~2~ 6 ~3ENDTN-I ~PPAI~I~'I'US
The present invention relates to a bending apparatus for bending long materials such as wire rods, bars and tubes.
Wire forming parts manufactured by bending wire rods such as iron wires and hard steel wires are used for numerous products, including cushion frames for automobile seats and household electric appliances such as oven toasters, for instance.
For manufacturing these parts, special purpose machines such as a power press, an oil hydraulic press, a multi-press, a bender using an pneumatic cylinder and a bore slide have been used widely in general.
Each of the aforesaid apparatuses requires a ~ die or a similar special purpose jig and necessi-tates a number of processes for manufacturing parts, which results in an increase in cost therefor.
Moreover, each of said apparatuses is fixed in the bending direction, and thus it can not bend lZ~ 7i:~6 materials in any other desired directions.
The present invention is designed to settle the above-described problems, and an object thereof is to make it possible to bend materials freely and easily in desired directions and at desired angles with no need to employ any die or similar special purpose jig.
The bending apparatus of the present invention is equipped with a cylindrical material guide in which a guide hole letting a material to be bent pass through is formed in the central portion in the axial direction thereof, a bending direction setting body which is provided rotatably on the outer periphery of said material guide and set in any desired rotational position, and a bending operation body which is provided in front of said bending direction setting body rotatably around a support shaft set to be perpendicular to said material and has a material insertion portion formed.facing the fore end of the aforesaid material guide.
In the bending apparatus of the present inven-tion, the material to be bent is made to pass through the guide hole of the material guide, the fore end of this material is put through -the ma-terial insertion portion of -the bending opera-tion body and fed by a prescribed length, the bending direction setting body is rotated to a prescribed angular position in 360 degrees to set the bending direction of the bending operation body, and the bending operation body -is rotated a-t a prescribed angle around -the support shaft set to be perpendicular -to said ma-terial~ so as -to ~end t~liS material.
Other objects and characteristics of the pre-sent invention will be described hereunder with reference to drawings.
Figure 1 is a plan view of one embodiment of a bending apparatus of the present invention;
Figure 2 is an enlarged side view oE the principal par-t of Fig. l; Figure 3 is a sectional view thereof;
Figure 4 is a front view thereof; and Figure 5 shows a section taken along a line V - V of Fig. 2.
In Fig. 1, numeral 1 denotes a reel stand, in which a material (wire) 3 to be bent, such as a iron wire or a hard steel wire, is wouncl around a reel 2 rotated by a variable-speed motor not shown l~SZ~
therein. On this reel stand an arm 4 is provided in projection for synchronizing a bending speed in the main body of a forming machine described below with a speed o~ supply of the material in the reel stand.
The main body of the forminy machine comprises correcting roll devices 12,13 for straightening the mate-rial 3 and a chucking roll device 14 for preventing the turn of the material, all of which are arranged sequentially on a base 11 and driven by a servo motor 15 provided on said base 11, through the intermediary of a transmission mechanism 17 com-posed of a reduction gear 16, a bevel gear, etc.
Moreover, a bending apparatus 21 is provided successively behind said chucking roll device 14 on said base 11.
As is shown in Figs. 2 and 3, this bending apparatus is constructed in such a manner that a cylindrical material guide 23 held by a bearing 22 is laid on the base 11, while a guide hole 24 is formed in the axial direction in the central por-tion of said material guide 23, and further a sub-stantially-conical bending head 25, which is replaceable according to the diameter of the material 3, is provided integrally in the fore end l~Z~
of the material guide 23.
Moreover, a cylindrical bending direction setting body 26 is put concentrically on the outer periphery of the aforesaid material guide 23 and supported rotatably by front and rear bearings 27 on the base 11. Furthermore, a pulley 28 is pro-vided in the rear end of this bending direction setting body 26, and, as shown in Fig. 1, an end-less timing belt 32 is stretched around two pulleys, i.e. a pulley 31 of a reduction gear 30 driven by a stepping motor 29 for controlling the bending direction provided on the base 11 and said pulley 28 of the bending direction setting body 26.
Driven by said stepping motor 29, the bending direction setting body 26 is rotated to a desired angular position in 360 degrees around the material guide 23 through the intermediary of the reduction gear 30 and the endless timing belt 32, etc.
A bending operation body 35 is disposed facing the bending head 25 positioned at the fore end of the aforesaid material guide 23.
Opposite-side board portions 36 of this bending operation body 35 are supported by shafts 38 rotat-ably between a pair of axial support members 37 formed integrally in the fore end of the bending lZ5Z~Qt~
direction setting body 26, the support shaft 38 ~eing perpendicular to the material 3 to be bent, as shown in Fig. 5.
As is shown in Figs. 3 and 4, the material insertion portion 39 is formed in a place from the lower portion to the center of the aforesaid bend-ing operaticn body 35, and a part of this insertion portion 39 faces the end of the head of the material guide 23.
Moreover, as is shown in Fig. 1, a stepping motor 41 for controlling a bending angle and a re-duction gear 42 driven by this motor are provided on the base 11, a pinion 43 being provided at the output shaft of said reduction gear, a rack 44 being made to engage with this pinion, and an indented member 45 being provided on said rack 44.
