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Publication numberCN100465858 C
Publication typeGrant
Application numberCN 03136244
Publication date4 Mar 2009
Filing date20 May 2003
Priority date20 May 2003
Also published asCN1549092A
Publication number03136244.3, CN 03136244, CN 100465858 C, CN 100465858C, CN-C-100465858, CN03136244, CN03136244.3, CN100465858 C, CN100465858C
Inventors黄建中
Applicant宇瞻科技股份有限公司
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: SIPO, Espacenet
Flash disk for loading operating system
CN 100465858 C
Abstract  translated from Chinese
本发明是关于一种将操作系统加载到计算机系统的闪速存储储存盘。 The present invention relates to an operating system loaded into the computer system of flash memory storage disk. 特别是,一种以软盘驱动接口(Floppy Disk Drive Interface,简称FDDI)的闪速存储储存盘(FLASH Disk)来取代传统的软盘机和软盘片的修复操作系统功能的设备。 In particular, a floppy disk drive interface (Floppy Disk Drive Interface, called FDDI) flash memory storage disk (FLASH Disk) to replace the traditional operating system functions to repair equipment and a floppy disk in the floppy disk drive. 本发明可进一步以闪速存储储存芯片模块的型态,来实施将操作系统加载到计算机系统的程序。 The present invention may further be stored in a flash memory chip module type, to implement the operating system loaded into the computer system procedures.
Claims(7)  translated from Chinese
1. 一种闪速存储储存盘,包含有:装设有一软盘驱动接口控制器、和一闪速存储元件的电路板,其特征为:与计算机主机的软盘驱动器之间,藉由软盘驱动接口,以所述软盘驱动接口控制器执行所述闪速存储元件内的固件开机程序,在起动计算机之后,可以通过软盘驱动接口,直接从所述闪速存储元件的固件执行起动操作系统的动作。 A flash memory storage disk, comprising: provided with a floppy disk drive interface controller, and board a flash memory device, wherein: between the host computer and a floppy disk drive, with the floppy disk drive interface to the floppy disk drive interface controller executes the boot firmware flash memory element within the program, after starting the computer, you can drive interface via floppy disk, start the operating system to perform actions directly from the firmware of the flash memory device.
2. 如权利要求1所述的闪速存储储存盘,其中,所述电路板上的所述软盘驱动接口控制器是通过所述软盘驱动接口,来和软盘驱动器作连接o 2. The flash memory storage disk as claimed in claim 1, wherein the floppy disk drive interface controller on the circuit board is through the floppy disk drive interface, and floppy drive to make connection o
3. 如权利要求1所述的闪速存储储存盘,其中,所述闪速存储储存盘与主机板之间可藉由FDDI连接端子来加以连接,该FDDI连接端子的连接脚数为34脚。 3. The flash memory storage disk as claimed in claim 1, wherein can be connected to the terminal by FDDI connection between the flash memory storage disk and motherboard, the number of connections to the FDDI connection terminal pin 34 feet .
4. 如权利要求1所述的闪速存储储存盘,其中,所迷闪速存储储存盘可被使用在便携式计算机中。 The flash memory storage disk as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fan flash memory storage disk can be used in portable computers.
5. —种闪速存储储存芯片模块,包含有一软盘驱动接口控制器、和一闪速存储元件的闪速存储储存盘,其特征为:与主机的软盘驱动器之间,蔣由软盘驱动接口,以所述软盘驱动接口控制器执行所迷闪速存储元件内的固件开机程序,在起动计算机之后,可以通过软盘驱动接口, 直接从所述闪速存储元件的固件执行起动操作系统的动作。 5. - kind of flash memory storage chip module, which contains a floppy disk drive interface controller, and flash memory storage disk a flash memory device, wherein: between the host and the floppy disk drive, Jiang from the floppy disk drive interface, In the floppy disk drive interface controller firmware boot program executes the fans inside the flash memory device, after starting the computer, you can drive interface via floppy disk, start the operating system to perform actions directly from the firmware of the flash memory device.
6. 如权利要求5所述的闪速存储储存芯片模块,其中,所述闪速存储储存芯片模块中的所述软盘驱动接口控制器是通过所述软盘驱动接口, 来和软盘驱动器作连接。 6. The flash memory storage chip module according to claim 5, wherein the flash memory chip module stored in the floppy disk drive interface controller is through the floppy disk drive interface, and floppy drive to make the connection.
7. 如权利要求5所述的闪速存储储存芯片模块,其中,所迷闪速存储储存芯片模块可被使用在笔记型计算机中。 7. The flash memory storage chip module according to claim 5, wherein the fan flash memory storage chip module can be used in notebook computers.
Description  translated from Chinese

