US 3855890 A
Apparatus for cutting or perforating a sheet of material that is moving through a pair of cooperating sheet advancing rolls along a predetermined path of travel. A cutting blade and a perforating blade are eccentrically mounted upon one of the advancing roll support shafts. The blades are arranged so as to be positionable whereby one of the blades can be extended into the sheet path of travel to act upon a sheet moving therealong or, alternatively, both blades can be retracted out of the path of travel to allow a sheet in process to pass untreated through the advancing roll assembly. Preferably the blade backing roller is adjustable to compensate for wear.
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent [191 Lynch et al.
[4 1 Dec. 24,1974
[ SLITTER/PERFORATOR APPARATUS  Inventors: Thomas Lynch, Fairport;.l)ouglas G.
. Berner; FrankR. Hynes, both of Rochester, all of NY.
 Assignee: xerox Corpora'tion, Stamford,
22 Filed: Dec, .17, '1973  Appl. No.: 425,370
Related US. Application Data Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 317,029, Dec. .20,
52 Us. ci...'.; 83/331, 83/344, 83/433,
7 83/480, 83/482, 83/678  Int. Cl .f. B26d 3/00  Field of Search 83/331, 344, 433,480,
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 8/1934 Yoder'. 83/433 x lintitiu y a 7 3,570,335 3/l97l Marin 83/482 X Primary Examiner-J. M. Meister Attorney, Agent, or Firm-Paul Weinstein; James J. Ralabate [5 7 ABSTRACT Apparatus for cutting or perforating a sheet of material that is moving through a pair of cooperating sheet advancing rolls along a predetermined path of travel.
A cutting blade and a perforating blade are eccentrically mounted upon one of the advancing roll support shafts. Theblades'are arranged so as to be positionable whereby one of the blades can be extended into the sheet path of travel toact upon a sheet moving therealong or, alternatively, b'oth blades can be retracted out of the path of travel to allow a sheet in process to pass untreated through the advancing roll 'assembly. Preferably the blade backing roller is adjustableto compensate for wear.
18 Claims, 5 Drawing Figures PATENTED mica 4:914
- v sum 1 pr 2 1 1 I SLlTTER/PERFORATOR APPARATUS This application is a continuation-in-part of our prior US. application, Ser, No. 317,029 filedDec. 20, 1972,
7 With the advent of xerography, the copier field has expanded greatly bringing with it a demand for more sophisticatedequipment, particularly equipment capable of performing manywidely diverse sheet handling and cutting tasks. In particular there exists a need for a relatively simple and-compact sheet cutting mechanism'which, upon demand, can either slit or perforate a copy sheet to a predetermined size or, alternatively, permit the'copy sheet to pass through the machine in an untreated manner.
' Most "existing cutting devices involve rotary slitter blades that are mounted in abuttin g'relation with a-cooperating blade backing member, as exemplified by the cutting devicedisclosed in US. Pat.'No. 3,182,541. Conventionally, this type of cutting-device is present .with the blade accurately positioned-in relation to the backing member. In this arrangement, the allowable working tolerance between the two coacting elements is extremely small. A dulling of the blade, due to excessive pressure, will result if the blade .is, placed too closely to the backing member On the other hand, frequent misses are experienced when the bade is positioned too far out of contact with the'backing member.
A new approach to sheet cutting, which'alleviates some of these difficulties, has been devised and is more fully disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,402,628. Here, a ro- V A still further object of this invention is to provide an blade backing roller.
These and other objects of the present invention are attained by a sheet cutting mechanism including a cutting blade and a perforating blade eccentrically' mounted upon one support shaft of a sheet advancing roll assembly, a backing roller preferably axially adjustparatus as above preferably including an adjustable able, mounted upon the opposite shaft of the assembly,
and means to selectively position the cutting mechanism upon its support shaft'whereby a sheet passing 7 through the advancing roll: assembly is cut when this tatablecuttingblade'is mountedin' the machine with the blade extending' perpendicular into the prescribed pathof movement'of a copy'sheet'to be acted upon.
