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Publication numberCN102110336 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 201110047366
Publication date17 Oct 2012
Filing date28 Feb 2011
Priority date28 Feb 2011
Also published asCN102110336A
Publication number201110047366.0, CN 102110336 B, CN 102110336B, CN 201110047366, CN-B-102110336, CN102110336 B, CN102110336B, CN201110047366, CN201110047366.0
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Deaf-mute doorbell additional device
CN 102110336 B
The invention belongs to the technical field of electronic control, relates to a deaf-mute doorbell additional device. The device consists of an ordinary doorbell interface circuit, a photoelectric coupler G1, a photoelectric signal amplifying circuit, a bidirectional triode thyristor BT, a trigger circuit, an incandescent light bulb HL and a mains supply power source (AC) and is characterized inthat: the two ends of an audio output piezoelectric ceramic chip in an ordinary doorbell are connected with the input end of the photoelectric coupler G1; and the receiving end of the photoelectric coupler G1 is connected with the photoelectric signal amplifying circuit. For a deaf disabled person, a deaf master can difficultly respond to sound emitted by the ordinary doorbell in time when a guest pays a visit. According to the characteristic that a deaf-mute person suffers from dysaudia, a control circuit with the incandescent light bulb which twinkles along with the sounding rhythm of the doorbell is arranged on the ordinary doorbell, so that the deaf-mute person can easily perceive. In the device, a simple interface is arranged on the shell of the ordinary doorbell, and a set of circuit for controlling the twinkling of the incandescent light bulb is also arranged additionally.
Claims(1)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种聋哑门铃的附加装置,它由普通门铃接口电路、光电耦合器G1、光电信号放大电路、双向可控硅BT及触发电路、白炽灯泡HL、市电电源(AC)组成,其特征是: 普通门铃接口电路由普通门铃、电解电容Cl、光电耦合器Gl的输入端组成,光电耦合器Gl选用的型号为4N25或4N26,普通门铃中的压电陶瓷片的一端接电解电容Cl的正极,电解电容Cl的负极接光电耦合器Gl的第I脚,普通门铃中的压电陶瓷片的另一端接光电耦合器Gl的第2脚; 光电信号放大电路由光电耦合器Gl的接收端、电阻Rl、PNP型晶体管BGl、电阻R2、电解电容C2、硅整流二极管Dl组成,光电耦合器Gl的第5脚串接电阻Rl后接PNP型晶体管BGl的基极,PNP型晶体管BGl的集电极串接电阻R2后接电解电容C2正极,电解电容C2的负极接光电耦合器Gl的第4脚和市电电源(AC)的零线端(N),PNP型晶体管BGl的发射极接整流二极管Dl的负极,整流二极管Dl的正极接市电电源(AC)的火线端(L); 双向可控硅BT及其触发电路中的双向可控硅BT的控制极(G)串接电阻R3后接电解电容C2的正极,双向可控硅BT的第一阳极(Tl)串接白炽灯泡HL后接市电电源(AC)的火线端(L),双向可控硅BT的第二阳极(T2)接市电电源(AC)的零线端(N)。 A deaf doorbell additional device, which consists of ordinary doorbell interface circuits, optocouplers G1, photoelectric signal amplification circuit, triac BT and trigger circuit, incandescent bulbs HL, mains (AC), whose characterized in that: the interface circuit from the common ordinary doorbell doorbell, electrolytic capacitors Cl, Gl optocoupler input of the composition, optocouplers Gl chosen model 4N25 or 4N26, ordinary doorbell piezoelectric ceramic sheets one end of the electrolytic capacitor Cl The positive electrode, a negative electrode connected electrolytic capacitors Cl optocouplers Gl I of feet, ordinary doorbell of piezoelectric ceramics optocouplers Gl other end of the second leg; photoelectric signal amplifying circuit by the optical coupler receives Gl end, resistor Rl, PNP type transistor BGl, resistors R2, electrolytic capacitors C2, silicon rectifier diodes Dl composition, after a first photocoupler 5 feet Gl series resistor Rl connected PNP transistor BGl base, PNP type transistor of BGl After the collector series resistor R2 then the positive electrolytic capacitors C2, electrolytic capacitor C2 is negative then optocouplers Gl of 4 feet and the mains power supply (AC) of the zero line terminal (N), PNP transistor emitter connected BGl rectifier diode Dl anode, cathode connected to the rectifier diode Dl mains (AC) FireWire terminal (L); triac trigger circuit BT and BT triac control electrode (G) series resistance After receiving positive R3 electrolytic capacitor C2, the triac BT's first anode (Tl) after a series of incandescent bulbs HL connected mains (AC) FireWire terminal (L), the triac BT's second anode (T2) connected to the mains power supply (AC) of the zero line terminal (N).
Description  translated from Chinese

