|Publication number||USRE40186 E1|
|Application number||US 10/678,058|
|Publication date||25 Mar 2008|
|Filing date||2 Oct 2003|
|Priority date||21 Mar 1997|
|Also published as||US6876978, US20050171848|
|Publication number||10678058, 678058, US RE40186 E1, US RE40186E1, US-E1-RE40186, USRE40186 E1, USRE40186E1|
|Inventors||Jay S. Walker, Andrew S. Van Luchene, Dean P. Alderucci|
|Original Assignee||Walker Digital, Llc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (127), Non-Patent Citations (75), Referenced by (4), Classifications (50), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present application is a continuation-in-part application of co-pending patent application Ser. No. 08/920,116, entitled METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROCESSING SUPPLEMENTARY PRODUCT SALES AT A POINT-OF-SALE TERMINAL, filed on Aug. 26, 1997, which is a continuation-in-part of co-pending patent application No. 08/822,709, entitled SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING LOTTERY TICKET TRANSACTIONS UTILIZING POINT-OF-SALE TERMINALS, filed on Mar. 21, 1997.
This application is related to the following commonly-owned, co-pending United States patent applications, each assigned to the assignee of the present invention and filed on Mar. 20, 1998: U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/045,386 entitled “METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING THE PERFORMANCE OF A SUPPLEMENTARY PROCESS AT A POINT-OF-SALE TERMINAL” filed in the name of Jay S. Walker et al.; U.S. patent application ser. No. 09/045,036 entitled “METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FACILITATING THE PLAY OF FRACTIONAL LOTTERY TICKETS UTILIZING POINT-OF-SALE TERMINALS” filed in the name of Jay S. Walker et al.; U.S. patent application Ser. No. 045,084 entitled “METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING OFFERS THAT ARE PROVIDED AT A POINT-OF-SALE TERMINAL” filed in the name of Andrew S. Van Luchene; U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/045,518 entitled “METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING A SUPPLEMENTARY PRODUCT SALE AT A POINT-OF-SALE TERMINAL” filed in the name of Andrew S. Van Luchene; and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/045,347 entitled “METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING A SUPPLEMENTARY PRODUCT SALE AT A POINT-OF-SALE TERMINAL” filed in the name of Dean P. Alderucci et al.
The present invention relates to methods and apparatus for generating coupons.
Point-of-sale (“POS”) terminals, such as cash registers, are used in a wide variety of businesses for performing such processes as calculating the total price of a purchase (goods or services) and calculation the amount of change due to a customer. In addition, POS terminals may also be used to read and process coupons used by a customer. Some POS terminals are further able to print coupons for customers.
Businesses typically offer coupons to customers in an attempt to promote many objectives. One such objective is to entice customers to visit the business. Coupons may further entice customers to visit the business more frequently. For example, a coupon may have an expiration date, and so the customer must use the coupon before that date or not at all. Businesses may also promote certain items by offering coupons which provide a discount only when those items are included in a purchase.
Offering higher-value coupons to customers typically allows a business to more effectively promote their objective, such as customer retention. However, the redemption of higher-value coupons typically reduces the profit gained by the business.
It would be advantageous to provide a method and apparatus for generating coupons that allowed a business to more effectively promoter its various objectives.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for generating coupons that allowed a business to more effectively promote its various objectives.
In accordance with the present invention, a POS terminal generates a purchase price of a purchase, and generates a rounded price. The rounded price may be, for example, the lowest whole number greater than the purchase price. The POS terminal then calculates a round-up amount (change due the customer) as the difference between the purchase price and the rounded price. The coupon value is set based on the round-up amount. For example, the coupon may be redeemable for triple the amount of change due. The POS terminal prints on the coupon an identifier, such as a bar code, that is based on the coupon value. The bar code allows the coupon to be read by a POS terminal when the coupon is redeemed.
As described in the above-cited parent application of the present application, patent application No. 08/920,116, entitled METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROCESSING SUPPLEMENTARY PRODUCT SALES AT A POINT-OF-SALE TERMINAL, filed on Aug. 26, 1997, a customer at a POS terminal may be offered an “upsell” in exchange for an amount of change he is due. The POS terminal determines an upsell in dependence on a purchase of the customer, and can also determine an upsell price to be the amount of change due that customer. Accordingly, the upsell price is based on the purchase. For example, a customer purchasing a first item for $1.74 and tendering $2.00 may be offered a second item in exchange for the $0.26 change due. The upsell price, $0.26, thus depends on the purchase price $1.74.
As also described in the above-cited parent application, one type of upsell that may be offered for change due is a voucher which is redeemable for a product or a discount thereon (hereinafter a “coupon”). The coupon may have a value to a customer which is greater than the value of the change exchanged therefor. By providing coupons for change in accordance with the present invention, a business can reduce the time between visits by customers and increase customer satisfaction, thereby increasing sales.
The description below is arranged into the following sections: Rounding a Purchase Price, Determining a Coupon Value, Setting a Coupon Feature, and Printing a Coupon.
An input device 16 comprises a keypad for transmitting input signals, such as signals indicative of a purchase, to the processor 12. The input device may also comprise a bar code scanner for reading bar codes, such as those printed on packaging, coupons and receipts. The input device may further comprise a card reader, such as those for reading credit cards and frequent shopper cards. A printer 18 registers indicia on paper or other material, thereby printing receipts and coupons as commanded by the processor 12. A display device 20 is preferably a video monitor for displaying at least alphanumeric characters to the customer and/or cashier. Many types of input devices, printers and display devices are known to those skilled in the art, and need not be described in detail herein. The input device 16, printer 18 and display device 20 are each in communication with the processor 12.
The storage device 14 stores a program 22 for controlling the processor 12. The processor 12 performs instructions of the program 22, and thereby operates in accordance with the present invention, and particularly in accordance with the methods described in detail herein. The program 22 furthermore includes program elements that may be necessary, such as an operating system and “device drivers” for allowing the processor 12 to interface with computer peripheral devices, such as the input device 16, the printer 18 and the display device 20. Appropriate device drivers and other necessary program elements are known to those skilled in the art, and need not be described in detail herein.
The storage device 14 also stores (i) a rounding multiple database 23; (ii) a transaction database 26; (iii) a coupon database 28; and (iv) an encoding scheme database 32. The databases 23, 26, 28 and 32 are described in detail below and depicted with exemplary entries in the accompanying figures. As will be understood by those skilled in the art, the schematic illustration and accompanying descriptions of the databases presented herein are exemplary arrangements for stored representations of information. A number of other arrangements may be employed besides the tables shown. Similarly, the illustrated entries represent exemplary information, but those skilled in the art will understand that the number and content of the entries can be different from those illustrated herein.
The POS terminal then generates a “rounded” price (step 104), and calculates a round-up amount (step 106) equal to the difference between the purchase price and the rounded price. The rounded price may be generated in many ways, as described in more detail below.
