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Publication numberWO1993022984 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberPCT/PL1993/000007
Publication date25 Nov 1993
Filing date13 May 1993
Priority date15 May 1992
Publication numberPCT/1993/7, PCT/PL/1993/000007, PCT/PL/1993/00007, PCT/PL/93/000007, PCT/PL/93/00007, PCT/PL1993/000007, PCT/PL1993/00007, PCT/PL1993000007, PCT/PL199300007, PCT/PL93/000007, PCT/PL93/00007, PCT/PL93000007, PCT/PL9300007, WO 1993/022984 A1, WO 1993022984 A1, WO 1993022984A1, WO 9322984 A1, WO 9322984A1, WO-A1-1993022984, WO-A1-9322984, WO1993/022984A1, WO1993022984 A1, WO1993022984A1, WO9322984 A1, WO9322984A1
InventorsJaroslaw Deszczynski, Janusz Karpinski
ApplicantDeszczyn & Cir & Ski Jaroslaw, Karpin & Cir & Ski Janusz
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: Patentscope, Espacenet
A stabilizer for treating broken bones
WO 1993022984 A1
Abstract
A stabilizer for treating broken bones constitutes a dynamic fixator for treatment of fractures in the neighbourhood of various bone joints. The stabilizer is constructed of a proximal assembly consisting of the connector (7) shiftable on rails (1, 2) by adjustment means (18) via spring elements (17). The rails (1, 2) are connected with the stabilizer joint (3) whose axis is coincident with the joint to be spanned. In the connector (7) there are formed openings for bone screws (14, 15, 16), introduced to the bones at right angles or at any other angle required for increased stability. Reposition is enabled by lateral shifting of bone screw (15) in oval opening (11) by means of adjusting screw (32). The distal assembly may be the same as the proximal assembly, or may take various forms depending on the joint to be spanned.
Claims  (OCR text may contain errors)
We claim:
1. A compensating stabilizer for treating the broken bones, especially at the space of joints, being constructed of quiding rails, having places thereon the connectors with bone screws, and of movable joint, characterized in that the prior-to-joint assembly is preferably composed of two parallel quiding rails /1/, /2/, on which rails there are placed two movement limiting means /3/, /4/ contacting advantageously of means of buffer pads /5/, /6/ with a connector /7/ shiftable on rails, having the bone screws /14/ /15/ /16/ and stabilized by spring means /17/ and controlling means /18/ on said quiding rails /1/ /2/ being connected with a joint /33/, controlling - stabilizing assembly.
2. The stabilizer according to Claim 1, wherein the connector /7/ comprises longitudinal quides /25/ for said quide rails /1/ /2/, having a profile corresponding to them and parts /12/ perpendicular to a long axis, for appropriate amount of bone screws /14//15/ /16/, blocked by means of blocking screws /26/ or bolts /27/, one of said bone screws being quided transversely in an oval opening /11/ and being adjusted by means of an adjusting screw /32/.
3. The stabilizer according to Claim 1, wherein the connector /7/ is shiftable in external quide rails having a cross - section approaching the shape of C-channel /28/ or having a closed cross - section, preferably oval /29/, by means of a thightening screw /30/, and said quiding rail is connected with the movable joint by means of the joint /33/, preferably being the ball joint, and of blocking screw /34/.
4. The stabilizer according to Claim 1, wherein the bone screws are inclined at the angle of about 45 to the bending axis of treated human joint, and the prior-to-joint and out-of-joint assemblies are connected with two semi - circular elements /21/, forming the axial joint.
5. The stabilizer according to Claim 1, wherein the prior-to-joint assembly is connected by means of axial joint with the out-of-joint assembly, comprised of bent element /35/ connected shiftably with a plate /36/ by means of screws /40/ /41/ in openings /37/ /38/, said plate having on its end a rod /39/, disposed rotatably and shiftably thereon and having transverse openings /43/ /44/ for bone screws being stabilized in the rod by means of a nut /42/.
6. The stabilizer according to Claim 1, wherein the prior-to-joint assembly is connected by means the axial joint with the out-of-joint assembly, constructed of the connector /45/, in which there is disposed shiftably a quide /46/, at the ends of which there are placed the elements /47/ having the openings for bone screws.
7. The stabilizer according to Claim 1, wherein the connector /48/ with the controlling means /50/ and bone screws /51/ and with a part of quiding rails constitute the prior-to-joint assembly, and the rails connecting with the element /52/ having the openings for the bone screws constitute the out-of-joint assembly.
8. The stabilizer according to Claim 1, wherein the bone screws extend through the connector at various angles.
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A STABILIZER FOR TREATING BROKEN BONES

