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Publication numberUS3905859 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date16 Sep 1975
Filing date29 Nov 1974
Priority date29 Nov 1974
Publication numberUS 3905859 A, US 3905859A, US-A-3905859, US3905859 A, US3905859A
InventorsPatterson Richard A
Original AssigneeMinnesota Mining & Mfg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vacuum wheel apparatus for applying tabbed strips of adhesive tape
US 3905859 A
Abstract
A device for applying strips of tape having a pressure-sensitive adhesive disposed on one side thereof onto articles. The device forms a pull tab, suitable for gripping, from a portion of the tape strip and applies the tabbed strip to an article. The tab permits easy gripping and removal of the tape from the article.
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1191 Patterson 14 1 Sept, 16, 1975 1 VACUUM WHEEL APPARATUS FOR APPLYING TABBED STRIPS OF ADHESIVE TAPE [75] Inventor: Richard A. Patterson, Woodbury,

Minn.

[73] Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, St. Paul, Minn.

221 Filed: Nov. 29, 1974 21 App1.No.: 527,949

521 US. Cl. 156/443; 156/458; 15 /521; 156/568 51 1m. (:1. B65C 9/04; B32B 31/00 [58] Field of Search 156/444, 443, 519, 521,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,121,374 2/1964 Searle et a1. 156/583 3,355,995 12/1967 Borkmann et a1. 156/521 3,489,637 l/197O Gresl et a1. 156/521 3,772,120 11/1973 Radzins 156/521 Primary Examiner-Douglas .I.. Drummond 1 Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Alexander, Sell, Steldt & DeLaHunt 5 7 ABSTRACT A device for applying strips of tape having a pressuresensitive adhesive disposed on one side thereof onto articles. The device forms a pull tab, suitable for gripping, from a portion of the tape strip and applies the tabbed strip to an article. The tab permits easy gripping and removal of the tape from the article.

3 Claims, 3 Drawing Figures VACUUM WHEEL APPARATUS FOR APPLYING TABBED STRIPS OF ADHESIVE TAPE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of The Invention In one aspect, this invention relates to tape applicating machines; more specifically, this invention relates to machines which form a tab on the tape before applying the tape to an article. I

2. Prior Art The tape applicating vacuum wheels presently available receive a strip of tape on the applicating wheel with the adhesive coated surface exposed. If it is desired to apply a strip of tape with a tab section which does not adhere to the substrate, a strip of film is applied along one edge of the tape to cover a portion of the adhesive. When the tape is severed across its width, a tabbed strip of tape is formed which is as long as the tape is wide.

The prior art devices have proved useful but they require the use of a film to form a tab which necessitates additional handling to load and feed the film and the length of the strip applied is limited to the width of the tape and this severely limits the length of the tape strip which is applied. Also, the tape strip on the prior art machines cannot be applied under tension since the tape is held on the wheel only by a vacuum.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The tape applicating wheel of this invention solves the problems of the prior art. The wheel folds the tape upon itself, an adhesive coated surface to an adhesive coated surface, so the tape forms a tab suitable for gripping without the need for an additional film. The applicator also holds the formed tab during application of the tabbed strip to a substrate thereby allowing the tape to be applied under tension and the tape strip can be formed to the desired length irrespective of the tapes width.

The apparatus of this invention comprises a frame having an ovoid cam race mounted thereon. A vacuum wheel is rotatably mounted on a supporting shaft at tached to the frame, the shaft being positioned within the cam race. A plurality of fixed anvils are evenly circumferentially spaced about the periphery of the vacuum wheel. A plurality of oscillating vacuum applicating segments, smaller than the space between adjacent anvils and having a perforated applicating surface are movably mounted between the anvils. The segments are adapted for arcuate oscillatory motion on the periphery of the vacuum wheel in the space between the anvils.

The oscillating segments have a leg with one end attached thereto and with the end distal said segment rotatably mounted to the vacuum wheel by means of a pin. Each leg has an associated linking arm having one end fixedly attached to a pin with a fixed angular relationship between the linking arm and the leg attached to the pin. A cam follower mounted on the end of the linking arm opposite the pin is adapted for movement within the ovoid cam race.

