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Publication numberCN104220668 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201380006575
Publication date17 Dec 2014
Filing date23 Jan 2013
Priority date24 Jan 2012
Also published asCA2862310A1, EP2807303A1, EP2807303A4, US20140033782, WO2013112516A1
Publication number201380006575.8, CN 104220668 A, CN 104220668A, CN 201380006575, CN-A-104220668, CN104220668 A, CN104220668A, CN201380006575, CN201380006575.8
Inventors马克M布兰登
ApplicantFci特拉华控股有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Method and apparatus for continuous bulbing of stranded cable
CN 104220668 A
Abstract
A method of forming a bulb in a cable bolt includes providing cable from a cable source, advancing the cable in a first direction, and forming a bulb in a portion of the cable while the portion of the cable is continuously advanced and while the cable is continuously provided from the cable source.
Claims(20)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种在线缆锚杆中形成球结的方法,包括: 从线缆源提供线缆; 使所述线缆沿着第一方向行进;以及在从所述线缆源连续地提供所述线缆并使所述线缆的一部分连续地行进的同时在所述线缆的所述一部分中形成球结。 A method of forming nodules in the cable bolt, comprising: providing a cable from the cable source; causing the cable to travel along a first direction; and provide continuously from the cable source while continuously advancing said cable and forming a part of the cable sphere junction in the portion of the cable.
2. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,通过使球结形成机构随着所述线缆移动来形成所述球结。 2. The method of claim 1, wherein the junction is formed by means of the ball moving with the cable junction formed by the ball.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,还包括通过使切割装置随着所述线缆移动来在所述线缆连续地行进的同时将所述线缆切割成预定长度。 3. The method according to claim 1, further comprising cutting means by moving with the cable in the cable while continuously advancing the cable cut to a predetermined length.
4. 根据权利要求3所述的方法,其中,所述切割装置具有第一位置和与所述第一位置间隔开的第二位置,并且所述切割装置在将所述线缆切割成所述预定长度的同时在所述第一位置和所述第二位置之间移动。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein said cutting means having a first position and a second position spaced from said first position, and said cutting means to cut the said cable a predetermined length while moving between the first position and the second position.
5. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,所述线缆源包括具有一段线缆的卷筒,并且从所述卷筒的内部提供所述线缆。 5. The method according to claim 1, wherein said source comprises a cable spool having a length of cable, and to provide the cable from the drum interior.
6. 根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中,所述球结形成机构能够在第一位置和与所述第一位置间隔开的第二位置之间移动,并且所述球结形成机构在形成所述球结的同时从所述第一位置移动到所述第二位置。 6. The method of claim 2, wherein said nodules forming means movable between a first position and a second position spaced from said first position and said ball forming means forming junction At the same time the ball is moved from the junction of the first position to the second position.
7. 根据权利要求3所述的方法,还包括将切割成预定长度后的所述线缆卷绕在卷绕机上。 7. The method according to claim 3, further comprising a cable cut to a predetermined length after the wound on the winder.
8. 根据权利要6所述的方法,其中,在形成所述球结之后,所述球结形成机构从所述第二位置移动到所述第一位置。 8. The method according to claims 6, wherein, after forming the nodules, the nodules forming means is moved from said second position to said first position.
9. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,还包括在所述线缆的间隔开的各部分中形成多个球结。 9. The method according to claim 1, further comprising a plurality of nodules formed in each portion of the cable in spaced apart.
10. 根据权利要求2所述的方法,其中,所述球结形成机构包括第一夹具和第二夹具, 所述第一夹具在所述球结形成机构随着所述线缆移动时接合所述线缆,所述第二夹具相对于所述第一夹具移动以形成所述球结。 10. The method according to claim 2, wherein said ball forming means comprises a first node and a second clamp clamps the first clamp means is formed at the junction with the ball when the engagement of the cable to move said cable, said second clamp moved relative to the jig to form a first junction of the ball.
11. 根据权利要求1所述的方法,其中,所述线缆经由驱动机构而行进。 11. The method of claim 1, wherein said drive mechanism via a cable travels.
12. 根据权利要求3所述的方法,其中,从所述线缆源延伸的所述线缆的整个部分连续地行进直到所述线缆被切割成所述预定长度。 12. The method of claim 3, wherein the entire portion of the cable from the cable source extends continuously travel until the cable is cut into the predetermined length.
13. -种用于在线缆锚杆中形成球结的装置,包括: 驱动机构,其构造为使一段线缆连续地行进;以及球结形成机构,其能够沿着由第一位置和与所述第一位置间隔开的第二位置之间的所述一段线缆限定的纵轴线移动,其中,所述球结形成机构构造为在随着行进的线缆移动的同时在所述线缆上形成球结。 13. - means for forming nodules in the cable anchor in kind, comprising: a drive mechanism, which is configured to make some cable continuously travels; and nodules forming mechanism which can be moved in a first position and a moving said longitudinal axis of said first section of the cable position spaced defined between the second position, wherein said mechanism is configured as a ball is formed at the junction with the advancing movement of the cable while the cable On the formation of nodules.
14. 根据权利要求13所述的装置,还包括线缆源,所述线缆源构造为提供一段线缆。 14. The apparatus according to claim 13, further comprising a cable source, the source configured to provide a section of the cable wire.
15. 根据权利要求14所述的装置,其中,所述一段线缆延伸到所述驱动机构并且从所述驱动机构延伸到所述球结形成机构。 15. The apparatus according to claim 14, wherein said section of the cable extends into the drive mechanism and the drive means extends from the ball to the junction forming means.
16. 根据权利要求13所述的装置,还包括切割装置,所述切割装置构造为将一段线缆切割成预定长度。 16. The apparatus according to claim 13, further comprising cutting means, said cutting means configured to cut a predetermined length of the cable section.
17. 根据权利要求16所述的装置,其中,所述切割装置能够在第一位置和与所述第一位置间隔开的第二位置之间移动。 17. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein said cutting means is movable between a first position and a second position spaced from said first position.
18. 根据权利要求13所述的装置,其中,所述球结形成机构包括第一夹具和第二夹具, 所述第一夹具构造为在所述球结形成机构随着所述线缆移动时接合所述线缆,所述第二夹具能够相对于所述第一夹具移动以在所述线缆上形成球结。 18. The apparatus according to claim 13, wherein said ball forming means comprises a first node and a second clamp clamps the first clamp is configured to when said ball forming means with the cable junction mobile engaging said cable, said second clamp can be moved relative to the first clamp to form a ball on the cable junction.
19. 根据权利要求18所述的装置,其中,所述球结形成机构包括电动机以使所述球结形成机构在所述第一位置和所述第二位置之间移动。 19. The apparatus of claim 18, wherein said forming means includes an electric motor knot ball so that the ball junction forming means movable between said first position and said second position.
20. 根据权利要求19所述的装置,还包括线缆源,所述线缆源构造为提供一段线缆,其中,所述一段线缆延伸到所述驱动机构并且从所述驱动机构延伸到所述球结形成机构。 20. The apparatus according to claim 19, further comprising a cable source, the source wire cables configured to provide a period, wherein, said cable section extending to and extending from the drive mechanism to the drive mechanism The nodules formed institutions.
Description  translated from Chinese
用于连续地形成多股绞合线缆的球结的方法和装置 Method and apparatus for continuously forming a stranded cable junction ball

