|Publication number||US7901331 B1|
|Application number||US 12/631,422|
|Publication date||8 Mar 2011|
|Filing date||4 Dec 2009|
|Priority date||4 Dec 2009|
|Publication number||12631422, 631422, US 7901331 B1, US 7901331B1, US-B1-7901331, US7901331 B1, US7901331B1|
|Inventors||Henry William Stoll|
|Original Assignee||Henry William Stoll|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (37), Referenced by (5), Classifications (25), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/540,188 filed on Jan. 28, 2004, which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety and U.S. application Ser. No. 11/046,012 filed on Jan. 27, 2005, which is also hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.
The embodiments of the invention described herein are generally directed to an exercise device.
Many known exercise machines are costly devices intended for use in gyms or other dedicated workout facilities. Because of their typically large size and weight, such devices are not generally portable and are not readily usable in areas such as a home living room or company office. Indeed such exercise machines are also typically dedicated to one kind of exercise motion. For example, an exercise bicycle involves circular rotation of foot pedals that are moved by the user's feet and legs. Alternatively, a treadmill involves a moving surface on which the user walks. Individuals burn calories by moving and it is not necessary to work up a sweat to burn calories.
Many known exercise devices are known that incorporate mechanical linkages. For example, a discussion of four bar linkages is found on the University of Notre Dame website, www.nd.edu, in AME 339 Kinematics and Dynamics of Machinery, Grashoffs Criterion. Also several prior art exercise devices using linkages are disclosed in the following U.S. patents: U.S. Pat. No. 4,824,10; U.S. Pat. No. 5,352,169; U.S. Pat. No. 5,836,854; U.S. Pat. No. 5,846,166; U.S. Pat. No. 5,865,712; U.S. Pat. No. 5,921,894; U.S. Pat. No. 6,454,682; and U.S. Pat. No. 6,468,184.
Many known exercise machines are relatively bulky and take up a lot of floor space. Such machines are often found at health clubs and gyms. Unfortunately, individuals are oftentimes too busy to go to a gym or a health club to exercise. As such, exercise devices have been developed that allow a user to exercise while working at a desk or sitting at home viewing TV. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 6,709,368 discloses a foot pedal exercise device that is amenable to being used while watching TV and can also be used at the office under the desk. Unfortunately, the exercise device disclosed in the '368 patent is a single function device. Users are known to become bored doing the same exercise all of the time. Moreover, multiple exercise devices are cumbersome and costly. Thus, there is a need for a multiple function exercise device that is amenable to be used in non-exercise environments, such as, at the office under a desk as well as at home while watching TV.
Therefore, it would be desirable to provide a relatively low cost, lightweight, portable, easy to use, quiet, and reliable exercise device for use in non-exercise environments, such as an office or home living room. The device should be configured so that the user can easily alternate the types of movement involved in order to exercise different muscle groups and to vary the exercise session so that it does not become overly tiring or boring. Optionally, an adjustable resistance device may be provided so that the user can match exercise effort with his or her personal exercise preferences and goals.
The exercise device should be configured as a small, reconfigurable lightweight multi-bar linkage that allows the position of various links to be rigidly fixed and other links to be rigidly connected to each other to selectively enable various modes of operation (i.e. exercise motions). These exercise motions may include: an “elliptical” motion, a “slider” motion, a “stepping” motion, and a “bicycle” motion to name a few. The “elliptical” motion is further divided into two options. The first “elliptical” option is provided when the user is standing above the exercise device where a “stepping elliptical” motion is achieved. The second “elliptical” motion is provided when the user is sitting. Depending on the size of the exercise device, the inertial resistance of the multi-bar linkage may be sufficient to provide a desired level of resistance to the exercise motion. If desired, the output shaft of the five-bar linkage may be connected to an inertial load such as a flywheel to provide additional resistance to the exercise motion.
Alternatively, the output shaft may be connected to an adjustable resistance device. Although it is possible to use a variety of different resistance devices, the once acceptable resistance device is a planetary gear train assembly that could be mounted in a frame and having a first input, a second input and an output, a mechanism for setting the second input to zero by fixing the second input to the frame, a mechanism for setting the output to zero by appropriate selection of the parameters of the output, so that when the output is loaded with an adjustable force or torque, the power or motion applied to the first input produces no output and is dissipated as frictional energy thereby providing resistance to the power or motion applied to the first input. This device is desired because of its small size, lightweight, ease of adjustability, reliability, quietness, and low cost. The user provides input motion to the device. The users legs and feet can provide the input motion. When operated by the user's legs and feet, the desired exerciser is positioned relative to a chair or couch in which the user sits and it is held and/or mounted so that it does not move under the action of the exercise forces. Alternatively, the exerciser may be placed on a table or other surface and operated by the user's hands and arms.
