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Publication numberCN101406412 B
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 200710180915
Publication date2 Jun 2010
Filing date9 Oct 2007
Priority date9 Oct 2007
Also published asCN101406412A
Publication number200710180915.5, CN 101406412 B, CN 101406412B, CN 200710180915, CN-B-101406412, CN101406412 B, CN101406412B, CN200710180915, CN200710180915.5
Inventors姚宏宗, 萧富介, 郭川竹, 陈俊仁
Applicant宝钰生技股份有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Method for producing digital tooth implantation planning auxiliary assembly
CN 101406412 B
Abstract
The invention discloses a generating method for a digital tooth implantation planning aided component. The generating method is mainly as follows: the shape inside an disease oral cavity is copied andmade into an oral cavity model, then the oral cavity model is scanned three-dimensionally to acquire a digital model of the oral cavity model, a digital model of the disease oral cavity, and a digital model of a hypodontia teeth model, and the digital model of the oral cavity model, the digital model of the disease oral cavity, and the digital model of the hypodontia teeth model are defined as apositioning object, a reference object and an adjoint positioning object respectively; then the positioning object and the adjoint positioning object are combined and a characteristic point is taken out, and the positioning object and the reference object are positioned by the characteristic point; and positioning data after the positioning of the adjoint positioning object and the adjoint positioning object are output together, and the output is the digital tooth implantation planning aided component.
Claims(14)  translated from Chinese
  1. 一种数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,主要是通过计算机辅助及扫瞄设备来进行的,该方法包含有下列步骤:a)取得口腔模型:翻制病患口腔内的形状,而做成一口腔模型;b)取得定位对象及伴随定位对象的数字数据:通过扫瞄设备对该口腔模型进行3D立体扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为定位对象,另外,于该定位对象缺牙处加载一对应牙形的数字缺牙牙齿模型,并定义为伴随定位对象;c)取得参考对象的数字数据:对病患口腔进行断层扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为参考对象;d)设定特征点:设定该定位对象与该参考对象的多个相似点做为特征点;e)定位:由该等特征点进行该定位对象与该参考对象的重迭结合定位,该伴随定位对象即随之定位于该参考对象上;以及f)输出:将该伴随定位对象定位完成后的定位数据连同该伴随定位对象本身输出,所输出的即为一数字植牙规划辅助组件。 A method of generating digital implant planning aids components, primarily through computer-aided and scanning equipment to carry out, the method comprising the following steps: a) obtain oral cavity model: reproduction of the shape of patients with oral cavity, and made an oral model; b) to obtain positioning objects and locating objects accompanying digital data: Through the 3D scanning device scans the oral cavity model, digital model definition to locate objects made, in addition, to locate the object of missing teeth at the load a shape corresponding to the number of missing teeth dental tooth model, and is defined as an object associated with positioning; c) the reference object acquired digital data: for patients with oral cavity tomography, digital model is defined as a reference object acquired; d) setting feature Point: Setting the positioning objects and many similar points as the reference object feature points; e) Location: by those feature points that locate objects and overlapping of objects with the reference position, namely with the accompanying positioning objects Positioning on the reference object; and f) Output: The accompanying positioning data positioning is completed after positioning objects, along with a digital implant planning that is accompanied by positioning ancillary components of the object itself is output, the output.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求l所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤e)中,将该定位对象定位于参考对象上,以完成两者的重迭结合定位。 2. The method of generating digital implant planning aids assembly of claim l, wherein: in step e), the positioning objects positioned on the reference objects to complete overlap between the two combined positioning.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求l所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤f)中,该定位数据至少包含该伴随定位对象的坐标及受力轴向。 3. The method of generating digital implant planning aids assembly according to claim l, wherein: in step f), the positioning data including at least coordinate and stress that accompany axial positioning of objects.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤b)中,该数字缺牙牙齿模型的咬头处分别取出3个点,定义成一咬合平面,并以该数字缺牙牙齿模型的咬窝为基准点,定义一条垂直于该咬合平面的直线,该直线即是该数字缺牙牙齿模型在咬合时的受力轴向。 4. The method of generating a digital planning aids implant assembly according to claim 3, wherein: in step b), the numbers of missing teeth biting tooth model were taken at three points, defined as a bite plane, and The number of missing teeth bite nest dental model as a reference point, the definition of a plane perpendicular to the occlusal straight, the line that is the digital dental model edentulous axial force at the time of occlusion.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求l所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤d)中,该特征点为特定牙齿的咬头、咬窝、牙齿相邻的接触点其中之一。 One of the teeth adjacent contact point where in step d), the feature point for a particular tooth biting, biting nest: 5. A method of generating digital implant planning aids assembly according to claim l, wherein.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求l所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤b)中,该伴随定位对象由标准牙齿数据库中选定出一适合的数字缺牙牙齿模型。 6. The method of generating digital implant planning aids assembly of claim l, wherein: in step b), which is accompanied by a standard dental database to locate objects selected fix a suitable digital edentulous dental models.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求l所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤b)中,该伴随定位对象的选定是根据病患缺牙型态制作出缺牙牙齿模型,并对缺牙牙齿模型扫瞄所产生的数字缺牙牙齿模型。 7. The method of generating digital implant planning aids assembly of claim l, wherein: in step b), which along with the positioning of the selected object was to create a model based on dental edentulous patients missing teeth patterns, and Digital scanning edentulous dental model produced by missing teeth dental model.