[0001] 相关申请的交叉引用 Cross [0001] REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0002] 本申请要求2012年1月24日提交的美国临时申请No. 61/590,010的优先权,该美国临时申请的全部内容通过引用方式并入本文。 [0002] This application claims the United States January 24, 2012 filed Provisional Application No. 61 / 590,010 filed, the entire contents of the US provisional applications are incorporated herein by reference.

技术领域 Technical Field

[0003] 本发明涉及线缆锚杆(cable bolt),具体地涉及用于在多股绞合线缆锚杆中形成球结的方法和装置。 [0003] The present invention relates to a cable anchor (cable bolt), particularly to a method and apparatus for forming nodules in a multi-stranded cable anchor used.

背景技术 Background

[0004] 线缆锚杆因易于处理和安装而被用在采矿业中。 [0004] The cable anchor is easy to handle and install due to be used in the mining industry. 线缆锚杆通常比常规圆钢锚杆系统的细长杆更易于安装在钻孔中。 Cable anchor is usually higher than the conventional round slender rod bolt systems easier to install in the borehole. 无论矿井中的高度限制如何,线缆锚杆都会因其可弯性而能够适用于任何长度的钻孔。 No matter how the mine height restrictions, the cable anchor will bend rather because it can be applied to the drilling of any length. 由于线缆的强度或承载力超过常规圆钢锚杆的强度或承载力,因此线缆对于某些顶板条件而言是优选的加强方式。 Due to the strength or carrying capacity of the cable over strength or carrying capacity of conventional round bolt, so the cable for some roof condition is preferable in terms of strengthening the way.