The blade is spring biased into contact with a continu:
Notwithstanding the advances that have been made in the paper cutting art, all the prior art devices exhibit similar shortcomings in that they fail to provide a rapid and efficient means by which the operator can change from a sheet cutting function to a sheet perforating function or, alternatively negating both the cutting or perforating functionsentirely. Furthermore, these prior "art devices are found to be space consuming because of the relatively bulky structure required to'carry out 'tion-to be read in connection device is in a first position, perforated when in a second position and remains untreated when in a third position. I
For a better understanding of the invention as well as other objects and further. features thereof, reference is had to the following detaileddescription of the invenwith the accompanying drawings, wherein:
. FIG. 1 is a schematic representation of an automatic xerographic reproducing machine incorporating the Y apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial perspective view of the sheet cutting mechanism of the presentinvention as employed in the machine illustrated in FIG. 1;
3 is a perspective view-of t he blade supporting implement used'in the sheet cutting mechanismof the present invention.
I FIG. 4 is an end view of thebalde'supporting implement of FIG, 3. v
P16. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the apparatus of the present invention;
the cutting operation and, because of the structural I complexity involved, cannot be readily adapted for use in a normal machine environment.
It is therefore an object of this invention to improve sheet cutting and perforating apparatus for use in automatic copying machines.
A further object of this invention is to provide a sheet a series of blocks delineated A through E. At station A, I
, Referring now toFlG. 1 there is shown an automatic xerographic "reproducing machine. incorporating the sheet slitting and perforating mechanism of the present invention. The copying machine illustrated employs an image recording drum member 10 havingan outer surface thereon coated with asuitablephotoconductive material 11 thereon capable of supporting a latent electrostatic image. Materials such as selenium or the like, which are well known and used in the art, can be conveniently used hereinfl'he drum, which is journaledfor rotation in the machine frame by means of ashaft 12, is rotated in the directionindicated thereby transport-- ing the photoconductive recording surface through a plurality of xerographic processingstations. Although not shown, it is understood that suitable means are also provided for driving and coordinating the movement of the various machine components whereby a faithful rendition of the original input scene information is recorded on the drum surface and later transferred to a sheet of final support material.
Since the practice of xerography is well knownin the.
art, the various processing stations for producing a copy of the original are herein represented in FIG. 1 as through an exposure station B containing a scanning apparatus for recording a flowing light image of an original 13 upon the moving drum surface. As a result of this imaging operation, the charge supported on the drum surface is selectively dissipated in the light exposed .regions thereby recording the original input scene information on the photoreceptor surface in the form of a latent electrostatic image.
Next, in the direction of drum rotation, the image bearing plate surface is transported through a developing station C wherein tonervmaterial is applied. to the charged drum surface thereby rendering the latent electrostatic image visible. The now develop ed image is brought into contact with a sheet of final support material, sucha's paper or the like, within a transfer station D wherein the toner image iselectrically transferred from the photoconductive surface to the contacting side of the final support sheet. Finally, any residual toner material remaining on the drum surface after the completion of the transfer operation is cleaned from the photoreceptor within a cleaning station E thus placing the plate in a condition to be once againreused in the xerographic process.
a predetermined path of travel, described .by guide plate 21, into a second advancing roll assembly 30 emerence to FIGS. 2 through 5. FIG. 2 represents a per- 7 It is herein contemplated that the sheets of final support material processed in this automatic machine will be stored within the machine frame by means of a removable paper cassette 15. It is further contemplated that the automaticreproducing machine will also have a capability of accepting and processing copy sheets of various lengths, the length of the sheet processed primarily being dictated by'the size of the'original input scene information to be reproduced. In operation, the
individualsheets of support material are placed in a stack configuration within the cassette from which the sheets are advanced into .and through the transfer station D in synchronous moving relationship with a visible xerographic tonerimageon the plate surface. Sheet feeding is accomplished by means of a feed roller 16' and a sheet registering device 17. The sheet roller acts to separate the uppermost sheet from the'stack and advance the separated sheet into the registering mechanism 17-. Here, the motion of the leading edge of the sheet is momentarily interrupted while the sheet is properly aligned and registered with the image recorded on thedrum surface prior to advancing the sheet through the transfer station D wherein the image is placed upon'the above.
Upon the completion of the transfer operation, the image bearing sheet of support material is forwarded to copy sheet in the manner described a xerographic fusing station F via a conventional vac- -the desired image fixing, a radiant heat fuser 19 is herein shown for explanatory purposes.
Upon leaving the fuser, the fixed copy sheet is engaged by a first pair of cooperating advancingrollers, generally referenced 20, which forward the sheet along screw 49 in combination with the flat portion of the spective view of the cutting mechanism of the present invention with the cuttingmechanism placed in a con dition to produce a continuous slit in a sheet of paper passingthrough the feed roll advancing assembly 30.