Field of the Invention

The present invention concerns an external stabilizer for treatment of broken bones, especially joint bones.

Background of the Invention

There are known the external stabilizers for treatment of bone breaks, equipped with bone screws, stabilizing rails and controlling - stabilizing mechanismus. The exemples are stabilizers known from filing specifications RP nr P 280389, P 283664 and P 285201. Such stabilizers enable the reposition of bone stumps in axial lift and their stabilization. Such stabilizers have however disadvantages, namely large overall dimensions impossibility of full reposition and a lack of satisfying stabilization.

The Iliazarow's stabilizers assure good stabilization and reposition of bone stumps, however they have large overall dimensions and due to a lack of movable joint they can not be used for treatment based on functional method.

Summary of the Invention

The object of the invention is to elaborate the stabilizing set - up, enabling the correlation of displacements, stabilization of bone stumps and functional treatment in motion, with possibility of accomodation the elements of said set - up corresponding to a kind of bone break. The stabilizer consists of an assembly of guiding rail and connector with bone screws, what constitutes the prior-to-joint assembly. It has a possibility of adjusting the position of rails in relation to connector and of bone screws in relation to connector. The prior-to-joint assembly in connected by a movable joint with an out-of-joint assembly, which depending on the location constututes symetrically the same out-of-joint construction or a specific construction intended for treatment of broken elbow or ankle joint. For treatment of broken shaft of bones there is applied the stabilizer, composed of prior-of-joint assembly, having joint part replaced with the openings for bone screws.

These and further objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description, wherein reference is made to the figures in the accompanying drawings.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Pig. 1 shows schematically a longitudinal cross - section of the device;

Fig. 2 shows the device in a side cross - section; Fig. 3 is a front view of the connector with bone screws;

Fig. 4 is a longitudinal cross - section of priorto-joint assembly with closed section;

Fig. 5 is a side view of the assembly as seen from Figure 4;

Fig. 6 is a cross - section of the assembly from Figure 4; Fig. 7 is a cross - section of the prior-to-joint assembly having a C - shaped section;

Fig. 8 is an element semi - circular in cross - section;

Fig. 9 is a side view of the element of Fig. 8;

Fig. 10 is a side view of out-of-joint ankle assembly;

Fig. 11 is a transverse cross - section of the assembly of Fig. 10;

Fig. 12 is a transverse cross - section of out-of-joint elbow assembly;

Fig. 13 is a longitudinal cross - section of the assembly of Fig. 12;

Fig. 14 is a side view of the assembly of Fig. 12; Fig. 15 is a longitudinal cross - section of the stabilizer for treating the shaft of long bones; and

Fig. 16 is a side view of the stabilizer.

Detailed Description of Preferred Embodiments

The stabilizer consists of prior-to-joint assembly as shown of Fig. 1 - 3 and composed advantageously of twoquide rails 1 , 2 having preferably a circular cross - section, on which there is embedded a longitudinal connector 7, having a possibility of axial movement. Said movement is generated by adjustment means 18, preferably in the form of a nut, directly or by means of elastic elements 17, eg. springs. On the other side of connector 7 there are means 4 for limiting movement, preferably in the form of nuts, threaded into quiding rails. Preferably between the means 4 for limiting movement and the connector 7 there are placed the damping elements, eg. of rubber /not shown/. Between one connector 7 and the second connector there are the quiding rails 1, 2 connected with a mechanical joint 3 having a characteristic approaching the human joint on which it is installed. In the connector 7 there are formed the apertures having the shape and the size approaching the quiding rails 1, 2. Angularly to them, and preferably at the straight angle, there are the openings 12, in which the bone screws 14, 15, 16 are fixed. On of bone screws 15 is shifted transversely in transverse oval orifice 11, what enables its displacement in relation to an axis of the assembly, as well as compensation of bone stumps displacements.