[0005] 通常通过以下方式来安装线缆锚杆:将包括催化剂和粘合剂材料的树脂盒放置在钻孔的封闭端、将线缆锚杆插入到钻孔中以便线缆锚杆的上端撕开树脂盒并且使树脂流入到钻孔和线缆锚杆之间的环带中、旋转线缆锚杆以混合树脂催化剂和树脂粘合剂、并且允许树脂固化在线缆锚杆周围。 [0005] Typically to install cable anchors in the following ways: will include catalyst and a binder resin material is placed in the closed end of the cartridge borehole, the cable anchor is inserted into the borehole so that the upper end of the cable bolt tear resin and the resin flow into the cartridge annulus between the borehole and the anchor cable, the anchor cable to the rotary mixing resin catalyst and a resin binder, and the resin is allowed to cure around the cable bolt. 在此类线缆锚杆中,树脂通常固化在线缆锚杆的位于钻孔的封闭端的上部。 In such a cable bolt, the resin is cured usually located in the upper portion of the closed end of the cable bolt drilling of. 线缆锚杆通常形成有一个或多个球结以增强锚杆与树脂之间的结合。 Cable Bolt generally formed with one or more nodules to enhance the binding between the bolt and the resin.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0006] 在一个实施例中,一种在线缆锚杆中形成球结的方法包括:从线缆源提供线缆、使所述线缆沿着第一方向行进、以及在从所述线缆源连续地提供所述线缆并使所述线缆的一部分连续地行进的同时在所述线缆的所述部分中形成球结。 Method [0006] In one embodiment, a method of forming nodules in the cable bolt comprises: providing a cable from the cable source, so that the cable travels along a first direction, and from the line continuously advancing the cable while continuously supplying the source and the cable portion of the cable junction formed at the ball portion of the cable.

[0007] 可以通过使球结形成机构随着线缆移动来形成球结。 [0007] junction is formed by the ball moving mechanism with a cable to form nodules. 该方法还可以包括通过使切割装置随着线缆移动来在线缆连续地行进的同时将线缆切割成预定长度。 The method may further comprise cutting means by moving with the cable in the cable while continuously advancing the cable cut to a predetermined length. 切割装置可以具有第一位置和与第一位置间隔开的第二位置,并且切割装置在将线缆切割成预定长度的同时在第一位置和第二位置之间移动。 Cutting means may have a first position and a second position spaced from the first position, and the cutting means into a predetermined length in the cable while moving between the first position and the second position. 线缆源可以包括具有一段线缆的卷筒,并且可以从卷筒的内部提供线缆。 Cable reel having a source may comprise a section of the cable, and the cable can be provided from the interior of the spool. 球结形成机构可以在第一位置和与第一位置间隔开的第二位置之间移动,并且球结形成机构在形成球结的同时从第一位置移动到第二位置。 Ball junction forming means is movable between a first position and a second position spaced from the first position, and the nodules formed while forming nodules mechanism moves from the first position to the second position. 该方法还可以包括将切割成预定长度后的线缆卷绕在卷绕机上。 The method may also include the winder cable winder after the cut to a predetermined length. 在形成球结之后,球结形成机构可以从第二位置移动到第一位置。 After the formation of nodules, nodules forming means can be moved from the second position to the first position. 该方法还可以包括在线缆的间隔开的各部分中形成多个球结。 The method may further comprise a plurality of nodules formed in each portion of the cable in spaced apart. 球结形成机构可以包括第一夹具和第二夹具,该第一夹具在球结形成机构随着线缆移动时接合线缆,并且该第二夹具相对于第一夹具移动以形成球结。 Ball and forming means may comprise a first clamp and a second clamp, the first fixture in the formation of nodules when the cable is moving mechanism engaged with the cable, and the second clamp movement relative to the first fixture to form nodules. 线缆可以经由驱动机构而行进。 The cable can travel via the drive mechanism. 从线缆源延伸的线缆的整个部分可以连续地行进直到线缆被切割成预定长度。 The entire portion of the cable extending from the source of the cable can be continuously travels through the wire is cut to a predetermined length.

[0008] 在另一个实施例中,一种用于在线缆锚杆中形成球结的装置包括:驱动机构,其构造为使一段线缆连续地行进;以及球结形成机构,其能够沿着由第一位置和与所述第一位置间隔开的第二位置之间的所述一段线缆限定的纵轴线移动。 [0008] In another embodiment, an apparatus for forming a ball at the junction of the cable bolt comprising: a drive mechanism configured to enable the cable section continuously travels; and nodules forming means, which can be moved by the period of the first cable and second positions with the first position spaced defined between the longitudinal axis to move. 所述球结形成机构构造为在随着行进的线缆移动的同时在所述线缆上形成球结。 The nodules forming means configured to move along with the traveling cable while forming nodules on the cable.

