所述X轴助力装置15通过可调框架固定在X轴滑轨I上,其安装位置可根据需要进行调节;x轴复位弹簧16连接在可调框架上。 [0025] Further, the booster means 15 is fixed to the X-axis in the X-axis rail I, its mounting position can be adjusted as required by an adjustable frame; x-axis of the return spring 16 is connected to the adjustable frame.

[0026] 所述第一滑动小车上设置有连接X轴弯曲装置的Z轴开启器17和Z轴复位弹簧18,所述Z轴开启器17与裁剪装置2联动,当裁剪装置2剪断钢筋后Z轴开启器17动作推动X轴弯曲装置沿Z轴滑轨13向后滑动,X轴弯曲装置带动裁剪后的钢筋后移并继续进行弯折,X轴弯曲装置后移腾出X轴的位置,方便后续的钢筋继续送料。 [0026] The first slide is provided with a trolley to connect X-axis Z-axis bending device opening 17 and Z-axis of the return spring 18, the Z-axis opener 2 linkage 17 and cutting apparatus, when the two cut steel cutting device after Z-axis movement to promote open 17 X axis bending device along the Z-axis slide 13 Slide, X-axis bending device drives the steel trimmed shift and continued after bending, bending devices after X-axis X-axis position vacated shift to facilitate follow-up of reinforced continue feeding. 第一滑动小车与X轴弯曲装置之间还设置有连接两者的Z轴复位弹簧18,当Z轴开启器17复位后,X轴弯曲装置在Z轴复位弹簧18的作用下沿Z轴滑轨13回复到初始位置,准备下一钢筋的弯折操作。 Between the first carriage and the X-axis slide is also provided with a bending means connected to both the Z-axis of the return spring 18, when the Z-axis is reset opener 17, X-axis bending means in the Z-axis under the action of the return spring 18 along the Z-axis slide rail 13 back to the initial position, ready for the next operation bent steel.

[0027] 本发明的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构中,所述裁剪装置2和多个弯曲装置3的油路通过控制阀相连,使其依次动作或同步动作,例如,本实施例的弯箍机构具体工作过程为:a、如图9所示,钢筋5穿过裁剪装置2沿X轴进行送料;b、如图10所示,钢筋5到达第三X轴弯曲装置303后,第三X轴弯曲装置303动作,伸缩销33伸出夹持钢筋5并进行第一个角的弯折,同时第三X轴弯曲装置303在X轴助力装置15的帮助下跟随钢筋5一起移动;c、如图11所示,第三X轴弯曲装置303在弯折钢筋5后复位到初始状态,钢筋5继续向前送料;d、如图12所示,当钢筋5的长度到达预设值时,裁断装置2动作开始裁剪钢筋5,同时第一X轴弯曲装置301和第三X轴弯曲装置303同时动作,进行第二、第三个角的弯折,裁断装置2、第一X轴弯曲装置301和第三X轴弯曲装置303跟随钢筋5 —起沿X轴滑轨I移动;e、如图13所示,裁断钢筋5后,X轴助力装置15复位,裁断装置2、第一X轴弯曲装置301和第三X轴弯曲装置303在X轴复位弹簧16的拉动下沿X轴滑轨I向后复位,同时Z轴开启器17动作,第一X轴弯曲装置301和第三X轴弯曲装置303带着裁剪好的钢筋5沿Z轴滑轨13向后移动,腾出X轴的位置,方便后续的钢筋继续送料,Y轴弯曲装置304的伸缩销33伸出夹持钢筋5 ;f、如图14所示,Y轴弯曲装置304动作弯折钢筋5,进行第四个角的弯折;g、如图15所示,第一X轴弯曲装置301的伸缩销33回缩,同时第二X轴弯曲装置302动作,进行最后一个角的弯折;h、如图16所示,所有弯曲装置3回复到初始状态,准备下一钢筋的弯折操作,同时卸料装置4动作将得到的钢筋箍进行引导式卸料。 [0027] The automatic duplex multi-axis bending steel hoop molding mechanism of the present invention, the cutting device and a plurality of curved passage 2 device 3 is connected via a control valve to turn the operation or synchronous operation, for example, in this embodiment bending hoop mechanism specific example of the working process is: a, as shown in Figure 9, bars 5 through the cutting means 2 along the X-axis feed; b, as shown in Fig, 5 reach the third X-axis reinforcement bending apparatus 303 after 10 The third X-axis bending device 303 action, retractable pin 33 projecting holding bars 5 and the first corner of the bend, while the third X-axis bending device 303 to follow the reinforcement 5 together with the help of X-axis booster device 15 under mobile; c, 11, a third X-axis bending device 303 after bending reinforcement 5 is reset to the initial state, reinforced 5 continue to move forward feed; d, shown in Figure 12, when the length of the reinforcement 5 pre-arrival When the set value, the cutting operation start cutting apparatus 2 bars 5, while the first X-axis bending device 301 and the third X-axis bending operation device 303 at the same time, the second, the third bend angle, cutting device 2, a first X-axis bending means 301 and the third X-axis bending means 303 followed reinforcement 5 - since I moved along the X-axis rail; after e, 13, cutting bars 5, X-axis power resetting means 15, cutting means 2, The first X-axis bending device 301 and the third X-axis bending device 303 in the X-axis, driven by the return spring 16 backward along the X-axis rail I reset, and Z-axis movement opening 17, the first X-axis bending device 301 and The third X-axis bending device 303 with good reinforcement 5 cut along the Z-axis slide 13 is moved backward, freeing X axis positioned for continued follow-up of steel feed, Y-axis bending device 304 telescopic pin 33 extends clip holding bars 5; f, 14, Y-axis bending operation of the bending device 304 bars 5, for the first four corners bent; g, shown in Figure 15, the first X-axis bending device 301 retractable pin 33 is retracted, while the second X-axis bending operation device 302, a final bend angle; h, shown in Figure 16, all the bending means 3 returns to the initial state, ready to operate the next bending reinforcement, while unloading 4 Action feeding device will be reinforced hoop guided unloader.