The rounded price may be based on the purchase price. For example, the rounded price may be the smallest whole number dollar amount that is greater than the purchase price, the smallest multiple of five dollars amount that is greater than the purchase price, or the amount of money tendered by the customer to pay for the purchase price, which may or may not be a whole number amount of dollars. When the reounded price is a whole number, the customer can easily tender bills and in turn receive, at his discretion, either (i) no change, or (ii) change which consists solely of bills, not coins. When the rounded price is a multiple of large-denomination coins, such as nickels, dimes, quarters or half dollars, the customer can receive change that consists solely of coins the customer desires, such as quarters.
In another embodiment, the POS terminal determines a rounding multiple that corresponds to the purchase price. The purchase price is then rounded in accordance with the rounding multiple to generate the rounded price. For example, referring to
The rounding multiple database 23 may be used to determine a rounding multiple and thus a rounded price. For example, if a purchase price is $8.27, the entry 124 (which indicates a range of purchase prices that includes $8.27) corresponds to that purchase price. The entry 124 also indicates a rounding multiple $5, and thus the rounding multiple $5 corresponds to the purchase price $8.27. The purchase price $8.27 is rounded in accordance with the rounding multiple $5, thereby generating a rounded price of $10. Accordingly, the round-up amount is $1.73 ($10−$8.27=$1.73).
The rounded price may also be based on items included in the purchase. In one embodiment, generating the rounded price comprises determining whether a predetermined item is included in the purchase. Typically, the predetermined item is selected to be a high-value good, so that inclusion of the predetermined item indicates a willingness to pay a higher rounded price. The rounded price could then be set greater if the predetermined item was included.
For example, the POS terminal may determine whether the purchase includes a swordfish steak. If so, the rounded price is set greater than it would otherwise be set. Thus, the rounded price is set to a first value (e.g. $15) if the purchase does not include a predetermined item, and is set to a second (greater) value (e.g. $20) otherwise. The first value and the second value are based on the purchase price. For example, the first value may be the purchase price rounded to a first rounding multiple (e.g. $5), and the second value may be the purchase price rounded to a second (higher) rounding multiple (e.g. $10). In such an embodiment, the rounding multiple could be determined based on whether the purchase includes a predetermined item.
Similarly, generating the rounded price can comprise determining whether a premium item is included in the purchase. A premium item is an item that indicates a willingness to pay a higher rounded prices. A premium item may be any of a set of predetermined items, such as high-margin items. Alternatively, premium items may be goods which are determined to have a high margin or a high price compared with available substitutes. As described above, the rounded price, or a rounding multiple, can be based on inclusion of s;such premium items in the purchase.
In certain situations, rounding a purchase price in accordance with different rounding multiplies will yield the same rounded price. For example, rounding the purchase price $29.03 to the nearest $1 or to the nearest $10 will yield the same rounded price ($30). In such a situation, it may be desirable to increase the rounded price when the rounding multiple $10 is used, so that the resulting rounded price is assured to be greater than when the rounding multiple is $1. For example, referring to Table 1 below, an “increase” may be applied to guarantee that the rounded price is greater when the rounded multiple is greater.
First Rounding Example
The increase may be established so that the round-up amount is within a predetermined range. For example, if a business desires to exchange a predetermined item in exchange for at least $0.85, the increase may be established at $1.00 so that a round-up amount is always greater than $0.85. The rounded price may be generated in other ways that are based on the price of the predetermined item, thereby allowing the predetermined item to be exchanged for change due.
In still another embodiment, the rounded price may be generated based on the highest-priced item in the purchase. The maximum price of all the prices would indicate a willingness to pay a higher rounded price. For example, referring to Table 2 below, a rounding multiple may be determined from the highest price item. The purchase price is then rounded in accordance with the rounding multiple to generate a rounded price, as described above.
Second Rounding Example
Highest Priced Item
$15 or more
Once the round-up amount is determined, an upsell to offer in exchange for the round-up amount is determined as well. The upsell is offered to the customer, and, if accepted, the upsell is exchanged for the change due. If the offer is accepted, an indication of such acceptance can be stored for later use. For example, based on historic acceptances of particular offers, different upsells may be offered.
The coupon value can be expressed as a (typically reduced) price for an item or the purchase, or a reduction in the price of an item or the purchase. The reduction may be expressed in many ways, such as a percentage discount or a fixed amount that is to be subtracted from the price.
The coupon value is typically based on the round-up amount, and may in particular be based on a predetermined multiple of the round-up amount. For example, the coupon value may be set to three times the round-up amount. In such an embodiment, a customer can be offered a coupon worth $0.99 for his $0.33 change due.
The POS terminal may furthermore set the coupon value based on the round-up amount and a condition. Several conditions may be used, and selection of desirable conditions will typically be dictated by various business goals.
One condition is whether the customer uses a coupon in paying for the current purchase. In such an embodiment, the POS terminal provides a greater-value coupon to customers that are less likely to redeem coupons (i.e. customers that do not redeem a coupon in the current transaction). Customers that are less likely to redeem coupons will typically require a greater value coupon in exchange for their change due. Accordingly, the POS terminal determines whether the purchase includes coupon redemption. For example, coupons may be scanned by a bar code scanner and thus read by the POS terminal to indicate coupon redemption. Alternatively, various buttons on the input device 16 (
If the purchase includes coupon redemption, the coupon value is set to a first value. If the purchase does not include coupon redemption, the coupon value is set to a second value greater than the first value. Both the first value and the second value are based on the round-up amount. For example, a customer that redeems a coupon in his purchase may be provided with a coupon worth twice his change, while a customer that does not redeem a coupon in his purchase may be provided with a coupon worth triple his change.
Another condition is previous coupon redemption by the customer. As described above, the POS terminal provides a greater-value coupon to customers that are less likely to redeem coupons (i.e. customers that historically have not redeemed coupons much or at all). In such an embodiment, the POS terminal receives a customer identifier, such as a frequent shopper number, that uniquely identifies the customer. Based on the customer identifier, the customer's historical coupon redemption is measured. The historical coupon redemption may be, for example, the number of coupons redeemed or the ratio of coupons redeemed to number of purchases.
When a customer initiates a transaction using a frequent shopper card, the POS terminal receives the customer identifier from a card reader or similar device. The POS terminal may then update the corresponding entry of the transaction database 26, for example, by increasing the number of purchases and number of coupons redeemed accordingly. When generating a coupon, the POS terminal likewise determines the coupon redemption that is based on the customer identifier, and sets the coupon value based on the coupon redemption. The coupon redemption may be explicitly stored in the transaction database 26, or may be calculated from data stored therein.
Referring to Table 3, there is shown an exemplary set of coupon values for various ranges of coupon redemption. Such information on coupon values may be stored in the storage device 14 (FIG. 1). In this embodiment, coupon redemption is expressed as the average number of coupons redeemed per purchase.