As shown, the lower advancing roll sub-assembly 31 is mounted upon a support shaft 33 which is journaled for rotation at both ends in support brackets 35, 36. The left handend of the shaft 33, as seen in FIG. 2, extends beyond the support bracket 36 and has a drive sprocket 38 affixed thereto. The drive sprocket is operatively connected, via a chain which is not shown, to the main machine drive system and is arranged to turn the lower shaft at a predetermined rate in the direction indicated. Mounted upon the lower shaft, so as to turn therewith, are two outer pinch rolls 40, 41, two elongated and slotted inner pinch rolls 42, 43 and the blade backing roller 45. All of the rollers supported upon the lower shaft 32 are of approximatelythe same diameter and are affixed to the shaft so as to turn therewith at a.
' and preferably is adjustably' supported upon shaft 33'so that it can slide axially alon'g-theshaft. This adjustment feature is desirable so that a fresh backing-surface can beprovided under the blades 68 or 69 after the previ ous surface has worn excessively. Since the blades "68 or 69 are biased against the surface of the roll 45 they tend to cut a circumferential groove in the surface S Y which eventually becomes large enough to interfere with the proper operation of the cutting or perforating apparatus.
The adjustment is made possibly by allowing the roll 45 to slide on the shaft 33 and by providing a backing means 47 to fix the roll in its desired position. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 5 the backing means 47 comprises a set shaft 33. Tightening-the set screw 49 against the flat 50 prevents axial androtational movement of the rollers with respect to the shaft "33.
The upper advancing roller sub-assembly 32 is supported upon a shaft 48 which is pivotally supported at both ends in the main machine frame (not shown). Four advancing pinch rolls 51, 52, 53 and 54 are rotat-' ably supported upon the upper shaft and the entire subassembly biased downwardly whereby the upper pinch rolls are held in friction contact with the lower pinch rolls by means of a pair of biasing springs 55, 56
mounted upon a stationary bracket 57. The free ends of the spring elements are arranged to exert a downward pressure upon two hardened steel receivingsurfaces 58 carried upon shaft48 which urges the entire.
.upper sub-assembly downwardly into operative contact with the lower roll sub-assembly. Sufficientbiasing pressure is provided by the spring elements so that a sheet of paper introduced into the nip formed between 5 the contacting pinch rolls will be advanced at a predetermined rate into the collecting tray.
A cutting implement 60 is slidably mounted along the central portion of the upper shaft 48 as illustrated in FlGS.2 through 5. Thecentral portion of the shaft is I0 provided with a raised key 62 which rides within a complementary slot machine in the bearing 65'of the cutting implement, As shown in the'Figuresthe cutting implement 60 is provided with'a double eccentric bearing upon which are mounted two freely rotating blades. As
illustrated the perforating blade 68 and the cutting blade 69 are retained-on bearing 65 by means of washers 67 and compression ring clips 66 which also serve to compress, .the slotted ends of the double eccentric bearing thus creating sufficient friction force to retain the cutting implement 60 in the selected location. In
assembly, the two blades. are mounted in face to face moving relationship with the cutting surfaces of the blades lying in the same plane, the plane being perpendicular to the sheet path of travel. As shown in FIG. 4, the centers 90 and .91 of the eccentric bearing surfaces '92 and 93 forthe perforatorblade 68 and the'cutter blade 69 are located on radial lines 94 and 95 l apart projecting from the center line 96 of the support shaft 48. Y t
As seen'in FIG. 2, the-upper shaft 48 is provided with a shaft positioning mechanism 70 including an indexing plate 71 and a holding element72. The holding element 72 is affixed atone end in the machine side wall 5 73 and contains an exten'dable' pin 74 that is spring biased outwardly so the pin can engageyaseries of three positioning slots machine in the'face of the indexing plate. When the pin isseated in engagement with one of .the slots, the upperroll support. shaft, and thus the '40 cuttingimplement 60 keyed thereto, are locked in a predetermined position in regards to the lower roll sub- I assembly.
Each of the pin receivi'ng'slots are .accurately'located upon the face of the, indexing plate and' provide a means for locating the blade implement inthree discrete positions in relation to the backing roller 45. First, the shaft can be locked in a position as shown in FIG. 2 wherein the eccentrically mounting cutting blade is extended downwardly into contact-against the backing roller. When so positioned, the blade 69 serves to cut a continuous slit in a sheet of material passing through the advancing roller assembly, the slit being parallel to the direction of sheet travel. It should be noted that at this time the perforated blade is raised up- 5 wardly out of the. sheet path of travel andis thus incapable of acting upon a sheet in process.
