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Publication numberCN104148604 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 201410415710
Publication date6 Apr 2016
Filing date22 Aug 2014
Priority date22 Aug 2014
Also published asCN104148604A
Publication number201410415710.0, CN 104148604 B, CN 104148604B, CN 201410415710, CN-B-104148604, CN104148604 B, CN104148604B, CN201410415710, CN201410415710.0
Inventors申汉芳, 袁清鸿, 李富帅, 张斌, 卞治华, 万茂军, 周干水, 裴国良, 曹永峰, 王朝盈, 刘晶
Applicant中冶连铸技术工程有限责任公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机 Total column integrated small roll spacing dynamic pressure straightening machine translated from Chinese
CN 104148604 B
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明公开一种共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机,是辊间距最小值为550mm的共立柱结构拉矫机,适用于基本弧半径R=(6~12m)、辊子对数为(2~10)对连铸机,每一对上下辊的中心均布置在矫直曲线的法线上;每相邻两个辊子共用一组支撑立柱,各上辊分别沿着立柱两侧的滑道上下运动;内置位移传感器的液压缸能精确控制上辊压下量并动态调整辊缝;每相邻两个液压缸的液压缸支座亦共用一组支撑立柱,最后二对上下辊既是拉坯、轻压下辊,也是脱坯辊。 The present invention discloses a small roll spacing Total column integrated dynamic pressure straightening machine, roll spacing of 550mm is the minimum total column structure straightening machine for basic arc radius R = (6 ~ 12m), on the number of rollers (2 to 10) of the continuous casting machine, the center of each of the upper and lower rollers are arranged in the normal line straightening curves; every two adjacent rollers share a support column, each of the rollers are along the sides of the uprights slide up and down motion; on the hydraulic cylinder can be precisely controlled displacement sensor built-roll reduction and dynamically adjusts the roll gap; every two adjacent cylinders of a hydraulic cylinder holder also share a support column, the last two pairs of both the upper and lower rollers casting, soft reduction rolls, also off roller. 结构紧凑,辊间距小,可在较短的液相区内布置较多的压下辊,满足工艺上多点压下要求,拉矫机从弧形段经矫直过渡到水平段的过程中实现动态压下功能,并完成送引锭杆、脱引锭以及拉坯矫直任务。 Compact, small roll gap can be more pressure rollers are arranged in a relatively short liquid region, to meet the multi-point reduction on the process requirements, straightening machine from the arc segment to the transition process by straightening in the horizontal section dynamic pressure function, and send complete dummy bar, and the casting off starter straightening task.
Claims(2)  translated from Chinese
1.共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机,是辊间距最小值为550mm的共立柱结构拉矫机;包括上下对辊、内置位移传感器的液压缸、立柱、底座、滑座、防扭装置、冷却装置和驱动装置,所述立柱有前后二组共14根,前后二组立柱相应的支撑在前后底座上;所述上下对辊有六对,其中六个下辊是固定在底座带角度的安装面上的自由辊、六个上辊中有四个是传动辊,另两个为自由辊;每一对上下辊的中心均布置在矫直曲线的法线上;与所述六个上辊对应的有六个液压缸,所述液压缸与固定上辊的滑座铰接,液压缸内均带有位移传感器;其特征在于: 所述前后二组立柱各有七根,进坯段为第一根立柱、出坯段为第七根立柱,其中第一、第七根立柱仅内侧有滑道,自第二至第六根立柱的两侧均有滑道,构成相邻的两对辊子共用一个支撑立柱,所述液压缸驱动各个上辊分别沿着两侧立柱上的滑道上下运动; 所述支撑每一个液压缸的两个液压缸支座与立柱之间有斜楔或者是螺栓固连在一起,每相邻两个液压缸的液压缸支座也共用一个支撑立柱; 第五、第六对上下辊的开口度均大于前四对上下辊的开口度; 第五、第六对上下辊既是拉坯、轻压下对辊,也是脱坯对辊。 1. Total column integrated small roll spacing dynamic pressure straightening machine, roll spacing is a minimum value of total column structure of the straightening machine 550mm; includes upper and lower pairs of rollers, cylinder displacement sensor built, column, base, slide, anti twisting means, cooling means and the drive means, the group of two front and rear uprights 14, two groups before and after the respective support columns in the front and rear base; said upper and lower pairs of rollers has six pairs, of which six are lower roller fixed to the base free rollers angled mounting surface, six rolls on four of the drive roller, the other two for the free roll; the center of each of the upper and lower rollers are arranged in the normal line straightening curves; and the there are six upper roller corresponding to six hydraulic cylinders, the hydraulic cylinder is hinged with the carriage, the hydraulic cylinder with the fixing roller are displacement sensor; wherein: each of said front and rear two groups of seven columns, into billet for the first pillars, the pillars for the seventh billet, wherein the first, seventh pillars have only the inside of the chute, from both sides of the pillars of the second through sixth were chute constituting the adjacent oblique between the support of each of two hydraulic cylinders and hydraulic cylinders bearing column; two pairs of rollers share a support column, the hydraulic cylinders on each drive rollers are moved up and down along the guide rails on both sides of the column wedge or bolted together, each two adjacent cylinders of a cylinder holder also share standoffs; fifth, sixth on the opening of the upper and lower rolls are larger than the opening of the first four upper and lower rollers; s Fifth, sixth on both the upper and lower rollers stretch, gently press down on the roll, but also roll off billet.
2.如权利要求1所述的共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机,其特征在于:所述对棍数量最少为二对、最多达到十对;当对棍数量是二对时,二个上棍是传动棍;当对棍数量是十对时,十个上辊中可根据工艺需要任意配置传动辊数量,第一、第十根立柱仅内侧有滑道,自第二至第九根立柱的两侧均有滑道,构成相邻的两对辊子共用一个支撑立柱,所述液压缸驱动各个上辊分别沿着两侧立柱上的滑道上下运动。 2. The total column of claim 1, wherein the integration of small roll spacing dynamic pressure straightening machine, characterized in that: the number of sticks least two pairs, reach up to ten pairs; when the number is two to stick to the time, two drives on the stick is a stick; when to stick to the number ten at ten on a roll can be configured according to the technological needs of any number of drive roller, first, tenth pillars only the inside of the guide rails, from the second to both sides of the nine pillars has slide form two adjacent pairs of rollers share a support column, the hydraulic cylinders on each drive rollers are moved up and down along the guide rails on both sides of the column.
Description  translated from Chinese
共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机 Total column integrated small roll spacing dynamic pressure straightening machine

