|Publication number||US2544343 A|
|Publication date||6 Mar 1951|
|Filing date||11 Feb 1950|
|Priority date||11 Feb 1950|
|Publication number||US 2544343 A, US 2544343A, US-A-2544343, US2544343 A, US2544343A|
|Inventors||Miller Homer H|
|Original Assignee||Gen Electric|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (20), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 6, 95 H. H. MILLER 2 544343 comc'ron BLOCK wrm smm RELIEF Filed Feb. 11, 1950 Inventor: Homerl-i. Mil ler,
9 His Attorney.
Watented Mar. 6, 1951 UNITED smrg CONNECTOR BLOCK WITH STRAIN RELIEF Homer H. Miller, Bridgeport, Conn, assignor to General nlectric Company, a corporation of New York Application February 11, 1950, Serial No. 143,727
This invention relates to a support for electrical appliances, but is more particularly useful in electrical heating appliances such as Wfillle irons or sandwich grilles where the support also serves as an entrance housing 101' the electrical cord through which power is supplied to the appliance.
Means must be provided for heat insulation between the body of an appliance of the above description and a supporting surface which may have a finish that will be damaged by the heat of the appliance. This heat insulation means often comprises supports of a suitable heat insulation material, such, for instance, as a molded phenolic resin. Electrical insulating means must also be provided for the electrical interconnections between the power lead-in conductors for bringing'power into the heating device and the electrical heater elements within the device which are of an entirely different structure. These interconnections are often insulated and supported by means of a small terminal board. Means must further be provided for restraining longitudinal movement of the lead-in conductors with respect to the heating device. This feature is often referred to as strain relief. Strain relief is necessary in order to prevent outward movement of the lead-in conductors, or a pull thereon, from causing a disconnection between the lead-in conductors and the heater element or from causing movement of the heater element out of its proper operating position within the device. The strain relief in conventional devices is often provided by an expedient such as tying a knot in the lead-in conductor cord at a point on the cord immediately within the appliance housing. The knot is generally satisfactory for this purpose except that the sharp bends of the lead-in conductors at the knot are likely to lead to physical breakage and failure of the insulation. Further means must be provided in devices of the above description for preventing injury to the lead-in conductor insulation at the point of entry into the appliance housing due to wear and abrasion of the conductors against the edge of the conductor opening in the housing. This means is often provided by a rubber grommet, a small, doughnut-shaped, insulating and abrasion resisting member which lines the opening.
While the above features of conventional household appliances are satisfactory, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved electrical appliance which is characterized by lowerfirst cost, greater simplicity, and a more pleasing appearance by means of a unitary structure which combines all of the above functions.
Accordingly, this invention generally consists in a support for an electrical. appliance which provides heat insulation, electrical insulation at the terminal connections between the lead-in conductors and the heater element, conductor strain renef, and conductor abrasion resistance at the point of entrance into the appliance.
For a more complete understanding of this invention, reference should be had to the following specification and the accompanying drawing in which Fig. l is an end view of an electrical heating appliance incorporating this invention; Fig. 2 is a bottom view of a portion of' the appliance showing the support of this invention with the cover substantially cut away; Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the support of this invention before assembly, together with the cover therefor; and big. 4 is a sectional view of a portion of the appllance and the support of this invention through the section 4-4 of Fig. 2.
Referring more particularly to the drawing, in Fig. 1 there is shown an electrical heating appliance I, such as a sandwich grille, incorporating the support 2 of this invention. Other supports 3 are provided which may be of the same structure as support 2, but are preferably of a simpler structure. The heating appliance consists of an upper section 4 and a lower section 5 having grids 6 between which food to be cooked may be placed. Electrical heating elements (not shown) are provided within the device adjacent the grids 6. Suitable handles 1 (only one of which is visible) are attached to lower section 5 for lifting and moving the device. The upper section 4 is hingedly mounted on lower section 5 by means of hinges 8, and a handle 9 is provided for opening the appliance by raising upper portion 4. Lead-in conductors l0 are provided which enter the device through the support 2. These lead-in conductors may comprise a conventional flexible rubber-covered two-conductor cord having a conventional plug connector ii at the terminal thereof. The structure of handle 9 forms the subject of my concurrently filed co-pendihg patent application, Serial No. 143,729, and other features of the structure of this appliance, ineluding the electrical interconnection structure bctween upper section 4 and lower section 5, form the subject of my concurrently filed co-pending patent application, Serial No. 143,728. Both of these applications are assigned to the same assignee as the presentinvention.
