Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberWO1990014712 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberPCT/US1990/002244
Publication date29 Nov 1990
Filing date26 Apr 1990
Priority date24 May 1989
Publication numberPCT/1990/2244, PCT/US/1990/002244, PCT/US/1990/02244, PCT/US/90/002244, PCT/US/90/02244, PCT/US1990/002244, PCT/US1990/02244, PCT/US1990002244, PCT/US199002244, PCT/US90/002244, PCT/US90/02244, PCT/US90002244, PCT/US9002244, WO 1990/014712 A1, WO 1990014712 A1, WO 1990014712A1, WO 9014712 A1, WO 9014712A1, WO-A1-1990014712, WO-A1-9014712, WO1990/014712A1, WO1990014712 A1, WO1990014712A1, WO9014712 A1, WO9014712A1
InventorsKing Fu Lee
ApplicantMotorola, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: Patentscope, Espacenet
Low current switched capacitor circuit
WO 1990014712 A1
Abstract
A switched capacitor circuit (10) is disclosed having reduced energy consumption. A variable bias (30) supplies an operating current (32) to the switched capacitor circuit (10). When the circuit (10) is not being utilized, the variable bias (30) supplies a lower, but non-zero, current.
Claims  (OCR text may contain errors)
O ms.
1. A switched capacitor circuit having reduced energy consumption, comprising: a switched capacitor circuit; and variable bias means for supplying an operating current to said switched capacitor circuit, said variable bias means providing a lower current when said switched capacitor circuit is not being utilized.
2. The switched capacitor circuit of claim 1 , wherein said switched capacitor circuit has its power consumption reduced.
3. The switched capacitor circuit of claim 1 , wherein said switched capacitor circuit has its current consumption reduced.
4. The switched capacitor circuit of claim 1 , wherein said variable bias means provides a lower current in response to a control signal when said switched capacitor circuit is not being utilized.
5. The switched capacitor circuit of claim 4, wherein said variable bias means includes a plurality of bias sources.
6. The switched capacitor circuit of claim 5, wherein at least one of said plurality of bias sources is disengaged to provide said lower current in response to said control signal.
7. The switched capacitor circuit of claim 4, wherein said switched capacitor circuit stops switching in response to said control signal.
8. The switched capacitor circuit of claim 4, wherein said control signal has a selectable duty cycle.
9. A switched capacitor circuit having reduced energy consumption, comprising: a switched capacitor circuit; and variable bias means for supplying an operating current to said switched capacitor circuit, said variable bias means providing a reduced, but non-zero, current when said switched capacitor circuit is not being utilized.
10. A method for reducing energy consumption in a switched capacitor circuit, comprising the step of: supplying a first current to said switched capacitor circuit when said switched capacitor circuit is in an operational mode, and supplying a second current to said switched capacitor circuit when said switched capacitor circuit is in a standby mode, said second current being less than said first current but non-zero in magnitude.
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

LOW CURRENT SWITCHED CAPACITOR CIRCUIT

Technical Field This invention relates generally to energy (battery) saving circuits, and more particularly to the battery saving of a switched capacitor circuit that may be used as a switched capacitor filter.

Background Art Switched capacitor circuits are known. Such circuits are the product of circuit design techniques commonly used to miniaturize (integrate) components. In portable (hand-held) communication applications, components such as filters are often reduced to integrated circuit (IC) form. A switched capacitor circuit utilizes the fact that when a capacitor is switched between a signal to be sampled and ground at a rate many times that of the frequency of the sampled signal, the capacitor will simulate the circuit behavior of a resistor.

To save the current drain (energy consumption) of a switched capacitor circuit, it is known to activate the switched capacitor circuit only when it is needed and to fully deactivate it when it is not in use. This provides maximized energy savings since the circuit only draws current when activated. However, substantial DC transient currents are produced when the switched capacitor circuit is turned ON and OFF (i. e., activated and deactivated). These DC transients increase the settling time required before information can be passed through the circuits, and therefore, cannot be used in a system that requires fast turn- on time.

Another problem exists for the conventional battery saving technique of turning the switched capacitor circuit ON and OFF. For those communication applications that require continuous operation, such as squelch, discontinuities in the applied power would interrupt such operations, and therefore, would not be usable. Hence, a need exists to lower the current drain of switched capacitor circuits without introducing transient switching currents.