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机,具体为小方坯连铸机带多点动态压下拉矫机,属冶金行业冶金机械技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to the integration of small roll spacing uprights total dynamic pressure straightening machine, in particular for the billet caster with a multi-point dynamic pressure straightening machine belongs to the technical field of metallurgical machinery metallurgical industry.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 铸坯连铸工艺中,铸坯内部一般会存在中心偏析和中心疏松等缺陷,受成分和铸坯凝固特性的影响,高碳当量钢种铸坯的中心偏析和中心疏松缺陷更为严重,动态压下技术通过在线压下补偿铸坯中心的凝固收缩来控制铸坯内部致密度和均质性,从而起到提升铸坯内部质量、提高连铸生产效率的目的。 [0002] slab continuous casting process, the slab will generally exist inside the center segregation and center porosity and other defects, affected by the composition and properties of solidification of the slab, the center segregation and center porosity defects in high-carbon steel billet equivalent others serious, dynamic pressure technology to control the internal strand density and homogeneity, which play to enhance the internal slab quality, increase production efficiency purposes casting online depressing solidification shrinkage compensation slab center. 通过在线跟踪铸坯凝固进程,适时地在合适位置实施压下或动态调整辊缝则称为动态压下。 Through online tracking strand solidification process, timely implementation of reduction in a suitable location or dynamic adjustment of the roll gap is called dynamic pressure. 近年来,随着用户对铸坯质量要求的不断提高,具有动态轻压下、重压下功能的拉矫机越来越受到用户的青睐。 In recent years, as users of the slab quality requirements continue to increase, with dynamic soft reduction, under the weight of the tension leveler function more and more users of all ages.

[0003] 带动态压下的小方坯连铸机因铸机半径小,铸坯断面小,可用于动态压下的液相区长度短,必须在有限的范围内布置较多的压下辊,对铸坯进行压下使其发生形变;要实现动态压下,必须根据跟踪结果适时地在合适位置实施压下或动态调整辊缝,故每个上辊必须能单独控制;因铸坯要发生形变,以改善铸坯内部质量,每一对上辊与下辊的中心连线必须布置在矫直曲线的法线上,亦即液压缸的垂直中心线以及机架滑道的垂直中心线均与弧形铸坯法线重合,且能适应不同铸坯断面。 [0003] with a dynamic pressure due to the billet caster casting machine radius, small strand section can be used for short length of the dynamic pressure of the liquid region, to be arranged more pressure rollers within a limited range of the slab is pressed and it is deformed; to achieve dynamic pressure, or pressure must be timely implement dynamic adjustment of the roll gap in a suitable position according to tracking results, it must be able to control each roller individually; due to the slab deformed, in order to improve the internal slab quality, the center of each roller and the lower roller pair wiring to be arranged in the normal line straightening the curve, that is the vertical centerline of the vertical centerline of the hydraulic cylinder and rack slide They are curved slab with normal overlap, and can adapt to different strand section.

