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Publication numberCN103934333 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 201410147223
Publication date16 Sep 2015
Filing date14 Apr 2014
Priority date14 Apr 2014
Also published asCN103934333A
Publication number201410147223.0, CN 103934333 B, CN 103934333B, CN 201410147223, CN-B-103934333, CN103934333 B, CN103934333B, CN201410147223, CN201410147223.0
Inventors楼碧云
Applicant楼碧云, 方小刚, 方新刚, 吴刚, 方流生, 汪贤女, 吴扬华, 舒泳军, 汪涛, 夏雨, 吴杨, 王康, 张关池, 吴美俊, 钟潘霄, 吴延飞, 张建锋, 刘芝英, 王燕红, 张延 , 张关莲, 刘美福
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
一种直线型加热炉炉管的弯曲工艺 Bending process a linear type heating furnace tube translated from Chinese
CN 103934333 B
Abstract  translated from Chinese
一种直线型加热炉管的弯曲加工工艺,其使用一种炉管弯曲设备,所述炉管弯曲设备包括左机架(13)和推压机构(10),推压机构(10)在左机架(13)右方,所述左机架(13)的右侧后部固定连接有燕尾导轨(15),燕尾导轨(15)在左右方向上水平延伸,燕尾导轨(15)的左端与所述左机架(13)固定连接,燕尾导轨(15)的右端与推压机构(10)的后部中的燕尾槽滑动连接,所述左机架(13)的前部设置有供炉管穿过的一个通孔;所述燕尾导轨(15)上在所述左机架(13)和推压机构(10)之间从左至右依次滑动设置有三个弯曲液压装置(9)。 A bending furnace tube linear process, which uses a tube bending apparatus, the tube bending apparatus includes a left frame (13) and the pushing mechanism (10), the pressing mechanism (10) on the left the rack (13) to the right, the left frame (13) fixedly connected to the right rear of the dovetail guide (15), the dovetail guide (15) extends horizontally in the lateral direction, the dovetail guide (15) and the left end the left frame (13) fixedly connected, dovetail guide (15) and the right end of the rear of the pressing mechanism (10) in the dovetail groove slidably connected, the left frame (13) is provided with a front portion of the furnace for a through hole through which the tube; the dovetail guide (15) between the left frame (13) and the pushing mechanism (10) from left to right slide is provided with three curved hydraulic device (9).
Claims(1)  translated from Chinese
1.用夹具位置传感器并进行去应力退火的直线型炉管弯曲工艺,其使用一种炉管弯曲设备,所述炉管弯曲设备包括左机架(13)和推压机构(10),推压机构(10)在左机架(13)右方,所述左机架(13)的右侧后部固定连接有燕尾导轨(15),燕尾导轨(15)在左右方向上水平延伸,燕尾导轨(15)的左端与所述左机架(13)固定连接,燕尾导轨(15)的右端与推压机构(10)的后部中的燕尾槽滑动连接,所述左机架(13)的前部设置有供炉管穿过的一个通孔;所述燕尾导轨(15)上在所述左机架(13)和推压机构(10)之间从左至右依次滑动设置有三个弯曲液压装置(9);推压机构(10)的左侧前部固定设置有第一夹具(I ),左机架(13)的右侧前部固定设置有第二夹具(4),在所述左机架(13)和推压机构(10)之间设置有前导轨,所述前导轨在第二夹具(4)和第一夹具(I)之间直线延伸,并且当推压机构(10)沿着所述燕尾导轨(15)滑动时,第一夹具(I)能够沿着前导轨朝向第二夹具(4)滑动;所述前导轨上在第二夹具(4)和第一夹具(I)之间还滑动地设置有第三夹具(3)和第四夹具(2),四个所述夹具(1、2、3、4)均包括夹具基体、后夹块(41)和前夹块(42),每个所述夹具的所述后夹块(41)和前夹块(42)均沿着在所述炉管发生平面弯曲时的弯曲平面中的前后方向而相对地设置,并在夹具基体上能够实现接触夹紧和分离松开的动作;其中,所述后夹块(41)均位于所述前导轨后方,并且为长方体形状,所述前夹块(42)均位于所述前导轨前方,且为圆柱体形状;所述长方体形状和圆柱体形状的纵向轴线均垂直于所述炉管发生平面弯曲时的弯曲平面; 其中,所述第二夹具(4)的后夹块的右侧面上设置有向右侧延伸的右延伸限位块(43),所述第一夹具(I)的后夹块的左侧面上均设置有向左侧延伸的左延伸限位块(14),第三夹具(3)和第四夹具(2)的后夹块的左、右侧面上均分别地设置有向左侧延伸的左延伸限位块和向右侧延伸的右延伸限位块; 所述三个弯曲液压装置(9)中的每个均包括驱动液压缸,所述驱动液压缸相对于燕尾导轨(15)的纵向轴线垂直设置,并且能够在燕尾导轨(15)上滑动;所述驱动液压缸的液压杆末端铰接有弯曲滚(91),并且驱动液压缸能够沿着与燕尾导轨(15)垂直的方向驱动对弯曲滚(91)施加向前的弯管推力;所述三个弯曲液压装置(9)中的每个均还包括行走驱动机构,用以分别地驱动相应的弯曲液压装置(9)沿着燕尾导轨(15)滑动到不同位置; 所述推压机构(10)的右侧设置有支撑杆伸缩机构(12),支撑杆伸缩机构(12)设置在所述燕尾导轨(15)的前方,支撑杆伸缩机构(12)具有伸缩性支撑杆(120),伸缩性支撑杆(120)从推压机构(10)的右侧穿过离开推压机构(10)的左侧并能够用于伸入到所述炉管内,从而起到支撑炉管防止炉管发生不期望弯曲的作用,并能够在支撑杆伸缩机构(12 )的驱动下在左右方向上往复移动; 所述炉管弯曲工艺包括如下步骤: A.提供直线型炉管; B.将所述直线型炉管穿入所述左机架(13)上的一个通孔并向右推进,直至所述直线型炉管要进行弯曲加工的长度部分伸出于所述左机架(13); C.所述第二夹具(4)将所述直线型炉管的左端夹紧; D.推压机构(10)运动,以使得第一夹具(I)夹紧直线型炉管的右端; E.第三夹具(3)和第四夹具(2)在第二夹具(4)和第一夹具(I)之间对直线型炉管夹紧,并使得第二夹具(4)、第三夹具(3)、第四夹具(2)和第一夹具(I)将直线型炉管的前臂分隔成长度相等的三个长度段;所述前导轨上固定设置有左夹具位置感知传感器和右夹具位置感知传感器,其中,所述前导轨的左夹具位置感知传感器当第三夹具(3)的位置与其对应时被触发从而发出信号,所述前导轨的右夹具位置感知传感器当第四夹具(2)的位置与其对应时被触发从而发出信号;前导轨上的所述夹具位置感知传感器在前导轨上定位成有助于实现将炉管的相应加工段分成所述长度相等的三个长度段,所述位置感知传感器是霍尔效应传感器、以及磁效应传感器,或者一个是霍尔效应传感器,另一个是磁效应传感器; F.所述三个弯曲液压装置(9)中的每个使其弯曲滚(91)分别接触所述三个长度段中相应的每个长度段的中点; G.推压机构(10)的支撑杆伸缩机构(12)将伸缩性支撑杆(120)伸入直线型炉管的管内,并留下所述三个长度段中的左起第一个长度段未被支撑,左起第二和第三个长度段被支撑; H.左侧的弯曲液压装置(9)的弯曲滚开始向外顶压所述第一个长度段,从而使其发生直线形弯曲,推压机构(10)随着弯曲的进行而同步地跟随推压,同时,第三夹具(3)、第四夹具(2)也同步地跟随运动;在顶压的过程中,左侧的弯曲液压装置(9)在其行走驱动机构的驱动下向左运动,从而使其弯曲滚保持对应于所述第一个长度段中点的位置;当第二夹具(4)的右延伸限位块(43)和第三夹具(3)的左延伸限位块接触时,所述左侧的弯曲液压装置(9)的弯曲滚停止顶压,并且推压机构(10)停止继续向前推压; 1.推压机构(10)的支撑杆伸缩机构(12)将伸缩性支撑杆(120)回缩,从而使得留下所述三个长度段中的左起第一个长度段和左起第二个长度段均未被支撑,左起第三个长度段被支撑; J.中间的弯曲液压装置(9)开始顶压所述左起第二个长度段,直至第三夹具(3)的右延伸限位块与第四夹具(2)的左延伸限位块接触; K.推压机构(10)使得所述支撑杆(120)完全回缩,以使三个长度段均未被支撑; L.右侧的弯曲液压装置(9)开始顶压所述左起第三个长度段,直至第四夹具(2)的右延伸限位块与第一夹具(I)的左延伸限位块接触; M.各个夹具松开,取走弯曲加工完毕的加热炉炉管; N.将弯曲加工完毕的加热炉炉管放入去应力热处理炉进行去应力退火,退火的工艺条件是:保温温度300摄氏度,保温时间3小时。 1. Use a clamp position sensor and stress relief annealing of straight tube bending process, the use of a tube bending apparatus, the tube bending apparatus includes a left frame (13) and the pushing mechanism (10), push pressure means (10) in the left frame (13) to the right, the left frame (13) fixedly connected to the right rear of the dovetail guide (15), the dovetail guide (15) extends horizontally in the lateral direction, the dovetail the left guide rail (15) with the left frame (13) fixedly connected to the rear of the dovetail guide (15) and the right end of the pressing mechanism (10) in the dovetail groove slidably connected, the left frame (13) It is provided with a through hole for the tube through the front; the dovetail guide (15) on the left between the rack (13) and the pushing mechanism (10) is slidably disposed in sequence from left to right with three Hydraulic bending means (9); the left front portion of the pressing mechanism (10) is provided with a first fixed clamp (I), the left frame (13) fixed to the right side of the front portion is provided with a second clamp (4), in Set between the left frame (13) and the pushing mechanism (10) has a front rail, the front rail straight line extending between the second clamp (4) and the first fixture (I), and when the pressing mechanism (10) slides along the dovetail guide (15), the first clamp (I) can be toward the second guide rail along the front clamp (4) slide; on the front rail in a second clamp (4) and the first between the fixture (I) is also provided with a third sliding clamp (3) and a fourth clamp (2), four of said clamp (3, 4) comprises a substrate clamp after clamp blocks (41) and the front clamp block (42), clamp blocks (41) and the front clamp block (42) along the longitudinal direction are bent in the plane of the furnace tube bending occurs in the plane and each of said clamp relative to said post to set up, and in the fixture base enables the contact and separation loosen the