|Publication number||US4692651 A|
|Application number||US 06/844,330|
|Publication date||8 Sep 1987|
|Filing date||26 Mar 1986|
|Priority date||29 Mar 1985|
|Publication number||06844330, 844330, US 4692651 A, US 4692651A, US-A-4692651, US4692651 A, US4692651A|
|Inventors||Akira Hiramatsu, Hitoshi Mukohjima, Naoya Kaneda, Takuo Okuno, Hiroyuki Seki, Takayuki Tsukimoto, Kazuhiro Izukawa, Ichiro Okumura|
|Original Assignee||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (50), Classifications (7), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a vibration wave motor which excites a vibration member by using an electromechanical transducing element to drive a movable member coupled to the vibration member.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Many proposals have been made on the vibration wave motor. A principle of the vibration wave motor is shown in FIG. 1. Numeral 1 denotes an elastic member which is a vibration member and excited by a piezo-electric device or electrostrictive device (not shown) to generate a travelling wave on a surface of the elastic member 1 as shown. Considering a mass point a on the surface of the elastic member, it vibrates longitudinally and laterally and makes an eliptical motion as shown. Numeral 2 denotes a rotor which is press-contacted to the elastic member 1 at a pressure P and driven in a direction of an arrow A by a lateral motion component of the eliptical motion of the mass point.
An amplitude of the eliptics which is a locus of motion of the mass point is very small such as several microns to several tenths microns. Thus, it is necessary to precisely finish the contact areas of the elastic member 1 and the rotor 2.
The contact area is slightly deformed by the pressure applied to contact the rotor 2 to the elastic member 1. Thus, it is difficult to attain uniform contact over the entire contact area. As a result, motor efficiency is lowered and noise is generated.
In order to resolve the above problems, Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 178987/1984 discloses an approach in which the rotor is divided into a plurality of sections which are independently contacted to the contact areas. The disclosed technique is incomplete because when the vibration generated in the vibration member includes a torsional component, the rotor is obliquely contacted to the elastic member by the torsional component. Therefore, uniform contact of the elastic member and the rotor over the entire contact area is not attained.
Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication No. 188381/1984 discloses a vibration wave motor which comprises a slider constructed by dividing a rotor and a rubber elastic member for supporting the slider. In the disclosed technique, since the slider is supported by the rubber elastic member, the slider may be inclined in any direction. Thus, when the slider is driven by the lateral motion component of the eliptical motion of the mass point of the elastic member, the motion component is absorbed by the rubber elastic member as the slider is inclined so that torque is not effectively transmitted.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a vibration wave motor which enables uniform press-contact of a plurality of contact areas of a rotor to an elastic member and constant press-contact between the elastic member and the rotor for any change of the contact force so that the efficiency of the motor is improved and a noise is reduced.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a vibration wave motor which resolves the problems encountered in the prior art motor and is easy to construct.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a vibration wave motor which can reduce vibration at an undesired frequency.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a vibration wave motor having a small warp slider.
FIG. 1 illustrates a principle of a vibration wave motor,
FIG. 2 is a developed perspective view of one embodiment of a vibration wave motor of the present invention,
FIG. 3 shows a sectional view of the vibration wave motor shown in FIG. 2, and
FIGS. 4 to 6 show enlarged views of sections of rotors in the embodiments of the present invention.
FIG. 2 shows a developed perspective view of a vibration wave motor of the present invention, and FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the vibration wave motor shown in FIG. 2. Numeral 1 denotes an elastic member to which a piezo-electric or electrostrictive device 3 is bonded. When two periodic voltages having a phase difference (e.g. 90°) therebetween are applied to the piezo-electric or electrostrictive device 3, the elastic member 1 is excited to generate a travelling wave as shown in FIG. 1. Numeral 4 denotes a slider which is press-contacted to the elastic member 1. It is divided into a plurality of (eight in FIG. 2) sections. The slider 4 is bonded to a hold plate 5 to form a rotor 2. Numeral 5a denotes a groove in the hold plate and numeral 5b denotes an output area of the motor. Numeral 6 denotes a vibration absorbing member made of rubber or felt to hold the piezo-electric or electrostrictive device, numeral 7 denotes a pressurizing mechanism for generating contact pressure for the elastic member 1 and the rotor 2, and numerals 8 and 10 denote holding cylinders for holding the elastic member 1 and the rotor 2 therebetween. The contact pressure between the elastic member 1 and the rotor 2 is adjusted by a thread 8a on the upper holding cylinder 8 and a thread 10a of the lower holding cylinder 10. The rotor 2 is rotatably held by the groove 5a of the hold plate 5 and a bearing 9.