Vacuum means supply a vacuum to the applicating surface of the oscillating segments and the spaces between the applicating segment and a complementary anvil.

A supply of tape having a pressure-sensitive adhesive on one side thereof is fed onto the anvils and applicating segments with the adhesive exposed. As the vacuum wheel rotates, the cam follower moving in an ovoid path moves the linking arm which in turn causes the applicating surface to oscillate closing the space between the anvil and the applicating segment. Tape spanning the space is drawn into the space between the segment and anvil by the vacuum and will be formed into a tab by the pressure of an end of the segment against an end of the anvil when in a closed position.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING A further understanding may be had by referring to the accompanying drawing in which:

FIG. 1 is a side view with the applicating wheel shown in one embodiment of this invention;

FIG. 2 is a front sectional view taken along the line 22 of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is an exploded view of an applicating segment with its associated leg and linking rm.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring to the drawing in which like reference numerals refer to like parts, tape 12 from a supply roll 10 is fed continuously onto applicating segments 24. The tape 12 is fed onto the segments 24 so that the adhesive is exposed. As the tape is being fed to the wheel, it bridges a gap 13 between applicating segments 24 and anvils 22 which anvils 22 are spaced circumferentially, a distance exceeding the arcuate length of the segments defining a recess for the segments. A vacuum applied to the peripheral surface of the applicating segments 24 holds the tape 12 firmly on the applicating segment. As vacuum applicating wheel 16 rotates, positioning means afford movement of each segment in the recess formed by the anvils 24 and wheel 21 to position the segment in a particular position in relationship to the trailing anvil at various positions during the rotation of the wheel. As illustrated, a cam follower 32 in a cam race moves linking arms 30, pins 29 and leg 26 causing the segments 24 to oscillate in the recesses. As the wheel 21 is rotated from the tape supply station, segments 24 are moved in the direction opposite the direction of rotation of the wheel 2.1; the segments will move from an open position with respect to their complementary trailing anvil to a closed position. A vacuum applied to the gap 13 draws the tape into the narrowing gap to fold the tape during such movement with the adhesive surface of the tape being in contact with itself to form a permanent tab.

After a tab is formed, the wheel is rotated to the severing station where severing means cuts the tabbed strips of tape to the desired length. As shown, the tabbed strip then contacts a revolving object 46, e.g., a tube which is held in a feed member 45 having a plurality of depressions which are suitable for holding the tube and carrying it to the applicating station. The strip is applied about the circumference of the tube 46 which rotates in a direction opposite that of the vacuum wheel 16. The tab on the tape is held during application to keep tension on the tape then the segments are moved in the direction of rotation of the wheel to again form a gap between the segment 24 and the trailing anvil. The tension allows the tape to be applied to irregularly shaped substrates. The tension will stretch the tape to conform to the substrates.

In greater detail, a continuous length of tape 12 is drawn from a convolutely wound roll of tape by a driven feed roller 14 and fed onto the periphery of a vacuum wheel designated generally 16. The vacuum wheel 16 is rotatably mounted on a shaft 18 attached to housing 20, the axis of the shaft being perpendicular to the housing. A supporting disc 21 has a plurality of fixed anvils 22 evenly spaced about the periphery. A plurality of vacuum applicating segment heads 24, corresponding in number to the anvils 22, are disposed about the disc 21. The applicating segments 24 are mounted for arcuate oscillatory motion in the recess between the anvils 22, the segments being shorter than the recess providing a gap 13 between he trailing edge of a segment and the next anvil in one position of the segments.

The applicating segments 24 are held in position on the periphery of wheel 21 by means of lips 25a projecting from each side of the vacuum wheel engaging complementary grooves 2517 along the sides of the segments. The lips 250 will retian the applicating segments 24 in position about the periphery but allow free movement of the segments between the anvils. The legs 26 have a bifurcated end which engages a pin 27 in the applicating segments. The legs 26 are mounted to the disc 21 by shafts 29, the shafts being free to rotate on the shaft so that the angle therebetween remains constant. The other free end of the linking arm opposite the shaft 29 is free for movement about the axis of shaft 29.