用来加载操作系统的闪速存储储存盘 To load the operating system flash memory storage disk

技术领域 Technical Field

本发明的闪速存储储存盘,是一种使用闪速存储元件,藉由软盘驱动接口控制器,通过软盘驱动接口,连接到计算机主机上的软盘驱动器,来取代软盘机的操作系统修护功能的装置。 Flash memory storage disk of the present invention is a use flash memory element, with the floppy disk drive interface controller via the floppy drive interface to connect to a floppy drive on the host computer, the operating system to replace the floppy drive repair function devices. 藉由本发明的闪速存储储存盘,可以将其中的操作系统数据通过驱动接口,传输到计算机主机的随机存取存储器中来进行修护操作。 With flash memory storage disk of the present invention, in which the operating system data via the drive interface, transfer to the random access memory in the host computer to perform repair operations.

背景技术 Background

现今计算机系统已在社会中被广泛地运用,其基本架构是由具有单个系统处理器的系统单元、显示器、键盘、 一至数个软盘驱动器、硬盘储存器等所組成。 Today's computer systems have been widely used in society, the basic architecture is composed of a single system processor system unit, monitor, keyboard, one to several floppy drive, hard disk storage, etc. of the composition. 这种系统的特点之一,是使用将这些装置以电性连接在一起的主机板或系统主机板。 One of the characteristics of such a system is to use these means electrically connected together motherboard or system board. 这些系统的主要设计目的是要给单一使用者提供独立的计算能力,而对个人或对小企业而言,购买这些系统的价格是不贵的。 The main purpose of these systems is designed to give a single user to give independent computing capability, and individuals or for small businesses, the purchase price of these systems are not expensive.

已知的通过软盘控制接口来加栽操作方式,是以具有软盘机的驱动器, Known to increase plant operating mode via floppy disk controller interfaces, it is having a floppy drive,

通过软盘机或USB接口的存储卡来储存或加栽操作系统的设备和方法。 To save or add plant operating system device and method for floppy drive or memory card through USB interface. 在已知的计算机系统中,包舍了中央处理单元、随机存取存储器、只读存储器、 硬盘、软盘机、开关装置。 In known computer systems, including the homes of the central processing unit, random access memory, read only memory, hard disk, floppy disk drive, switch devices. 其中,只读存储器包含了BIOS的第一部份,在操作时,该部份进入初始化系统并检测电性连接到系统处理器的开关装置的状态。 Wherein the read only memory includes a first portion of the BIOS, in operation, it initializes the system and enter the part of the detection system is electrically connected to the processor state switching device. 如果没有硬盘,或者是硬盘处于无法运作的状态,或者是硬盘上的主引导记录无效的话,则BIOS可以从软盘机读入主引导记录(Master Boot Record)。 If there is no hard disk or hard drive can not operate in the state, or the master boot record on the hard disk is invalid, then the BIOS can be read into the main boot record (Master Boot Record) from the floppy disk drive.

不管是从石更盘加栽,或者是从软盘机加栽,主引导记录包括数据段和可执行的代码段。 Whether adding more disks from stone plant, or from a floppy disk drive plus plant, the master boot record includes a data segment and an executable code segment. 数据段包括了表示系统硬件的数据和表示与主引导记录兼容的系统配置的数据。 Data segment includes data representing system hardware and system configuration represents the master boot record compatible data. BIOS第一部份将控制传送给可执行的代码段,而可执行的代码段通过校验主引导记录的数据每个的数据与储存在代表系统处理 The first part of the BIOS transfers control to the executable code segment, and segments of code executable boot record data for each of the data processing and storage system by checking in on behalf of the master

器的只读存储器,系统主机板以及1/0配置的数据的一致性,来确认主引导记录与系统硬件的兼容性。 The read-only memory, system board and the consistency 1/0 configuration data to confirm the master boot record and system hardware compatibility.

