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Publication numberUS2604104 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date22 Jul 1952
Filing date15 Mar 1950
Priority date15 Mar 1950
Publication numberUS 2604104 A, US 2604104A, US-A-2604104, US2604104 A, US2604104A
InventorsSamuel Perlin
Original AssigneeSamuel Perlin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Toupee
US 2604104 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

S. PERLIN July 22, 1952 TOUPEE Filed March 15, 1950 mmvroa SAMUEL PERU/V Patented July 22, 1952 -Application Mareh 15,195llifSriatNd. 149,8 1f i I 1'? Thisinventi'onis directed; to anovel toupee and to a simplified method of :making suchtoupee. Hithertothe entire scalp was covered by a toupee eventhough partly bald. This type of toupee was quite, expensive and required an inside adhe- 'sive strip over wide areas. Moreover theold type of .toup'ee employed: .a' cloth mesh which not i only extended tunsightly beyond the hair line but also required adhesive to hold it in place. The invention has: for its primar object to providea fragmentaryztoupee complementary to the head of hair for! effectively covering the bald area only:- Ano'ther. object resides in the provision I of a toupee of the character referred to which maybe quickly'and easily applied to cover the-bald area only, which is more economical to produce as the entire scalp need not-be covered; which is neater in appearance, which. stays set and which has :"no anterior: part extending beyond the hair line.-. Another important'jobject resides in an economical method 'of 'forming a toupee complementary to the head ofhair to conform to the contour of 'the'bald area of. the'scalp. Other important aspects-advantages and features of the invention will appear from the following 'de- ,1-3 creams... (01.132 53). 1-

tailed description taken with the: accompanying drawings wherein: I

Fig; 1 shows a thin sheet'of plastic out of which the toupeeis formed in-accordance with-my in'-' vention.-'" *Fig. 2 'is a plan view of a head of a person having a portion thereof bald. -Fig. 3- is a view similar to Fig.-2 but with pencil oi -crayon marking thereon to outlinethe bald area on which is adhesively secured strips of Fig. 4 is a front elevational view of Fig. 3 but illustrating the head covered with a soft molding clay or hydrocolloid composition for obtaining an exact impression of the head, namely; a negative offthehea'd ormatrix. Fig. {is a'cross,s'ectional view of the negative formedin'Fig. 4 together with the plaster of Paris complementary positive. I

Fig. dis a 'front view of the positive.

is plan view of the positive along the line 15-1 1" Fig.6 illustrating thestrip receiving bo sesrm ,1 Fig .8-is a cross sectional view ofthepositive. on; theline 88 of Fig. 9 wherein the periphery ofi .-the' .bald zone or area 'has been indented or grooved. 2

Fig.9 is a plan'view on the line 9-4 of Fig. 8. .;.c1.igi.10. shows the;sheets'ot plastic'of Fig. '1

phragr'n orhair carrier. l 1

interposed and processed between the positiveof Fig. 8 and the companion negative of Fig. 5.. Fig. 11 is a planview-of the template or dia-- phragm cut-from the processed plastic sheet after removal from the negative and positive shown in Fig.. 1215a cross sectional view on the'li'ne l2-1-'l2--'of-Fig.-l1. i Fig. 13: is-a front elevational view-of thev dia-' phragm or mask shown in 11', however, partly broken away. a Fig. 14' illustratesforaminated. I 1 Fig. 15 is 'a' longitudinal sectional view of Fig. 11 illustrating the posterior'boss'es of-the' diathe diaphragm of Fig; 11

V Fig. 16' is a view similar to Fig. 151b1it showing adhesive strips confined'in-the posteriorbosses; Fig; "17"iS a? plan view of the diaphragm 'orhair carrieradhesively secured to the bald section of ahead of hair and fixedly carrying hair' matching the headofhairu Fig. 18 is a view similar'to Fig. 16 but-.witli suction cups arranged within the bosses;

Fig. '19 is an enlarged fragmentary view of Fig.

Fig. 20 is a" front and partly-sectional-view-of a diaphragm or mask according to the invention but vcarr yinga conventional-and full toup'een 1 Referring to the drawings and more" particu larly to Fig. 2 the head H 'shown is partly bald. According to. the herein method, anoutline in pencilv'or crayon is. first made on the sca1p,-con-' forming to the bald area BA to beco'ver'ed by the toupee". Thereafter spaced adhesive strips I] and the elongated adhesive strip l2 are secured onto the bald area as shown in Fig. 3. Subse quently: the head is covered with a soft molding clayorxhydrocolloid composition 'for desirably casting an impression of the top of the-head. Thisi'cast hardens and may be quickly removed from thehead. This cast'maybe-consideredasj a matrix ornegative N of the head H. Utilizingv negative N, a complementarypositive P is cast from plaster of Paris (Fig. 5) and'when removed-from the negative embodies spaced bosses l3 and'the upstanding rib I4, conforming respectively to the spaced strips II and the elongated strip l2 and except for both of the latter-, the positive cast P' (Fig. 6) identically follows and-conforms to the contour of the top of the head shownin Fig. 2 and especially em plied in an appropriate press (not'shown) for a suitable time, thus conforming the sheet to the contour of the bald area and to embody the spaced upstanding hollow bosses H, the upstanding re inforcing and hollow rib I9 and the peripheral or marginal indentation I8 (Fig. 10). -The sh'eet S is softened almost to a fluid state andwhen placed under pressure between the positive and 4 of construction and arrangement of parts without departing from the spirit of the invention or sacrificing any of the advantages thereof inherent therein.