[0009] 该装置还可以包括线缆源,该线缆源构造为提供一段线缆。 [0009] The apparatus may further comprise a cable source, the source configured to provide a section of the cable wire. 一段线缆延伸到驱动机构并且从驱动机构延伸到球结形成机构。 Some cable extending to the drive mechanism and extending from the drive mechanism to the formation of nodules agency. 该装置还可以包括切割装置,该切割装置构造为将一段线缆切割成预定长度。 The apparatus may further include a cutting device, the cutting device configured as a section of the cable cut to a predetermined length. 切割装置可以在第一位置和与第一位置间隔开的第二位置之间移动。 Cutting means movable between a first position and a second position spaced from the first position. 球结形成机构可以包括第一夹具和第二家具,该第一夹具构造为在球结形成机构随着线缆移动时接合线缆,并且该第二夹具能够相对于第一夹具移动以在线缆上形成球结。 Ball and forming means may comprise a first clamp and a second furniture, the first fixture configured to form nodules when the cable is moving mechanism engaged with the cable, and the second jig can move relative to the first clamp-line formation of nodules on the cable. 球结形成机构可以包括电动机以使球结形成机构在第一位置和第二位置之间移动。 Nodules forming mechanism may comprise a motor means to move the ball junction formed between the first and second positions.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0010] 图1是根据本发明的一个实施例的用于在线缆锚杆中形成球结的装置的示意性视图,示出了球结形成机构的第一位置和切割机构的第一位置。 [0010] Figure 1 is used to form nodules in the schematic view of the cable bolt apparatus in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, showing a first position of the first position of the ball and the junction forming means cutting mechanism .

[0011] 图2A是根据本发明的另一个实施例的线缆卷筒的示意性视图。 [0011] FIG. 2A is a schematic view of a cable reel according to another embodiment of the present invention.

[0012] 图2B是根据本发明的另一个实施例的卷筒机构的示意性视图。 [0012] Figure 2B is a schematic view of the reel mechanism according to another embodiment of the present invention.

[0013] 图3是图1所示装置的示意性视图,示出了球结形成机构的第二位置和切割机构的第二位置。 [0013] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the apparatus shown in Figure 1, there is shown a second junction is formed the ball position and the second position of the cutting mechanism mechanism.

[0014] 图4是根据本发明的一个实施例的球结形成机构的平面视图,示出了形成球结之前的线缆锚杆。 [0014] FIG. 4 is a plan view of the junction forming means in accordance with one embodiment of the ball of the present invention, is shown prior to formation of nodules cable bolt.

[0015] 图5是图4所示球结形成机构的平面视图,示出了形成球结之后的线缆锚杆。 [0015] FIG. 5 is a plan view of the ball shown in Figure 4 junction formation mechanism, the cable bolt is shown after the formation of nodules.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0016] 在下文中,出于描述的目的,术语"上"、"下"、"右"、"左"、"坚直"、"水平"、"顶部"、 "底部"及其派生词应当按照在附图中的指向与本发明相关联。 [0016] In the following, for the purposes of the terms described in the "upper", "lower", "right", "left", "Kennedy straight", "horizontal", "top", "bottom" and its derivatives should be according to the figures point to be associated with the present invention. 然而,应理解的是:除非另有明确相反的描述,否则本发明可以具有各种可选的变型和步骤顺序。 However, it should be understood that: Unless otherwise expressly stated otherwise, or else the present invention may have various alternative variations and step sequences. 还应理解的是:在附图中示出并在下面说明书中描述的具体装置和过程仅仅是本发明的示例性实施例。 It should also be understood that: shown in the drawings and described in the following description of specific devices and processes are merely exemplary embodiments of the present invention. 因此,与在本文中公开的实施例相关的具体尺寸和其它物理特性不应被认为是限制性的。 Therefore, specific dimensions and other physical characteristics of the embodiments disclosed herein are not to be considered related to limiting.

