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Publication numberCN101586580 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 200910203096
Publication date14 Dec 2011
Filing date19 May 2009
Priority date19 May 2008
Also published asCN101586580A, US8360729, US9266166, US20090285687, US20130104356
Publication number200910203096.0, CN 101586580 B, CN 101586580B, CN 200910203096, CN-B-101586580, CN101586580 B, CN101586580B, CN200910203096, CN200910203096.0
Inventors寺前俊哉, 林幸志, 柳原一智, 片冈亮一, 谷上哲也
Applicant株式会社日立工业设备技术
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
叶片、叶轮、涡轮流体机械、叶片的制造方法以及制造装置 Blades, impellers, turbine fluid machine, manufacture, and manufacturing method of the blade means translated from Chinese
CN 101586580 B
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明公开了一种不使用专用的金属模,提供用于涡轮流体机械的叶轮的叶片及其制造装置以及叶片的制造方法。 The present invention discloses a method without using a dedicated mold, provided for the turbine blades of the impeller and the fluid machine apparatus and a method of manufacturing the blade. 本发明中,具有推出部的冲头具备以在材料的板厚程度的一定间隔相对的状态下被安装的冲头支撑件,冲头支撑件通过能够围绕第二滑块移动方旋转的第二旋转机构被安装在第二滑块,冲模通过第一旋转机构,安装在上述第一滑块上,使用由执行器控制两旋转机构的旋转角度的制造装置,在叶片的材料上形成多个鞍形补片,构成叶片。 The second of the present invention, having a punch-out portion is provided with a punch to the support member in the thickness of the material of the degree of spaced opposite the mounted state, the support member by a punch capable of rotating around the second moving direction of the slider the rotation mechanism is mounted on a second slider by a first punch rotating mechanism, mounted on said first slide, using the apparatus manufactured by the actuator control both the rotation angle of the rotation mechanism, a plurality of the saddle on the blade material shaped patch form leaves.
Claims(15)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种叶片,其是接合在以可旋转的状态安装在涡轮流体机械上使用的叶轮的凸台和护罩之间或者接合在凸台上,从而构成叶轮的叶片,其特征在于,上述叶片的叶片面由通过局部的加工构成的多个鞍形的补片构成,上述叶片面的弯曲角具有正值或负值,以上述鞍形的补片彼此不相邻的方式,在所述鞍形的补片之间配置大致平面的补片或以边界线为母线的圆锥面的补片。 1. A blade, which is rotatably engaged between the installed state of the turbine impeller of the fluid machine used and the shroud or projections engaging in bosses, so as to constitute the impeller blades, characterized in that said the blade surface of the blade by a plurality of saddle-shaped patch formed by locally machining configuration, the bending angle of the blade surfaces having a positive or negative, to the saddle-shaped patch manner not adjacent to each other, in the Configuring patch generally planar boundary line or bus between the conical surface patch saddle patch.
2.如权利要求1所述的叶片,其特征在于,上述叶片的叶片面由具有大致直线的边界的多个鞍形的补片形成。 2. The blade according to claim 1, characterized in that the blade surface of the blade is formed by a plurality of saddle-shaped patch has a generally straight boundary.
3.如权利要求1所述的叶片,其特征在于,上述叶片的叶片面由具有曲线的边界的多个鞍形的补片形成。 3. The blade according to claim 1, characterized in that the blade surface of the blade is formed by a saddle having a plurality of curved boundaries of the patch.
4.如权利要求1至3中的任一项所述的叶片,其特征在于,上述鞍形的补片形成一个以上凹部或者凸部,而且上述凹部或者凸部形成在上述叶片的端部。 A blade according to any 1-3 claim 4., characterized in that the saddle-shaped patch forming one or more recesses or protrusions, and the concave portion or convex portion formed at an end portion of the blade.
5 一种叶轮,其是通过将叶片接合在以可旋转的状态安装在涡轮流体机械上使用的叶轮的凸台和护罩之间或者凸台上而构成的叶轮,其特征在于,作为上述叶片具备权利要求1 至4中的任一项所述的叶片。 An impeller 5, which is produced by the impeller vanes rotatably engaged between the installed state of the turbine impeller of the fluid machine used boss or bosses and the shroud constituted, characterized in that, as the blade A blade according to any one of 1 to 4 with the claims.
6.如权利要求5所述的叶轮,其特征在于,在上述叶片形成凹部或者凸部,在上述凸台上形成在上述叶片的安装位置与上述叶片的凹部或者凸部嵌合的凸部或者凹部。 6. An impeller according to claim 5, characterized in that the blade is formed in the concave portion or convex portion formed in said bosses at the mounting position of the blade with the blade of the fitting concave portions or convex portions or convex portions recess.
7. 一种涡轮流体机械,其是使用了通过将叶片接合在以可旋转的状态安装使用的叶轮的凸台和护罩之间或者凸台上而构成的叶轮的涡轮流体机械,其特征在于,作为上述叶轮具备权利要求5或6所述的叶轮。 A turbo fluid machine, which is the use of a turbine impeller blades fluid machine by the engagement between a rotatable state with the installation of the impeller and the shroud projections or bosses are constituted, characterized in that 5 or 6 wherein the impeller, said impeller has a claim.
8. —种如权利要求1-4中任一项所述的叶片的制造方法,其是在制造涡轮流体机械在可旋转的状态所具备的叶轮时,通过对金属板的材料进行局部的加工形成多个鞍形补片的叶片的制造方法,其特征在于,由直线线素在上述叶片的材料上面定义上述鞍形补片的各边界,使用至少具备一组推出部为直线状并且相对的冲头的冲头支撑件和在一部分夹入上述叶片的材料进行限制的冲模,针对上述线素中相邻的两个线素,使上述冲头的边缘与第一线素平行地吻合,并且使上述冲模的冲模肩部的边缘与第二线素平行地吻合,成为限制了上述材料的状态,通过在包括上述第一线素的、与上述材料垂直的平面内使上述冲头的组倾斜规定量,同时在上述材料的垂直方向施加规定的行程,由此在上述第一线素和第二线素之间形成鞍形,以后,在所有或者一部分的相邻线素之间依次形成鞍形,将上述材料成型为希望的叶片形状。 8. - species, such as when the blade production method according to any one of claims 1-4, which is in the manufacture of a turbine in fluid machine includes a rotatable impeller state, the metal plate material by locally machining The method of manufacturing a plurality of saddle-shaped patches forming blade, characterized in that the elements define each boundary of the saddle-shaped patch by straight lines in the top of the blade material, using a set of at least a portion of the launch and the opposing linear punch punch support member and a portion of the blade material sandwiched restricting die for the wire elements in two adjacent line element, so that the edge of the punch line element in parallel with the first match, and the edges of the die so that the die shoulder in parallel with the second line element coincide, a limitation of the state of these materials, through the first line comprising said pigment, and a plane perpendicular to the above materials so that the punch is inclined a predetermined group amount, while applying the provisions of the above materials in the vertical direction of the trip, thus between the first line and second line elements formed plain saddle, later, between all or part of the adjacent line elements are sequentially formed saddle, The above material is formed into a desired shape blade.
9. 一种如权利要求1-4中任一项所述的叶片的制造方法,其是在制造涡轮流体机械在可旋转的状态所具备的叶轮时,通过对金属板的材料进行局部的加工形成多个鞍形补片的叶片的制造方法,其特征在于,由直线线素在上述叶片的材料上面定义上述鞍形补片的各边界,使用分别在上下具备两个辊的第一、第二、第三辊支撑件,针对连续的三个线素,以在使上述第一、 第二、第三辊支撑件的辊的轴分别与第一、第二、第三线素平行地吻合的状态下,驱动上述第一、第二、第三辊支撑件的任意的辊以运送材料时,虽然总是与通过上述辊的线素平行地接触,但通过第一辊时的线和通过第一辊以前的线素的位置关系以成为设计形状的线素的位置关系的方式来调整上述第一、第二、第三辊支撑件的相对的位置关系,据此,连续地形成鞍形,将上述材料成型为希望的叶片形状。 9. A method of manufacturing a blade as claimed in one of the claims 1 to 4, which is in the manufacture of a turbine in fluid machine includes a rotatable impeller state, the metal plate material by locally machining Manufacturing method of forming a plurality of saddle-shaped patch blades, wherein each pixel is defined boundaries of the saddle-shaped patch by straight lines in the top of the blade material, with the use of both the upper and lower rollers respectively in a first, first Second, the third roller support member, for three consecutive line elements, with the first, second, third line element in parallel to the above-mentioned agreement, respectively first, second, third roller support roller shaft Under the state, when the driving roller of any of the first, second, third roller support member to transport material, although always in contact with the prime parallel line through the roller, but by the time line and the first roller by the first the positional relationship between the way the previous line element of the positional relationship between the shape of the line to become the design elements of a roller to adjust the first, second, third roller support member relative positional relationship, whereby continuously formed saddle, The above material is formed into a desired shape blade.
10. 一种如权利要求1-4中任一项所述的叶片的制造方法,其是在制造涡轮流体机械在可旋转的状态所具备的叶轮时,通过对金属板的材料进行局部的加工形成鞍形补片的叶片的制造方法,其特征在于,由曲线在上述叶片的材料上面定义上述鞍形补片的各边界,使用上下相对地配置了在能够将多个球头状冲头在高度方向移动的状态下多根排列在上述叶片的材料宽度方向的冲头列的多点冲压装置,在第一工序使上述材料与上述上下的冲头列的相对头部接触并进行保持,在第二工序使上述冲头列的高度位移,在材料的一部分上形成边界为曲线的鞍形补片,在第三工序,扩大上述冲头列的相对头部的间隔,开放上述材料,以后, 反复上述第一〜三工序,在材料整体依次形成鞍形补片,将上述材料成型为希望的叶片形状。 10. A method of manufacturing a blade as claimed in one of the claims 1 to 4, which is in the manufacture of a turbine in fluid machine includes a rotatable impeller state, the metal plate material by locally machining The method of manufacturing a saddle-shaped patch of blades, wherein each boundary defined by the curve of the saddle-shaped patch on top of the blade material, the use of relatively vertically arranged in a plurality of ball-shaped head capable of punches in height direction under the state of a plurality of materials arranged in the width direction of the blade of the multi-column punch press device, in a first step so that said material is in contact with said upper and lower punches opposite the head of the column and kept in The second step so that the punch column height displacement boundary curve saddle patch formed on a portion of the material in the third step, the expansion of the punch relative to the head of the column spacing, open the above-mentioned materials, later, repeating the first to third step are sequentially formed in the material as a whole saddle patch, the above material is formed into a desired shape blade.
11.如权利要求8至10中的任一项所述的叶片的制造方法,是在制造涡轮流体机械在可旋转的状态所具备的叶轮时,通过对金属板的材料进行局部的加工形成鞍形补片的叶片的制造方法,其特征在于,在成型上述叶片时,针对叶片面的一部分,使用三维总金属模进行冲压成型。 11. A manufacturing method of the blade as claimed in any of 8-10 claims, wherein the fluid machine is in the manufacture of a turbine in a rotatable state with the impeller, through the metal plate material locally processed to form a saddle The method of producing the patch-shaped blade, characterized in that, during molding of the blade, the blade surface part for, using total three-dimensional mold stamping molding.
12.如权利要求11所述的叶片的制造方法,其特征在于,上述金属模具备凹部或者凸部,在使预先形成于上述叶片材料上的凹部或者凸部嵌入到上述金属模的凹部或者凸部的状态下,进行冲压成型。 12. The method of manufacturing a blade 11 according to claim, characterized in that said mold includes a recess or protrusion portions, when the pre-formed on the blade material recesses or protrusions fitted into the mold recesses or protrusions the state portion, press-molding.
13. —种如权利要求1-4中任一项所述的叶片的制造装置,其是通过金属板状的材料的塑性变形制作可旋转地安装在涡轮流体机械上使用的叶轮的叶片的制造装置,其特征在于,具备:能够独立位移加压的至少第一和第二滑块;通过上述第一滑块的加压限制材料的冲模;在抓住从上述冲模突出的材料的状态下,通过上述第二滑块的位移施加变形的冲头;通过第一旋转机构安装在上述第二滑块,对上述冲头施加纵向的倾斜的冲头支撑件;使上述冲模和冲头相对地在水平方向倾斜的第二旋转机构;以及控制上述第一旋转机构和第二旋转机构的旋转角度的执行器,上述第一旋转机构和第二旋转机构的旋转轴以相互大致正交的方式配置,通过基于上述第一和第二滑块以及上述执行器的控制的上述冲模和冲头的位移和倾斜,对材料添加规定的变形。 13. - species, such as blade manufacturing apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 4, which is installed on a turbine manufactured using fluid machine blade impeller made by plastic deformation of a metal plate-like material rotatably apparatus comprising: independently - at least first and second displacement slide pressurized; die material restrictions by pressing the first slider; seize material protruding from the die under a state applying deformed by the displacement of the second slide punch; by a first rotating mechanism mounted on said second slider, applied longitudinally inclined support member to punch said punch; the above-mentioned die and the punch relative to The second rotation mechanism is inclined in the horizontal direction; and a first actuator controls the rotation mechanism and the second rotation mechanism of the rotation angle of the first rotation mechanism and the rotary shaft to the second rotating mechanism is disposed substantially perpendicular to each other , based on the displacement and tilt through the die and the punch of the first and second sliders and said actuator is controlled by adding a predetermined deformation of the material.
14. 一种如权利要求1-4中任一项所述的叶片的制造装置,其是通过金属板的材料的塑性变形制作可旋转地安装在涡轮流体机械上使用的叶轮的叶片的制造装置,其特征在于,具备:分别支撑有夹着材料旋转的一对辊的第一、第二、第三辊支撑件; 驱动第一辊支撑件的辊;运送材料的运送部;以及安装有上述第一、第二、第三辊支撑件和上述运送部的框架,上述第一、第二、第三辊支撑件的至少一个辊支撑件为了对上述材料的板面施加变形,通过相对于剩余的辊支撑件位移的位移机构安装在上述框架,上述位移机构由纵的旋转轴和横的旋转轴构成。 14. A manufacturing apparatus as claimed in claim blade according to any one of 1-4, which is a manufacturing apparatus installed in a fluid machine using the turbine impeller blades produced by plastic deformation of the metal plate material rotatably characterized by comprising: respectively sandwiched material is supported in a pair of rollers rotating in the first, second, third roller support member; driving the first roll support rollers; conveying portion conveying material; and attached to the above-described first, second, third frame member and said conveying roller support portion, said first, second, third roller support member at least one roller supporting member in order to exert deformation on the surface of the plate material, by relative remaining The displacement of the roll support member mounted on said frame displacement mechanism, said displacement mechanism comprises a longitudinal axis and the transverse axis of rotation of the composition.
15. 一种如权利要求1-4中任一项所述的叶片的制造装置,其是通过板状的金属材料的塑性变形制作可旋转地安装在涡轮流体机械上使用的叶轮的叶片的制造装置,其特征在于,具备:具有能够位移加压的至少一个滑块的冲压机构、能够上下移动地支撑多个球头状冲头的冲头列、和受到加压控制并限制材料的一部分的冲模,上述冲头列由在材料的宽度方向排列的多个下冲头列和根数与上述下冲头列相等的上冲头列构成,通过上述滑块的加压力,从两面对材料加压,塑性变形。 15. A manufacturing apparatus as claimed in claim blade according to any one of 1-4, which is installed on the turbine manufactured using fluid machine blade impeller made by plastic deformation of the plate-like metal material is rotatably apparatus comprising: a possible displacement of at least one slider pressurizing press agency, can move up and down supporting a plurality of ball-shaped punch punch column, and by the pressure control and limiting material part die, the punch by a punch in a number on the column width direction of the material are arranged at the head of columns and the number of columns and said lower punch punch equal column constituted by adding the pressure of the slider from the two face material pressing, plastic deformation.
Description  translated from Chinese