Secondly, the shaft 48 can be rotated l20 to reverse the respective blade position. Rotation of the shaft is accomplished by the machine operator pulling back the spring biased pins 72, turning the indexing plate 120 and allowing the pin to seat itself within the perforating indexing slot. When so positioned, the perforating blade is extended into contact with the backing roller and the apparatus is now in a condition to perforate a sheet forwarded through the advancing roll'assembly.
rupted cutsin the sheet that are separated by a tie element made up of the base material. The perforations are such to permit the sheet to .be easily separated along the perforated line. Preferably, the tie to cut relation is 1 to 5 with four cuts being produced per inch of copy material.
Lastly, a third slot is provided on'the indexing plate face midway between the perforating blade locating slot and the cutting blade locating slot. Positioning the holding pin in this particular slot, in the manner described above, causes the center line of each cutting orbit to occur above the center line of support shaft 48.
. Both blades are thus raised out of contact with the backing roller and are incapable of acting upon a sheet forwarded by the advancing roll assembly. Thisthird position, in effect, negates the cutting implement and allows the machine to operate in a normal or conventional manner.
The apparatus of the present invention alsopermits the blade implement 'tobe laterally repositioned upon the upper support shaft 48 to-var-y the size to which the support sheet is shaped. As explained in greater detail in copendingUS; application Ser. No.
205,9 ll filed Dec. 8, 1971, each sheet of support material that is'fed through the automatic "xerographic reproducing machin'e has one of its side margins, e-.g.- the left hand margin as shown in FIG. 2, in registration as it travels alongthe prescribed paper path through the various processing and handling stations. As can be seen, lateral shifting of the cutting implement will in effect reposition the ,blade element at some known distance from the registeredmargin of the sheet. To this end, an indicating scale SOisetched along the central portion of the shaft 48 .by'which the operator can conveniently preset" the blade to produce any desired width of cut within the working range of the blade. To reposition the blade, the operator. simply lifts the upper roll sub-assembly back against the biasing force of the' spring element sufficiently to free the blade from the backing roll and then slides the blade laterally along the shaft to the desired position. Releasing the upper roll assembly, causes the blade to once again seat itself in a holding position againstthe backing roller and prevents further laterally shifting of the blade implement.
Because the exact positioning of the blade element is generally difficult to observe when the apparatus is mounted within a machine environment, the apparatus of the present invention is herein provided with an indicator 83 capable of being viewed by the machine operator. The indicator is operatively associated with the upper support shaft 48 via a camming element84, The indicator is supported upon-a pair of dowels 85,86, which pass through slotted holes 87,,88, respectively. As shaft 48 is moved from one position to another, the indicator is correspondingly repositioned within a viewing window (not shown) capable of being observed by the machine operator thus giving a visible presentation the locations of the centers 90 and 91 of the eccentrics may be selected as desired to insure that only a blade in its operative position will be able to engage the backing roller 45.
While the invention has been describedwith reference to an apparatus including a transport means 51-54 and 4043 and the apparatus of this invention 60 and 45 in coaxial alignment it is not necessary for the cutting and perforating apparatus of this invention to be positioned in a transport means. The transport means 51-54 and 40-43 .serves to transport the sheet through the slitting and perforating apparatus 60 and 45' and could if desired be located upstream or downstream spaced from the apparatus 60 and 45. Cooperation between the blades 68 and 69 and the roll 45 or with some other type of operative element is necessary for effective cutting or perforating action.
It .is desirablebut not essential to hold the sheet against the backing roll 45 during slitting or perforating.- If the sheet were not held against the backing roll at all or only by the engagement of the roll with an operative blade 68 or 69 his unlikely that the inoperative blade or blades would be able to act upon the sheet to slit or perfo'rate it due to the absence of any coaction by the. backing means 45. I
The terms cutting or slitting are used interchangeably in accordance withthi's application.
ln-summary then, the apparatus for cutting or perforating a sheet of material in accordance withth'is invention includes a support means arranged adjacent to the path of travel-of the sheet and first and second blades mounted upon the support means for operatingupon the sheet. The blades are movable from an operative position .in the path of travel of the sheet to an inoperative position out of the path of travel of the sheet. The blades are eccentric with espect to one another with the eccentricity of the blades being such that when oneof the blades is positioned in the path of travel of the sheet the other of the blades is positioned out of the path of travel of the sheet; Means are also provided for cooperating with the blades in their operative position for providing effective cutting or perforating action such as the backing roller 45 as well as means for positioning the blades into and out of the path of travel of the sheet.
