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Publication numberCN103930221 A
Publication typeApplication
Application numberCN 201280055353
PCT numberPCT/EP2012/067633
Publication date16 Jul 2014
Filing date10 Sep 2012
Priority date13 Sep 2011
Also published asCN103930221B, EP2755782A1, EP2755782B1, WO2013037725A1
Publication number201280055353.0, CN 103930221 A, CN 103930221A, CN 201280055353, CN-A-103930221, CN103930221 A, CN103930221A, CN201280055353, CN201280055353.0, PCT/2012/67633, PCT/EP/12/067633, PCT/EP/12/67633, PCT/EP/2012/067633, PCT/EP/2012/67633, PCT/EP12/067633, PCT/EP12/67633, PCT/EP12067633, PCT/EP1267633, PCT/EP2012/067633, PCT/EP2012/67633, PCT/EP2012067633, PCT/EP201267633
InventorsG德尔法布罗
ApplicantMep意大利美普机械制造有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Device for correcting shape of bent metal bar and corresponding method
CN 103930221 A
Abstract
Device to correct the shape of a bent metal bar (B) which is provided with at least a substantially rectilinear first segment (16), a substantially straight second segment (17) which is opposite the first segment (16), separated from it by a curved segment (18). The first segment (16) is diverted with respect to the plane on which the second segment (17) and at least one portion of the curved segment (18) lie. The device comprises a first abutment element (25), suitable to selectively hold the curved segment (18) and is provided with an abutment surface (35) on which, in use, at least one portion of the second segment (17) and of the curved segment (18) is housed, and a second abutment element (26) provided with a pressure element (41) which, during use, is disposed above the first segment (16). Translation means (39, 42) are associated at least to one of either the first abutment element (25) or the second abutment element (26) in order to translate at least one of these against the other, so that the pressure element (41) and the abutment surface (35) deform the curved segment (18).
Claims(12)  translated from Chinese
1.用来校正弯曲的金属杆(B)的形状的装置,所述金属杆(B)设置有:至少基本上呈直线的第一段(16);基本上直的第二段(17),所述第二段(17)与所述第一段(16)相对,通过弯曲段(18)与所述第一段(16)分隔开;所述第一段(16)相对于所述第二段(17)和所述弯曲段(18)的至少一部分所在的平面而转向,其特征在于,所述装置包括:第一邻接元件(25),所述第一邻接元件(25)适合于选择性地保持所述弯曲段(18)并且设置有邻接表面(35),在使用中,在该邻接表面上容纳所述第二段(17)的至少一部分和所述弯曲段(18)的至少一部分;和第二邻接元件(26),所述第二邻接元件(26)相对于所述第一邻接元件(25)偏移并且设置有压力元件(41),所述压力元件(41)在使用期间被布置在所述第一段(16)上方;平移机构(39,42)至少连接到所述第一邻接元件(25)或所述第二邻接元件(26)的一者,以至少使所述第一邻接元件(25)和所述第二邻接元件(26)的一者相对于另一者平移,使得所述压力元件(41)和所述邻接表面(35)能够将所述弯曲段(18)变形。 1. for correcting a curved metal rod (B), the shape of the apparatus, the metal rod (B) provided with: at least a substantially straight first section (16); a substantially straight second section (17) , the second section (17) and said first section (16) opposed by the curved section (18) and said first section (16) spaced apart; said first section (16) with respect to said second section (17) and at least a portion of the plane where the curved section (18) while turning, characterized in that said apparatus comprises: a first abutment member (25), said first abutment element (25) adapted to selectively retain said curved section (18) and is provided with an abutment surface (35), in use, on the abutment surface of the second section receiving (17) and at least a portion of said curved section (18 ) at least a portion; and a second abutment element (26), said second abutment element (26) with respect to said first abutment member (25) is provided with a pressure element and offset (41), said pressure element ( 41) is disposed during use in (16) above said first segment; translation mechanism (39, 42) connected to said at least a first abutment element (25) or the second abutment element (26) is one of , at least said first abutment member (25) and said second abutment member (26) relative to the other one of translation, such that the pressure element (41) and said abutment surface (35) capable of the curved section (18) deformation.
2.根据权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,所述第一邻接元件(25)包括外壳元件(36),所述外壳兀件(36)适合于限定外壳支座(37),所述外壳支座(37)适合于保持所述弯曲段(18)的至少一部分。 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that said first abutment member (25) includes a housing member (36), Wu said housing member (36) is adapted to define the housing seat (37), the said bearing housing (37) for holding at least a portion of said curved section (18).
3.根据权利要求2所述的装置,其特征在于,所述第一邻接元件(25)包括第一部分(32)和布置成基本上相对于所述第一部分(32)垂直的第二部分(33),所述第一部分(32)和所述第二部分(33)限定所述邻接表面(35)。 3. The apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that said first abutment member (25) comprises a first portion (32) and arranged substantially with respect to the first portion (32) perpendicular to the second portion ( 33), said first portion (32) and said second portion (33) defining said abutment surface (35).
4.根据权利要求3所述的装置,其特征在于,所述压力元件(41)布置成对应于凹入区域,该凹入区域限定为位于所述第一邻接元件(25)的所述第一部分(32)和所述第二部分(33)之间。 4. The apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that the pressure element (41) is arranged to correspond to the recessed area, the recessed area defining said first abutment member is located between said first (25) (33) between a portion (32) and said second portion.
5.根据前述任何一项权利要求所述的装置,其特征在于,支撑销(27)连接至所述第一邻接元件(25),并且通常布置成相对于所述邻接表面(35)突出,并且所述杆(B)布置在所述支撑销(27)和所述第二邻接元件(26)之间。 5. The apparatus of any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the support pin (27) connected to the first abutment element (25), and is generally arranged relative to the abutment surface (35) projecting, and the lever (B) is arranged between the support pin (27) and said second abutment element (26).