  8. 8. —种数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,主要是通过计算机辅助及扫瞄设备来进行的,该方法包含有下列步骤:a) 取得口腔模型:翻制病患口腔内的形状,而做成一口腔模型;b) 制作临时牙套:根据口腔模型型态制作出临时牙套,并于临时牙套上制作多个特定物作为特征点;C)取得定位对象及伴随定位对象的数字数据:通过扫瞄设备对该临时牙套进行3D立体扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为定位对象,且该定位对象具有多个特征点,另外,于该定位对象缺牙处加载一对应牙形的数字缺牙牙齿模型,并定义为伴随定位对象;d) 取得参考对象的数字数据:让病患戴上该临时牙套,对病患口腔进行断层扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为参考对象,且该参考对象具有多个特征点;e) 定位:由该等特征点进行该定位对象与该参考对象的重迭结合定位,该伴随定位对象即随之定位于该参考对象上;以及f)输出:将该伴随定位对象定位完成后的定位数据连同该伴随定位对象本身输出,所输出的即为一数字植牙规划辅助组件。 8. - kind of digital implant planning method for generating an auxiliary component, primarily through computer-aided and scanning equipment to carry out, the method comprising the following steps: a) obtain oral cavity model: reproduction of the shape of the mouth of the patient, and made an oral model; b) making temporary braces: Make a temporary braces The oral model patterns, and make more specific object as feature points on the temporary braces; C) to obtain positioning objects and locating objects accompanying digital data: via Scanning equipment for the temporary braces for 3D stereoscopic scanning, digital model definition to locate objects made, and the positioning objects with multiple feature points, in addition to load a shape corresponding to the number of missing teeth tooth positioning objects in the place of missing teeth tooth model, and is defined as an object associated with positioning; d) to obtain digital data of the reference object: to let patients put on the temporary braces for patients with oral cavity tomography, digital model definition made reference object and the reference object having a plurality of feature points; e) Location: by those feature points that locate objects with overlapping objects that reference a combination of location, along with the accompanying locate the object that is positioned on the reference object; and f) Output: the After positioning data accompanied by positioning objects in conjunction with the accompanying Positioning completed output positioning the object itself, is a digital implant planning aids component output.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求8所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤e)中,将该定位对象定位于参考对象上,以完成两者的重迭结合定位。 9. A method for generating a digital planning aids implant assembly according to claim 8, wherein: in step e), positioning the object positioned on the reference object, to complete the combination of both the overlap positioning.
  10. 10. 根据权利要求8所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤f)中,该定位数据至少包含该伴随定位对象的坐标及受力轴向。 10. A method of generating digital implant planning aids assembly according to claim 8, wherein: in step f), the positioning data including at least coordinate and stress that accompany axial positioning of objects.
  11. 11. 根据权利要求IO所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤C)中, 该数字缺牙牙齿模型的咬头处分别取出3个点,定义成一咬合平面,并以该数字缺牙牙齿模型的咬窝为基准点,定义一条垂直于该咬合平面的直线,该直线即是该数字缺牙牙齿模型在咬合时的受力轴向。 11. The method according to IO generate the required digital implant planning aids assembly, wherein: in step C), the figure at the head of the dental model edentulous bite taken three points, respectively, defined as a bite plane, and The number of missing teeth bite nest dental model as a reference point, the definition of a plane perpendicular to the occlusal straight, the line that is the digital dental model edentulous axial force at the time of occlusion.
  12. 12. 根据权利要求8所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤C)中,该伴随定位对象是由标准牙齿数据库中选定出一适合的数字缺牙牙齿模型。 12. A method for generating a digital planning aids implant assembly according to claim 8, wherein: in step C), accompanied by the locator object is selected by the standard database fix a tooth for tooth model numbers missing teeth.
  13. 13. 根据权利要求8所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤C)中,该伴随定位对象的选定是根据病患缺牙型态制作出缺牙牙齿模型,并对缺牙牙齿模型扫瞄所产生的数字缺牙牙齿模型。 13. A method of generating digital implant planning aids assembly according to claim 8, wherein: in step C), which is accompanied by the positioning of the selected object was to create a model based on dental edentulous patients missing teeth patterns, and Digital scanning edentulous dental model produced by missing teeth dental model.
  14. 14. 根据权利要求8所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤c)中,该临时牙套在3D立体扫瞄前可先套设于该口腔模型上再进行3D立体扫瞄。 Then the 3D sweep in step c), the temporary braces in front of the 3D scanning can be sleeved on the oral cavity model: generating method as claimed in digital implant planning aids assembly of claim 8, wherein aim.
Description  translated from Chinese

