|Publication number||CN102873234 A|
|Application number||CN 201210382666|
|Publication date||16 Jan 2013|
|Filing date||10 Oct 2012|
|Priority date||10 Oct 2012|
|Also published as||CN102873234B|
|Publication number||201210382666.9, CN 102873234 A, CN 102873234A, CN 201210382666, CN-A-102873234, CN102873234 A, CN102873234A, CN201210382666, CN201210382666.9|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Classifications (2), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
一种弹簧机离合器离合自动控制机构 One kind of machine clutch spring clutch automatic control mechanism
技术领域 TECHNICAL FIELD 
本发明涉及弹簧机领域，特指一种弹簧机离合器离合自动控制机构。 The present invention relates to the field of spring machines, in particular to a clutch spring clutch automatic machine control mechanism.
 本发明属于弹簧机机械领域，弹簧机的传统送料方式主要由2种，一种是用牙嵌式离合器、电磁离合器等方式送线，这种送线方式主要缺点是送线开始和结束的加速度和速度都无限大，送线精度不高。  The present invention belongs to the field of machines for spring, the traditional way of spring feeding machine is mainly composed of two kinds, one is jaw clutch, electromagnetic clutch wire feeding, etc., the main drawback of this approach is to send the wire feed line start and acceleration and velocity are infinite end, sending line accuracy is not high. 还有一种方式是扇形齿轮来回摆动和单向超越离合器配合送线，这种送线方式主要优点是送线开始和结束的加速度和速度都为零。 Another way is to swing back and forth and fan gear with one-way clutch to send line, this send-line main advantage is to send the line start and end of acceleration and velocity are zero. 虽然这种方式的送线精度高，但使用范围较窄，对于直径大于8丽以上的钢丝，单向超越离合器无法承受，有待改进。 Although this way of feeding line high accuracy, but the use of a narrow range for more than a diameter greater than 8 Li wire, one-way clutch can not afford to be improved.
 因此，本发明人对此做进一步研究，研发出一种弹簧机离合器离合自动控制机构，本案由此产生。  Accordingly, the inventors of this further study, developed a machine clutch spring clutch automatic control mechanism, the resulting case.
 本发明的目的在于提供一种弹簧机离合器离合自动控制机构，提高了弹簧机送料时的离合性能。  The present invention is to provide a spring clutch clutch automatic machine control mechanism to improve the performance of the clutch spring when feeding machine.
 为了实现上述目的，本发明的技术方案如下：  To achieve the above object, the present invention is as follows:
一种弹簧机离合器离合自动控制机构，包括箱体，杠杆，L形的拨叉，活动半离合器，固定半离合器，离合器轴，压簧；所述的活动半离合器和固定半离合器设置在离合器轴上，活动半离合器和箱体之间还设置有压簧；所述的拨叉设置在箱体上，拨叉在箱体内的端部与杠杆交叉连接且位于杠杆的上方，拨叉在箱体外的端部套接在活动半离合器上；通过抬起杠杆使拨叉将活动半离合器从固定半离合器上脱离。 One kind of machine clutch spring clutch automatic control mechanism, including the box, leverage, L-shaped fork, events half clutch, semi-fixed clutch, clutch shaft, spring; the activities described in the half clutch and clutch set fixed half clutch shaft further provided between the upper, active and semi-clutch casing compression spring; disposed above said yoke to the housing, the end portion of the yoke in the housing with the lever located at the cross-connect and the lever, the fork in the housing the outer ends of the socket in the active half clutch; by fork lift lever to make the activities of semi-detached from the fixed half clutch clutch.
 进一步，所述的离合器轴设置在箱体的下部，所述的活动半离合器和固定半离合器皆位于箱体外。  Further, the clutch shaft disposed in the lower case, and the activity half-clutches and fixed half-clutches are located outside the box.
 进一步，所述的拨叉的转折处枢接在设置在箱体外的支座上。  Further, the turning point of the fork pivot on the seat of the pick set up in the box outside.
 进一步，所述的杠杆包括第一杠杆和第二杠杆，第一杠杆和第二杠杆都枢接在箱体内同一水平位置上；其中第一杠杆的端部与拨叉交叉设置，第二杠杆的端部重叠在第一杠杆另一端部上，第二杠杆的另一端部通过轴承与凸轮联动连接。  Further, the lever comprises a first lever and a second lever, the first lever and second lever are pivoted at the same horizontal position on the cabinets; wherein the end portion of the first lever and the fork cross-disposed, first Two ends of the lever is overlapped on the first lever and the other end portion, the other end of the second lever is connected through a linkage with the cam bearing.
 进一步，所述的凸轮设置在主动轴上且外圆包括两道半径不一的圆弧。  Further, the cam provided on the drive shaft and comprising two outer arcs of varying radius.