[0028] 所述卸料装置4设置在第二X轴弯曲装置302和第三X轴弯曲装置303上,卸料装置4包括固定在第二X轴弯曲装置302和第三X轴弯曲装置303上的两块固定板41,固定板41上铰接有卸料拨筷42,卸料拨筷42后设置有驱动其转动的卸料开启器43,以及拉动其复位的复位拉簧44,所述固定板41下方设置有导料架45。 [0028] The discharge means 4 is disposed on the second X-axis bending device 302 and the third X-axis bending device 303, the discharge means 4 includes a stationary X-axis 302 in the second and third X-axis bending means bending means 303 Two fixed plate 41, the fixed plate 41 is hinged discharge chopsticks 42 dialed, unloading chopsticks dial 42 is provided with a drive rotation after discharge opening 43, and pull the reset of the reset tension spring 44, the Set below the fixed plate 41 with guide rack 45. 完成弯折的钢筋箍靠立在卸料拨筷42上,卸料拨筷42转动可使钢筋箍沿导料架45滑落,由导料架45引导进入集料处。 Completed by bending steel hoop chopsticks upright in the discharge dialing 42, the discharge can dial steel chopsticks 42 rotates hoop rack 45 slide along the guide, the guide rack 45 at the boot into the aggregate.

[0029] 进一步,为了便于设定待弯折的钢筋箍的边长,第一X轴弯曲装置301和第二X轴弯曲装置302之间、第二X轴弯曲装置302和第三X轴弯曲装置303之间分别设置有水平伸缩杆6,同时Y轴滑轨14上设置有竖直伸缩杆7。 [0029] Further, in order to facilitate the setting to be bent steel hoop side, the first X-axis bending device 301 and a second X-axis between the bending device 302, a second X-axis bending device 302 and the third X-axis bending 303 are provided between horizontal telescopic rod 6, while Y-axis rail is provided with a vertically telescopic rod 7 on 14. 所述水平伸缩杆6 —端固定在第一(二)X轴弯曲装置301 (302)上,另一端顶接在第二(三)X轴弯曲装置302 (303)上,可通过调节水平伸缩杆6的长度,改变相邻X轴弯曲装置之间的距离,从而设定弯箍的边长。 The horizontal telescopic rod 6 - end secured to the first (two) X-axis bending device 301 (302) and the other end connected to the top of the second (third) X-axis bending device 302 (303), by adjusting the horizontal scaling length of the rod 6, changing the distance between the adjacent X-axis bending device, so as to set the side bending hoop. 所述竖直伸缩杆7下端固定,另一端连接Y轴弯曲装置304,Y轴弯曲装置304滑动安装在Y轴滑轨14上,通过调节竖直伸缩杆7的长度,改变Y轴弯曲装置304与第三X轴弯曲装置303之间的距离,并使其与第一X轴弯曲装置301和第二X轴弯曲装置302之间的距离相等。 The lower end of the vertical telescopic rod 7 is fixed, and the other end connected to the Y-axis bending means 304, Y-axis bending device 304 slidably mounted on the Y axis rail 14, by adjusting the length of the vertical extendable rod 7, the bending device 304 to change the Y-axis and the third X-axis bending device distance between 303 and make the first X-axis bending device 301 and a second X-axis bending device 302 are equal distance. 需要设置钢筋箍的边长时,只需调节水平伸缩杆6和竖直伸缩杆7的长度即可,非常方便。 When you need to set steel hoop side, just adjust the horizontal telescopic rod length to 6 and a vertical telescopic rod 7, is very convenient.

