(12) United States Patent (io) Patent No.: US 6,587,234 B2
Kikinis (45) Date of Patent: Jul. 1,2003
(54) METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CREATING A WHITE-LIGHT INTERFERENCE HOLOGRAM FROM PC INPUT PHOTOGRAPHIC DATA
(75) Inventor: Dan Kikinis, Saratoga, CA (US)
(73) Assignee: Lextron Systems, Inc., Saratoga, CA (US)
( * ) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term ol this patent is extended or adjusted under 35 U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days.
(21) Appl. No.: 10/115,728
(22) Filed: Apr. 2, 2002
(65) Prior Publication Data
US 2002/0196487 Al Dec. 26, 2002
Related U.S. Application Data
(62) Division of application No. 09/893,088, filed on Jun. 26, 2001, now Pat. No. 6,377,368, which is a division of application No. 09/173,904, filed on Aug. 16,1998, now Pat. No. 6,292,277.
(51) Int. CI.7 G03H 1/00; G03H 1/02;
G03H 1/08; B42D 15/00
(52) U.S. CI 359/3; 359/1; 359/9; 359/32;
359/900; 283/85; 283/86; 283/93
(58) Field of Search 359/1, 3, 8, 32,
359/9, 900; 283/85, 86, 87, 91, 92, 93
(56) References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
3,399,993 A * 9/1968 Agnew 430/394
4,238,840 A * 12/1980 Swainson 365/119
4,986,619 A * 1/1991 Walker et al 359/3
4,987,006 A * 1/1991 Williams et al 427/597
5,472,589 A * 12/1995 Jacobs 204/616
6,292,277 Bl 9/2001 Kikinis
6,328,342 Bl * 12/2001 Belousov et al 283/91
U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/893,088, Kikinis.
* cited by examiner
Primary Examiner—-John Juba, Jr.
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm—Donald R. Boys; Central Coast Patent Agency, Inc.
A system for producing a white-light interference hologram includes a camera adapted for recording a first and a second bitmap image ol a scene from separate vantage points, and the separation distance ol the vantage points, a computing engine adapted to compute three-dimensional x, y, and z characteristics ol an interference hologram topology for the scene from the bitmap image and separation data, wherein x and y are two dimensional locations olbits in a bitmap ol the topology and z is a depth dimension for each x,y bit, and a printer adapted to print in color the x,y bitmap, and to create the depth dimension z at each x,y bit location, providing thereby a three-dimensional interference hologram topology for the scene. In a prelerred embodiment the depth dimension is created by electrophoresis, using a medium having an electrophoretic gel layer, with the ink applied to the gel in a bit-mapped pattern being ionic in nature, and capable ol being migrated in the gel layer by electrophoresis. In other embodiments the third dimension is provided by using magnetic ink and migrating the bits using controlled magnetic fields.
4 Claims, 7 Drawing Sheets