6.根据权利要求3和5所述的装置,其特征在于,所述支撑销(27)布置成穿过所述第一邻接元件(25)的所述第一部分(32)。 3 and 6. The device according to claim 5, characterized in that said support pin (27) disposed adjacent to said first through said element (25) a first portion (32).
7.根据前述任何一项权利要求所述的装置,其特征在于,第一平移机构(39)和第二平移机构(42)分别与所述第一邻接元件(25)和所述第二邻接元件(26)连接,以使所述第一邻接元件(25)和所述第二邻接元件(26)以彼此独立的方式平移。 7. A device according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the first translation mechanism (39) and a second translation mechanism (42), respectively, and said first abutment member (25) and said second abutment element (26) connected to said first abutment member (25) and said second abutment element (26) in translation independently of each other.
8.用来校正金属杆(B)的形状的方法,所述方法至少包括弯曲步骤,在所述弯曲步骤中弯曲所述金属杆(B)以至少限定基本上呈直线的第一段(16)和基本上直的第二段(17),所述第二段(17)与所述第一段(16)相对并且通过弯曲段(18)与所述第一段(16)分隔开,所述第一段(16)相对于所述第二段(17)和所述弯曲段(18)的至少一部分所在的平面而转向,其特征在于,所述方法至少包括通过校正装置(10)来校正所述第一段(16)、所述第二段(17)和所述弯曲段(18)之间的形状的后续步骤,所述校正步骤至少提供以下子步骤:通过第一邻接元件(25)保持所述弯曲段(18)的至少一部分的子步骤,所述第一邻接元件(25)设置有邻接表面(35),所述第二段(17)的至少一部分布置在所述邻接表面(35)上;在所述第一段(16)上方布置压力元件(41)、第二邻接元件(25)的子步骤,所述第二邻接元件(26)布置成相对于所述第一邻接元件(25)偏移;以及另一子步骤,在该子步骤期间,所述第一邻接元件(25)或所述第二邻接元件(26)的至少一者相对于另一者平移,以使得作用在所述第一段(16)上的所述压力元件(41)能够将所述弯曲段(18)变形。 8. The metal rod used to correct (B) shape, said method comprising at least bending step, bending the metallic rod (B) in said bending step to define at least a substantially rectilinear first section (16 ) and a substantially straight second section (17), said second section (17) and said first section (16) and by opposite curved sections (18) and said first section (16) spaced , the first segment (16) with respect to said second section (17) and at least a portion of the plane where the curved section (18) while turning, characterized in that the method comprises at least through the correction means (10 ) correcting the first section (16), said second section (17) of the subsequent steps shape curved section (18) and between said correcting step providing at least the following sub-steps of: a first abutment element (25) holding the curved section (18) at least a portion of the sub-step, said first abutment element (25) is provided with an abutment surface (35), at least a portion of said second section (17) is arranged in the said abutment surface (35); above the first section (16) is arranged a pressure element (41), a second abutment member (25) sub-step, said second abutment element (26) is arranged with respect to said first abutment member (25) offset; and another sub-step during the sub-step, said first abutment element (25) or the second abutment element (26) at least one relative to the other by translation, so that the action of said pressure element (41) in the first section (16) can be on the curved portion (18) deformed.
9.根据权利要求8所述的方法,其特征在于,所述形状的校正步骤至少提供:第一子步骤,在所述第一子步骤期间,所述金属杆(B)沿输送平面(15)被输送到所述校正装置(10),所述第一邻接元件(25)的所述邻接表面(35)布置成基本上平行于所述输送平面(15);和第二子步骤,在所述第二子步骤中,所述校正装置(10)竖直平移使得所述校正装置(10)从所述输送平面(15)突出。 9. The method according to claim 8, wherein said correcting step shape provides at least: a first sub-step, during the first sub-step, the metal bars (B) along a transport plane (15 ) is fed to the correction device (10), said first abutment element (25) of said abutment surface (35) is arranged substantially parallel to said conveying plane (15); and a second sub-step, in The second sub-step, said correcting means (10) such that the vertical translation correction means (10) from said conveying plane (15) projecting.
10.根据权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,在所述第二子步骤之后,所述第一邻接元件(25)朝向所述压力元件(41)平移,使得所述压力元件(41)在所述第一段(16)上施加压力。 10. The method according to claim 9, characterized in that, after the second sub-step, said first abutment member (25) toward said pressure member (41) translation, so that the pressure element (41 ) applying pressure on said first section (16).
11.用来弯曲至少金属杆(B)的设备,所述设备至少包括用来向弯曲装置(14)输送所述金属杆(B)的机构(12)和用来按尺寸剪切所述金属杆(B)的剪切装置(13),设置所述弯曲装置(14)以便弯曲所述金属杆(B)并且至少限定第一段(16)、邻近所述第一段(16)的第二段(17)和弯曲段(18),所述弯曲段(18)介于所述第一段(16)和所述第二段(17)之间,所述第一段(16)相对于所述第二段(17)和所述弯曲段(18)的至少一部分所在的平面而转向,其特征在于,所述设备还包括如权利要求1-7中的任何一项所述的用来校正所述金属杆(B)的形状的装置。 11. The metal rod to bend at least (B) of the apparatus, the apparatus comprising at least means for bending (14) to feed said metal bars (B) means (12) and means for cutting to size the metal rod (B) of the cutting device (13), provided the bending means (14) for bending said metal bars (B) and defining at least a first segment (16), said first section (16) adjacent the first Sec between (17) and a curved section (18), said curved section (18) between the first section (16) and said second section (17), said first section (16) relative to (17) and at least a portion of the plane where the curved section (18) while turning in the second section, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises a 1-7 with according to any one of claims means for correcting the shape of the metal rod (B) a.
12.根据权利要求11所述的设备,其特征在于,所述校正装置(10)布置在所述弯曲装置(14)下游,并且所述移动机构适合于从所述校正装置(10)移动所述杆(B)和朝向所述校正装置(10)移动所述杆(B)。 12. The apparatus according to claim 11, characterized in that said correction means (10) is arranged downstream of said bending means (14), and said moving mechanism is adapted to (10) is moved from said correction means said lever (B) and towards said correcting means (10) to move the rod (B).
Description  translated from Chinese

