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Publication numberUS2612348 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date30 Sep 1952
Filing date14 Sep 1949
Priority date14 Sep 1949
Publication numberUS 2612348 A, US 2612348A, US-A-2612348, US2612348 A, US2612348A
InventorsCatallo Leo
Original AssigneeWheel Trueing Tool Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Diamond set core bit
US 2612348 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 30, 1952 CATALLO DIAMOND SET CORE BIT Filed Sept. 14, 1949 4 LIII Patented Sept. 30, 1952 DIAMOND SET CORE BIT Leo Catallo, Detroit, Mich., assignor to Wheel Trueing Tool Company, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Application September 14,1949, Serial No. 115,618

1 Claim. (01. 255 -42) This invention relates to a core bit andmore particularly to a diamond set core bit for drilling oil wells. I

As is customary in drilling operations, a drilling annular body I I, formed of metal or of a metallic inner'and outer surfaces I2 and I3 are substanfluid, or drilling mud as it is called, is pumped 5 tially cylindrical and are relieved at their ends, down through the hollow drilling head assembly as at I5 and IE, to form annular shoulders that to flow outwardly over the workin face of the lie inlongitudinally spaced planes. Said shouldrill bit and upwardly in the hole or well. In ders l5 and 16 have functional purposes in conthe case of diamond set bits, surges in the fluid nection with the other elements of the drilling pressure at the bottom of the hole will often cause head assembly with which the core bit [0 is to be bumping of the working end of the bit against associated in the setting up of the drilling equipthe bottom of the hole with consequent damage ment. The convex end surface I4 smoothly joins to the diamonds by being broken against hard the inner and outer cylindrical surfaces I 2 and formations. Such surging may be due to pump l3 but with a curve of lesser radius to form the surges or to faulty pump circulation, but bump- 5 inner contour [1 than the radius of the curve ing may also be caused by the provision of Water ming the outer contour l8. courses in the working face of the bit of insufiih Surfaces 4 and I3 constitute the workvcient volume to accommodate the Volume of ing face of the core bit and, for this purpose, are culating fluid that must escape from the inside set with abrasive particles, or diamonds, indicated of the t to t t i if balanced flow is to be 20 at i9. The diamonds H! are individually set in maintained. If an out-of-balance condition obthe mold usedin making the core bit l0, and are tains, sufficient pressure may build up to lift the arranged n predetermined P s and With bit up off the bottom of the hole, with the result v rying lengths of the diamonds pro rudin from that when this excess pressure is relieved sudh fac f the y, r in W ch the demy, the eight of t drilling equipment may diamonds are set. For instance, the diamonds force the bit down against the bottom of the hole l9 over the end surface [4 protrude rather subwith a striking blow that may break the diamonds stantiaily f m the Surface in Which y are set, in the working face of the bit. but the diamonds, indicated at I9a. along .the Ihave now found that by a proper construcouter cylindrical surface I3 gradually become tion and design of a diamond set core bit and flush :with the surface down toward the lower with a novel arrangement of water courses, the d, or shoulder I 6 of said surface, tendency of excess-fluid pressure to build up and he Working face of the core bit is provided relieve itself in the manner described is largely With a plurality of symmetrically arranged radiminimized or even eliminated entirely. This reating grooves 20, which serve as water courses for sult is accomplished in accordance withthe prine ow of drilling fluid from the interior of the ciples of my invention I by providing auxiliary drilling assembly radially aCI'OSS e Working face water grooves in a novel and effective arrangef he core bit and upwardly along the outer ment with respect to the working face of thecore surface Is. Said main water grooves 20 lie in bit and the positioning of the diamonds, or other planes P g through the axis of the core bit abrasive particles, set therein. 40 and divide the Working f ce of the core bit into It is therefore an important object of this in sector-shaped portions indicated at S. The main vention to provide a diamond set core bit of novel grooves 20 are segmentally circular in cross section and improved construction and design in the use d are of substantially uniform cross section of. which there is less tendency of thediamonds roughout their lengt t m a g n the inbecoming ke by percussiv impact against Side at the shoulder 55, asat 20a, and at the hard drilling formations. outside at the shoulder I6, as at 2017. In addi- *(Dther and further important objects of this tion to the main water grooves, there are the invention 111 be v arent from the disclosures usual junk grooves 2!, of which four are shown in the specification and the accompanying ,drawequi-sp about t periphery f the core bit. ings v The junk grooves are for facilitating theescape Asshown on the drawings: 0f junkiron that may be found in the hole, pro- Figure 1 is a bottom plan view of a diamond vided the junkiron is in small enough particle set core bit embodying the principles of my insize. In order to prevent damage to the diamonds vention. of the core bit, allforeign objects should be kept Figure 2 is a sectional view taken substantially o fthe 11018, Or should be removed before along the broken linen-11 of Figure 1. Starting the diamond d g operation.

