|Publication number||US3752157 A|
|Publication date||14 Aug 1973|
|Filing date||8 Nov 1971|
|Priority date||8 Nov 1971|
|Publication number||US 3752157 A, US 3752157A, US-A-3752157, US3752157 A, US3752157A|
|Original Assignee||Malmin O|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (83), Classifications (6), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent [191 Malmin DISPOSABLE HEADBAND AND FILTER Oscar Malmin, 127 E. Wayne Ave., Akron, Ohio 44301  Filed: Nov. 8, 1971  Appl. No.: 196,405
 US. Cl. 128/1465  Int. Cl. A61!!! 16/00  Field of Search 128/1467, 142.6,
Primary Examiner-Richard A. Gaudet Assistant Examiner-Henry J. Recla Attorney-J. William Freeman et al.
 Aug. 14, 1973  ABSTRACT A disposable headband and filter bag for use by dentists, doctors and the like. The headband is stamped or cut from a single piece of paper or other similar lightweight,.inexpensive material and has a base or headencircling portion which is perforated at one end and which carries a series of buttons, snaps, projections, or other joining means at the other end. At approximately the midpoint of the blank a top strap integrally projects at substantially right angles, and this also has a plurality of apertures or holes. At about the midpoint of the headband, a supporting member or tab is provided which may be either integral with the band or removable. At one end also a similar tab is provided. When folded or bent, the end with the button or other joining means is brought into engagement with the end with the apertures, and the buttons or joining means engage the apertures, with the presence of the plurality of apertures making it possible to adjust for various head sizes. Similarly, the top strap is connected to the button and is also adjustable. A filter bag is provided and may be secured by strips of elastic or similar material which engage tabs on the filter and the aforementioned tabs on the headband itself.
6 Claims, 4 Drawing Figures PMENIED I 4375 3. 752. 1 5T INVENTOR. OSCAR MALM/N BY jmav y A TTORNEYS DISPOSABLE I-IEADBAND AND FILTER FIELD OF THE INVENTION DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART The following prior art is known to Applicant:
George U.S. Patent 2,620,794 Stanley U.S. Patent 3,088,200 Watts, Jr. U.S. Patent 3,170,461 Sachs U.S. Patent 3,288,138 Brown U.S. Patent 3,531,187
While the above known art shows various types of disposable masks and also various types of headbands or straps, none of the art discloses the particular onepiece headband which is the subject of this application, and furthermore none of the art discloses the adjustability feature which will be described in greater detail below.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It has been found that an inexpensive, yet fully functional headband and filter assembly can be provided by producing the headband per se of paper or similar lightweight, inexpensive material stamped or cut into the form of a blank so that the headband in its flat condition may be a one-piece unitary item.
It has also been found that by providing perforations at suitable places on the blank and projecting buttons or other joining means at equally suitable places, the band can be changed from its flat condition to a condition in which it would fit the head of a wearer and, further, that by providing a plurality of these apertures, the band can be adjusted to fit different head sizes.
It has also been found that by providing either integral or removable depending support or anchoring members or tabs on the headband, that the band can be utilized to support a filter mask which will effectively filter bacteria and other matter both from entering the respiratory system of the wearer and, conversely, from the wearer contaminating the patient.
It has further been found that present forms of filter masking do not allow for the physiologic requirements of respiration and are therefore inefficient and uncomfortable, hence the necessity of allowing room by means of a filter bag of ample proportions to avoid resistance to the force of exhalation, to permit adequate oxygenation of inspired air to reduce the humidity content of the inspired air, and to reduce the temperature of inspired air.
It has been found that the filter above-referred to can be provided with connecting or anchoring tabs or cars, and in this fashion can be securely fastened to the headband and, further, that a fastening can be accomplished by resilient members, such as rubber bands, which will serve to firmly seat the filter on the face of the wearer.
Accordingly, production of an improved headband and filter bag assembly of the character abovedescribed becomes the principal object of this invention, with other objects thereof becoming more apparent upon a reading of the following brief specification considered and interpreted in view of the accompanying drawings.
OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. I is a perspective view of the headband and filter assembly.
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the headband in its flat condition.
FIG. 3 is an elevational view of the filter bag taken from the side thereof which would normally be against the face of the wearer.
FIG. 4 is a partial plan view showing a difierent type of support tab.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring first to FIGS. 1 and 2, it will be noted that the headband and filter bag assembly includes a headband 10 and a filter assembly 20 which are, in use, interconnected by resilient tension members 40,40.
Considering still FIGS. 1 and 2 for a more detailed description of the headband assembly, it will be noted from FIG. 2 that the headband is a unitary one-piece member in its preferred form, which has a headencircling portion 11 and a topstrap 19.