用来校正弯曲的金属杆的形状的装置和对应的方法 For correcting the shape of a curved metal rod apparatus and corresponding method

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001 ] 本发明涉及一种用来校正先前已经被弯曲的金属杆的形状的装置,例如在该杆的主段上具有以U形弯曲的至少一个段。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method of correcting previously been bent metal rod-shaped device used, for example, at least one section having a U-shaped bend in the main section of the rod.

[0002] 特别地,根据本发明的装置允许在相同的平面上对齐已经相对彼此弯曲的杆的两侦牝以及被包括在该两侧之间的弯曲段。 [0002] In particular, the device according to the invention allows the alignment of the two female investigation has been relatively flexible rods each other on the same plane and are included in the curved section between the two sides.

背景技术 Background

[0003] 弯曲机器已知用于弯曲金属杆,例如但不排他地,以便制造加强箍筋或杆,该加强箍筋或杆合适地相对自身弯曲以限定有时称为专用轮廓的成形轮廓并且用于建筑领域中的特别功能。 [0003] The bending machine for bending metal rods known, for example, but not exclusively, in order to create or strengthen stirrup bars, stirrups or the reinforcing rod relative to its own suitably curved contoured to define sometimes called a dedicated profile and use in the construction sector in the special features.

[0004] 特别地,基本上U形的杆是已知的,即,杆具有相对于彼此平行或以锐角成角度的第一段和第二段,并且连接它们的弯曲段介于该第一段和第二段之间。 [0004] In particular, a substantially U-shaped bar is known, i.e., parallel to each other with respect to the rod at an acute angled or first and second segments, and they are connected between the first curved section section and a second section between.

[0005] 为了制造这些成形轮廓,使用弯曲设备,该弯曲设备设置有例如具有对比销或锄头形销的类型的弯曲装置。 [0005] In order to manufacture these contoured using the bending device, the bending device is provided with a contrasting example, a pin or a hoe-shaped pin type of bending apparatus. 特别地,使要被弯曲的杆向着弯曲装置向前移动,使得其第一段的一个突出希望的长度,该希望的长度等于要获得的第一弯曲段的长度。 In particular, so that the rod to be bent toward the bending device moves forward, so that the desired length of a projection of its first section, which is desired to obtain a length equal to the length of the first curved section. 随后,通过绕对比销或锄头形销弯曲该杆,该杆被弯曲。 Subsequently, by contrast around bent pins or hoe-shaped pin of the rod, the rod is bent. 为了考虑金属杆的弹性返回,有必要控制该弯曲装置使得它使第一段弯曲一角度,该角度大于第一段和第二段之间的实际上要被获得的角度。 In order to consider the return of the elastic metal rod, it is necessary to control the bending means makes it so that the first stage bending angle, the angle is greater than the angle actually have to be obtained between the first and second sections.

[0006] 这导致第一段必须重叠第二段,特别地在相当多的U形杆的情况中。 [0006] This results in the second paragraph of the first section must overlap, particularly in the case of a considerable number of the U-shaped bar. 为了避免两侧之间的干涉,弯曲装置布置在其上的弯曲工作台通常设置有倾斜的平面,在弯曲操作期间,该倾斜的平面用于竖直地转向第一段使得它重叠第二段。 In order to avoid interference between the two sides, are usually provided with a bending means disposed in an inclined plane on which the bending bench, during a bending operation, the inclined plane for vertically turning the first segment such that it overlaps the second segment .

[0007] 对第一段重叠第二段的这个需要导致不平坦的杆的产生,S卩,第一段,第二段和连接它们的弯曲段不在单个平面上彼此对齐。 [0007] The first paragraph of the second paragraph of this overlapping needs resulting in uneven bars, S Jie, the first paragraph, the second paragraph is not in a single plane and curved sections connecting them aligned with each other. 这至少在弯曲的两侧之间需要共面性条件的特别的应用中是不利的。 This is at least between the two sides need to bend coplanarity particular application conditions are unfavorable.

[0008] 在其它应用中,也可能需要第一和第二段相对彼此相互倾斜限定的希望角度,该希望角度不同于在弯曲操作之后以其布置该两个段的角度。 [0008] In other applications, it may be necessary first and second sections relative to each other defines the desired angle of inclination which is different from the desired angle after the bending angle of the operation is disposed with its two segments.

[0009] 本发明的一个目的是制造一种装置,该装置用来校正先前已经被弯曲的金属杆的形状以便获得最终成形轮廓,该最终成形轮廓具有弯曲的侧,该弯曲的侧基本上彼此共面,或者相对彼此倾斜希望的角度。 [0009] It is an object of the present invention is to produce a device that has been previously used to correct the shape of the metal rod bent in order to obtain a final shaped contour, the final shaping contour has a curved side, each side of the substantially curved coplanar, or inclined at a desired angle relative to each other.