叶片、叶轮、涡轮流体机械、叶片的制造方法以及制造装置 Blades, impellers, turbine fluid machine, manufacture, and manufacturing method of the blade means

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明涉及将例如水等液体作为工作流体的涡轮形流体机械的叶轮以及用于它的叶片、叶轮的制造方法以及叶轮的制造装置,特别是涉及与形式以及流体的种类无关,基于使叶轮板金工加工化的廉价的涡轮形流体机械的叶轮的制造方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a liquid such as water as a working fluid, a turbine and an impeller type fluid machine manufacturing apparatus and manufacturing method for its blade impeller, the impeller, particularly to the form and regardless of the type of fluid, based on The method of manufacturing the impeller panel beaters processing of cheap turbo-type fluid machine of the impeller.

背景技术 Background

[0002] 在涡轮流体机械中,除以水等液体作为工作流体的离心泵以外,还包括以空气等气体作为工作流体的离心压缩机。 [0002] than in turbo fluid machines, divided by the liquid such as water as a working fluid pump, further comprising gas such as air as the working fluid of the centrifugal compressor. 这些涡轮流体机械中,作为代表例,有专利文献1(特开平7-167099号公报)所示的涡轮流体机械。 These turbo fluid machine, as a representative example, Patent Document 1 (JP-7-167099 Gazette) turbo fluid machine shown in FIG.

[0003] 针对主要构成要素,例如通过图1说明以水作为工作流体的离心泵的情况。 [0003] For the main components, such as described in the case of water as the working fluid of the centrifugal pump 1 through FIG. 离心泵由叶轮6、7、壳体1、旋转轴2以及电动机(未图示出)等构成。 6 and 7 by the centrifugal pump impeller, the housing 1, the rotary shaft 2 and a motor (not shown) or the like. 其中,叶轮6、7是多片叶片5分别被安装在凸台3和护罩4之间的构造,它通过旋转轴2旋转,据此,赋予流体能量。 Wherein the impeller is a plurality of blades 6 and 7 are respectively mounted on the structure 5 between the projections 4 and the cover 3, through which the rotary shaft 2 is rotated, whereby imparting fluid energy. 即,通过叶轮的旋转,向从吸入口8吸入的水付与离心力,通过安装在叶轮出口的引导叶片,使流体的流动的方向合理化。 That is, by rotation of the impeller, the suction from the suction port 8 and the centrifugal force of the water to pay, through the installation of the guide vanes of the impeller outlet, so that the flow direction of the fluid rationalization.

[0004] 因为离心泵中的轴流泵有效地将泵旋转能变换为流体的运动能,所以,所具备的特长是叶轮的叶片相对于流路方向具有扭转。 [0004] For the axial flow centrifugal pump rotational energy effectively transformed into a moving fluid can, therefore, possess specialty is the impeller blade with respect to the flow direction has reversed.

[0005] 关于离心压缩机,基本的构成要素与离心泵同样,但是,例如如图2所示,有将在凸台3安装了多个叶片5ajb的叶轮6、7安装在同轴2上的多级型,但在该多级型压缩机中,各叶轮的叶片形状不同。 [0005] For centrifugal compressors, centrifugal basic constituents Similarly, however, such as shown in Figure 2, there will be a plurality of mounting bosses 3 5ajb impeller blades 6,7 mounted coaxially 2 Multi-stage type, but in the multistage compressor, each impeller blade shape is different. 特别是用于压缩机的叶片其叶片面由大致直线的线素设计。 In particular for a compressor blade leaf surface by a substantially straight line element design.

[0006] 作为涡轮流体机械的制造方法,就叶轮而言,通过在铸造后进行机械加工来制造。 [0006] As a method for turbo fluid machine, the impeller is concerned, by machining after casting to produce. 另外,在要求高度的叶片形状精度的情况下,也有通过切削加工制造叶轮整体的情况。 In addition, at the request of the height of the blade case shape accuracy, but also the manufacture of the impeller by cutting the overall situation. 再有,在叶轮的叶片为三维扭转形状的情况下,使用了专门对应各叶片的三维总金属模的冲压加工被应用。 Further, in the case of a three-dimensional twist impeller blade shape, using a special metal mold corresponding to the total of each three-dimensional blade press working is applied.

[0007] 针对壳体,使用板金工加工手法,所述板金工加工手法是通过焊接等将冲压加工的钢板性的叶片接合在将钢板辊压成型的内外筒。 [0007] For housing, the use of panel beaters and processing techniques, processing techniques through the panel beaters, sheet steel of the press working such as welding steel roll forming in the inner and outer tube.

[0008] 在现有的涡轮流体机械中,特别是压缩机的叶轮是在锻造后由机械进行切削加工,但是,在大直径零件中,由于材料利用率降低,所以,该对策是制造上的技术课题。 [0008] In the conventional turbo fluid machines, in particular of the impeller of the compressor after forging is performed by the cutting machinery, but, in the large-diameter part, due to the reduced material utilization, therefore, the countermeasure is manufactured on technical issues. 另外, 在板金工加工构造的叶轮的制作中,虽然所使用的是使用了与各叶片相吻合的专用的三维总金属模的冲压成型,但是,在制作成本中金属模费用所占的比例大,是叶轮的板金工加工化的课题。 Further, in the production of panel beaters impeller processing structure, although use is the use of each blade coincides with the total specific three-dimensional mold stamping molding, however, a large cost in the production cost of the metal mold proportion It is the subject of panel beaters impeller machining. 同样的课题也存在于斜流泵的叶轮以及壳体的制作中,要求采用对策。 The same problem also exists in the production of mixed flow impeller and pump housing, require the use of countermeasures.

[0009] 另外,就壳体的制造方法而言,虽然由于引导叶片是替代三维总金属模由板金加工机制作,抑制了金属模费用,但是,在以往的板金加工机中施加三维的扭转在原理上是不可能的,所以,不适合叶轮的制作。 [0009] Further, the manufacturing method of the housing, although alternative since the guide vanes are always three-dimensional mold made by a sheet metal processing machine, the mold cost is suppressed, however, applied to three-dimensional in the conventional sheet metal processing machine reversed in In principle it is impossible, therefore, not suitable for the production of the impeller. 因此,以低成本使叶轮板金工加工化是重要的技术课题。 Thus, at low cost so that the impeller panel beaters processing is an important technical problem.

[0010] 另外,作为叶片的三维成型的课题,还有下述课题。 [0010] In addition, the subject of a three-dimensional shape of the blade, as well as the following topics. 在通过上下模冲压成型具有三维扭转的叶片的情况下,在材料和金属模局部接触的成型初始,由于材料没有被限制在金属模之间,所以容易偏离。 In the case of forming a three-dimensional twisted blade by the upper and lower die stamping, molding material and the initial partial contact with the metal mold, it is limited since the material is not between the metal mold, it is easy to deviate. 因此,在以往的叶片的制作中,预估偏离,使用与最终的叶片相比有富余的材料进行冲压成型,从成型后的材料切出与最终形状的叶片面最接近的区域。 Thus, the production of a conventional blade, the estimated deviation using blade compared with the final surplus material press-molded, the molded material was cut out and the final shape of the blade surface area closest. 但是,海水泵等在特殊环境下使用的叶轮的材料一般高价,抑制材料利用率是课题。 However, the sea water pumps for use in special circumstances impeller materials are generally expensive, suppressing material utilization is the subject. 因此,抑制冲压成型时的材料偏离也是重要的技术课题。 Thus, when press molding suppressing material is an important technical problem deviates. 再有,由于每一片叶片的形状精度不一致而产生叶轮的振动是涡轮流体机械运转时的噪音的原因,叶轮的组装精度极其重要。 Further, since each piece of inconsistent shape precision and vibration of the impeller blades is reason turbo fluid machine noise during operation, the impeller assembly accuracy is extremely important.

[0011] 本发明针对上述的课题,考虑涡轮流体机械的低成本化,以提供叶轮的制造方法以及制造装置和可应用它们的叶片以及叶轮为目的。 [0011] The present invention addresses the above problems, considering the cost of the turbo fluid machine, in order to provide a method and apparatus for manufacturing an impeller and an impeller blades and their application for the purpose. 另外,以提供可高精度成型叶轮的叶片为目的。 Further, in order to provide a high accuracy impeller blades shaped for the purpose.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0012] 为了实现上述的目的,第一发明记载的叶片是接合在以可旋转的状态安装在涡轮流体机械上使用的叶轮的凸台和护罩之间或者凸台上,构成叶轮的叶片,其特征在于,上述叶片的叶片面由通过局部的加工构成的多个鞍形的补片构成,上述叶片面的弯曲角具有正负两者的值。 [0012] In order to achieve the above object, according to the first invention is a blade or bosses engagement between the bosses and the shroud of the impeller rotatably mounted on the turbine fluid state machine used to form the blades of the impeller, wherein the blade surface of the blade by a plurality of saddle-shaped patch formed by locally machining configuration, the bending angle of the blade surface having both positive and negative values.

[0013] 根据该发明,能够实现具备具有要求流体性能的三维扭转的叶片的涡轮流体机械,因为性能与以往相等,同时没有必要使用三维总金属模,所以,能够提供廉价的涡轮流体机械。 [0013] According to the invention, it is possible to achieve with a turbo fluid machine having the desired fluid properties of three-dimensional twist of the blade, because the performance is equal to the past, and there is no need to use for 3D mold, it is possible to provide an inexpensive turbo fluid machine.

[0014] 第二发明记载的叶片,其特征在于,叶片面由具有大致直线的边界的多个鞍形的补片形成。 [0014] blade according to the second invention, characterized in that the blade surface is formed by a plurality of saddle-shaped patch has a generally straight boundary.

[0015] 根据该发明,能够实现具备具有要求流体性能的三维扭转的叶片的涡轮流体机械,因为性能与以往相等,同时没有必要使用三维总金属模,所以,能够提供廉价的涡轮流体机械。 [0015] According to the invention, it is possible to achieve with a turbo fluid machine having the desired fluid properties of three-dimensional twist of the blade, because the performance is equal to the past, and there is no need to use for 3D mold, it is possible to provide an inexpensive turbo fluid machine. 而且,因为鞍形的补片的边界是大致直线,所以,特别是相对于用于涡轮压缩机的由直线线素定义的叶片,没有必要进行设计变更,谋求缩短包括设计程序的制造前置期。 Moreover, because the saddle-shaped patch boundaries are substantially straight, so, especially with respect to the blade defined by a linear line element for a turbine compressor, there is no need for design changes, seeking to shorten manufacturing lead times including the design of the program .

[0016] 第三发明记载的叶片,其特征在于,叶片面由具有曲线的边界的多个鞍形的补片形成。 [0016] blade according to the third invention, characterized in that the blade surface is formed by a plurality of patches having a saddle-shaped boundary curve.