clamping action; wherein the rear clamp blocks (41) are located behind the front rail, and a rectangular shape, the clamp blocks (42 of the front ) are located in front of said front guide rail, and the cylindrical shape; longitudinal axis of the cylindrical shape of a rectangular parallelepiped shape and are perpendicular to the plane of the tube bending plane of the bending occurs; wherein said second clamp (4 ) on the right side surface of the rear clamp block is provided extending to the right side of the right extending stopper (43), after the left side of the first clamp (I) of the clamp blocks are provided extending to the left After left extending stopper (14) a third fixture (3) and a fourth clamp (2) of the clamp block left and right side surfaces are respectively provided with a left stopper extending leftward and extending right at the right side of the extension extending stopper; said three curved hydraulic device (9) each comprises a hydraulic drive cylinder, the drive cylinder relative to the dovetail guide (15) is disposed perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, and able to slide in the dovetail guide (15); said drive rod end of a hydraulic cylinder hinged bending roller (91), and drives the hydraulic cylinder can be driven in a direction perpendicular to the dovetail guide (15) of the bending roller (91) applying a forward thrust elbow; said three bending hydraulic device (9) in each of which further comprises a travel drive means for respectively driving the corresponding hydraulic bending means (9) (15) slides along the dovetail guide to a different location; said pressing mechanism (10) is provided with a support bar on the right side telescopic mechanism (12), the telescopic support bar means (12) disposed in front of the dovetail guide (15), the telescopic support bar means (12 ) stretchable support bars (120), the stretchable support bars (120) from the right side of the pressing mechanism (10) passes through the left side of the left pressing mechanism (10) and can be used for extending into the inner tube thus play a supporting tube to prevent undesirable effects tube bending occurs and can (12) is driven to reciprocate the support rod telescopic mechanism in the lateral direction; the tube bending process comprising the steps of: A. providing straight tube; B. the straight tube penetrates the left rack (13) on a through-hole and advance to the right, until the straight part of the length of the tube to be bent projecting in the left frame (13); C. said second clamp (4) to the left end of the straight tube clamping; D. pressing mechanism (10) movement, so that the first clamp (I) straight tube clamping right end; E. Third clamp (3) and fourth clamp (2) between the second clamp (4) and the first fixture (I) of the straight tube clamping, and so The second clamp (4), third clamp (3), fourth clamp (2) and the first fixture (I) will be straight tube lengths forearm growth of three separate equal; fixed on the front rail is provided with a left and a right clamp position sensing sensor clamp position sensing sensor, wherein the front left gripper rail position sensing sensor when the third clamp (3) the position of the corresponding signals are triggered thereby, the right of the front rail jig location-aware sensor when the fourth clamp (2) corresponding to the position of being triggered thereby signaling; the clamp on the front rail position sensing sensor positioned to help achieve the appropriate processing section furnace tube into the front rail the length of the three segments of equal length, the position sensing transducer is a Hall effect sensor, and a magnetic-effect sensors, or one is a Hall effect sensor, and the other is a magnetic-effect sensors; F. said three curved hydraulic device (9) to bend each roller (91) respectively contact the midpoint of the length of the three segments corresponding to the length of each segment; G. pressing mechanism (10) of the telescopic support bar means (12) Scalability within the strut (120) extends into the straight tube furnace tube, and leaving the three lengths in a longitudinal section from the left unsupported, left the second and third segments are supported length ; H. bending hydraulic device (9) on the left side of the bending roller outwards pressed against said first segment length, so that it occurs rectilinear bending, pressing mechanism (10) as bending progresses synchronization Follow pressed at the same time, a third clamp (3), fourth clamp (2) is also synchronized to follow the motion; top pressure in the process, the bending hydraulic unit left side (9) of the drive mechanism of its downward travel drive left movement, so that it corresponds to the position of the bending roller to maintain said first length segment midpoint; when the second clamp (4) extending right stopper (43) and a third clamp (3) extending in the left limit Bit block contact bend of the left hydraulic device (9) is stopped bending roller top pressure, and the pressing mechanism (10) to continue to push forward pressure stop; 1. The pressing mechanism (10) of the support rods telescopic mechanism (12) The stretchable support bars (120) retracted, so that left the three lengths in a longitudinal section from the left and second from left lengths were not being supported, third from left a length of the segments are supported; J. middle bend hydraulic device (9) starting from the top pressure of the second longitudinal section left until the third clamp (3) of the right to extend stopper and fourth clamp (2) left extension stopper contacts; K. pressing mechanism (10) such that said strut (120) is fully retracted, so that none of the three lengths are supported; L. bent to the right of the hydraulic device (9) Start press the top third from left lengths until the fourth clamp (2) with a right to extend stopper first jig (I) left to extend stopper contacts; M. loosen each clamp, removal of bending finished processing furnace tube; N. finished the bending furnace tube into the stress relief heat treatment furnace stress relieving, annealing conditions are: incubation temperature of 300 degrees Celsius, the holding time 3 hours.
Description  translated from Chinese
一种直线型加热炉炉管的弯曲工艺 Bending process a linear type heating furnace tube