[0010] 本发明的另一目的是制造一种用来校正金属杆的形状的装置,该装置是制造起来简单的且经济的,并且不需要复杂的操作来实现组成该杆的段之间的共面性条件,或希望的角度。 [0010] Another object of the present invention is to create a means for correcting the shape of the metal rod used, the device is simple and economical to manufacture, and does not require complex operations to achieve segments between the rod coplanarity condition, or desired angle.

[0011] 本发明的另一目的是制造一种用来校正杆的形状的装置,该装置可以简单且快速地直接集成在用来弯曲杆的机器上,不管这些机器是新的还是已经存在的,不需要侵入干预该机器,不会大大增加体积且不引起工作循环的重要修改。 [0011] It is another object of the present invention is to produce a rod-shaped device for the correction, the apparatus can be simply and rapidly integrated directly on the machine used to bend the rod, whether these machines are new or existing It does not require invasive intervention of the machine, without significantly increasing the volume of the working cycle without causing significant changes.

[0012] 本发明的另一目的是完善一种用来校正金属杆的形状的方法,该方法是简单的,快速的且不需要复杂的操作。 [0012] Another object of the present invention is to perfect a method for correcting the shape of the metal rod, the method is simple, fast and does not require complex operations. [0013] 本发明的另一目的是完善一种用来校正金属杆的形状的方法,该方法可以直接在弯曲机器上被执行,并且正好在杆的弯曲之后。 [0013] Another object of the present invention is to perfect a method for correcting the shape of the metal rod, which can be executed directly on the bending machine, and just after the bend in the rod.

[0014] 本申请人已经设计,测试且实施本发明以克服现有技术的缺点并且获得这些和其它目的和优点。 [0014] The present applicants have designed, tested and embodiments of the present invention to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art and to obtain these and other purposes and advantages.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0015] 本发明在独立权利要求中被阐述和表征,而从属权利要求描述本发明的其它特性或主发明思想的变体。 [0015] The present invention is set forth and characterized in the independent claims, or other characteristics described in the main variant of the present inventors thought of the dependent claims.

[0016] 根据上述目的,根据本发明的用来校正弯曲的金属杆的形状的装置用于校正介于第一段和第二段之间的相对于弯曲段的第一段和第二段之间的相互角度。 [0016] According to the above objects, the present invention is used to correct a curved metal rod-shaped device according to the correction between the phase between the first and second stages of the first section and a second section of the curved section the angle between each other.

[0017] 特别地,该装置所操作的弯曲的杆设置有至少基本上直的第一段,与第一段相对并且通过弯曲段与第一段分隔开的第二段。 [0017] In particular, the curved rod operated by the device provided with at least a substantially straight first section, with the first segment relative to the first segment and by curved sections spaced apart from the second paragraph. 因为第一段已经经受的弯曲加工,第一段相对于第二段和弯曲段的至少一部分所在的平面而转向。 Since the first paragraph has been subjected to bending, the first segment relative to the plane where the second and at least a portion of the curved section and turn.

[0018] 根据本发明的一个特征,该装置包括第一邻接元件和布置成相对于第一邻接元件偏移的第二邻接元件。 [0018] In accordance with one feature of the invention, the apparatus comprises a first abutment member and arranged offset relative to the first abutment element a second abutment member.

[0019] 第一邻接元件适合于相互作用并且保持弯曲段的至少一个部分,并且第一邻接元件设置有邻接表面,第二段的至少一部分和弯曲段的至少一部分布置在该邻接表面上。 [0019] The first abutment member and adapted to hold at least one part of the interaction of the curved section, and the first abutment element provided with abutment surface, at least a portion of at least a portion of the second section and the curved section is disposed on the abutment surface.

[0020] 第二邻接元件设置有压力元件,在使用期间,该压力元件布置在第一段上方。 [0020] The second abutment member is provided with a pressure element, during use, the pressure element is arranged in the first paragraph above.

[0021] 平移机构与第一邻接元件或第二邻接元件的至少一者连接,以至少使第一邻接元件和第二邻接元件的一者相对于另一者平移。 [0021] The translation mechanism of the first or the second abutment member at least one abutment element is connected to at least the first abutment element and the second abutting element relative to the other by a translation. 这样,压力元件和邻接表面使弯曲段变形以便使第一段和第二段基本上相对彼此共面,或者根据应用要求相对于弯曲段倾斜限定的角度。 Thus, the pressure element and the adjacent surface of the curved section so that the first and second segments deform substantially coplanar relative to each other, or according to the application requirements with respect to the tilt angle defined by the curved section.

[0022] 特别地,通过保持弯曲段的至少一部分被约束,并且通过将第二段布置成接触邻接表面,由于压力元件对第一段的作用,弯曲段永久地变形。 [0022] In particular, by maintaining at least a portion of the curved segment is constrained, and the second section by abutment surface arranged to contact, due to the pressure element on the first stage, permanently deformed curved section.

[0023] 根据有利形式的实施形式,第一邻接元件包括外壳元件,该外壳元件适合于限定外壳支座,弯曲段的至少一个部分插在该外壳支座内。 [0023] According to advantageous form of embodiment, the first abutment member includes a housing member, the housing member is adapted to define the housing seat, at least one part of the curved section is inserted in the housing seat.

[0024] 这样,在用来校正杆的形状的步骤期间,上述外壳元件充当保持元件。 [0024] Thus, during the step for correcting the shape of the rod, said housing member acts as a holding member.