 进一步，所述的第一杠杆与拨叉的交接处设置有内六角螺栓，拨叉连接于内六角螺栓之上。  Further, the first lever and the fork junction is provided hex bolts, fork attached to the top of the Allen bolts.  进一步，所述的活动半离合器与固定半离合器之间通过离合器转动销连接。  Further, between the activities of semi-fixed half clutch clutch clutch pivot pin connection.
 进一步，所述的活动半离合器上开设有配合离合器转动销的若干长槽。  Further, the activity on the creation of a number of long half-clutch groove with clutch pivot pins.
 进一步，所述的离合器转动销在长槽内的这一端有一个斜面结构。  Further, the rotation of the clutch pin in this end of the long groove has a slanted surface structure.
 进一步，所述的活动半离合器开设有凹槽，凹槽与轴承接触处是弧面，拨叉套接在凹槽中。  Further, the activation of the clutch half opened a recess, the recess is that the arc in contact with the bearing, fork socket in the groove.
 采用上述方案后，本发明与现有技术相比，具有以下优点：  With the above scheme, the present invention compared to the prior art, has the following advantages:
I、拨叉使活动半离合器脱离固定半离合器而压簧能使活动半离合器恢复，实现了高性能离合。 I, the movable half clutch fork from the fixed half clutch spring clutch and a half to make the recovery activities, to achieve a high performance clutch.
 2、两杠杆接触点设计时滑动率极低，减少了磨损，提高了传动效率。  2, two contact points designed sliding lever rate is very low, reducing the wear and improve the transmission efficiency.
 3、采用大直径凸轮片，使凸轮转动很小角度，就能使离合器快速离合。  3, the use of large diameter cam piece, the cam rotation angle is very small, can make rapid clutch clutch.
 4、活动半离合器采用多条长槽设计，有利于离合器容易离合。  4. Activities half clutch uses many long trough design is conducive to easy clutch clutch.
 5、采用这种机构，自动控制离合器离合过程，配合扇形齿轮来回摆动送线，可以实现8_以上大线径弹簧机的高精度送线。  5, using this mechanism, automatic clutch clutch control process, with the sector gear fro delivery line, can achieve high accuracy over a large diameter wire feeding 8_ spring machines.
 6、第一杠杆与拨叉的接触处设置有头部是圆球形的内六角螺栓，使摆动时减少了接触磨损，提高了传动效率。  6, at the first contact with the fork lever is provided with a spherical head hex bolts, so the swing reducing contact wear, improve the transmission efficiency.
附图说明 Brief Description
 图I是本发明的结构示意图；  Figure I is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
图2是图I的左视图； Figure 2 is a left side view of Figure I;
图3为图I拨叉的右视图； Figure 3 is a right side view of the fork of Figure I;
图4是图I II向不意图； Figure 4 is not intended to FIG I II;
图5是拨叉的立体图。 Figure 5 is a perspective view of the fork.
 标号说明  label instructions
箱体I，第一杠杆21，第二杠杆22，拨叉3，内六角螺栓31，轴承32，支座4，活动半离合器5,长槽51,凹槽52,固定半离合器6,转动销61,离合器轴7,压簧8,凸轮9。 Box I, the first lever 21, the second lever 22, a fork 3, hex bolts 31, bearing 32, bearing 4, activity clutch 5 and a half, long slot 51, the grooves 52, fixed semi-clutch 6, pivot pins 61, the clutch shaft 7, spring 8, the cam 9.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
 下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作进一步的说明。  below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described.
 如图所示，本发明揭示的一种弹簧机离合器离合自动控制机构，包括箱体1，杠杆，L形的拨叉3，支座4，活动半离合器5，固定半离合器6，离合器轴7，压簧8。  As shown, the present invention discloses a machine spring clutch automatic clutch control mechanism, includes a housing 1, a lever, L-shaped yoke 3, bearing 4, mobile half clutch 5, the fixed half-clutch 6, clutch shaft 7, spring 8.
 其中离合器轴7设置在箱体I的下部，活动半离合器5和固定半离合器6都设置在离合器轴7上且位于箱体I外；活动半离合器5上开设若干长槽51,设置在固定半离合器6上的离合器转动销61可以插入长槽51中实现两个离合器之间的离合功能，其中离合器转动销61在长槽51内的这一端有一个斜面结构，有利于离合器转动销61更精确的插入长槽51中；活动半离合器凹槽52上加工了圆弧，离合器轴7转动传递动力时，与轴承32近似纯滚动摩擦，减少了磨损，提高了寿命。  wherein the clutch shaft 7 disposed in the lower case I, the movable half-clutches 5 and 6 are fixed to the clutch half is provided on the clutch shaft 7 and is located in the outer casing I; number of the long grooves 51 open on the movable clutch half 5, provided clutch 6 on the fixed pivot pin clutch half 61 may be inserted into the long grooves 51 realize functions of the two clutches between the clutch, wherein the clutch pin 61 rotates within the trough 51 to this end has a beveled structure is conducive to the clutch rotation pin 61 more precisely inserted in the long groove 51; groove 52 on the movable clutch half arc processing, when the clutch shaft 7 is rotated to transmit power, and the bearing 32 is approximately pure rolling friction, reduced wear, improved life.
