Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2645463 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date14 Jul 1953
Filing date11 Feb 1949
Priority date11 Feb 1949
Publication numberUS 2645463 A, US 2645463A, US-A-2645463, US2645463 A, US2645463A
InventorsStearns Reid F
Original AssigneeStandard Oil Dev Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method and apparatus for continuous flow mixing
US 2645463 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 14, 1953 R. F. STEARNs METHOD AND APPARATUS FR CONTINUOUSFLOW MXING Filed Feb. 11, 1949 vtion of the fluids. ing handled, the conventionalsystems may re- Patenfed July 14,1953

UNITED STATES PATENT oF FICE METHOD AND APPARATUS Fon coN- rlNUoUs FLOW MIXING Reid F.4 StearnspElizabeth, N. J., assigner to Standard Oil Development Company, a corporation of Delaware Application February 11, 1949, serial No. 75,840A

1 1 The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for continuous flowmixing, and, more particularly, to such method and apparatus in which mixing or blending is accomplished primarily by inducing turbulent Ilow in each of a plurality of streams of iluids immediately prior to the union of such streams in a common conduit.V

In any mixing operation, the mixing action may be conceived of as taking place in two phases. The iirst phase consists of the rough inter-dispersion of the two components or rough distribution utilized Without regard for the dual nature of the Y operation, the initial distribution and subsequent homogenization being effected concurrently. `The fluids to be mixed are brought'together in the presence of mechanical mixing aids such as i oriiice plates, baiiles, stirrers, and the` like, and subjected to intensive churning and Iagitation as they are passed through the mixing apparatus. Ordinarily, little or no distinctionin the method ofoperation is made between the handling of readily miscible materials and dinicultly miscible materials, and, in fact, readily miscible materials may frequently be processed by means primarily suitable for creating dispersione `of immiscible materials. Under such circumstances, 4it has been found that when immiscible fluids are being i handled, the use of conventional methods and v claims; (o1. 259-4) apparatus mayre'sult in problems of emulsion l formation or ineiiicient, and incomplete combina- When miscible fiuids are be mixing of easily miscible materials with possible` elimination or modification of secondary mixingl devices. A

The invention and its objects may be more fully understood from the following specification Y mon conduit 3.

. 2V when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawingainfwhich Y Figure 1"is a cross-sectional view through a line now mixing apparatus according to the invention; n l

Figure 2 is a similar view through another form of the apparatus used; and

Figure 3 is a similar view through a modified form of apparatus.

Referring more speciiically to the drawings,l in I Figures l and 2, the Aapparatus is illustrated at a T-branch conduit connection, in which the T-branch arm portions I and 2 areprovided for introduction of the respective fluids to be mixed,

turbulence inthe stream of iiuidpassing through thhe respective arm portions. A means for inducing turbulence in the respective streams of lluid may be .any -conventional means such as baiiies, orifice plates, spirals, or the like. As shown, suchrmeans consists of a spiral member 4 supportedwithin each conduit in spaced 'relation to the conduit Walls as by rods, arms, or link membersa'. The elements 4 are disposed in the conduits in spaced relation to their discharge end portions la and 2a, sov that, upon entering the mixing zone, the ilow ofrnuid from the conduits will have an optimum degree of turbulence, Preferably, the introduction of one stream of Iiuid into the other streamV is accomplished as shown, at right angles to the line of flow of the otherstream, and to the line of flow through the common conduit, but other methods or means for combining the streams may be employed. For example, the one turbulent stream may be fed into the other in substantially opposed or countercurrent relation, as through one arm of a Y-connection, or even in directly opposed relation, as illustrated inV Figure 2. takes place in the common conduit for said fluids. While such mixing may be substantially con-.- tinued for the` total length of such common conduit, particularly where difcultly miscible materials are being handled, in general, substantially complete mixing of the materials will take place in a zone extending from about the point of originalcontact of the turbulent streams discharged through conduits I and 2, toa point immediately beyond such contact point inthe com- This general mixing zone is indicated in Figures 1 and 2 by dotted lines and the numeral 5. A particular characteristic of Mixing of the fluids is shown as provided for connection with threev individual conduit elements Il, I2 and I3, having discharge end portions Ila, ,I2a and I3a.