技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本申请涉及加热炉炉管的制作,具体为一种直线型的加热炉炉管弯曲工艺。 [0001] The present application relates to a heating furnace tube production, in particular to a linear heating furnace tube bending process.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 加热炉在工业中有着广泛的应用,例如钢坯加热、工件热处理等。 [0002] The furnace has been widely used in industry, such as slab heating, the workpiece heat treatment. 为了增加加热炉的加热均匀性,加热炉炉管往往采用弯曲的形式。 In order to increase the uniformity of the heating furnace, heating furnace tube is often used in the form of bending.

[0003] 在现有技术中,为了保证对具体加热炉形状的要求以及满足对具体加热热量分别的要求,通常需要对炉管的形状进行具体形状的弯曲。 [0003] In the prior art, in order to ensure that the specific shape of the furnace as well as to meet the requirements of the specific heat of the heating requirements are usually required to be a curved shape of the tube a specific shape. 对于加热炉炉管的弯曲,在现有技术中往往采用冲压成型的方式。 For the heating furnace tube bending, often used in the prior art metal forming ways. 这种成型方式可以高效快速地实现弯曲加工,并且加工精度高,成本较低,在现有技术中具有广泛应用。 Such molding methods can be implemented quickly and efficiently bending, and high precision, low cost, widely used in the prior art. 但是,这种加热方式容易在加热炉炉管的纵向方向上产生显著大量的不均匀变形,导致加热炉炉管的横截面面积在炉管的纵向方向上具有较大变动,这使得在加热过程中加热均匀性难以控制,而且,容易在使用的过程中产生不均匀的应力集中,从而导致加热炉的使用稳定性、安全性大大降低,而且缩短了加热炉的使用寿命。 However, this heating method is easy to produce a large number of significant non-uniform deformation, resulting in cross-sectional area of the heating furnace tube has a larger change in the longitudinal direction of the tube in the longitudinal direction of the heating furnace tube, which makes the heating process the heating uniformity is difficult to control, and prone to uneven stress concentration during use, resulting in the use of the stability of the furnace, security is greatly reduced, but also shortens the life of the furnace.