Furthermore, a rotary drum 47, which has a flange part 46 formed integrally and fitted in said indented member 45, is put on the outer peripheral surface of the bending direction setting body 26 so that it can slide in the axial direction along a key groove 4~ formed on said outer peripheral sur-face and rotate integrally therewith.
As is shown.in Figs. 2 and 3, the aforesaid rotary drum 47 is put on the aforesaid bending 1~S27Q6 -- 7 ~
direction setting body 26 through the intermediary of a slide bearing 49, and one end of a link 51 is supported freely rotatably by an axial support member 50 provided in the front of this rotary drum 47, while one end of a link 52 is fitted freely rotatably to the other end of said link 51. Moreover, the other end of said link 52 is supported freely . rotatably by an axial support member 53 provided in the lower portion of the bending direction setting body 26, and one end of a link 54 is supported freely rotatably by the middle portion of said link 52, while the other end of the link 54 is supported freely rotatably by a slide plate 55.
This slide plate 55 is fitted slidably in a dovetail groove 56 provided in the axial direction on the lateral side of the aforesaid bending direc-tion setting body 26, and a rack 57 is fixed on the top of the slide plate and is made to engage with a pinion 58 provided integrally on one side of the bending operation body 35.
Being driven by the stepping motor 41 through the intermediary of the reduction gear 42, the pinion 43, the rack 44 and the indented member 45, the rotary drum 47 is made to slide in the axial lZSZ706 direction to move the slide plate 55 forward and back-ward through -the intermediary of the links 51, 52 and 54 and thereby to rotate the bendiny operation body 35 at a desired angle around the support shafts .5 38 as a supporting point through the intermediary of the rack 57 and the pinion 58.
Furthermore, as is shown in Fiy. 4, a part of a cutting blade 61 positioned on the outer surface of the aforesaid bending operation body 35, serving also as a fixed blade, is fitted slidably in a dovetail groove 62 provided on one side board portion 36 of the bending operation body 35, and, as shown in Fig. 3, the middle portion of a cutting blade operating lever 64 is supported freely rotatably by a supporting axis 65 on the top of an axial support plate 63 which is provided inte-grally on the upper portion of the bending opera-tion body 35. In addition, a hydraulic cylinder 67 is fixed on the front side of the afore-said rotary drum 47 through the intermediary of abracket 66, and a member 69 pressing laterally one end of said lever 64 is fitted to a piston rod 68 (Fig. 4) of this hydraulic cylinder. At the other end of the lever 64 a cutting blade operating member 70 is formed vertically downward, and this ~5Z7~36 g operating member 70 is so designed as to engage with a projecting member 71 provided in projection on the front side of said cutting blade 61.
When a forming operation is ended, the lever 64 is rotated by the cylinder 67, said projecting member 71 is pressed by said operating member 70 to move the cutting blade 61 to the left in Fig. 4, and the material 3 is cut off by this blade 61 and the bending operation bo~y 35.
Next, a description will be made on the whole of the operation of the machine.
The material 3 to be bent is drawn out of the reel stand 1, put through the correcting roll devices 12 and 13 and the chucking roll device 14 and further through the guide hole 24 in the mate-rial guide 23, and led to the material insertion portion 39 of the bending operation body 35. The material 3 is straightened by the correcting roll devices 12 and 13, while the turn of the material 3 is prevented by the chucking roll device 14.
~ eanwhile, the bending direction setting body 26 is driven by the stepping motor 29 to rotate at a prescribed angle, and the bending operation body 35 is rotated in-tegrally with said body 26 to a prescribed angular position to be set thereat.
- 10 ~
By this operation the bendlng clirection of the material 3 is set.
Next, the rotary drum 47 is driven by -the stepping motor 41 through the intermediary oE the pinion 43 and the rack 44 to slide in the axial direction, thereby the slide plate 55 is moved in the axial direction through the intermediary of the link mechanism, the bending operation body 35 is rotated around the support shaFts38 as a supporting point through the intermediary of the rack 57 and the pinion 58, and the material 3 is pressed laterally by the bending operation body 35 to b~
bent thereby in accordance with the head 25 of the material guide as a basis. Accordingly, the bend-ing angle of the material is determined in accord-ance with the amount of movement of the aforesaid drum 47 based on the amount of rotation of the aforesaid motor 41.
The material 3 to be bent being fed by a pre-scribed length into the material guide 23 in thisway, the part of the material projecting from the head 25 of this material guide is bent to be formed at a desired angle (120 degrees at the maximum), which is determined by a shaking angle of the bend-ing cperation body 35, in a desired direction in '7~
360 degrees which is determinecL by a rotationalangle of the bending direction setting body 26.
By repeating this operation, that is, by setting the rotational position of the bending direction setting bo~y 26 and the rotational angle of the bending operation body 35, the material 3 is formed in a prescribed shape sequentially~ and is cut off lastly by the cutting blade 61 operated by the hydraulic cylinder 67, whereby a product is obtained.
In this case, any desired bending is enabled by numerically controlling the drive and stop of the motors 15, 29 and 41 by means of a microcomputer.
The present invention can be applied not only to a wire rod of the embodiment, but also to such materials as a bar, a tube, etc.
(Effect of the invention) According to the present invention, a material to be bent is bent at an arbitrarily set angle in the state of being projected from the material guide by the bending operation body whose bending direction is controlled by the rotation of the bending direction setting body, and thus this mate-rial can be bent freely and easily in a desired direction in 360 degrees and by a desired angle.