The shifting of said bone screw is realized by means of adjusting screw 32. The blocking of bone screws takes place by means of blocking screws 26 or bolts 27.

In order to obtain the larger stiffness and strenght of the assembly, especially in treatment of lower limb, advantageously there is applied the assembly as shown in Figs. 4 - 7, in which the connector 7 is places shiftably between external quide rails 1, 2 having a shape approaching the C - shaped rail 28 /Fig. 7/ or preferably having the closed cross - section rail 29 /Fig. 6/. The axial shifting is generated by the rotation of a tightering screw 30. The rails 28 or 29 are connected with the joint 3 by means of a hall joint 33 a blocking serew 34. For the treatment of broken bones in the space of metacarpus, metarsus and fingers there is advantageous to incorporate the bone screws together with stabilizing assembly at the angle of about 45 in relation to bending asiε of the joint. The axes of human joint and mechanical joint have to be simultaneously coextensive. It is realized by means of two semi - circular elements 21, constituting the axial joint. Said elements have the shape approaching the sections of rings.

For the treatment of elbow joint there is applied the stabilizer as shown in Figs. 12 - 14. It consists of a typical prior-to-joint assembly /not shown/, connected by means of an axial joint with the out-of-joint assembly, formed of an arcuately bent element 35, the proximal end thereof constituting the part of stabilizer's joint, and the second wide end has apertures for screws 40, 41. Said screws enter the openings 37, 38 of a plate 36 and enable its shifting. Unscrewing said screws enables the reposition of the break, and the blocking makes the reposition durable. At the end of the plate 36 there is placed a rotatable rod 39 having transverse openings 43, 44 in which there are embedded the bone screws, blocked by means of a nut 42.

For the treatment of ankle joint there is applied stabilizer as shown in Figs. 10 and 11. It consists of prior-to-joint assembly /not shown/, connected by means of an axial joint with out-of-joint assembly, constructed of a connector 45, constituting at one end the part of the joint, and at the other end constituting the leading for a quide 46. On its ends there are shiftably placed the elements 47, having the openings for the bone screws. All elements are blocked by means of the bolts.

For treatment of broken shaft of long legs there may be used the stabilizer as shown in Figs. 15 and 16. Said stabilizer is constructed from a connector 48 having a controller means 50, bone screws 48 and a part of quiding rails constituting an prior-to-joint assembly. The quiding rails are connected inseparably with element 52, being equipped with bone screws.

While the device described herein before is effectively adapted to fulfill the aforesaid object, it is to be understood that the invention is not intended to be limited to the specific preferred embodiment. Rather, it is to be taken as including all reasonable equivalents within the scope of the following claims.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
DE3527342A1 *31 Jul 198512 Feb 1987Aesculap Werke AgClip fixator for fixing retention pins screwed into bone parts
EP0240034A1 *6 Apr 19877 Oct 1987Ulrich Dr.-Ing. WitzelExternal fixation for osteosynthesis
EP0458486A1 *7 May 199127 Nov 1991James Bruce RichardsonBone fixator
FR2129735A5 * Title not available
US4730608 *5 Mar 198615 Mar 1988Schlein Allen PExternal bone-anchoring fixator
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US79316508 May 200326 Apr 2011Zimmer Technology, Inc.Adjustable bone stabilizing frame system
US869666828 Mar 201115 Apr 2014Zimmer, Inc.Adjustable bone stabilizing frame system
Classifications
International ClassificationA61B17/64
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/6475, A61B17/645, A61B17/6425
European ClassificationA61B17/64H, A61B17/64D
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