The head-encircling portion 11 has opposed ends 12 and 13, and the end 13 has a plurality of perforations or holes 15,15 therein while the opposed end 12 has a plurality of projecting buttons or other joining means 30,30 and also has a depending tab or support member 14 which is notched as at 14a for purposes which will be described below.
Projecting at approximately right angles to the headencircling portion 11 is a top strap 19 which also has a plurality of holes or perforations 19a,19a at its end.
The head-encircling member 11 also has, at about its midpoint, a plurality of holes 17,17 in the form of the invention shown in FIG. 2. In this form of the invention a second depending tab or support member 16 is provided and may be secured to the holes by means of buttons or other joining means 18,18 which are similar to the buttons or projections or other joining means 30,30 referred to above.
Alternatively, FIG. 4 discloses an integral depending 7 tab 116 so that this can either be made of one piece, or
the tab 16 could be removable.
Referring to FIGS. 1 and 3 then for a description of the filter means 20, it will be noted that the filter includes a base or body portion 21 with a central aperture 22 therein. The opposed ends of the filter include ears or tabs 23,24 which are appropriately notched for purposes which will be described.
Encircling the aperture 22 is a gasket 25 of rubber or some similar material which will fit over the nose, around the mouth, and under the chin of the wearer to effectively seal off the nose/mouth area.
Finally, secured to the body portion 21 is a filter bag 26 which is substantially cylindrical in nature with opposed rounded ends 27,27. While the invention is not intended to be limited to any particular size or form, it is believed that the filter bag should have a minimum volume of about 500 CC. It should be noted that the bag extends downwardly and laterally to avoid obstructing the wearer's vision. For example, additional capacity can be obtained by rounding the ends 27,27 because greater volume can be obtained in this way, and this is one of the preferred areas for obtaining it since expansion of the bag 26 in this fashion and in this area does not impede the vision of the wearer in any way.
With regard to assembly of the headband, it is simply necessary to bend the band from its flat configuration, as shown in FIG. 2, to the configuration shown in FIG. 1, at which time the end 13 will be secured to the end 12 by means of the buttons 30,30 and the holes 15,15. The plurality of holes. of course, permits ready adjustment to various head sizes. Similarly, the top strap 19 is simply arched over, as shown in FIG. 1, and also secured to the buttons 30,30 thereby placing the headband in the configuration shown in FIG. 1 so that it may then be placed on the head of the wearer.
The filter is then secured to the headband by utilization of tension members 40,40 which are mounted on the tabs 23 and 24 of the filter and over the tabs 14 and 16 of the headband. Tension or resilient members are preferred here because they will tend to draw the filter firmly against the face of the wearer to obtain the best sealing effect.
It has been shown, therefore, how an improved headband and filter assembly can be provided by providing a one piece integral headband which can be stamped or cut in a blank form and manufactured from relatively inexpensive materials.
Further, an effective filtering and sealing result can be obtained with a minimum of expense due to the simplicity of the overall system.
While a full and complete description of the invention has been set forth in accordance with the dictates of the Patent Statutes, it is to be understood that modifications may be resorted to without departing from the spirit hereof or the scope of the appended claims.
In this regard it is understood that while paper or similar material has been mentioned, the application is not intended to be limited to any particular material although it has particular utility if an inexpensive material can be utilized so as to make the overall unit economically disposable.
What is claimed is:
1. A disposable headband, comprising:
A. a unitary blank having 1. an inextensible bottom head-encircling portion;
2. an inextensible top strap diametrically disposed on said head-encircling portion;
B. means for adjustably interconnecting said top strap and said bottom head-encircling portion at their point of intersection; and
C. support means projecting downwardly from said bottom head-encircling portion in fixed relationship thereto and including diametrically opposed support members 1. each having an elongated body and rearwardly disposed ear-shaped anchoring tabs defining upper and lower notches a. whereby means for mounting mask retaining means are provided.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein said support means are integral with said head-encircling portion.
3. The device of claim 1 wherein said support means are releasably secured to said head-encircling portion.
4. A disposable headband and filter assembly, comprising;
A. a unitary headband blank of inextensible material having 1. an adjustable bottom head-encircling portion 2. a top strap diametrically disposed on said headencircling portion; B. means for adjustably interconnecting said top strap and said bottom head-encircling portion at their point of intersection; C. a pair of diametrically opposed support means projecting downwardly from said head-encircling portion in fixed relation thereto 1. each having an elongated body and rearwardly disposed ear-shaped anchoring tabs defining upper and lower notches whereby means for mounting mask retaining means are provided thereon; D. a disposable filter having 1. an elongated body with a central opening and ear-shaped anchoring tabs at opposed ends thereof defining upper and lower notches;
2. a gasket secured to one side of said body adjacent said opening and 3. a substantially cylindrical filter bag secured to the opposed side of said body with its longitudinal axis lying in a plane substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of said body;
E. a pair of resilient members each mounted in the notches of adjacent tabs to releasably interconnect said body to said support means.