[0004] 现有小方坯拉矫机通常为整体机架的五辊渐进矫直拉矫机(如附图1所示),机架上共有5个辊子,其中只有两个上辊,上辊转臂一端通过转轴铰接在机架支座上,另一端与液压缸铰接,在液压缸驱动下,上辊绕转轴作圆周运动。 [0004] Billet existing tension leveler typically whole rack of five-roll gradual straightening straightening machine (as shown in photo 1), a total of five rack rollers, only two of the rolls on Three roll hinged end of the arm via a rotating shaft on the seat frame, and the other end is hinged to the hydraulic cylinder, the hydraulic cylinder, the upper roll in a circular motion around the shaft. 其不足之处在于:(1)对于不同的铸坯断面,上下辊的中心连线不可能均与矫直曲线垂直,不能适用于轻压下工况;⑵转臂结构占用空间大,在有限的矫直区内只能布置一个上辊,在水平段上布置另一个上辊,无法满足多点适时压下的要求; The downside is that: (1) for different strand section, the center of upper and lower rollers are unlikely connection with the vertical curve straightening, soft reduction can not be applied to getting off work conditions; ⑵ boom structure large space, limited the straightening zone is arranged only on a roll in the horizontal section disposed on another roll, can not meet the requirements of multi-point reduction in due course;

[0005] 现有大方坯拉矫机通常为多机架多点连续渐进矫直拉矫机组(如附图2所示),每组拉矫机为独立机架,机架上的下辊为自由辊,上辊可带有液压缸和传动装置,可实现铸坯的压下及拉矫功能。 [0005] Existing bloom tension leveler typically multi-stand continuous progressive multi-point straightening straightening unit (as illustrated in FIG. 2), each as a separate chassis straightening machine, roll down the rack is free roller, the roller can be provided with hydraulic cylinders and actuators, can realize a reduction of the slab and straightening function. 但此种机型的不足之处为:独立机架占用空间较大,各上辊之间辊间距较大,同样不能满足带动态压下的小方坯拉矫机小辊间距的要求。 But the shortcomings of this model are: Independent rack space larger roll gap between the upper roller is large, the same can not meet with the dynamic pressure of billet straightening machine small roller spacing requirements.

[0006] 实用新型专利《一种小方坯连铸轻压下拉坯机》(申请号:CN201320290601.1)所述的装置包括6台拉坯单元、一台脱坯单元和两个自由辊,其不足之处是拉坯单元中无脱坯装置;实用新型专利《一种带轻压下功能的连铸坯拉矫机装置》(申请号:CN02289305.9)所述的装置是小直径密排辊固定于同一个框架上,其不足之处是不能实现单独控制每个上辊,上下辊的中心不可能始终在矫直曲线的法线上;新型专利《具有等机架多点连续渐进矫直技术的拉矫机组》(申请号:CN200920030967.9)是每一组矫直辊固定于一个机架中,每两组矫直辊间有2个立柱,其不足之处是立柱占用空间较大,无法满足带动态压下的小方坯拉矫机小辊间距的要求;发明专利《五辊双机架渐进矫直拉矫机》(申请号:CN01112954.9)同样存在无法满足带动态压下的小方坯拉矫机小辊间距的要求问题。 Casting apparatus comprises six units, one unit off billet and two free rollers, wherein the: [0006] utility model patents "A small, soft reduction bloom continuous casting billet pulldown machine" (CN201320290601.1 Application No.) the downside is that the casting unit off billet no means; utility model patents, "the soft-reduction function with one kind of billet straightening machine device" (application No.: CN02289305.9) means is a small diameter close row roller fixed on the same frame, its shortcomings can not be achieved individually controlling each roller, roll up and down the center was not always possible in the normal line straightening curves; new patent "has a continuous multi-rack and other progressive straightening unit straightening technology "(application number: CN200920030967.9) is fixed to each set of straightening rolls a rack, each between two straightening rollers have two columns, the downside is that the column space large, can not meet with the dynamic pressure of billet straightening machine small roller spacing requirements; invention patent "five roller double rack gradual straightening straightening machine" (application number: CN01112954.9) can not be met with the same presence the dynamic pressure straightening machine billet requirements of small roller pitch.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0007] 本发明的目的是针对背景技术所述不足,设计一种专用于小方坯连铸机的共立柱一体化小辊间距多点动态压下拉矫机,适用于基本弧半径R= (6〜12m)、辊子对数为(2〜10)对的连铸机,辊间距最小值可达到550mm ;每一对上下辊的中心均布置在矫直曲线的法线上;每相邻两个辊子共用一个支撑立柱,分别沿着立柱两侧的滑道上下运动;内置位移传感器的液压缸能精确控制上辊的压下量并动态调整辊缝;每相邻两个液压缸的液压缸支座也是共用一个支撑立柱,支撑液压缸的两个液压缸支座通过螺栓联接在一起,后二对上下辊既是拉坯、轻压下对辊,也是脱坯对辊。 [0007] The present invention is directed to the lack of technical background, dedicated to the design of a billet caster column total integration of small roll spacing multipoint dynamic pressure straightening machine for basic arc radius R = ( 6~12m), the roller pair number (2~10) of the continuous casting machine, roll spacing can be achieved minimum 550mm; the center of each of the upper and lower rollers are arranged in the normal line straightening curves; every two adjacent rolls share a support column, respectively, along the sides of the column slide up and down movement; reduction on the hydraulic cylinder can be precisely controlled displacement sensor built-roll and dynamically adjusts the roll gap; every two adjacent cylinders hydraulic cylinders supports also share a support pillar supporting hydraulic cylinder mount two hydraulic cylinders are coupled together by bolts, after two pairs of upper and lower rollers are both throwing, under light pressure on the roll, but also roll off billet. 结构紧凑,辊间距小,在较短的液相区内布置较多的压下辊,满足工艺上多点压下的参数要求,大大提升铸坯内部质量及连铸生产效率,本拉矫机既能在从弧形段经矫直过渡到水平段的过程中实现动态压下功能,达到提升铸坯内部质量、提尚连铸生广效率的目的;又能同时完成送引徒杆、脱引徒以及拉还矫直的任务。 Compact, small roll gap, the shorter liquid region more pressure rollers are arranged to meet the multi-point reduction process parameter requirements, greatly enhance the quality of blooms casting and production efficiency, this straightening machine can not only realize the transition from the curved section to the horizontal section through the straightening process of dynamic pressure function, to enhance the quality of blooms, mention still casting Shengguang efficiency purposes; can simultaneously send cited only lever off cited Act also straightening and pulling tasks.