Coupon Value Based on Coupon Redemption
Quadruple the Change Due
Triple the Change Due
Double the Change Due
For example, referring again to
In addition, it can be further advantageous to provide a greater coupon value to customers periodically. For example, the coupon value of the coupon offered to the customer may be increased on every tenth transaction, or on every tenth coupon redeemed. Accordingly, in some embodiments the coupon value is increased if the number of transactions or number of coupons redeemed corresponds to a multiple of a predetermined number (e.g. a multiple of ten).
Another condition is the payment type used in paying for the current purchase. The POS terminal can determine a payment type and set the coupon value based on the payment type. The payment type may be, for example, a credit card, a debit card, currency (coins and bills) or a check. The POS terminal can determine the payment type by actuation of keys provided in the input device 16 (
It is particularly advantageous to provide a greater-value coupon to customers that use a payment type other than currency (e.g. credit card or check). Such customers are able to pay exact amounts and thus do not have to receive any change. Accordingly, customers that use a payment type other than currency should be provided with more of an advantage to pay a rounded amount and accept a coupon in return for change due. The POS terminal can determine whether the payment type is currency and, if so, set the coupon value to a first (lower) value. Otherwise, the coupon value is set to a second (higher) value.
Another condition is whether the customer uses a frequent shopper card in the current transaction. It is particularly advantageous to provide a greater-value coupon to customers that use a frequent shopper card, since customers then have an incentive to register for the frequent shopper program. The business in turn benefits since the transactions of registered customers can be readily tracked. The POS terminal can determine whether a frequent shopper card is used by actuation of keys provided in the input device 16 (
Another condition is the acceptance rate of offers for upsells. It is particularly advantageous to provide a greater-value coupon to customers that have historically not accepted the offer for a coupon in exchange for their spare change. Such customers typically require an enhanced incentive to accept such offers. The POS terminal can receive a customer identifier from various devices such as card readers that read frequent shopper cards. The POS terminal then determines an acceptance rate based on the customer identifier, and sets the coupon value based on the acceptance rate.
For example, referring to
When a customer initiates a transaction using a frequent shopper card, the POS terminal receives the customer identifier from a card reader or similar device. The POS terminal may then update the corresponding entry of the transaction database, for example, by increasing the number of purchases and number of accepted upsell offers accordingly. When generating a coupon, the POS terminal likewise determines the historical acceptance rate that is based on the customer identifier, and sets the coupon value based on that acceptance rate. The acceptance rate may be explicitly stored in the transaction database, or may be calculated from data stored therein.
Referring to Table 4, there is shown an exemplary set of coupon values for various ranges of acceptance rates. In this embodiment, acceptance rate is expressed as the average number of acceptances per purchase.
Coupon Value Based on Acceptance Rate
Triple the Change Due
Double the Change Due
For example, referring again to
As described above, the POS terminal prints on the coupon an identifier that is based on the coupon value. In other embodiments, the identifier can be based on both the coupon value and a coupon feature. Such an embodiment allows more than just the value of the coupon to be set by the POS terminal. Accordingly, coupons can be better customized to promote business objectives.
A coupon feature is an aspect of the coupon that may assume one of a plurality of values. In the present invention, the POS terminal can set the coupon feature in accordance with various goals. Two types of coupon features that are discussed in detail herein are a validity period and a required item. Other coupon features will be understood by those skilled in the art.
A validity period of a coupon is a period during which the coupon may be redeemed. For example, the validity period may be defined by an expiration date, which defines the end of the validity period. A validity period may be predetermined times of the day, such as from 1:30 PM to 4:00 PM every weekday until Jan. 30, 1999.
In one embodiment, the validity period depends on the time since the last transaction of the customer. In such an embodiment, the POS terminal may set the validity period in order to prompt customers to return to the store sooner than they otherwise would have.
In another embodiment, the validity period depends on the current time. In such an embodiment, the POS terminal may also set the validity period to prompt customers to return to the store sooner than they otherwise would have.
Once the interval is determined, the validity period of the coupon is set to exclude the interval. For example, if the interval is the range from Saturday, Dec. 18, 1999 to Sunday, Dec. 19, 1999, a validity period that excludes that interval is the date range from Monday, Dec. 20, 1999 to Friday, Dec. 24, 1999. As another example, if the current time is 12:30 PM, then a corresponding interval is the range from 11:30 AM to 1:30 PM. A validity period that excludes this interval is “any weekday after 1:30”.
A required item of a coupon is a coupon feature that indicates an item that must be purchased in order to redeem the coupon. For example, if a coupon is for “30% discount on a can of Acme corn”, the required item is Acme corn, and the coupon value is a 30% reduction in the price of Amce corn.
In one embodiment, the required item is based on the historical coupon redemption of the customer. Customers that do not redeem many coupons are typically less likely to accept an offer for a coupon. Accordingly, such customers should be offered higher-value coupons than those customers that have greater coupon redemption. Thus, customers that have greater coupon redemption are offered a (relatively) lower-value coupon, such as a coupon for higher priced items, for higher margin items or for items the customer does not often purchase.
The step 326 can comprise setting the required item to be a predetermined item if the coupon redemption is greater than a predetermined threshold. For example, if a customer redeems coupons on every transaction (e.g., coupon redemption >0.9), it can be desirable to offer him a coupon for a higher margin item, or some other predetermined item.
If the coupon redemption is greater than a predetermined threshold (step 348), then the required item of the coupon is set to be the infrequent item (step 350). The predetermined threshold may be established to discriminate between customers that are likely to redeem coupons and those that are not.
Once the coupon value and any appropriate coupon parameters are set, the POS terminal prints on a coupon an identifier that is based on the coupon value (and coupon parameters, if any). In one embodiment, the identifier comprises a bar code that may be read by bar code scanners in a known manner. The bar code may be of the one-dimensional or two-dimensional type, as will be apparent to those skilled in the art.
As is known in the art, a bar code codifies information, typically a sequence of digits. Accordingly, a bar code can represent one or more values, especially numeric vaules. In one embodiment of the present invention, the bar code indicates a record that stores a coupon value or a coupon feature. In other embodiments, the bar code itself encodes information such as a coupon value or a coupon feature.
Each entry of the coupon database 28 may correspond to a single physical coupon. Alternatively, each entry may correspond to many identical physical coupons. For example, the entry 394 may correspond to one hundred coupons that each may be redeemed for a $0.50 package of Acme tortellini. Each of these coupons would have a bar code that indicated the entry 394, and it can be desirable to also store an indication of the coupons redeemed.
In the above-described embodiment, the bar code printed on the coupon merely indicates where coupons information is stored. The bar code serves to identify information stored in an entry, so that the corresponding entry is determinable from the bar code. In other embodiments, the bar code encodes coupon information.
Alternatively, the identifier that is printed on the coupon may comprise text, rather than a bar code. For example, the coupon may include text that describes the coupon value and/or coupon features. A cashier operating the POS terminal could read the text, and in turn actuate appropriate keys of the POS terminal to indicate the coupon value.