[0017] 参考图1至图3,用于在线缆锚杆中形成球结的装置10包括卷筒12,卷筒12具有缠绕在卷筒12上的一段多股绞合线缆14,并且装置10构造为通过使卷筒12沿所示方向A 旋转来从卷筒12放出线缆。 [0017] with reference to FIGS. 1 through 3, the means for forming a ball at the junction of the cable bolt 10 comprises a spool 12, the spool 12 wound on the spool 12 having a multi-stranded cable section 14, and A device 10 is configured as the direction of rotation to release the cable from the drum 12 by the spool 12 in FIG. 尽管线缆14被示出为从卷筒12的外部行进,然而线缆14也可以被卷绕成使线缆14从如图2A所示线缆圈的中心或圈眼行进。 Although the cable 14 is illustrated as traveling from the outside of the spool 12, however, the cable 14 may be wound so that the cable or the ring 14 travels from the center of the cable eye ring shown in Figure 2A. 驱动机构16接收线缆14并且构造为使线缆14沿着与线缆14的纵轴线对应的方向行进。 A drive mechanism 16 receives the cable 14 and the cable 14 is configured to enable the cable along the longitudinal axis 14 corresponding to the traveling direction. 驱动机构16包括例如一套测量轮等测量装置(未示出),该测量装置允许沿着线缆14的长度以预定或可变的间隔形成球结。 E.g., the drive mechanism 16 includes a measurement device measuring wheel (not shown), which allows the measuring device 14 along the cable length to a predetermined or variable intervals forming nodules. 特别地,测量装置可以包括由移动的线缆驱动的编码器轮,该编码器轮包括根据编码器轮的每次旋转提供光脉冲的光学传感器。 In particular, the measuring means may include a cable driven by the movement of the encoder wheel, the encoder wheel comprises providing light pulses per revolution of the encoder wheel in accordance with an optical sensor. 线缆14行进的长度由编码器轮所经历过的旋转量(圈数)确定。 Cable length 14 to travel by the encoder wheel rotation amount ever experienced (laps) OK. 可编程逻辑控制器(PLC)(未示出)检测线缆14已经行进了一定长度的时刻并且对装置进行控制从而沿着线缆14的长度以预定或可变的间隔形成球结20 〇 Programmable logic controllers (PLC) (not shown) detects the cable 14 has traveled a certain length of time, and thereby to control the device along the cable length 14 to a predetermined or variable intervals nodules 20 billion

[0018] 再次参考图1至图3,球结形成机构18从驱动机构16接收线缆14并且按照PLC 或其它适当机构的控制沿着线缆14的长度形成一个或多个球结20。 [0018] Referring again to FIG. 1 to FIG. 3, the ball 18 cable junction forming means 16 receives from the driving mechanism 14 and is formed in accordance with one or more ball control PLC or other suitable means along the length of the cable 14. The junction 20. 球结形成机构18安装在以标记22示意性示出的滑动框架上,使得球结形成机构18可以沿着与行进的线缆14 的纵轴线对应的所示方向B移动以允许球结形成机构18随线缆14行进。 Nodules forming means 18 is mounted on the slide frame 22 are marked schematically illustrated, so that the formation of nodules mechanism 18 may travel along the longitudinal axis of the cable 14 is moved corresponding to the direction indicated by B to permit the formation of nodules mechanism 18 with the cable 14 travels. 特别地,球结形成机构18构造为通过在形成球结20的同时随线缆14移动来在线缆14连续地行进的同时在线缆14上形成球结20。 In particular, the nodules forming mechanism 18 is configured to simultaneously formed by the junction 20 with the ball moving cable 14 in the cable 14 while traveling continuously forming nodules 20 on the cable 14. 在一个实施例中,球结形成机构18包括可分离地接合线缆14的统一以标记24表示的一对夹具。 In one embodiment, the formation of nodules detachably engaging mechanism 18 includes a cable 14 to a unified numeral 24 indicates a pair of clamps. 夹具24中的一个夹具可以相对于另一个夹具移动以给线缆14的股线打结,从而在线缆14中形成球结20。 The jig 24 a jig fixture can move relative to the other to give the cable strands 14 knot, resulting in the formation of nodules cable 14 20. 当PLC启动球结形成序列时,球结形成机构18夹持在线缆14上并且在由测量装置和PLC确定的具体位置形成球结20的同时随线缆14行进。 When the PLC to start the ball junction is formed sequence, forming nodules on the cable clamping mechanism 18 and 14 at the specific location determined by the measuring device and the formation of nodules PLC 20 while traveling over a cable 14.