[0004] 在现有技术中也具有使用弯折滚对工件进行弯折的方案。 [0004] In the prior art, also with the use of roll bend the workpiece bending program. 但是,这种方案往往对工件采用逐个弯的弯曲,由于工件的纵向尺寸较大,在工件的完整转动过程中,这种加工往往需要较大的加工空间,而且,由于加工过程为采用逐个弯的方式,加工过程较长,加工效率较低,由此导致加工成本上升,而且难以保证加工的形状精度。 However, such programs often employ individually bent workpiece is bent, since the large longitudinal dimension of the workpiece, in the course of a complete rotation of the workpiece, this process often requires a large work area, and, since the process of using the by-bend The way, the process is longer, lower processing efficiency, thereby resulting in increased processing costs, and it is difficult to ensure the shape accuracy of processing.

发明内容 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] 本发明一种加热炉炉管弯曲工艺,其旨在解决现有技术中加工变形不均匀和加工过程长、形状精度低等缺陷,并提供一种具有具体形状的加热炉炉管的弯曲工艺。 [0005] The present invention is a heating furnace tube bending process, it is intended to solve uneven deformation in the prior art process and the process long, low shape accuracy of defect and to provide a heating furnace tube having a specific shape bending process.

[0006] 本发明采用的技术方案如下: [0006] The technical solution of the present invention is used as follows:

[0007]用夹具位置传感器并进行去应力退火的直线型炉管弯曲工艺,其使用一种炉管弯曲设备,所述炉管弯曲设备包括左机架和推压机构,推压机构在左机架右方,所述左机架的右侧后部固定连接有燕尾导轨,燕尾导轨在左右方向上水平延伸,燕尾导轨的左端与所述左机架固定连接,燕尾导轨的右端与推压机构的后部中的燕尾槽滑动连接,所述左机架的前部设置有供炉管穿过的一个通孔;所述燕尾导轨上在所述左机架和推压机构之间从左至右依次滑动设置有三个弯曲液压装置;推压机构的左侧前部固定设置有第一夹具,左机架的右侧前部固定设置有第二夹具,在所述左机架和推压机构之间设置有前导轨,所述前导轨在第二夹具和第一夹具之间直线延伸,并且当推压机构沿着所述燕尾导轨滑动时,第一夹具能够沿着前导轨朝向第二夹具滑动;所述前导轨上在第二夹具和第一夹具之间还滑动地设置有第三夹具和第四夹具,四个所述夹具均包括夹具基体、后夹块和前夹块,每个所述夹具的所述后夹块和前夹块均沿着在所述炉管发生平面弯曲时的弯曲平面中的前后方向而相对地设置,并在夹具基体上能够实现接触夹紧和分离松开的动作;其中,所述后夹块均位于所述前导轨后方,并且为长方体形状,所述前夹块、均位于所述前导轨前方,且为圆柱体形状;所述长方体形状和圆柱体形状的纵向轴线均垂直于所述炉管发生平面弯曲时的弯曲平面。 [0007] The clamp position sensor and stress relief annealing of straight tube bending process, the use of a tube bending apparatus, the tube bending apparatus includes a left frame and a pressing mechanism, the pressing mechanism in the left engine frame right, rear right side of the left frame fixedly connected horizontally extending dovetail guides, dovetail guides in the lateral direction, the left end of the dovetail guide frame is fixedly connected with the left, the right end of the dovetail guide and the pressing mechanism The rear sliding dovetail groove connection, the front part of the left frame has a through hole for the tube to pass through; dovetail rail on the frame between the left and left-to-push mechanism Right turn provided with three curved sliding hydraulic means; front left side of the pressing mechanism is provided with a first clamp portion fixed to the front right side of the left frame portion is provided with a second fixed clamp, in the left frame and the pressing mechanism There is provided between the front rail, the front rail extends straight between the second fixture and the first fixture, and when pushed along the dovetail slide rail agency, the first clamp can clamp along the front rail toward the second sliding; on the front rail between the second fixture and the first fixture also slidably disposed third and fourth jig jig, the jig includes four jig base, front clip after clip blocks and blocks, each said clamp block and the front clip after clip block all along the curved plane in the tube bending occurs in the plane of the front and rear direction and disposed opposite and in the fixture base to achieve loose contact with the clamping and separation opening operation; wherein, after said clamp blocks are located in front of the rear rail, and a rectangular parallelepiped shape, said front clamping block, both located in front of said front guide rail, and the cylindrical shape; said cylindrical shape and a rectangular parallelepiped the longitudinal axis of the body shape are bent perpendicular to the tube plane plane bending occurs.

[0008] 其中,所述第二夹具的后夹块的右侧面上设置有向右侧延伸的右延伸限位块,所述第一夹具的后夹块的左侧面上均设置有向左侧延伸的左延伸限位块,第三夹具和第四夹具的后夹块的左、右侧面上均分别地设置有向左侧延伸的左延伸限位块和向右侧延伸的右延伸限位块。 [0008] wherein, after the right side surface of the second clamp block clamp is provided extending to the right side of the right extension stopper, after the left side of the first clamp block clamp are provided to After the left extension extending stopper on the left, and the third and fourth jig jig clamping block of left and right side surfaces were each provided with a left to extend stopper extending and extending to the left to the right side of the right extending stopper.

[0009] 所述三个弯曲液压装置中的每个均包括驱动液压缸,所述驱动液压缸相对于燕尾导轨的纵向轴线垂直设置,并且能够在燕尾导轨上滑动;所述驱动液压缸的液压杆末端铰接有弯曲滚,并且驱动液压缸能够沿着与燕尾导轨垂直的方向驱动对弯曲滚施加向前的弯管推力;所述三个弯曲液压装置中的每个均还包括行走驱动机构,用以分别地驱动相应的弯曲液压装置沿着燕尾导轨滑动到不同位置。 [0009] The three curved hydraulic means each comprise a drive cylinder, the drive cylinder relative to the dovetail guide rails disposed perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, and can slide on the dovetail guide; said hydraulic drive cylinder hinged lever tip bent roll and drive the hydraulic cylinder can be moved in a direction perpendicular to the dovetail guide roller drive is applied to bend the elbow thrust forward; the three curved hydraulic devices each of which also includes a travel drive mechanism, for respectively driving the corresponding hydraulic means along a curved dovetail slide rail to different locations.