In the embodiments and methods described, a device is employed having a first multi-bar linkage in mechanical communication with a frame. At least one mechanical input component is in mechanical communication with the multi-bar linkage. The multi-bar linkage is selectively adaptable to provide at least three different motions for the mechanical input component.
The features and inventive aspects of the present invention will become more apparent upon reading the following detailed description, claims, and drawings, of which the following is a brief description:
Referring now to the drawings, illustrative embodiments are shown in detail. Although the drawings represent the embodiments, the drawings are not necessarily to scale and certain features may be exaggerated to better illustrate and explain an innovative aspect of an embodiment. Further, the embodiments described herein are not intended to be exhaustive or otherwise limit or restrict the invention to the precise form and configuration shown in the drawings and disclosed in the following detailed description.
Referring now to
The exercise device 20 includes foot pedals 22 at a first end 24 of the exercise device 20 adapted to produce multiple motions as discussed further below. A second set of removable pedals 26 are disposed at a second end 28 of the exercise device 20 are adapted for a rotational or “bicycle” motion. A frame 30 provides a rigid structure for the linkage mechanism and includes an incline feature whereby the user may adjust the height of the second end 28 by adjusting legs 32 to a desired angle. However, any height adjustment mechanism may be used. Legs 32 are secured to the frame 30 by a pivot joint 34 and fixed at a desired angle by pin 36 placed through any desired adjustment location 38. A resistance mechanism 40 is disposed between the pedals 26 for selectively adjusting the resistance of the desired motion. The resistance mechanism 40 is selectively adjusted by rotational knob 42. Any mechanical, electrical, or the like resistance mechanism is may be used.
A flywheel (not shown) may also be used in combination with the resistance mechanism 40 or as the resistance mechanism 40. In addition to providing resistance, the flywheel assists in smoothing the motion by providing momentum to the linkage (discussed further below) when it passes through dead points. Dead points occur when various links in the linkage line up in straight lines causing the lever arm of the force applied to the linkage by the user to become zero. Hence, no torque is transmitted to make the linkage turn, no matter how much force the user applies. If the resistance mechanism 40 such as a planetary gear device is used, the dead points becomes more pronounced because torque is now needed to overcome the resistance, but the user is unable to apply this torque when the links are in the dead point positions. As a result, the linkage is liable to stall or slow down appreciably as it passes through the dead points. The flywheel eliminates the dead points by supplying the torque needed to carry the linkage through the dead point.
The multi-bar mechanism includes a linkage on both sides of the frame 30.
A first end of link 50 is in mechanical communication with output shaft 46 at pivot 44. A second end of link 50 is in mechanical communication with a first end of link 52 by a pivot joint 54. Pivot joint 54 allows link 50 to rotate with respect to link 52 about the pivot axis of pivot joint 54. In like manner, a second end of link 52 is in mechanical communication with a first end of link 56 by a pivot joint 58, which allows link 52 to rotate with respect to link 56. In like manner, a second end of link 56 is in mechanical communication with slider 60 by pivot joint 62, which allows link 56 to rotate with respect to slider 60. A portion of joint 62 is located within slider 60 that is mounted to the frame 30 so that it is free to slide in a straight line along the slider 60 longitudinal length axis A-A, but cannot rotate or move in any other direction relative to frame 30.
By virtue of connections 62, 58, 54, and 44, frame 30, link 50, link 52, link 56, and slider 60 form a multi-bar linkage having two-degrees of freedom, that is, a linkage requiring two input motions to produce a constrained and predictable output motion. As shown in
A “five-bar” linkage is described to produce different exercise motions. As discussed, the five-bar linkage has two degrees of freedom and therefore, the linkage motion is unconstrained, i.e., the motion is unpredictable. To make the motion predictable, we remove one of the freedoms by fixing various links relative to adjacent links to prevent relative motion between the links. Hence, the five-bar linkage is reduced to a four-bar linkage which has predictable motion because it has one degree of freedom. Different exercise motions are produced depending on which and how links are fixed. This is one of the novel features of the exercise device 20; different motions are obtained by creating different four-bar linkage combinations out of the starting unconstrained five-bar linkage.
The exercise device 20 linkages are provided by connecting links together using different types of “pairs.” These include turning (revolute) pairs (a hinge is a turning pair as is a pivot), prismatic pairs (e.g. piston sliding in a cylinder), sliding pairs, spherical pairs (ball and socket joint), to name a few. The particular five-bar linkage of the exercise device 20 illustrated in
Other exercise devices obtain different exercise motions by varying the geometry of the linkage, not by changing freedoms from the linkage. None of other exercise devices employ the concept of a linkage that provides multiple particular motions.