聋哑门铃的附加装置 Additional equipment for the deaf doorbell

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明属于电子控制技术领域,涉及一种聋哑门铃的附加装置。 [0001] The present invention pertains to an additional means of electronic control technology, involving a deaf doorbell.

背景技术 Background

[0002]目前,全国耳朵失聪的聋哑人大约有400多万人。 [0002] Currently, the national deaf deaf about 400 million people. 针对失聪的残疾人来说,当有客人拜访时,普通门铃发出音响很难让失聪的主人及时作出反应。 For deaf people with disabilities, when the guests visit, the ordinary doorbell audible difficult for deaf master timely response. 那么研究、设计和制作一种无障碍适合聋哑人使用的门铃就显得非常有必要。 So the research, design and production of a doorbell accessibility for deaf people to use it is very necessary.

[0003] 由于聋哑人听力存在障碍,在家中对门外的客人来访普通门铃很难察觉。 [0003] Due to the presence of the deaf hearing impairment, home visiting guests outside the ordinary doorbell difficult to detect. 根据听力存在障碍人的共同特点,拟在普通门铃上加装一套容易被聋哑人眼睛容易察觉的控制电路,利用白炽灯泡闪烁的方式是一种较好的解决方案,就是在普通门铃外壳上增加一个简单接口,再附加能够让白炽灯泡点亮或闪烁的控制电路。 The hearing is the common characteristic of obstacles, to be installed on an ordinary doorbell easy to perceive a deaf eye control circuit, the use of incandescent light bulbs flashing mode is a better solution easily, that is, ordinary doorbell housing adds a simple interface that allows an incandescent bulb and then add on or flashing control circuit.

[0004] 为有效解决这方面的技术问题,在不改变原有普通门铃电路和结构的基础上,经过多种方案试验、分析和比较,用少量分立元器件实现了预期目的。 [0004] To effectively solve technical problems in this area, without changing the ordinary doorbell circuit and structure, based on a variety of programs through testing, analysis and comparison, with a small number of discrete components to achieve the desired purpose.

[0005] 本发明所述的这种聋哑门铃的附加装置主要有下述多种实际用途,以下详细说明这种聋哑门铃的附加装置制作的相关技术。 Additional devices such deaf doorbell [0005] The present invention mainly has the following various practical purposes, the following detailed description of this device for the deaf doorbell additional production related technologies.


[0006] 发明目的及有益效果 [0006] The object of the invention and the beneficial effects

[0007] 针对失聪的残疾人来说,当有客人拜访时普通门铃发出音响很难让失聪的主人及时作出反应。 [0007] For deaf people with disabilities, when the guests to visit ordinary doorbell audible difficult for deaf owner of a timely response. 根据聋哑人听力存在障碍的特点,在普通门铃上加装一种随门铃发声节奏闪烁的白炽灯泡,使聋哑人的眼睛很容易察觉的灯光控制电路。 According to the characteristics of deaf hearing obstacles in the installation of an ordinary doorbell doorbell sound with rhythm flashing incandescent bulbs, so it is easy to perceive deaf eyes lighting control circuit. 具体就是在普通门铃外壳上增加一个简单接口,再附加一套控制白炽灯泡闪烁的电路。 Concrete is an increase in the general case a simple interface to the doorbell, and then add a control circuit flashing incandescent bulbs.