[0010] 所述推压机构的右侧设置有支撑杆伸缩机构,支撑杆伸缩机构设置在所述燕尾导轨的前方,支撑杆伸缩机构具有伸缩性支撑杆,伸缩性支撑杆从推压机构的右侧穿过离开推压机构的左侧并能够用于伸入到所述炉管内,从而起到支撑炉管防止炉管发生不期望弯曲的作用,并能够在支撑杆伸缩机构的驱动下在左右方向上往复移动。 [0010] The push press mechanism disposed on the right support rod extendable and retractable mechanism, a telescopic mechanism support bar disposed in front of the dovetail guide, the telescopic mechanism has a support bar support bar stretchable, stretchable support rod from the pressing mechanism leaving the right side through the left side pressing mechanism and can be used for extending into said furnace tube, and thus play a supporting tube to prevent undesirable effects tube bending occurs, and be able to drive down support rod telescopic mechanism reciprocating the lateral direction.

[0011] 所述炉管弯曲工艺包括如下步骤: [0011] the tube bending process comprises the following steps:

[0012] A.提供直线型炉管; [0012] A. providing straight tube;

[0013] B.将所述直线型炉管穿入所述左机架上的一个通孔并向右推进,直至所述直线型炉管要进行弯曲加工的长度部分伸出于所述左机架; [0013] B. the straight tube penetrates the left one through hole on the rack and advance to the right, until the straight tube length of the portion to be bending machine extending to the left frame;

[0014] C.所述第二夹具将所述直线型炉管的左端夹紧; [0014] C. The second clamp the straight tube clamping of the left;

[0015] D.推压机构运动,以使得第一夹具夹紧直线型炉管的右端; [0015] D. pressing mechanism motion, so that the first straight tube clamping jig right end;

[0016] E.第三夹具和第四夹具在第二夹具和第一夹具之间对直线型炉管夹紧,并使得第二夹具、第三夹具、第四夹具和第一夹具将直线型炉管的前臂分隔成长度相等的三个长度段;所述前导轨上固定设置有左夹具位置感知传感器和右夹具位置感知传感器,其中,所述前导轨的左夹具位置感知传感器当第三夹具的位置与其对应时被触发从而发出信号,所述前导轨的右夹具位置感知传感器当第四夹具的位置与其对应时被触发从而发出信号;前导轨上的所述夹具位置感知传感器在前导轨上定位成有助于实现将炉管的相应加工段分成所述长度相等的三个长度段,所述位置感知传感器是霍尔效应传感器、以及磁效应传感器,或者一个是霍尔效应传感器,另一个是磁效应传感器; [0016] E. Third and fourth jig jig jig between the second and the first fixture on the straight tube clamping, and so that the second fixture, jig third, the fourth and the first jig jig straight Three separate tubes forearm growing segment of equal length; fixed on the front rail position sensing jig provided with a left and a right clamp position sensor sensing sensor, which left the front rail of the clamp position sensing sensor when the third fixture The position corresponding to the trigger in order to send a signal when it is the right of the front rail clamp position sensor sensing the position of the fourth when the corresponding fixture in order to send a signal when triggered; the position of the clamp on the front rail of the front rail of the sensor perception positioned to help achieve the appropriate processing section furnace tube into the three lengths of equal length, the location-aware sensor is a Hall effect sensor, and a magnetic-effect sensors, or a Hall effect sensor, another is the magnetic effect sensor;

[0017] F.所述三个弯曲液压装置中的每个使其弯曲滚分别接触所述三个长度段中相应的每个长度段的中点; [0017] F. The three curved hydraulic device to bend roll were exposed to each of the midpoint of the three lengths in the respective length of each segment;

[0018] G.推压机构的支撑杆伸缩机构将伸缩性支撑杆伸入直线型炉管的管内,并留下所述三个长度段中的左起第一个长度段未被支撑,左起第二和第三个长度段被支撑; [0018] G. pressing mechanism will stretch strut strut telescopic mechanism extends into the straight tube furnace tube, and leaving the three lengths in a longitudinal section from the left unsupported, left length from the second and third segments are supported;

[0019] H.左侧的弯曲液压装置的弯曲滚开始向外顶压所述第一个长度段,从而使其发生直线形弯曲,推压机构随着弯曲的进行而同步地跟随推压,同时,第三夹具、第四夹具也同步地跟随运动;在顶压的过程中,左侧的弯曲液压装置在其行走驱动机构的驱动下向左运动,从而使其弯曲滚保持对应于所述第一个长度段中点的位置;当第二夹具的右延伸限位块和第三夹具的左延伸限位块接触时,所述左侧的弯曲液压装置的弯曲滚停止顶压,并且推压机构停止继续向前推压; [0019] H. bending bending hydraulic unit on the left side of the top pressure roll outwards said first longitudinal section making it happen straight bending, pressing mechanism synchronized with the bending of conduct and follow the pressing, Meanwhile, the third fixture, jig fourth synchronization also follow sports; top pressure in the process, the bending hydraulic device driven leftward movement of the left in its travel drive mechanism, so that it corresponds to the bending roller holding The first segment length midpoint position; when the left and right extending stopper stopper extending second and third jig jig contact bending hydraulic unit of the left bending roll stop top pressure, and pushes Stop press agencies continue pushing forward;