[0008] 本发明的技术方案是:共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机,是辊间距最小值为550mm的共立柱结构拉矫机;包括上下对辊、内置位移传感器的液压缸、立柱、底座、滑座、防扭装置、冷却装置和驱动装置,所述立柱有前后二组共14根,前后二组立柱相应的支撑在前后底座上;所述上下对辊有六对,其中六个下辊是固定在底座带角度的安装面上的自由辊、六个上辊中有四个是传动辊,另两个为自由辊;每一对上下辊的中心均布置在矫直曲线的法线上;与所述六个上辊对应的有六个液压缸,所述液压缸与固定上辊的滑座铰接,液压缸内均带有位移传感器;其特征在于: [0008] aspect of the present invention are: the integration of small roll spacing column total dynamic pressure straightening machine, it is the minimum roll spacing of 550mm pillar structure for the co-straightening machine; includes upper and lower pairs of rollers, built a hydraulic cylinder displacement sensor, column, the base, carriage, anti-twist means, cooling means and the drive means, the group of two front and rear uprights 14, two groups before and after the respective support columns in the front and rear base; said upper and lower pairs of rollers has six pairs, wherein six free roller lower roller is fixed on the mounting surface of the base angled, six rolls on four of the drive roller, the other two for the free roll; the center of each of the upper and lower rollers are arranged in straightening the curve on the normal line; and the upper roller corresponding to six six hydraulic cylinders, the hydraulic cylinder is hinged with the carriage, the hydraulic cylinder with the fixing roller are displacement sensor; characterized in that:

[0009] 所述前后二组立柱各有七根,进坯段为第一根立柱、出坯段为第七根立柱,其中第一、第七根立柱仅内侧有滑道,自第二至第六根立柱的两侧均有滑道,构成相邻的两对辊子共用一个支撑立柱,所述液压缸驱动各个上辊分别沿着两侧立柱上的滑道上下运动; [0009] The two groups before and after each of seven columns, into billets for the first pillars, the pillars for the seventh billet, wherein the first, seventh pillars have only the inside of the chute, from the second to sixth pillars on both sides of the chute are constituting two adjacent pairs of rollers share a support column, the hydraulic cylinders on each drive rollers are moved up and down along the guide rails on both sides of the column;

[0010] 所述支撑每一个液压缸的两个液压缸支座与立柱之间有斜楔或者是螺栓固连在一起,每相邻两个液压缸的液压缸支座也共用一个支撑立柱; There wedge or bolted together between [0010] the support of each of two hydraulic cylinders and hydraulic cylinders bearing columns, each two adjacent cylinders of a hydraulic cylinder holder also share a supporting post;

[0011] 所述第五、第六对上下辊的开口度均大于前四对上下辊的开口度; [0011] The fifth, sixth on the opening of the upper and lower rolls are larger than the opening of the first four on the upper and lower rollers;

[0012] 所述第五、第六对上下辊既是拉坯、轻压下对辊,也是脱坯对辊。 [0012] The fifth, sixth on both the upper and lower roll casting, soft reduction on the roll, but also on the roll off billet.