[0025] 在另一形式的实施形式中,第一邻接元件包括第一部分和布置成基本上相对于第一部分垂直的第二部分。 [0025] In another form of embodiment, the first abutment element comprises a first portion and arranged substantially perpendicular to the first portion of the second portion. 第一部分和第二部分限定邻接表面。 The first portion and the second portion defines an abutment surface. 更具体地,第一邻接元件的第一部分充当用于杆的第二段的支撑件,而第二部分支撑弯曲段的至少一个部分。 More specifically, a first portion of the first abutment element acts as a support for the second segment of the rod member and at least one curved portion of the second portion of the support section.

[0026] 有利的是,外壳元件与第二部分固定地连接或制成单体,并且邻接表面至少部分地属于外壳支座。 [0026] Advantageously, the housing member and the second part is fixedly connected or made of monomers, and the abutment surface of the housing at least partially below the holder.

[0027] 在另外形式的实施形式中,压力元件布置成对应于凹入区域,该凹入区域限定为位于第一邻接元件的第一部分和第二部分之间,使得第二邻接元件的运动可以沿这两个部分的厚度的方向发生。 [0027] In another form of embodiment, the pressure element is arranged to correspond to the recessed area, the recessed area is defined between the first abutment element a first portion and a second portion, such that movement of the second abutment element can in the thickness direction of the two portions of the occurrence.

[0028] 根据更进一步的特性,校正装置包括支撑销,该支撑销连接至第一邻接元件,并且通常布置成相对于邻接表面突出。 [0028] According to a further characteristic, the correction means includes a support pin, the support pin is connected to the first abutment member, and is generally arranged with respect to the projecting abutment surface. 所述杆布置在支撑销和第二邻接元件之间,以这种方式迫使它在弯曲步骤期间维持在适当位置。 Said rod is disposed between the support pin and a second abutment element, in such a way to force it to maintain in position during the bending step.

[0029] 根据一种形式的实施形式,支撑销布置成穿过第一邻接元件的第一部分。 [0029] According to one form of embodiment, the supporting pin disposed through the first portion of the first abutment member. [0030] 在另外形式的实施形式中,第一平移机构和第二平移机构分别与第一邻接元件和第二邻接元件连接,以使第一邻接元件和第二邻接元件彼此独立地平移。 [0030] In another form of embodiment, the first and second translation means translating means respectively connected to the first member and the second abutment member adjacent to the first element and the second abutting member abutting translate independently from each other.

[0031] 本发明也涉及用来校正通过如上所述的装置制造的金属杆的形状的相关方法。 [0031] The present invention also relates to a method for correcting the relevant shape as described above by means of fabricated metal rod.

[0032] 根据本发明的用来校正金属杆的形状的装置也可以应用于弯曲机器,该弯曲机器包括用来向着弯曲装置供给金属杆的装置和剪切按尺寸剪切该杆的装置。 [0032] The present invention is used to correct the shape of the metal rod may also be applied to an apparatus according to the bending machine, the bending machine comprises means for feeding metal rod bent toward the cutting means and the shearing device according to the size of the rod.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0033] 根据参考附图作为非限制性例子给出的优选形式的实施方式的以下描述,本发明的这些和其它特性将变得显然,其中: [0033] from the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings given by way of non-limiting examples of preferred forms of embodiment These and other features of the present invention will become apparent, wherein:

[0034] 图1是应用于弯曲机器的根据本发明的用来校正金属杆的形状的校正装置的透视图; [0034] FIG. 1 is applied to the bending machine perspective view of the invention used to correct the shape of the metal rod of correction device is based;

[0035] 图2是根据本发明的校正装置的透视图; [0035] FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the correction device according to the invention;

[0036] 图3是图2校正装置在第一操作构造中的侧视图; [0036] FIG. 3 is a side view of FIG. 2 in a first correcting means in the operating configuration;

[0037] 图4是图2校正装置在第二操作构造中的侧视图; [0037] Figure 4 is a side view of the second correction means in the second operating configuration;

[0038] 图5是图2校正装置在第三操作构造中的侧视图; [0038] FIG. 5 is a side view of the apparatus of Figure 2 the correction in the third operating configuration;

[0039] 图6是图2校正装置在第四操作构造中的侧视图; [0039] FIG. 6 is a side view in FIG. 2 correction device of the fourth operating configuration;

[0040] 图7-11是通过根据本发明的校正方法被弯曲和制造的杆的透视图; [0040] FIG. 7-11 is manufactured by being bent and a perspective view of the rod of correction method according to the present invention;

[0041] 图12是图2的变体的透视图。 [0041] FIG. 12 is a perspective view of a variant of FIG.

[0042] 为了促进理解,在可能的情况下,相同的附图标记已经用于标识图中的相同的共同要素。 [0042] To facilitate understanding, where possible, the same reference numerals have been used to identify the same figure common elements.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0043] 参考图1,用来校正金属杆B的形状的校正装置作为整体由附图标记10指示,并且与实际上已知类型的弯曲机器11直接关联。 [0043] Referring to Figure 1, correction means for correcting the shape of the metallic rod B as a whole by the reference numeral 10 indicates, and in fact, directly associated with the bending machine 11 of known type.

[0044] 特别地,弯曲机器11包括供给机构12,弯曲工作台15,用来按尺寸切割的剪切装置13,和用来弯曲杆B的弯曲装置14。 [0044] In particular, the bending machine 11 includes a supply mechanism 12, the bending table 15 for shearing device cut to size 13, and 14 for bending the bending of the rod B.

[0045] 供给机构12用于向着弯曲装置14供给杆B,而该弯曲装置14适合于以已知方式使得杆B弯曲。 [0045] supply means 12 for supplying the rod toward the bending device 14 B, and the bending means 14 adapted to bend in a known manner such that the rod B.