如果主引导记录与系统硬件兼容的话,则可执行的代码段确认系统配置并没有修改,并从硬盘驱动器或从软盘机将操作系统的部份加栽到随机存取存储器中。 If the master boot record and system hardware is compatible, then you can confirm the system configuration snippet is executed without modification, and from the hard drive or floppy drive from part of the operating system plus plummeted random access memory. 然后可执行的代码段校验操作系统部份的可靠性,并引导系统处理器开始执行在随机存取存储器中的操作系统,并开始进行计算机系统的操作。 Then snippet verify the reliability of the operating system portion of the executable, and boot the system processor to begin executing the operating system in a random access memory, and start operation of the computer system.

现今市面上所流行的软盘机为1.44MB的容量规格,但是这种1.44MB的容量规格的磁盘驱动器的容量太小,且其存取数据的功能容易被其它可携式储存装置(例如USB接口的储存卡等)所取代,所以该1.44MB的容量规格的软盘机已逐渐被个人计算机产业视为多余的装置。 The popular market today as the 1.44MB floppy disk drive capacities, but such a 1.44MB disk drive capacity sizes too small, and the function which is easily accessible to other portable data storage devices (such as USB Interface memory card, etc.) are replaced, so that the 1.44MB floppy disk drive capacities have gradually been regarded as the personal computer industry excess devices.

然而,由于现行的操作系统仍需使用1.44MB的容量规格的磁盘片来作为系统的修护磁盘,所以在现今市面上一般的计算机外设配件中,仍然普遍存在着这种1.44MB的容量规j各的4欠盘机。 However, since the operating system to continue to use the existing capacity of 1.44MB disk specifications sheet as system repair disk, so in today's computer peripheral accessories market in general, there is still widespread 1.44MB capacity of this Regulation j each 4 Less disk drive. 所以,就存耳又的容量而言,如上所述已逐渐被其它更大容量的装置取代,若能进一步取代软盘机的开机修护的功能的话,则计算机的软盘机就没有存在的必要了。 So, keep the ear and the capacity, as described above has gradually been replaced by a larger capacity unit, if further substituted floppy boot repair function, then the computer's floppy disk drive is no longer necessary . 本发明所欲解决的课题,就在于以成本更低、体积更小的软盘驱动接口的闪速存储储存模块来取代软盘机的开机修护的功能。 The present invention is seeking to resolve the issue, it lies at a lower cost, smaller floppy disk drive interface of flash memory storage module to replace the floppy boot repair function. 如此一来,计算机就不再需要软盘机,大大地节省了个人计算机内部所需的空间。 In this way, the computer will no longer need the floppy disk drive, greatly save the space required inside the personal computer. 即使遇上需要修护操作系统的情况,也可以直接由本发明的模块直接进行,省却了找寻修护磁盘的功夫。 Even if the case meets the need to repair the operating system, or directly directly by the module of the present invention obviates the effort to find repair disk. 对使用者而言,可以说既省钱又方便。 For users, it can be said both economical and convenient.

发明内容 DISCLOSURE

本发明是为了解决所述问题而开发的。 The present invention is made to solve the problems of development. 作为本发明的手段之一,是具有从计算机系统中的闪速存储储存盘来加载操作系统的设备及方法。 As one of the means of the present invention is a computer system from a flash memory storage disk to load the device and method of operating the system. 换言之, 在于提供一种通过软盘驱动接口连接到主机板上的软盘驱动器上,使计算机能开机的闪速存储储存盘。 In other words, to provide a floppy drive connector on the floppy disk drive on the system board so that the computer can boot via flash memory storage disk. 本发明不需修改计算机中的BIOS,即能具有开机修复操作系统的功能。 The present invention does not modify the computer BIOS, that can have the power to repair the operating system functions.