数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法 Method of generating digital implant planning aids assembly

技术领域 Technical Field

[0001] 本发明与植牙技术有关,特别是指一种数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法。 [0001] The present invention is related with the implant technique, especially a method for generating a digital implant planning auxiliary components.

背景技术 Background

[0002] 按,公知的植牙技术中,大多着重在骨质环境的评估,而忽略了牙齿对咬优劣的情形。 [0002] press, known implant technique, mostly focused on the assessment of bone environment, while ignoring the merits of the case biting teeth. 一般认为考虑植体在齿颚骨头位置是最重要的一点,之后若植体在植入后,其轴向偏移幅度过大时,再利用有角度的支台齿进行矫正即可。 It is generally believed that consideration jaw bone explants tooth position is the most important thing, if after explant after implantation, the axial offset range is too big, and then use an angled abutment teeth can be corrected.

[0003] 上述做法并非最佳做法,其原因在于,骨质的优劣固然重要,但假如植体的轴向偏离对咬基准面,则上下颚牙齿对咬或咬物体时,植体所承受到的将不只是一个轴向力,而是再加上一弯曲力矩,过大的弯曲力矩将容易破坏该植体与齿槽骨的密合状态,且会减少植体的使用寿命,或造成植体在手术完成的一段时间后骨整合失败。 [0003] The above approach is not the best practice, the reason that the merits of the bone is important, but if the axial offset explants plane to bite, the upper jaw teeth to bite or bite objects that bear explants to not only an axial force, but coupled with a bending moment, excessive bending moment will easily destroy the explants and alveolar bone adhesion state, and will reduce the life of the explants, or cause explants were completed in a period of time after surgery failed osseointegration.

[0004] 再者,如果植体在植入后,其轴向歪斜幅度已经超过该支台齿所能矫正的范围时,则装上假牙后咬合面会整个偏离,牙齿咬合的功能将完全丧失。 [0004] Furthermore, if the explants after implantation, the axial skew rate has exceeded the anchor tooth can correct range, the installation will be back on the occlusal surface throughout deviate dentures, dental occlusion function will be completely lost.

[0005] 有鉴子此,植牙时的植体位置、角度及轴向,即必须在植牙前即做好最佳的规划。 [0005] In view of this child, explant position, angle and axial implant time, that must be good - the best of planning before the implant. 而通过计算机辅助的数字牙模来进行辅助植牙的规划,即是一种可能的选择。 Through computer-aided digital dental implant module to assist in the planning, that is a possible alternative.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

[0006] 本发明的目的在于提供一种数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其可通过计算机 [0006] The object of the present invention to provide a method for generating a digital implant planning ancillary components, which can be computer

辅助,产生出数字牙模的辅助组件,进而使植牙的规划及安装更为精准顺利。 Auxiliary, ancillary components to produce digital dental mold, thereby enabling the implant planning and installation of more precise smoothly.

[0007] 为实现上述目的,本发明提供的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,主要是通过 [0007] To achieve the above purpose, method of generating digital implant planning aids assembly of the present invention provides, mainly through

计算机辅助及扫瞄设备来进行的,该方法包含有下列步骤: Computer-aided and scanning equipment to carry out, the method comprising the steps of:

[0008] a)取得口腔模型:翻制病患口腔内的形状,而做成一口腔模型; [0008] a) obtain oral cavity model: reproduction of the shape of the mouth of the patient, and made an oral model;

[0009] b)取得定位对象及伴随定位对象的数字数据:通过扫瞄设备对该口腔模型进行3D立体扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为定位对象,另外,于该定位对象缺牙处加载一对应牙形的数字缺牙牙齿模型,并定义为伴随定位对象; [0009] b) obtain positioning objects and locating objects accompanying digital data: Through the 3D scanning device scans the oral cavity model, digital model definition to locate objects made, in addition, to the positioning objects loaded at an edentulous tooth shape corresponding to the number of missing teeth teeth model, and is defined as the accompanying positioning objects;