[0017] 根据该发明,能够实现具备具有要求流体性能的三维扭转的叶片的涡轮流体机械,因为没有必要使用三维总金属模,所以,能够提供廉价的涡轮流体机械。 [0017] According to this invention, it is possible to achieve with a turbo fluid machine having the desired properties of the three-dimensional fluid twisted blade, because there is no need to always use a three-dimensional mold, it is possible to provide an inexpensive turbo fluid machine. 而且,因为鞍形的补片的边界是曲线,所以,叶片形状的设计的自由度提高,作为结果,与涡轮流体机械的性能提高相联系。 Further, since the saddle patch boundary curve, so the blade shape to improve the freedom of design, as a result, to improve the performance of the turbine fluid machine linked.

[0018] 第四发明记载的叶片,其特征在于,由至少两个以上鞍形补片形成,而且,以上述鞍形补片彼此不相邻的状态配置,在上述鞍形补片之间配置大致平面的补片或者以上述边界线为母线的圆锥面的补片。 [0018] The blade according to the fourth invention, wherein is formed from at least two saddle-shaped patch, and to the saddle-shaped patch is not adjacent to each other, arranged in the state, between the saddle-shaped patch configuration generally planar patch or to the boundary line bus conical surface of the patch.

[0019] 根据该发明,能够实现具备具有要求流体性能的三维扭转的叶片的涡轮流体机械,而且,通过鞍形的补片配置在影响性能的部分,在与性能和形状不相关的部分应用平面或者圆锥面的补片,成型容易,所以,能够谋求涡轮流体机械的性能提高,并且降低制造成本。 [0019] According to the invention, it is possible to achieve with a turbo fluid machine having the desired fluid properties of three-dimensional twist of the blade, and, through the saddle patch configuration at some of the impact performance in some applications and performance and the shape of the plane irrelevant or a conical surface patch, molding is easy, it is possible to seek to improve the performance of the turbine fluid machine, and reduce the manufacturing cost.

[0020] 第五发明记载的叶片,其特征在于,上述鞍形的补片形成一个以上凹部或者凸部, 而且上述凹部或者凸部形成在上述叶片面的面内方向。 [0020] The blade according to the fifth invention, characterized in that the saddle-shaped patch forming one or more recesses or protrusions and the concave portions or convex portions are formed in the inner surface direction of the blade surface.

[0021] 根据该发明,在通过冲压金属模成型叶轮的叶片的鞍形时,通过与凹凸与叶片的凹部或者凸部相反地形成在金属模上的凹部或者凸部的嵌合进行冲压成型,能够抑制材料的偏离。 [0021] According to this invention, when the metal by press molding the impeller blades saddle by fitting the convex portion or concave portion and the convex portion or concave portion and the convex blade is formed on the contrast of the press-molding mold, deviation from the material can be suppressed. 因此,能够将叶片面高精度地成型为希望的三维扭转形状,与涡轮流体机械的性能提高相联系。 Thus, the blade surface can be accurately formed into a desired three-dimensional shape to reverse, with the turbine fluid mechanical performance increases linked. 另外,因为在叶片的冲压成型中,没有产生材料偏离,所以,能够将最终形状的叶片的展开形状作为材料使用,因此,不需要以往的剪切工序,材料利用率也提高。 Further, since the blade press molding, without departing from the generating material, it is possible to expand the shape of the final shape of the blade as the material used, and therefore, does not require the conventional shearing process, material utilization is also improved.

[0022] 第六发明记载的叶轮是通过将叶片接合在以可旋转的状态安装在涡轮流体机械上使用的叶轮的凸台和护罩之间或者凸台上而构成的叶轮,其特征在于,作为上述叶片具备第一至五发明中的任一项所述的叶片。 [0022] The sixth invention, the impeller is described by the blades of the impeller rotatably engaged between the installed state of the turbine impeller of the fluid machine used boss or bosses and the shroud constituted, characterized in that, As the blade with one of the invention any of the first five leaves.

[0023] 根据该发明,能够实现具备具有要求流体性能的三维扭转的叶轮的涡轮流体机械,因为性能与以往相等,同时没有必要使用三维总金属模,所以,能够提供廉价的涡轮流体机械。 [0023] According to the invention, it is possible to achieve with a turbo fluid machine having the desired fluid properties of three-dimensional twist of the impeller, because past performance is equal, and there is no need to use for 3D mold, it is possible to provide an inexpensive turbo fluid machine.

[0024] 第七发明记载的叶轮,其特征在于,在上述叶片形成凹部或者凸部,在上述凸台上在上述叶片的安装位置形成与上述叶片的凹部或者凸部嵌合的凸部或者凹部。 [0024] The impeller according to the seventh invention, characterized in that the blade is formed in the concave portion or convex portion, in said bosses at the installation position of the blade is formed a convex portion or concave portion and the concave portion or the convex portion of the blade fitted .

[0025] 根据该发明,在第六发明记载的叶轮产生的效果的基础上,在叶轮的制造工序中, 在将多个叶片向叶轮安装时,能够高精度地定位。 [0025] According to the invention, in the sixth invention described impeller effect produced on the manufacturing process of the impeller, when the installation of a plurality of vanes of the impeller, capable of high accuracy. 据此,在叶轮的制造工序中,能够轻易地进行与轮毂的定位,能够极其迅速地组装叶轮。 Accordingly, in the manufacturing process of the impeller can be easily positioned with the hub, the impeller can be assembled extremely quickly. 另外,通过将叶片高精度地安装在叶轮,能够降低叶片的不平衡造成的振动以及与之相伴的噪音。 Further, by mounting the impeller blades with high precision, it is possible to reduce the vibration caused by imbalance of the blade and the accompanying noise.

[0026] 第八发明记载的涡轮流体机械,其特征在于,具备第六或第七发明记载的任意一个叶轮。 [0026] turbo fluid machine according to the eighth invention, characterized in that, with the sixth or the seventh invention according to any one of the impeller.

[0027] 根据该发明,能够廉价地提供具有与要求规格相吻合的性能的涡轮流体机械。 [0027] According to the invention, it is possible to provide an inexpensive and requirements specification consistent performance turbo fluid machine.

[0028] 第九发明记载的制造方法是在制造涡轮流体机械在可旋转的状态所具备的叶轮时,通过对金属板的材料进行局部的加工形成多个鞍形补片的叶片的制造方法,其特征在于,由直线线素在上述叶片的材料上面定义上述鞍形补片的各边界,使用至少具备一组推出部为直线状并且相对的冲头的冲头支撑件和在一部分夹入上述叶片的材料进行限制的冲模,针对上述线素中相邻的两个线素,使上述冲头的边缘与第一线素平行地吻合,并且使上述冲模的冲模肩部的边缘与第二线素平行地吻合,成为限制了上述材料的状态,通过在包括上述第一线素,与上述材料垂直的平面内使上述冲头的组倾斜规定量,同时在上述材料的垂直方向施加规定的行程,在上述第一第二线素之间形成鞍形,以后,在所有或者一部分的相邻线素之间依次形成鞍形,将上述材料成型为希望的叶片形状。 When [0028] the manufacturing method according to a ninth invention, in the manufacture of a turbine in fluid machine includes a rotatable impeller state, through the metal plate material locally saddle manufacturing method of a plurality of blades formed patch, wherein each pixel is defined boundaries of the saddle-shaped patch at the top of the blade material from the straight line, use at least a portion of the introduction of a set of linear and relatively punch punch support member and a part of the above-mentioned sandwich blade material restrictions die for the wire elements in two adjacent line element, so that the edge of the punch with the first line element parallel agreement, and the edge of the die and the second die shoulder line element parallel to the anastomosis, the state becomes the limiting said material comprising said first line by the pixel, and the material within the plane perpendicular to the punch so that a predetermined amount of inclination of the group, while applying a predetermined material in a vertical direction of the stroke, between the first and second line element forming a saddle, then, between all or part of the adjacent line elements are sequentially formed saddle, the above material is formed into a desired shape blade.

[0029] 根据该发明,因为通过单纯的冲头和冲模的组合,能够成型各种各样的叶片形状, 所以,能够谋求提供廉价的涡轮流体机械。 [0029] According to the invention, because by the mere combination of punches and dies of a variety of blade shapes can be molded, it is possible to seek to provide an inexpensive turbo fluid machine.

[0030] 第十发明记载的制造方法是在制造涡轮流体机械在可旋转的状态所具备的叶轮时,通过对金属板的材料进行局部的加工形成多个鞍形补片的叶片的制造方法,其特征在于,由直线线素在上述叶片的材料上面定义上述鞍形补片的各边界,使用在上下具备两个辊的第一、第二、第三辊支撑件,针对连续的三个线素,以在使上述辊支撑件的辊的轴分别与第一、第二、第三线素平行地吻合的状态下,驱动上述辊支撑件的任意的辊,在运送材料时,虽然总是与通过上述辊的线素平行地接触,但通过第一辊时的线和通过第一辊以前的线素的位置关系以成为设计形状的线素的位置关系的方式来调整上述辊支撑件的相对的位置关系,据此,连续地形成鞍形,将上述材料成型为希望的叶片形状。 When [0030] the manufacturing method according to a tenth invention, in the manufacture of a turbine in fluid machine includes a rotatable impeller state, through the metal plate material locally saddle manufacturing method of a plurality of blades formed patch, characterized in that said elements define each boundary patch saddle by straight line above the blade material, used in the first, second, third roller support member has two upper and lower rolls, for three consecutive lines elements, in order to make the roller shaft support member and the lower rollers are respectively first, second and third parallel line element consistent state, the driving roller support member of any of the above rollers, the material at the time of delivery, although always with Prime parallel manner by contacting the roller of the line, but by the time lines of the first roller by a first roller and the positional relationship between the previous pixel line to become the designed shape of the line elements to adjust the relative positional relationship between the roller supporting member The positional relationship, whereby continuously formed saddle, the above material is formed into a desired shape blade.

[0031] 根据该发明,因为能够廉价且大量地成型叶片,所以,能够提供廉价的涡轮流体机械。 [0031] According to the invention, because it can be molded inexpensively and a lot of leaves, it is possible to provide an inexpensive turbo fluid machine. [0032] 第十一发明记载的制造方法是在制造涡轮流体机械在可旋转的状态所具备的叶轮时,通过对金属板的材料进行局部的加工形成鞍形补片的叶片的制造方法,其特征在于, 由曲线在上述叶片的材料上面定义上述鞍形补片的各边界,使用上下相对地配置了在能够将多个球头状冲头在高度方向移动的状态下多根排列在上述叶片的材料宽度方向的冲头列的多点冲压装置,在第一工序使上述材料与上述上下的冲头列的相对头部接触并进行保持,在第二工序使上述冲头列的高度位移,在材料的一部分上形成边界为曲线的鞍形补片, 在第三工序,扩大上述冲头列的相对头部的间隔,开放上述材料,以后,反复上述第一〜三工序,在材料整体依次形成鞍形补片,将上述材料成型为希望的叶片形状。 [0032] The manufacturing method according to an eleventh invention is in the manufacture of the turbine in the fluid machine includes a rotatable impeller state, by partial metal plate material processing method for manufacturing a saddle-shaped patch of the blade, which characterized in that each boundary defined by the curve of the saddle-shaped patch on top of the blade material, the use of relatively vertically arranged in a plurality of ball-shaped head capable of punches movable in height direction in the state of a plurality of said blades are arranged multi-column punch press device material width direction, in the first step of the above-mentioned material in contact with the head up and down relative to the punches and keep the column, in the second step so that the punch column height displacement, is formed on a portion of the material of the saddle-shaped patch boundary curves, in a third step, the expansion of the punch relative to the head of the column spacing, and opening said material, after the step of repeating the first to third, sequentially in the material as a whole forming a saddle patch, the above material is formed into a desired shape blade.

[0033] 根据该发明,因为通过单纯的冲头和冲模的组合就能成型各种各样的叶片形状, 所以,能够谋求提供廉价的涡轮流体机械。 [0033] According to the invention, because by the mere combination of punches and dies of a variety of blade shapes can be formed, it is possible to seek to provide an inexpensive turbo fluid machine.

[0034] 第十二发明记载的制造方法是权利要求七至九中的任一项记载的叶片的制造方法,其特征在于,在成型上述叶片时,针对叶片面的一部分,使用三维总金属模,冲压成型。 [0034] The manufacturing method according to a twelfth invention is a method according to any one of the seven to nine leaf claims, characterized in that, during molding of the blade, the blade surface part for, using total three-dimensional mold , stamping.

[0035] 根据该发明,因为能够提高叶片的表面精度,同时三维总金属模为小型的三维总金属模即可,所以,降低金属模费用的效果高。 [0035] According to the invention, a high surface accuracy can be improved because the blade, while the total three-dimensional three-dimensional mold for small total metal mold can be, therefore, the effect of reducing the cost of the mold.

[0036] 第十三发明记载的叶片的制造方法是第十二发明记载的叶片的制造方法,其特征在于,上述金属模具备凹部或者凸部,在使预先形成于上述叶片材料上的凹部或者凸部嵌合到上述金属模的凹部或者凸部的状态下,进行冲压成型。 [0036] the manufacturing method according to a thirteenth invention is a method of manufacturing a blade according to the twelfth invention, the blade, characterized in that said mold includes a convex portion or concave portion, the recess preliminarily formed on the blade material or the convex portion is fitted into the state in which the mold recesses or protrusions, by press molding.