本发明的另一手段,是以计算机系统的闪速存储储存芯片模块的方式来加载操作系统的设备及方法。 Another means of the present invention is based on flash memory storage chip module to the computer system to load the operating system of the device and methods. 换言之,在于提供一种直接装配在计算机主机板上,通过软盘驱动接口驱动主机板上的软盘驱动器来开机的闪速存储储存 In other words, is to provide a directly mounted on the computer motherboard, floppy diskette drive drive drive interface on the motherboard to boot flash memory storage

芯片模块。 Chip module. 同样地,不需修改计算机中的BIOS,即能具有开机修复操作系统的功能。 Likewise, without modifying the computer BIOS, that is able to repair the operating system with power features.

参考图l,为了实现所述目的,本发明所提供的闪速存储储存盘(160), 包含一本体内装一电路板(150),该电路板(150)结合了一软盘驱动接口控制器(130),该电路板(150)藉由一软盘驱动接口(]20),与计算机主机板(170)上的软盘驱动器(110)相连接。 With reference to Figure l, in order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides a flash memory storage disk (160), comprising a body that encloses a circuit board (150), the circuit board (150) in combination with a floppy disk drive interface controller ( 130), the circuit board (150) by a floppy disk drive interface (] 20), and computer motherboards (170) floppy disk drive (110) is connected.

本发明的闪速存储储存盘(160),主要是在闪速存储储存模块的本体上装设电路板(150),该电路板(]50)上装设有闪速存储元件(140),侧边装设有软盘驱动接口控制器(130),通过软盘驱动接口(120)来与主机板 Flash memory storage disk (160) of the present invention, the main circuit board is mounted (150) on the body of a flash memory storage module, the circuit board (] 50) provided with a flash memory element tops (140), the side provided with a floppy disk drive interface controller (130), via a floppy disk drive interface (120) to communicate with the motherboard

(170)上的软盘驱动器(110)相连接。 Floppy disk drive (110) (170) is connected.

本发明是利用闪速存储储存盘(160)上的电路板(150)中的软盘驱动接口控制器(130)来仿真类似软盘机的动作,读取闪速存储元件(140)中所储存的韧体数据,并转换成磁盘驱动器的数据格式,再利用软盘驱动接口 The present invention is a circuit board use flash memory storage disk (160) (150) in the floppy disk drive interface controller (130) to simulate the operation is similar to the floppy drive to read a flash memory element (140) is stored firmware data, and convert the disk drive data format, and then use the floppy disk drive interface

(]20)来和软盘驱动器(110)相连接,使数据传送到计算机主系统。 (] 20) and a floppy disk drive (110) is connected, so that data is transmitted to the main computer system. 依此实施手段,不必修改计算机中原有的BIOS的硬件系统,只要有软盘驱动接口(120)即可插上使用,使闪速存储储存盘(160)能提供计算机主机的开机功能。 So the means of implementation, without having to modify any original BIOS computer hardware systems, as long as there is a floppy disk drive interface (120) to plug used to make flash memory storage disk (160) to provide the host computer boot function.

本发明藉由增加仿真软盘接口动作,可以依使用者需求配合原有的软盘机设定为A软盘机、B软盘机,或就开机修复的机能完全取代原有的软盘机 The present invention by increasing the floppy emulation interfaces action, can with the original floppy drive A floppy drive is set according to user needs, B floppy disk drive, or on the boot repair function completely replace the existing floppy disk drive

本发明利用软盘驱动接口控制器(130)仿真软盘的动作,主要是当计算机开机系统欲检测或欲读取软盘机的数据时,软盘驱动接口控制器(]3() )会以软盘机的动作响应计算机系统。 The present invention utilizes the floppy disk drive interface controller (130) floppy disk emulation movements, mainly when the computer is booting the system to be detected, the data to be read or floppy drive, a floppy disk drive interface controller (] 3 ()) will be in the floppy drive action in response to the computer system. 当计算机系统欲读取软盘机的开机档案来作为操作系统档案时,即以内建于闪速存储元件(140)中的固件程序来作响应,如此一来,即可实现使计算机开机的功能。 When the computer system is to be read the floppy drive as the operating system boot file to file, that is built in flash memory element (140) as a response to firmware, this way, you can achieve to make the computer boot function.