A cam follower 32, mounted on the free end of the linking arm 30 distal to the shaft 29, is adapted to move in the ovoid cam race 34. As cam follower 32 moves in the ovoid cam race 34 about the axis of shaft 10, the free end of linking arm 32 will move in an ovoid path toward and away from the axis of shaft 18. This motion will cause a corresponding oscillating motion in the connected linking arm, leg and applicating segment.

As the tape is fed onto an applicating segment, there will be a gap 13 between the applicating segment and its complementary anvil. A source of subatmospheric pressure, i.e., vacuum means not shown, is connected to a manifold 36 which transmits the vacuum pressure to apertures 38 on the exposed surface of the applicating segments 24 by means of a thin depression 40 on the surface of the supporting disc and a plurality of radial bores 42 formed in the disc 21. The thin depression 40 also opens to the gap 13 to pull the tape into the gap as the segments 24 move toward their complementary anvils 22.

After a tab has been formed in the tape 12, the wheel is rotated to the severing stations where cutting means, such as arotary shear 44, will sever the tape to the desired length adjacent the tabbed end of a length of tape carried by the applicating segment 24. The cut length of tape is then carried to an applicating station.

As shown, the cylindrical tube 46 is held in an appli cating position in the depression 47 by feed member about their axes to permit oscillating of the segments 24 in the recesses. One end of each linking arm 30 is also connected to a corresponding arm and leg being fixedly mounted which has a number of depressions suitable for holding tubes to be taped. There are means (not shown) to rotate the tube 46 in a counterclockwise direction as the applicaing wheel moves in a clockwise direction. The tabbed segment of tape 12 will be wrapped firmly about the object 46, the tabbed portion being firmly gripped between an applicating segment and a trailing anvil. This allows the tape to be applied under tension providing a good contact. When the tabbed portion is reached, the segment is moved in the direction of rotation of the wheel and the wheel releases the tab and the adhesion of the tape to the article is sufficient to pull the tab from between the segment and its complementary anvil. The empty applicating segment then rotates into position to receive the tape feed from the supply 10.

While this invention has been described with respect to placing a tabbed length of tape on a cylindrical or circular object, it is also useful for placing tabbed lengths of tape on boxes, joining parts or other applications which use a tape closure.

Various modifications and alterations of this invention will become obvious to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope and the spirit of this invention, and it is to be understood that this invention is not limited to the illustrative embodiments set forth hereinbefore.

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus for forming and applying a tabbed strip of adhesive tape to an object comprising:

a frame;

a wheel mounted for rotation on a supporting shaft attached to said frame;

a plurality of fixed anvils evenly spaced about the periphery of said wheel;

a plurality of oscillating vacuum applicating segments, having a perforated applicating surface, supported for arcuate oscillatory motion in the space between said fixed anvils, each of said oscillating segments moving from an open to a closed position with respect to a complementary fixed anvil and each of said applicating segments having a leg with the end of said leg distal said segment and fixedly mounted to a pin rotatably mounted on said vacuum wheel;

positioning means are provided for rotating said pins to move said segments through the desired oscillatory movement upon rotation of said wheel;

vacuum means for supplying a vacuum to said applicating segments and the area between said applicating segments and said fixed anvils for holding the tape on the segments and fordrawing the tape into the gap between an end of the segment and the complementary fixed anvil;

feed means for feeding tape from a supply of tape having a pressure-sensitive adhesive disposed on one side thereof to said applicating segments with the adhesive exposed; and

cutting means for severing said tape placed upon said wheel into lengths;

whereby as said vacuum wheel rotates tape is fed onto the surface of the wheel and is cut into lengths with said segments moving with relation to said anvils to form a tab on the tape when one of the applicating segments is moved to a closed configuration, said tab being formed as the tape spanning the space between one of said applicating segments and one of said fixed anvils in the open configuration is drawn by the vacuum into the space between said segments and is formed into a tab by the pressure between the segment and anvil as they move to the closed position.