[0046] 杆B被弯曲以便限定至少第一直线段16,邻近第一段16的第二直线段17,和弯曲段18,该弯曲段18介于第一段16和第二段17之间。 Between the first section 16 and second 17 [0046] B is bent rod so as to define at least a first straight line segment 16, adjacent to the first segment 17, and a curved section 16 of the second straight section 18, the curved portion 18 between . 杆B的弯曲段18可以呈现如图7_11中所示的不同的构造,例如U形的(图8和10),形如部分封闭的圆弧(图7和11),或者具有成形为横穿杆B的主延伸方向的部分(图9)。 Curved section B of the rod 18 may present a different configuration as shown in FIG 7_11, e.g., U-shaped (FIGS. 8 and 10), shaped like a circular arc partially closed (FIGS. 7 and 11), or shaped to have crossing part of the main direction of extension of the lever B (Fig. 9).

[0047] 剪切装置13设置有向着它们的中心部分倾斜的平面22使得当第一段16被弯曲时,它重叠第二段17,防止与后者干涉的问题。 [0047] shearing device 13 is provided with a central portion thereof toward the inclined plane 22 such that when the first segment 16 is bent, it overlaps the second section 17, to prevent interference with the latter problem. 在弯曲期间,倾斜平面22的存在造成产生杆B的第一段16的转向,这使得它不与第二段17共面。 During bending, the presence of the inclined plane 22 of the first section 16 causes the steering rod to produce B, which makes it not coplanar with the second section 17.

[0048] 这种共面性的缺乏也来自于材料的性质,当该材料以这种角度弯曲时倾向于释放表面张力,修改其对弯曲的反应。 [0048] This lack of coplanarity also from the nature of the material when the material is bent at an angle in this release surface tension tends to modify its response to bending.

[0049] 校正装置10布置在弯曲装置14下游,并且适合于校正第一段16,第二段17和连接它们的弯曲段18之间的角度。 [0049] In the correction means 10 is disposed downstream of the bending means 14, and is adapted to correct the first segment 16, second segment 17 and the connection between the segments 18 are bent angle. [0050] 特别地,根据本发明的校正装置10(图2)包括至少第一邻接元件25,可以相对于第一邻接元件25平移的第二邻接元件26,和与第一邻接元件25相连接的支撑销27,并且在这种情况下,与第二邻接元件26 —起一致地可移动。 [0050] In particular, according to the present invention, the correcting means 10 (FIG. 2) includes at least a first abutment element 25, with respect to the first member 25 abutting a second abutment element 26 translation, and a first abutting member 25 is connected The support pin 27, and in this case, the second abutment element 26 - starting to move in unison.

[0051] 第一邻接元件25适合于至少部分地支撑第二段17的第一端部部分29和至少直接连接到第一端部部分29的弯曲段18的第二部分30。 [0051] The first abutment member 25 is adapted to at least partially support the second section 17 of the first end portion 29 and at least a portion directly connected to the curved section 29 of the first end portion 18 of the second portion 30.

[0052] 特别地,第一邻接元件25基本上为L形的,即,它具有第一部分32和布置成基本上相对于第一部分32垂直的第二部分33,并且设置有邻接表面35,在使用期间,第二段17的第一端部部分29和弯曲段18的第二部分30搁置在该邻接表面35上。 [0052] In particular, the first abutting member 25 is substantially L-shaped, i.e., having a first portion 32 and arranged substantially perpendicular with respect to the first portion 32 of the second portion 33, and is provided with an abutment surface 35, in During use, the first end portion and a curved section 17 of the second paragraph of section 29 of the second section 18 of the 30 rest on the abutment surface 35.

[0053] 邻接表面35在每一种情况下都布置成基本上平行于弯曲工作台15。 [0053] The abutment surface 35 in each case are arranged substantially parallel to the curved table 15.

[0054] 外壳元件36固定地连接到第一邻接元件25的第二部分33,并且适合于与邻接表面35 —起限定外壳支座37,在使用期间,至少弯曲段18的第二部分30布置在该外壳支座37内。 [0054] The housing member 36 is fixedly connected to a first abutment member 25 of second portion 33, and is adapted to engage the abutment surface 35 - from the bearing housing 37 defining, during use, at least the curved section 18 of the second portion 30 is disposed holder 37 within the housing.

[0055] 第一邻接元件25关联到第一平移机构39,该第一平移机构39用来使第一邻接元件25竖直平移,并且使第一邻接元件25相对于弯曲工作台I突出,或相对于其完全缩进。 [0055] The first abutment member 25 associated with the first translation mechanism 39, the first translation mechanism 39 for the first abutment element 25 vertical translation, and the first abutment member 25 with respect to the bending stage I highlight, or relative to its fully retracted.

[0056] 第二邻接元件26布置成接近第一邻接元件25的第二段33的端部并且包括支撑体40,压力元件41固定地连接到该支撑体40。 [0056] The second abutment member 26 is disposed in proximity to a first end portion abutting member 25 of the second section 33 and includes a support member 40, the pressure member 41 is fixedly connected to the support member 40.

[0057] 压力元件41布置成对应于凹入区域,该凹入区域限定为位于第一邻接元件25的第一部分32和第二部分33之间,并且选择性的相对于后两者的厚度平移,即沿图2中的箭头F指示的方向。 [0057] The pressure member 41 is arranged to correspond to the recessed area, the recessed area defined as a first abutment member is located between the first portion 32 and second portion 25 of the 33, and the selectivity with respect to the thickness of the latter two translation , i.e., along the arrow F in FIG. 2 indicates the direction.

