US 601399 A
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E. MANIX, HOG SNOUT CUTTER. No. 601,399. Patented Mar; 29, 1898.
-mun Imlmmm UNITE STATES PATENT omte.
EDWARD MANIX, OF CALEDONIA, MINNESOTA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 601,399, dated March 29, 1898.
Application filed July 26, 1897. Serial No. 645,928. (No model.)
To all whom/1Z2? may concern:
' Be it known that LEDWARD MANIX,of Caledonia, in the county of Houston and State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hog-Shout Cutters; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, which will enable others skilled in-the art to which it pertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
The main object of my invention is toremove the rims or cartilaginous parts of hogs snouts, and thereby prevent their rooting.
It consists of certain novel features in the construction and arrangement of the instrument, as hereinafter particularly described, and pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings like letters designate the same parts in the several figures.
Figure 1 is a partial side elevation and vertical longitudinal section, on the line 1 1, Fig. 4, of my improved device. Fig. 2 is a vertical cross-section on the line 2 2, Fig. 4. Fig. 3 is a similar section on the line 3 3, Fig. 4:; and Fig. 4c is a plan view, partly in horizontal section.
A A are two arms which are pivotally connected between their ends at a in the manner of tongs.
B B are two jaws concaved or shaped on their opposing sides or faces to correspond.
the top and has in the end next to said opening a curved slot 6 as shown in Fig. 3.
C is a knife held at the sides in guides on the upper jaw and movable lengthwise thereof across the opening b. It is concaved to correspond with the curvature of the jaw and of -the slot b in the end thereof, into which it moved therefrom. The knife 0 is detachably secured by a screw 0 to a slide D, movable lengthwise of the upper jaw in guideways formed or provided therein.
E is a lever for operating the knife, fulcrumed between lugs onears on the upper jaw and connected by a link 6 with the slide D.
The lower jaw B is formed on the under side with two lugs or perforated ears 6 and b which are, held by pins or screws in slots formed for their reception in the arm A. The car 12 has a number of holes for the pin connecting it with said arm, whereby the front end of the jaw may beadjusted toward and from the arm to which it is attached to adapt it to hogs snouts of different sizes orshapes. The upper jaw being pivoted to the other arm A is capable of tipping or rocking lengthwise and of thus adapting itself automatically to the shape or taper of the swines muzzle. The ends of the arms A A opposite the jaws B B serve as handles for'closing and holding the jaws on the swines snout during the operation of cutting the rim therefrom.
My improved device operates as follows: The jaws are closed upon the muzzle of the hog, as indicated'in Fig. 1, with the cartilaginous rim of the snout projecting upwardly through the opening I) in the upper jaw, the knife 0 being withdrawn,as shown. The knife is then thrust forward by means of lever E, severing the rim from the snout. The knife is then withdrawn and the jaws are released by opening the tongs.
The device is adjusted approximately for hogs of difierent sizes and having differentshaped snouts by tilting the lower jawB and fastening it at a greater or less inclination to 0 the arm A, as hereinbefore explained. The upper jaw B automatically adapts itself by tipping or rocking lengthwise on its pivot connections with the arm A to variations in shape and size in the snou ts of different hogs such as cannot be provided for by permanent adjustment.
I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to exact details of construction and arrangement herein shown and described, as too 1. In a hog-snout cutter the combination of two arms pivoted to each other and provided at one end with transversely-concaved jaws for grasping and holdinga hogs snout lengthwise, and a concaved reciprocating knife mounted upon and movable lengthwise of the upper jaw, which has a slotted end piece into which the cutting edge of the knife is projected when thrust forward, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
2. In a hog-snout cutter the combination of two pivotally-connected arms provided at one end with jaws for grasping and holding a hogs snout lengthwise, the upper jaw being concaved crosswise on the under side to conform to the snout and having a transverse slot or opening to receive the rim of the snout, a knife movable in guides transversely across said slot or opening, and a lever for operating said knife, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
3. In a hog-snout cutter the combination of two arms pivotally connected with each other and provided at one end with jaws, the upper jaw being pivoted to one arm so as totip or rock lengthwise and adapt itself to the snout of a hog, and a sliding knife on the upper jaw for removing the rim of the snout,
, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
4. In a hog-snout cutter the combination of twopivotally connected arms, two jaws shaped to conform with the snouts of hogs,
the upper jaw being pivoted to one arm and the lower jaw adj ustably attached to the other arm, and a knife applied to the upper jaw, for removing the rim of the snout, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
5. In a hog-snout cutter the combination of a pair of arms pivotally connected like tongs between their ends, an upper jaw pivoted to one arm, concaved on the under side and having a transverse opening through the top and a curved slot in the end next to said opening, a concave knife adapted to move across said opening into said curved slot, means for operating said knife, and a lower jaw attached to the other arm opposite the upper jaw, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
6. In a hog-snout cutter the combination of a pair of pivotally-connected arms, concave jaws attached to one end of said arms, the upper jaw having a transverse opening through the upper side and a curved slot in the end adjacent thereto, a slide movable endwise of the upper jaw in guideways therein, a curved knife detachably fastened to said slide and adapted to be thrust forward across the transverse opening in the upper jaw into the curved slot in its front end, and a'lever fulcrumed to the upper jaw and connected bya link with said slide, substantially as and for the purposes set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I affix my signature in presence of twowitnesses.
F. A. DUXBURY, W. R. DUXBURY.