[0020] 1.推压机构的支撑杆伸缩机构将伸缩性支撑杆回缩,从而使得留下所述三个长度段中的左起第一个长度段和左起第二个长度段均未被支撑,左起第三个长度段被支撑; [0020] 1. The pressing mechanism of the telescopic strut supporting bar retraction mechanism stretchable, so that from the left of the three lengths from the left, the first length segment and a second longitudinal section were left is supported, third from left length segments are supported;

[0021] J.中间的弯曲液压装置开始顶压所述左起第二个长度段,直至第三夹具的右延伸限位块与第四夹具的左延伸限位块接触; [0021] J. intermediate curved top pressure hydraulic device starts second from the left lengths, until the right to extend stopper third and fourth jig fixture left to extend stopper contacts;

[0022] K.推压机构使得所述支撑杆完全回缩,以使三个长度段均未被支撑; [0022] K. pressing mechanism so that the support rod fully retracted so that the three lengths were not supported;

[0023] L.右侧的弯曲液压装置开始顶压所述左起第三个长度段,直至第四夹具的右延伸限位块与第一夹具的左延伸限位块接触; [0023] L. bending hydraulic unit on the right side of the top pressure start third from left lengths, until the right to extend stopper fourth fixture of the first to extend stopper clamp left in contact;

[0024] M.各个夹具松开,取走弯曲加工完毕的加热炉炉管。 [0024] M. loosen each clamp, complete removal of bending furnace tubes.

[0025] N.将弯曲加工完毕的加热炉炉管放入去应力热处理炉进行去应力退火,退火的工艺条件是:保温温度摄氏度,保温时间小时。 [0025] N. finished the bending furnace tube into the heat treatment furnace to stress stress relief annealing, annealing conditions are: incubation temperature C, holding time hours.

[0026] 由于本发明中,在每个夹具上采用了延伸限位块,从而使得限位块接触后,能够对成型后的炉管进行一个锁定,在后续的加工作用力的作用下,不会对精确成型后的弯曲形状造成影响;而采用了一边为长方体形、一边为圆柱形的夹具,使得保证了足够的夹紧力的同时,又能够对成形的炉管形成平滑的弯曲变形;整个过程,一边在纵向方向送料,一边利用弯折滚动作进行折弯,因此,其避免了现有技术中在炉管的纵向方向上在所加工弯曲的部位产生较大纵向变形的问题,而且,在加工过程中,其采用独特的加工形式,一边送料,弯曲滚在垂直纵向方向中进行动作并且在平行纵向方向上进行移动,从而保持弯曲滚与所弯曲部位的相对位置关系,而炉管在其他夹紧装置的整体移动下被纵向送入,因此,保证了炉管整体保持纵向方向而被逐个弯进行弯折,整个弯曲过程连续,无需重复对炉管进行装夹和拆卸,使得整个加工过程加工空间小,加工过程短而且保证了加工的形状精度。 [0026] Since the present invention, each fixture uses an extension stopper so that the stopper after exposure, it is possible to carry out after forming a locking tube, in the role of a subsequent machining forces, not have a curved shape after forming precise impact; and the use of the side of a rectangular shape, while the cylindrical jig so ensure sufficient clamping force, they also can be formed on the furnace tube to form a smooth bending deformation; The whole process, while feeding in the longitudinal direction, while the use of the bending roll for bending, and therefore, which avoids the problems of the prior art in the longitudinal direction of the tube in the bending processed portions have a greater vertical deformation, and , in the process, which uses unique processing form, while feeding, bending roller in a vertical longitudinal direction is operated and moved in parallel to the longitudinal direction, thereby maintaining the bending roller relative positional relationship between the bent portion, and the tube longitudinally moving into a whole other clamping devices under, and therefore, to ensure that the overall holding furnace tube longitudinal direction is subjected to bending by-turn, the entire bending process is continuous, without repeating the furnace tube clamping and removal, making the entire small working space during processing, the process is short and to ensure the shape accuracy of processing. 而且,多个夹具能够在加工过程中滑动,保证了在加工过程中始终对炉管具有夹持定位的锁定。 Further, a plurality of fixtures can be slid in the process, to ensure that the lock is always in the process of positioning the tube with clamping.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0027] 图1是本发明的弯曲装置的俯视示意图。 [0027] FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view of the bending device of the present invention.

[0028] 图2是本发明的图1中弯曲装置在对炉管弯曲完成后的俯视示意图。 [0028] FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the bending device of FIG. 1 of the invention, after completion of the furnace tube bending.

[0029] 图3是弯曲完成后的炉管形状的俯视示意图。 [0029] FIG. 3 is a top schematic view of the tube after completion of the curved shape.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0030] 下面结合附图1-3对本发明进行详细说明。 [0030] The following 1-3 with reference to the present invention will be described in detail.

