US 3111208 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
noon AND CASING FOR SHOWER STALL 0R 'mE LIKE Filed April 25', 1961 Nov. 19, 1963 H. GROSSMAN 3 Sheets-Sheet l INV EN TOR:
HAROLD GROSSMAN QVQSMQP ATT'YS Nov. 19, 1963 H. GROSSMAN 3,111,208
DOOR AND CASING FOR SHOWER STALL 0R THE LIKE Filed April 25, 1961 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 HAROLD GROSSMAN BY M ATT'YS Nov. 19, 1963 H. GROSSMAN 3,111,203
DOOR AND CASING FOR SHOWER STALL OR THE LIKE Filed April 25, 1961 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 FIG. 8
INVENTOR: HAROLD GROSSMAN United States Patent 3,111,298 BS5912 AND CAfiING FQR SHGWER STALL 8R TEE HEKE Harold Grosanan, 4531 N. A ers, Chicago, Ill. Filed Apr. 25, 1961, Ser. No. 165,463 6 Qlairns. (Cl. l8946) This invention relates generally to an improved door and casing for a shower stall or the like.
One of the principal objects of this invention is to provide an improved door and casing characterized by a frame having adjustable jambs nested therein making it unnecessary to plumb the casing before hanging the door.
Another object is to provide a casing and jamb assembly wherein the jambs can be readily adjusted to provide a rectangular opening for swinging movement or" the door irrespective of whether the door sill is level so that a good seal is provided between the door and the sill and jambs.
Yet another object is to provide a casing and iamb assembly wherein the jambs may be adjusted in position after the door is hung, so that a proper-sized rectangular opening is provided for the door.
Still another object is to provide a casing and door construction wherein the door can be reversed as desired to obtain either a left or right hand opening.
Another object is to provide a casing structure characterized by a transom resting upon the casing and jarnb members and substantially supporting all the weight of the door.
Yet another object is to provide a door casing and adjustable jamb structure adapted to rest upon a sill which together w: 1 a transom resting upon the casing and jarnbs provides structure for substantially supporting the weight or the door from the transom, and for guiding the door at the sill.
Another object is to provide a door structure characterized by the stiles and rails thereof affording supports for sealing members which seal the door when in the closed position.
Other objects and important features of the invention will be apparent from a study of the following specification taken with the drawings which together describe and illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention, and what is now considered to be it e best mode of practicing the principles thereof. Other embodiments may be suggested to those having the benefit of the teachings herein and such other embodiments are intended to be reserved especially as they fall within the scope and spirit of the subjoined claims.
in the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a door and casing assembly according to the present invention shown in position for enclosing the shower stall, bathtub or the like;
FIG. 2 is a front elevational View thereof;
PEG. 3 is a bottom View of a transom looking in the direction of the arrows 33 of P16. 2;
FIG. 4 is a horizontal section looking in the direction of the arrows 4-4 of HG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a vertical section looking in the direction of the arrows 5-5 of PEG. 2;
Fl'G. 6 is a vertical section looking in the direction of the arrows 6-6 of 2;
PEG. 7 is a vertical section, certain parts being shown in elevation, taken along the line 7-7 of FIG. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows;
PEG. 8 is an exploded perspective view of the casing members of the door and casing assembly seen in PEG. 1, and showing how the nested jamb member may be interchanged with the casing member;
FIG. 9 is an exploded view similar to FIG. 8, but show- "ice ing the manner in which the jarnb member is adjustably secured to a casing member;
H6. 10 is a section taken along the line lil1tl of 1G. 7, looking in the direction of the arrows, showing the manner in which the casing member is lagged to a support, and the manner in which the jamb member is adjustably secured to the casing member;
FlG. 11 is a section to an enlarged scale as compared with FIG. 5, showing the manner in which the door is supported by the transom member and is guided by the sill; and
FIG. 12 is a perspective View showing an abutment member cooperating with the jamb member for adjustably holding the same in position to the casing member.
Referring now to FIG. 1 of the drawings, the improved door and casing assembly according to the present invention is referred to generally by the reference numeral and is shown in position for enclosing the tub 21 which may be positioned between end walls 22 and 23 and against a side wall 2 5. The casing and door assembly 20 comprises a sill 26, casing members 27 and 23 resting upon the sill 2d, and a transom member 29 extending between the casing members 27 and 28 and supported thereon.