[0013] 优选的,所述对辊数量最少为二对,最多可达到十对;当对辊数量是二对时,二个上辊是传动辊;当对辊数量是十对时,十个上辊中可根据工艺需要任意配置传动辊数量,第一、第十根立柱仅内侧有滑道,自第二至第九根立柱的两侧均有滑道,构成相邻的两对辊子共用一个支撑立柱,所述液压缸驱动各个上辊分别沿着两侧立柱上的滑道上下运动。 [0013] Preferably, the number of rollers least two pairs, can be up to ten pairs; when the number is two pairs of rollers, the two rollers on the drive roller; when the roll when the number ten on ten the rolls can be configured according to the technological needs of any number of drive roller, first, tenth pillars only the inside of the guide rails, from the second to ninth pillars on both sides of the chute are constituting two adjacent pairs of rollers share a support column, the hydraulic cylinders on each drive rollers are moved up and down along the guide rails on both sides of the column.

[0014] 本发明的有益效果是: [0014] the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

[0015] (1)结构紧凑,辊间距最小值可达到550mm,在较短的液相区内能布置较多的压下辊,满足工艺上多点压下的参数要求,大大提升铸坯内部质量及连铸生产效率; [0015] (1) compact structure, minimum roll spacing up to 550mm, the shorter liquid region can be arranged more pressure rollers, to meet the multi-point reduction process parameter requirements, greatly enhance the internal slab casting quality and production efficiency;

[0016] (2)能单独控制每个上辊,适时地在合适位置实施压下或动态调整辊缝,真正实现动态压下; [0016] (2) can be controlled separately on each roll, timely implementation of the reduction in a suitable location or dynamic adjustment of the roll gap, truly dynamic pressure;

[0017] (3)每一对上下辊的中心均布置在矫直曲线的法线上,压下时铸坯始终受正压力,不受切向力,能适应多种断面并确保铸坯质量; [0017] (3) of each pair of upper and lower rollers are arranged in the center of the normal line straightening curves, depressed slab remains under positive pressure from the tangential force, able to adapt to a variety of sectional and ensure the quality of the slab ;

[0018] (4)可根据计算增加传动装置的数量,可根据工艺需要任意配置传动装置数量,具有足够的拉坯能力,可适应各种压下量和各种铸坯断面; [0018] (4) can be added according to the calculated number of actuators, according to process any configuration required number of gear with sufficient casting ability, can adapt to a variety of reduction and the strand section;

[0019] (5)能在一套设备上同时满足送引锭杆、拉坯矫直、动态压下及脱坯功能,不再另外设置脱坯机构,降低了成本; [0019] (5) can meet on the set of equipment send dummy rod, casting straightening, and dynamic pressure off billet function, no additional set off billet agencies, reduce the cost;

[0020] (6)每组上辊可与液压缸、液压缸支座、传动装置、滑座一起单独抽出,易于拆装,检修时间短,备件消耗量少。 [0020] (6) on each roll can be used with hydraulic cylinders, hydraulic cylinders bearing, gear, along with a separate carriage drawn, easy disassembly, repair time is short, less consumption of spare parts.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0021 ] 图1是现有整体机架的五辊渐进矫直拉矫机示意图; [0021] FIG. 1 is a conventional whole rack of five roller straightening progressive tension leveler schematic;

[0022] 图2是现有大方坯多机架多点连续渐进矫直拉矫机组示意图; [0022] FIG. 2 is a conventional multi-stand bloom continuous progressive multi-point straightening straightening unit schematic;

[0023] 图3是为本发明共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机布置方式示意图; [0023] FIG. 3 is a total column of the present invention the integration of small roll spacing reduction dynamic tension leveler schematic arrangement;

[0024] 图4是本发明共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机结构示意图; [0024] FIG. 4 of the present invention is a total integration of small roll spacing uprights pull dynamic pressure structural diagram leveler;

[0025] 图5是单组立柱左视图; [0025] FIG. 5 is a left side view of a single set of columns;

[0026] 图6是图5中Η— Η向剖视图; [0026] Figure 5. Figure 6 is a sectional view taken along Η- Η;

[0027] 图7是图4中D向视图; [0027] FIG. 7 is a view in Figure 4 D;

[0028] 图8是图7中Ε— Ε旋转剖视图; [0028] FIG. 8 is 7 Ε- Ε rotating cross-sectional view;

[0029] 图9是液压缸支座与立柱采用螺栓连接时的D向视图; [0029] FIG. 9 is a hydraulic cylinder and carriage bolt upright using the D connection to view;

[0030] 图10是图9中Β—Β剖视图; [0030] FIG. 10 is an cross sectional view of the Β-Β;

[0031] 图11是图10中C—C向视图。 [0031] FIG. 11 is the C-C 10 to view.

