US 638819 A
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UNITED STATES PATENT OEEICE.
THOMAS F. STIMPSON, OF PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND, ASSIGNOR TO THE SILVER SPRING BLEAC-HING AND DYEING COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.
METHOD OF PRINTING FABRICS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 638,819, dated December 1 2, 1899.
Application led April 23, 1898. Serial No. 678,658. (No specimens.)
To @ZZ whom if may concern: not register with the figures of the color-pat- Be it known that I, THOMAS F. STIMPSON, of tern, but overlap said figures in a varying the city and county of Providence and State manner. The color of the color-pattern Will of Rhode Island,haveinventedacertain new be removed through the action of the dis- 55 5 and useful Method of Printing Fabrics; and charge, and only those portions of the color- I do hereby declare the following specification, figures which are not struck by the discharge taken in connection with the accompanying Will appear upon the finished fabric. drawings, forming a part of the same, to be a The discharge or resist may be a white disfull, clear, and exact description thereof. charge or resist-that is to say, they may be 6o Io The object of the invention is to produce of such a character that When the fabric is by printing certain peculiar effects; and to finished it will appear in its original color that end it consists in printing a color-patwhere the discharge or resist is applied, and tern upon the fabric and obliterating said only those portions of the color-pattern will pattern by removing or preventing the develappear that did not overlap the discharge or 65 I5 opment of varying portions of the color-figresist. A color discharge or resist may be ures, so that only varying fragments of said used, in which case a color will appear upon color-pattern will appear upon the finished the finished fabric where the discharge or refabric. This may be accomplished by printsist is applied. The color of the discharge or inga bright-color pattern upon the fabric and resist may be the same as one of the colors in 7o zo printing with a resist or a discharge a pat tern the color-pattern, in which case both the colorthe figures of which do not register with the pattern and the discharge or resist pattern figures of the color-pattern, but overlap said will be obliterated or destroyed and a new figures in an irregular and varying manner. pattern formed in which neither of the printlVhen a resist is used, the fabric is first printed ed patterns Will appear. On the other hand, 75
z 5 with a pattern in resist and thenwith a color the discharge or resist color maybe and prefpattern the figures of which do not register erably is of a dierent color from the colors with the figures of the resist-pattern, but overin the color-pattern. In this case the resist lap said figures of the resist-pattern in an iror discharge pattern will appear upon the finregular and varying manner. ished fabric, and the figures of said pattern 8o 3o The color-pattern may be printed by applywill be colored in a varying manner by the ing a color or colors to the fabric, or said fragments of the color-pattern Whichfall upon pattern may be printed by applying a liquor the figures of the resist or discharge pattern. or liquors to the fabric, which liquor or liq- In case the color of the discharge or resist uors will develop a color or colors in the subis a comparatively dark color the colorhpata 85 3 5 sequent treatment of the fabric. In case the tern may be obliterated by removing only a color-pattern is printed by the application part of the color, as the color which is substiof color then those portions of the color-figtuted for the color removed will prevent any ures Which fall upon the resist will be reof the color-pattern appearing Where the color moved in the subsequent treatment of the discharge or resist is'applied. 9o
4o fabric or will be decomposed by the chemical Referring to the drawings, Figure l indiaction of the resist and only those portions cates a resist or discharge pattern; Fig. 2, a of the color-figures which did not fall upon color-pattern, and Figs. 3 and 4 patterns prothe resist will appear upon the finished fabric. duced by the use of the patterns in Figs. l In case the color-pattern is printed by the apand 2.
45 plication of color-developing liquor then the Supposing that a pattern similar to that incolor will not be developed Where the liquor dicated in Fig. lis printed in a resist-for infalls upon the resist, but will be developed stance, the squares indicating the portions of only where the liquor does not strike the resist. the fabric which are free from resist-and sup- TWhen a discharge is used, the color-pattern posing the groups of circles indicated in Fig. Ico
5o is first printed, and thena pattern is printed 2 to be printed onthe fabric in red, for inwith a discharge the figures of which do stance, then by reason of the fact that the groups of circles of Fig. 2 do not register with the squares of Fig. l varying portions of said circles will fall upon the different squares. When the fabric is nished, those portions of the groups of circles which fall upon the resist will be removed or will not be developed, and only those portions of said circles which fall upon the squares Will remain and the pattern shown in Fig. 3 Will appear on the fabric, the figures appearing in red. If a color or a color-developing liquor be mixed with the resist, then the portions of the groups of circles which fall upon the resist Will be removed as before, but the color of the resist will be substituted and the squares will appear upon a colored ground, and said squares Will be colored in a varying manner by the portions of the groups of circles which fall on said squares, as indicated in Fig. 4.
Instead of using a resist to obliterate the color pattern either a White or color discharge may be used, in which case the colorpattern Will be printed first and then obliterated by the action of the discharge.
The patterns illustrated are very simple patterns; but it Willbe apparent from the foregoing that the effects may be greatly varied by using more complex or complicated patterns and that the variations in the eifects may be further increased by using a number of colors in the bright-color pattern.
It will be understood that the order in which the steps of the process are performed is imm aterial. Thus the color-pattern may be print ed iirst, as When a discharge is used, or the color-pattern may be printed second, as in case a resist is used.
While it is preferred to print the patterns upon the nished fabric, it will be understood that the patterns may be printed on the Warp- 4o threads previous to Weaving, if desired.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. The method of printing fabrics which consists in printing a color-pattern and oblit erating said pattern by removing or preventing the development of irregularly-varying portions thereof to avoid repeats, substantially as described.
2. The method of printing fabrics which 5o consists in printing a color-pattern, and obliterating said pattern by printing a pattern in a resist or discharge, the figures of which do not register With the figures of the color-pattern, substantially as described.
3. The method of printing fabrics which consists in printing a color-pattern and obliterating said pattern by printing a pattern in a color resist or discharge, the figures of which do not register with the iigures of the colorpattern, substantially as described.
t. The method of printing fabrics which consists in printing a color-pattern and printing a ground-pattern in a resist or discharge, the gures of which ground-pattern do not register with the figures of the color-pattern, substantially as described.
5. The method of printing fabrics which consists in printing a color-pattern and printa ing a ground-pattern in a color resist or discharge, the figures of which do not register with the figures of the color-pattern, substantially as described.
THOMAS F. STIMPSON.
W. H. THURsToN, R. A. BATES.