FIG. 4 shows an enlarged sectional view of the rotor 2. Numeral 4a denotes a contact area which is press-contacted to the elastic member 1, and numeral 4b denotes a hold area to hold the contact area 4a. The areas 4a and 4b form a contact surface to the elastic member 1. Numeral 4c denotes support areas which support opposite ends of the hold area 4b.
The hold area 4b has a sufficiently lower rigidity than those of the support area 4c and the contact area 4a. When the rotor 2 is pressed at the pressure P by the pressurizing mechanism 7, it is press-contacted to the elastic member 1 at the contact area 4a.
The contact area 4a is pressed by a counterpressure p by the elastic member 1, but since the rigidity of the hold area 4b is sufficiently lower than that of the support area 4c and the contact area 4a, the hold area 4b is deformed as shown by a broken line by the counterpressure p.
Since the slider 4 is constructed by the plurality of sets of contact areas 4a, hold areas 4b and support areas 4c. The contacts areas 4a of the slider 4 are uniformly contacted to the contact surface 1a of the elastic member 1, and even if the vibration generated in the elastic member 1 includes a torsional component, the hold areas 4b deform accordingly so that the hold areas 4b are always uniformly contacted.
FIG. 5 and 6 show other embodiments of the present invention. In FIG. 5, the contact area 4a is supported by a pair of leaf springs 11a and 11b, which are deformed by a counterpressure p as shown by broken lines.
In FIG. 6, the slider 4 is constructed by a thin plate. Since it may be manufactured by pressing, cost can be reduced compared to the embodiments shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 and precision is improved. The slider 4 is mounted and fixed to the support plate 5. The present embodiment presents the some advantage as that of the embodiment of FIG. 4.
By filling spaces of the rotor in the embodiments of FIGS. 4-6 with vibration absorbing material such as silicone rubber, the rubber acts as a damper to reduce vibration at an undesired frequency. The rotor and the slider may be bonded by silicon filler.
By filling the spaces of the rotor as well as the spaces between the divided sliders 4 shown in FIGS. 4 to 6, with vibration absorbing material, warpage of the divided sliders can be reduced.
The hold area 4b in embodiment of FIG. 4, the leaf springs 11a and 11b shown in FIG. 5 and the thin plate slider 4 shown in FIG. 6 may be made of plastic to reduce the rigidity or they may be made of spring materials or other resilient materials.
In the above embodiments, rotary motors have been shown and described. The present invention can also be applied to a linear vibration wave motor in which the movable member is linearly moved.
As described hereinabove, in accordance with the present invention, the slider of the movable member is divided into the plurality of sections and the contact areas of the slider are resiliently held such that they have a low rigidity normal to the contact area and a high rigidity parallel with to the contact area. Thus, the slider sections of the movable member are uniformly contacted to the elastic member and the partial contact in which the movable member is only partially contacted to the elastic member can be prevented.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US20050212385 *||20 May 2005||29 Sep 2005||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Vibration element and vibration wave driving apparatus|
|US20140305247 *||9 Apr 2014||16 Oct 2014||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Vibration-type driving apparatus, robot, and image forming apparatus|
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|EP0315933A2 *||7 Nov 1988||17 May 1989||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Ultrasonic motor|
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|U.S. Classification||310/323.09, 310/328|
|International Classification||H01L41/09, H02N2/16, H02N2/00|
|26 Mar 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, 30-2, 3-CHOME, SHIMOMARUKO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:HIRAMATSU, AKIRA;MUKOHJIMA, HITOSHI;KANEDA, NAOYA;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:004533/0157
Effective date: 19860324
|9 Feb 1988||CC||Certificate of correction|
|31 Oct 1990||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|27 Jan 1995||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|29 Jan 1999||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12