on the drawings; My observations as to the operation of dia- The reference numeral 10 ndicates generally mond set core bits provided with water courses a diamond set core bit embodying the principles arranged as are the water courses 20 in the ac of my invention. Said core bit I0 comprises an companying drawings have led me to the con-v lieved ends lying in axially spaced planes, abrasive particles set in said working face and extending in rows diverging outwardly over said, convex end surface and in generally parallel rows extending axially along said inner and outer surfaces, the abrasive particles in said outer surface lying substantially flush therewith but those in said end surface protruding substantially therefrom. said surfaces being provided with main water courses lying in planes through the axis of said body and extending transversely of said body across'all of said surfaces to the relieved inner and outer ends and dividing said end SUI- face into sector-shaped portions, said end and outer surfaces being provided with auxiliary water grooves intermediate said water courses and beginning near the middle of said sector- -shaped portions and extending therefrom along I said end surface and said outer surfaces to the relieved end of said outer surface.

LEO CATALLO'.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS OTHER REFERENCES Diamonds, by Carroll Deely, World Oil, Oct. 1947, pages 87-90.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2381415 *19 Nov 19437 Aug 1945Williams Jr Edward BDrill bit
US2493178 *3 Jun 19463 Jan 1950Williams Jr Edward BDrill bit
US2495400 *3 Jun 194624 Jan 1950Williams Jr Edward BCore bit
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2809808 *21 Feb 195515 Oct 1957Wheel Trueing Tool CoDiamond set core bit
US2838284 *19 Apr 195610 Jun 1958Christensen Diamond Prod CoRotary drill bit
US2838286 *19 Apr 195610 Jun 1958Christensen Diamond Prod CoRotary drill bit
US2990897 *8 Mar 19574 Jul 1961Drilling & Service IncAbrading element inset bit having improved circulating characteristics
US3100543 *31 Oct 196013 Aug 1963Tri Dia IncDrill bit for cutting cores
US3135341 *4 Oct 19602 Jun 1964Christensen Diamond Prod CoDiamond drill bits
US3283836 *17 Aug 19648 Nov 1966Exxon Production Research CoDiamond-type drill bit
US3692127 *10 May 197119 Sep 1972Hoffman Diamond Products IncRotary diamond core bit
US4281722 *15 May 19794 Aug 1981Long Year CompanyRetractable bit system
US667924322 Aug 200120 Jan 2004Chien-Min SungBrazed diamond tools and methods for making
US688415527 Mar 200226 Apr 2005KinikDiamond grid CMP pad dresser
US708992518 Aug 200415 Aug 2006Kinik CompanyReciprocating wire saw for cutting hard materials
US712475327 Sep 200224 Oct 2006Chien-Min SungBrazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US720164529 Sep 200410 Apr 2007Chien-Min SungContoured CMP pad dresser and associated methods
US758536614 Dec 20068 Sep 2009Chien-Min SungHigh pressure superabrasive particle synthesis
US810446411 May 200931 Jan 2012Chien-Min SungBrazed diamond tools and methods for making the same
US825226314 Apr 200928 Aug 2012Chien-Min SungDevice and method for growing diamond in a liquid phase
US839393422 Oct 200812 Mar 2013Chien-Min SungCMP pad dressers with hybridized abrasive surface and related methods
US83984665 Jul 200819 Mar 2013Chien-Min SungCMP pad conditioners with mosaic abrasive segments and associated methods
US862278718 Mar 20107 Jan 2014Chien-Min SungCMP pad dressers with hybridized abrasive surface and related methods
US877769921 Sep 201115 Jul 2014Ritedia CorporationSuperabrasive tools having substantially leveled particle tips and associated methods
Classifications
U.S. Classification175/405.1
International ClassificationE21B10/48
Cooperative ClassificationE21B10/48
European ClassificationE21B10/48