ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WITH LIGHT-
This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 08/983,307, filed of Dec. 30, 1997, now pending which is a 371 of PCT/DE96/00522, filed on Mar. 26, 1996.
CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY
SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT
REFERENCE TO A "MICROFICHE APPENDIX"
(SEE 37 CFR 1.96)
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention Technical Field
The invention relates to an electrical connector with electrically contacting contact pins or contact sockets such as plugs or couplings, which includes a device for deflecting light in preferred directions of the illuminating body emitting a light, such as a light-emitting diode LED or other diode or incandescent bulb, in particular for the operating display of a illuminating body of electrical circuits in casings with view windows.
2. Description of the Related Art Including Information Disclosed Under 37 CFR 1.97 and 1.98
State of the Art
Frequently, a light-emitting diode or incandescent bulb is required for a display of specific states of the electrical circuit in connection with electronic circuits, which are located or encapsulated in shells or casings. In this context, if possible, the light-emitting diode or incandescent bulb should be visible from several sides such that the view angle for the observer becomes as large as possible. For this it is known to drill four holes staggered in each case at an angle of 90 degrees into shells or into casings for proximity switches. The light-emitting diode can then be seen from four sides through the four holes. The light-emitting diode is normally disposed in a plug insert and the plug insert is inserted into the shell or into the casing. The disadvantage of such arrangements comprises that, upon employment of a light-emitting diode, the light-emitting diode is associated with a radiation characteristic, which radiates for practical purposes only along the longitudinal axis of the lightemitting diode or, respectively, of the shell, such that the light-emitting diode appears to be only weakly illuminating in case of a lateral view through the laterally disposed windows. In case of small operating currents of the lightemitting diode and upon radiating in the direction of the axis of the shell or of the casing, there hardly remains any light which can exit radially through the view windows.
A multi-pole electrical plug connector device became known through the printed patent document DE 37 03 423 Al, which multi-pole electrical plug connector device includes a cable plug and an apparatus part with a front plug part for receiving the cable plug. The cable plug is furnished with light conductors in order to be able to monitor therewith the operating status of the apparatus part. The light conductors are furnished inside of the cable plug, wherein the light
conductors are furnished as right-angled rigid rods made of a clear transparent plastic with a reflection face disposed in the bend of the rod, which reflection face exhibits an inclination angle of 45 degrees, such that a 90-degree 5 reflection of the light passing through the light conductor is given.
Lamps are known from the British printed patent document GB 607,922 A which exhibit massive curved armshaped light-guiding bodies of different forms, where an incandescent bulb is disposed at a front side end of the light-guiding bodies, wherein the light of the incandescent bulb exits at the other end of the light-guiding body. Such light-guiding bodies are also known from the citation in the literature A. M. Blumenfeld and S. E. Jones: Parts That Glow, in: Machine Design, Oct. 29, 1959, pp. 94 through 103.
A disk-shaped light-guiding body made of clear transparent plastic in the shape of quarter circles is known from the U.S. Pat. No. 5,349,504, which light-guiding bodies are
2Q combined in parallel to a set. Diodes are disposed at a front side radial delimiting face of in each case one disk, wherein the light of the diodes is deflected by 90 degrees within the disk, which light is deflected after reflection at the curved delimiting face of the disk and which light exits again
25 approximately at a right angle through two arms disposed at the disk, wherein the two arms are directed perpendicular to that delimiting face, in which face the diodes are disposed, such that a 90 degree reflection of the light is furnished. The set can be plugged with pins onto a printed circuit board.
3Q Furthermore, a diode is known which is furnished with a on top-positioned, beaker-shaped screen in the main radiation direction of the light, wherein the main radiation direction of the light coincides with the longitudinal axis of the diode, and wherein the top-positioned, beaker-shaped
35 screen somewhat expands the incident radiation.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Technical Object
It is an object of the invention to furnish an electrical connector of the kind recited, which electrical connector
40 deflects the radiation of an illuminating body preferably at a right angle relative to the main radiation direction of the illuminating or light body or, respectively, of the casing for the purpose of making the radiation of the illuminating body better visible from the side, wherein the illuminating body is
45 disposed inside the casing, such that the illuminating body is visible brightly luminous from a plurality of sides of the connector.
Disclosure of the Invention and its Advantages
The solution of the object of the invention comprises an
50 electrical connector with electrically contacting contact pins or contact sockets, such as plugs or couplings. Said connector exhibits on one side a receiver part, into which receiver part there is inserted a light-guiding body made of a lighttransmitting material with at least one illuminating body.
55 Feed lines for the contact pins are led through the receiver part. The light-guiding body is furnished with at least two arms. The two arms exhibit at their abutting ends on the side opposite to the illuminating body a surface which is planar inclined or curved in direction of the longitudinal axis of the
60 main radiation direction of the illuminating body. The surface forms in each case the reflecting deflection surface of the respective arm and is capable of deflecting the light mainly in axial direction within the respective arm at an angle of from between about 40 to 140 degrees relative to
65 the main radiation direction of the arm. The reflecting deflection faces of the arms in each case impact each other jointly in the axis of the main radiation direction of the