|Publication number||US6116477 A|
|Application number||US 09/459,820|
|Publication date||12 Sep 2000|
|Filing date||13 Dec 1999|
|Priority date||13 Dec 1999|
|Also published as||WO2001042103A1|
|Publication number||09459820, 459820, US 6116477 A, US 6116477A, US-A-6116477, US6116477 A, US6116477A|
|Inventors||Walter J. Kreiseder, Thomas C. Stoneberg, Gary Berge|
|Original Assignee||Courtesy Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (42), Classifications (5), Legal Events (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates generally to dispensing closures for containers, and more particularly, to such closures including a base portion and a separate hinge cap portion cooperatively engageable upon said base portion.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Two piece closures for containers are known and generally include a base portion adapted to be positioned on the mouth of the container and a separately formed cap portion which is cooperatively engageable upon said base to complete the closure. Formation of such closures from separate cap and base pieces is desirable and advantageous because, where such closures are formed of molded plastic material, the two pieces may be produced using molds which are less complicated and expensive that molds required for forming one piece closures, and also, the two separate pieces may be molded from different color plastic material.
It also is known to provide closures having a base and cap portion connected by a hinge such that the cap is pivotal with respect to the base from an open position in which the cap is displaced from the base to a closed position in which the cap is pivoted about the hinge to a closed position with the cap engaged over the base.
In instances where a two piece closure is desired to be provided with a hinge connection between the cap and the base, it is necessary to include structure associated with the cap which is engageable upon the base to provide a connection between the cap and the base with the hinge therebetween so that the cap is operable with respect to the base between an open and closed position as intended by such closures. The structure associated with the cap and engageable upon the base preferably may be formed easily by injection molding process such as that used for molding plastic material parts, and is readily assemblable between the cap and the base to provide the desired two piece hinge closure for use with containers.
The invention is characterized by a two piece hinge closure including a base portion and a separately formed cap portion. The cap potion includes an attachment ring formed integrally with the cap and having a hinge connecting the cap to the ring. The base portion is adapted to be secured to the mouth of a container and includes a spout surrounded by a circular channel formed in the base. The ring of the cap is matingly engageable within the channel formed on the base to hold the cap securely upon the base when the cap is assembled therewith. The so assembled cap and base forms the two piece hinge closure of the invention in which the cap is movable between open and closed positions by pivoting the cap with respect to the base about the hinge connected between the base-mounted ring and the cap.
Various objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent in accordance with the above and ensuing disclosure in which a preferred embodiment is described in detail in the specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawings. It is contemplated that minor variations may occur to persons skilled in the art without departing from the scope or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the two piece hinge closure of the invention, in which the cap is shown in its closed position with respect to the base;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the closure shown in FIG. 1, with the cap moved to its open position with respect to the base;
FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view showing the cap and associated attachment ring separated from the base;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the closure of the invention with the cap disposed in its open position with respect to the base, and the underside portions of the base being illustrated;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view taken along the line 5--5 of FIG. 2, in the direction indicated generally;
FIG. 6 is a sectional view taken through the closure of the invention showing the cap moved to partially closed position with respect to the base; and
FIG. 7 is a sectional view taken along the line 7--7 of FIG. 1, in the direction indicated generally.
Referring to the drawings, the two piece hinge closure 10 of the invention preferably is formed of molded plastic material and includes a base 12 with an upstanding spout 14 formed integral with the base 12. The base 12 is adapted for attachment to a container mouth (not shown) in known manner, such as by screw threads 16 formed on the inner surface of the base 12 which mate with like threads on the mouth of the container.
Base 12 includes a cylindrical body part 15 with a top wall portion 13 upon the top side 17 of which is formed spout 14. A circular channel 18 is formed in top wall 13 and surrounds spout 14.
Cap 20 is molded separately from base 12 and is provided for cooperative engagement by assembly with base 12 to from the closure 10. Cap 20 includes a cylindrical wall 22 with a closing top wall 24 to close off the cylindrical wall 22. The underside 26 of wall 24 is formed with a depending plug 28, adapted for cooperative engagement with spout 14 to close same when the cap is engaged over base 12 as described hereinbelow.
Circular attachment ring 30 is formed integrally with cap 20 and is connected thereto by hinge 32. Hinge 32 extends between an edge part 34 of ring 30 and cylindrical wall 22 of cap 20.
Separately molded cap 20 and base 12 are assembled together to form closure 10 by inserting ring 30 of cap 20 within channel 18 of base 12. Channel 18 is formed with a detent 40 (see FIG. 3) which passes radially along top wall 17 to the edge 42 of body part 15 to receive hinge 32 and hold same in position and prevent movement thereof when the ring 30 is inserted into channel 18. A barb 44 is formed on ring 30 to engage against the wall 46 of channel 18 and effect an interference fit when the ring is inserted therein, thereby to prevent removal of the ring from the channel after the ring is assembled therein. The top surface 50 of ring 30 is positioned flush with the top surface 52 of base top wall 13 when ring 30 is positioned in channel 18 to prevent collection of dirt or other undesirable matter in the channel 18.