[0032] 图中标记:1 一滑道,2—上辊,3—下辊,4一2#立柱,5—底座,6—防护罩,7—减速器,8—电动机,9一滑座,10—3#液压缸左支座,11—3#液压缸右支座,12—短行程液压缸,13—长行程液压缸,14一位移传感器,17—回水腔,18—冷却水接口,19一供水腔;20—冷却水隔板,21—2#液压缸,22— 1#液压缸右支座,23—2#液压缸左支座,24—2#液压缸右支座,25—3#液压缸左支座,26—斜楔,27—联接螺栓,28—销子,29—3#立柱,31—连接螺检,32一防转座,33一盖板,34一六角螺钉。 [0032] FIG. Tags: a slide 1, 2 on a roll, 3 lower rollers, a 2 # 4 column, 5-stand, 6-shield, 7 reducer, 8 motor, a carriage 9 , # 10-3 hydraulic cylinders bearing left, the right holder cylinder # 11-3, 12 short-stroke cylinder, 13-long-stroke hydraulic cylinders, a displacement sensor 14, 17 backwater chamber, 18 cooling water Interface, a water chamber 19; 20- cooling water separator, hydraulic cylinder # 21-2, # 22-1 and right cylinder bearings, bearing left cylinder # 23-2, # 24-2 and right cylinder mount , # 25-3 left hydraulic cylinders bearing the 26 wedges, bolts 27-, 28- pin, 29-3 # column, 31- seized screw connection, anti-rotation 32 a seat, a cover plate 33, 34 a hexagonal screw.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0033] 下面结合附图对技术方案的实施作进一步的详细描述: [0033] the following with reference to the implementation of technical solutions described in further detail as:

[0034] 如图3所示,本发明共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机,工作中铸坯按前进方向分别经过基本弧段、矫直曲线段及水平段,基本弧半径为6〜12m,辊子对数最少为2对,最多可达10对,各辊直径可为280〜500mm,本发明实施例中,有6对上下辊,其中6个下辊是自由辊,6个上辊中,第1、第2、第4、第6 (共4个)上辊是传动辊,第3及第5个上辊为自由辊,由于采用共立柱结构,相邻辊对之间最小间距可达到550mm,这种紧凑式的在较短液相区内布置较多压下辊结构,可最大限度的满足工艺上多点压下的参数要求,大大提升铸坯内部质量及连铸生产效率。 [0034] shown in Figure 3, the present invention is a total integration of small roll spacing uprights dynamic pressure straightening machine, the work of the slab in the forward direction, respectively, after the basic arcs, straightening the curve segment and horizontal segment, the basic arc radius of 6 ~12m, roller least two pairs of numbers, up to 10 for each roll diameter can 280~500mm, embodiments of the invention, there are six pairs of upper and lower rollers, of which six are free roller lower roller, six on roll, the first, second, fourth, sixth (of 4) is on a roll drive roller, 3 and 5 on a roll to roll freely, thanks to a total of column structure, between adjacent rollers minimum spacing up to 550mm, this compact liquid region in a shorter more pressure rollers arranged structure, the maximum to meet the multi-point reduction process parameter requirements, greatly enhance the quality of blooms and continuous casting production effectiveness.

[0035] 如附图4〜8所示,本发明共立柱一体化小辊间距动态压下拉矫机由六组滑道1、六个上棍2、六个下棍3、七个立柱4、一个底座5、六组防护罩6、四套减速器7和电动机8、六个滑座9、六个左液压缸支座10、六个右液压缸支座11、四个短行程液压缸12、两个长行程液压缸13、以及内置于液压缸13上的六个位移传感器14组成。 [0035], the present invention is a total integrated column 4 to 8 small roll spacing as illustrated by the dynamic pressure straightening machine slide six groups 1, 2 six on the stick, the stick 3 at six, seven columns 4, a base 5, six sets of protective cover 6, 7, and four speed reducer motor 8, 9 slide six, six cylinder mount 10 left, six right-holder cylinder 11, four short stroke hydraulic cylinders 12 two long stroke hydraulic cylinders 13, 13 and six displacement sensors built into the hydraulic cylinder 14 components. 其中六个下辊3均为自由辊,固定在底座5带角度的安装面上,六个上辊2中,四个为传动辊(1、2、4、6辊),两个为自由辊(3、5辊)。 Wherein the lower roller 3 are six free rollers, fixed to the base of the angled mounting surface 5, six upper roller 2, the four drive rollers (1,2,4,6 roll), the two free rollers (3,5 roll). 每组左液压缸支座10与右液压缸支座11通过螺栓连接在一起,用于安装液压缸12和13,液压缸12和13的活塞杆头部的耳环与固定上辊2的滑座9铰接,每个液压缸驱动一个上辊。 Each seat left hydraulic cylinder 10 is connected to the right cylinder holder 11 together by bolts, for mounting hydraulic cylinders 12 and 13, the carriage 2 is fixed on the earrings and the piston rod 12 and 13, the head of the roll 9 hinged, each cylinder drive on a roll.