参考图2,计算机的主机板(210)的软盘驱动器上装设着一个FDD]连接公端子(220),而闪速存储储存盘(280)上的电路板(290)上的软盘驱动接口控制器(240:)上,则装设着一个FDDI连接母端子(230)。 Referring to Figure 2, on the motherboard (210) computer's floppy drive installed with an FDD] connection male terminal (220), and a floppy disk drive interface controller flash memory storage disk circuit board (280) on the (290) on the (240 :) on FDDI connection is provided with a female terminal (230). 藉由将所述FDDI连接母端子(230)连接到所述FDD1连接公端子(220)上,则可以使本发明的闪速存储储存盘与计算机主机之间进行数据的传输。 By the FDDI connection female terminal (230) connected to the FDD1 connection male terminal (220), it can make flash memory storage disk of the present invention between the host computer for transmission of data. 其中,FDDI 连接公端子(220)及FDDI连接母端子(230)的脚数,可以被设计成已知 Wherein, FDDI connection male terminal (220) and FDDI connection female terminal (230) has a number foot, it can be designed to known

的40脚或44脚,或者是被设计成简约式的34脚。 40 feet or 44 feet, or is designed to be minimalist style 34 feet.

在图2中,软盘驱动接口控制器(240)包含有内嵌式档案系统(241)、 多重控制单元(242)、 SRAM (Static Random Access Memory静态随机存取存储器)緩冲器(243)、错误修正組件(244)、 DMA (Direct Memory Access 直接自存储器存取组件)(245)、及电力管理单元U46)。 In Figure 2, the floppy disk drive interface controller (240) includes a built-in file system (241), multiple control unit (242), SRAM (Static Random Access Memory static random access memory) buffer (243), error correction module (244), DMA (Direct Memory Access Direct memory access from components) (245), and power management unit U46). 其中,多重控制单元(242)是用来将将软盘驱动接口控制器(240)中的指令转换成闪速存储元件(250)操作所需的信息及控制讯号。 Wherein the multiple control unit (242) is used to the floppy disk drive interface controller (240) of instructions into flash memory element (250) and the information required for the operation control signal. 内嵌式档案系统(241)包含有多重控制单元(242)的固件,用来将主机端的信号转换成闪速存储媒体读写的信号。 Embedded file system (241) comprises multiple control unit (242) of the firmware used to convert the signals into the host-side flash memory medium to read and write signals. SRAM緩冲器(243)是用来作为存取数据的容量緩冲并藉此提升软盘驱动接口控制器(240)的使用效率。 SRAM buffer (243) is used as the efficient use of the capacity of the buffer data access and thereby enhance the floppy disk drive interface controller (240). 错误修正組件(244)是用来针对在SRAM援冲器(243)与闪速存储元件(250)之间所传输的数据,进行每512字符为数据区块的检查,并排除其中错误的组件。 Error correction module (244) is used for the data in SRAM aid punch device (243) and flash memory between elements (250) transmitted performed 512 characters per inspection data blocks, and the exclusion of which the wrong component . DMA (245)是用来实时地存拟RAM緩冲器(243)中的数据,用来消除软盘驱动接口控制器(240 )所产生的非必要的信息,以提升系统的信息传输率。 DMA (245) is intended for real-time data RAM buffer memory (243) in, to eliminate non-essential information floppy disk drive interface controller (240) generated by the system to enhance the rate of information transfer. 电力管理单元(246 )是用来控制电力的消耗,并适时地使系统进入休眠模式,以延长电池的寿命。 Power management unit (246) is used to control power consumption, and in a timely manner the system into sleep mode to extend battery life.

当计算机系统欲读取闪速存储储存盘中的开机档案来作为操作系统档案时,在电路板(290)的软盘驱动接口控制器(240)上,多重控制单元(242 )会先读取内嵌式档案系统(241)中将指令转换成闪速存储元件(250)操作所需的信息及控制讯号的固件,通过DMA (245)与SRAM緩冲器(243) 之间的数据存取,将信号传输到闪速存储元件(250)中。 When the computer system is to be read flash memory to store the boot file to disk as the operating system files, in the circuit board (290) of the floppy disk drive interface controller (240), and multiple control unit (242) will be read at formula embedded file system (241) in the instructions into flash memory element (250) and the information required for the operation of the firmware control signal, the data (245) and the SRAM buffer (243) between the DMA access, The signal is transmitted to the flash memory element (250). 促使闪速存储元件(250)将其固件的操作系统数据通过FDDI端子,藉由软盘驱动器传输到计算机主机中,进而起动操作系统。 Prompting flash memory element (250) to its operating system firmware FDDI data terminal, by a floppy disk drive is transmitted to the host computer, and then start the operating system.