2. An apparatus for forming and applying a tabbed strip of adhesive tape to an object comprising:

a frame;

an ovoid cam race disposed on said frame;

a vacuum wheel rotatably mounted on a supporting shaft attached to said frame, said shaft being located on an axis positioned within said cam race;

a plurality of fixed anvils evenly spaced about the periphery of said vacuum wheel;

a plurality of oscillating vacuum applicating segments, having a perforated applicating surface, adapted for arcuate oscillatory motion in the space between said fixed anvils, each of said oscillating segments moving from an open to a closed position with respect to a complementary fixed anvil and each of said applicating segments having a leg with the end of said leg distal said segment, fixedly mounted to a corresponding pin rotatably mounted on said vacuum wheel;

linking arms having one end fixedly attached to said pins at a fixed angular relationship to said leg;

a cam follower mounted on the other end of said linking arm opposite said pin, said cam follower being adapted for movement in said ovoid cam race;

vacuum means for supplying a vacuum to said applicating surface and the area between said applicating segments and said fixed anvil when they are in the open position;

feed means for feeding tape from a supply of tape having a pressure-sensitive adhesive disposed on one side thereof to said applicating segments with the adhesive exposed; and

cutting means for severing said tape disposed on the surface of the wheel into lengths,

whereby as said vacuum rotates said cam follower 3. The apparatus of claim 2 wherein said cutting means is a rotary shear adapted to cooperate with said fixed anvils to sever said tape therebetween.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3121374 *15 Jun 196218 Feb 1964Arkell And SmithsProcess and machine for manufacturing paper bags
US3355995 *31 Dec 19645 Dec 1967American Can CoTape applying apparatus and method
US3489637 *16 Apr 196513 Jan 1970Johnson & JohnsonDevice for applying tape
US3772120 *5 Nov 197113 Nov 1973Joa C IncMethod for applying attaching tapes to pads
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3963557 *28 Apr 197515 Jun 1976Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyArticle transferring apparatus
US4141195 *19 Aug 197727 Feb 1979Owens-Illinois, Inc.Method and apparatus for forming a tamper-proof closure for a container
US4208976 *20 Nov 197824 Jun 1980The Continental Group, Inc.Tab applicator and bonding apparatus and method of utilizing the same
US4632721 *7 Oct 198530 Dec 1986Kris-Tech CorporationContinuous operation
US4722166 *16 Jan 19842 Feb 1988Dieckow Klaus PeterPackaging
US4978415 *25 Oct 198818 Dec 1990John Waddington PlcApparatus for applying labels to articles
US5635004 *25 Apr 19943 Jun 1997Douglas Machine Limited Liability CompanyTape applying apparatus and methods
US6153046 *6 May 199928 Nov 2000Kung; JoeApparatus for applying adhesive tape
US62764215 Jun 199821 Aug 2001Armstrong World Industries, Inc.Release sheet application apparatus
US632883226 Jun 199811 Dec 2001S-Con, Inc.Labeling apparatus with web registration, web cutting and carrier mechanisms, and methods thereof
US641584211 Jun 19999 Jul 20023M Innovative Properties CompanySystem for printing and applying tape onto surfaces
US645023024 Jun 199917 Sep 2002S-Con, Inc.Labeling apparatus and methods thereof
US65374063 Apr 200025 Mar 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyVacuum-assisted tape applicator
US66521725 Jan 200125 Nov 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod and apparatus for handling linerless label tape within a printing device
US666889221 Nov 200130 Dec 20033M Innovative Properties CompanySystem for printing and applying tape onto surfaces
US688431212 Apr 200226 Apr 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyApparatus for printing and applying tape and methods of printing and applying tape
US691082025 Jul 200328 Jun 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyApparatus and method for handling linerless label tape
US722007125 Apr 200522 May 20073M Innovative Properties CompanyApparatus and method for handling linerless label tape
EP0250353A2 *16 Jun 198723 Dec 1987BEMIS COMPANY, Inc.Easy-open case taping
WO2001074667A11 Aug 200011 Oct 20013M Innovative Properties CoVacuum-assisted tape applicator
Classifications
U.S. Classification156/443, 156/568, 53/133.3, 53/135.1, 156/521, 156/458
International ClassificationB65B51/00, B65B51/06
Cooperative ClassificationB65B51/06
European ClassificationB65B51/06