[0019] 在形成球结20之后,球结形成机构18脱离线缆14并且球结形成机构18移动到其原位置。 [0019] After the formation of nodules 20, Ball and forming mechanism 18 from the cable 14 and the ball knot forming mechanism 18 is moved to its original position. 因此,球结形成机构18具有球结形成序列开始时的第一位置(如图1所示)和球结形成序列结束时的与第一位置间隔开的第二位置(如图3所示)。 Thus, the formation of nodules nodules mechanism 18 having a first position at the start of the sequence (Figure 1) is formed and a second position nodules formed spaced apart from the first position when the end of the sequence (Figure 3) . 在形成了球结20之后,球结形成机构18返回到第一位置。 After the formation of nodules 20, Ball and forming mechanism 18 returns to the first position. 因为球结形成机构18可以移动,所以能够连续地操纵卷筒12和驱动机构16,使得线缆14连续地行进而不会使线缆14的任何部分停下,从而形成球结20。 Junction is formed because the ball mechanism 18 can be moved, so that the spool 12 can be continuously operated, and a drive mechanism 16 such that cable 14 travels continuously without causing any part of the cable 14 is stopped, so as to form nodules 20. 由于不必启动和停止给卷筒12和驱动机构16提供动力的驱动电动机(未示出)并且在形成球结20的过程中不存在中断时间,因此这种连续操作提高了球结形成操作的效率。 Due to having to start and stop the drum 12 and drive mechanism 16 provides power drive motor (not shown) and the formation of nodules in 20 there is no interruption in the process of time, so that continuous operation increases the efficiency of the operation ball junction is formed .

[0020] 再次参考图1和图3,在一个实施例中,在形成了一个或多个球结20之后,线缆14 继续经过切割装置26 (例如切断锯,然而也可以使用其它适当的切割装置)。 [0020] Referring again to FIG. 1 and FIG. 3, in one embodiment, after forming one or a plurality of balls junction 20, the cable 14 continues through the cutting device 26 (e.g. cutting saws, however, also possible to use other suitable cutting means). 切割装置26 以在上文中对球结形成机构18描述的方式相似的方式安装在滑动台结构28上,使得切割装置26可以沿着与行进的线缆14的纵轴线对应的所示方向C移动。 Cutting device 26 in a similar manner to the above described ball junction forming means 18 mounted on the slide platform structure 28, such that the cutting means 26 along the traveling direction indicated by the longitudinal axis of the cable 14 is moved corresponding C . 切割装置26构造为自动地将已形成球结的线缆14切割成预定长度,然后如标记30所示对切割后的线缆14进行捆绑和包装。 Cutting device 26 is configured to automatically cable 14 has been formed into a predetermined length ball junction, then mark after cutting the cable as shown in 30 of 14 bundles and packaging. 在另一个实施例中,如图2B所示,线缆14还可以经过切割装置26到达重绕卷绕机32,以允许沿卷绕机32的所示方向D卷绕较长的已形成球结的线缆锚杆。 In another embodiment, shown in Figure 2B, the cable 14 through the cutting device 26 can also reach the rewinding winder 32, to allow the winding machine along the direction D in FIG. 32 has been wound a long ball formed cable junction bolt. 切割装置26具有切割过程开始时的第一位置(如图1所示)和切割过程结束时的与第一位置间隔开的第二位置(如图3所示)。 Cutting device 26 has a first position at the start of the cutting process (Figure 1) and a second position and a first position spaced from the end of the cutting process (Figure 3). 在执行完切割过程之后,切割装置26返回到第一位置。 After performing the cutting process, the cutting device 26 is returned to the first position. 切割装置26的运动允许线缆14连续地行进,从而允许线缆14在整个过程中具有正速度。 Movement of the cutting device 26 allows the cable 14 travels continuously, allowing the cable 14 having a positive speed throughout the process.

[0021] 参考图4和图5,更详细地示出了球结形成机构18的一个实施例。 [0021] Referring to Figure 4 and Figure 5 shows in more detail the formation of nodules embodiment of a mechanism 18. 球结形成机构18由具有一对平行齿条42的框架40支撑。 Nodules forming mechanism 18 by a frame 42 having a pair of parallel racks 40 support. 球结形成机构18包括固定地安装在基座46上的第一夹具组44和可移动地安装在基座46上的第二夹具组48。 Nodules forming mechanism 18 comprises a base fixedly mounted on a first jig 46 and set 44 movably mounted on the base 46 of the second set of clamp 48. 第二夹具组48由滑动衬套50和轴结构52支撑。 The second group fixture 48 by the sliding bush 50 and the shaft support structure 52. 夹具组44、48各自包括液压操纵的彼此相对的一对卡爪54、56, 卡爪54、56能够可分离地接合线缆14。 Clamp group 44, 48 each comprise a pair of opposing each other hydraulically operated pawls 54, 56, 54, 56 can be detachably pawl 14 engaging the cable. 然而,也可以使用其它适当的夹持结构来夹住线缆14。 However, it is also possible to use other suitable clamping structure to clamp the cable 14. 使用双作用液压缸58、60来致动第一夹具组44和第二夹具组48,以便将线缆14夹持在第一夹具组44和第二夹具组48之间。 Double-acting hydraulic cylinders 58, 60 to actuate the first and second clamp jig group 44 group of 48 to 14 holding the cable clamp set in the first 44 and second 48 fixture between groups. 也可以用单作用液压缸替代双作用液压缸58、60, 该单作用液压缸致动第一夹具组44和第二夹具组48以便将线缆14夹持在第一夹具组44 和第二夹具组48之间。 You can also replace the double-acting hydraulic cylinders 58, 60 with a single-acting hydraulic cylinder, the single-acting hydraulic cylinder actuating the first and second clamp jig group 44 group of 48 to 14 holding the cable in the first group 44 and the second jig 48 fixture between groups.