以上所述,为本发明解决课题的手段。 Above, the means to solve the problem of the present invention. 就储存更大容量的机制而言,现在已有容量百倍于1.44MB容量规格软盘机的装置上市,逐渐取代1."MB容 The storage of larger capacity mechanisms are concerned, there are already hundreds of times in unit capacity listed 1.44MB floppy drive capacities are gradually replacing 1. "MB capacity

量规格软盘机的存取功能,在此不再复述。 Quantity specification floppy drive access function, not repeat it here. 因为藉由软盘驱动接口来致动本发明的闪速存储储存盘的成本,远低于一台1.44MB的容量规格的软盘机,而且所占的体积更小。 Because the floppy disk drive interface by actuating the flash memory storage disk of the present invention, the cost is far less than the capacity of a standard 1.44MB floppy disk drive, and the volume occupied by smaller. 所以就成本而言,闪速存储储存盘的成本只有约1."MB 的容量,见格的软盘机的l/2到l/3而已。就体积而言,大约只有长4公分、宽3 公分、高l公分的体积,相对于桌上型计算机内部所占的空间,可谓微不足道。取代1.44MB的容量规格的软盘机之后,原先放置软盘机的位置就可以空来安装其它更有效益的装置(如抽取式硬盘、CD/DVD、烧录机等等)。 如此一来,本发明可以说大大地增进了使用上的便利性,以及增强了个人计算机的实际效用。 So in terms of cost, the cost of flash memory storage disk only about 1. "MB capacity, see grid floppy drive l / 2 to l / 3 only. On volume terms, only about 4 cm long, wide and 3 cm l cm high volume, relative to the amount of space inside a desktop computer, can be described as insignificant. replace the 1.44MB floppy disk drive capacities, the position previously placed an empty floppy disk drive can be installed on other more efficient devices (such as a removable hard drive, CD / DVD, burners, etc.). Thus, the present invention can be said to greatly enhance the ease of use, and enhance the practical utility of a personal computer.

另外,本发明的闪速存储储存盘的优点是:现行的个人计算机BIOS都支持本发明的装置。 In addition, the advantages of flash memory storage disk of the present invention are: the current PC BIOS support apparatus of the present invention. 所以当使用者欲进行系统的修护时,可以随意由本发明的闪速存储储存盘直接开机,进行操作系统的修护,不需再翻箱倒拒地寻找备用磁盘。 So when the user wants to perform system repair, free to directly boot from a flash memory storage disk of the present invention, an operating system of repair, without the ability to turn me down refusing to find spare.

本发明的以软盘驱动接口的闪速存储储存盘的专用控制器内,若欲更新加载的操作系统,则须修改闪速存储元件中的固件(Firmware)以符合软盘驱动接口的驱动协议。 A dedicated controller flash memory storage disk in the floppy disk drive interface of the present invention is putting up the update of the operating system is loaded, shall modify the flash memory device firmware (Firmware) to meet the driver diskette drive interface protocol.

附图说明 Brief Description

图]是本发明的闪速存储储存盘的工作示意图。 Figure] is working schematic of flash memory storage disk of the present invention.

图2是本发明的闪速存储储存盘的单元结构图。 Figure 2 is a flash memory storage disk unit structure of the present invention.

图3是本发明的闪速存储储存盘的开机起动操作系统的流程图。 Figure 3 is a flow chart of flash memory storage disk boot the present invention starting the operating system.

图4是本发明的闪速存储储存芯片模块的工作示意图。 Figure 4 is a flash memory storage chip module working schematic of the present invention.