When cap 20 is assembled upon base 12 by insertion of ring 30 within channel 18, the cap is movable between its open position seen in FIGS. 2-5 and the closed position seen in FIGS. 1 and 7 by pivoting the cap about hinge 32 so that cap 20 covers base 12 with plug 28 engaged over spout 14. A protruding lip 60 is formed on cap 20 to facilitate opening by a user when the cap is in its closed position. Plug 28 has formed along the outer circumferential edge thereof depending guide ribs 61 with canted edges 62 which engage against spout 14 when the cap is moved to closed position over base 12 (see FIG. 6). The guide ribs 61 direct the plug 28 to properly engage spout 14 and thereby prevent damage to the spout when the plug is so engaged thereover.
Cap 20 can be assembled upon base 12 in either the open or closed position. An inner seal flange 70 is formed on the underside 26 of top wall 24 of cap 20 and extends circumferentially thereabout at a location which is in registry with ring 30 when cap 20 is disposed in closed position with respect to base 12. Thereby, if cap 20 is assembled upon base 12 in closed position, the free edge 72 of seal flange 70 engages against ring 30 to push the same into channel 18 and effect assembly of the closure.
If it is desired to assemble the base and cap in open position, a tool (not shown) will be used to push the ring 30 into channel 18. In order to facilitate such assembly, keying rib 76 (FIG. 4) is formed on the underside 78 of base 12 to indicate the location of detent 40 which passes radially along top wall 17 to the edge 42 of body part 15 into which hinge 32 is to be positioned when cap 20 is assembled on base 12.
In the preferred embodiment illustrated in the drawings, hinge 32 is a living hinge, but the structure of the invention is usable with other types of hinges. The separately-molded feature of the cap and base permits the two parts to be different colors, and the molding process is less complicated and expensive than hinge caps that are molded together with their associated base.
Other configurations and variations in the structure, arrangement and size of the various parts may occur to those skilled in the art without department from the spirit or circumventing the scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3124281 *||8 Jun 1961||10 Mar 1964||stull|
|US3278089 *||21 Dec 1960||11 Oct 1966||Continental Can Co||Spout-type container closure|
|US4377247 *||23 Jul 1980||22 Mar 1983||Polytop Corporation||Dispensing closure employing living hinge|
|US4377248 *||9 Jan 1981||22 Mar 1983||Stull Morton B||Dispensing cap construction|
|US4534483 *||5 Jan 1983||13 Aug 1985||Kassis Amin I||Culture flask closure|
|US4615462 *||12 Jun 1985||7 Oct 1986||Zeller Plastik, Koehn Grabner & Co.||Snap hinge made of plastic and container for longitudinally extending diagnostic test supports|
|US5067624 *||1 Oct 1990||26 Nov 1991||Zeller Plastik Gmbh||Plastic closure for containers|
|US5069367 *||9 Jul 1990||3 Dec 1991||Societe Nouvelle De Bouchons Plastiques||Pouring stopper with tear-off guarantee strip with a separate diaphragm|
|US5219100 *||16 Apr 1992||15 Jun 1993||Creative Packaging Corp.||Flap closure lockable in an open position|
|US5513768 *||28 Jan 1994||7 May 1996||Smith; James C.||Sealing cap for containers|
|US5593054 *||28 Apr 1995||14 Jan 1997||Ideal Ideas, Inc.||Child resistant flip cap with collar|
|US5967384 *||27 Jun 1997||19 Oct 1999||Rxi Plastics, Inc.||Two-piece, flip-top closure|
|US5992659 *||25 Sep 1997||30 Nov 1999||Pano Cap (Canada) Limited||Tamper proof flip top cap|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6478184||24 Jan 2001||12 Nov 2002||Courtesy Corporation||Two piece hinged closure|
|US6550646 *||31 May 2000||22 Apr 2003||Yoshino Kogyosho Co., Ltd.||Synthetic resin-made tubular container|
|US6655553||25 Jun 2002||2 Dec 2003||Seaquist Closures Foreign, Inc.||Dispensing closure with tamper-evident sleeve|
|US7314150||27 Feb 2007||1 Jan 2008||Polytop Corporation||Dispensing closure with cap structure having dual living hinges|
|US7322493||7 Oct 2004||29 Jan 2008||Polytop Corporation||Dispensing closure having complete peripheral seal|
|US7510095 *||11 Mar 2005||31 Mar 2009||Berry Plastics Corporation||System comprising a radially aligned container and closure|
|US7611025||10 Jan 2005||3 Nov 2009||Bericap||Closure device comprising a hinged cap moulded in the closed position|
|US7617954||22 Oct 2007||17 Nov 2009||Polytop Corporation, A Rhode Island Corporation||Dispensing closure with latch back|
|US7628296 *||2 May 2002||8 Dec 2009||Sig Allcap Ag||Method for producing a reclosable spout element and a correspondingly produced spout element|
|US7762438||9 Oct 2009||27 Jul 2010||Polytop Corporation||Dispensing closure with latch back|