respectively, opening into the vconduit `3. In the discharge end of each of the individual conduit elements is provided aV means lfor inducing turbulent flow vin the iiuid stream passed through the respective elements. In the modication shown, such means for inducing turbulent now 3. A method according to claim 1, in which said turbulent flow streams are combined by introducing one of said streams into another substantially at right angles to the line of flow of said other stream.

4. Apparatus for continuous flow mixing of Y `iiuids, comprising a conduit for one of said fluids,

is in the form of orifice plate members IIb, I2?) and I3b respectively. In this modification, two

of a third fluid by Way of line I3. .In eiect, the

baffle members I5 tend not only to induce turbulent flow in the combined stream passing through vthe conduit 3 immediately prior to the introduction of the third uid through the lineV I3, but also serve as a means for homogenizing the mixture of fluids produced in the mixing zone I4, so that the fluid introduced by Way of conduit I3 is combined in the conduit 3 with av substantially homogeneous fluid mixture rather Vthan being added to a partially formed mixture of uids previously introduced into the conduit.

,Additionaliluids to be included in a final mixturel may be introduced beyond the mixing zone I3 by provision offsuitable conduit connections and turbulence-inducing elements comparable to those indicatedby the numeral I5. In either the apparatus, as shown by Figure 3, or that illustrated in Figures 1 and 2, the common conduit 3 may discharge either directly into a receiver for the lmixed fluids, where readily Vmis- 'cible materials are being handled, or may be connected to a secondary mixing device for final homogenization of the fluid mixture, Where substantially immiscible or diflicultly miscible ma- .terials are being handled.

What is claimed 'isr l `1. A method of continuous flow mixing, comprisingV passing each stream of a plurality of y fluid streams to be mixed through a confined flow path for said stream, inducing turbulence in each of said streams during passage through said confined flow path therefor, producing a pluralityof individual 'turbulent ow streams, and immediately thereafter combining said.V turbulent flow streams in a common, confined flow path as a single turbulent stream of fluid.

2. A method according to claim 1, in which said turbulent flow streams are combined by introducing lone of said streams into another in a substantially opposed flow relationship.


a conduit for another of said fluids, said conduits each having a discharge end opening into a common conduit for said fluids, and turbulent flow inducing means in each of the conduits for the respective fluids to be mixed, said means disposed in substantially closely spaced relation to the discharge ends of said conduits opening into said 'common conduit for said fluids.

5. Apparatus according to claim 4, in `which the conduit for one of Vsaid fluids is one arm of a T-branch conduit connection, the common conduit for said fluids is an opposite arm of said connection, and the conduit for anotherof said uids ,is the third arm of said connection, having a discharge end opening at right angles into said first-mentioned T-branch arms at their 6.`Appara'tus for continuous flow mixing of fluids, comprising a common conduit forA combined flow of a plurality of fluids, conduit means for introducing each of a plurality of fluids to be mixed into said common conduit, each vof such conduit means having a discharge end portion opening into said common conduit, and

turbulent flow inducing means in each of said conduit means for the respective fluids, disposedV in the discharge end portions of said conduits immediately upstream from the opening of said discharge ends into said common conduit.