As described above, upon acceptance by the customer, the coupon is printed and exchanged for change due (round-up amount). It can be desirable to print an indication of the change due on the coupon. Such an indication would permit the coupon to be readily returned for the round-up amount, which is the amount the customer originally “paid” for the coupon. For example, a customer may reconsider his acceptance and wish to have his change instead of the coupon. If the coupon includes an indication of the round-up amount, there is little ambiguity about what the customer paid for the coupon.
If the customer reconsiders, he can later return the coupon. The indication of the round-up amount that is printed on the coupon is received by the POS terminal (step 502). For example, the indication of the round-up amount may be encoded in the bar code, determinable from the bar code, or printed separately on the coupon. The bar code or other printing could be scanned by the POS terminal or entered via the input device 16. Once the POS terminal receives the indication and therefrom determines the round-up amount due to the customer, the round-up amount is exchanged for the coupon (step 504).
When the coupon is exchanged for the round-up amount, and vice-versa, the POS terminal may maintain an audit trial regarding the number of coupons that should have been received, and the amount of money that should have been received. Such an audit trail is useful in deterring and detecting fraud. Various auditing procedures will be understood by those skilled in the art.
It can be further desirable to encrypt the indication of the round-up amount to reduce the threat of counterfeit coupons. For example, if the indication of the round-up amount is merely text such as “$0.45”, the coupon could be easily duplicated repeatedly. However, if the round-up amount is encrypted, counterfeiting becomes more difficult. Many encryption and decryption techniques are well known, and described in the text “Applied Cryptography, Protocols, Algorithms, and Source Code in C”, Second Edition, by Bruce Schneier.
Also, if each coupon includes at least one unique identifier, thereby allowing redemption of each coupon to be tracked, then redemption of any counterfeit coupons may be more easily detected and reduced. In addition, if valid identifiers cannot be readily determined from other valid identifiers, fraud is further deterred.
When coupons are redeemed, it can be advantageous to store an indication of such redemption. If the coupon is redeemed, an indication of such redemption can be stored for later use. For example, based on historic redemption of particular coupons, different coupons may be offered.
Although the present invention has been described with respect to a preferred embodiment thereof, those skilled in the art will note that various substitutions may be made to those embodiments described herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. For example, many conditions may be used besides those conditions described in detail herein.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3573747 *||24 Feb 1969||6 Apr 1971||Institutional Networks Corp||Instinet communication system for effectuating the sale or exchange of fungible properties between subscribers|
|US4108361 *||12 Oct 1976||22 Aug 1978||Krause Stephen R||Universal mark sense betting terminal system and method|
|US4323770 *||16 Jul 1979||6 Apr 1982||Societe D'etude De Systems Avances Et D'amenagements||Unit particularly for taking stakes and possibly determining the winners in a game such as a national lotto game|
|US4441160||9 Mar 1981||3 Apr 1984||Auto-Register, Inc.||Point of sale terminal having prompting display|
|US4494197 *||22 Feb 1984||15 Jan 1985||Seymour Troy||Automatic lottery system|
|US4500880 *||6 Jul 1981||19 Feb 1985||Motorola, Inc.||Real time, computer-driven retail pricing display system|
|US4669730 *||5 Nov 1984||2 Jun 1987||Small Maynard E||Automated sweepstakes-type game|
|US4677553 *||9 Nov 1984||30 Jun 1987||International Totalizator Systems, Inc.||Secure placement of confidential information on a circulated blank ticket|
|US4689742 *||5 May 1986||25 Aug 1987||Seymour Troy||Automatic lottery system|
|US4723212 *||27 Feb 1987||2 Feb 1988||Catalina Marketing Corp.||Method and apparatus for dispensing discount coupons|
|US4760247 *||4 Apr 1986||26 Jul 1988||Bally Manufacturing Company||Optical card reader utilizing area image processing|
|US4815741 *||2 Apr 1987||28 Mar 1989||Small Maynard E||Automated marketing and gaming systems|
|US4825045 *||24 Jul 1986||25 Apr 1989||Advance Promotion Technologies, Inc.||System and method for checkout counter product promotion|
|US4839507 *||17 Mar 1988||13 Jun 1989||Lance May||Method and arrangement for validating coupons|
|US4854590 *||8 May 1987||8 Aug 1989||Continental Brokers And Consultants, Inc.||Cash register gaming device|
|US4859838 *||16 Nov 1987||22 Aug 1989||Omron Tateisi Electronics Co.||POS terminal device|
|US4876592||10 May 1988||24 Oct 1989||Henry Von Kohorn||System for merchandising and the evaluation of responses to broadcast transmissions|
|US4882473 *||16 Aug 1988||21 Nov 1989||Gtech Corporation||On-line wagering system with programmable game entry cards and operator security cards|
|US4902880||30 Sep 1988||20 Feb 1990||Peripheral Dynamics, Inc.||Card reader system and method with printing and verification capability|
|US4908761 *||16 Sep 1988||13 Mar 1990||Innovare Resourceful Marketing Group, Inc.||System for identifying heavy product purchasers who regularly use manufacturers' purchase incentives and predicting consumer promotional behavior response patterns|
|US4910672 *||4 Dec 1987||20 Mar 1990||Catalina Marketing Corporation||Method and apparatus for dispensing discount coupons|
|US4922522 *||7 Jun 1988||1 May 1990||American Telephone And Telegraph Company||Telecommunications access to lottery systems|
|US4937853 *||3 May 1989||26 Jun 1990||Agt International, Inc.||Lottery agent data communication/telephone line interface|
|US4973952||21 Sep 1987||27 Nov 1990||Information Resources, Inc.||Shopping cart display system|
|US4982337 *||3 Dec 1987||1 Jan 1991||Burr Robert L||System for distributing lottery tickets|
|US4993714 *||27 Mar 1990||19 Feb 1991||Golightly Cecelia K||Point of sale lottery system|
