US 2658379 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 10, 1953 F. R. ALLN 2,658,379
PORTABLI BRICK wALL Filed March 3, 1947 a sheets-shee: 1
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ATTD RN EYB INov. 10, 1953 F, R, ALLEN 2,658,379
PORTABLE BRICK WALL Nov 10, 1953 F. R. ALLEN PORTABLE BRICK WLL Fil'e March 8, 1947 s s'heets-shee: s
INV EN TOR.
Patented Nov. 10, 1953 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PORTABLE BRICK WALL Frank Richard` Allen, Roxbury, Mass.
ApplicationMarch 3, 1947, Serial No. 732,069
This invention' relates tov building V`walllconstructions Vand more particularly to a building Wallwhich is made up of pre-.constructed sections of' large dimension and adapted to bezlocked together to provide a complete wall.
It is an object. of the present invention Vto provide a unit wall section having a brick 'facing anda cement backing which is of simple construction, which are easy to .match withone another for 'providingzthe final wall assembly, and whichare adequatelyreinforced and connected together by reinforcing pipes which extend Vertically through the sections and adapted to be connected together by elements extendedpart way into them fromboththebottom and the top.
It is-another object of thepresent Ainvention to provide inza section 'wall formed of briclrs-'anci cement. reinforcingv elements which serve 1 as means to which bracketscan beattached and embedded in the cement and extended. laterally from the face of thewallthereof so as to support an angle iron for atfioor without having to provide a vcutout portion in the section with which to make the connection with the floor.
It is another object of the present invention to provide in fastening devices' for connecting the wall Sections Vertical elements adapted to extend through pipe and be connected together sothat the Wall will be tied continuously by elements extendingfrom'the bottom section to the top Isection and whereby to provide a continuous Vertical reinforcing structure for a wall in its entirety.
For other objects and for a better understanding lof the invention, reference may behad to the following detailed description taken in .connection with the accompanying drawng, in which:
Figi is a front faced view of a building wall section and looking upon the bricks thereof.
Fig. v2 is a top plan view of the invention shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a bottom -plan view of thesection shown in Fig.. 1.
Figs. 4 and 5 are respectively vertical'sectional views taken on lines 4-4 and 5-5 of Fig. 1 and looking in the direction of the arrows thereof.
Fig. 6 is a front face view of an assembled Wall at the location where two Sections have been connected together and w'here plates are securedto the front and rear faces of the wall to receive the cement for finally fixing the Sections together.
Fig. 7 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken on line 1-1 of Fig. 6 and looking in the direction of the arrows thereof and upon the threaded sleeve adapted to receive the attaching bolts for securing the form plates to the wall.
F'ig. 8 is a fragmentary top plan view looking down lupon the Sections in assembled condition as shown in Fig. 6 with the plates on the front and rear faces of the sections and looking into the space to receive the connecting cement.
Fig. 9 is a vertical cross-sectional viewtaken at the connection of the Sections to-one another and as viewed online 9-9 of Fig. 6 and looking in the direction of the arrows thereof.
Fig. 10 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a wall showing the manner in which the vertically extending pipe reinforcing members are connected together vertically as the Sections are stacked one upon another.
Fig. 11 is a similar view to Fig. 10 showing how the pipes at the rear of the wall are connected together as the sectons are extended upwardly one `above the other.
Fig. 12 is a perspective view of the 'Z Vmember' which is disposed at the bottom of the section, there being two' such members for each section, and the top ends being adapted to have the reinforcing pipe connected or welded to it.
Referring now tothe figures, l5 represents one section. Each section comprises a front layer of bricks mortared together and as indicated at Hi. At the edge of the section alternate bricks extend out of the side of the section to receive in the space between `them .the 'brick layers of the other section which lis brought next to it. 'These bricks which are extended are indicated at one side at H and at the other side at 18. In rear of the brick section IG is. a concrete section [9 through whichV there are extended front reinforcing'pipes 2| and rear reinforcing pipes 22. There are more of these rear reinforcing pipes 22 and each of such' pipes carries laterally extending bracket members 23 `embedded in the concrete and extending out of the rear face so as to receive an angle' bar 24' on which fioor girders 25 can be readily rested.
At the bottom of the section [5, the concrete IS is rearwardly. offset as indicated at 26.V This concrete formation 26 iwill rest in an openingor recess at .the rear of the section as indicated at 2`I,v whereby the wall 'Sections will overlapl one another at top and bottom locations.