[0022] 球结形成机构18包括呈液压活塞形式的致动器62,致动器62的一端固定地安装在基座46上而致动器62的另一端可移动地安装在第二夹具组48上。 [0022] nodules forming mechanism 18 comprises, in the form of a hydraulic piston actuator 62, one end of the actuator 62 is fixedly mounted on the base 46 and the actuator 62 is mounted on the other end of the second clamp movably set 48. 在球结形成过程中, 活塞62实现第二夹具组48朝向第一夹具组44的运动。 In the formation of nodules, the piston 62 to achieve a second clamp assembly 48 towards the first set of motion jig 44. 作为选择,单个致动器62可以被位于线缆14的两侧的两个致动器替代,这两个致动器中的每个致动器的一端固定地安装在基座46上而每个致动器的另一端可移动地安装在第二夹具组48上。 Alternatively, a single actuator 62 may be located on both sides of the cable actuator 14 Alternatively, the two actuators one end of each actuator is fixedly mounted on the base 46 and each an actuator attached to the other end of the movable clamp 48 on the second group. 可以使用例如电力等其它动力源来给致动器提供动力。 You can use other power sources such as electricity to provide power to the actuator.

[0023] 球结形成机构18包括与平行齿条42齿轮啮合的一组从动前小齿轮64和互补的一对空载后小齿轮66,以便使夹具组44、88能够在上述球结形成过程中随线缆14移动。 [0023] nodules forming mechanism 18 includes a rack 42 and parallel to a group of driven gear before the pinion 64 and a complementary pair of load after a small gear 66, so that the holder can set 44,88 junction is formed in said ball With the cable 14 during movement. 前小齿轮64优选由可换向、可变速且具有内置制动器的液压马达68驱动。 Front pinion 64 is preferably driven by a reversible, variable speed and has a built-in brake hydraulic motor 68. 可换向、可变速且具有制动器的电动机也可以用于此目的。 Reversible, variable speed and brake motors have to be used for this purpose. 尽管球结形成机构18可移动地安装在框架40上, 然而球结形成机构18也可以可移动地安装在与线缆14平行地延伸的顶板导轨或其它适当的结构上。 Although nodules forming mechanism 18 movably mounted on the frame 40, but the ball junction forming means 18 may be movably mounted on the cable 14 extending parallel to the roof rail or other suitable structure. 球结形成机构18包括用于测量形成在线缆中的球结的径向位移的一个或多个近程传感器(未示出)。 Forming junction means comprises a ball 18 formed in the cable for measuring one or more proximity sensors (not shown) of the radial displacement of the nodules. 球结形成机构18还包括用于控制小齿轮64、66的沿着齿条42的运动的编码器70。 Nodules forming mechanism 18 further includes means for controlling the movement of the pinion 64, 66 along the rack 42 of the encoder 70.