Summary of the Invention

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an energy efficient switched capacitor circuit that avoids the transients generated in the prior art circuits.

Briefly, according to the invention, a switched capacitor circuit is provided having reduced energy consumption. A variable bias supplies an operating current to the switched capacitor circuit. When the circuit is not being utilized, the variable bias supplies a lower, but non-zero, current.

Brief Description of the Drawings

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a switched capacitor circuit according to the present invention.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiment

Referring to FIG. 1 , a switched capacitor low-pass filter according to the present invention is shown. A conventional switched capacitor filter 10 comprises an operational amplifier 16 and a pair of capacitors 12 and 14 (that simulate resistors when switched rapidly) forming a simple low-pass filter configuration. An input signal, Vjn, is coupled to an inverting input of the operational amplifier (Op Amp) 16 by a pair of sampling switches 18. As is readily understood in the art, there are commonly two phases of sampling signals associated with the switches 18. These are an EVEN phase and an ODD phase. Typically, these signals are of complimentary phase and are generated from a clock signal 50 by a circuit 20. All the switches marked "EVEN" are closed simultaneously, then opened followed by a closure of all the switches marked "ODD". When the switch 18 is closed for the EVEN phase, the current provided by V|N charges the capacitor 12. The voltage VIN developed across the capacitor 12 is fed to the Op Amp 16 when the switch 18 is closed for the ODD phase. As in a conventional active RC low-pass filter, the positive input of the Op Amp 16 is grounded. The Op Amp 16 provides an output signal, Vout. ~ portion of which is fed back to the negative input of the Op Amp 16 by a capacitor 22 and the capacitor 14 (in conjunction with the sampling switches 18). A bias network 30 supplies a bias output 32 to the operational amplifier 16. A resistor 34 and an N-channel MOSFET 36 set up a current reference 11 that is mirrored by a pair of N-channel MOSFETs 38 and 42 as currents 12 and 13 respectively. A P-channel MOSFET 44 provides the current source capability for the mirrored currents I 2 and 1 3. To insure that the operational amplifier 16 is never completely turned OFF, and yet to reduce the current drain, a control signal is coupled to the gate of an N channel MOSFET 46 to selectively turn the current 12 ON and OFF. During normal circuit operation, the control signal will be HIGH, which turns on the MOSFET 46. In this way, the sum of currents 12 and 13 will bias the Op Amp 16 at a current having full drive capability. However, when the control line is LOW, the MOSFET 46 becomes non-conductive and no current will flow through it. The duty cycle (or duration) the control signal will remain LOW is selectable to obtain the current reduction desired. The longer the control signal is LOW, the less current is consumed. This lower current mode has limited drive capability, but the current 13 from the MOSFET 42 will bias the Op Amp 16 in a standby mode. Although limited, this current is sufficient to compensate for any leakage in the Op Amp16 and to eliminate the DC transients from occurring when reactivated. During the standby mode, the limited current 13 is insufficient to provide for the switching of the capacitors 12 and 14. Therefore, the switching signals (ODD and EVEN) are also disabled. To disable the switching signals, the LOW control signal is ANDed (52) with the CLOCK signal 50 to prevent the clock signal from driving the phase generation circuit 20.

What is claimed is:

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4521743 *29 Dec 19834 Jun 1985Cordis CorporationSwitched capacitor amplifier
US4760346 *30 Sep 198626 Jul 1988Motorola, Inc.Switched capacitor summing amplifier
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5155394 *12 Feb 199113 Oct 1992National Semiconductor CorporationBias distribution circuit and method using FET and bipolar
US5543745 *28 Apr 19956 Aug 1996Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaVoltage controlled current source and bias generation circuit using such current source
US625588521 Dec 19983 Jul 2001Per-Olof BrandtLow voltage transistor biasing
Classifications
International ClassificationH03F1/02, H03H19/00
Cooperative ClassificationH03F1/0216, H03H19/004
European ClassificationH03F1/02T1C, H03H19/00B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
29 Nov 1990AKDesignated states
Kind code of ref document: A1
Designated state(s): CA JP KR
29 Nov 1990ALDesignated countries for regional patents
Kind code of ref document: A1
Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB IT LU NL SE
24 Mar 1992NENPNon-entry into the national phase in:
Ref country code: CA