[0030] 参照图17,本发明的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构可与钢筋定向送料机构、调直机构、定尺计量控制机构等结合使用,效果更好。 [0030] Referring to FIG. 17, the present invention multi-axis linkage automatic duplex steel hoop bending forming mechanism can be sent and reinforced directional feed mechanism, in combination with straightening mechanism, length measurement control institutions, the better.

[0031] 实施例二: [0031] Example Two:

参照图18、图19,本发明提供的第二实施例,包括机架,机架上设置有与钢筋输送方向相平行的X轴滑轨1,X轴滑轨I上设置有多个滑动小车11,滑动小车11包括第一滑动小车和第二滑动小车,滑动小车11底部设置有与X轴滑轨I相配合的滑轮,滑动小车11可沿X轴滑轨I滑动,滑动小车11上分别安装有裁剪装置2或弯曲装置3。 Referring to FIGS. 18 and 19, a second embodiment of the present invention provides, including the rack, the rack is provided with a steel conveying direction parallel to the X-axis slide 1, is provided with a plurality of sliding on the X-axis rail car I 11, slide the car 11 includes first and second slide sliding car trolley car sliding bottom 11 is provided with X-axis rail I mating pulley, sliding trolley 11 can slide along the X-axis rail I, 11, respectively, on a sliding car cutting means mounted bending means 2 or 3. 机架上还设置有卸料装置4。 Rack is also provided with discharge means 4.

[0032] 本实施例的裁剪装置2、弯曲装置3、助力装置和卸料装置4的结构与第一实施例相同,但在本实施例中,所述弯曲装置3包括两个依次排列的X轴弯曲装置305、306和两个Y轴弯曲装置307、308,两个Y轴弯曲装置307、308分别位于两个X轴弯曲装置305、306的上方。 [0032] The cutting apparatus of the present embodiment 2, bending means 3, power devices 4 and unloading apparatus of the same structure as that of the first embodiment, but in the present embodiment, the 3 comprises two successively arranged in the bending apparatus X axis bending means 305, 306 and two Y-axis bending means 307, 308, 307, 308, two Y-axis bending means are located above the 305,306 two X-axis bending device. 同样的,X轴弯曲装置305、306分别安装在设置有Z轴滑轨的第一滑动小车上,X轴弯曲装置305、306底部设置有滑轮,可沿Z轴滑轨滑动;Y轴弯曲装置307、308安装在Y轴滑轨14上,Y轴滑轨14固定在第二滑动小车上。 Similarly, X is axis bending means 305, 306 are mounted is provided with a Z-axis slide rails first small car, X-axis bending device 305, 306 is provided with a pulley at the bottom, along the Z-axis slide rails; Y axis bending device 307, 308 mounted on the Y-axis slide 14, Y-axis rail 14 is fixed to the second sliding trolley. X轴滑轨1、Y轴滑轨14和Z轴滑轨互相垂直。 X-axis slide 1, Y-axis slide 14 and the Z-axis rail perpendicular to each other.

[0033] 本实施例提供了弯曲装置的第二种排布方式,根据该排布方式,调整X轴弯曲装置305、306和Y轴弯曲装置307、308的动作次序,同样可实现钢筋箍的弯折动作。 [0033] The present embodiment provides a second arrangement of curved device, according to the arrangement, adjusting the X-axis and Y-axis 305, 306 bending bending device movement device order 307, 308, can achieve the same steel ferrule bending action.

