US 874810 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED DEC. 24, 190'7.
. H. WAPPL'ER.
cYsToscoPE. APPLIOATION FILED MAE, 25,1907.
ESEEE- agr/f REINHOLD H. WAPKPLER, OF NEW YQRK, N. Y.
Specification of Letters Patent.
, Patented Dec. 24, 19o?.
Application filed March 25. 1907. Serial No. 364.806.
To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, REINHOLD H. WAP- rLEn, a citizen of the United States, residing in the borough of Manhattan, city, county, and State of New York, have invented an Improvement in (igstoscopes, of which `the following is a speci cation.
lHeretofore, cystoscopes or instruments employed in the`r diagnosis and treatment of l amA aware, to pass the cy'stoscope into and through the urethra in an inverted position and to then turn the same around in order to have it in the position for use, and this in and of itself, is a very painful procedure; morebver, there has been a certain element of danger in the use of these instruments as hereinbefore constructed, because of the liability of thev Vparts thereof injuring the walls of the yorgan into which the instrument has been inf serted. x
New the object of my present invention is to obviate the hereinbefore named difiiculties, and in carrying outJ the same, I employ a sheath, a telescopic tube, means for conducting and guiding a catheter, and a rev'olubly operated means for directing the paths of the ends of the vcatheters,-as will be hereinafter.
plarticularly described. in t e drawing, Figure 1 is an elevation of y 'my improved cystoscope showing theparts 'of the same.
assemb ed and broken away. Fi 2 is a cross section on line zu, Fig. 1. lgigy is a cross section Online y, y, Fig. 1. Fig. 4 isan elevation ofthe telescopic tube forming part 'of the c stosco e. Fig. 5 is an inverted lan y FJ'g 6 is a partial inverted p an,
- showing the guide barl turned to the posi- -tion in-which the end of the catheter is directed from a straight line ath, and Fig. 7 is a cross section on line z, 2, ig. 1, showing the- 'guidebar turned out of its right line position.
'-Refen'in to the drawing, a represents a gral therewith and set 'atan angle to the body which is provided with an eye-piece 14,` adscrew 11, which is turned down thereon and portion of the sheath a. The end portion b 1s preferably provided with cut-away parts 12 on the opposite sides thereof and with a removable ca b ada ted to contain an electric li ht bul 13 to e receivedl within the end o the off-set end portion b. The'end of the sheath a, adjacent to the 'offset portion b and in line with the under cut-awa pa'rt 12 of the end b, is alsoprovided wit -acutaway part a and on the'other end' of the sheath a is a head 10 provided with' a clamp or set screw 11. v
c represents a telescopic tube, one end bf jacent to which isa stop 15, secured on whichis a clamp member 16.4V At one end of the telesco ic tube is a liens 17'and at 'the other end a ens 18and as will be understood, intermediate lenses may be emplo edlif so desired. The telescopic tube cis a apted to be passed into thesheath'member a, and the stop 15 to abut against the head 10, `the clamp member 16 passing under the set by which means the telescopic tube member ma be maintained in the proper position Wit 'n the sheath c.
0n one side of the telesco ic-tube andrunning parallel therewith an parallel to each other, I prefer to employ?y a pair of'tubes d," e,
the inner ends of which terminate at a' oint appreciably distant from the place w erein the, lens 17is set,these 'tubes' passing through the said head /10/and-having their opposite ends passed laround the telescopic tube'c and terminating on the o posite slde thereof. These tubes d, e, are a apted toreceive and guide the vcatheters d, e', which are passed into the tubes from the outer-ends thereof. A i
Between the tubes d;eandon the under side thereof, I employ a rod f,journ'aledfin suitable bearin s 19 secured tothe-said tubes d,/,. One en of this rod f adjacent to the inner ends of the tubes d, e, is flattened as at f and carries a guide bar gwhich is pivotally `connected thereto by means fthe-pin'f20 or d, e, willassume a' p/ositifgilvith their-'ende sgg.