|US5025372||25 Sep 1989||18 Jun 1991||Meridian Enterprises, Inc.||System and method for administration of incentive award program through use of credit|
|US5056019 *||29 Aug 1989||8 Oct 1991||Citicorp Pos Information Servies, Inc.||Automated purchase reward accounting system and method|
|US5119295 *||27 Feb 1991||2 Jun 1992||Telecredit, Inc.||Centralized lottery system for remote monitoring or operations and status data from lottery terminals including detection of malfunction and counterfeit units|
|US5128862 *||4 Sep 1990||7 Jul 1992||Management Information Support, Inc.||Customer operable system for a retail store or fast-food restaurant having plural ordering stations|
|US5132914 *||30 Apr 1990||21 Jul 1992||Restaurant Technology, Inc.||Food preparation system and method|
|US5172328 *||8 Jan 1992||15 Dec 1992||Restaurant Technology, Inc.||Food preparation system and method|
|US5173851 *||15 Feb 1990||22 Dec 1992||Catalina Marketing International, Inc.||Method and apparatus for dispensing discount coupons in response to the purchase of one or more products|
|US5177342 *||9 Nov 1990||5 Jan 1993||Visa International Service Association||Transaction approval system|
|US5192854 *||5 Feb 1992||9 Mar 1993||Counts Reginald D||System for electronically recording and redeeming coupons|
|US5193056 *||11 Mar 1991||9 Mar 1993||Signature Financial Group Inc.||Data processing system for hub and spoke financial services configuration|
|US5201010 *||19 May 1992||6 Apr 1993||Credit Verification Corporation||Method and system for building a database and performing marketing based upon prior shopping history|
|US5216595 *||20 Mar 1990||1 Jun 1993||Ncr Corporation||System and method for integration of lottery terminals into point of sale systems|
|US5223698 *||5 Apr 1991||29 Jun 1993||Telecredit, Inc.||Card-activated point-of-sale lottery terminal|
|US5231569 *||12 Jun 1990||27 Jul 1993||Sears Payment Systems, Inc.||Account transaction system|
|US5239165 *||30 Sep 1992||24 Aug 1993||Spectra-Physics Scanning Systems, Inc.||Bar code lottery ticket handling system|
|US5243515 *||30 Oct 1990||7 Sep 1993||Lee Wayne M||Secure teleprocessing bidding system|
|US5245533 *||18 Dec 1990||14 Sep 1993||A. C. Nielsen Company||Marketing research method and system for management of manufacturer's discount coupon offers|
|US5256863||5 Nov 1991||26 Oct 1993||Comark Technologies, Inc.||In-store universal control system|
|US5262941 *||30 Mar 1990||16 Nov 1993||Itt Corporation||Expert credit recommendation method and system|
|US5274547 *||3 Jan 1991||28 Dec 1993||Credco Of Washington, Inc.||System for generating and transmitting credit reports|
|US5283731 *||23 Dec 1992||1 Feb 1994||Ec Corporation||Computer-based classified ad system and method|
|US5287268 *||16 Nov 1992||15 Feb 1994||Mccarthy Patrick D||Centralized consumer cash value accumulation system for multiple merchants|
|US5297026||3 Jan 1992||22 Mar 1994||Frank Hoffman||System for promoting account activity|
|US5297031 *||6 Mar 1990||22 Mar 1994||Chicago Board Of Trade||Method and apparatus for order management by market brokers|
|US5302811 *||16 Jul 1991||12 Apr 1994||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Point of sale apparatus including a depositing/withdrawing apparatus|
|US5305195||25 Mar 1992||19 Apr 1994||Gerald Singer||Interactive advertising system for on-line terminals|
|US5309355 *||3 Sep 1993||3 May 1994||Lockwood Lawrence B||Automated sales system|
|US5353218||17 Sep 1992||4 Oct 1994||Ad Response Micromarketing Corporation||Focused coupon system|
|US5353219 *||10 Jun 1993||4 Oct 1994||Management Information Support, Inc.||Suggestive selling in a customer self-ordering system|
|US5371796||1 Jun 1993||6 Dec 1994||Racal-Datacom||Data communication system|
|US5380991 *||16 Nov 1993||10 Jan 1995||Valencia; Luis||Paperless coupon redemption system and method thereof|
|US5398932||21 Dec 1993||21 Mar 1995||Video Lottery Technologies, Inc.||Video lottery system with improved site controller and validation unit|
|US5417424||28 Sep 1993||23 May 1995||Gtech Corporation||Player operated win checker appended to lottery agent terminal|
|US5420606 *||20 Sep 1993||30 May 1995||Begum; Paul G.||Instant electronic coupon verification system|
|US5459306 *||15 Jun 1994||17 Oct 1995||Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation||Method and system for delivering on demand, individually targeted promotions|
|US5481094 *||17 Mar 1994||2 Jan 1996||Fujitsu Limited||Point-of-sale terminal|
|US5504475 *||19 Jan 1994||2 Apr 1996||Sitour Electronic Systems||Pricing display system|
|US5510979 *||13 Mar 1995||23 Apr 1996||Restaurant Technology, Inc.||Data processing system and method for retail stores|
|US5539189||27 Nov 1992||23 Jul 1996||Hopeman Enterprises Ltd.||Card holder's paging system for commercial card data network|
|US5564546||6 Jun 1994||15 Oct 1996||Coinstar, Inc.||Coin counter/sorter and coupon/voucher dispensing machine and method|
|US5572653 *||4 Jan 1994||5 Nov 1996||Rest Manufacturing, Inc.||Remote electronic information display system for retail facility|
|US5581064 *||1 Nov 1994||3 Dec 1996||Pennsylvania Food Merchants Association||Automated coupon processing system employing coupon with identifying code and chosen second identifying code uniquely identifying the coupon|
|US5592375 *||11 Mar 1994||7 Jan 1997||Eagleview, Inc.||Computer-assisted system for interactively brokering goods or services between buyers and sellers|
|US5592376 *||17 Jun 1994||7 Jan 1997||Commonweal Incorporated||Currency and barter exchange debit card and system|
|US5602377 *||1 Mar 1995||11 Feb 1997||Metanetics Corporation||Bar code dataform scanning and labeling apparatus and method|
|US5611052 *||1 Nov 1993||11 Mar 1997||The Golden 1 Credit Union||Lender direct credit evaluation and loan processing system|
|US5612868 *||9 Feb 1995||18 Mar 1997||Catalina Marketing International, Inc||Method and apparatus for dispensing discount coupons|
|US5615269 *||22 Feb 1996||25 Mar 1997||Micali; Silvio||Ideal electronic negotiations|
|US5619558||13 Nov 1995||8 Apr 1997||Ncr Corporation||ATM segment of one marketing method|
|US5620079 *||3 May 1994||15 Apr 1997||Coinstar, Inc.||Coin counter/sorter and coupon/voucher dispensing machine and method|
|US5621201 *||5 Feb 1996||15 Apr 1997||Visa International||Automated purchasing control system|