[0034] 实施例三: [0034] Example Three:

参照图20、21,本发明提供的第三实施例,第三实施例的结构与第一、第二实施例基本相同,但在本实施例中,所述弯曲装置包括两个依次排列的X轴弯曲装置309、310和一个Y轴弯曲装置311,三个弯曲装置3的排布构成一个直角三角形。 Referring to FIG. 20 and 21, a third embodiment of the present invention provides a structure of the third embodiment and the first embodiment, the second embodiment is substantially the same, but in the present embodiment, the bending apparatus comprises two successively arranged in X axis bending means 309, 310 and a Y-axis bending device 311, three bending device 3 arranged to form a right triangle. 本实施例提供了弯曲装置的又一种排布方式,同样可实现钢筋箍的弯折动作。 The present embodiment provides a bending apparatus of yet another way of arrangement, can achieve the same reinforcement hoop bending operation.

[0035]总结:本发明的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构可用于钢筋的裁剪和弯箍加工,由于裁剪装置和弯曲装置在夹持钢筋后可在钢筋推送下沿X轴滑轨移动,即在加工过程中送料装置无需停机,可保持一直送料的状态,有效提高生产效率。 [0035] Summary: Multi-axis automatic linkage of the present invention forming duplex steel hoop bending mechanism can be used to cut and bend steel hoop processing, since the cutting device and the bending device can push bars along the X-axis rail in the clamping bars mobile, that send material in the process means no downtime can be kept in the state has been feeding, improve production efficiency. 本发明的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构能按设定自动进行钢筋的弯箍加工,能在送料过程中实现自动裁剪、自动弯箍和自动卸料,自动化程度高,优选配合钢筋调直机构、定尺计量控制机构等设备一起工作,使其效率最大化。 Multi-axis linkage automatic duplex steel of the present invention forming hoop bending mechanism can be set automatically by bending steel hoop processing, it can automatically cut the feeding process, automatic bending hoop and automatic discharge, high degree of automation, preferably with steel Straightening mechanism, length measurement control mechanism and other equipment to work together to maximize efficiency.

[0036] 此外,本发明的全自动多轴联动复式钢筋成型弯箍机构主要采用液压动力,通过巧妙连接的油路和增设控制阀、开启器进行动作操控,实现自动动作、同步联动和次序联动,达到的控制效果可与采用电子配件的数控设备相媲美。 [0036] In addition, the present invention multi-axis linkage automatic duplex steel hoop bending forming mechanism mainly hydraulic power, by cleverly connecting passage and additional control valve opener is operated control, automatic operation, synchronous linkage and linkage order to achieve the control effect with the use of electronic components CNC equipment comparable. 当然,上述的一些联动功能采用简单的电子触发开关实现,仍落入本发明的保护范围。 Of course, some of the above linkage function with a simple electronic trigger switch implementation, still fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0037] 以上仅为本发明的优先实施方式,只要以基本相同手段实现本发明目的的技术方案都属于本发明的保护范围之内。 Above [0037] only preferred embodiments of the present invention, as long as the basic means of achieving the same objective of the present invention, technical solutions are within the scope of the present invention.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN203209581U *25 Mar 201325 Sep 2013冯广建Automatic forming machine for once-forming of rebar
CN204171228U *5 Sep 201425 Feb 2015冯广建Full-automatic multi-axis linkage combined type steel bar forming hoop bending mechanism
EP2258494A1 *15 Mar 20108 Dec 2010WAFIOS AktiengesellschaftBending device for rod-shaped workpieces
US4735075 *7 Oct 19865 Apr 1988Usui Kokusai Sangyo Kabushiki KaishaBending device for automatic pipe bender
WO2009118143A2 *23 Mar 20091 Oct 2009N.G.F. Inzeniering D.O.O.Bending method and machine for metal rods and/or bars
WO2012013729A1 *27 Jul 20112 Feb 2012Schnell S.P.A.Method for making reinforcement irons
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
CN104624859A *4 Feb 201520 May 2015冯广建Novel reinforcing bar hoop bending machine
Classifications
International ClassificationB21F11/00, B21F23/00, B21F1/00
Cooperative ClassificationB21F23/00, B21F11/00, B21F1/008
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
7 Jan 2015C06Publication
4 Feb 2015C10Entry into substantive examination
23 Mar 2016C14Grant of patent or utility model