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Publication numberUS2911972 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date10 Nov 1959
Filing date14 Sep 1954
Priority date14 Sep 1954
Also published asDE1063340B
Publication numberUS 2911972 A, US 2911972A, US-A-2911972, US2911972 A, US2911972A
InventorsElinger Adolfo Scholcoff
Original AssigneeElinger Adolfo Scholcoff
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hypodermic syringe-ampulla
US 2911972 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 10, 1959 A. s. ELlNGl-:R 2,911,972

HYPODERMIC SYRINGE-AMPULLA Filed sept. 14. 1954 v 2 sheets-sheet 1 una:

I N V EN TOR.

Nov. 10, 1959 A. s. ELINGER HYPODERMIC SYRINGE-AMPULLA 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 14. 1954 IN VEN T01?. BY E United States Patent c HYPODERMIC SYRINGE-AMPULLA Adolfo Scholcol Elinger, Buenos Aires, Argentina Application September 14, '1954, Serial No. 455,913

l1 Claim. (Cl. 12S-216) The present invention relates to a hypodermic syringe ampulla for injectable substances wherein the body portion of the syringe ampulla is provided with creases in its walls defined by crease lines rendering the walls pliable in certain parts in order that the injectable substances contained therein may be expelled by manual plying pressure.

The ampulla may be of any suitable shape with flexible and deformable walls so that the liquid contents may be expelled by manual pressure in the manner of a rubber atomizer, the body portion of the ampulla having a nozzle adapted to receive an injecting needle in such manner that said ampulla, after serving as a container, may be converted into a hypodermic syringe, thereby permitting injection of its contents in a direct manner without loading a syringe from a separate container according to usual practice.

The new syringe ampulla has the advantages of great simplicity and practicabilty and is readily molded from polyethylene or other similar plastic material at low cost as compared with glass ampullas. The present ampulla eliminates the need for conventional syringes as it replaces the same with great advantage.

A further advantage is that sterilization problems are avoided. As only one needle is required for each injection, a number of sterilized needles may be provided for successive injections from a single ampulla, such representing a technical and economic simplification and saving.

By means of the invention greater asepsis can be assured in the injections, as sterilization at the factory is always much safer than that which may be made in boiling water just prior to use.

A still further advantage is that the opening of the ampullas is facilitated without requiring files or other elements which endanger the integrity of the nozzle, and in certain cases of the whole unit, as, by the use of a flexible plastic material, the sealing of the ampullas may be made by a simple stopper or by drilling or perforating in order to receive directly the base of the injecting needle.

The invention is applicable for carrying out injections in medicine and dentistry as well as for veterinary purposes.

The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a vertical section of an Iampulla sealed by a detachable stopper and having a bellows-like body portion;

Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. l after the stopper has been removed and an injecting needle placed in position to convert the device into a syringe;

Fig. 3 graphically demonstrates how an injection is effected by applying pressure to the device to expel liquid through the needle;

Fig. 4 is a vertical section of another shape of ampulla in which the walls are ovoid;

2,911,972 Patented Nov. 10, 1959 Fig. 5 illustrates how an injection is made with the ampulla shown in Fig. 4;

lFig. 6 is a vertical section of another form of ampulla in which the stopper is an isolated terminal which is cut to form an outlet, leaving the nozzle free for application of the needle;

Fig. 7 shows the ampulla of Fig. 6 after the sealing terminal has been cut; and

Fig. 8 graphically demonstrates how the ampulla shown in Figs. 6 and 7 is converted to and used as a syringe.

Referring now to the drawings in detail, a is the body portion of the ampulla which, as already explained, is made of a suitable plastic material, such as polyethylene, which is resistant to attack and to acids in general. In addition, due to the properties of the plastic material, the walls of the body portion of the ampulla are highly ilexible and bellows-shaped so that by pressure of the fingers of one hand, the ampulla may be flattened in the manner of a rubber atomizer.

For this purpose the walls of the body portion a are provided with one or more wall crease lines 1 which define the creases enabling the ampulla to 4be attened axially.

The body portion of the ampulla a is provided with an extension constituting a nozzle 2 which is slightly conical and dimensioned to receive the base 3 of injecting needle b which is similar to a standard hypodermic needle.

The nozzle 2 has an axial bore or conduit 4 for filling and emptying the liquid medicament.

After filling, the nozzle 2 may be sealed in various Ways as by means of a removable stopper 5, or by an adhered stopper 6 which may be cut open, as shown in Figs. 6 :and 7.

The sealed ampullas may be marketed like glass ampullas with their contents of liquid medicaments.

When such an ampulla is to be used to make in injection, no transfer of the ampulla contents is required since the injection can be made directly from the ampulla in accordance with the present invention.

Upon opening a sealed ampulla, a previously sterilized hypodermic needle b is applied thereto as explained above, whereby the ampulla is converted into a hypodermic syringe, inasmuch as the base 3 of needle b, when affixed to nozzle 2, is connected to the ampulla contents for the injection.