[0010] c)取得参考对象的数字数据:对病患口腔进行断层扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为参考对象; [0010] c) the reference object acquired digital data: for patients with oral cavity tomography, digital model is defined as a reference object acquired;

[0011] d)设定特征点:设定该定位对象与该参考对象的复数相似点做为特征点; [0011] d) setting a feature point: Set the positioning objects with complex objects similar to the reference point as a feature point;

[0012] e)定位:由该等特征点进行该定位对象与该参考对象的重迭结合定位,该伴随定 [0012] e) Location: by those feature points that locate objects and overlapping of objects with the reference position, the accompanying set

位对象即随之定位于该参考对象上;以及 Bit object that is subsequently positioned on the reference object; and

[0013] f)输出:将该伴随定位对象定位完成后的定位数据连同该伴随定位对象本身输出,所输出的即为一数字植牙规划辅助组件。 [0013] f) Output: positioning the object localization location data along with such a digital implant planning is accompanied by positioning ancillary components of the object itself is output, the output of finished.

[0014] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤e)中,主要将该定位对象定位于参考对象上,以完成两者的重迭结合定位。 Generation method [0014] The digital implant planning aids assembly, wherein: in step e), the main object is positioned on the positioning reference objects to complete overlap between the two combined positioning.

[0015] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤f)中,该定位数据至少包含该伴随定位对象的坐标及受力轴向。 Digital implant planning aids produce components [0015], wherein: in step f), the positioning data including at least coordinate and stress that accompany axial positioning of objects. [0016] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤b)中,该数字缺牙牙齿模型的咬头处分别取出3个点,定义成一咬合平面,并以该数字缺牙牙齿模型的咬窝为基准点,定义一条垂直于该咬合平面的直线,该直线即是该数字缺牙牙齿模型在咬合时的受力轴向。 Digital implant planning aids produce components [0016], wherein: in step b), the figure at the head of the dental model edentulous bite taken three points, respectively, defined as a bite plane, and that number missing posterior teeth model biting nest as a reference point, the definition of a plane perpendicular to the occlusal straight, the line that is the digital dental model edentulous axial force at the time of occlusion.

[0017] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤d)中,该特征点为特定牙齿的咬头、咬窝、牙齿相邻的接触点其中之一。 Digital implant planning aids produce components [0017], wherein: in step d), the feature point for a particular tooth biting, biting nest, one of the teeth adjacent contact point therein.

[0018] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤b)中,该伴随定位对象由标准牙齿数据库中选定出一适合的数字缺牙牙齿模型。 Digital implant planning aids produce components [0018], wherein: in step b), which is accompanied by a standard dental database to locate objects selected fix a suitable digital edentulous dental models.

[0019] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤b)中,该伴随定位对象的选定是根据病患缺牙型态制作出缺牙牙齿模型,并对缺牙牙齿模型扫瞄所产生的数字缺牙牙齿模型。 Digital implant planning aids produce components [0019], wherein: in step b), which along with the positioning of the selected object was to create a model based on dental edentulous patients missing teeth patterns, missing teeth and teeth scan digital model generated by missing teeth dental model.

[0020] 本发明还提供一种数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,主要通过计算机辅助及扫瞄设备来进行的,该方法包含有下列步骤: [0020] The present invention also provides a method for generating a digital implant planning aids components, primarily through computer-aided and scanning equipment to carry out, the method comprising the steps of:

[0021] a)取得口腔模型:翻制病患口腔内的形状,而做成一口腔模型; [0021] a) obtain oral cavity model: reproduction of the shape of the mouth of the patient, and made an oral model;

[0022] b)制作临时牙套:根据口腔模型型态制作出临时牙套,并于临时牙套上制作复数特定物作为特征点; [0022] b) making temporary braces: Make a temporary braces The oral model patterns, and making the complex was used as a specific feature points on the temporary braces;

[0023] c)取得定位对象及伴随定位对象的数字数据:通过扫瞄设备对该临时牙套进行3D立体扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为定位对象,且该定位对象具有复数个特征点,另外,于该定位对象缺牙处加载一对应牙形的数字缺牙牙齿模型,并定义为伴随定位对象;[0024] d)取得参考对象的数字数据:让病患戴上该临时牙套,对病患口腔进行断层扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为参考对象,且该参考对象具有复数个特征点; [0023] c) acquire positioning objects and locating objects accompanying digital data: via scanning device scans the temporary braces stereoscopic 3D digital model definition to locate objects made, and the positioning object has a plurality of feature points, in addition loading a shape corresponding to the number of missing teeth tooth dental model in tooth loss at the positioning objects, and is defined as accompanied by positioning objects; [0024] d) obtain digital data of the reference object: Let the patient wear the temporary braces for disease suffering from oral cavity tomography, digital model definition made reference object and the reference object having a plurality of feature points;

[0025] e)定位:由该等特征点进行该定位对象与该参考对象的重迭结合定位,该伴随定位对象即随之定位于该参考对象上;以及 [0025] e) Location: by those feature points that locate objects with overlapping objects that reference a combination of location, along with the accompanying locate the object that is positioned on the reference object; and

[0026] f)输出:将该伴随定位对象定位完成后的定位数据连同该伴随定位对象本身输出,所输出的即为一数字植牙规划辅助组件。 [0026] f) Output: positioning the object localization location data along with such a digital implant planning is accompanied by positioning ancillary components of the object itself is output, the output of finished.