Casing and folding and swinging door assembly 2! includes a sash 3d and 32, sash 31 being hinged to sash 32 by a piano-type hinge 33, see FIG. 2. Sash 32 is held by a piano-type hinge 34- to a jarnb 36 which telescopes with respect to the cas ng member 23, details of connection of the jamb to the casing member 28 being described in further detail as this specification proceeds. Sash 31 is adapted upon closing of the door to move into position against a amb 37 which is adjusted in position with the casing member 27. Details or" the connection of jamb 37 to casing 27 will likewise be described in more detail.
Each of the sashes 31 and 52 comprises vertical stiles 3839' and 39-3-8, a bottom rail 41 and a top rail 42,. As seen particularly in H63. 3 to 6 inclusive, these are formed of extruded sections with mitred corners 43 which can be connected in any suitable manner, the mode of connection of the rails to the stiles forming no part of the present invention. The extruded sections forming the stiles and rails are each provided with a groove 44 receiva sealing gasket 46 and a pane of glass 47. A suitable handle 53 may be provided on the outside of the sash 3-1, and a handle 49 may be provided on the other side of the sash 31 for operation of the sashes 31 and 32 from within the tube enclosure, handle 49 being shown in phantom in FlG. 1.
Referring now to FIGS. 10 and 11 of the drawings, the sill 26 rests upon the rim of the tub 2:1 and may be placed in a suitable bedding compound 52. The casing members 27 and 22'; are formed from extrusions, and consist of flanges 53 and 54 connected by a web 56. Web 55 is lagged or otherwise secured to the walls 22,, 23 in any convenient manner such as by screws 57. The jamb members 36 and 37 are adapted to nest or to telescope within the casing members 27 and 23, and each jamb member as and 3'7 has flanges 58 and 59 connected by a web 61. The dimensions of the janib members 36 and 37 are such as to slide snugly between the flanges 53 and 5dof the casing members 27 and 28 as seen more particularly in FIG. 10*.
Each of the jamb members 36 and 37 has spaced rails 62 and 63 formed on the inside of the web 61 and together defining a T-slot 6- A threaded member 66 having a slotted head 67 is threadably engaged with an abutmerit held to the web 56 of the casing members 27 and 28 by screws 68 and as, see also FIG. 12. As seen in F1GS.-10 and 12, the abutment member 65 has a Web 71 with spaced flanges 72 and 73. The outer walls of the flanges 7273 of the abutment 65 are spaced away from the inner walls of flanges 5354- respectively of the casing member 2728, due to positioning of the abutment members 65 in the Webs '56, to allow the flanges 56-59 of jamb members 36-37, to be moved into and within said space by clockwise or counterclockwise movement of the seated bolts or members 66. Thus the jarnb members may be adjusted inwardly or outwardly by turning of the head 67 of the bolt member 66 to obtain a proper-sized rectangular opening with respect to the transom member 29 and sill 26 whereby proper swinging of the doors 31-32 is achieved.
it should be borne in mind that the abutment member 65 is formed by extrusion, and that the web 71 thereof is prererably formed with hollow bosses 74 and 77 to receive respectively the fastening members 63 and 69 which are of the self-tapping type. The hollow boss 76 is preferably tapped to receive the adjusting screw 6-6.
The casing members 27 and 28 are first placed in position and anchored to the respective walls 22, 23. The sill 26 is then anchored in position with the distal ends thereof positioned in the lower ends of the casings 27 and 28, as clearly shown in FIG. 2. Thereafter the jarnb members 37 and 36 are nested or telescoped within their respective casing members 27 and 28. Structure is provided for enabling the head 67 of the threaded fastening member 66 to be engaged within the T-slot 64 formed on the web 62 of the jamb members 36 and 37 without the need of sliding jambmember the full length of its associated casing member. Moreover, structure is provided for adjusting the nested position of the jamb members with respect to their associated casing member so that the jambs 36 and 37 together with the sill 26 provide a rectangular opening for the sashes 31 and 32. Structure is also provided whereby the sashes 31 and 32 may be reversed in their swinging movement in the rectangular opening provided by the jambs and the sash, without the need of providing separate jamb assemblies for each type of swinging movement.
The rails 62 and 63 accordingly are reamed at 78 and 79 equal distances on each side of a hole 81 formed in the web 61 of the jamb members 36 and 37. The diameter of the aperture 8 1 is less than the diameter of the head 67 of the threaded fastening member 66 as seen more clearly in FIG. 10.