附图标号说明 110 软盘驱动器 BRIEF EXPLANATION OF REFERENCES 110 floppy disk drive

120 软盘驱动接口 120 floppy disk drive interface

130 软盘驱动接口控制器 130 floppy disk drive interface controller

140 闪速存储元件 140 flash memory element

150 电路板 150 board

160 闪速存储储存盘 160 flash memory storage disk

162 闪速存储储存芯片模块 162 flash memory storage chip module

170 计算机主机板 170 computer motherboard

210 主机板 210 Motherboard

220 FDDI连接公端子 220 FDDI connection male terminal

230 FDDI连接母端子 230 FDDI connection female terminal

24(_) 软盘驱动接口控制器 24 (_) floppy disk drive interface controller

241 内嵌式档案系统 241 embedded file system

242 多重控制单元 Multiple control unit 242

243 SRAM緩沖器 243 SRAM buffers

244 #^秘且件 244 # ^ secret and parts

245 DMA (Direct Memory Access直4妄自存储器存取组件) 245 DMA (Direct Memory Access Direct memory access component 4 pretend)

246 电力管理单元250 存储元件 246 power management unit 250 stores element

280 闪速存储储存盘 280 flash memory storage disk

290 电路板 290 board

具体实施方式 DETAILED DESCRIPTION

本发明的较佳实施例可为一闪速存储储存盘,或为一闪速存储芯片模块 The preferred embodiment of the present invention may be a flash memory storage disk, or a flash memory chip module

先以闪速存储储存盘来说明。 First with a flash memory storage disk to illustrate. 参考图3,步骤l为计算机开机。 Referring to Figure 3, Step l for the computer to boot. 当计算机开机之后,进入步骤2,起动BIOS。 When the computer is turned on, step 2, starting BIOS. BIOS会预先检查系统并且将BIOS 的主引导记录加栽到随机存取存储器中,主引导记录包括具有校检信息的数据段和具有可执行代码段。 BIOS will pre-inspection system and the BIOS master boot record plummeted add random access memory, master boot record includes a data segment has checksum information and have the executable code. 可执行代码使用数据信息来校验硬件的兼容性及 Executable code uses the data information to verify the compatibility of hardware and

系统的配置。 System configuration. 当测试完对硬件兼容性和正确的系统配置之后,可执行代码就将BIOS映象加栽RAM中。 When finished testing for hardware compatibility and proper system configuration, the executable code will add BIOS image planted RAM. BIOS的映象在继ROM-BIOS之后,则进入加载操作系统的程序。 Following the BIOS image in the ROM-BIOS, the operating system is loaded into the program.

步骤3,在ROM-BIOS中,包括了POST (加电自检)的程序。 Step 3, the ROM-BIOS, including the POST (Power On Self Test) procedure. 在POST 程序中,执行系统的预备初始化和测试,决定BIOS映象究竟是由硬盘、光盘、闪速存储储存盘、还是软盘加栽,并检查兼容性及加栽主引导记录。 In the POST program, prepare the system initialization and test execution to determine whether the BIOS image is added planted by the hard disk, flash memory storage disk, or floppy disk, and check the compatibility and added plant master boot record. 在本发明的该例举中,计算机设定加栽操作系统的顺序是硬盘、光盘、闪速存储储存盘、及软盘。 In this example of the present invention, a computer operating system is set plus plant order is the hard disk, optical disk, flash memory storage disk, and floppy disk.

所以在步骤4中,首先判断计算机的硬盘是否可以正常加载操作系统。 Therefore, in step 4, it is determined whether or not the hard drive of the computer operating system properly loaded. 若计算机的硬盘可以正常加载操作系统的话,即进入步骤4丄,由硬盘起动操作系统。 If the computer's hard drive to load the operating system properly, then enter Step 4 Shang, start the operating system from the hard disk. 否则,若计算机的硬盘无法正常加栽操作系统的话,即进入步骤5,进一步判断,是否可以由光盘起动操作系统。 Otherwise, if the computer's hard disk can not be properly applied planted operating system, then enter Step 5, to further determine whether the operating system can be started by the CD.