[0027] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤e)中,主要将该定位对象定位于参考对象上,以完成两者的重迭结合定位。 Digital implant planning aids produce components [0027], wherein: in step e), the main object is positioned on the positioning reference objects to complete overlap between the two combined positioning.

[0028] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤f)中,该定位数据至少包含该伴随定位对象的坐标及受力轴向。 Generation method [0028] The digital implant planning aids assembly, wherein: in step f), the positioning data includes at least the accompanying coordinate positioning objects and axial force.

[0029] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤C)中,该数字缺牙牙齿模型的咬头处分别取出3个点,定义成一咬合平面,并以该数字缺牙牙齿模型的咬窝为基准点,定义一条垂直于该咬合平面的直线,该直线即是该数字缺牙牙齿模型在咬合时的受力轴向。 Digital implant planning aids produce components [0029], wherein: in step C), the figure at the head of the dental model edentulous bite taken three points, respectively, defined as a bite plane, and that number missing posterior teeth model biting nest as a reference point, the definition of a plane perpendicular to the occlusal straight, the line that is the digital dental model edentulous axial force at the time of occlusion.

[0030] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤C)中,该伴随定位对象是由标准牙齿数据库中选定出一适合的数字缺牙牙齿模型。 Digital implant planning aids produce components [0030], wherein: in step C), which is accompanied by a standard dental locate the object is selected database fix a number of missing teeth for dental models.

[0031] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤C)中,该伴随定位对象的选定是根据病患缺牙型态制作出缺牙牙齿模型,并对缺牙牙齿模型扫瞄所产生的数字缺牙牙齿模型。 Digital implant planning aids produce components [0031], wherein: in step C), which along with the selected object is positioned to produce edentulous patients missing teeth dental model based on patterns, and missing teeth teeth scan digital model generated by missing teeth dental model.

[0032] 所述的数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,其中:于步骤C)中,该临时牙套在3D Digital implant planning aids produce components [0032], wherein: in step C), the temporary braces in 3D

5立体扫瞄前可先套设于该口腔模型上再进行3D立体扫瞄。 Top 5 three-dimensional scanning can be sleeved then scan the 3D model on the mouth.

[0033] 由上述步骤,可产生出数字植牙规划辅助组件,进而使植牙的规划及安装更为精准顺利。 [0033] From the above steps, you can generate a digital implant planning ancillary components, thereby enabling the implant planning and installation of more precise smoothly.

附图说明 Brief Description

[0034] 图1是本发明第一较佳实施例的步骤流程图。 [0034] FIG. 1 is a step of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, a flow chart.

[0035] 图2是本发明第一较佳实施例的示意图,显示口腔模型的形态。 [0035] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, the oral form of the model is displayed.

[0036] 图3是本发明第一较佳实施例的示意图,显示定位对象的形态。 [0036] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, the display mode of positioning objects.

[0037] 图4是本发明第一较佳实施例的示意图,显示定位对象与伴随定位对象结合的形态。 [0037] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, showing the positioning objects in conjunction with the accompanying form of positioning objects.

[0038] 图5是本发明第一较佳实施例的示意图,显示牙齿咬合的受力轴向。 [0038] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, showing the axial force the teeth bite.

[0039] 图6是本发明第一较佳实施例的示意图,显示参考对象的形态。 [0039] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, the display form of the reference object.

[0040] 图7是本发明第一较佳实施例的示意图,显示定位时的状态。 [0040] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, showing the state of positioning.

[0041] 图8是本发明第一较佳实施例的示意图,显示定位完成后的状态。 [0041] FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a first preferred embodiment of the present invention, showing the state after the completion of the positioning.

[0042] 图9是本发明第二较佳实施例的步骤流程图。 [0042] FIG. 9 is a step of a second preferred embodiment of the present invention, a flow chart.

[0043] 图10是本发明第二较佳实施例的示意图,显示病患口腔的形态。 [0043] FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a second preferred embodiment of the present invention, the display form of the oral cavity of patients.