[0037] 根据该发明,在通过冲压金属模成型叶轮的叶片的鞍形时,通过与凹凸与叶片的凹部或者凸部相反地形成在金属模上的凹部或者凸部嵌合进行冲压成型,能够抑制材料的偏离。 [0037] According to the invention, at the time of molding by stamping a metal saddle impeller blades, the concave portion by the convex portion and the concave portion or convex portion or unevenness of the blade on the contrary formed by press fitting a metal molding die, can suppress deviation of the material. 因此,能够将叶片面高精度地成型为希望的三维扭转形状,与涡轮流体机械的性能提高相联系。 Thus, the blade surface can be accurately formed into a desired three-dimensional shape to reverse, with the turbine fluid mechanical performance increases linked. 另外,因为在叶片的冲压成型中,没有产生材料偏离,所以,能够将最终形状的叶片的展开形状作为材料使用,因此,不需要以往的剪切工序,材料利用率也提高。 Further, since the blade press molding, without departing from the generating material, it is possible to expand the shape of the final shape of the blade as the material used, and therefore, does not require the conventional shearing process, material utilization is also improved.

[0038] 第十四发明记载的叶轮的制造装置是通过金属板状的材料的塑性变形制作可旋转地安装在涡轮流体机械上使用的叶轮的叶片的制造装置,其特征在于,具备能够独立位移加压的至少第一和第二滑块、通过上述第一滑块的加压限制材料的冲模、在抓住从上述冲模突出的材料的状态下,通过上述第二滑块的位移施加变形的冲头、通过第一旋转机构安装在上述第二滑块,对上述冲头施加纵向的倾斜的冲头支撑件、使上述冲模和冲头相对地在水平方向倾斜的第二旋转机构、控制上述第一旋转机构和第二旋转机构的旋转角度的执行器,上述第一旋转机构和第二旋转机构的旋转轴以相互大致正交的方式配置,通过基于上述第一和第二滑块以及上述执行器的控制的上述冲模和冲头的位移和倾斜,对材料添加规定的变形。 [0038] The apparatus for manufacturing an impeller according to the fourteenth invention is installed produced by plastic deformation of the plate-like metal material manufacturing apparatus of the impeller rotatably in the turbine blades used in fluid machinery, characterized in that the displacement has to be independent pressurizing at least a first and a second slide restricting die material through said first slider pressed in the die protruding from the grasp of the state of the material, the deformation is applied by the displacement of said second slider punch mounted by a first rotating means in said second slider, applied longitudinally inclined punch of the punch support member, the second rotating means and said die punch is inclined relative to the horizontal direction, the control rotating said first actuator means and the rotation angle of the second rotation mechanism, the rotary axis of the first rotation mechanism and the second rotation mechanism in a mutually substantially orthogonal configuration, based on the first and by the second slide, and said actuator control of the die and punch displacement and tilt of the added material deformation specified.

[0039] 根据该发明,就涡轮流体机械的叶轮而言,能够冲压成型具有要求流体性能的三维扭转的叶片,而且没有必要使用专用的金属模。 [0039] According to the invention, the turbine impeller fluid machine, being able to press molding having a desired fluid properties of three-dimensional twist of the blade, and there is no need to use special metal mold. 因此,能够提供性能与以往相同并且廉价的涡轮流体机械。 Therefore, it is possible to provide the same performance and inexpensive conventional turbo fluid machine.

[0040] 第十五发明记载的叶轮的制造装置是通过金属板的材料的塑性变形制作可旋转地安装在涡轮流体机械上使用的叶轮的叶片的制造装置,其特征在于,具备对夹着材料旋转的一对辊进行支撑的第一、第二、第三辊支撑件、驱动第一辊支撑件的辊,运送材料的运送部、上述辊支撑件和安装有上述运送部的框架,上述辊支撑件的至少一个辊支撑件为了对上述材料的板面施加变形,通过相对于剩余的辊支撑件位移的位移机构安装在上述框架,上述位移机构由纵的旋转轴和横的旋转轴构成。 [0040] The fifteenth impeller manufacturing apparatus according to this invention is to install a metal plate produced by plastic deformation of the material manufacturing apparatus impeller rotatably to the turbine blades used in fluid machinery, which comprising of sandwich material a pair of rotating rollers supporting the first, second and third support rollers, drive rollers, a first material conveying unit conveying roller support member, said roll support member and said conveying unit frame is mounted, said roller at least one roll support member supporting member in order to apply to the plate surface of the deformable material, by relative displacement of the remaining roll support member displacement means mounted on said frame, said displacement mechanism comprises a longitudinal axis and the transverse axis of rotation of the composition.

[0041] 根据该发明,就涡轮流体机械的叶轮而言,能够辊压成型具有要求流体性能的三维扭转的叶片,能够比较高速地制造叶片。 [0041] According to the invention, the turbine impeller fluid machine, being able to roll forming fluid having the desired properties of three-dimensional twist of the blade, the blade can be manufactured relatively high speed. 因此,能够提供性能与以往相同并且廉价的涡轮流体机械。 Therefore, it is possible to provide the same performance and inexpensive conventional turbo fluid machine.

[0042] 第十六发明记载的叶轮的制造装置是通过板状的金属材料的塑性变形制作可旋转地安装在涡轮流体机械上使用的叶轮的叶片的制造装置,其特征在于,具备具有能够位移•加压的至少一个滑块的冲压机构、能够上下移动地支撑多个球头状冲头的冲头列、受到加压控制并限制材料的一部分的冲模,上述冲头列由在材料的宽度方向排列的多个下冲头列和根数与上述下冲头列大概相等的上冲头列构成,通过上述滑块的加压力,从两面对材料加压,塑性变形。 [0042] The manufacturing apparatus of a sixteenth invention described impeller is installed produced by plastic deformation of the plate-like metal material manufacturing apparatus of the impeller rotatably in the turbine blades used in fluid machinery, characterized by comprising capable of displacement • pressurized at least one slider punching mechanism, can move vertically supporting a plurality of ball-shaped punch punch columns by pressing control and limit die part of the material, the punch by the width of the column material Chong arranged in multiple directions at the head of columns and the number of columns and said lower punch is probably equal to the punch column constituted by adding the pressure of the slider, the face of the material from the two pressed plastic deformation.

[0043] 根据该发明,就涡轮流体机械的叶轮而言,能够不使用专用的金属模,成型具有要求流体性能的三维扭转的叶片。 [0043] According to the invention, the turbine impeller fluid machine, you can not use a dedicated mold, forming a fluid having the desired properties of three-dimensional twist of the blade. 因此,能够提供性能与以往相同并且廉价的涡轮流体机械。 Therefore, it is possible to provide the same performance and inexpensive conventional turbo fluid machine.

[0044] 发明效果 [0044] Effect of the Invention

[0045] 因为构成由多个鞍形的补片构成的叶片面,能够通过组合了扭转和弯曲的成型方法成型它,所以,使具备具有三维扭转的叶片的叶轮的板金工加工化成为可能。 [0045] Since the blade surface composed of a plurality of saddle-shaped patch constituted through a combination of torsion and bending molding method it, so that with the impeller blades having a three-dimensional twist of panel beaters process become possible. 另外,因为能够替代总金属模,由一组冲头和冲模进行各种各样的叶片的成型,所以,能够期待模具费的降低。 In addition, because it can always replace the mold, by a group of punch and die carry out a variety of blade shape, it can be expected to reduce tooling costs. 再有,因为能够削减金属模制作期间,所以,能够谋求缩短制造前置期,即使是小批量生产,也能够应用板金工加工手法。 Further, because it can reduce mold production period, it is possible to seek to shorten the manufacturing lead times, even for small batch production, processing techniques can be applied panel beaters.

[0046] 另外,通过使叶轮板金工加工化,能够使叶片的壁厚与以往的铸造品相比薄壁化, 使叶轮的轻量化成为可能。 [0046] In addition, compared with the previous cast product by the impeller machining of panel beaters, enables thinner wall thickness of the blade, the impeller lightweight as possible. 其结果能够实现涡轮流体机械运转时的节能化。 As a result, energy savings can be achieved when the turbo fluid machine operation. 再有,在叶轮的制造工序中,在以往的铸造中,虽然有必要将金属加热到熔点以上,但根据本发明,因为能够通过叶片材料尺寸程度的冲压装置来制作,所以,制造工序中的节能化成为可能。 Further, in the process of manufacturing the impeller, the conventional casting, although it is necessary to be heated to above the melting point metal, but according to the present invention, since the size of the extent of the blade material through a press means to produce, so that the manufacturing process energy conservation possible.

[0047] 关于涡轮流体机械的叶轮所使用的叶片的制造方法,在通过三维金属模,局部地冲压成型叶片前端时,通过使用本发明的嵌合方式的引导器,能够使冲压金属模和材料的位置关系稳定,使再现性高的冲压成型成为可能。 [0047] The method of manufacturing a turbine impeller fluid machine blade used, when the three-dimensional mold, partially stamping blade tip, by using the method of the present invention the chimeric guide, and enables the punching mold material The positional relationship is stable, so that high reproducibility of metal forming possible. 其结果为高精度的叶片的成型成为可能。 As a result, high-precision molding possible blade.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0048] 图1是切开本发明的应用对象的涡轮型压缩机的一部分来表示的立体图。 [0048] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a portion of the cut to represent the application object of the present invention, a turbine-type compressor.

[0049] 图2是同样的叶轮的立体图。 [0049] FIG. 2 is a similar perspective view of the impeller.

[0050] 图3是表示作为本发明中的叶片制造的第一基本要素的弯曲变形的模式图。 [0050] FIG. 3 shows the present invention in the manufacture of curved blade deformation pattern showing a first basic elements.

[0051] 图4是表示作为本发明中的叶片制造的第二基本要素的扭转变形的模式图。 [0051] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the present invention, the basic elements of a second blade manufacturing torsional deformation.

[0052] 图5是表示将图3、图4的基本要素组合的变形的模式图。 [0052] FIG. 5 is a diagram showing the basic elements of FIGS. 3 and 4 a combination of a schematic diagram of the deformation.

[0053] 图6是从制品设计数据求出扭转角以及弯曲行程的原理图。 [0053] FIG. 6 is a product design data from schematic determined twist angle and bending trip.

[0054] 图7是表示本发明的实施例1的成型装置的系统构成的概略图。 [0054] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a system forming apparatus of one embodiment of the present invention is constituted.

[0055] 图8是同样表示制造方法的流程的流程图。 [0055] FIG. 8 is a flowchart showing the process for manufacturing the same method.

[0056] 图9是同样表示在将叶片材料向成型部对位时的移动量的计算原理的说明图。 [0056] FIG. 9 is also said in the blade material to the forming section to calculate the amount of movement principle bit of explaining.

[0057] 图10是同样表示叶片材料的移动以及旋转后的位置关系的说明图。 [0057] FIG. 10 is an explanatory view showing the positional relationship between the same blade material movement and the rotation of the post.

[0058] 图11是同样用于制造方法的验证的有限元分析模型的说明图。 [0058] FIG. 11 illustrates a method of manufacturing the same used to validate finite element analysis model.

[0059] 图12是同样用于制造方法的验证的有限元分析结果的说明图。 [0059] FIG. 12 is a diagram explaining the method of manufacturing the same used to validate finite element analysis results. [0060] 图13是同样针对截面形状,表示分析结果和设计形状的比较的说明图。 [0060] FIG. 13 is the same for the cross-sectional shape, an explanatory diagram showing the results of comparative analysis and design shapes.

[0061] 图14是有关本发明的实施例2的辊压成型方式的制造装置的示意图。 [0061] FIG. 14 is an embodiment of the present invention, the roller 2 press-forming method of manufacturing apparatus of FIG.

[0062] 图15是有关本发明的实施例3的多点冲压方式的制造装置的示意图。 [0062] FIG. 15 is an illustration of a multi-mode manufacturing apparatus stamping embodiment of the present invention 3.

[0063] 图16是有关本发明的实施例4的制造方法的示意图。 [0063] FIG. 16 is an illustration of a manufacturing method of the embodiment of the present invention.

[0064] 图17是在有关本发明的实施例5的制造方法中使用的材料和金属模的示意图。 [0064] FIG. 17 is a schematic view of materials and mold used in the manufacturing method of an embodiment of the present invention is related to 5.

[0065] 图18是有关本发明的实施例5的制造方法的示意图。 [0065] FIG. 18 is an illustration of a manufacturing method of an embodiment of the present invention 5.

[0066] 图19是表示有关本发明的实施例5的其它的方式的叶片的图。 [0066] FIG. 19 is a diagram of the other blade manner as in Example 5 of the present invention.

[0067] 图20是在有关本发明的实施例6的制造方法中使用的材料和金属模的示意图。 [0067] FIG. 20 is a schematic view of materials and mold used in the manufacturing method of an embodiment of the present invention is related to 6.

[0068] 图21是有关本发明的实施例6的制造方法的示意图。 [0068] FIG. 21 is an illustration of a manufacturing method of Example 6 of the present invention.

[0069] 图22是本发明的实施例6的制造方法的比较对象的有限元分析结果的图。 [0069] FIG. 22 is a finite element analysis results for an embodiment of the present invention, a method of manufacturing an object of comparison in Figure 6.

[0070] 图23是有关本发明的实施例6的制造方法的有限元分析结果的图。 [0070] FIG. 23 is a method for manufacturing an embodiment of the present invention of claim 6 of the finite element analysis results in Fig.

[0071] 图M是本发明的实施例6的制造方法的有限元分析结果的图。 [0071] FIG M is a finite element analysis method for manufacturing an embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 6.