[0058] 压力元件41设置有对比表面45,该对比表面45在第二邻接元件26的运动期间被引起与第一段16接触。 [0058] The pressure element 41 is provided with a contrast surface 45, the contrast surface 45 is caused to contact with the first section 16 during the movement of the second abutment element (26).

[0059] 更特别地,第二平移机构42固定地连接到支撑体40,并且相对于第一平移机构39独立,该第二平移机构42用来相对于弯曲工作台15垂直地平移第二邻接元件26。 [0059] More particularly, the second translation mechanism 42 is fixedly connected to the support member 40, and the translation mechanism 39 with respect to the first independent translation of the second bending mechanism 42 with respect to the table 15 translate vertically adjacent second element 26.

[0060] 支撑销27布置成穿过并且接近第一邻接元件25的第一部分32的中心线。 [0060] disposed through the support pin 27 closer to the center line and a first abutment member 32 of the first portion 25.

[0061] 在这种情况中,支撑销27独立于第一邻接元件25并且与第二邻接元件26协调地选择性地移动。 [0061] In this case, the support pin 27 independently of the abutting member 25 and the first and second abutting member 26 is moved selectively coordinated.

[0062] 支撑销27可以设置有相对于第二平移机构42独立的运动机构,或者在其它形式的实施方式中,第二平移机构42它们自身用于移动第二邻接元件26和支撑销27。 [0062] the support pin 27 may be provided with respect to the second translational movement mechanism 42 independent mechanism, or in other forms of embodiment, the second translation mechanism 42 for moving themselves abutment member 26 and the second support pin 27.

[0063] 支撑元件43 (图1)(在这种情况下为两个)被设置用来支撑杆B,该杆B在沿弯曲工作台15的运动期间被弯曲。 [0063] the support member 43 (FIG. 1) (in this case two) is arranged to support bars B, B of the rod is bent during movement along the table 15 is curved. 特别地,在这种情况中,第一支撑元件43介于弯曲装置14和校正装置10之间,而另外的支撑元件43布置在校正装置10紧邻的下游。 In particular, in this case, between the first support member 43 and the correcting means 14 between the bending means 10, and the other supporting member 43 is disposed downstream of the correcting means 10 immediately.

[0064] 两个支撑元件43都可以选择性地平移以便到达相对于弯曲工作台15突出的第一操作状态,和到达缩进到弯曲工作台15中的第二操作状态。 [0064] two support elements 43 can be selectively translatable relative to the bend in order to reach a first operation table 15 protruding state, and reach the table 15 is retracted into the curved second operational state.

[0065] 一旦杆B已经被弯曲并且已经执行用来校正杆的段的形状的操作,布置在移动机构12和弯曲装置14之间的剪切装置13(图1)就用于按尺寸切割杆B。 [0065] Once the rod has been bent and B has been performed for correcting the shape of the section of the operation lever, is arranged in the bending apparatus 12 and the moving mechanism 14 between the shearing device 13 (FIG. 1) was used in accordance with the size of the cut lever B.

[0066] 弯曲工作台15在这种情况下布置成基本上竖直的,或者在其他情况下布置成倾斜的,使得弯曲杆B—旦用来弯曲它和校正形状的所有操作已经被执行就可以由于重力作用而从弯曲机器11被排出。 [0066] bending table 15 in this case arranged substantially vertical or oblique arranged in other cases, so that all operations once bent rod B- to bend it and shape correction has been performed on It can be discharged by gravity from the machine 11 bent.

[0067] 参考图3-6,根据本发明,现在描述用来校正杆B的形状的校正装置10的功能。 [0067] with reference to Figures 3-6, according to the present invention, the correction means are now described function for correcting the shape of the rod 10 of the B. [0068] 在使用已知方法执行的借助弯曲装置14的杆B的弯曲步骤期间,用来校正杆的形状的校正装置10布置在相对于弯曲工作台15缩进的非操作状态中,以便不产生与杆B的运动的干涉。 Shape correction means [0068] During use of the known method of bending step performed by means of the lever 14 B of the bending means, for correcting the rod 10 with respect to the bending table is arranged in the indentation 15 in the non-operation state, so as not to interference generating movement of the lever B.

[0069] 一旦完成弯曲操作,校正装置10、第一邻接元件25和第二邻接元件26就进入相对于弯曲工作台15突出的它们的第一操作状态以便将至少邻接表面35布置成基本上与弯曲工作台15共面(图3)。 [0069] Upon completion of the bending operation, the correction means 10, 25 and the second abutting member 26 enters the first abutting member with respect to the bending bench 15 projecting their operating state for at least a first abutment surface 35 is arranged substantially the curved surface 15 of the table (Figure 3).

[0070] 第二邻接元件26布置成相对于弯曲工作台15突出第一距离L,相对于第一邻接元件25升高以便允许杆B在压力元件41下方通过而没有干涉的问题。 [0070] The second abutment member 26 is arranged with respect to the bending bench 15 projecting a first distance L, relative to the first abutment member 25 rises so as to allow the pressure at the bottom of the rod member B by 41 without interference problems.

[0071] 在这种状态中,杆B的第二段17仍然由供给机构12夹持,该供给机构用于向着校正装置10供给弯曲的杆B。 [0071] In this state, the second section B of the rod 17 remains clamped by the feed mechanism 12, the supply means for supplying correction means 10 toward the curved rod B.

[0072] 特别地,它用于供给杆B以便将至少弯曲段18的第二部分30插在外壳支座37内并且将第一端部部分29和第二部分30布置在第一邻接元件25的邻接表面35上。 [0072] In particular, it is used to supply at least a bar B for the second portion of the curved portion 18 of the holder 30 is inserted in the housing 37 and the first end portion 29 and second portion 30 disposed between the first abutment member 25 35 on the abutment surface.