7. Apparatus for continuous 110W mixing of fluids, comprising a common conduit fojr combined ow of a plurality of fluidstobe mixed, individual conduit means for each r of said plurality of fluids, each having a discharge end opening into `said common conduit in spacedrelation along the line of iiuid flow therethrough, turbulent flow inducing means in each of said individual conduit means for said uids to be mixed immediatelyV adjacent and upstream from each conduit discharge end, and turbulent flow inducing means in said common conduit for the combined fluids disposed upstream from and immediately adjacent to the opening into said common conduit of the discharge end ofv an .in--

dividual conduit means for one of the respectiv fluids to be mixed. y


Number Name Date 1,154,868 McHenry Sept. 28, 1915 2,005,800 OBoyle June 25, 1935 FoREIGNPATENTs Y Number ACountry Date 61,786 Norway Dec. 18, 1939 370,154 Great Britain Apr. '7,1932 529,512

Germany July 17, 1931

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1154868 *24 Nov 191328 Sep 1915Clyde D MchenryEmulsifier.
US2005800 *14 Jul 193425 Jun 1935Hugh WrightMixing apparatus
DE529512C *17 Jul 1931Arca Regler A GVorrichtung zum Mischen von Faserstoffen mit Wasser
GB370154A * Title not available
NO61786A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2704206 *21 Jan 195415 Mar 1955Crook IsadoreMixing and dispensing device
US2831754 *10 May 195422 Apr 1958Jones & Laughlin Steel CorpSolvent extraction process
US2957491 *10 Dec 195625 Oct 1960George W Hicks JrCombined reservoir and chemical mixer
US3049415 *16 Dec 195714 Aug 1962Donald J HansenApparatus for mixing fuel with air
US3089683 *8 Jun 196014 May 1963James M AdamsMixer for viscous liquids
US3105778 *12 Jun 19591 Oct 1963Kaiser Aluminium Chem CorpHeating and mixing methods
US3108060 *10 May 196022 Oct 1963Phillips Petroleum CoLoop reactor and process for sulfonating asphalt
US3119704 *4 Dec 196128 Jan 1964Dow Chemical CoPreparation of aerated cementitious products
US3153578 *3 Nov 195920 Oct 1964D W GalbraithReactor apparatus
US3199738 *28 Nov 196210 Aug 1965Sweden Freezer Mfg CoBeverage dispensing head
US3219483 *27 Jul 196223 Nov 1965Escher Wyss GmbhApparatus for continuous gelatinization of starch
US3284164 *16 Dec 19648 Nov 1966Hach Chemical CoApparatus for automatic analyzing
US3361412 *6 May 19642 Jan 1968Austin ColeFoam mixing head
US3468322 *24 Jul 196723 Sep 1969Dow Chemical CoDissolving solids in solvents
US3494999 *8 Dec 196610 Feb 1970Du PontMixing and casting lactam compositions
US3499632 *8 Feb 196810 Mar 1970Sinclair Research IncMixing apparatus
US3647187 *3 Aug 19707 Mar 1972Technicon InstrStatic mixer and method of making same
US3810415 *13 Oct 197214 May 1974Manus J MacWhipping apparatus
US3868967 *16 Feb 19734 Mar 1975Shropshire Kenneth WAdapter for mixing fluids
US4083207 *9 Jul 197611 Apr 1978Carl Lennart EkstroemApparatus for the wet treatment of textile materials
US4274749 *1 Oct 197923 Jun 1981Clow CorporationPolymer dispersion device
US4305669 *24 Apr 198015 Dec 1981Hope Henry FMixing apparatus
US4332483 *8 Feb 19801 Jun 1982Hope Henry FMixing apparatus
US4357110 *17 Sep 19792 Nov 1982Hope Henry FMixing apparatus
US4386855 *25 Jun 19817 Jun 1983The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyHigh pressure mechanical mixer for epoxy compounds
US4506987 *8 Sep 198226 Mar 1985The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of EnergyHigh pressure liquid chromatographic gradient mixer
US5351523 *21 Jan 19934 Oct 1994Tsi IncorporatedApparatus and process for determining filter efficiency in removing colloidal suspensions
US5374396 *5 May 199220 Dec 1994Tsi IncorporatedSyringe injection system for measuring non-volatile residue in solvents