[0072] 图25是使用了由本发明的实施例6制造的叶片的叶轮的图。 [0072] FIG. 25 is used in Example 6 of the present invention is manufactured blade impeller FIG.

[0073] 符号说明 [0073] Symbol Description

[0074] 1...壳体、2...旋转轴、3...凸台、叶轮、4...扩散器、5...叶片、6、7...叶轮、 10. 材料、Ila. 上冲头、lib. 下冲头、1. 上冲模、12b. 下冲模、30. 定义扭转角度的基准平面、50、51、52. 线素、DEl 〜4、01、02、PI、P2、Qd. 点、VI、V2、V3、V4、V5、 V6. 单位矢量、d. 矢量、θ、φ 角度、60. 接头、61a、b. 液压缸、6h、b. 旋转机构、63. 引导器、64a. 框架、64b. 滑块板、6. 滑块板、64d. 支承板、6. 冲头支撑件、65...加工条件数据库、66...控制用电脑、67...伺服控制系统、70...材料模型、 71a. 上冲头、71b. 下冲头、7. 上冲模、72b. 下冲模、80. 分析形状、81. 设计形状、90...运送部、91a、b...辊、92...液压缸、93...辊支撑件、94...支撑件、95...基座、IOOa〜f...球头状冲头列、101a...冲头框、IOlb...框架、102a...上压板、102b...下压板、200a、200b...部分金属模、204a、204b...金属模的凸部、205a、205b...叶片面的凹部、206a、206b...嵌合部、SEC1...线推出部分、SEC2a、SEC2b...中间区域、SEC3...金属模冲压成型区域、Sl〜S12...制造工序步骤。 [0074] 1 ... housing, the rotating shaft 2 ... 3 ... boss, impeller, diffuser 4 ... 5 ... leaves, 6,7 ... impeller, 10. * materials, Ila. upper punch, * under lib. punch, 1. the die, 12b. lower die 30. Define the twist angle of the reference plane, 50,51,52. line element, DEl ~4,01,02, PI, P2, Qd. point, VI, V2, V3, V4, V5, V6. unit vector, d. vector, θ, φ angle, 60 joints, 61a, b. hydraulic cylinders, 6h, b. rotating mechanism 63. guide, 64a. framework, 64b. slide plate, 6 slide plate, 64d. supporting plate, 6. punch support, database processing conditions 65 ... 66 ... control computer servo control system 67 ... 70 .. The material model, 71a. upper punch, * under 71b. punch, 7. the die, 72b. lower die 80. Analysis of shape, 81. design shape, 90. .. delivery unit, 91a, b ... rollers, cylinders 92 ... 93 ... roll support, support 94 ... 95 ... base, IOOa~f ... Ball shaped punch column, 101a ... punch box, IOlb ... framework, 102a ... on the platen, 102b ... lower platen, 200a, 200b ... part of the metal mold, 204a, 204b ... metal the convex portion of the mold, 205a, 205b ... concave portion of the blade surface, 206a, 206b ... fitting portion, SEC1 ... Release line portion, SEC2a, SEC2b ... intermediate region, SEC3 ... die stamping forming area, Sl~S12 ... manufacturing process step.

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0075] 下面,详细说明本发明实施例。 [0075] In the following detailed description of embodiments of the present invention. 通过在叶轮的叶片面由直线线素构成,对向地具备直线状的冲头的装置中,使用本发明的制造技术,能够实现上述目的。 By the impeller blade surface is composed of straight line element of the punch means circumferentially with a linear shape, the use of manufacturing techniques of the present invention, it is possible to achieve the above purpose.

[0076]【实施例1】 [0076] [Example 1]

[0077] 图1是切开应用本发明的实施例1的涡轮流体机械的一部分来表示的立体图,表示将空气作为工作流体的离心压缩机的构造。 [0077] FIG. 1 is an embodiment of the present invention is applied to cut a part of a turbo fluid machine represented a perspective view showing the air as the working fluid structure centrifugal compressor. 图2是同样取出叶轮部分来表示的立体图, 省略了护罩来表示。 Figure 2 is a partial perspective view of the impeller taken equally represented, omitting the shield to represent.

[0078] 在图1中,多级形的离心压缩机是由叶轮6、7、壳体1、旋转轴2以及电动机(未图示出)等构成。 [0078] In Figure 1, a multi-stage centrifugal compressor is formed by the impeller 6 and 7, the housing 1, the rotary shaft 2 and a motor (not shown) or the like. 其中,叶轮6、7是多片叶片5分别被安装在凸台3和护罩4之间的构造,它通过旋转轴2旋转,据此,付与流体能量。 Wherein the impeller is a plurality of blades 6 and 7 are respectively mounted on the structure 5 between the projections 4 and the cover 3, through which the rotary shaft 2 is rotated, whereby imparting fluid energy. 即,通过叶轮的旋转,向从吸入口8吸入的水付与离心力,通过安装在叶轮出口的引导叶片,使流体的流动的方向合理化。 That is, by rotation of the impeller, the suction from the suction port 8 and the centrifugal force of the water to pay, through the installation of the guide vanes of the impeller outlet, so that the flow direction of the fluid rationalization. 叶轮6、7如图2所示,为安装在旋转轴2上的多级形,但是,各级的叶轮的叶片形状不同,分别具有不同的三维扭转。 , The multi-stage type mounted on the rotary shaft 2, however, the shape of the impeller blade impellers 6,7 different levels in FIG. 2, each having different three-dimensional twist.

[0079] 图3是表示作为有关本实施例中的叶片的制造方法的第一基本要素的弯曲变形的模式图。 [0079] FIG. 3 is a diagram showing the basic elements of a first embodiment of a method for manufacturing a blade according to the present embodiment of the bending deformation mode of FIG. 在通过压板,将板状的金属材料10限制在上下冲模12a、b的状态下,使接触到材料10的上冲头Ila以及下冲头lib的组向上方向行进,据此,付与从上下冲模12a、b突出的材料10谷状弯曲变形。 Through the plate, the plate-like metal material 10 in the upper and lower dies limits 12a, b of the state, the contact to the punch Ila and set up under the direction of the punch lib material 10 travels, accordingly, pay and from the upper and lower dies 12a, b projecting material 10 valley-like bent. 同样,通过使上下冲头11a、b向下方向行进,付与从上下冲模12a、b突出的材料10山状弯曲变形。 Also, by making the upper and lower punches 11a, b travels downward direction, from the upper and lower dies impart 12a, b projecting mountain-like material 10 is bent and deformed. 此时,若谷状弯曲变形为正的弯曲角度,则山状弯曲变形为负的弯曲角度。 At this time, stay foolish like bending the bending angle is positive, then the mountain-like bending bending angle is negative.

[0080] 图4是表示作为有关本发明实施例中的叶片的制造方法的第二基本要素的扭转变形的模式图。 [0080] FIG. 4 is a diagram showing the basic elements of a second embodiment of the method for manufacturing an embodiment of the present invention, the blade of a schematic diagram of torsional deformation. 在通过压板,将材料10限制在冲模12a、b的状态下,使接触到材料10的上冲头Ila以及下冲头lib的组围绕垂直于冲头侧面的轴旋转,付与从上下冲模12a、b突出的材料10扭转变形。 Through the plate, the material 10 is limited to die 12a, under b of the state, so that the contact material 10 punches Ila and lower punch lib groups around the perpendicular to the punch side of the axis of rotation, imparted from the upper and lower dies 12a, b protruding material 10 torsional deformation.

[0081] 图5是表示通过上述的第一和第二基本要素的变形的合成,对材料10施加三维扭转的样子的模式图。 [0081] FIG. 5 is a synthesis of the above by the deformation of the first and second fundamental elements of material 10 is applied to a three-dimensional look to reverse the pattern of FIG. 即,一面使接触到材料10的上下冲头11a、b在上下方向位移,一面围绕垂直于冲头侧面的轴施加旋转,同时付与从上下冲模12a、b突出的材料扭转变形和弯曲变形。 That is, the contact side of the upper and lower punches 10 of material 11a, b of displacement in the vertical direction, perpendicular to the side of the punch around the side of the rotating shaft is applied, while imparting the upper and lower dies 12a, b projecting material torsional deformation and bending deformation.

[0082] 图6是表示从制品设计数据求出扭转角θ以及弯曲行程S的原理的图。 [0082] FIG. 6 is a product obtained from the design data and the twist angle θ of the principle of the bending stroke S in FIG. 在这里, 为了说明在成为边界的线素50和51之间形成鞍形的补片50a时所必须的扭转角θ以及弯曲行程S的决定方法,模式地表示设计形状的叶片表面10 (材料)。 Here, the twist must become in order to show the boundary line between the elements 50 and 51 are formed in the saddle when the patch 50a and the bending angle θ S method of determining the stroke, schematically showing the shape of the blade surface design 10 (material) . 在同图中,虽然没有表现出材料的厚度,但是,可以使用压力面的设计数据,求出扭转角度以及行程。 In the figure, although did not show the thickness of the material, however, can use the design data of the pressure surface, determined twist angle and stroke.

[0083] 首先,扭转角的计算公式表示为下述的算式1。 [0083] First, a calculation formula twist angle is represented by the following formula 1. 这里,“” (点)代表矢量的内积。 Here, the "*" (dot) represents the inner product of vectors.

[0084] tan θ = (V3 V5) / (VI V5) 算式1 [0084] tan θ = (V3 V5) / (VI V5) formula 1

[0085] 在这里, [0085] Here,

[0086] θ :在基准平面30内测量到的、矢量V5和Vl之间的角度 [0086] θ: measured angle in the reference plane 30 between the vector Vl and V5,

[0087] Vl :表示线素51的单位矢量 [0087] Vl: indicates the unit vector line element 51

[0088] V3 :与线段Ρ2Ρ3和Vl垂直的单位矢量 [0088] V3: Ρ2Ρ3 and Vl line segment perpendicular unit vectors

[0089] V5 :在基准平面30上通过其法线投影的矢量。 [0089] V5: vector on the reference plane 30 through its normal projection.

[0090] 接着,行程的计算公式表示为下面的算式2。 [0090] Next, the calculation formula trip 2 expressed as the following equation.

[0091] S = V3/|V3 卜V6...算式2 [0091] S = V3 / | V3 V6 ... formula Bu 2

[0092] 在这里, [0092] Here,

[0093] V6 :与线段Ρ1Ρ2平行的矢量。 [0093] V6: Ρ1Ρ2 parallel with the line vector.

[0094] 作为计算的例子,将从用于验证的叶片形状求得的具体的扭转角和行程量表示在表1。 Specific twist angle and stroke amount [0094] As an example calculation, for verification from the blade shape obtained are shown in Table 1.

[0095] [表1] [0095] [Table 1]

[0096] [0096]

[0097] [0097]

Figure CN101586580BD00121

[0098] 作为在材料10的表面定义直线线素50、51、51、...的方法,可以使用一步有限元分析(逆分析)。 [0098] As defined in the material surface straight line element 50,51,51 10 ... way, step by finite element analysis (inverse analysis) can be used. 即,相对于设计形状的模型,强制地展开为平面,将叶片表面形状的线素转印到初始的材料表面。 That is, with respect to the design of the shape of the model plane forcibly expand the line of leaf surface shape is transferred onto the surface of the original material. 一般,虽然即使在设计形状上是线素,在初始的材料表面也是曲线, 但是,若是叶片表面程度的变形程度,则转印到初始的材料表面的线素能够大致近似于直线。 In general, even though the design of the shape is line element, in the initial surface is curved, however, if the degree of deformation of the surface level of the blade, is transferred to the surface of the original line element can be substantially similar to a straight line.

[0099] 图7 (a)是表示成型装置的构成的概略图。 [0099] FIG. 7 (a) is a schematic view showing the structure of the molding apparatus. 64b和6是具有能够独立位移•加压的复动式冲压构件(未图示出)的第一冲压滑块板(第一滑块)和第二冲压滑块板(第二滑块)。 6 64b and is capable of independent displacement • Double action pressing the press member (not shown) of the first ram slide plate (first slider) and a second punch slide plate (second slider). 在第一滑块64b,通过第二旋转机构62b安装着上下的冲模12a、12b,在将板状的材料10运入上下冲模12a、12b之间后,付与第一滑块64b加压力,限制材料10。 In the first slider 64b, 62b through the second rotary mechanism mounted in the upper and lower dies 12a, 12b, 10 in the sheet-like material transported into upper and lower dies 12a, between post 12b, 64b first slider imparted pressing force limit material 10. 此时,上下的冲模12a、12b通过控制作为执行器的液压缸61c,借助第二旋转机构62b的水平面内的旋转(倾斜)被调整到任意的角度。 At this time, the upper and lower dies 12a, 12b by controlling the hydraulic cylinder as the actuator 61c, 62b by means of a second rotating means within a horizontal plane (tilt) is adjusted to an arbitrary angle.