 杠杆包括第一杠杆21和第二杠杆22，第一杠杆21和第二杠杆22都枢接在箱体I内同一水平位置上，第二杠杆22的端部重叠在第一杠杆21另一端部上，第二杠杆22的另一端部通过设置在轴承32销上的轴承32与电机轴上的凸轮9联动连接；拨叉3的转折处枢接在设置在箱体I外的支座4上，拨叉3在箱体I外的端部套接在活动半离合器5上；拨叉3在箱体I内的端部与第一杠杆21交叉设置且位于第一杠杆21的上方；凸轮9设置在主动轴上且外圆包括两道半径不一的圆弧，当主动轴转动时通过圆弧抬起第二杠杆22使拨叉3将活动半离合器5从固定半离合器6上脱离。  The lever includes a first lever 21 and second lever 22, the first lever 21 and second lever 22 are pivoted in the housing I of the same horizontal position, the end portion of the second lever 22 is overlapped on the first lever 21 the other end portion, the other end of the second lever 22 through the cam bearing disposed in the bearing 32 and the motor shaft 32 connected to pin 9 on the linkage; the turning point of the pivot fork 3 connected to the outer support is disposed in the housing I 3 in the housing above the fork I end portion intersecting with the first lever 21 is set and the first lever 21 is located; the seat 4, the end portion of the yoke 3 in the housing socket I activity on the outside half of the clutch 5 ; cam 9 is set in the drive shaft and the outer radius, including two different arc, when the drive shaft rotates through the arc of the second lever 22 causes the fork lift 3 activity and a half from the fixed half clutch clutch 5 6 detachment.
 箱体I和活动半离合器5之间还设置有压簧8，用来对活动半离合器5进行复位。  Box I and activities between the half clutch 5 is also provided with a compression spring 8, is used to reset the active half clutch 5.
 作为优选，所述的第一杠杆21与拨叉3的交接处设置有内六角螺栓31，此内六角螺栓头部是圆球形，拨叉3位于内六角螺栓31之上，摆动时减少了接触磨损，提高了传动效率。  Advantageously, the first lever 21 is provided with a fork junction of three hex bolts 31, this hex bolt head is spherical, fork three hex bolts located on the 31 swing reduced contact wear and improve the transmission efficiency.  本发明的工作原理是：  The working principle of the present invention are:
电机带动主动轴，使凸轮9 (如图2所示状态下）转动，当半径较大的圆弧转到轴承32处时，第二杠杆22逆时针转动，从而使得第一杠杆21顺时针转动，设置在第一杠杆21端部的拨叉3被抬起，由于拨叉3枢接在支座4上，所以使得套接在拨叉3另一端中的活动半离合器5从固定半离合器6中脱离。 Motor driven drive shaft, the cam 9 (the state shown in FIG. 2) rotates, when the large radius arc to the bearing 32, the second lever 22 rotates counterclockwise, so that the first lever 21 is rotated clockwise , provided at the end portion of the yoke 21 of the first lever 3 is lifted, due to the yoke 3 is pivoted on the carriage 4, thus making the socket at the other end of the yoke 3 in the active half of the clutch 5 from the fixed half-clutch 6 the detachment.
 当凸轮9转到半径较小的圆弧处时，活动半离合器5在压簧8的作用下复位，从而使得其它构件也一并回位。  When the cam 9 to smaller radius arc at half the activities under the action of spring clutch 5 8 reset, so that other members can also be a return.
 上述仅为本发明的具体实施例，但本发明的设计构思并不局限于此，凡利用此构思对本发明进行非实质性的改动，均应属于侵犯本发明保护范围的行为。  The only specific embodiments of the present invention, but the design concept of the present invention is not limited to, any use of this idea of the present invention is non-substantive changes, shall be an infringement of the scope of the invention behavior.
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|16 Jan 2013||C06||Publication|
|27 Feb 2013||C10||Entry into substantive examination|
|13 Aug 2014||C53||Correction of patent for invention or patent application|
|13 Aug 2014||COR||Change of bibliographic data|
Free format text: CORRECT: APPLICANT; FROM: SHAOXING SPRING HOME DEGREES MACHINERY CO., LTD. TO: ZHEJIANG JIADU SPRING MACHINERY CO., LTD.
Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: YU JIALIN TO: YU JIALIN SONG GUOLIANG
|3 Sep 2014||C14||Grant of patent or utility model|