[0044] 图11是本发明第二较佳实施例的示意图,显示临时牙套的形态。 [0044] FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of the second preferred embodiment of the present invention, a display form of temporary braces.

[0045] 图12是本发明第二较佳实施例的示意图,显示病患戴上临时牙套的状态。 [0045] FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of the second preferred embodiment of the present invention, showing the state of patients put on temporary braces.

[0046] 附图中主要组件符号说明: [0046] The figures illustrate the major component symbol:

[0047] 11 口腔模型 [0047] Oral model 11

[0048] 12定位对象 [0048] 12 is positioned objects

[0049] 121特征点 [0049] 121 feature points

[0050] 13数字缺牙牙齿模型 [0050] 13 digital edentulous dental model

[0051] 14伴随定位对象 [0051] 14 accompanied by positioning objects

[0052] 16参考对象 [0052] 16 of the reference object

[0053] 161特征点 [0053] 161 feature points

[0054] 21 口腔模型 [0054] Oral model 21

[0055] 22定位对象 [0055] 22 positioning objects

[0056] 221特征点 [0056] 221 feature points

[0057] 23数字缺牙牙齿模型 [0057] 23 digital edentulous dental model

[0058] 24伴随定位对象 [0058] 24 accompanied by positioning objects

[0059] 26参考对象 [0059] 26 of the reference object

[0060] 261特征点 [0060] 261 feature points

[0061] 29临时牙套 [0061] 29 temporary braces

[0062] 291特征点 [0062] 291 feature points

[0063] H咬合平面 [0063] H occlusal plane

[0064] X直线 [0064] X straight

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0065] 为了详细说明本发明的技术特点所在,举以下二较佳实施例并配合附图说明如后,其中: [0065] For a detailed description of the technical characteristics of the present invention, where, for the following two preferred embodiments accompanied with figures are described next, including:

[0066] 如图1所示,本发明第一较佳实施例所提供的一种数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,包含有下列步骤: [0066] 1, the production method of the present invention is a digital implant planning a first preferred embodiment of an auxiliary component provided, comprising the steps of:

[0067] a)取得口腔模型:如图2所示,翻制病患口腔内的形状,而做成一口腔模型11 。 [0067] a) obtain oral cavity model: As shown in Figure 2, the reproduction of the shape of the mouth of the patient, and made an oral cavity model 11. [0068] b)取得定位对象及伴随定位对象的数字数据:如图3至图4所示,通过扫瞄设备(图中未示)对该口腔模型11进行3D立体扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为定位对象12,另外,于该定位对象12上缺牙处由一标准牙齿数据库(图中未示)中加载对应牙形的一数字缺牙牙齿模型13,并定义为伴随定位对象14。 Digital model 3 to FIG. 4, three-dimensional scans of 3D model of the mouth 11 by scanning device (not shown), made: [0068] b) obtain positioning objects and locating objects accompanying digital data 12 is defined as positioning objects, in addition, to locate objects on the 12 edentulous dental office by a standard database (not shown) is loaded in a digital form corresponding to the tooth missing teeth dental model 13, and is defined as 14 accompanied by positioning objects. 又,该伴随定位对象14亦可是根据病患缺牙型态制作出缺牙牙齿模型(图中未示)后,再对该缺牙牙齿模型扫瞄所产生的数字缺牙牙齿模型13。 And, this can also be accompanied by positioning the object 14 to produce edentulous dental model (not shown) according to patterns in patients with missing teeth, and then scan the digital edentulous dental model produced by missing teeth dental model 13. 对该数字缺牙牙齿模型13的咬头处取出3个点,定义成一咬合平面H,并以该数字缺牙牙齿模型13的咬窝为基准点,定义一垂直于该咬合平面H的直线X,其状态如图5所示,该直线X即是该数字缺牙牙齿模型13在咬合时的受力轴向。 The digital dental model edentulous bite taken three points at the head, defined as a bite plane H, and the digital dental model edentulous bite nest 13 of 13 as a reference point, defining a plane perpendicular to the occlusal H linear X , its state shown in Figure 5, the straight line X that is the digital edentulous dental model 13 in the axial direction when the force of occlusion. 其中,由于标准牙齿数据库属公知技术,且已泛见于各个牙齿辅助设计软件,因此无图式表示的必要。 Among these, the case of a known standard dental database technology, and has been seen in various dental pan-aided design software, so no need schematic representation. [0069] c)取得参考对象的数字数据:对病患口腔进行断层扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为参考对象16,如图6所示。 [0069] c) the reference object acquired digital data: for patients with oral cavity tomography, digital model is defined as the reference object acquired 16, as shown in Fig.