[0100] 另外,在第二滑块Mc上通过可在滑块的移动方向的垂直面内旋转(倾斜)的第一旋转机构62a,安装冲头支撑件64e。 [0100] Further, by rotatably on the second slider in a vertical plane Mc slider moving direction (inclination) of the first rotation mechanism 62a, a punch mounting support member 64e. 冲头支撑件6通过作为执行器的液压缸61a、61b, 以第一旋转机构6为中心转动并倾斜。 6 punch support member by a hydraulic cylinder as actuator 61a, 61b, a first rotation mechanism 6 is rotated and tilted. 再有,在冲头支撑件6上,以将材料推出的直线状的推出部按照材料10的厚度程度的一定间隔相对的状态,上下具备冲头lla、llb。 Further, in the punch support 6, to launch the linear material introduction portion according to the thickness of the material 10 degrees relative to the state at regular intervals, with the upper and lower punches lla, llb. 另外,也可以以该冲头IlaUlb的间隔可调整的状态进行安装,在该情况下,能够对应各种板厚的材料。 It is also possible to punch the adjustable spacing IlaUlb installed state, in this case, corresponding to the thickness of the various materials. 第一旋转机构6和第二旋转机构62b的旋转轴以与上述冲模的冲模肩部的边缘相互大致正交,并且,冲模肩部的边缘和冲头的间隔相隔材料的板厚程度的方式配置。 A first rotary shaft and the second rotation mechanism 6 rotation mechanism 62b to the edge of the shoulder portion of the die of the die is substantially orthogonal to each other, and the degree of thickness of the die and the punch shoulder edge spaced apart material disposed .

[0101] 在材料10的成型时,以夹在上下的冲头IlaUlb之间的方式配置材料10,通过由第一旋转机构62a的旋转产生的第二滑块6的垂直方向的倾斜和由第二旋转机构62b的旋转产生的上述冲模12a、12b的水平方向的倾斜,被付与弯曲和扭转。 [0101] When the molding material 10, sandwiched between the upper and lower punches IlaUlb material 10 is disposed through the vertical direction of the second slider by 6 first rotating mechanism 62a and the inclination generated by the first said second die 62b of the rotation of the rotating mechanism 12a, 12b of the horizontal tilt, bending and torsion is imparted. 因为是以上述冲模12a、12b和上述冲头IlaUlb的相对的位置关系对该材料付与弯曲和扭转,所以,也可以替代上述冲模12a、12b的第二旋转机构62b的水平面内的旋转(倾斜),使水平方向的旋转(倾斜)功能合并到第一旋转机构62a。 Because the die is 12a, 12b and the punch IlaUlb relative positional relationship of the material imparting bending and twisting, so it can replace the die 12a, the rotation of the horizontal plane 62b of the second rotation mechanism 12b within the (inclined) , the horizontal direction of rotation (tilt) functionality into a first rotating mechanism 62a.

[0102] 另外,图7(b)是表示包括控制系统的构成的概略图。 [0102] Further, FIG. 7 (b) is a diagram schematically showing a configuration comprising a control system. 从将加工条件作为电子数据存储的加工条件数据库65,随时向控制用电脑66读出各线素50、51、52(参照后述的图9)、…的弯曲行程和扭转角度,伺服控制系统67根据其指令控制液压缸61a、61b、61c、d以及第一滑块64b和第二滑块64c。 From the processing conditions as electronic data storage and processing condition database 65, to keep the control reads each line element 50, 51 (described later in FIG. 9) with a computer 66, ... of bending and torsion angle stroke, the servo control system 67 controls the hydraulic cylinder 61a in accordance with its instructions, 61b, 61c, d and the first slider and the second slider 64b 64c.

[0103] 图8是表示制造方法的流程的流程图。 [0103] FIG. 8 is a flow chart showing the flow of the manufacturing process. 在步骤Sl中,进行工序号η的初始化。 In step Sl, make the operation number η initialization. 通常因为从第一线素进行加工,所以,η = 1即可。 Because usually processed from the first line element, so, η = 1 can. 在步骤S2中,由叶片面设计数据中的线素的数量决定全部工序数N,输入到系统。 In step S2, the number of blade surface design data line element of the decision all the processes N, the input to the system. 在步骤S3中,将材料设定在初始位置。 In step S3, the material is at an initial position.

[0104] 在步骤S4中,访问加工条件数据库,读取与在步骤Sl输入的工序号对应的扭转角度(包括正、负的扭转弯曲角度)以及弯曲行程量(包括正、负的弯曲角度)的数据。 [0104] In step S4, machining conditions database access, read in step Sl input operation number corresponding to the angle of twist (including positive and negative bending angle of twist) and bending stroke amount (including positive and negative bending angle) data. 在步骤S5中,调整材料10的位置,使最初加工的材料线素10和冲头IlaUlb的边缘一致。 In step S5, adjust the position of material 10, so that the initial processing of the material line element edge 10 and the punch IlaUlb consensus. 在步骤S6中,使成型装置的冲头IlaUlb和冲模12a、12b的开口角度与线素间的开口角度吻合。 In step S6, the punch and die IlaUlb molding apparatus 12a, the opening angle of the opening angle between the line element 12b coincide. 在步骤S7中,使用压板,将材料10限制在冲模12a、12b上。 In step S7, using the platen, the material 10 is limited to the die 12a, 12b.

[0105] 在步骤S8中,将使上下冲头IlaUlb和材料10表面一致的状态作为工序的初始位置,从此状态开始,调整位移以及倾斜,直至使上下的冲头达到规定的扭转角度和弯曲行程。 [0105] In step S8, the agreement will allow the upper and lower punches IlaUlb 10 surface and material status as the initial location process, starting from this state, displacement and tilt adjustment until the upper and lower punches to achieve the required twist angle and bend trip . 具体地说,对图7中的冲头控制用的液压缸61a、61b进行位移控制。 Specifically, FIG. 7 punch control hydraulic cylinders 61a, 61b displacement control. 通过该位移控制, 材料10被成型为在步骤S4中读取的弯曲角度和扭转角度。 By this displacement control, material 10 is formed into a read in step S4 bending angle and twist angle.

[0106] 在步骤S9中,使上下冲头IlaUlb恢复到原点,使上下冲头离开材料。 [0106] In step S9, the upper and lower punches IlaUlb return to the origin, the upper and lower punches to leave the material. 在这里,上下冲头的原点例如在图7的装置构成中,只要是冲头控制用的液压缸61a、61b分别为最缩短的位置即可。 Here, for example, the origin of the upper and lower punches apparatus configured in FIG. 7, as long as the plunger with the control cylinder 61a, 61b are most shortened position. 在步骤SlO中,开放压板,使材料为非限制状态,成为材料能向下一个工序移动的状态。 In step SlO, the open plate, so that the material is non-regulated state, becoming the material can move to the next step of the state.

[0107] 在步骤Sll中,将工序号η更新为下一次加工的补片的工序号。 [0107] In step Sll, the work number η update process for the next patch of operation number. 因为通常下一次加工相邻的补片,所以,更新后的η为加1的值。 Because usually the next working adjacent patch, so, η updated value plus one. 在步骤S12中,判定全部工序是否结束。 In step S12, it is determined whether or not all the processes end. 若所有的工序完成,则结束。 If all of the process is completed, the end. 在所有的工序没有完成的情况下,再次返回到步骤S4,依次进行剩下的工序。 In the case of all the processes is not completed, once again returns to step S4, the turn the rest of the process.

[0108] 象这样,通过在上下冲头IlaUlb的直线状的推出部,连续对材料10进行局部的加工,形成大致直线状的边界,由该边界夹着的部分作为鞍形的补片逐渐被构成多个。 [0108] As described above, by the upper and lower punches IlaUlb introduction of linear portions, for continuously processing material 10 is locally formed in a substantially linear boundary by the boundary as a saddle portion sandwiched between the patch gradually constitute a plurality.

[0109] 图9是表示将叶片材料10向成型部对位时的、移动量的计算原理的图。 [0109] FIG. 9 is a diagram showing the blade portion of the molding material 10 to calculate the amount of bits moving principle of FIG. 在这里,针对为了在成为大致直线的边界的线素50和51之间加工鞍形补片50a而使材料10移动以及旋转的方法进行说明。 Here, in order for a substantially straight boundary line element 50a and a method of leaving the material 10 is moved between 50 and 51 rotate saddle patch processing will be described. 首先,使线素51的中点为Q,在冲模的边缘上定义基准点Qd。 First, the midpoint of the line element 51 is Q, Qd define a reference point on the edge of the die. 使Q与Qd —致,并且施加移动以及旋转,使以Qd为起点的矢量Vld和以Q为起点定义在材料表面的矢量Vl平行。 Make Q and Qd - induced, and imposed movement and rotation, so that the surface parallel to the vector Vl Qd as a starting point and vector Vld Q as a starting point to define. 另外,51a、5h是在线素51以后的线素间加工的鞍形补片。 In addition, 51a, 5h between line after line 51 prime prime working saddle patch.

[0110] 以上的移动以及旋转的结果、材料被定位为图10所示的状态。 And a result of the rotation of the mobile [0110] above, the material 10 is positioned state as shown in FIG. S卩,冲头IlaUlb 与线素50平行,并且冲模12a、12b的边缘与线素51平行。 S Jie, punch IlaUlb parallel with the line element 50, and the die 12a, 12b and the edges of the line 51 parallel pixel.

[0111] 通过有限元分析确认了基于本实施例的制造方法的分析模型表示在图11。 [0111] confirmed the analysis model method of manufacturing an embodiment of this is shown in Figure 11 based finite element analysis. 将材料作为弹塑性体模型化(70),将上下的冲头(71a、71b)以及上下的冲模作为刚体模型化(72a,72b)0再有,在材料和上下冲模、材料和上下冲头之间,定义为接触。 The material is modeled as elastoplastic body (70), the upper and lower punches (71a, 71b) and the upper and lower die modeled as a rigid body (72a, 72b) 0 Furthermore, in material and upper and lower dies, material and upper and lower punches between, is defined as a contact. 因此,若将规定的扭转角度以及弯曲行程作为边界条件施加于冲头,则材料变形。 Therefore, when a predetermined twist angle and bending stroke is applied to the punch, the material is deformed as a boundary condition.

[0112] 图12(a)、(b)是分别表示设计形状以及分析结果的叶片形状。 [0112] FIG. 12 (a), (b), respectively, showing the shape and design of the blade shape analysis results. 启示出通过用上述方法施加从叶片表面的设计数据求出的弯曲行程以及扭转角度,能够将材料成型为与设计形状大致一致的形状。 Inspiration by applying a bending itinerary data obtained from the blade surface and the twist angle by the above method, the material can be formed into a shape substantially the same shape and design. 图13针对图12(a)、(b)的截面1、2,表示分析结果和设计形状的比较。 13 for the cross-sectional view 12 (a), (b) 1,2, showing the results of a comparative analysis and design shapes. 从该分析结果可知,叶片面由多个鞍形的补片形成,上述叶片面的弯曲角有正负两者的值。 From the analysis results, the blade surface is formed by a plurality of saddle patch, bending angle of the blade surface of both positive and negative values. 另外,虽然在一部分上产生了与设计形状的误差为5mm左右的误差,但是,通过本实施例的制造方法,能够再现定性的形状。 Further, although the design of the shape and the error produced is about 5mm error in a part, however, by the manufacturing method of this embodiment, the shape can be reproduced qualitatively.

[0113] 虽然在本实施例中,线素50、51是直线,鞍形补片之间成为大致直线的边界,但是,若使线素为曲线形状,则鞍形补片之间成为曲线的边界。 [0113] Although in the present embodiment, the line element 50, 51 is a straight line, a substantially straight line of the border between the saddle patch, however, a curved line element of 若使 curved shape, the saddle between the patch border.

[0114] 象上述这样地形成的叶片作为在图2中以5ajb表示的叶片,通过焊接等接合固定在凸台3,构成叶轮。 [0114] Like the blade is formed in such a manner as in FIG. 2 to the blade 5ajb represented by welding or the like fixed to the engaging projection 3, constitutes an impeller. 另外,存在叶片5如图2所示仅接合固定在凸台3的情况和如图1 所示接合固定在凸台3和护罩4之间的情况。 In addition, the presence of the blade 5 shown only fixed engagement engaging projection 3 shown in case 1 and case 3 is fixed between the boss and the shroud 4 in FIG.

[0115]【实施例2】 [0115] [Example 2]

[0116] 图14是使用辊,由材料10成型叶片的实施例2的制造装置的立体图。 [0116] FIG. 14 is a roll, the material from Example 10 a perspective view of the molding blade manufacturing apparatus 2.

[0117] 在由框构成的运送部90内,构成两对辊91c〜91f(91f未图示出),将材料10限制在上下的辊之间,同时,在通过其中的辊91e的驱动,将材料10向支撑件93a运送的过程中,施加弯曲加工而构成。 [0117] In the conveying portion constituted by a frame 90, constituting two pairs of rollers 91c~91f (91f not shown), the material 10 confined between the upper and lower rolls, while in the 91e through which the drive roller, The material 10 is transported to the process of the supporting member 93a, and constitutes a bending process. 构成运送部90的上述两对辊被辊支撑件93c (第二辊支撑件)、 93d(第三辊支撑件)支撑,分别通过作为执行器兼位移机构的液压缸61h、61i安装在框架95。 Said two pairs of rollers constituting the roller conveyer unit 90 is a support member 93c (second roll support), 93d (third roll support) support, respectively, through the displacement mechanism as the actuator and hydraulic cylinder 61h, 61i mounted in a frame 95 . 然后,通过液压缸61h、61i的驱动控制,能够与上述支撑件一起在箭头A的垂直方向(上下方向)位移,能够使运送部90的上述两对辊91c〜91f的、与支撑件93a的辊91a、 91b (第一辊)的相对位置关系变化。 Then, by a hydraulic cylinder 61h, 61i of the drive control, can be together with the support member in a vertical direction (vertical direction) displacement of the arrow A, allows the two pairs of rollers conveying portion of 91c~91f 90, 93a of the support member rollers 91a, changes 91b (first roller) relative positional relationship.