[0024] 在使用中,线缆14行进而横跨框架40的长度,线缆14的一部分延伸通过第一夹具组44和第二夹具组48的卡爪54、56。 [0024] In use, the cable 14 travels across the length of the frame 40, the cable 14 extends through a portion of the first group 44 and second clamp jaws 54, 56 clamp set 48. 然后,如图4所示,将油压施加在双作用液压缸58、 60上,以便分别将线缆14夹持在第一夹具组44和第二夹具组48的卡爪54、56之间。 Then, as shown in Figure 4 is applied to the hydraulic double-acting hydraulic cylinders 58, 60, 14, respectively, so that the cable is clamped between the first clamp 44 and second clamp group set jaw 54 48 . 然后,如图5所示,致动液压活塞62,以便使第二夹具组48朝向第一夹具组44移动,从而在线缆14中形成球结20。 Then, as shown in FIG. 5, the hydraulic actuating piston 62, so that the second clamp 48 is moved toward the first clamp group 44, thereby forming a ball at the junction 20 of the cable 14. 当线缆14被第一夹具组44和第二夹具组48夹持时,液压马达68驱动小齿轮64以使球结形成机构18沿着与线缆14的纵轴线对应的方向随线缆14移动。 When the cable 14 is a first clamp and the second clamp 44 set 48 set gripping, hydraulic motor 68 drives the pinion gear 64 to the ball mechanism 18 is formed along the junction with the longitudinal axis of the cable 14 of the cable 14 with the direction corresponding to Mobile. 因此,线缆14的形成球结20的部分连续地行进。 Thus, cable 14 is formed nodules portion 20 continuously travels. 可以通过使用一个或多个近程传感器(未示出)限制球结20的径向位移来利用PLC控制线缆14的径向位移。 By using one or more proximity sensors (not shown) to limit radial displacement of the ball junction 20 to take advantage of PLC controlled radial displacement of the cable 14. 在形成第一球结之后, 将油压施加在液压缸58、60上,以便从第一夹具组44和第二夹具组48的卡爪54、56松开线缆14。 After forming the first nodules, the oil pressure is applied to the hydraulic cylinders 58, 60, 54, 56, 48 in order to set the claw from the first group 44 and the second jig jig release cable 14. 然后,如图4所示,将油压施加在液压活塞62的顶侧,从而又将第二夹具组48移回到其起始位置。 Then, as shown in Figure 4 is applied to the oil pressure in the top of the hydraulic piston 62 side, thereby turn the second jig 48 is moved back to its starting position. 在球结形成过程之后,球结形成机构18处于图3所示的上述第二位置。 After the formation of nodules, nodules forming means 18 is in the second position shown in FIG. 3. 然后,马达68沿着齿条42驱动小齿轮64,以便将球结形成机构18移动到图1所示的上述第一位置,从而进行另一个球结形成过程。 Then, the motor 68 drives the pinion 42 along the rack 64, so that the ball 18 is moved junction forming means to said first position shown in Figure 1, thereby performing another ball junction formation process. 尽管一般地提到了第一位置和第二位置,然而球结形成机构18可以在线缆14连续地行进的同时根据需要在线缆14上的预定位置形成一个或多个球结20。 Although generally referred to the first and second positions, however, the formation of nodules mechanism 18 may form one or more balls in the cable 14 while traveling continuously according to a predetermined desired position on the cable 14. The junction 20.

[0025] 附图所示的上述球结形成机构18可以采用其它形式,只要用于形成球结的机构可以移动而允许线缆的形成球结的部分连续地行进即可。 [0025] Results shown in the drawings said ball forming means 18 may take other forms, as long as the means for forming the junction may move the ball to allow the ball portion formed continuously junction cables can travel. 特别地,可以将球结形成机构18 实施为在Evans等人的美国专利申请公开No. 2011/0259072以及授予Hedrick的美国专利No. 5, 344, 256和No. 6, 820, 657中揭示和描述的球结形成机构,上述专利申请和专利的全部内容均通过引用方式并入本文。 In particular, the ball may be implemented junction forming means 18 is in Evans et al., U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2011/0259072 and U.S. Patent No. granted Hedrick 5, 344, 256, and No. 6, 820, 657 discloses and Ball described the knot forming mechanism, the entire contents of patent applications and patents are incorporated herein by reference.

[0026] 虽然出于说明的目的并基于目前被认为是最实用和最优选的实施例详细地描述了本发明,但应理解的是:这样的细节仅仅是出于说明的目的并且本发明不限于所公开的实施例,相反,本发明意欲涵盖落入本说明书的要旨和范围内的变型和等同结构。 [0026] Although for purposes of illustration and based on currently considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiment, the present invention is described in detail, it should be understood that: such detail is solely for purposes of illustration and the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments, but, falling into the gist of the present invention is intended to cover modifications and equivalent structures of this specification and scope. 例如,应理解的是:本发明设想在可能的范围内,任何一个实施例的一个或多个特征都可以与任何其它实施例的一个或多个特征结合。 For example, it should be understood that: the present invention may be contemplated within the scope of any one or more features of one embodiment may be combined with any other embodiment one or more features.

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Classifications
International ClassificationD07B5/00
Cooperative ClassificationE21D21/006, D07B7/187, B21F45/06
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17 Dec 2014C06Publication
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