[0070] d)设定特征点:设定该定位对象12与该参考对象16的复数相似点做为特征点121、161。 [0070] d) setting a feature point: setting a plurality of locating objects that reference objects 12 and 16 of the similarities of feature points as 121,161. 本实施例中的该等特征点121U61为特定牙齿的咬头、咬窝、牙齿相邻的接触点其中之一,特征点121, 161分别示于图3及图6。 One example of such contact points feature points 121U61 the present embodiment for a particular tooth biting, biting nest, where the teeth adjacent feature points 121, 161 are shown in Figs. 3 and 6.

[0071] e)定位:图7所示,由该等特征点121, 161进行该定位对象12与该参考对象16的重迭结合定位,亦即,使该定位对象12的特征点121重迭于该参考对象16的特征点161,进而将该定位对象12定位于该参考对象16上。 [0071] e) Location: FIG. 7, by those feature points 121, 161 of the positioning objects 12 and 16 of the reference object overlapping combination of location, that is, so that the positioning object feature point 12 of 121 overlap to the reference object feature point 161 16, thereby positioning the target 12 is positioned on the reference object 16. 该伴随定位对象14即随之定位于该参考对象16上,以此即可得到该伴随定位对象14定位后的定位数据,如图8所示。 The accompanying Positioning objects 14 that is subsequently positioned on the reference object 16, in order to obtain the location data associated with locating objects 14 after positioning shown in Figure 8. 在执行时,通过计算机来进行此种重迭结合定位的动作。 When executed by a computer to carry out such an overlapping combination of targeted action.

[0072] f)输出:将该伴随定位对象14定位完成后的定位数据(图中未示)连同该伴随定位对象14本身输出,所输出的即为一数字植牙规划辅助组件。 [0072] f) Output: positioning the object 14 is positioned along the completion of the positioning data (not shown) together with the accompanying locate the object 14 itself output is a digital implant planning aids component output. 其中,该定位数据至少包含了该伴随定位对象14的坐标以及受力轴向。 Wherein the positioning data contains the coordinates and locate objects along the axial force of at least 14.

[0073] 由上述步骤,可在植牙前即事先即形成一个数字植牙规划辅助组件,而该数字植牙规划辅助组件包含了该伴随定位对象14(即数字缺牙牙齿模型13的数字模型)以及该伴随定位对象14的定位数据(即坐标及受力轴向等相关资料)。 [0073] From the above steps, you can implant that is, before the pre-implant planning that the formation of a digital auxiliary components, and the digital implant planning auxiliary components include a digital model of the accompanying locate the object 14 (ie digital edentulous dental model 13 ) and accompanying positioning object location data 14 (ie coordinate and axial forces and other relevant information). 此数字植牙规划辅助组件可方便牙医师在植牙前了解病患牙齿对咬状况,植牙的角度及位置,增加植牙的正确性。 This digital implant planning aids assembly can be easily dentist before dental implant patients understand the status of the bite, the angle and position of the implant, increasing the accuracy of the implant. 又,通过计算机的画面来显示该数字植牙规划辅助组件时,可让医师与病患在手术前即可预先得知手术后的结果,图8即显示此种预测的结果。 Also, through the computer screen to display the digital implant planning ancillary components, allowing physicians and patients before surgery can know in advance the results of surgery, and Figure 8 is displayed such predictable results.

[0074] 再如图9至图12所示,本发明第二较佳实施例所提供的一种数字植牙规划辅助组件的产生方法,包含有下列步骤: [0074] Then, as shown in FIG. 9 to 12, a preferred method for generating the second digital implant planning aids assembly embodiment of the present invention is provided, comprising the steps of:

[0075] a)取得口腔模型:翻制病患口腔内的形状,而做成一口腔模型21。 [0075] a) obtain oral cavity model: reproduction of the shape of the mouth of the patient, and made an oral cavity model 21.

[0076] b)制作临时牙套:根据该口腔模型型态制作出一临时牙套29,并于该临时牙套29 [0076] b) making temporary braces: According to the oral cavity model to produce a temporary braces patterns 29 and 29 in the temporary braces

上制作复数特定物作为特征点291。 The production complex was used as a specific feature point 291.