|US5621640 *||5 Dec 1994||15 Apr 1997||Every Penny Counts, Inc.||Automatic philanthropic contribution system|
|US5621812||17 May 1993||15 Apr 1997||Credit Verification Corporation||Method and system for building a database for use with selective incentive marketing in response to customer shopping histories|
|US5632010 *||22 Dec 1992||20 May 1997||Electronic Retailing Systems, Inc.||Technique for communicating with electronic labels in an electronic price display system|
|US5638457||28 Feb 1994||10 Jun 1997||Credit Verification Corporation||Method and system for building a database for use with selective incentive marketing in response to customer shopping histories|
|US5642484||13 May 1994||24 Jun 1997||Captive Communications, Inc.||Pump top advertisement distribution and display system with performance and sales information feedback|
|US5642485||1 Jun 1995||24 Jun 1997||Credit Verification Corporation||Method and system for selective incentive point-of-sale marketing in response to customer shopping histories|
|US5644723||4 Jan 1994||1 Jul 1997||Credit Verification Corporation||Method and system for selective incentive point-of-sale marketing in response to customer shopping histories|
|US5649114 *||1 Jun 1995||15 Jul 1997||Credit Verification Corporation||Method and system for selective incentive point-of-sale marketing in response to customer shopping histories|
|US5652421||7 Jun 1995||29 Jul 1997||The Gift Certificate Center, Inc.||Method and apparatus for generating gift certificates|
|US5655007||23 Dec 1994||5 Aug 1997||Bell Atlantic Network Services, Inc.||Telephone based credit card protection|
|US5664115 *||7 Jun 1995||2 Sep 1997||Fraser; Richard||Interactive computer system to match buyers and sellers of real estate, businesses and other property using the internet|
|US5665953 *||14 Feb 1996||9 Sep 1997||Lobar Code Inc.||Self-contained personal data collector for redeeming coupons|
|US5724886 *||18 Jun 1996||10 Mar 1998||Restaurant Technology, Inc.||Cooked food staging device and method|
|US5772510||26 Oct 1995||30 Jun 1998||Loto Mark Incorporated||Lottery ticket and system|
|US5822735 *||3 Oct 1994||13 Oct 1998||Ad Response Micromarketing Corporation||Focused coupon system|
|US5832457||3 Apr 1995||3 Nov 1998||Catalina Marketing International, Inc.||Method and apparatus for selective distribution of discount coupons based on prior customer behavior|
|US5845259||27 Jun 1996||1 Dec 1998||Electronic Consumer Concepts, L.L.C.||Electronic coupon dispensing system|
|US5857175||11 Aug 1995||5 Jan 1999||Micro Enhancement International||System and method for offering targeted discounts to customers|
|US5890718||27 Feb 1998||6 Apr 1999||Byon; Ok-Sun||Self-service gasoline pump system with game function|
|US5946665||16 Jul 1996||31 Aug 1999||Fujitsu Limited||On line shopping system using a communication system|
|US5974399 *||29 Aug 1997||26 Oct 1999||Catalina Marketing International, Inc.||Method and apparatus for generating purchase incentives based on price differentials|
|US6014634||4 Aug 1997||11 Jan 2000||Supermarkets Online, Inc.||System and method for providing shopping aids and incentives to customers through a computer network|
|US6024288||24 Dec 1997||15 Feb 2000||Graphic Technology, Inc.||Promotion system including an ic-card memory for obtaining and tracking a plurality of transactions|
|US6064987||7 Oct 1997||16 May 2000||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for providing and processing installment plans at a terminal|
|US6070147||2 Jul 1996||30 May 2000||Tecmark Services, Inc.||Customer identification and marketing analysis systems|
|US6080062||27 Jun 1996||27 Jun 2000||Olson; Carl M.||Lotto gaming apparatus and method|
|US6085164||4 Mar 1997||4 Jul 2000||Sabre Inc.||Apparatus and method of allocating flight inventory resources based on the current market value|
|US6088682||15 Apr 1997||11 Jul 2000||Every Penny Counts, Inc.||Funds distribution system connected with point of sale transactions|
|US6112191||27 Apr 1995||29 Aug 2000||Every Penny Counts, Inc.||Method and system to create and distribute excess funds from consumer spending transactions|
|US6138105||27 May 1998||24 Oct 2000||Walker Digital, Llc||System and method for dynamic assembly of packages in retail environments|
|US6223163||20 Mar 1998||24 Apr 2001||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for controlling offers that are provided at a point-of-sale terminal|
|US6267670||21 Mar 1997||31 Jul 2001||Walker Digital, Llc||System and method for performing lottery ticket transactions utilizing point-of-sale terminals|
|US6292786||11 Aug 1999||18 Sep 2001||Incentech, Inc.||Method and system for generating incentives based on substantially real-time product purchase information|
|US6298329||12 May 1998||2 Oct 2001||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for generating a coupon|
|US6298331||22 May 1998||2 Oct 2001||Walker Digital, Llc||Method and apparatus for selling an aging food product|
|US6307958||18 Jul 1997||23 Oct 2001||Catalina Marketing International, Inc.||Method and system for building a database for use with selective incentive marketing in response to customer shopping histories|
|US6321210||12 Sep 2000||20 Nov 2001||Catalina Marketing International, Inc.||Method and apparatus for selective distribution of discount coupons|
|US6582304||16 Apr 2001||24 Jun 2003||Walker Digital, Llc||System and method for performing lottery ticket transactions utilizing point-of-sale terminals|
|USRE34915 *||20 Nov 1991||25 Apr 1995||Coupco, Inc.||Paperless system for distributing, redeeming and clearing merchandise coupons|
|EP0085546A2||27 Jan 1983||10 Aug 1983||The Coca-Cola Company||Vending machine|
|EP0109189A1||13 Oct 1983||23 May 1984||ByVideo, Inc.||Video display system for marketing items|
|EP0512413A2 *||30 Apr 1992||11 Nov 1992||R.R. DONNELLEY & SONS COMPANY||Method of identifying users of coupons|
|JPH02289000A||Title not available|
|JPH05242363A *||Title not available|
|JPS6025149A||Title not available|
|WO1996036926A1||20 May 1996||21 Nov 1996||Simon Paul Mcdonald||Multilevel marketing systems|
|WO1997028510A1||3 Feb 1997||7 Aug 1997||Imaging Technologies Pty Ltd||Improved electronic ordering device and electronic retailing and vending systems|
|WO1997035441A2 *||6 Mar 1997||25 Sep 1997||Michael W Walden||Incentive based information generation system|