with a head member 21, secure towhich is a handle 22, and the head member 21 is prefer? ably journaled in a bearing 23 secured to the telescopic tube c between vthe stop 15 and the eye-piece 14. y Y
Now in the use of the hereinbefore described instrument, the sheath member a, is assed intoand through the urethra to the bladder of the patient and as hereinbcfore stated, the instrument is inserted in the position in which it is necessary to use the same; thereupon the telesco ic tube c is passed to place within the sheat a, the catheters having previouslyr been placed into the tubes d, e, to approximately the positions shown in Figs. 4 and 5; thereupon the handle 22 may be turned to turn the ro'd f and thereby cause vthe'guide bar g to move and determine the `direction of the path of the end of either catheter d', e,"the side to which the handle .v 22 is turned, depending upon which catheter is to be directed. By this it will be'apparent that the cathetersmay be directed to and passed into the ureter canals and ifuecessary passed ri ht u to the pelvesof the kidneys. f g p As 'hereinbeforestated, the longitudinal groovesl or recesses in the opposite sides of the guide bar gare made to conform to the curvatureof the catheters d', e and furthermore it is to'be noted that the longitudinal edges of the guide bar g, both above and below the grooves therein, are rounded. No`w in turning the rod f, the flattened end of the same wil be turned in thel same direction, likewise turning the guide bar g. The guide bar g may thus be turned in the arc of a circle, and being pivotally connected to the end of the rod f at 20, may also turn about'this point. lt will now be apparent that if the rod f be turned from its normal position after the catheters have vbeen placed as shown in Fi s. 4 and 5, assuming the direction of rotatlon to be clockwise, the lguide bar g will be turned with the rod f and contacting with the'catheter e will also swing on its plvotal point 20 to a position shown in Fig. 6 or that 1n Fig. 7, which latter is extreme, thereby correspondingly delecting the end of the said catheter, the amount of the deiiection dependin of course upon the angle throu h which t e rod f is turned, and because of t e rounded longitudinal edges of the Iguide bar gg, the same will automatically return to its normal position, by one edge contacting with and slidlng over the surface of the telescopic tube, when the rod f is returned to its initial osition. The other catheter d may be deected and directed by turning the rod f counter clockwise.
It will be seen that from the construction of the herein described instrument, the ends of the catheters having been passed through the ureter canals into the kidneys, may e left there in position by withdrawing the in strument, so that the diagnosis may be certain in determininor whether one or both as heretofore described, may be utilized to treat the diseased organ by forcing suitable specifics therethrough to the said organ.
I claim as my invention:
1. In a cystoscope, the combination with a telescopic tube, of means for conveying a the path of the forward end of the catheter, and means revolubl adjustable for actuating the last aforesai means.
telescopic tube, of means running parallel with and secured to the said telescopic tube for conveyin a catheter, a rod revolubly mounted on t e aforesaid means', and means operative upon turning said rod for engaging and directing the path of the catheter.
' 3. ln a cystoscope, the combination with a telescopic tube, of a air of tubes parallel with each other and with the said telescopic tube and connected to 'the same and through each of which a catheter is passed, a rod journaled between thesaidiair of tubes, a 'de bar pivotally connecte to the said ro 7 and means for revolubly adjusting the .posltion of said rod to cause the said guide bar to eneit er of the said pair of tubes.
4. In a cystos'co e, the combination with a telescopic tube, oil a air of tubes arallel with each other and with they said te escopic tube and connected to the-same and through each of which a catheter is passed, a rod journaled between the said pair oftubes, a guide bar at the inner ends of said pair of tubes, means for ivotally connecting the said guide bar to t e end of the said rod to cause the said guide bar to enga e and direct the path, of the catheter in eit er of the said air of tubes.
by side and parallelwith the sai telescopic tube and through each of which a catheter tu es passing around the telescopic tube t0 tween said, pair of tubes, a guide bar at the inner ends of said pair of tubes, means for rod to cause the said guide bar to engage and direct the path of a /catheter in either of the said air of tubes.
6. In a cystoscope, the com ination with a telescopic tube, of a'pair of tubes laced side by side and connected to the sai telescopic tube so as to run arallel therewith and through each of whic a catheter is passed, a
l rod, bearings for the same secured between kidneys are diseased, and the catheter tubes 5. a cystoscope, the combination with a` telescopic tube, of a pair of tubes laced sidev catheter, means for engaging and directing 2. In a cystoscope, the combination with a gaie and direct the path `of the catheter in is assed, the-outer ends of the said pair ofA the opposite side thereof, a rodjournaled bel pivotally connectin the said guide bar to i the end of the sai the said air of tubes, a uide bar ivotally connecte to one end of t e said ro anda jacent to the inner ends of the said pair ofl said head and rod may be rotate to actuate the said guide bar.
7. A cystoscope comdprising a sheath, having an outturned en member which togtether with the adjacent portion of the s eath, are provided with cut-away parts, a telescopic tube adapted to be passed into and fit within the said sheath, of a pair of tubes placed side by side and connected to the said telescopic tube so as to run parallel therewith and throu h each of which a catheter is passed, a ro bearings for the same secured between the said pair of tubes, a guide bar pivotally connected to one end of the said rod and adjacent tothe inner ends of the said pair of tubes, a head connected to the op osite end of the said rod, a bearing connecte to the said telescopic tube and in which the said head is journaled and a handle by which the said head and rod may be rotated to actuate the said guide bar.
8. In a cystoscope, the combination with a telescopic tube, of inde endent means for supporting a pair of cat eters in a'parallel relation, a revoluble member interposed between the said means and a device for-turning said member to engage either catheter to direct its path-as desiredand deect the respective catheter paths.
9. In a cystoscope, the combination with a telescopic tube, of a pair of parallel tubes for supporting a pair of catheters in a parallel relation, a revoluble member interposed between the said means and a device for turning said member to enga e either catheter to direct its'path as desire and deflect the res'pective catheter aths.
- Signed by me this 13th day of March, 1907.
REINHOLD H. WAPPLER.
GEO. T. PINCKNEY,
A. H. SERRELL.