US6086241 *12 Jul 199411 Jul 2000Siemens AktiengesellschaftCombined mixing and deflection unit
US6241379 *5 Feb 19975 Jun 2001Danfoss A/SMicromixer having a mixing chamber for mixing two liquids through the use of laminar flow
US7060225 *22 Mar 200413 Jun 2006Northeastern Ohio Universities College Of MedicineSelf-contained assay device for rapid detection of biohazardous agents
US78118117 Jun 200612 Oct 2010Northeastern Ohio Universities College Of MedicineSelf-contained assay device for rapid detection of biohazardous agents
US794749224 May 2011Northeastern Ohio Universities College Of MedicineDevice improving the detection of a ligand
US7959800 *14 Jun 2011Robles Antonio TMethod for preparing acidic solutions of activated silica for water treatment
US807975120 Dec 2011M-I L.L.C.Apparatus for homogenizing two or more fluids of different densities
US8579495 *19 Sep 200712 Nov 2013Basf SeProcess for mixing a liquid or mixture of a liquid and a fine solid present in an essentially self-containing vessel
US870229914 Nov 201122 Apr 2014M-I L.L.C.Apparatus and method for homogenizing two or more fluids of different densities
US905212129 Nov 20129 Jun 2015Intelligent Energy, LlcMobile water heating apparatus
US932859115 Mar 20133 May 2016Enservco CorporationAir release assembly for use with providing heated water for well related activities
US20040185551 *22 Mar 200423 Sep 2004Northeastern Ohio Universities College Of MedicineSelf-contained assay device for rapid detection of biohazardous agents
US20060056271 *12 Sep 200516 Mar 2006Mukesh KapilaApparatus and method for homogenizing two or more fluids of different densities
US20060285433 *20 Jun 200521 Dec 2006Jing-Tang YangFluidic mixer of serpentine channel incorporated with staggered sudden-expansion and convergent cross sections
US20070042489 *7 Jun 200622 Feb 2007Northeastern Ohio Universities College Of MedicineSelf-contained assay device for rapid detection of biohazardous agents
US20080074944 *19 Sep 200727 Mar 2008Basf AktiengesellschaftProcess for mixing a liquid or mixture of a liquid and a fine solid present in an essentially self-containing vessel
US20080080303 *2 Oct 20073 Apr 2008Anemos Company Ltd.Fluid mixer, fluid mixing apparatus, and nozzle member
US20080247266 *22 Aug 20079 Oct 2008Christian SchlummerMetering device
US20090032075 *11 Oct 20085 Feb 2009Applied Materials, Inc.Methods and apparatus for liquid chemical delivery
US20100047920 *25 Feb 2010Northeastern Ohio Universities College Of MedicineDevice improving the detection of a ligand
US20100155643 *20 Jan 201024 Jun 2010Robles Antonio TMethod for preparing acidic solutions of activated silica for water treatment
US20100226198 *9 Sep 2010M-I L.L.C.Apparatus and Method for Homogenizing Two or More Fluids of Different Densities
US20150013986 *30 Sep 201415 Jan 2015Heat On-The-Fly, LlcWater heating apparatus for continuous heated water flow and method for use in hydraulic fracturing
DE2430487A1 *25 Jun 197428 Aug 1975Sauter AgVorrichtung zum mischen von mindestens zwei gasfoermigen oder fluessigen oder koernigen medien
EP1634640A2 *12 Sep 200515 Mar 2006M-Il.L.C.,Apparatus and method for homogenizing two or more fluids of different densities
EP2735604A1 *22 Nov 201228 May 2014Castrol LimitedMethod of preparing a lubricant composition
WO2014033178A1 *28 Aug 20136 Mar 2014Basf SeMethod and device for feeding at least one chemical substance into a main process stream
U.S. Classification366/158.5, 366/181.5, 48/180.1, 48/189.1, 138/44, 137/896, 366/340
International ClassificationB01F5/04
Cooperative ClassificationB01F5/0403
European ClassificationB01F5/04C