[0031]用夹具位置传感器并进行去应力退火的直线型炉管弯曲工艺,其使用一种炉管弯曲设备,所述炉管弯曲设备包括左机架13和推压机构10,推压机构10在左机架13右方,所述左机架13的右侧后部固定连接有燕尾导轨15,燕尾导轨15在左右方向上水平延伸,燕尾导轨15的左端与所述左机架13固定连接,燕尾导轨15的右端与推压机构10的后部中的燕尾槽滑动连接,所述左机架13的前部设置有供炉管穿过的一个通孔;所述燕尾导轨15上在所述左机架13和推压机构10之间从左至右依次滑动设置有三个弯曲液压装置9 ;推压机构10的左侧前部固定设置有第一夹具1,左机架13的右侧前部固定设置有第二夹具4,在所述左机架13和推压机构10之间设置有前导轨,所述前导轨在第二夹具4和第一夹具I之间直线延伸,并且当推压机构10沿着所述燕尾导轨15滑动时,第一夹具I能够沿着前导轨朝向第二夹具4滑动;所述前导轨上在第二夹具4和第一夹具I之间还滑动地设置有第三夹具3和第四夹具2,四个所述夹具1、2、3、4均包括夹具基体、后夹块41和前夹块42,每个所述夹具的所述后夹块41和前夹块42均沿着在所述炉管发生平面弯曲时的弯曲平面中的前后方向而相对地设置,并在夹具基体上能够实现接触夹紧和分离松开的动作;其中,所述后夹块41均位于所述前导轨后方,并且为长方体形状,所述前夹块42均位于所述前导轨前方,且为圆柱体形状;所述长方体形状和圆柱体形状的纵向轴线均垂直于所述炉管发生平面弯曲时的弯曲平面。 [0031] The clamp position sensor and stress relief annealing of straight tube bending process, the use of a tube bending apparatus, the tube bending apparatus includes a left frame 13 and the pushing mechanism 10, the pressing mechanism 10 In the left-right frame 13, the right side of the left rear frame 13 fixedly connected dovetail guide 15, a dovetail guide 15 extends horizontally in the lateral direction, the left end of the dovetail guide 15 with the left frame 13 is fixedly connected , connected to the rear dovetail dovetail slide rails and push the right end 10 of mechanism 15, the front portion of the left frame 13 is provided with a through hole for the tube to pass through; on the dovetail guide 15 in the said left frame 13 and the pushing mechanism 10 from left to right between the slide is provided with three curved hydraulic device 9; front left side pressing mechanism 10 is provided with the right of first fixing jig 1, the left rack 13 fixed to the front portion 4 is provided with a second clamp, disposed in the left front rail between the rack 10 and the pressing mechanism 13, a straight line extending in the front rail 4 and a second clamp between the first clamp I, and when 15 When the pressing mechanism 10 slide along the dovetail guide, the first fixture I can slide toward the second holder 4 along the front rail; on the front rail further slide in the second jig 4 and the first fixture between the I ground 3 is provided with a third and a fourth jig jig 2, 3, 4 each comprise four of said jig jig base, after the clamp block 41 and block 42 before the clip, said each of the clamp after clamp block 41 and 42 are front clamp blocks occur along a curved plane curved in the plane when the tube back and forth in the direction opposite to the setting, and in the fixture base enables the contact and separation loosen the clamping action; wherein the clamp blocks 41 to be described later are located behind the front rail, and a rectangular parallelepiped shape, said front clamping block 42 are located in front of said front guide rail, and the cylindrical shape; longitudinal axis of the cylindrical shape and a rectangular parallelepiped shape are bending plane perpendicular to the plane of bending of the tube occurs.

[0032] 其中,所述第二夹具4的后夹块的右侧面上设置有向右侧延伸的右延伸限位块43,所述第一夹具I的后夹块的左侧面上均设置有向左侧延伸的左延伸限位块14,第三夹具3和第四夹具2的后夹块的左、右侧面上均分别地设置有向左侧延伸的左延伸限位块和向右侧延伸的右延伸限位块。 [0032] wherein, on the right surface of the clamp after said second clamp block 4 is provided extending to the right side of the right stopper 43 extends, the first clamp I rear left side of the folder block are is provided with a left to the left to extend stopper 14 extending, third and fourth jig jig 3 folders left after 2 blocks, are respectively provided on the right surface extending to the left and left to extend stopper extending the right to extend stopper on the right.

[0033] 所述三个弯曲液压装置9中的每个均包括驱动液压缸,所述驱动液压缸相对于燕尾导轨15的纵向轴线垂直设置,并且能够在燕尾导轨15上滑动;所述驱动液压缸的液压杆末端铰接有弯曲滚91,并且驱动液压缸能够沿着与燕尾导轨15垂直的方向驱动对弯曲滚91施加向前的弯管推力;所述三个弯曲液压装置9中的每个均还包括行走驱动机构,用以分别地驱动相应的弯曲液压装置9沿着燕尾导轨15滑动到不同位置。 [0033] The three curved hydraulic means 9 drives each comprise a hydraulic cylinder, the hydraulic cylinder drive vertically disposed relative to the longitudinal axis of the dovetail guide 15, and can slide on the dovetail guide 15; the hydraulic drive the rod end of the hydraulic cylinder is hinged bending roller 91, and the hydraulic cylinder capable of driving along a direction perpendicular to the dovetail guide 15 drives the bending roller 91 for applying a forward thrust elbow; three curved in the hydraulic means 9 each are also include travel drive means for respectively driving the corresponding hydraulic device 9 along curved dovetail slide rails 15 to a different location.

[0034] 所述推压机构10的右侧设置有支撑杆伸缩机构12,支撑杆伸缩机构12设置在所述燕尾导轨15的前方,支撑杆伸缩机构12具有伸缩性支撑杆120,伸缩性支撑杆120从推压机构10的右侧穿过离开推压机构10的左侧并能够用于伸入到所述炉管内,从而起到支撑炉管防止炉管发生不期望弯曲的作用,并能够在支撑杆伸缩机构12的驱动下在左右方向上往复移动。 [0034] The pressing mechanism 10 are provided on the right support rods telescopic mechanism 12, the telescopic support bar mechanism 12 is provided in front of the dovetail guide 15, the support rods extending and retracting mechanism 12 stretchable support bars 120, the stretchable support From the right side of the lever 120 passes through the pressing mechanism 10 to leave the left side of the pressing mechanism 10 and can be used for extending into said furnace tube, and thus play a supporting tube to prevent undesirable effects tube bending occurs and can In the drive mechanism 12 under the telescopic strut reciprocated in the lateral direction.