5. The device of claim 4 wherein said support means are integral with said head-encircling portion.
6. The device of claim 4 wherein said support means are releasably secured to said head-encircling portion. l II t t
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US218976 *||5 Dec 1878||26 Aug 1879||Improvement in inhaler and respirator|
|US695403 *||14 Nov 1901||11 Mar 1902||Andrew Fuller N||Face-protector.|
|US1224039 *||27 Nov 1916||24 Apr 1917||Semen Synohubyk||Protective mask.|
|US1837591 *||8 May 1930||22 Dec 1931||Willson Products Inc||Respirator|
|US3156923 *||20 Jun 1962||17 Nov 1964||Mine Safety Appliances Co||Adjustable headgear|
|US3528415 *||6 Mar 1967||15 Sep 1970||Malmin Oscar||Dental mask|
|GB472897A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5517986 *||28 Sep 1993||21 May 1996||Respironics, Inc.||Two-point/four-point adjustable headgear for gas delivery mask|
|US5724677 *||8 Mar 1996||10 Mar 1998||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Multi-part headband and respirator mask assembly and process for making same|
|US6070579 *||8 Mar 1996||6 Jun 2000||3M Innovative Properties Company||Elastomeric composite headband|
|US6148817 *||23 Jan 1998||21 Nov 2000||3M Innovative Properties Company||Multi-part headband and respirator mask assembly and process for making same|
|US6338342 *||22 Feb 1999||15 Jan 2002||Cabot Safety Intermediate Corporation||Respirator headpiece and release mechanism|
|US6341382 *||6 Nov 2000||29 Jan 2002||Jackson Products, Inc.||One-piece adjustable headgear support|
|US6347631 *||9 Nov 1999||19 Feb 2002||Mallinckrodt, Inc.||Cantilever device and method for breathing devices and the like|
|US6386198 *||11 Dec 1997||14 May 2002||Florence Rugless||Multi-purpose oxygen face mask|
|US6457473||3 Apr 2000||1 Oct 2002||3M Innovative Properties Company||Drop-down face mask assembly|
|US6463931 *||30 Jun 2000||15 Oct 2002||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US6497232||16 Oct 2001||24 Dec 2002||Cabot Safety Intermediate Corporation||Respirator headpiece and release mechanism|
|US6516802 *||2 May 2001||11 Feb 2003||Mallinckrodt, Inc.||Method and combination for treating sleep apnea using a cantilever mask attachment device|
|US6557556||13 May 2002||6 May 2003||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US6691708||29 Aug 2002||17 Feb 2004||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US6732733||27 Mar 2000||11 May 2004||3M Innovative Properties Company||Half-mask respirator with head harness assembly|
|US6860269||4 Oct 2002||1 Mar 2005||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US6973929||17 Dec 2002||13 Dec 2005||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for a facial mask|
|US6997188||15 Sep 2003||14 Feb 2006||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7000614||14 Mar 2002||21 Feb 2006||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same|
|US7100610||16 Oct 2001||5 Sep 2006||Map Medizintechnologie Gmbh||Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas|
|US7234466||4 Nov 2003||26 Jun 2007||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7320323||22 Oct 2002||22 Jan 2008||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Breathing mask device and application device and frontal support device thereof|
|US7341060||26 Jan 2007||11 Mar 2008||Resmed Limited||Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with headgear assembly|
|US7406965||5 May 2004||5 Aug 2008||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7461656||22 Nov 2006||9 Dec 2008||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US7472704||2 Mar 2005||6 Jan 2009||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7503327||9 Apr 2004||17 Mar 2009||Resmed Limited||Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece|
|US7562658 *||22 Jun 2001||21 Jul 2009||Map Medizin Technologie Gmbh||Holding device for a respiratory mask|
|US7610916||28 Aug 2006||3 Nov 2009||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7654263||13 May 2005||2 Feb 2010||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same|
|US7743767||19 Mar 2003||29 Jun 2010||Resmed Limited||Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with frame|
|US7762259||17 Dec 2007||27 Jul 2010||Resmed Limited||Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece|
|US7775209||25 Jul 2006||17 Aug 2010||Map Medizintechnologie Gmbh||Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas|
|US7874291||9 Aug 2006||25 Jan 2011||Resmed Limited||Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with frame|
|US7882837||8 Feb 2011||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US7900635||8 Dec 2008||8 Mar 2011||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US7938116||10 May 2011||Resmed Limited||Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with headgear assembly|
|US7942149||5 Jan 2009||17 May 2011||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for a facial mask|
|US7967014||25 Apr 2006||28 Jun 2011||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Application device for breathing mask arrangement|