[0073] 在这种状态中,使第二邻接元件26进入从弯曲工作台15突出确定的第二距离D (大于第一距离L)的第二工作状态。 [0073] In this state, the second abutment member 26 into the bending table 15 projecting from a second determined distance D (greater than the first distance L) of the second operating state.

[0074] 随后,第一平移机构39向着第二邻接元件26平移第一邻接元件25。 [0074] Subsequently, a first translation mechanism 39 toward the second abutment member 26 abutting member 25 of the first pan. 在第一邻接元件25的平移期间,杆B也竖直地平移,该杆以其第二段17和弯曲段18搁置在邻接表面35上并且分别插入到外壳支座37中。 During the translation of the first abutment member 25 also vertically translating lever B, the lever in its second section 17 and bend section 18 rests on the abutment surfaces 35 and 37 are inserted into the housing of the holder.

[0075] 第一邻接元件25的平移的存在使得通过压力元件41在第一段16上施加压力作用,以便能够使第一段16与第二段17对齐,或者使第一段16相对于第二段17以限定的角度成角度。 [0075] the presence of translatable first abutting member 25 by the pressure member 41 such that the pressure exerted on the role of the first section 16, so as to enable the first section 16 is aligned with the second section 17, or so that the first section 16 relative to the first Sec 17 to define the angle of an angle.

[0076] 特别地,为了考虑杆B的弹性返回,在弯曲期间,必要的是,第一邻接元件25的邻接表面35至少达到一高度,该高度等于或高于压力元件41的对比表面45的高度(相对于弯曲工作台15)。 [0076] In particular, in order to consider the elastic return lever B, during bending, it is necessary that the abutment surface 35 of the first abutting member 25 at least one height, the height equal to or higher than the pressure surface 41 of contrast elements 45 height (relative to the bending table 15).

[0077] 第二距离D的存在也使得第一段16的端部在压力元件41施加的压力作用期间不干涉弯曲工作台15,该干涉反过来将导致杆B的不希望的变形。 The presence of [0077] a second distance D so that the end portion of the first section 16 also during the pressure exerted by the pressure member 41 not interfere with the bending stage 15, which in turn will result in interference of the lever B unwanted deformation.

[0078] 然后,使至少第一邻接元件25返回到邻接表面35与弯曲工作台15对齐的状态中。 [0078] Then, at least a first abutment member 25 to return to the abutment surface 35 and the bending table 15 aligned state. 这样,供给机构12用来从校正装置10释放杆B并且因此通过用剪切装置13剪切杆B而允许杆B的移除。 Thus, the supply mechanism 12 to release the correction from 10 levers B and thus cut by 13 bar B with the shearing device and allows for removal of the rod B's. 在这个最后操作期间,校正装置10可以进入相对于弯曲工作台15缩进的其非操作状态。 During this last operation, the correction means 10 may be bent with respect to the table 15 into the indentation of its non-operating state.

[0079] 在上述操作期间,支撑销27用于将杆B保持在希望的位置中,即,至少弯曲段18与外壳支座37协作,即使在举升杆B的操作期间。 [0079] During the above operation, the support pin 27 for holding the rod in a desired position B, i.e., at least the curved section 18 and the bearing housing 37 collaboration, even during operation of the lift lever B.

[0080] 清楚的是,在不偏离本发明的领域和范围的情况下,可以对如前面描述的用来校正金属杆的形状的装置和方法作出部分的修改和/或添加。 [0080] It is clear that without departing from the field and scope of the present invention may be made to the apparatus and method as described above is used to correct the shape of the metal rod to amend part of and / or additions.

[0081] 例如,在根据图9中示出的构造成形杆B的情况中,根据本发明的校正装置110 (图12)具有第一对比元件25,该第一对比元件仅设置有第二部分33,外壳元件36直接集成到该第二部分33。 [0081] For example, in the case shown in FIG. 9 based on the configuration of the shaped lever B, the correction device 110 according to the present invention (FIG. 12) having a first comparing element 25, only the first comparison element is provided with a second portion 33, the housing member 36 is integrated directly into the second portion 33.

[0082] 外壳兀件36设置有邻接表面35,该邻接表面执行与上述相同的功能。 [0082] Wu housing member 36 is provided with an abutment surface 35, the abutment surface performs the same function of the above. 外壳支座37允许杆B的第二段17穿过它插入,同时弯曲段18的一部分和第一段16从外壳支座37突出。 Bearing housing 37 to allow the rod 17 B of the second paragraph is inserted therethrough, while bending portion 16 and the first paragraph of section 18 of the holder from the housing 37 outstanding. [0083] 第二邻接元件26通过压力元件41直接作用在第一段16上。 [0083] The second abutment member 26 by the pressure element 41 acts directly on the first section 16.

[0084] 也清楚的是,虽然已经参考一些具体例子描述了本发明,但本领域技术人员应当毫无疑问地能够实现用来校正金属杆的形状的装置和方法的许多其它等同形式,该许多其它等同形式具有如权利要求中阐述的特性,并且因此都落在由此限定的保护范围内。 [0084] also clear that, although already described with reference to some specific examples of the present invention, those skilled in the art would no doubt be able to achieve many other equivalent forms used to correct the shape of the metal rod apparatus and method, which many other equivalent forms having as set forth in claim characteristics, and thus fall within the scope of protection defined thereby.

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Classifications
International ClassificationB21D3/14, B21D3/10, B21D11/12
Cooperative ClassificationB21D11/12, B21D3/10, B21D3/14
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