I claim:

1. A toupee for covering the bald area of a head of hair, comprising; a relatively thin, relatively rigid and resilient arcuate membrane cono m n 5 to id 11 5. imentary' to saidfhead offhair, hair; secured to said membrane for covering the u per surface thereof, and adhesive strips carried by the under surface of said membrane for gripping said bald 2 A toupee for coveringthe bald area only of a head of hair', comprising; a relatively thin but negative (Fig. 10), the plastic material flows into Y T grooves I5 to form indentation l8. .Sheet S after processing-is removedfrom'the negative and positive and the diaphragm or hair carrier Tis cut therefrom to include the peripheral depending downwardly and outwardly sloping margin or lip '20. -.Diaphragm ormaskT is a relatively thin arcuate member, flexible and resilient and follows .identicallyzthe contour of the bald area. Within the recesses.:-l.8.'-.defined byspaced bosses. I] adhesive strips 2|iare secured and within the elongated grooves 22 of rib l9, adhesive strip 23 is retained. Strips 2| and. 23have their adhesivecoatings. facing downwardly for firmly gripping the scalp. after the arcuate diaphragm or membrane T is properly positionedon the bald zone. By such actionthe beveled margins or peripheral lip firmly bear into the scalp and form, a close and fine fit with the hair line. Diaphragm or carrier .T after processing-has effectively secured theretojsuitable hair HR .(Fig. 17). matching the naturalhairNH, thus ,forming a fragmentary .toupeeyor hair carrying mask complementary to .the remaining part of the natural head ofhair.

In accordance with the preferred embodiment ofthe present invention, the toupee masks only the uncovered hair area of the scalp andis not flimsyand need not be delicately handled. Once it is securedjto the head. it remains in a-setpositionby reasonof the adhesive strips.:,-In addition since the bald area ;on1y;need be. covered appreciable savingsin' cost take place;

.In the form illustrated in Fig. 14, the membrane T is. along the. lines of Fig. 15. and :is provided' with a multiplicity of perforations for.ventilatingpurposesz- In Figs.- 18 and 19 suction cups are secured within bosses H for; gripping the diaphragm or. mask T to the scalp. :In Fig. 20, the diaphragm is :in accordance with that shown in Fig. 13 but instead of having a fragmentary part of the head of; hair, hasfixedly secured thereto an oldtype of toupee having the usual mesh M carrying hairHH covering-the entire head. For purposes of specification, rib ..l-9;,may..also be considered as a hollow bossxextending. upwardly from-the upper surface .of the. membrane or, diaphragm j T to constitute proiectingi means while the peripheral'lipnifl may be 'said to be:

. biased or inclinedrelative. :to, thebodyof-ihe.

diaphragm or membrame -I' separated from the p o s ee :8 n cut ing; .alongithe lower medial portion or vertex of the *ygshaped groove.

IB indentedin sheets Various changesymay abermade in the steps l ef. themethod jherein disclosedandin the. details.

resilient arjcuate membrane conforming in shape to said area and complementary to said head of hair, hollow boss means projecting from the upper surface of said membrane, hair secured to said membraneand-extending from said upper surface, and strip. means .secured to-the inner upperwall of said boss means and carryinga lower adhesive coating for. removably gripping said bald area. i

.3. A toupee for covering the bald areaonly of a head of hair, comprising; a'relatively.-thinbut resilient arcuate membrane conforming in :shape to said area and complementary tosaidheadof hair, hollow andspaced boss means projecting from theupper surface of said membrane, hair ,secured to said membrane andextendingfrom saidupper surface, and a strip ,secureduwithin the ,inner wall of each of said bossmeanszand carrying a lower adhesive. coating. for. :removablygrippingsaid baldarea 4. A toupee for, covering fthebald area on1y;o' f a. head of hair, comprising; "a relatively; thin: but resilient arcuate membrane conformingimshape' to1 said area and complementary" to. saidaheado'f hair and :having a. peripheral. sloping lip, hollow boss means projecting from the upper. surface of said membrane, hair secured to saidmembrane and. extending from said upper surface, and adhesive; strip meanswwithin said. boss means for removably gripping saidbald'area. 1 5. A toupee for covering the. bald area onlyof ahead of hair,,.co mprising; a relativelythin but resilient arcuate membrane conforming in shape to said area and complementary to said headof; hair, hollow boss means projecting fromtheupper surface of said membrane hollowrib means extending from said surface, hair secured-tosaid membrane and extend-ing from said-upper surface, and adhesive means secured within said boss means and rib means for removably grip-1 p ne sa bald a 6. As anew article of manufacture, amasl; for covering the bald area only of aheadof hair, comprising; a relatively thin but resilient arcuate membrane conforming in shape to said areaand complementary to said head of hair, hollow boss means projectingupwardly from said membrane, adhesiveistrip' means secured within "said jboss means for removably gripping said area. 7. The'herein described method of making a toupeewhich comprises ;--forming a'relative'ly rigid and-thin resilient membrane conforming to the shape and area of the bald zone only of-ahead of hair; interrupted by said bald zone,' s'ecuri-ng ,8. The herein described method of making a toupee which comprises; forming a membrane conforming to the shape and area of said bald zone only of a head of hair interrupted by said bald zone and concomitantly forming spaced hollow bosses projecting upwardly from said membrane and a peripheral lip, securing hair to said membrane to extend from the upper surface thereof, and securing adhesive strip means within said bosses.