It will be seen that the lowermost holes 79 formed in the rails 62 and 6-3 can be placed in alignment with the head 67 of the threaded fastener 66 and then the members 36 and 37 moved down into position where the aperture 81 in the web 61 is in alignment with the head 67 of the fastener 66. At such time the iamb members 36 and 37 bear against the top of the sill 26. By suitably adjusting the threaded member 66 into or out of its boss 76-, the jambs :can be appropriately adjusted with respect to their associated casing members.
As shown in FIG. 8 the jambs 36 and 37 can be interchangeably used in either casing members 27 or 28, but must 'be turned end for end in so doing. Rea-med hole 7 8 then becomes the point where head 67 is guided between the rails 62 and 63, and the jamb is then bottomed against sill 26 as before.
The jambs 36 and 37 can thus be turned end for end and shifted to the opposite casing member 27, 28 for reverse swinging of the sashes 31 and 32. In order to accommodate such reverse swinging the jamb 37 is drilled with holes 82 to accommodate the piano-type hinge 34 which is secured thereto by self-tapping screws 83, and upon such reversal of the sashes 31 and 32, that is to say, turned through 180", the sash will be swung about the jamb 37 which is now engaged in the opposite casing member 28, 27.
The location of the holes 81 in alignment with the slot-ted head 67 of the threaded members 66 is such that the jambs may be adjusted so that a proper closure is made by the sashes 31 and 32 within the opening defined by the jambs 36 and 37 and the sill 26, the openings 81 being out of the plane of the sashes 31 and 32 as seen more clearly in FIGS. 10 and 7.
The transom structure defines with the casing members 27 and 23 and the jamb members 36 and 37 and the sill 26, a rectangular opening, and as seen in FIGS. 5, 6, 7 and ll, the transom member 29 is formed of an extrusion including an upper web member 84 having flanges 86 and $57 which embrace the flanges 53 and 54 of the casing members 27 and 28. The transom member 29 has flanges 83 and 89 extending horizontally inward from the flanges 36 and 37 respectively, and adapted to rest upon the tops of the casing members 27 and 28, and their respective nested jamb members 37 and 36. Flanges 88 and 89 have respectively inturned rail portions 91 and 92 to form a guide, see also FIG. 11, for a nylon roller member 93 having an end land 94 resting upon the rails 91 land 92. The nylon roller member 93 is held by a bolt 96 to a bracket 97 of T-shaped cross section, and having a depending leg 98 held by a self-tapping screw 99 to the upper rail 42 of sash 31. The T-shaped bracket 97 has a T-shaped head 166 seated in a corresponding T-shaped slot 167 formed in the upper rail member 42. Before assembling the T-member as seen in FIG. 2, the nylon roller member 93 is guided on the rails 91 and 92.
The structure just described supports substantially all of the weight of the sash members 31 and 32, there being but little load required on the piano-type hinge 34 connected to the jarnb member 36.
Structure is also provided for guiding the lower forward end of the sash 31 and to this end the sill 26, see particularly FIG. 11, has a T-slot 101 therein which guides a substantially friction-free floating lower guide 102 having a head 102' freely slidable in the slot 101. A pin 103 extends into the lower guide 192 from a block 164 held by selfatapp ing screws 166 threadably engaging the bottom rail 41 of sash 31. s
Structure is provided for diverting water beyond the sill 26 and back into the tub or shower enclosure, and the lower rail 41 has its T-slot 107 receiving a flexible seal 168 having a tongue 109 extending into the shower enclosure and over the sill 26.
In order to effect a seal between the flexible seal 108 and the sill 26 on the outside of the sash 31 and 32, the sill 26 has a T-slot 111 arranged in side-by-side relationship with the T-slot 101 for the lower guide 102, and the T-slot 111 is fitted with a seal 112 which extends between the jambs 36 land 37.
It may be noted that the rails 41 and 42 are formed of identical extrusions and accordingly each has the T-slot 107 therein. The stile 38 on which the handle 48 is mounted moves against the jamb- 37 upon closing of the sash 31 and 32 and is thus enabled to be provided with a lip-type seal 113, see particularly FIG. 4. The stiles 38'39' and 39, which have the piano hinges 33, 34 secured thereto, do not require further sealing and hence they are not provided with the T-slots such as 107.