|US7992559||28 Nov 2007||9 Aug 2011||Map Medizin-Technologie Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same|
|US8025057||25 Jan 2008||27 Sep 2011||Resmed Limited||Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with headgear assembly|
|US8042546||20 Dec 2007||25 Oct 2011||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US8186348||23 Sep 2009||29 May 2012||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for facial mask|
|US8186352||19 Dec 2007||29 May 2012||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US8210180||30 Jun 2010||3 Jul 2012||Resmed Limited||Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece|
|US8286634||29 Sep 2006||16 Oct 2012||Map Medizin Technologie Gmbh||Holding device for a respiratory mask|
|US8286636||4 Jan 2008||16 Oct 2012||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US8312881||27 Dec 2007||20 Nov 2012||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US8312883||31 Dec 2007||20 Nov 2012||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US8353294||21 Mar 2011||15 Jan 2013||Resmed Limited||Respiratory mask assembly|
|US8371301||9 Jul 2010||12 Feb 2013||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Breathing mask for feeding a breathing gas to a mask user and discharge device for discharging breathing gas|
|US8371302||26 May 2010||12 Feb 2013||Resmed Limited||Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with frame|
|US8402972||27 Aug 2009||26 Mar 2013||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement and a forehead support device for same|
|US8424530||7 Mar 2011||23 Apr 2013||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US8479736||23 Sep 2011||9 Jul 2013||Resmed Limited||Respiratory mask assembly|
|US8479738||20 May 2011||9 Jul 2013||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same|
|US8505535||23 Dec 2009||13 Aug 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8517023||29 Jan 2008||27 Aug 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors|
|US8522784||23 Jan 2013||3 Sep 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8528561||18 Jan 2013||10 Sep 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8550084||27 Feb 2009||8 Oct 2013||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US8646450||29 Mar 2011||11 Feb 2014||Resmed Limited||Forehead support for a facial mask|
|US8746250||28 Jan 2013||10 Jun 2014||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh|
|US8794239||19 Jun 2012||5 Aug 2014||Resmed Limited||Mask with integral cushion and forehead piece|
|US8833370||6 Feb 2013||16 Sep 2014||Resmed Limited||Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with frame|
|US8875710||17 May 2011||4 Nov 2014||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Application device for a breathing mask arrangement|
|US8944058||21 Mar 2014||3 Feb 2015||Resmed Limited||Patient interface device|
|US8944061||15 Mar 2013||3 Feb 2015||Resmed Limited||Cushion to frame assembly mechanism|
|US8960196||29 May 2013||24 Feb 2015||Resmed Limited||Mask system with interchangeable headgear connectors|
|US8985117||14 Sep 2012||24 Mar 2015||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|US9027556||23 Jan 2013||12 May 2015||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US9072853||15 Nov 2010||7 Jul 2015||Resmed Limited||Forehead pad for respiratory mask|
|US9119931||31 Jul 2014||1 Sep 2015||Resmed Limited||Mask system|
|US9144656||21 Jun 2013||29 Sep 2015||Resmed R&D Germany Gmbh||Breathing mask arrangement as well as an application device and a forehead support device for same|
|US20030196658 *||19 Mar 2003||23 Oct 2003||Ging Anthony M.||Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with frame|
|US20040025882 *||22 Jun 2001||12 Feb 2004||Stefan Madaus||Holding device for a respiratory mask|
|US20060137690 *||20 Feb 2004||29 Jun 2006||Gunaratnam Michael K||Nasal assembly|
|US20060162729 *||28 Mar 2006||27 Jul 2006||Resmed Limited||Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with headgear assembly|
|US20060272645 *||9 Aug 2006||7 Dec 2006||Resmed Limited||Ergonomic and adjustable respiratory mask assembly with frame|
|US20070017525 *||29 Sep 2006||25 Jan 2007||Map Medizin-Technologie||Holding device for a respiratory mask|
|US20070062539 *||22 Nov 2006||22 Mar 2007||Resmed Limited||Nasal assembly|
|USD473937||16 Oct 2001||29 Apr 2003||Cabot Safety Intermediate Corp.||Respirator|
|WO2001072156A1 *||10 Jul 2000||4 Oct 2001||3M Innovative Properties Co||Half-mask respirator with head harness assembly|
|U.S. Classification||128/206.12, 128/207.11|
|International Classification||A41D13/11, A41D13/05|
|30 May 1984||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: HILLS FAMILY PRESERVATION TRUST, 3621 FEDERAL WAY,
Owner name: MALMIN, OSCAR
Effective date: 19840322
|30 May 1984||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HILLS FAMILY PRESERVATION TRUST, 3621 FEDERAL WAY,
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:MALMIN, OSCAR;REEL/FRAME:004263/0032
Effective date: 19840322
Owner name: HILLS FAMILY PRESERVATION TRUST,IDAHO
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MALMIN, OSCAR;REEL/FRAME:004263/0032