[0008] 技术特征:聋哑门铃的附加装置,由普通门铃接口电路、光电耦合器G1、光电信号放大电路、双向可控硅BT及触发电路、白炽灯泡HL、市电电源(AC)组成,其特征是:普通门铃中的音频输出压电陶瓷片的两端接在光电耦合器Gl的输入端,光电耦合器Gl的接收端接有光电信号放大电路。 [0008] The technical features: Additional equipment deaf doorbell by ordinary doorbell interface circuits, optocouplers G1, photoelectric signal amplification circuit, triac BT and trigger circuit, incandescent bulbs HL, mains (AC) composition, characterized in that: both ends of the common doorbell audio output of the piezoelectric ceramic plate connected to the input of the optocoupler Gl, Gl photocoupler receiving end has a photoelectric signal amplifying circuit.

[0009] 其他部分电路中元器件相互之间的连接关系 [0009] The connection between components between each other part of the circuit

[0010] I.普通门铃接口电路:由普通门铃电解电容Cl、光电耦合器Gl的输入端组成,其特征是:普通门铃中的压电陶瓷片的一端接电解电容Cl的正极,电解电容Cl的负极接光电耦合器Gl的I脚,普通门铃中的压电陶瓷片的另一端接光电耦合器Gl的2脚。 [0010] I. ordinary doorbell interface circuit: the ordinary doorbell electrolytic capacitors Cl, Gl optocoupler input of the composition, characterized in that: a positive one end of the electrolytic capacitor Cl ordinary doorbell of piezoelectric ceramics, electrolytic capacitors Cl The negative pole optocouplers Gl of I foot, ordinary doorbell of piezoelectric ceramics other end optocouplers Gl 2 feet.

[0011] 2.光电信号放大电路:由光电耦合器Gl的接收端、电阻Rl、PNP型晶体管BGl、i阻R2、电解电容C2、硅整流二极管Dl组成,光电耦合器Gl的5脚串接电阻Rl后接PNP型晶体管BGl的基极,PNP型晶体管BGl的集电极串接电阻R2后接电解电容C2极,电解电容C2的负极同接光电耦合器Gl的4脚和市电电源的零线端(N),PNP型晶体管BGl的发射极接整流二极管Dl的负极。 [0011] 2. Optical signal amplifier circuit: the receiving end from the optocoupler Gl, the resistance Rl, PNP transistor BGl, i resistor R2, electrolytic capacitors C2, composed of silicon rectifier diode Dl, Gl optocoupler 5 feet series After resistance Rl connected PNP transistor BGl base, after BGl collector PNP transistor series resistance R2 connected electrolytic capacitors C2 pole, electrolytic capacitor C2 is connected to the negative electrode with optocouplers Gl 4 feet and mains zero terminals (N), PNP transistor emitter connected to the negative BGl rectifier diode Dl of.

[0012] 3.双向可控硅BT及其触发电路:由双向可控硅BT、电阻R3、白炽灯泡HL和市电电源(AC)组成,其特征是:双向可控硅BT的控制极(G)串接电阻R3后接电解电容C2的正极,双向可控硅(BT)的第一阳极(Tl)串接白炽灯泡HL后接市电电源的火线端(L),双向可控硅BT的第二阳极(T2)接市电电源的零线端(N)。 [0012] 3. The triac BT and trigger circuit: the triac BT, resistors R3, incandescent bulbs HL and mains (AC), whose features are: BT triac control electrode ( G) the positive terminal of the electrolytic capacitor C2 via a resistor R3, triac (BT) in the first anode (Tl) after a series of incandescent bulbs HL FireWire connection mains supply terminals (L), the triac BT The second anode (T2) connected to the mains supply zero line side (N).