|WO1997046961A1 *||30 May 1997||11 Dec 1997||Provident Bancorp Inc||Point of sale purchasing value accumulation system|
|WO1997050064A1 *||25 Jun 1997||31 Dec 1997||Electronic Consumer Concepts I||Electronic coupon dispensing system|
|1||*||"About IAO", Interactive Auction Online, (http:/www/iaoaction.comabout.htm), download date Sep. 8, 1997.|
|2||*||"Advanced Mechanics Internet Specials", Internet Mechanics, (http://www.metroplex web.com/advcpn2.htm), download date: May 12, 1998.|
|3||*||"AVCO Financial Services", National Home Furnishing Association, (http://www.homefurnish.com/NHFA/avco.htm). download date: May 23, 1997.|
|4||"Bigger Plans (Provident Bank, issuer of MeritValue customer loyalty card, plans to offer program in 25 cities in six months)", Card Fax, Oct. 7, 1996, vol. 96, No. 178, p. 2.|
|5||*||"Cape Town", Reuters, Nov. 8, 1979.|
|6||*||"Classifieds 2000: The Internet Classifieds", Classified2000, Inc. (http://www.classifieds2000.com/cgi-cls/Display.exec?C2K+aboutus). download date: Aug. 6, 1997.|
|7||*||"Coupons get serious; Supermarkets use barcodes to prevent misredemptions", Chain Store Age Executive with Shopping Center Age, Oct. 1992, vol. 68, No. 10, p. 68.|
|8||*||"Cyber Bid", Net Fund Ltd., Copyright 1996, Brochure.|
|9||"Dispensing the Future", Electronic Payments International, May 1997, Section: Feature, p. 12.|
|10||"Examiner's Affidavit", Affidavit of USPTO Examiner James W. Myhre, Feb. 22, 2001.|
|11||*||"For the Crew and the Customer, the Best Drive-Thru & Grill Service", Olivetti North America.|
|12||*||"From Our Family to Yours . . . ", 5 weeks of Coupon Values for a Valuable Customer, Wakefern Food Corporation, Corporate Mechandising, 1998.|
|13||"From Our Family to Yours . . . 5 Weeks of Coupon Values for a Valuable Customer!", Wakefern Food Corporation, 1998.|
|14||*||"General Trading Floor Information and Terms Provided by tradingfloor.com", (http://www.tradingfloor.com/info.htm), download date: Aug. 14, 1997.|
|15||*||"Introducing the Digital MenuBoard", Siren Technologies Inc.|
|16||*||"It'in the Bag-Introducing the Universal Holding Cabinet from Welbilt", Frymaster Holding Bin.|
|17||*||"Let's Play the Cash Register Receipts Lottery", The New York Times, Section 1, p. 30, Column 4, Editorial Desk, Dec. 25, 1990.|
|18||*||"Lynx Technology: Lynx to provide business leasing programme through Schroeder Leasing", M2 Presswire, Aug. 9, 1996.|
|19||*||"Nasdaq-Information Sheet", (http:home.axfrod.com/corfin/corf11.htm), download date: Aug. 15, 1997.|
|20||*||"NCR 7453 PC-Based Point-of-Sale Solution", NCR Corporation, Winter 1998.|
|21||*||"New Wave Marketing", Times, Promotion, as SCA Quarterly Newsletter-First Quarter-Apr. 1998.|
|22||*||"Philips offers customers financing through Citicorp; Philips Medical Systems North America, Citicorp North America Inc.", Health Industry Today, vol. 54, No. 6, p. 4, Jun. 1991.|
|23||*||"POS Spectrum: A Lottery Looks to POS for Growth", POS News, Jan. 1989 at p. 8.|
|24||*||"Progressive Introduces Kitchen Displays System (KDS) For Restaurants", PR Newswire, Section: Financial News, Jan. 23, 1998.|
|25||*||"Save the Mark" Financial Times (London), Section 1; Men & Matter: p. 12. Feb. 1, 1983.|
|26||*||"Spain: BBV Launches New Card", Cards International, Jun. 22, 1995, p. 5.|
|27||*||"The United Computer Exchange, How It All Works", The United Computer Exchange Corporation, (http://www.uce.com/howitworks.htm)_, download date: Jul. 23, 1997.|
|28||*||"Welcome to Onsale", Auction Supersite: On Sale, (htt;://www.iaoaction.com/aboout.htm) download date Sep. 8, 1997.|
|29||"Winn-Dixie/The Salvation Army Report Contributions For War Against Hunger", PR Newswire, Jun. 10, 1993, Section: Financial News.|
|30||*||Andreoli et al., "Cash Machines Offers a Whole Lotto Money for Withdrawl . . . ," Crain's Chicago Business, Jun. 19, 1995, Section: News, p. 8.|
|31||*||Blair, Adam, "JICC Coupon Guide Reccommends Upgrades at Front End", Supermarket News, Section:p. 23, Feb. 9, 1998.|
|32||*||Bonnici et al., "Consumer issues in coupon usage: An exploratory analysis", Journal of Applied Business Research, Section: vol. 13, No. 1, p. 31-40, Winter 1996/1997.|
|33||Brochure: "NCR 7453 PC-Based Point of Sale Solution", NCR Corporation, Copyright 1998.|
|34||Brochure: "Reaching Out in New Directions", First Data Corporation, Merchant Services, undated.|
|35||*||Cook, Louise, "ConsumerWatch: Clip, Snip, Save", The Associated Press, Business News, Mar. 12, 1984.|
|36||*||Del Fosso, Laura, "Marketel Says It Plans to Launch Air Fare 'auction ' in Jun.", Travel Weekly, vol. 50, No. 34, p. 1, Apr. 29, 1991.|
|37||*||Del Rosso, Laura, "Ticket-bidding Firm Closes Its Doors; Marketel International Brief Article", Travel Weekly, Mar. 12, 1992, vol. 51, No. 21, p. 1.|
|38||Fickenscher, Lisa, "Amex to Start Free Rewards Program with Discounts on Merchandise", The American Banker, Oct. 18, 1996, Section: Credit/Debit/ATMs, p. 10.|
|39||Fickenscher, Lisa, "Merchant: American Express Seeks to Mine Its Data on Cardholder Spending Patterns", The American Banker, Mar. 24, 1997, Section: Credit/Debit/ATMs, p. 20.|
|40||*||Fiorini, Philip, "No place for Penny ?' / Smallest coin doesn't make cents to some", USA Today, Section: News, Jul. 29, 1994, p. 1A.|
|41||Fitzgerald, Kate, "Amex Program Moves Loyalty to Next Level: Custom Extras Finds a Medium Customers Can't Ignore: Billing Statements", Advertising Age, Nov. 4, 1996, Section: News, p. 2.|
|42||*||Fogarty, Rich, "The Value of Service", Positive Input. The McDonald's POS-3 System Newsletter from Olivetti Solutions/OLSY, Spring/Summer 1998.|
|43||*||Gapper, John, "NatWest Reports Rise in Bad Debt", Financial Times, Jul. 31, 1996, London Edition, 3, Section: News: UK, p. 09.|
|44||*||H & K Dallas Inc., McDonald's Universal Holding Cabinet Rollout Program, Winter 1998.|
|45||Hadley, Kimberly, "Pastors praying anti-arson effort will burn bias", The Nashville Banner, Jul. 26, 1996, Section: News at p. A13.|
|46||*||Hamstra, Mark, "Made-for-you'maneuvers signal competitive shift in ASRR category", Nation's Restaurant News, Segment Study, Quick Serve, Apr. 13, 1998.|
|47||Herman, Ken, "Auchan cashes in on lottery", The Houston Post, Jul. 1, 1992.|
