|Publication number||CN102151759 A|
|Application number||CN 201010592731|
|Publication date||17 Aug 2011|
|Filing date||9 Dec 2010|
|Priority date||9 Dec 2010|
|Publication number||201010592731.1, CN 102151759 A, CN 102151759A, CN 201010592731, CN-A-102151759, CN102151759 A, CN102151759A, CN201010592731, CN201010592731.1|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (1), Classifications (2), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: SIPO, Espacenet|
长U弯管机的送料装置的位置切换部件 Location long U bender feeding device switching member
技术领域 Technical Field
 本发明涉及一种长U弯管机的送料装置的位置切换部件，尤其是一种可以对两种不同管径的管材进行加工的长U弯管机的送料装置的位置切换部件。  The present invention relates to a long position U bender switching component feeding device, particularly a possible two different pipe diameters long position machining U bender switching component feeding device.
 管翅式换热器作为一种紧凑式换热器，在制冷行业具有广泛的应用。  The tube-fin heat exchanger as a compact heat exchanger in the refrigeration industry has a wide range of applications. 随着空调与制冷行业的技术发展，以及环保法规的进一步严格控制，对换热单元自身换热性能的要求更加严格，以弥补替代制冷剂性能低下。 With air conditioning and refrigeration industry technology development, as well as strict control of further environmental regulations, the heat transfer performance of the heat exchanger unit itself more stringent requirements, in order to compensate for poor substitute refrigerants performance. 因此，换热器结构（换热管和翅片类型）以及相关换热器成形工艺是影响换热性能的重要因素，对于提高换热器的整体换热性能具有重要的意义。 Therefore, the structure of the heat exchanger (heat transfer tube and fin type) and associated heat exchanger forming process is an important factor affecting the performance of the heat exchanger, to improve the overall heat transfer performance of the heat exchanger is of great significance. 换热器的成形过程主要有以下三种成形工艺：管弯曲成形（形成U形管），机械胀管成形（实现管-翅连接），管束折弯成形（形成L型或G型换热器）。 Heat exchanger forming process there are three main forming process: tube bending (forming a U-shaped tubes), mechanical expander forming (achieve tube - fin connection), bending forming bundle (form L-type or G-type heat exchanger ).
 现有的长U弯管机在弯长U(长U是一种U形管，又名发卡管或U形长管）时，需要按照管件的管径选择对应的送料装置，如果待加工的管件的管径有两种，就要拆换送料装置上的相关零件（送料同步带），而这种拆换是十分麻烦的。  The existing long bender in long curved U U (U is a long U-shaped tube, also known as U-shaped hairpin tube or long tube), the need to follow the choice of tube diameter corresponding feeding device, if to be processed pipe diameter two, it is necessary to replace them related parts (Feeding belt) on the feeding device, and this is very troublesome to replace them.
 针对现有技术存在的不足，本发明的目的在于提供一种可以对两种不同管径的管材进行加工的长U弯管机的送料装置的位置切换部件。 Location long U bender feeding apparatus  for the deficiency of the prior art, an object of the invention is to provide a pair of two different diameters of pipe processing of switching means.
 为实现上述目的，本发明采用以下技术方案：  To achieve the above object, the present invention employs the following technical scheme:
 一种长U弯管机的送料装置的位置切换部件，包括机架、送料底板和进料路径；  The position of a long-U pipe bending machine feeding device switching components, including chassis, feed plate and feed path;
 送料底板上设有第一送料通道和第二送料通道；  Feeding provided with a first feeding passage and the second feeding channel floor;
 送料底板在机架上具有第一工位和第二工位，第一工位与第二工位之间的距离等于第一送料通道与第二送料通道之间的中心距；  The feed station base plate having a first and a second station on the frame, from the first station and the second station is equal to the first feed channel and the central feed passage between the second feed distance;
 送料底板处于第一工位时，第一送料通道与进料路径对准； When the  feeding the floor in the first station, the first feed channel aligned with the feed path;
 送料底板处于第二工位时，第二送料通道与进料路径对准；  When feeding the floor in the second station, the second feed channel aligned with the feed path;
 该位置切换部件包括导向机构、切换机构和定位机构，切换机构驱使送料底板沿导向机构确定的方向在第一工位与第二工位之间来回切换，定位机构将送料底板定位在机架上而使设定的送料通道与送料路径对准。  The position of the switching member comprises guide means, the switching mechanism and positioning mechanism, the switching mechanism to drive the feed chassis determined direction along the guide mechanism between the first station and the second station switching back and forth, positioning mechanism will be positioned at the bottom feed feed channels and feed on the rack leaving the set path alignment.