[0118] 另外,支撑件93a能够围绕垂直的纵旋转轴(因为在支撑件93a的里面,所以未图示出)沿93f的箭头所示的水平方向旋转地被安装在框架(基座)65上,通过该水平方向的旋转,能够相对于运送部90的辊91c〜91f的旋转轴,使辊91a、91b的旋转轴沿水平面倾斜。 [0118] In addition, the support member 93a can be about perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of rotation (because the inside of the support member 93a, so not shown) is rotatably mounted on the frame (base) 65 in the horizontal direction indicated by the arrow 93f in , through rotation of the horizontal direction relative to the rotational axis of conveying rollers 91c~91f portion 90, the rollers 91a, 91b along a horizontal axis of rotation is inclined. 另外,具备辊91a、91b的辊支撑件93b (第一辊支撑件)通过水平的横旋转轴9和作为执行器兼位移机构的液压缸61e、61f被安装在支撑件93a,支撑件93a通过垂直的纵旋转轴(93f)安装在框架95。 In addition, with the roller 91a, 91b of the roll support member 93b (first roll support) level of horizontal rotation axis by 9 and displacement mechanism as actuators and hydraulic cylinder 61e, 61f are mounted on a support member 93a, 93a through the support vertical longitudinal rotation axis (93f) mounted on the frame 95. 然后,利用液压缸61e、61f的驱动控制,相对于从运送部90运送来的材料10表面(相对于运送部90的辊91c〜91f的旋转轴),使辊91a、91b沿垂直面倾斜,据此,对材料施加弯曲加工。 Then, the cylinder 61e, 61f of the drive control unit 90 with respect to the conveying surface conveying material to 10 (with respect to the rotational axis of conveying rollers 91c~91f portion 90), the rollers 91a, 91b along the vertical plane is inclined, Accordingly, the bending of the material is applied.

[0119] 即,从运送部90运送来的材料10在线素50、51、52、...(参照图10)通过辊91a、 91b时,以使辊91a、91b (在图10中为冲头)与通过的线素平行的方式,控制运送部90的辊的高度、支撑件93a以及支撑件9的倾斜角度,据此,对线素施加弯曲加工,能够在材料10上连续地形成鞍形补片。 [0119] That is, the material 90 from the conveying portion 10 to conveying line elements 50,51,52, ... (refer to FIG. 10) through the rollers 91a, 91b while, so that the roller 91a, 91b (in FIG. 10 for the red head) and the line through the parallel elements, controls the transport unit 93a and the tilt angle of the height of the support member 90 of the roller support member 9, whereby, on the line element is applied to the bending, the material 10 can be formed continuously saddle shaped patch. 在该情况下,各鞍形补片之间成为曲线的边界。 In this case, becomes the boundary curve between the saddle patch.

[0120] 在本实施例中,由直线线素在上述叶片的材料上面定义上述鞍形补片的各边界, 使用在上下具备了两个辊的第一、第二、第三辊支撑件,针对连续的三个线素,在以使上述辊支撑件的辊的轴分别平行地吻合于第一、第二、第三线素的状态,驱动上述辊支撑件的任意的辊,运送材料时,虽然总是与通过上述辊的线素平行地接触,但是,能够以通过第一辊时的线和通过第一辊以前的线素的位置关系成为设计形状中的线素的位置关系的方式,调整上述辊支撑件的相对的位置关系,据此,连续地形成鞍形,将上述材料成型为希望的叶片形状。 [0120] In the present embodiment, the prime definition of each boundary of the saddle-shaped patch at the top of the blade material from the straight line, use the up and down with the first, second, third roll support two rollers, For three consecutive line elements, in order to make the roller supporting member roller axes parallel to agree to the first, second, third line element of the state, the drive roller of the roller support any member, when transporting material, Although always in contact with the parallel lines through the roller elements, however, the positional relationship can line through the first rolls and rolls through the first line of the previous prime position to become the way the relationship between the design elements of the shape of the line, adjusting the relative position between the roller supporting member, whereby continuously formed saddle, the above material is formed into the desired shape of the blade.

[0121] 另外,虽然在本实施例中,通过在水平、垂直的两方向相互正交的旋转轴,将支撑件9安装在框架95,但是,替代这种情况,也可以通过在水平、垂直的两方向相互正交的旋转轴,将运送部90的辊的支撑件93c、93d安装在框架95,将支撑件9直接安装在框架95。 [0121] Further, although in the present embodiment, by rotating the shaft in a horizontal, vertical two mutually orthogonal directions, the support member 9 mounted in a frame 95, however, this alternative case, can also be horizontal, vertical the axis of rotation in two directions orthogonal to each other, the support member 90 of the conveying roller portions 93c, 93d mounted on the frame 95, the support member 9 directly mounted on the frame 95. 总而言之,只要是用于对材料施加弯曲加工的、支撑件93c和支撑件9的辊之间的相对的位置关系能够变化即可。 In short, as long as the material is applied for bending, the support member relative positional relationship between the rollers and the support member 93c can be varied to 9.

[0122] 作为其它的变形例,至少一个辊支撑件由垂直的旋转轴和水平的旋转轴通过支撑件安装在框架95,剩余的辊支撑件直接安装在上述框架95。 [0122] As another modification, the at least one roll support member by the rotation axis and perpendicular to the axis of rotation through the horizontal support member mounted on the frame 95, the remaining roll support member 95 is mounted directly on the frame. 或者,安装在上述执行器兼位移机构上的辊支撑件直接安装在上述框架95,剩余的辊支撑件由垂直的旋转轴和水平的旋转轴通过支撑件安装在上述框架95。 Alternatively, attached to the actuator and displacement mechanism of the roller support member is mounted directly on the frame 95, the remaining roll support member by the rotation axis and perpendicular to the axis of rotation through the horizontal support member 95 mounted on the frame. 或者,安装在上述执行器兼位移机构上的辊支撑件例如通过垂直的旋转轴安装在上述框架95,剩余的辊支撑件通过水平的旋转轴安装在上述框架。 Alternatively, attached to the actuator and displacement mechanism of the roller support member, for example by a vertical rotation shaft mounted in the frame 95, the remaining roll support member through a horizontal rotating shaft mounted on the frame. 再有,上述垂直的旋转轴和水平的旋转轴具有大致相互正交的旋转轴,具备用于控制上述垂直的旋转轴和水平的旋转轴的旋转角度的执行器。 Further, the horizontal axis and the axis of rotation of said rotary shaft having a generally vertical mutually orthogonal, includes actuators for controlling the rotation angle of the rotation axis of said vertical and horizontal axes of rotation.

[0123] 在本实施例中,虽然考虑材料在材料表面内打滑的情况,但是,对此能够在材料侧面使用导辊等来进行抑制。 [0123] In the present embodiment, although the material is considered in the case of slip surface, however, this can be used in the materials side guide roller or the like to be suppressed.

[0124]【实施例3】 [0124] [Example 3]

[0125] 图15是使用多点冲压设备,在叶片的一部分依次成型鞍形补片的叶轮制造装置的实施例。 [0125] FIG. 15 is a multi-stamping equipment, part of the blade impeller manufactured successively forming apparatus embodiment saddle patch. 表示的是,通过将至少与材料10的宽度同宽度程度(10根冲头程度)地排列了球头状的冲头100的列在材料的上下排列在材料宽度方向的冲头列(100a〜IOOe),从上下加工材料10的情况。 It indicates that the width of the material by at least the same width degree (10 degree punch) to 10 ball-shaped arrangement of the punch 100 is arranged in the column direction of the punch width of the material column (100a~ in the upper and lower material IOOe), processing of material from the upper and lower cases 10.

[0126] 具备至少具有一个能够位移•加压的滑块(未图示出)的冲压机构(未图示出), 球头状的冲头列在可滑动地被冲头框IOla以及框架IOla支撑的状态下,以相对状态能够在高度方向移动地配置,上述冲头列由在上述叶片的材料10的宽度方向并列十根程度的下冲头列和根数与上述下冲头列大致相等的上冲头列构成。 [0126] with at least one capable of displacement • Pressurized slider (not shown) of the press mechanism (not shown), ball-shaped punch listed slidably punch frame and a frame IOla IOla Under the support of the state to be able to move relative to the state arranged in the height direction, the punch columns arranged side by side ten degrees in the width direction of the blade material 10 of the lower punch columns and the number of columns and said lower punch is substantially equal to The upper punch columns make. 另外,具备由通过上述滑块的加压力来限制上述材料10的一部分的上下的压板102a、102b构成的冲模102,并且,上述冲模102被配置在冲模肩部的边缘102c和冲头列的间隔102d至少相隔冲头直径IOOg的程度的位置。 Further, with the pressure applied by the by the slider to limit said upper and lower plate portion of the material 10 102a, 102b of the die 102 configuration, and the die shoulder 102 is disposed at the edge of the die punch and the spacer 102c column 102d separated by at least punch diameter IOOg degree position.

[0127] 在成型时,使冲头100的前端接触材料10的加工部位,通过滑块控制各冲头的位移(第一工序)。 [0127] In the molding, the front end of the punch 10 contact materials processing parts 100, the displacement of each punch (first step) through the slider control. 另外,在材料的未加工部分配置压板10h、102b,据此,在加工中限制材料10。 In addition, raw material configuration plate portion 10h, 102b, accordingly, restricted material 10 during processing. 此时,各冲头的最终位置是在假设配置了目标形状的材料时,冲头与材料表面接触的位置。 In this case, the final position of each punch is configured on the assumption that the position of the target material shape, punch and material contact with the surface. 象这样,以求出的位移指令为基础,控制冲头的位移,据此,在冲头所按压接触的部位, 形成微小的鞍形状的补片(第二工序)。 As such, in order to shift out of the instruction is based on controlling the displacement of the punch, whereby the punch presses in the contact areas, the formation of tiny saddle-shaped patch (second step).

[0128] 接着,将各冲头移动到初始位置,开放对材料的限制,接着,向箭头的方向运送材料10(第三工序),再次对冲头进行位移控制,相邻地成型新的微小的鞍形的补片。 [0128] Next, each punch is moved to the initial position, the open limit of the material, then transport the material to the direction of the arrow 10 (third step), again the punch displacement control, adjacent to the newly forming tiny saddle-shaped patch. 通过对叶片面整体依次进行上述的动作,以小的间距成型微小的鞍形的补片,形成规定的叶片形状。 Through the whole surface of the blade above operation sequentially, with a small pitch molding tiny saddle patch, leaf shape prescribed form. 在该实施例中,鞍形的补片的边界为曲线。 In this embodiment, the saddle-shaped patch boundary curves.

[0129] S卩,在涡轮流体机械在可旋转的状态下具备的叶轮的叶片中,在通过对金属板的材料进行局部的加工形成鞍形补片时,在上述叶片的材料上面由曲线定义上述鞍形补片的各边界,使用在上下相对地配置了将多个球头状的冲头以能够在高度方向移动的状态多根排列在上述叶片的材料宽度方向的冲头列的多点冲压装置,在第一工序,使上述材料与上述上下的冲头列的相对头部接触并进行保持,在第二工序,使上述冲头列的高度位移,在材料的一部分形成边界为曲线的鞍形补片,在第三工序,扩大上述冲头列的相对头部的间隔, 开放上述材料,以后,反复上述第一〜三工序,在材料整体依次形成鞍形补片,将上述材料成型为希望的叶片形状。 [0129] S Jie, in turbo fluid machine in a state with a rotatable impeller blades, the metal plate material by machining locally formed saddle fill sheet, defined by the curve of the blade material in the above Each boundary of the saddle-shaped patch, use in a vertically disposed relative to a plurality of multi-point ball-shaped punch to be movable in the height direction are arranged in a plurality of the above-described state of the material in the width direction of the punch blade column punch means, in a first step, so that said material is in contact with said head portion relative to the upper and lower punches and the column maintained at the second step, the displacement of the punch so that the height of the column, the material is formed in a part of the boundary curve saddle patch, in the third step, the expansion of the punch relative to the head of the column spacing, open these materials, after repeatedly said first to third step, the material as a whole are sequentially formed saddle patch, the above material forming a blade shape desired.

[0130]【实施例4】 [0130] [Example 4]

[0131] 图16是使用作为三维总金属模的部分金属模的冲压金属模200a、200b局部地进行金属模成型,对此以外的部分SECl应用了前面的实施例的制造方法的实施例。 [0131] FIG. 16 is used as a punching metal die mold portion of the total three-dimensional metal mold 200a, 200b locally the metal molding, SECl part of this embodiment other than the application of the manufacturing method of the previous embodiment. 根据该实施例,因为在叶片表面,对为了提高动作效率而要求高度的形状精度的叶片的前端部位,进行局部地使用了金属模200a、200b的冲压加工,所以,能够高精度化。 According to this embodiment, since the surface of the blade, the front end portion in order to increase operation efficiency and requires a high degree of shape accuracy of the blade to locally press working using a metal mold 200a, 200b, and therefore, can be highly accurate. 再有,因为对其它的部位,应用了前面的实施例的制造法,所以,能够降低金属模费用,能够提供廉价的涡轮流体机械。 Further, because the other parts of the foregoing embodiment is applied manufacturing method, it is possible to reduce the cost of the metal mold, can provide inexpensive turbine fluid machine. 特别是在本实施例中,在大型的泵中,叶片的卷绕长度大的情况下,提高了金属模费用降低的效果。 Especially in the present embodiment, in a large pump in the case where the length of the blade of a large wound, to improve the effect of reducing the cost of the metal mold.