[0077] c)取得定位对象及伴随定位对象的数字数据:通过扫瞄设备(图中未示)对该口腔模型21进行3D立体扫瞄,取得的数字模型定义为定位对象22,且该定位对象22上具有 [0077] c) acquire positioning objects and locating objects accompanying digital data: via scanning device (not shown) of the oral cavity model 21 stereoscopic 3D scanning, digital model definition to locate objects made 22, and the positioning 22 objects have

7复数个特征点221。 7 221 a plurality of feature points. 又,在对该口腔模型21进行3D立体扫瞄前,亦可先将该临时牙套29套设于该口腔模型21上再进行3D立体扫瞄,而可由该临时牙套29本身的特征点291来形成出该定位对象22上的特征点221。 Further, in the front of the mouth 21 of the 3D scan model, is also the first 29 sets of the temporary braces located in the oral cavity model 21 then the 3D scanning, and by the temporary braces itself features 29 points to 291 forming a feature point of the positioning objects 22 221. 另外,于该定位对象22上缺牙处由一标准牙齿数据库(图中未示)中加载对应牙形的一数字缺牙牙齿模型23,并定义为伴随定位对象24。 In addition, on 22 missing teeth at the dental locate objects by a standard database (not shown) is loaded in a digital form corresponding to the tooth missing teeth dental model 23, and is defined as 24 accompanied by positioning objects. 又, 该伴随定位对象24亦可是根据病患缺牙型态制作出缺牙牙齿模型(图中未示)后,再对该缺牙牙齿模型扫瞄所产生的数字缺牙牙齿模型23。 And, this can also be accompanied by positioning the object 24 to produce edentulous dental model (not shown) according to patterns in patients with missing teeth, and then scan the digital edentulous dental model produced by missing teeth dental model 23. 对该数字缺牙牙齿模型23的咬头处取出3个点,定义成一咬合平面H,并以该数字缺牙牙齿模型23的咬窝为基准点,定义一垂直于该咬合平面H的直线X,该直线X即是该数字缺牙牙齿模型23在咬合时的受力轴向。 The digital dental model edentulous bite taken three points at the head, defined as a bite plane H, and the digital dental model edentulous bite nest 23 of 23 as a reference point, defining a plane perpendicular to the occlusal H linear X The straight line X that is the digital dental model 23 edentulous axial force at the time of occlusion. 其中,由于标准牙齿数据库属公知技术,且已泛见于各个牙齿辅助设计软件,因此无图式表示的必要。 Among these, the case of a known standard dental database technology, and has been seen in various dental pan-aided design software, so no need schematic representation.

[0078] d)取得参考对象的数字数据:让病患戴上该临时牙套29,对病患口腔进行断层扫 [0078] d) obtain digital data of the reference object: Let the patient wear the temporary braces 29, for patients with oral cavity tomography

瞄,取得的数字模型定义为参考对象26,且该参考对象具有复数个特征点261。 Aiming, digital model definition made reference objects 26, and the reference object 261 has a plurality of feature points.

[0079] e)定位:由该等特征点221, 261进行该定位对象22与该参考对象26的重迭结合 [0079] e) Location: by those feature points 221, 261, 22 in conjunction with the positioning objects that reference objects overlap 26

定位,亦即,使该定位对象22的特征点221重迭于该参考对象26的特征点261,进而将该定 Positioning, that is, so that the positioning object feature point 22 of 221 overlaps the reference object feature point 26 of 261, and then the set

位对象22定位于该参考对象26上。 22-bit object positioned on the reference object 26. 该伴随定位对象24即随之定位于该参考对象26上, The accompanying Positioning objects 24 that is subsequently positioned on the reference object 26,

藉此即可得到该伴随定位对象24定位后的定位数据。 Whereby you can get the accompanying positioning data positioning objects 24 after positioning. 在执行时,系通过计算机来进行此种 When executed by a computer system to carry out such

重迭结合定位的动作。 Overlap conjunction with the positioning of the action.

[0080] f)输出:将该伴随定位对象24定位完成后的定位数据(图中未示)连同该伴随定位对象24本身输出,所输出者即为一数字植牙规划辅助组件。 [0080] f) Output: positioning the object 24 along the positioning after the completion of the positioning data (not shown) together with the accompanying locate the object 24 itself output, the output is a digital implant planning by auxiliary components. 其中,该定位数据至少包含了该伴随定位对象24的坐标以及受力轴向。 Wherein the positioning data contains the coordinates and locate objects along the axial force of at least 24.

[0081] 本第二实施例大体上与第一实施例相同,不同的处在于增加了一临时牙套19的设置,可用来全口缺牙的病患进行植牙规划。 [0081] The second embodiment is substantially the same as the first embodiment, except that the addition of a temporary braces set 19 can be used to full mouth edentulous patients were implant planning.

[0082] 由上可知,本发明所可达成的功效在于:通过计算机辅助,可产生出数字植牙规划辅助组件,进而使植牙的规划及安装更为精准顺利。 [0082] From the foregoing, the present invention can achieve the effect that: computer-aided, can produce digital implant planning ancillary components, thereby enabling the implant planning and installation of more precise smoothly.

8 8

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Classifications
International ClassificationG06Q50/22, A61B6/14, A61C8/00
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