 上述技术方案还可以通过以下技术措施作进一步改进：  The above technical solutions are also available through technical measures for further improvement:
 定位机构包括固设在机架上的前定位件和后定位件；送料底板在第一工位时，送料底板的前侧定位面与其外侧的前定位件相抵，送料底板的后侧定位面与其外侧的后定位件之间的间距等于第一工位和第二工位之间的距离；送料底板在第二工位时，送料底板的后侧定位面与其外侧的后定位件相抵。  The positioning mechanism includes securely fixed on the front of the rack and the rear spacer spacer; feeding the floor at the first station, the feeding floor spacer Front side positioning surface to its outer balance, feeding the rear side of the base plate positioned between the outer surface of its rear spacer distance equal to the pitch of the first station and a second station between; feed plate at the second station, the feed member after positioning the rear positioning surface of the base plate and its outer offset .
 导向机构包括导轨和滑座，导轨沿前后方向固定在机架上，滑座固定在送料底板的底部，滑座与导轨滑移配合且滑移方向与进料路径垂直。  guide means includes a guide rail and carriage, the front and rear rails in the direction of the rack, slide plate fixed to the bottom of the feeding, carriage and rail slip fit and slip direction perpendicular to the feed path.
 切换机构包括包括螺设在机架上的前顶推件和后顶推件；送料底板在第一工位时，后顶推件的前端顶抵送料底板的后壁；送料底板在第二工位时，前顶推件的后端顶抵送料底板的前壁。  switching mechanism includes a spiro provided on the front of the rack and the rear pusher pusher; feeding the floor at the first station, the front end of the top member after pushing against the back wall of the bottom plate feeding; feeding the floor in The second station, the rear end of the front of the top pusher plate against the front wall of the feed.
 所述前定位件、后定位件、前顶推件和后顶推件都是螺钉。  The front positioning member, after positioning member, former pusher and pusher after all screws.
 以上各技术措施可择一使用，也可组合使用。 Above  the technical measures may alternatively, can also be used in combination.
 本发明结构简单合理，定位精确，操作方便，制造容易。 Simple structure  The present invention is reasonable, accurate positioning, easy to operate, easy to manufacture. 采用本发明的长U弯管机可以在不拆换主要部件的基础上，对两种不同管径的管材进行加工，加工范围广。 According to the present invention, a long U bender can not replace them on the basis of the main components for two different diameter pipes for processing, processing a wide range. 使用者可以先在送料同步带上制造与两种管径对应的两条半圆形凹槽，形成两种送料通道，然后利用位置切换部件切换工位，使对应的送料通道对准待加工的管件，从而完成对管件的折弯加工。 Users can be fabricated on a feed belt and two diameters corresponding to the two semi-circular grooves, forming two feed channel, and then use the position of the switch means switching station, will make the corresponding feed channel aligned to be processed tube, thus completing the bending of the pipe.
附图说明 Brief Description
 图1是本发明的立体图；  FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the invention;
 图2是本发明的主视图；  FIG. 2 is a front view of the present invention;
 图3是图2的CC剖视图；  FIG. 3 is a CC sectional view of Figure 2;
 图4是图2的BB剖视图；  FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view BB of Figure 2;
 图5是第一、二输送带的剖面结构图。  FIG. 5 is a first and second cross-sectional structure of the conveyor belt.
具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION
 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步说明。  below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments of the present invention will be further described below.
 如图所示，一种长U弯管机的送料装置的位置切换部件，包括机架1、送料底板5和进料路径，送料底板5上设有第一送料通道和第二送料通道；送料底板5在机架1上具有第一工位和第二工位，第一工位与第二工位之间的距离等于第一送料通道与第二送料通道之间的中心距；送料底板5处于第一工位时，第一送料通道与进料路径对准；送料底板5处于第二工位时，第二送料通道与进料路径对准；该位置切换部件包括导向机构、切换机构和定位机构，切换机构驱使送料底板沿导向机构确定的方向在第一工位与第二工位之间来回切换，定位机构将送料底板定位在机架上而使设定的送料通道与送料路径对准。  position as shown, a long U bender feed means switching member, comprises a frame 1, the bottom plate 5 and the feed path of the feed, the feed is provided on the bottom plate 5 of the first feed and the second feed passage channel; feeding plate 5 has a first station and a second station on the frame 1, from the first station and the second station is equal to the first feed channel and the center of the second feed passage between the distance; When the bottom plate 5 is in the first feeding station, a first feed passage is aligned with the feed path; when the feed plate 5 is in the second station, a second feeding passage is aligned with the feed path; the position switching means comprises a guide means, switching mechanism and positioning mechanism, the switching mechanism to drive the feed chassis determined direction along the guide mechanism between the first station and the second station switching back and forth, positioning mechanism will feed plate positioned on the frame leaving the set of feed channels and feeding path aligned. 定位机构包括固设在机架1上的前定位件171和后定位件172 ；送料底板5在第一工位时，送料底板5 的前侧定位面与其外侧的前定位件171相抵，送料底板5的后侧定位面与其外侧的后定位件172之间的间距等于第一工位和第二工位之间的距离；送料底板5在第二工位时，送料底板5的后侧定位面与其外侧的后定位件172相抵。 