It should be clear from the present disclosure that the I slitting and perforating device herein described isnot only compact and easily installed in most copying devices but it is also capable of being adjusted to carry out a numer of working functions without the need of dismantling the mechanism involved. While this invention has been described with reference to this structure disclosed herein, it is not confined to the details as set forth and this application is intended to cover any mod- 7 ifications or changes as may come within the scope of the following claims. What is claimed is:
1. An apparatus for perforating a' sheet of material that-is moving along a predetermined path of travel including:
a support means being arranged adjacent to the path of travel;
a first blade ,for operating upon saidsheet mounted upon said support means, said blade being movable between an operative position in the path of travel of the sheet and an inoperative position out of the 10 path of travel of the sheet;
mounted upon said support means, said second blade being movable between an operative position in the path of travel of the sheet andan inoperative position out ofthe path of travel of the sheet, said second blade being eccentric with respect to said first blade, with the eccentricity of said blades being such that when one of said blades is positioned in the path of travel of the sheet the other of said blades is positioned out of the path of travel of the sheet;
means cooperating with saidblades in their operative and means for positioning said blades into and out of the path of travel of the sheet. 2. An apparatus as in claim 1 wherein said first blade I comprises a cutting blade and wherein said second blade .comprises a perforating blade.
3. An apparatus asin claim 2 wherein said blades are slidably positional transverse to the path of travel of the sheet to vary the width of cut taken by the operative blade element.
means includesa shaft having a center and wherein said first blade has a first eccentric center with respect to the center line and wherein said second blade has ,a second eccentric center with respect to the center line and wherein said first and second. eccentric Centers are 40 spaced 'from one anothe'r.
blade and the perforating blade are each mountedto freely rotate upon 'a double eccentric bearing and wherein said each other. r v
6. An apparatus asfin claim 1 wherein said blade cooperating means includes blade backing surface arranged to rotate against the operative blade and wherein said blade cooperating means is adjustable blade backing surface if desired.
'7. An apparatus as in claim 6 wherein said blade cooperating means comprises a backing roller and wherein said backing roller is slidably adjustable with respect to said operative blade.
8. An apparatus as in claim 7 further including means l to bias said operative blade into contact with said backing roller.-
9. An apparatus as in claim 8 further including means for advancing said sheet along said path of travel.
10. Apparatus for cutting and perforating asheet of material that is moving along a predetermined path of travel including: r
a support shaft being arranged adjacent to said path of travel, i
blade holding means afiixed to said support shaft comprising a first sheet cutting blade and a second a second blade for operating upon said sheet 4. Anapparatus as in' claim 3 wherein said supportblades are in face-to-face contact with with respect to said operative blade to provide a fresh 9 sheet; perforating blade being eccentrically mounted upon said shaft wherebyrotation of said shaft positions said first cutting blade into the sheet I portshaft for prepositioning said blade holding means, in a first condition 'wherein the cutting blade is positioned in the path of travel or in a secnd condition wherein the'perforated blade is positioned in the path of travel or'in a third position wherein both blades are retracted from said path of travel. v
11. The apparatus of claim 10 further including a the backing roller in the direction of sheet movement.
15. The apparatus. of claim lfl wherein the blade element is slidably positionable transverse to the path of sheet travel to vary the width of cut taken by a selected blade element.
16. The apparatus of claim 10 wherein the cutting 7 blade and the perforated blade are each mounted to freely rotate upon a double eccentric bearing with their axis eccentric to each other and affixed in eccentric relationship upon a support shaft with the blades in faceto-face contact with each other.
backing roller in parallel alignment with said support shaft on the opposite side of said path of travel to contact a preselected blade positioned in said path of travel;
12. The apparatus of claim 11 wherein said backing roller is arranged to rotate against a blade brought in 17. The apparatus of claim 16 having further means to bias the blades into friction driving contact with the backing roller. I
18. In a feed roll assembly of the type wherein a cooperating pair of pinch rolls comprising a set of driven rolls supported in friction contact with a set of idler rollers to advance a sheet of material introduced therebetween, the improvement comprising; I
an elongated backing roller coaxially aligned with the driven rolls and arranged to move in relation therea blade holding element coaxially aligned with the idler rolls, said blade holding element having a cutting blade and a perforating blade eccentrically mounted within said element, and
- means to rotate the holding element to place one of said blades into .contact with said backing roller whereby a sheet of material advanced through said rolls is acted upon by said one blade.