As stated previously, the multi-bar linkage comprised of links 50, 52, 56, and slider 60 has two degrees of freedom, that is, each linkage requires two input motions to produce a constrained and predictable output motion. By fixing one or more of the links in specific ways, one of the degrees of freedom is removed from the multi-bar linkage and only the input motion produced by the user pushing with his or her feet on foot pedals 22 is required to produce constrained and predictable rotary output motion of the output shaft 46. Different motions of the foot pedals 22 or pedals 26 (when attached) are achieved depending on how the links are fixed.
The exercise device 20 is configured as a small, reconfigurable lightweight multi-bar linkage that allows the position of various links to be in mechanical communication with other links to selectively enable various modes of operation (i.e. exercise motions). These exercise motions include: an “elliptical” motion, a “slider” motion, a “stepping” motion, and a “bicycle” motion to name a few.
Accordingly, as shown in
Referring now to
Further, other motions such as the “elliptical” motion can be achieved by bringing down the foot pedals 22 so that they rest on link 56 and unlocking pin 58 so that the joint between link 52 and line 56 may rotates freely. The user sitting at first end 24 will be provided with a minor “elliptical” motion. Bringing the foot pedals 22 to a ninety-degree angle with link 56 and sitting at second end 28, the user will be provided with a larger “elliptical” motion for exercise. Additionally, by increasing the number of adjustments as well as choosing the proper link lengths, other input motions can be achieved. By rotating the exercise device 20 so that the chair is near the second end 28 and the pedals 26 are attached so that the input motion duplicates the “circular” pedal motion used in an exercise bicycle.
Although not necessary for its basic operation, the exerciser may be equipped with a resistance mechanism 40 that generates a resistance force against which the user works to exercise. The resistance force maybe developed using inertia such as provided by a flywheel (not shown) mounted directly on the output shaft 46 or the inertia of the exercise device links themselves, electromagnetic resistance as in an electrical generator and motor set, friction as in a band brake, air resistance as in a wind turbine, or other convenient means. The resistance force may also be adjustable or fixed. Because of its small size and ease of adjustment, a particularly suitable resistance device is the planetary resistance device disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 7,115,072, hereby incorporated by reference. Other adjustable and non-adjustable resistance devices are also suitable, such as the adjustable resistance device disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,709,368, hereby incorporated by reference.
Once again referring to
Again, the device 20 includes the frame 30 in mechanical communication with the first multi-bar linkage on one side of the frame 30. The first multi-bar linkage is in communication with a second multi-bar linkage on the other side of frame 30. A first mechanical input component such as the foot pedal 22, the pedal 26, and the like is in mechanical communication with the first multi-bar linkage. A second mechanical input component is in mechanical communication with the second multi-bar linkage. The first multi-bar linkage and the second multi-bar linkage are selectively adaptable to provide at least three different motions for the first mechanical input component and the second mechanical input component.
A method includes placing the frame 30 in mechanical communication with the first multi-bar linkage. Then place the first multi-bar linkage in communication with the second multi-bar linkage. Attach the first mechanical input component to a portion of the first multi-bar linkage. Attach the second mechanical input component to a portion of said second multi-bar linkage. The first multi-bar linkage and the second multi-bar linkage are adapted to be selectively moveable to provide at least three different motions for the first mechanical input component and the second mechanical input component. The foot pedals 22 and pedals 26 are adapted to be used from a sitting position. In one exemplary embodiment, a step includes placing a selective resistance device between the first multi-bar linkage the second multi-bar linkage.
The preceding description has been presented only to illustrate and describe exemplary embodiments of the methods and systems of the present invention. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to any precise form disclosed. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed as the best mode contemplated for carrying out this invention, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the claims. The invention may be practiced otherwise than is specifically explained and illustrated without departing from its spirit or scope. The scope of the invention is limited solely by the following claims.
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|U.S. Classification||482/52, 482/60, 482/57, 482/79|
|International Classification||A63B22/04, A63B23/08, A63B22/06|
|Cooperative Classification||A63B22/0664, A63B21/15, A63B21/00069, A63B21/0088, A63B21/012, A63B2208/0233, A63B21/225, A63B22/0056, A63B22/0023, A63B21/005, A63B22/0694, A63B22/0605, A63B2022/0676|
|European Classification||A63B22/06P, A63B22/00P6, A63B21/15, A63B22/06C, A63B22/06E|
|17 Oct 2014||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|8 Mar 2015||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|28 Apr 2015||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20150308