[0132]【实施例5】 [0132] [Example 5]

[0133] 图17以及图18是表示有关构成安装在涡轮流体机械上的叶轮的叶片中的还有另外的实施方式的叶片的制造方法的图,是通过部分金属模成型叶片入口附近的例子。 [0133] FIG. 17 and FIG. 18 is a view showing an impeller blade mounted on a turbine constituting the fluid machinery as well as in the manufacturing method of another embodiment of the blade, the part of the metal molding by the blade near the entrance examples. 由本实施例的制造方法制作的叶片仅叶片入口和出口分别由鞍形的补片(SEC3、SEC1)形成,而且一部分的鞍形的补片(SECl)由部分金属模冲压成型。 By the manufacturing method of the present embodiment is made only vane blade inlet and outlet, respectively, are formed by a saddle patch (SEC3, SEC1), and a portion of the saddle patch (SECl) by a part of the metal mold stamping molding. 再有,是使成为金属模的边界的部分为大致平面或者在线素(50、51)含有边界线的大致圆锥形状的叶片。 Further, as to make a substantially plane or to become part of the mold line boundary elements (50, 51) containing the blade substantially conical shape boundary lines. 另外,图17是表示中间区域(51和图18的52之间)为大致平面的叶片的成型的样子的图。 Further, the blade 17 is a substantially planar shaped like a (between 51 and 52 in FIG. 18) in the middle region of FIG. 另外,图19表示中间区域为大致圆锥(SEC2b)的叶片。 Further, FIG. 19 shows the blade substantially conical intermediate region (SEC2b) a. 下面,对中间区域为大致平面的情况下的实施例进行详细说明。 Hereinafter, an embodiment of the intermediate region is substantially planar lower case will be described in detail.

[0134] 用于成型该叶片的部分金属模可以使用具有与形成叶片面的入口形状的鞍形补片中最靠近出口的补片的边界相同的边界的金属模。 [0134] For forming the blade portion of the metal mold can use the same mold border boundary has the shape of the blade surface forming an inlet saddle up the film closest to the exit of the patch. 据此,在叶片的材料的前端形成鞍形补片,形成三维扭转的形状时,能够防止通过部分金属模的边界部,鞍形的扭转变形向叶片出口侧的材料传递的情况。 Accordingly, when the front end of the blade material forming a saddle-shaped patch, the shape of a three-dimensional twist, can be prevented by the part of the boundary of the metal mold, the torsional deformation of the saddle to the outlet side of the transfer material of the blade.

[0135] 根据该实施例,通过使由金属模冲压成型的区域和出口侧的鞍形补片的中间区域SEC2的叶片面形状为大致平面或者大致圆锥形状,成型简单,能够提高叶片整体的形状精度。 [0135] According to this embodiment, by making the surface shape of the intermediate region of the blade press die forming region and the outlet side of the saddle SEC2 patch is substantially planar or substantially conical shape, molding is simple, the overall shape of the blade can be improved accuracy. 因为在叶片表面,对为了提高动作效率,而要求高度的形状精度的叶片的前端部位,进行局部地使用了金属模200a、200b的冲压加工,所以,能够高精度化。 Because the surface of the blade, in order to increase operation efficiency, but requires a high degree of shape accuracy of the tip portion of the blade, carried out locally using a metal mold 200a, 200b press working, therefore, it can be highly accurate. 再有,因为对其它的部位,应用了前面的实施例的制造法,所以,能够降低金属模费用,能够提供廉价的涡轮流体机械。 Further, because the other parts of the foregoing embodiment is applied manufacturing method, it is possible to reduce the cost of the metal mold, can provide inexpensive turbine fluid machine. 特别是在本实施例中,在大型的泵中,叶片的卷绕长度长的情况下,提高了金属模费用降低的效果。 Especially in the present embodiment, in a large pump in the case of lower winding length long blade improved effect of reducing the cost of the metal mold.

[0136] 形成鞍形的补片的区域只要是在叶片的流线方向,在叶片的入口为叶轮外形的25%程度的长度,就能使鞍形的金属模尺寸小型化,抑制金属模费用,并且能够充分维持希望的流体的性能。 [0136] region forming a saddle patch as long as the flow direction of the blade, at the entrance of the impeller blade shape the extent of 25% of the length of the saddle can make small die size, inhibiting mold costs , and can sufficiently maintain the desired fluid properties. 另外,通过金属模的边界中的叶片出口侧的边界位置从叶片面的鞍形补片和中间区域的边界向出口侧偏心材料板厚T的2〜3倍程度,能够进一步减小叶片入口的扭转变形向出口侧传递的影响。 Further, the boundary position of the boundary of a metal mold outlet side of the blade thickness T of the blade surface from the saddle patch and boundary to the outlet side of the middle region of 2 to 3 times eccentric material degree, can be further reduced inlet vane torsional deflection to the outlet side of the pass. 再有,中间区域和两端的鞍形的补片的边界附近可以调整鞍形补片的扭转程度,以便平滑地连接叶片面。 Further, the intermediate region near the border and saddle patch can adjust the degree of twisting the ends of the saddle patch, to smoothly join the blade surface.

[0137]【实施例6】 [0137] [Example 6]

[0138] 图20是表示有关构成安装在涡轮流体机械上的叶轮的叶片中的还有另外的实施方式的叶片的制造方法的图,特别是表示冲压成型前的样子的图。 [0138] FIG. 20 is a view showing an impeller blade mounted on a turbine constituting the fluid machinery as well as in the manufacturing method of another embodiment of the blade, particularly showing the way before the stamping FIG. 另外,图20是针对在叶片的叶片面的鞍形补片设置了凹部的叶片进行表示,是成型叶轮的入口部的鞍形的情况。 Further, in FIG. 20 is a saddle-shaped patch for the blade surface of the blade is provided the blade recesses were expressed, the case is saddle shaped inlet portion of the impeller. 具体地说,在叶片材料10的线素50和51之间的成为大致平面的部分预先形成凹部20fe、 20恥。 Specifically, in a substantially planar blade material line element 10, 50 and 51 between the previously formed part of the recess 20fe, 20 shame. 另一方面,在鞍形金属模的下模200b,在对应的位置预先形成下模凸部2(Ma、204b。 On the other hand, the lower mold 200b saddle mold, at a position corresponding to the convex portion previously formed lower die 2 (Ma, 204b.

[0139] 图21是表示冲压成型完成时的样子的图,是在使用冲压金属模成型叶片面的一部分的鞍形补片时,在使在冲压金属模的规定的位置设置的凸部与材料10的凹部嵌合的状态下(由嵌合部206a、206b所示),进行冲压成型。 [0139] FIG. 21 is a press-molding the way of completion, and is a saddle make films using a portion of the stamped metal molding the blade surface, the convex portion and materials in making metal stamping die at a predetermined location set Under the state of the concave portion 10 of the fitting (the fitting portions 206a, 206b as shown), press-molding. 根据该实施例,因为在叶片表面,在对为了提高动作效率而要求高度的形状精度的叶片的前端部位,局部地使用金属模200a、 200b进行冲压加工时,通过使金属模的一部分与叶片嵌合,能够防止在冲压成型中材料从规定的位置偏离,所以,能够稳定地成型高精度的叶片形状。 According to this embodiment, since the surface of the blade, in order to increase operation efficiency requires a high degree of shape accuracy of the tip portion of the blade, partially using a metal mold 200a, 200b press working, by making a portion of the mold blade insert together, can be prevented in press molding the material deviates from the predetermined position, it can be stably formed with high precision blade shape. 再有,因为对其它的部位,应用了前面的实施例的制造法,所以,能够降低金属模费用,能够提供廉价的涡轮流体机械。 Further, because the other parts of the foregoing embodiment is applied manufacturing method, it is possible to reduce the cost of the metal mold, can provide inexpensive turbine fluid machine.

[0140] 成型顺序是在连续成型部分补片后设置凹部,最后,在嵌合了材料的凹部和鞍形金属模的凸部的状态下进行成型。 [0140] sequence is formed in a continuous molding part patch rear concave portions, and finally, the state of the material in the fitting concave portion and the saddle-shaped convex portions of the mold at molding. 根据该成型顺序,因为在成型时先成型材料难以偏离的大致平面部分,最后成型鞍形部分,所以,能够精度良好地确保鞍形部分的成型。 According to the molding sequence, because the first substantially planar portion of the molding material during molding is difficult to deviate, and finally forming the saddle-shaped portion, it is possible to ensure good accuracy saddle shaped portion.

[0141] 就凹凸部的形状而言,通过使嵌合接触部成为大致半球状,能够没有过度地抑制成型中的材料的变形,防止材料的打滑产生的偏离。 [0141] For the purposes of the shape of the concavo-convex portion, by fitting into a substantially semispherical contact portion can be suppressed without excessive deformation of the molding material, preventing the generation of slip deviates material. 即,形成球面接合。 That is, the formation of a spherical engagement.

[0142] 就形成凹部的位置而言,如图20所示,虽然分别配置在成型后的叶片的四角的点中的叶片出口侧的两点附近为好,但是,也可以在叶片出口侧的两点中的一点形成凸部。 [0142] For the purposes of the recess forming position, shown in Figure 20, although the two are disposed in the vicinity of the four corners of the blade after molding of the blade in the outlet side of the point as well, it is also possible in the outlet side of the blade that two of the convex portion. 在该情况下,通过在金属模安装引导器进行成型,能够得到同样的效果。 In this case, the installation guide is molded in a metal mold, the same effect can be obtained. 另外,在叶片上形成凸部,在金属模上形成凹的情况下,也能得到同样的效果。 Further, the convex portion formed on the blade, in the case of forming the concave mold, the same effect can be obtained.

[0143] 图22以及图23是为了验证上述的制造方法中的利用了叶片和金属模的凹凸的嵌合的效果而实施的成型模拟的结果,是重合表示在从冲压成型工序的开始到结束的三个阶段的材料的变形的样子的图。 [0143] FIG. 22 and FIG. 23 is a result of the above-described manufacturing method in order to verify the effect of the use of the chimeric blades and unevenness of the metal mold and the embodiment of the molding simulation, showing the overlap from the start to the end of the press molding step Deformation of the way of the three phases of the material Fig. 另外,因为着眼于金属模内部的材料的变形,所以,没有表示出上模200a。 Further, since the deformation of focusing on the inside of the mold material, therefore, not shown on the die 200a. 图22是在没有利用嵌合的没有对材料限制的条件下的成型分析结果。 22 is fitted in the absence of the conditions of use without limitation the material forming the analysis results in Fig. 图23 是在通过使设置在叶片中央部的凹部或者凸部与金属模嵌合的引导器20fe、2(^b进行限制的条件下的成型模拟的结果。 FIG 23 is a result of setting by making recesses or protrusions fitting with the mold of the central portion of the guide vane 20fe, 2 molding simulation (^ b under conditions of limiting.

[0144] 在没有使用嵌合引导器的情况下,可知材料因与模的接触反作用力而产生打滑, 象叶片5c-5d^e那样,依次偏离旋转。 [0144] In the absence of the chimeric guide, known materials by contact reaction with the mold to produce a slip, as the blade 5c-5d ^ e as sequentially deviated from the rotation. 另一方面,在使用了嵌合引导器的情况下,材料没有产生打滑,象叶片5f-5g4h那样,在金属模的规定的位置成型为三维扭转形状。 On the other hand, in the case where a fitting guide, the material does not generate slip, such as blades 5f-5g4h above, in a predetermined position of the metal mold is formed into the shape of a three-dimensional twist.

[0145] 图M是对因嵌合引导器的有无而产生的冲压成型结束时的材料的位置偏离(5e、 5h)进行比较的图。 [0145] FIG M is stamped on the material due to the presence or absence fitting guide produced by molding the end of the positional deviation (5e, 5h) are compared in Fig. 在扭转程度大的叶片的情况下,在成型中,材料容易在金属模面上移动, 叶片的材料从金属模的规定的位置偏离,据此,形状精度恶化。 In the case of a large degree of twist of the blade, in the molding material in the mold surface is easy to move from the position of the blade material deviation from the provisions of the mold, whereby the deterioration of shape accuracy.

[0146] 图25是表示通过将由上述的制造方法成型的多片叶片如接合到大致圆锥状的凸台(轮毂部)6a而构成的叶轮。 [0146] FIG. 25 is a view showing the impeller boss (hub portion) 6a constituted by molding by the above-described method of manufacturing such a plurality of blades joined to a generally conical shape. 在安装叶片时,通过使在叶片如上形成的凹部20和在凸台的叶片的安装位置上形成的凸部207a嵌合,能够迅速且高精度地组装叶轮。 When installing the blade, the blade as described above is formed by a recess in the mounted position and 20 boss formed projecting blade portions 207a fitted quickly and precisely assembled impeller. 象这样,凹部和凸部的嵌合构造除了上述的叶片成型时提高精度以外,还对提高组装时的精度有益。 As such, concave and convex portions fitting structure in addition to improving the accuracy of the above leaves forming outside, but also to improve the accuracy of assembling beneficial.

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Reference
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Classifications
International ClassificationF04D29/22, F04D29/66, F04D29/34, F04D1/00
Cooperative ClassificationY10T29/37, Y10T29/49337, B21D53/78, B21D31/005, F01D5/14, B21D22/02, B21K3/04
European ClassificationF01D5/14, B21D53/78, B21D22/02, B21D31/00B
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