|Publication number||CA1107622 A|
|Application number||CA 329061|
|Publication date||25 Aug 1981|
|Filing date||5 Jun 1979|
|Priority date||28 Feb 1979|
|Also published as||CA1107622A1, EP0015354A1, US4248273|
|Publication number||CA 1107622 A, CA 1107622A, CA 329061, CA-A-1107622, CA1107622 A, CA1107622A|
|Inventors||Fabro Marcello Del|
|Applicant||Fabro Marcello Del, M.E.P. Machine Elettroniche Piegatrici S.P.A.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Classifications (3), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: CIPO, Espacenet|
FIELD OF INVENTION.
This invention is related to a stirrup machine or a bending machine for metallic stock material such as bars, wire, strips or the like.
BACXGROUN~ OF THE INVENTION.
Semi-automatic or automatic stirrup machines or bending machines which work by continuous feeding are already known in the prior art. Bending and stirrup machines which bend in any shape bars, wire or the like either clockwise or counter-clockwise have also been developed.
It has been particularly noticed that a well known type of a stirrup machine utilizes a bending method based on a bending unit with a fixed fork, around which a bending pin is made to paFtially rotate clockwise or counterclockwise,making it re-enter and pass either above or under the bending bar. The expul-sion of the finished product is caused by a central pin which is coaxial to the rotation axis of said bending pin.
In other cases this pin acts not only as an expeller, but also as shearing element. These first types of machines are at a very advanced basis, but they are very complicated and expensive because they require a great quantity of movabble parts. ~n other cases said central pin is eliminated and the fork is movable axially effac~ng ln order to allow the e~pul-slon of the finished product in connection with a shearingunit t~.S.Patents:Nov.16, 1976 No. 3.991.600;Sept.20,1g77 n.4.C49.026 of same applicant).
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION.
It is accordingly an object of the present invention to over-come the disadvantages of the prior art as mentioned above.
This and further objects are accomplished by developing a machine which ~tilizes a bending unit with a central fork and a bending pin which is non-movable axially, in order to simpli-fy the stirrup machine and to reduce its production costs.
The fork is also non-rotatable so as to avoid the dragging of the bar during the bending phase.
Upstream of said bending unit a guide unit for said stock material to be bent is placed,being said guide movable trans-versally in a forward and backward direction, pushing said stock mater'ial out of the bending plane to disengage said bending ur,it in order to allow:
- the reversing of said bending rotation of said bending pin to displace it under said stock material to the opposite side for the reversed bending, - the reversing feed or recall of the bent material before the shearing to reduce waste.
A perectioned embodiment of~the invention of said movable guide unit is the shear guide unit, comprising a movable shear guide cooperating with a fixed interchangeable countershear in order to shear the stock material when said shear guide moves in completely backward beyond said counter-shear.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS.
The disclosure will be better - explained with the following drawings in which are illustrated some essential parts of the machine and their working system in one of the preferred em~odiments, as an example:
Fig. 1 is a schematic frontal view of the operating unit of the machine adjacent to the partially seen bending and shear guide unit;
Fig. 2 is a schematic top view of the operating unit of Fig. 1;
Figs. 3 to 25 are a series of exemplifying operative phases which illustrate the operating system of said unit, (and conse~uently of the stirrup machine).
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT.
According to Figs. 1-2 the stirrup machine consists of:
- a well-known feeder-retractor unit 1 for the stock material 2, - a shear guide unit 3 for the stock material 2, - a bending unit 4 for the stock material 2, - a conventional electronically programmable control means to drive the above mentioned units, not illustrated and well-known in the field.
The said shear guideunit 3 consists of a interchangeable transver-sa~yforward andbackward movableshear guide5 whichafter completed the backward movement is able to shear said stock material 2 in connection with a fixed interchangeable countershear 6, placed under said stock material 2 and between said shear guide 5 and said bending unit 4.
The said shear guide 5 is shaped as a piece of pipe to guide and advance within it said stock material 2.
The said bending unit * consists of a fixed interchangeable central fork 7 and a rotatable bending pin 8, mounted on a rotating bending disc 9 coaxially to said central~fork 7.
~ eferring to one of the possible methods for preparing stirr~ps, the operating units work as follows:
1. The feeder-retractor 1 causes the stock material 2 to proeeed forward to a wanted extent in a conventional manner, such as with an electronie system of counter-pulses.This would allow the stock material 2 to pass through the shear guid~ 5 and over the fixed countershear 6 and through the fork 7 IFiqs. 3-4).
2. The bending disc 9 with the bending pin 8~wh~ch has already been placed in position will initia~ea first bending of the stock material 2, for instance in a clockwise direction in a conventional manner (Figs. S-6).
3. After thislthe disc 9 and -the bending pin 8 return to their original position (Figs. 7-8), while a predetermined length of the stock (2):ismoYedthrough the machine (Figs. 9-10).
4. The shearing unit 5 than shifts forward to push the stock material 2 forwardfrom the bending plane of the bending pin 8 (Figs. 11,12,13), than the bending pin 8 goes to the opposite side with respect to the stock material 2 by means of a counter rotation (Figs. 14,15).
5. The shear guide 5 coming succesively to the normal p~ion again, reentering backward (Figs. 16,17), and carrying out another bending, which is counterclockwise (Figs. 18,19).
6. The shape o the stirrup being finished,the shear guide 5 shifts forward pushing the stock material 2 (Figs. 20,21,22).
7 The stock material 2 is compelled ~o withdraw with the respective stirrup which has already ac~uired a definitive shape, by means of the feeder-retractor unit 1 (Fig. 23,24).
8. The shear guide 5 shifts backward beyond the fixed countershear 6 and the stirrup is cut up from the stock r~
material 2 at the desired point (Fig. 25).
Obviously, the invention is not limited to the above;described and illustrated embodiments, on the contrary they can be con- -sidered as the base of other forms and ways of realization whose executing details may vary without exceeding the essence of the stated and herein described disclosure.
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various-changes may be made without departing from the scope of the invention and the invention is not to be.considered to be limited to what is shown in the drawings and described in the specification.