Positioning means includes fixedly arranged on the frame 1 of the front positioning member 171 and a rear positioning member 172; feeding floor 5 in the first station, the feed plate 5 of the front side positioning face its outer front positioning member 171 balance, feed plate After the rear side of the positioning member 5 is positioned with its outer surface 172 is equal to the spacing distance between the first station and a second station between; feed plate 5 at the second station, the feeding of the base plate rear side positioning surfaces 5 After positioning member 172 to its outer balance. 导向机构包括导轨181和滑座182，导轨181沿前后方向固定在机架1上，滑座182固定在送料底板5的底部，滑座182与导轨181 滑移配合且滑移方向与进料路径垂直。 Guide means includes a guide rail 181 and the carriage 182, the front and rear direction of the guide rail 181 is fixed to the frame 1, the carriage 182 is fixed to the bottom plate 5 of the feeding, carriage 182 and the guide 181 slip and slip direction with the feed path vertical. 切换机构包括包括螺设在机架1上的前顶推件191 和后顶推件192 ；送料底板5在第一工位时，后顶推件192的前端顶抵送料底板5的后壁；送料底板5在第二工位时，前顶推件191的后端顶抵送料底板5的前壁。 The switching mechanism includes a spiro provided on the front of the chassis 1 pusher 191 and the rear pusher 192; feeding plate 5 when the first station after pushing against the front end of the top member 192 of the rear wall of the bottom plate 5 of the feed; Feeding plate 5 at the second station, the front pushing against the rear end 191 of the top floor of the front wall 5 of the feed. 所述前定位件171、 后定位件172、前顶推件191和后顶推件192都是螺钉。 The front positioning member 171, after positioning member 172, the front and rear pusher 191 is pusher 192 screws.
 上述所述的长U弯管机的送料装置，包括机架1、送料底板5和送料路径，送料底板上设有第一传送带机构、第二传送带机构、驱动机构和夹紧机构；第一传送带机构包括第一输送带21、第一主动送料轮22和第一从动送料轮23，第一主动送料轮22和第一从动送料轮23枢设在送料底板5的支架10上，第一输送带21绕在第一主动送料轮22和第一从动送料轮23上；第二传送带机构包括第二输送带31、第二主动送料轮32和第二从动送料轮33，第二主动送料轮32和第二从动送料轮33枢设在送料底板5的支架10上，第二输送带31绕在第二主动送料轮32和第二从动送料轮33上；第一传送带机构和第二传送带机构由驱动机构带动；第一输送带21的一传送面与第二输送带31的一传送面相邻，两个相邻的传送面相互面对且同向等速运动；第一输送带21的外表面上设有至少两条、沿周向布置的、可夹持管材的第一凹槽，第二输送带31的外表面上设有与第一凹槽对应的、沿周向布置的、可夹持管材的第二凹槽，所述第一凹槽包括小管径第一凹槽211和大管径第一凹槽212，所述第二凹槽包括小管径第二凹槽311和大管径第二凹槽312，小管径第一凹槽211与小管径第二凹槽311对应形成一小管径送料通道，大管径第一凹槽212与大管径第二凹槽312对应形成一大管径送料通道，夹紧机构驱使两个相邻的传送面相互靠近；机架1上设有上述所述的导向机构和定位机构，送料底板5通过导向机构滑移而使各送料通道轮流与送料路径对准，定位机构将送料底板5锁定在机架1上而使设定的送料通道与送料路径保持对齐。  Long U bender above said feed device comprises a frame 1, the feed chassis 5 and the feed path, the feed conveyor mechanism with a first floor, the second conveyor belt mechanism, drive mechanism and the clamping mechanism; The first mechanism includes a first conveyor belt 21, the first driving feed rollers 22 and the first driven feed rollers 23, the first initiative to feed rollers 22 and the first driven feed wheel 23 is pivoted on the feed plate holder 5 10 The first conveyor 21 about the first initiative to send the feed wheel 22 and the first driven feed rollers 23; the second mechanism includes a second conveyor belt 31, the second driving feed rollers 32 and the second driven feed rollers 33, second drive feed rollers 32 and the second driven feed rollers 33 pivoted on the feed plate 10 of the bracket 5, the second conveyor belt 31 is wound on the second drive feed rollers 32 and the second driven feed rollers 33; first a second conveyor belt means and means driven by the drive mechanism; a first conveyor 21 and the conveying surface adjacent to a surface of the second transfer conveyor 31, two adjacent transfer surfaces facing each other in the same direction and uniform motion ; the outer surface of the first conveyor belt 21 is provided with at least two, arranged in the circumferential direction, the first groove can clamp the pipe, the outer surface of the second conveyor belt 31 is provided with a corresponding first recess The second recess circumferentially arranged, can clamp the pipe, said first recess comprises a first recess 211 and the small diameter large diameter first recess 212 and the second recess including small diameter second recess 311 and second recess 312 large diameter and small diameter of the first recess 211 and the small diameter of the second recess 311 formed corresponding to a small diameter feed channel, large diameter first recess 212 and 312 corresponding to the large diameter of the second recess to form a large diameter feed channel, the clamping mechanism driven by two adjacent conveying surface close to each other; provided above said guide mechanism and positioning mechanism on the frame 1, the feed 5 floor slip through the guide means leaving each feed channel in turn aligned with the feed path, the feed plate positioning mechanism 5 to lock the rack 1 leaving the set feed channels and feed path to maintain alignment.