[0035] 所述炉管弯曲工艺包括如下步骤: [0035] the tube bending process comprises the following steps:

[0036] A.提供直线型炉管; [0036] A. providing straight tube;

[0037] B.将所述直线型炉管穿入所述左机架13上的一个通孔并向右推进,直至所述直线型炉管要进行弯曲加工的长度部分伸出于所述左机架13 ; [0037] B. the straight tube penetrates a through hole on the left rack 13 and advance to the right, until the straight tube length of the portion to be bent projecting to the left Rack 13;

[0038] C.所述第二夹具4将所述直线型炉管的左端夹紧; [0038] C. The second jig 4 to the left end of the straight tube clamping;

[0039] D.推压机构10运动,以使得第一夹具I夹紧直线型炉管的右端; [0039] D. pressing mechanism 10 is moved, so that the first clamping jig I right end straight tube;

[0040] E.第三夹具3和第四夹具2在第二夹具4和第一夹具I之间对直线型炉管夹紧,并使得第二夹具4、第三夹具3、第四夹具2和第一夹具I将直线型炉管的前臂分隔成长度相等的三个长度段;所述前导轨上固定设置有左夹具位置感知传感器和右夹具位置感知传感器,其中,所述前导轨的左夹具位置感知传感器当第三夹具3的位置与其对应时被触发从而发出信号,所述前导轨的右夹具位置感知传感器当第四夹具2的位置与其对应时被触发从而发出信号;前导轨上的所述夹具位置感知传感器在前导轨上定位成有助于实现将炉管的相应加工段分成所述长度相等的三个长度段,所述位置感知传感器是霍尔效应传感器、以及磁效应传感器,或者一个是霍尔效应传感器,另一个是磁效应传感器; [0040] E. 3 third and fourth jig jig 2 in the second jig 4 and the first fixture between the I for straight tube clamping, and so that the second holder 4, third jig 3, fourth jig 2 and I will be the first holder of the forearm straight tube segments separated by three length equal to the degree of growth; fixed on the front rail position sensing jig provided with a left and a right clamp position sensor sensing sensor, wherein the front rail of the left Location Awareness jig jig when the third position sensor 3 and thus the corresponding signals are triggered, the right of the front rail clamp position sensing sensor when the position corresponding to the fourth jig 2 is triggered thereby signaling; on the front rail The clamp position sensing sensor positioned to help achieve the appropriate processing section furnace tube into equal the length of three lengths, the position sensing sensor is a Hall effect sensor, and a magnetic-effect sensors in the front rail, or a Hall-effect sensor is, the other is the magnetic effect sensor;

[0041] F.所述三个弯曲液压装置9中的每个使其弯曲滚91分别接触所述三个长度段中相应的每个长度段的中点; [0041] F. The three curved hydraulic device to bend 9 each roller 91 respectively contact the midpoint of the three lengths in the respective length of each segment;

[0042] G.推压机构10的支撑杆伸缩机构12将伸缩性支撑杆120伸入直线型炉管的管内,并留下所述三个长度段中的左起第一个长度段未被支撑,左起第二和第三个长度段被支撑; [0042] G. pressing mechanism support bar 12 of the telescopic mechanism 10 stretchable support bars 120 extending into the inner tube straight tube, and leaving said three lengths in a longitudinal section from the left is not support, left the second and third the length of the segments are supported;

[0043] H.左侧的弯曲液压装置9的弯曲滚开始向外顶压所述第一个长度段,从而使其发生直线形弯曲,推压机构10随着弯曲的进行而同步地跟随推压,同时,第三夹具3、第四夹具2也同步地跟随运动;在顶压的过程中,左侧的弯曲液压装置9在其行走驱动机构的驱动下向左运动,从而使其弯曲滚保持对应于所述第一个长度段中点的位置;当第二夹具4的右延伸限位块43和第三夹具3的左延伸限位块接触时,所述左侧的弯曲液压装置9的弯曲滚停止顶压,并且推压机构10停止继续向前推压; [0043] H. bending hydraulic unit on the left side of the bending roller 9 outwards pressed against the length of the first segment, making it happen straight bending, pressing mechanism 10 will be synchronized with the bending follow push pressure, while the third jig 3, fourth jig 2 also follows the motion synchronized; top pressure in the process, the 9 driven by the leftward movement of the left bend hydraulic device in its travel drive mechanism, making it bend roll holding a first length corresponding to the segment midpoint position; when the right extension stopper 43 of the second holder 4 and the third extended left clamp 3 contacting the stopper, the left side of the bending hydraulic means 9 bending roll stop top pressure, and the pressing mechanism 10 stops continue pushing forward;

[0044] 1.推压机构10的支撑杆伸缩机构12将伸缩性支撑杆120回缩,从而使得留下所述三个长度段中的左起第一个长度段和左起第二个长度段均未被支撑,左起第三个长度段被支撑; [0044] 1. The pressing mechanism support bar 12 of the telescopic mechanism 10 stretchable support bar 120 is retracted so that the three lengths from the left in the left section of the first length and the second length of the left No segment is supported, third from left length segments are supported;

[0045] J.中间的弯曲液压装置9开始顶压所述左起第二个长度段,直至第三夹具3的右延伸限位块与第四夹具2的左延伸限位块接触; [0045] J. middle bend hydraulic device 9 starts pressed against the length of the second segment from the left, the right to extend the limit until the third clamp block 3 and the fourth jig left 2 extends the contact stopper;

[0046] K.推压机构10使得所述支撑杆120完全回缩,以使三个长度段均未被支撑; [0046] K. pressing mechanism 10 so that the support bar 120 is fully retracted, so that none is supported by three lengths;

[0047] L.右侧的弯曲液压装置9开始顶压所述左起第三个长度段,直至第四夹具2的右延伸限位块与第一夹具I的左延伸限位块接触; [0047] L. bending to the right of the hydraulic unit 9 starts pressing the top third from left lengths, until the right to extend stopper fourth jig 2 and the first jig I left to extend stopper contacts;

[0048] M.各个夹具松开,取走弯曲加工完毕的加热炉炉管。 [0048] M. loosen each clamp, complete removal of bending furnace tubes.

[0049] N.将弯曲加工完毕的加热炉炉管放入去应力热处理炉进行去应力退火,退火的工艺条件是:保温温度300摄氏度,保温时间3小时。 [0049] N. finished the bending furnace tube into the heat treatment furnace to stress stress relief annealing, annealing conditions are: incubation temperature of 300 degrees Celsius, the holding time 3 hours.

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Classifications
International ClassificationB21D11/07
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