It will also be noted that the sill 26 is provided with a series of apertures spaced throughout its length providing communication between the interior of the tub and the T-slot 161 to allow any water which might flow in the slot to return to the interior of the tub.
It will be seen from the description foregoing that there has been provided la casing and door assembly characterized by the door thereof being capable of being reversed readily in its opening and closing movement by being hinged to either the right or the left hand jamb. The number of parts inventory is kept to a minimum by making identical casing members, and there is required, irrespective of the type of swinging movement of the door, but two types of nesting jambs. Irrespective of the type of swinging movement there is but one type of transom and seal extrusion required.
While the invention has been described in terms of a preferred embodiment thereof, its scope is intended to be limited only by the claims here appended.
I claim: r
1. A door-mounting assembly comprising,
a. a casing member of channel form having means for anchoring to a wall,
b. an abutment bonded within the casing member intermediate its ends, and
c. a headed screw threaded into the abutment for axial movement normal to the base of the casing member, and
d. a jamb member of channel form for hinging a door thereon and dimensioned for nesting relationship with and longitudinally shiftable relative to the casing member, and having an aperture in the base thereof,
e. parallel-spaced rails extending inwardly from the base of the jamb member throughout the length thereof, defining a T-shaped slot disposed interiorly along the base thereof with the stem portion of the slot opening toward the casing member,
f. the parts of the jamb member rails defining the stem portion of the T-slot being reamed to form an enlarged hole to receive the screw head to permit longitudinal shifting of the jamb and casing members to bring the screw head into the transverse part of the slot and into registration with the aperture in the base of the jamb member for turning the screw to adjust the relative vertical relationship of the jamb and easing members to dispose the jamb member in perfect vertical position relative to the casing member.
2. A door-mounting assembly comprising,
a. a sill member positional horizontally in a doorway,
b. a pair of easing members each of identical form and length and having means for anchoring to a wall with the lower ends abutting the sill member,
0. a pair of abutments each of identical form bonded within each casing member the same distance inwardly from the opposite ends of the respective members, and
d. a headed screw threaded for axial movement normal to the base of the casing member, and
e. a pair of jamb members each of identical channel form and length, which length is the same as that of the casing members, one of which jamb members is adapted for hinging a door thereon for movement into and out of a vertical alinement with the other jamb member, and having a pair of longitudinallyspaced apertures in the base thereof,
1. parallel-spaced rails extending inwardly from the base of the jamb members throughout the length thereof defining a T-shaped slot disposed interiorly along the respective base throughout the length thereof, the stem-portion of the slot opening toward the respective casing member,
g. the parts of the rails defining the stem portion of the T-slot being reamed to form a pair of enlarged holes spaced apart the same predetermined distances respectively from each other and from the opposite ends of the jamb members to receive the respective screw heads when the casing and jamb members are pressed into nested relationship and to permit longitudinal shifting of the respective jamb and casing members to bring the respective screw heads into registration with one of the two apertures in the base of the respective jamb members located intermediate the respective pairs of holes, for turning the screws to adjust the vertical relationship of the respective jamb and casing members to dispose the jamb member normal to the sill member.
3. A door-mounting assembly as set forth in claim 2 wherein the jamb members may be mounted on either of the casing members in reversed end-to-end relationship to permit the hinged door to swing from either side of the doorway.
4. A door-mounting assembly (as set forth in claim 2 wherein the form and dimension of the pairs of easing members and jamb members permit the jamb members to be interchangeably positioned on either of the casing members in reversed end-to-end relationship to hinge the door for swinging in the same direction from either side of the doorway.
5. A door-mounting assembly as set forth in claim 2 but including 11. a transom member having a downwardly open slot extending longitudinally thereof, and
i. a grooved roller set in the transom member slot for travel along the transom member, and having means for suspending the door hinged to the one jamb memher.
6. A door-mounting assembly as set forth in claim 5 wherein the jamb members are dimensioned to have the ends rest on the sill member and the transom member is dimensioned to rest on the operatively-positioned casing and jamb members.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,337,394 Dillingham Apr. 20, 1920 1,348,721 Ketteringham Aug. 3, 1920 1,496,525 Coco June 3, 1924 1,944,440 Lehman Jan. 23, 1934 2,667,218 Collins Jan. 26, 1954 2,747,200 Finkel May 29, 1956 2,795,272 McBerty June 11, 1957 2,856,040 Dansereau Oct. 14, 1958 2,901,037 Yohner et a1 Aug. 25, 1959