若计算机的光盘可以正常加栽操作系统的话,即进入步骤5-1,由光盘起动操作系统。 If the computer's CD-ROM plus normal plant operating system, then enters step 5-1, starting from the operating system CD. 否则,若计算机的光盘无法正常加栽操作系统的话,即进入步骤6,由本发明的闪速存储储存盘起动操作系统。 Otherwise, if the computer's CD-ROM can not be properly applied planted operating system, then enter step 6, the flash memory storage disk of the present invention, starting the operating system.

依照所述本发明的实施方法,当硬盘无法起动操作系统时,固然可以找寻栽有操作系统的光盘来起动操作系统,但是这种作法非常麻烦。 The method according to an embodiment of the invention, when the hard disk can not start the operating system, although you can find planted with the operating system CD to start the operating system, but this approach is very troublesome. 所以若是不由硬盘或光盘起动,藉由本发明,依然可以轻易地由闪速存储储存盘来起动操作系统。 So if a hard disk or CD-ROM help start, with the present invention can still easily the flash memory storage disk to start the operating system. 更不用说可以不必再通过软盘来起动操作系统了。 Not to mention you can no longer start by floppy disk operating system.

此外,所述开机后依序检查由硬盘、光盘、闪速存储储存盘、及软加载 In addition, sequentially examined by a hard disk, flash memory storage disk, and soft after loading the boot

操作系统的顺序,也可以藉由开机后修改BIOS的设定来加以变更。 The order of the operating system, you can also modify the BIOS boot by setting to be changed.

如此一来,本发明的闪速存储储存盘就可以完全取代传统软盘在起动操作系统上的功能。 Thus, flash memory storage disk of the present invention can completely replace the traditional floppy disk features on starting the operating system. 再如前者所述,如今市面上在储存数据方面已有多种容量百倍于软盘的装置出现,如以USB为接口的储存卡等,储存容量都远大于单片软盘的储存容量,因此如果配合本发明的功能,就可以完全不必再装设软盘机,既可降低生产及組装软盘机的成本,同时还可以将原来软盘机所占用的空间与接口加以活用,可以连接其它诸如CD-ROM、 DVD-ROM、光盘烧录机等等外围,强化计算机所发挥的功能。 Another example of the former, on the market today in terms of storing data on a floppy disk has a hundred times more capacity means appear, such as USB-interface card, etc., are much larger than monolithic storage capacity floppy disk storage capacity, so if fit function of the present invention, it is no longer completely floppy drive installed, can reduce the cost of production and assembly of the floppy drive, and also will be able to utilize the original space occupied by floppy interface can be connected to others, such as CD-ROM , DVD-ROM, CD burner, and so peripheral, and strengthen the role played by computer function. 如果不想安装其它的外围,则由本发明所节省下来的软盘机的空间,也可以使计算机设备更加紧致化。 If you do not want to install other peripherals, by the present invention, the space savings floppy drive, it can also make the device more compact computer technology.

此外,参考图4,本发明的闪速存储储存盘也可以藉由IC封装技术进一步缩小成以单一芯片(Single Chip)的模式,换言之,将其封装成一FDD1 闪速存储芯片(162)来起动操作系统的模式。 In addition, with reference to FIG. 4, the flash memory storage disk of the present invention can also be further reduced by IC packaging technology into a single chip (Single Chip) mode, in other words, it is packaged into a FDD1 flash memory chip (162) to start the operating system mode. 如此一来,就可以将FDDJ 闪速存储储存芯片(162)直接装设在主机板上,由FDDI闪速存储储存芯片(162)取代传统软盘机的开机修复操作系统的功能。 Thus, it can be FDDJ flash memory storage chip (162) is directly mounted on the motherboard, the FDDI chip flash memory storage (162) to replace the traditional boot floppy drive repair the operating system functions. 尤其是,由于FDD] In particular, since the FDD]

闪速存储储存芯片的体积小,而且是直接装在计算机主机板(no)上,所 Flash memory storage chips, small size, and is directly mounted on the computer motherboard (no) on the

以特别适合使用在笔记型计算机中。 In particularly suitable for use in notebook computers.

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Classifications
International ClassificationG06F3/00
Legal Events
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24 Nov 2004C06Publication
26 Jan 2005C10Request of examination as to substance
4 Mar 2009C14Granted
11 Jul 2012C17Cessation of patent right