|48||Hoeschen, Brad, "Brookfield Square hopes mall card strikes a chord", Business Journal-Milwaukee, Sep. 12, 1997, Section: vol. 14, No. 50, p. 19.|
|49||Industry Briefs, Card News, Jun. 9, 1997, Section: vol. 12, No. 11.|
|50||*||Jan Greene, "Farm Bills Please Assns.; National Grocers Association", Supermarket News, Dec. 23, 1985 at p. 6.|
|51||Jones, Jeanne, "Data Readers Streamline Management; Scanner Technology Aids Retailers As Well As Plants, Wholesalers", The Houston Post, Jun. 26, 1994, Section: Business, p. D1.|
|52||*||Kelsy, John: Schneider, Bruce, "Conditional Purchase Orders", Fourth ACM Conference on Computer Communication Security, Apr. 1997, ACM Press, pp. 117-124.|
|53||*||Kelsy, John; Schneider, Bruce, "Conditional Purchase Orders", Fourth ACM Conference on Computer Communication Security, Apr. 1997, ACM Press, pp. 117-124.|
|54||*||Kirk, Jim, "Digital Promotions Make Quick Point-McDonald's Testing New Technology on its Menus", Chicago Tribune, Dec. 26, 1997, pp. 1-2.|
|55||Knippenberg, Jim, "Psst!Will local radio empires strike back?", The Cincinnati Enquirer, Jul. 23, 1995, Section: Tempo, p. F01.|
|56||*||Kuttner, Robert, "Computers May Turn The World Into One Big Commodites, Pit", Business Week, Section: Economic Viewpoint, No. 3123, p. 17, Sep. 11, 1989.|
|57||*||Livingston, Kimball, "In-Store Systems-VideOcard Redux", RT Magazine, Mar. 1998, pp. 29-30.|
|58||Mckeveny, Alexander, "Giving them a good reason.", Bank Marketing, March 1997, vol. 29, Issue 3, p37, 4p, 4c, ISSN:0888-3149.|
|59||McKinney, Jeff, "Merchant program could pay off for Provident", The Cincinnati Enquirer, Mar. 24, 1996, Section: Financial, p. E02.|
|60||*||Nairn, Geoff, "The key to your identity: Falling costs will allow fingerprint verification to be widely used", Financial Times (London). Jul. 15, 1997. Section: Technology, p. 12.|
|61||*||Pelline, Jeff, "Travelers Bidding On Airline Tickets SF Firm Offers Chance for Cut-rate Fares", The San Francisco Chronicle, p. A4, Aug. 19, 1991.|
|62||*||Prochaska-Cue, Kathy, "Acquiring Credit", (http://ianrwww.unledu/IAN/PUBS/NEBFACTSSS/NF91-2HTM), download date Sep. 3, 1997.|
|63||Quittner, Jeremy, "Ohio's Provident brings its discount card to Fla.", American Banker, Feb. 11, 1997, vol. 162, Issue 28, p. 11, 1/3p., ISSN: 0002-7561.|
|64||Raab, David M., "Package Aids Catalog Management", DM News, Apr. 22, 1996, Section: Software Review, p. 14.|
|65||*||Rahayem, Gilbert, "Opinion: X-Press Betting", LaFleur's Lottery World, Feb. 7, 1997, p. 4.|
|66||Riordan, Teresa, "Patents; A novel approach to making a better spermicide harks back to some old-fashioned methods", The New York Times, Jun. 9, 1997, Section D, p. 2, Column 1, Business/Financial Desk.|
|67||*||Schrage, Michael "An Experiment in Economic Theory; Labs Testing Real Markets", The Record, Section: Business, p. B01, Nov. 26, 1989.|
|68||Silverman, Gene, "Planning and using infomercial campaigns effectively", Direct Marketing, Sep. 1995, vol. 58, No. 5, p. 32(3).|
|69||*||Singletary, Michelle, "Electronic World, Unchecked Problem? U.S. Move to Paperless Payments Raises Worries About Those Who Don't Use Banks", The Washington Post, Mar. 4, 1997, Final Edition, Financial Section, p. C01.|
|70||*||Smith, Alison, "Survey of UK Consumer Credit and Asset Finance", Financial Times, Nov. 3, 1994, p. VI.|
|71||Symons, Allene, "Lucky, Sav-on debut Rewards Card.", Drug Store News, Feb. 17, 1997, vol. 19, Issue 4, p3, 2p, 1c, ISSN:0191-7587.|
|72||*||Taylor, Paul, "Towards A Dream Market", Financial Times, (London), Sep. 4, 1996, p. 03.|
|73||*||U.P.C. Coupon Code Guidelines Manual, Uniform Code Council, Inc. (http://www.uc-council.org/d31-3.htm), download date: Mar. 12, 1998.|
|74||Website, "Catalina Marketing Corporation", (http //catalinamktg com/prodcdir htm), download date: May 29, 1997.|
|75||Website: "NCR 7452 Workstation-Beyond Traditional POS", (http //www ncr com/product/retail/products/catalog/7452 shtm), download date: Sep. 23, 1997.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7653599||14 Feb 2003||26 Jan 2010||Coinstar, Inc.||Methods and systems for exchanging and/or transferring various forms of value|
|US7865432||14 Feb 2003||4 Jan 2011||Coinstar, Inc.||Methods and systems for exchanging and/or transferring various forms of value|
|US8751299 *||31 Jan 2008||10 Jun 2014||Bouygues Telecom||Methods and systems for managing coupons|
|US9064268||1 Nov 2011||23 Jun 2015||Outerwall Inc.||Gift card exchange kiosks and associated methods of use|
|U.S. Classification||705/14.25, 705/14.35, 705/14.36|
|International Classification||G06Q20/00, G07G1/00, G07F17/32, G07G1/12, G07C15/00, G07G5/00, G07G1/14, G07F9/02, G07F5/24|
|Cooperative Classification||G07G5/00, G06Q30/0236, G06Q30/02, G06Q30/06, G06Q30/0207, G06Q30/0601, G07F17/3248, G06Q30/0238, G06Q20/12, G06Q20/00, G07F5/24, G07F17/32, G06Q10/087, G07G1/12, G07F17/3255, G07C15/005, G07G1/0036, G07F9/02, G06Q20/387|
|European Classification||G07F17/32, G06Q30/06, G06Q20/12, G06Q30/02, G07F17/32K4, G07F17/32K10, G06Q10/087, G06Q20/387, G06Q30/0207, G06Q30/0601, G06Q30/0236, G06Q30/0238, G07G1/00C, G06Q20/00, G07F5/24, G07F9/02, G07C15/00D, G07G1/12, G07G5/00|
|31 Dec 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|14 Mar 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|8 Aug 2014||AS||Assignment|
Effective date: 20090810
Owner name: IGT, NEVADA
Free format text: LICENSE;ASSIGNORS:WALKER DIGITAL GAMING, LLC;WALKER DIGITAL GAMING HOLDING, LLC;WDG EQUITY, LLC;ANDOTHERS;REEL/FRAME:033501/0023
|28 Oct 2014||AS||Assignment|
Effective date: 20131101
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WALKER DIGITAL, LLC;REEL/FRAME:034052/0461
Owner name: INVENTOR HOLDINGS, LLC, CONNECTICUT
Effective date: 19991124
Owner name: INVENTOR HOLDINGS, LLC, CONNECTICUT
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WALKER DIGITAL CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:034052/0818
Effective date: 19980512
Owner name: WALKER ASSET MANAGEMENT LIMITED PARTNERSHIP, CONNE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:WALKER, JAY S.;VAN LUCHENE, ANDREW S.;ALDERUCCI, DEAN;REEL/FRAME:034052/0747
|30 Oct 2014||AS||Assignment|
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:WALKER DIGITAL CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:034072/0632
Effective date: 19991124
Owner name: WALKER DIGITAL, LLC, CONNECTICUT