[0036] 附图5是单组龙门架状立柱示意图,图6是图5沿Η— Η剖视图,从图5、6中可看出,滑道1位于立柱上部两侧。 [0036] Figure 5 is a single set of column-shaped gantry and fig. 6 is a sectional view along 5 Η- Η, seen from Fig. 5 and 6, an upper side of the posts located on a slide. 每根立柱上还有回水腔17、冷却水接口18、供水腔19和冷却水隔板20。 On each column there is backwater chamber 17, cooling water interface 18, the water chamber 19 and the cooling water separator 20.

[0037] 如附图4所示,立柱I〜VII是整体固连在底座5上,立柱I的右侧与立柱II的左侧形成第一条滑道,1#上辊及与其相连的滑座、减速器、电动机在1#液压缸的驱动下延第一条滑道上下运动。 [0037] As shown in the drawings, the overall solid pillar I~VII 4 attached to the base 5, column I the right and left column II formed the first slide, slide # 1 and connected thereto on a roll Block, reducer, motor delay the first slide up and down movement in the # 1 cylinder driven. 1#液压缸左支座与液压缸右支座通过螺栓联接在一起,用于安装1#液压缸,1#液压缸左支座通过斜楔26固定在立柱I的顶部,1#液压油右支座通过斜楔联接螺栓26固定在立柱II的顶部。 # 1 cylinder holder with left and right hydraulic cylinders are coupled together by a bolt mount for mounting the cylinder # 1, # 1 cylinder holder fixed to the top left column I through the wedge 26, the right hydraulic oil # 1 carriage bolts through the wedge 26 fixed to the top of the column II.

[0038] 立柱II的右侧与立柱III的左侧形成第二条滑道,2#上辊及与其相连的滑座、减速器、电动机在2#液压缸的驱动下延第二条滑道上下运动。 [0038] The right side of the left post II and III of the column formed a second slide, # 2 on the roller and the carriage connected thereto, reducer, motor cylinder # 2, driven by the extension of the second slide up and down movement. 2#液压缸左支座与液压缸右支座通过螺栓联接在一起,用于安装2#液压缸,2#液压缸左支座通过斜楔26固定在立柱II的顶部,2#液压缸右支座通过斜楔26固定在立柱III的顶部。 # 2 hydraulic cylinders bearing left and the right hydraulic cylinders are coupled together by a bolt mount for mounting the # 2 cylinder, # 2 cylinder holder fixed to the top left column II through the wedge 26, the right hydraulic cylinders 2 # by bearing wedge 26 fixed to the top of the column III.

[0039] 以此类推,如附图4中所示,立柱I右侧和立柱II左侧形成第一条滑道供1#上辊上下运动,立柱II右侧和立柱III左侧形成第二条滑道供2#上辊上下运动,立柱III右侧和IV立柱左侧形成第三条滑道供3#上辊上下运动,立柱IV右侧和立柱V左侧形成第四条滑道供4#上辊上下运动,立柱V右侧和立柱VI左侧形成第五条滑道供5#上辊上下运动,立柱VI右侧和立柱VII左侧形成第六条滑道供6#上辊上下运动。 [0039] and so on, as shown in Figure 4, column I right and the left column II for the formation of the first slide # 1 on the roller up and down movement, the right of the left post II and III form a second column Article # 2 on the roller slide for movement up and down, right and left column III Article IV column formed on slide # 3 for roll up and down movement, the right of the column IV and V on the left column for forming a fourth slide # 4 on the roller moves up and down, right and V columns forming the left column VI Article slide # 5 for a roll up and down movement, the right of column VI and VII on the left column slide for Article 6 is formed on a roll # up and down movement.