The front reinforcing pipes 2| extend downwardly and are welded to a transverse portion 28 of a Z-shaped supporting member 29. The pipe will extend into a hole 30 land is welded to the same. The Z-member drops down and has a bottom laterally and rearwardly extending portions 3|, Fig. 12. This portion 3| will extend under the bottom of the formation 26 to support the same and serve as a rest when the section is united With a bottom section. The thickness of the Z-member along these laterally extending portions 23 and 3| is such that no added thickness will be given to the mortar between the sections. They will serve as vertical spaces as the sections are being assembled onto the soft mortar. In order that the Z-members 29 can be adequately secured into the concrete there are provided a plurality of projections 33 about which the concrete will be extended.
The plates 23 are welded at their inner ends to the pipe 22. Also there is secured to the pipe below the plate 23 a bracket brace member 34.
In securing the sections together one section is placed on top of the other. The front pipe 2| of a top section is extended down over a rod or connecting unit 31 and connected to a preceding rod by a square threaded projection 38 fitted into a square threaded hole in the upper end of the preceding connecting rod. The preceding rod will extend half the distance up into the section and the following rod will fiil the remainder of the pipe and will extend in turn up about half the distance for the connection of another section. These rods can be inserted by a special tool fitted into a bayonet slotted formation 39 on the upper end of the rod. The rods can be extended into the pipes after the sections have been assembled by the use of such a tool which Will extend down into the pipe and have connection with the slotted formation 39.
The rear pipes 22 also have rods extended into them. There rods are indicated at 4| and are slightly diiferently formed. lSuch rods have projections 42 on their leading ends adapted to be seated into recesses 43 in the upper ends of the rods. Each recess has bayonet slots 44 with which connection can be made with a tool for the purpose of properly locating the rods within the pipes.
Referring now particularly to Figures 6, 7, 8 and 9, the connecting ends are shown established together to receive the connecting concrete. Within the sections there are located respectively internally threaded sleeves 41 and 48. These sleeves are embedded in the cement material and are located at vertically spaced locations within each of the sections. To these internally threaded sleeves 41 and 48 there are respectively connected plates and 52 by bolts 53 and 5|, Fig. 7. These plates are placed on the wall temporarily and before the connecting concrete is poured from the top of the sections and into a space 55 shown in Fig. 8. After the connecting cement has hardened the plates 5| and 52 are removed. A solid building wall will have been formed.
While various changes can be made in the detailed construction it shall be understood that such changes shall be within the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claim.
A preformed building wall faced section comprising a front brick portion and a rear concrete portion on the rear of the brick portion said brick portion having at the opposite sides of the section the ends of the altemate bricks extend- "I ing outwardly of the sides of the brick portion with the alternate bricks spaced from one another so that when the sides of two sections are placed in contacting relation with each other the outwardly extending alternate spaced bricks of one of the sections will extend between the outwardly extending alternate spaced bricks of the other sections, the bottom of the concrete portion having a depending portion integral therewith with the lower longitudinal edge of the depending portion depending below the lower longitudinal edge of the brick portion and offset therefrom, a recess in the top longitudinal edge of the concrete portion in alignment with the depending portion and of substantially the same cross-section so that a depending portion of another section can be disposed in the recess on the top of said first section during the construction of the wall with the brick portions of the sections in the same vertical plane, reinforcing pipes extendlng throughout the height of the concrete portions with certain of said pipes in the depending portion and other pipes within the concrete portion extending along the recess, and a Z-shaped reinforcing member spanm'ng the concrete portion and the brick portion and being secured to the concrete portion and the last named pipes so that a portion of said member engages the lower longitudinal end of the depending portion, another portion of the reinforcing member engages the face of the depending portion offset from the front brick portion and a third portion of the reinforcing member contacts the remaining portion of the lower longitudinal edge of the concrete portion and the lower longitudinal edge of the brick portion so that said latter portion will engage the upper longitudinal edge of a section on which the first section is positioned to form a support for said first section during the building of the wall construction.
FRANK RICHARD ALLEN.
References Cited in the file of this patent UNITED STATES PA'I'ENTS Number Name Date 755,122 Fisher Mar. 22, 1904 1.031,050 Conzelman July 2, 1912 1,107,428 Likes Aug. 18, 1914 1,251,276 Peter Dec. 25, 1917 1.499,483 Simms July 1, 1924 1,544,478 Payne June 30, 1925 1,559,582 Nelessen Nov. 3, 1925 1,809,504 Carvel June 9, 1931 1.982.217 Luehrs Nov. 27, 1934 2.017.587 Dennis Oct. 15, 1935 2,122,696 Poston July 5, 1938 2,222,576 Schauble Nov. 19, 1940 2,234,797 Burner Mar. ll, 1941 2,248,348 Hall July 8, 1941 2,372,038 Westveer Mar. 20, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 382,723 Great Britain of 1932 402,426 Great Britain of 1933