 上述驱动机构包括电机11、减速器12、主动传动轮13、传动带、从动传动轮14、传动轴15、传动齿轮16、第一送料齿轮221和第二送料齿轮321，电机11和减速器12固定在机架1上，传动齿轮16通过传动轴15枢设在机架1上，电机11的输出轴与减速器12的输入轴联接，主动传动轮13固定在减带器12的输出轴，传动带绕在主动传动轮13和从动传动轮14上，从动传动轮14固定在传动轴15，传动齿轮16与第一送料齿轮221啮合，第一送料齿轮221与第二送料齿轮321啮合，第一送料齿轮221固定在第一主动送料轮22的枢轴上，第二送料齿轮321固定在第二主动送料轮32的枢轴上。  The drive mechanism includes a motor 11, speed reducer 12, the active drive wheel 13, belt, driven transmission wheel 14, shaft 15, transmission gear 16, the first feed gear 221 and the second feed gear 321, the motor 11, and reducer 12 is fixed to the frame 1, the driving gear 16 through the shaft 15 is pivoted on the frame 1, the output shaft of the motor 11 and the reduction gear input shaft coupling 12, active drive wheel 13 is fixed with minus 12 the output shaft, the belt wound around the drive wheel 13 and the driven initiative drive wheel 14, the driven gear wheel 14 is fixed to the drive shaft 15, drive gear 16 meshing with the first 221 feed gear, the first feed gear 221 and the second feed gear 321 engages the first feeding gear 221 is fixed to the first drive feed rollers 22 pivot, a second feeding gear 321 is fixed to the second active feed rollers 32 pivot.
 上述第一主动送料轮22、第一从动送料轮23、第二主动送料轮32和第二从动送料轮33的轴线是水平的，第二输送带31位于第一输送带21上方。  feeding said first drive wheel 22, the first driven feeding wheel 23, the second active feeding wheel 32 and the second driven wheel feed axis 33 is horizontal, the second belt conveyor 31 is located in the first 21 above. 上述夹紧机构包括固定夹块41、活动夹块42、导向件和夹紧气缸43，固定夹块41固定在支架10上并位于两个相邻的传送面的下方，活动夹块42位于两个相邻的传送面的上方，活动夹块42在导向件的作用下沿上下方向滑移，夹紧气缸43固定在支架10上，夹紧气缸43的活塞杆向下延伸并与活动夹块42固定联接。 Said clamping means comprises a fixed clamp block 41, active clamp block 42, the guide member 43 and a clamping cylinder, a fixed clamp block 41 fixed to the bracket 10 and located between two adjacent conveying surface beneath, clamp block 42 is located in the two activities a top surface of the adjoining conveyor for clamping block 42 sliding along the vertical direction by the guide member, the clamping cylinder 43 fixed to the bracket 10, the clamping cylinder piston rod 43 extends downward and the movable gripper block 42 fixed connection.
 上述导向件是固定在支架10上的导向块101，导向块101与支架10之间形成导槽，活动夹块42从导槽中穿过；上述导向件还包括固定在活动夹块42顶部的导向销钉421，支架10上设有销钉孔，导向销钉421穿过销钉孔。  said guide member is fixed to the bracket 10 of the guide block 101, a guide groove is formed between the bracket 10 and the guide block 101, the active clamp block 42 through the guide groove; said guide member further comprises a block fixed to the movable grip the guide pin 42 of the 421 top with pin holes on the bracket 10, the guide pin 421 passes through the pin hole.
 以上仅是对本发明中的一具体实施例加以说明，凡是按照本发明中的设计理念所做出的等效变换或修饰，均应认为落入本发明的保护范围。  These are only to be illustrative of the present invention to a specific embodiment, all in accordance with the present invention, the design concept made equivalent transformation or modification shall be deemed to fall within the scope of the present invention.
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