The connection of base 3 to nozzle 2 may be effected either before or lafter the hypodermic needle is inserted in the muscle or vein of a patient, depending on the nature of the injecting fluid. By pressing toward each other the fingers of the hand, as seen from Figs. 3, 5 and 8, the injection is elfected. The contents of the ampulla may thus be expelled partially or entirely in response to the amount of linger pressure exerted by the user or operator.

When the injection has been completed, the hypodermic needle is withdrawn and the ampulla may then be discarded as its low cost does not warrant its re-use.

The foregoing is intended as illustrative and not as limitative since variations in details may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined by the appended claim.

I claim:

A hypodermic syringe-ampulla comprising a body portion of flexible plastic material provided with at least one crease line circumferentially disposed with respect to the body portion and whereof all points are equidistant from the body axis, a spout extending axially from one end of the body portion and closed by a seal and the opposite end of the body portion forming a concavo- 3 convex flexible diaphragm coextensive with said crease line; whereby the flexible diaphragm is adapted to receive and respond to thumb pressure for expelling a. liquid in the syringe-ampulla, in which there is only one crease line and the body portion is lenticular. 5

References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PATENTS Lingenfelter Oct. 28, 1952 Smith Ian. 26, 195

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2615446 *15 May 195128 Oct 1952Lingenfelter Paul BHypodermic syringe
US2667164 *19 Mar 195226 Jan 1954Smith Arthur ESyringe
US2667165 *19 Mar 195226 Jan 1954Smith Arthur EDisposable syringe
US2673561 *22 Mar 195130 Mar 1954Peterson Jr Charles BDisposable double-action syringe
US2688964 *26 Dec 195114 Sep 1954Smith Arthur ESyringe
US2696212 *28 Sep 19517 Dec 1954Russell P DunmireHypodermic syringe
US2717598 *21 Nov 195213 Sep 1955Louis R KrasnoHypodermic syringe
CH28009A * Title not available
FR1028415A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3111145 *29 May 195919 Nov 1963Kerns HomerBellows pump for blood transfusions
US3190619 *27 May 196322 Jun 1965Union Carbide CorpFluid mixing container assembly
US3192925 *25 Aug 19616 Jul 1965Cunningham James RobertDisposable syringe device
US3276632 *2 Apr 19654 Oct 1966Stanzel George ARepellent fluid-dispensing weapon
US3319632 *31 Aug 196416 May 1967Henry BurbigCigarette moistener
US3337039 *27 May 196322 Aug 1967Union Carbide CorpFluid storage mixing and dispensing containers
US3340869 *20 Jul 196412 Sep 1967Bane ArthurCollapsible ampoules
US3343232 *21 Jan 196626 Sep 1967Capparella Anthony CSelf-lubricating pins
US3473524 *23 Jan 196721 Oct 1969Britampoula AgSyringe ampoules
US3989045 *28 Aug 19742 Nov 1976Eck William F VanHypodermic syringe
US4349129 *3 Dec 197914 Sep 1982The Procter & Gamble CompanyPortable, measured volume dispenser
US4738379 *13 May 198619 Apr 1988Colpo Co., Ltd.Cartridge and its extractor
US5019048 *10 Jan 199028 May 1991Margolin George DUnit dose syringe with rotatable needle
US5102398 *18 Sep 19907 Apr 1992Farris Barry LPlungerless syringe
US5261881 *9 Mar 199216 Nov 1993R. Myles Riner, M.D., Professional CorporationNon-reusable dispensing apparatus
US5333761 *16 Mar 19922 Aug 1994Ballard Medical ProductsCollapsible bottle
US5348173 *20 Sep 199120 Sep 1994Norwood Peter MCollapsible-stackable plastic container
US5370626 *26 Jul 19936 Dec 1994Farris; BarryPlungerless syringe
US5538506 *3 Nov 199323 Jul 1996Farris; BarryPrefilled fluid syringe
US5624407 *4 Apr 199429 Apr 1997Claro; Jorge A. R.Medication injecting device and accessories therefor
US5976115 *9 Oct 19972 Nov 1999B. Braun Medical, Inc.Blunt cannula spike adapter assembly
US629615025 Feb 19992 Oct 2001Barry FarrisMedicinal dosing apparatus and method
US65470999 Aug 200115 Apr 2003Barry FarrisMedicinal dosing apparatus and method
US844949321 Jan 200828 May 2013Eilaz BabaevUltrasonic syringe method
US20120199611 *1 Oct 20109 Aug 2012Marcos Antonio QuimentonArrangement for a dropper
EP0123164A1 *28 Mar 198431 Oct 1984Jiri HolasekPackage
EP0310227A1 *29 Jul 19885 Apr 1989Waverley Pharmaceutical LimitedInjection device
WO2004009149A2 *21 Jul 200329 Jan 2004BiofrontDevice for protecting a needle-type invasive element
Classifications
U.S. Classification604/216, 215/900, 215/382, D24/115
International ClassificationA61M5/28
Cooperative ClassificationY10S215/90, A61M5/282
European ClassificationA61M5/28E1