[0013] 工作原理:普通门铃外面的接口电路如附图所示。 [0013] Principle: ordinary doorbell outside interface circuit as shown in the drawings. 门铃可采用普通音乐或“叮咚”电子门铃。 Music can be an ordinary doorbell or "ding-dong" electronic doorbell. 当有客人来访时,按动按钮开关AN时,则门铃中压电陶瓷片会发声,此时音频电压通过箭头经电解电容Cl输入至光电耦合器Gl,光电耦合器Gl的光电三极管会导通,于是晶体管BGl亦导通,随之电解电容C2通过晶体管BGl的集电极、电阻R2后,对电解电容C2进行充电,电解电容C2两端的电压逐渐上升,当电解电容C2上升电压达到双向可控硅BT的触发电压值时,则双向可控硅BT触发导通使白炽灯泡HL得电点亮,并且白炽灯泡HL随着门铃发声的强度和节奏而闪烁。 When a visitor, the time press the button switch AN, the bell will sound in piezoelectric ceramics, this time by the audio voltage turns on the phototransistor arrow through the electrolytic capacitor Cl input to optocoupler Gl, Gl of optocoupler , and the transistor BGl also turns on, the electrolytic capacitor C2 through the transistor collector BGl, after resistance R2, electrolytic capacitor C2 is charged, the voltage across the capacitor C2 gradually rises electrolysis, electrolytic capacitor C2 rises when voltage reaches triac When the trigger voltage silicon BT, the BT trigger triac conduction make incandescent bulbs HL was electric lights and incandescent bulbs HL doorbell sound with the intensity and rhythm and flicker. 由于双向可控硅BT导通后,电解电容C2经电阻R3通过双向可控娃BT的控制极(G)放电有一定的时间。 Due to BT after triac conduction, electrolytic capacitor C2 via resistor R3 pole (G) discharge a certain period of time by way controllable baby BT control. 因此,双向可控娃BT导通会延时、持续一定的时间,在电解电容C2放电完毕后,双向可控硅BT将过零截止,并切断白炽灯泡HL上的市电电源,电路进入无功耗待机状态,等待下次双向可控硅BT的触发。 Therefore, BT turned triac baby will delay for a certain period of time after the electrolytic capacitor C2 is discharged, the zero-crossing triac BT off, and cut off the incandescent bulbs HL mains power circuit into the non- power standby state, waiting for the next trigger triac BT's.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0014] 附图是聋哑门铃的附加装置的电路工作原理图。 [0014] The figures are circuit diagram attachments deaf doorbell.

[0015] 附图中的L、N符号分别表示市电电源(AC)的火线端、市电电源(AC)的零线端。 [0015] drawings of L, N symbols denote the mains (AC) side of the line of fire, mains (AC) side of the zero line.

[0016] 附图中的普通门铃应选用发声元件为压电陶瓷片的成品门铃。 [0016] figures should be used in an ordinary doorbell sound device is a piezoelectric ceramic sheets finished doorbell.


[0017] 按照附图所示聋哑门铃的附加装置的电路工作原理图和附图说明及以下所述的元器件的技术要求进行实施,即可实现本发明。 [0017] The drawings deaf doorbell circuit diagram of additional means and technical requirements of the following description and drawings of the components shown implemented, the present invention can be realized.

[0018] 元器件的选择及其技术参数 [0018] The choice of components and technical parameters

[0019] Gl为三级管型光电耦合器,型号选用4N25或4N26,引脚为5脚; [0019] Gl for the three tube type optocouplers, models use 4N25 or 4N26, pin 5 feet;

[0020] Dl选用1N4004型硅整流二极管; [0020] Dl choose 1N4004 type silicon rectifier diodes;

[0021] BGl选用PNP型2N5401晶体管,封装类型T0-92,电流放大倍数彡200 ; [0021] BGl selection of PNP type 2N5401 transistor, package type T0-92, the current magnification San 200;