9. The herein described method of making a toupee, which comprises; outlining the bald area interrupting a head of hair, applying adhesive strip means to parts of said area, forming a negative of said head and concomitantly impressing said outline on the insidesurface of said negative and simultaneously interrupting said surface with recess means complementary to said strip means, casting a positiv of said negative and concomitantly impressing said outline thereon and simultaneously forming projecting means within said outline and complementary to said recess-means, interposing a preheated sheet of plastic material between said positive and negative, applying pressure to said positive and negative to impress said outline and to conform said sheet to the external contour of said positive and provide hollow boss means thereon complementary to said projecting means, removing said sheet from said positive and negative, severing from said sheet the outline of said bald area to form an arcuate membrane, applying hair to said membrane to cover the upper surface thereof, and securing adhesive strip means in said hollow boss means.

10. The herein described method of making a toupee, which comprises; outlining the bald area interrupting a head of hair, applying adhesive strip means to parts of said area, forming a negative of said head and concomitantly impressing said outline on the inside surface of said negative and simultaneously interrupting said surface with recess means complementary to said strip means, casting a positive of said negative and concomitantly impressing said outline thereon and simultaneously forming projecting means within said outline and complementary to said recess means,

indenting said positive to provide a downwardly converging groove, interposing a preheated sheet of plastic material between said positive and negative, applying pressure to said positive and negative to impress said groove in andconform said sheet to the external contour of said positive and provide upwardly extending hollow boss means thereon complementary to said projecting means, removing said sheet from said positive and negative, cutting said sheet along the medial portion of said groove impressed therein to form an arcuate membrane, applying hair to said membrane to cover the upper surface thereof, and securing adhesive strip means in said hollow boss means. r

11. As a new article of manufacture, a mask adapted to substantially cover the bald area only of a head of hair, comprising a relatively thin but resilient arcuate membrane conforming in shape to said area and having a peripheral margin conforming to the peripheral edges of the hair line bounding said bald area, said mask including recess means, and adhesive means secured to the upper wall of said recess means and having a lower coating for remoyably gripping said area.

12. The article according to claim 11 further characterized in that portions of said peripheral margin diverge downwardly and outwardly relative to the body of said mask to constitute a beveled face.

13. The article according to claim 4 wherein longitudinally arranged rib means interrupt said membrane adjacent a portion of said peripheral lip.

SAMUEL PERLIN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1464089 *13 Feb 19227 Aug 1923Richard ErnestPlastic hair work and method of constructing same
US1906954 *9 Oct 19312 May 1933Max Factor & Co IncMethod of measuring for toupees and the like
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3077891 *16 Mar 196119 Feb 1963Lord & Lady Windsor IncToupee and method of manufacture
US3557803 *3 Oct 196826 Jan 1971Bosshard ErnestMethod of making a capillary prosthesis
US3626954 *23 Apr 196914 Dec 1971Donald W OstromMethod of forming hairpiece
US3695278 *27 Oct 19703 Oct 1972Rieger ArnulfDevice for covering a partial baldness
US4205693 *6 Feb 19793 Jun 1980Gene MalloufWig
US4865057 *28 May 198712 Sep 1989Braun Edward HApparatus and method for making hairpieces undetectable
US5060677 *1 Dec 198829 Oct 1991Duffel Dale LMethod for construction of hairpiece and article thereof
US5851079 *25 Oct 199622 Dec 1998The Procter & Gamble CompanySimplified undirectional twist-up dispensing device with incremental dosing
US7797070 *12 Jan 200914 Sep 2010Centertrak, LlcSystem and method for the digital specification of head shape data for use in developing custom hair pieces
WO1990008485A1 *2 Feb 19899 Aug 1990Dale L DuffelHairpiece and method of constructing same
Classifications
U.S. Classification132/53
International ClassificationA41G3/00
Cooperative ClassificationA41G3/00
European ClassificationA41G3/00