|US7861873 *||29 May 2007||4 Jan 2011||Rexam Closures And Containers Inc.||Flip-top dispensing system with a child resistant latch mechanism|
|US7870980||20 Nov 2007||18 Jan 2011||Mccormick & Company, Incorporated||Non-drip spout closure|
|US8066158||3 Sep 2005||29 Nov 2011||Gateway Plastics, Inc.||Closure for a container|
|US8292101||18 Jan 2010||23 Oct 2012||Remax Healthcare Packaging Inc.||Flip-top dispensing system with a child resistant latch mechanism|
|US8474657||30 May 2008||2 Jul 2013||Plastek Industries, Inc.||Pour spout|
|US8523025||3 Oct 2005||3 Sep 2013||Mwv Slatersville, Llc||Dispensing closure having flow modulator and syneresis capture|
|US8550313 *||12 Mar 2009||8 Oct 2013||Weatherchem Corporation||Sift-resistant dispensing closure|
|US20040182890 *||2 May 2002||23 Sep 2004||Robert Rudolph||Method for producing a reclosable spout element and a correspondingly produced spout element|
|US20050087550 *||7 Oct 2004||28 Apr 2005||Skillin Clifford W.||Dispensing closure having complete peripheral seal|
|US20050116382 *||10 Jan 2005||2 Jun 2005||Philippe Nusbaum||Closure device comprising a hinged cap moulded in the closed position|
|US20050173367 *||10 Jan 2005||11 Aug 2005||Philippe Nusbaum||Closure device comprising a hinged cap moulded in the closed position|
|US20050173368 *||10 Jan 2005||11 Aug 2005||Philippe Nusbaum||Closure device comprising a hinged cap moulded in the closed position|
|US20050173457 *||9 Feb 2004||11 Aug 2005||Berard Paul W.||Ready serve distribution bottle|
|US20060011667 *||3 Oct 2005||19 Jan 2006||Polytop Corporation||Dispensing closure having flow modulator and syneresis capture|
|US20060201904 *||11 Mar 2005||14 Sep 2006||Raymond Comeau||System including a hinged closure and tube container and method for sealing a hinged closure on a tube container|
|US20080035681 *||22 Oct 2007||14 Feb 2008||Polytop Corporation||Dispensing closure with latch back|
|US20080041866 *||6 Sep 2004||21 Feb 2008||Javier Bernal Ardanaz||Cap With Hinged Top|
|US20080245795 *||7 Apr 2008||9 Oct 2008||Berge Gary L||Auto open closure|
|US20090120899 *||8 Nov 2007||14 May 2009||Stull Technologies, Inc.||Flip top container closure|
|US20100230446 *||12 Mar 2009||16 Sep 2010||Weatherchem Corporation||Sift-resistant dispensing closure|
|US20130206761 *||6 Jul 2011||15 Aug 2013||Obrist Closures Switzerland Gmbh||Closure|
|USD666096 *||1 Nov 2010||28 Aug 2012||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Cap for a container|
|USD666097 *||1 Nov 2010||28 Aug 2012||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Cap for a container|
|USD666098 *||1 Nov 2010||28 Aug 2012||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Cap for a container|
|USD666099 *||1 Nov 2010||28 Aug 2012||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Cap for a container|
|USD666492 *||1 Nov 2010||4 Sep 2012||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Cap for a container|
|USD666493 *||1 Nov 2010||4 Sep 2012||Colgate-Palmolive Company||Cap for a container|
|WO2006029092A1 *||3 Sep 2005||16 Mar 2006||Gateway Plastics Inc||Closure for a container|
|WO2006098913A2 *||3 Mar 2006||21 Sep 2006||Berry Plastics Corp||Hinged closure and tube container and method for sealing|
|WO2008102077A2 *||27 Dec 2007||28 Aug 2008||Bericap||Plug and method for mounting the same|
|WO2008151048A2 *||30 May 2008||11 Dec 2008||Plastek Ind Inc||Pour spout|
|WO2011107724A1 *||22 Feb 2011||9 Sep 2011||Obrist Closures Switzerland Gmbh||A flip-top dispensing closure|
|U.S. Classification||222/556, 222/546|
|13 Dec 1999||AS||Assignment|
|17 Jan 2002||AS||Assignment|
|29 Jan 2002||AS||Assignment|
|6 Nov 2002||AS||Assignment|
|12 Nov 2002||AS||Assignment|
|17 Feb 2004||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|24 Feb 2004||AS||Assignment|
|27 Feb 2004||AS||Assignment|
|26 Mar 2004||AS||Assignment|
|11 Mar 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|12 Mar 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12
|13 Jul 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: REXAM CLOSURES AND CONTAINERS INC., NORTH CAROLINA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:CREATIVE PACKAGING CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:028548/0802
Effective date: 20110815
|30 Jul 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: REXAM CLOSURES LLC, NORTH CAROLINA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REXAM CLOSURES AND CONTAINERS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:028680/0204
Effective date: 20110815
|3 Aug 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BERRY PLASTICS CORPORATION, INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REXAM CLOSURES LLC;REEL/FRAME:028715/0215
Effective date: 20120529