[0040] 如附图4中所示,1#液压缸左支座固定在立柱I的顶部,1#液压缸右支座和2#液压缸左支座固定在立柱II的顶部,2#液压缸右支座和3#液压缸左支座固定在立柱III的顶部,3#液压缸右支座和4#液压缸左支座固定在立柱IV的顶部,4#液压缸右支座和5#液压缸左支座固定在立柱V的顶部,5#液压缸右支座和6#液压缸左支座固定在立柱VI的顶部,6#液压缸右支座固定在立柱VII的顶部。 [0040] As shown in Figure 4, # 1 cylinder holder fixed to the column I left the top of the right hydraulic cylinder # 1 and # 2 cylinders bearing holder fixed to the top of the left column II, the # 2 hydraulic Right holder cylinder and # 3 cylinder holder fixed to the top left column III of the cylinder # 3 and # 4 right-holder cylinder holder fixed to the top left column IV of the cylinder # 4 and 5 right-holder # cylinder holder fixed to the top left column V, the # 5 cylinder # 6 and the right seat left cylinder holder fixed to the top of column VI, # 6 cylinder fixed to the top of the right holder of the post VII.

[0041] 液压缸12,13均内置有位移传感器14,能精确控制上辊的压下量动态调整辊缝。 [0041] hydraulic cylinders 12 and 13 are built into the displacement sensor 14 can accurately control the amount of pressure on the rolls dynamically adjusting the roll gap. 液压缸13的行程大于液压缸12,使引锭杆能顺利通过。 Cylinder stroke hydraulic cylinder 13 is greater than 12, so that the dummy bar can be passed smoothly. 防护罩6安装于立柱4的内侧,对周边设备进行隔热防护,防护罩可采用水冷罩或保温罩。 Shield 6 attached to the inside of the column 4, the peripheral equipment insulation protection shield can be cooled or hood insulation cover.

[0042] 如附图7〜8所示,2#液压缸左支座23与2#液压缸右支座24通过联接螺栓27固定在一起,用于安装2#液压缸21,1#液压缸右支座22与2#液压缸左支座23通过斜楔26打入销子28分别固定在立柱II顶部,2#液压缸右支座24与3#液压缸左支座25也是通过斜楔26打入销子28分别固定在立柱III的顶部,以此类推至其余液压缸支座的安装方式上。 [0042] As shown in the drawings 7~8, 2 cylinder # 2 and # 23 left seat and right cylinder mount 24 secured together by bolts 27, for mounting a hydraulic cylinder 21, 1 # 2 # cylinder Right holder 22 and the cylinder # 2 left bearing 23 by the wedge 26 into the pin 28 are fixed to the top of the column II, 2 # cylinder mount 24 and right and left cylinder # 3 is also the holder 25 by wedge 26 into the pin 28 are fixed to the top of the column III, and so on to the rest of the installation cylinder bearing.

[0043] 如附图9〜11所示,是液压缸支座与立柱采用螺栓连接方式时的D向视图,以及表示连接螺栓的Β—Β向剖视图和C一C向剖视图。 [0043] As shown in the figures 9~11, the column is a hydraulic cylinder and carriage bolt connection method when the D arrow view, and showing the connection to the bolt Β-Β sectional view and a sectional view taken along C-C. 因立柱顶部安装空间很小,1#液压缸右支座22与2#液压缸左支座23只能采用凹凸形,1#液压缸右支座22中部凸起,2#液压缸左支座23中部凹下。 The top of the column due to the installation space is small, the cylinder # 1 and # 2 the right holder 22 cylinders left bearing 23 can only use the concave-convex, # 1 cylinder holder the right central projection 22, # 2 cylinder left seat 23 central depressed. 因1#液压缸右支座22和2#液压缸右支座24的连接螺栓在内侧,扳手空间不够,拆装非常困难,故在立柱顶板的下表面焊接了防转座32,立柱内侧的一组连接螺栓31从下穿入,连接螺栓31端部的外六角正好卡在防转座32的内六方内,以达到防转的目的。 Due to the right holder cylinder # 1 and # 2 cylinder 22 the right holder on the inside of the connecting bolt 24, the wrench is not enough space, disassembly is very difficult, so the lower surface of the top plate welded column anti-rotation seat 32, the inner column a connecting bolt 31 from penetrating, connecting the ends of the bolts 31 hex just stuck in a seat within the six-party anti-rotation 32, to achieve the purpose of anti-rotation. 在拆卸时,为防止连接螺栓31掉出,故在防转座32上设计了盖板33,并用内六角螺钉34固定。 When removing, in order to prevent the connecting bolts 31 to fall out, so the anti-rotation seat 32 designed to cover 33, and 34 with a hex screw fixation.

[0044] 以上仅为本发明的实施例,但并不用于限制本发明,凡在本发明精神和原则之内所做的任何修改、等同替换或改进等,均应包含在本发明的权利要求范围之内。 [0044] The above is only an embodiment of the present invention, but not intended to limit the present invention, where any modifications within the spirit and principles of the present invention made, equivalent replacements or improvements should be included in the claims of the present invention. within the scope.

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Classifications
International ClassificationB22D11/12
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