[0022] BT为双向可控硅,型号为MLR100-6或BT169D,电压、电流参数是1A/400V ; [0022] BT is triac, model MLR100-6 or BT169D, voltage and current parameters are 1A / 400V;

[0023] 电阻选用1/4W金属膜电阻或碳膜电阻,电阻R1、R3的阻值均为12ΚΩ,电阻R2的阻值为11^、功率2评; [0023] resistance select 1 / 4W metal film resistor or carbon film resistors, resistors R1, R3 resistance are 12ΚΩ, resistor R2 a resistance of 11 ^, power 2 assessment;

[0024] Cl为电解电容,容量为220 μ F/16V。 [0024] Cl is an electrolytic capacitor, a capacity of 220 μ F / 16V. C2为电解电容,容量为100 μ F/160V ; C2 is an electrolytic capacitor, a capacity of 100 μ F / 160V;

[0025] HL为白炽灯泡,功率为15〜60W/220V ; [0025] HL incandescent bulbs, power 15~60W / 220V;

[0026] 电路工作原理图中的门铃应选用发声元件为压电陶瓷片的成品门铃,要求成品门铃中压电陶瓷片两端的音频输出电压> 3V。 [0026] The circuit diagram of the bell sounding element should be used as piezoelectric ceramics finished doorbell, doorbell in the finished product requirements across the piezoelectric ceramics audio output voltage> 3V.

[0027] 制作要点及电路调试 [0027] Production points and circuit debugging

[0028] 可将聋哑门铃的附加装置控制电路输入端制作成为插头,成品门铃中压电陶瓷片的两端接装I只插座,两者的连接采取插接方式,这样组合起来安装、使用会更加方便。 [0028] Additional devices can be deaf doorbell control circuit input production become plugs at both ends of the piezoelectric ceramic doorbell finished tipping I only socket, the connection between the plug take way, so combining installation, use It will be more convenient.

[0029] 聋哑门铃的附加装置电路只要是选用的电子元器件性能完好,按照说明书附图和元器件的连接关系进行焊接,物理连接线及焊接质量经过仔细检查无误后,电路基本不需要调试即可正常工作。 [0029] Additional devices deaf doorbell circuit as long as the choice of electronic components performance intact, according to the connection of the accompanying drawings and components for welding, physical cable and welding quality after careful checks out, the basic need to debug circuit to work properly. [0030] 电路工作原理图中的门铃应选用发声元件为压电陶瓷片的那种成品门铃。 [0030] The circuit diagram of the bell sounding element should be used as piezoelectric ceramics that finished doorbell. 当成品门铃中压电陶瓷片两端的音频输出电压远大于3V时,可在电解电容Cl的任意一端串接I只阻值在100 Ω〜510Ω的电阻进行降压。 When finished doorbell audio output voltage across the piezoelectric ceramic sheet is much greater than 3V, can be cascaded at either end of the electrolytic capacitor Cl I just resistance of the resistor 100 Ω~510Ω steps down.

[0031] 若白炽灯泡(HL)闪烁的亮度不足,可以适当减少电阻R3的阻值,但电阻R3的阻值不得小于为6. 2ΚΩ。 [0031] If the incandescent bulbs (HL) insufficient brightness flicker, can be appropriate to reduce the resistance of the resistor R3, but shall not be less than the resistance of the resistor R3 is 6. 2ΚΩ.

[0032] 电解电容C2通过双向可控硅BT控制极放电会延时、持续一定的时间,电解电容C2的容量越大白炽灯泡HL闪烁的频率越低,闪烁持续的时间就越长,制作中可根据用户实际 [0032] The electrolytic capacitor C2 through the triac gate discharge BT will delay for a certain period of time, the greater the capacity electrolytic capacitor C2 HL incandescent bulbs flashing lower frequency, longer blinking duration, production According to the user's actual

需要进行调整。 We need to be adjusted.

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International ClassificationG08B7/06
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