For a further description of this invention, attention is now directed to Fig. 2, a bottom view of a. portion of the appliance showing details of the construction and assembly of support 2 and associated components; and Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the body and cover of the support before assembly. Referring to Fig. 3, the support 2 is comprised of a body portion l2 and a cover plate [3. Both of these parts may be made of a material such as a phenolic resin which serves as a .good heat insulator and electrical insulator. The body portion I2 is of a cup shape, having a generally hollow interior with a slotted opening at i l for the entrance of conductors it, shown in Fig. 2, but having protrusions i5, it, and i? extending from the inner walls of the hollow interior of the body to form a tortuous path for the conductors l between the entrance at It and a point at 3 within the support. Thm tortuous path provides the strain relief, referred to above, for the conductors H] which, because of the natural stiffness of the conductors and because of the high coefficient of friction of the insulation material which covers the conductors, is very adequate for the purpose. Therefore, a normal pull on conductors Ill at a point outside of the support will not result in any force on the conductors beyond the point i8.
The protrusion i1 is more elaborate than the others since it includes a hub portion l9 and auxiliary protrusions 20 and 2| from the hub which form important portions of the walls of the tortuous passage mentioned above. Through the center of hub is there is an opening at 22 for the reception of a screw fastening 23 for connecting the support to the shell of the lower portion of the heating device I. This connection is best shown in Fig. 4. Cover plate i3 also has an opening at 24 for the reception of the same screw and is thereby assembled and held over the opening of the body portion 12 of the support. As shown in Fig. 3, and particularly in Fig. 4. the protrusions l5, I6, and I! do not extend downwardly as far as the lower edges of the outer walls of the body portion I2. The lower edges 25 of the downwardly-extending walls therefore completely surround the periphery of cover plate l3 except for the discontinuity at opening I4, and these lower edges are in contact with the supporting surface since they extend downwardly farther than any other portion of support 2.
Beyond the point l8. the conductors ID are separated and lead into spaces separated by a barrier 26 and respectively enclosed by the outer support wall and hub l9. In these spaces the conductors iii are respectively connected at points 29 to a second pair of insulated conductors 28 by which power is conveyed to the electrical heating elements (not shown) within heating appliance I. These connections may be made by any suitable method such as by tubular metal sleeves of conductive material into the respective ends of which the wires to be Joined may be inserted. Each sleeve may then be mechanically deformed by pressure applied by a suitable tool to collapse the sleeve walls to establish apermanent, mechanically firm, and electrically conductive solderless connection. Since the barrier completely separates these electrical connections at 29. the tubular connectors themselves may be left uninsulated without any danger of a short circuit. The conductors 28 may be relatively inflexible as compared to conductors l0 and are preferably covered with insulation which is adapted to withstand the high temperatures expected within the heating device. This is in contrast to the insulation on conductors In which is not designed to withstand high temperatures but for other features such as flexibility and resistance to mechanical wear at ordinary temperatures.
Referring to Fig. 4, conductors 28 pass through an opening 30 in the upper wall of the body portion 12 and into section 5 of heating device I through an opening 3| therein. At this opening there is an outwardly-extending lip 32 which extends into a counterbore 38 in the upper surface of body portion if at the opening it. The flanged opening at at in the shell and the opening at 30 in the body portion provide a smooth wall passage for the conductors 2B. The protrusion of lip 22 into the counterbore 33 also serves to prevent rotation of the support 2 with respect to the appliance about the axis of screw 23. In this connection, a small downwardly-projecting arch or dimple 34 extends from the lower surface of section 5 into a small circular depression 35 in the upper surface of body portion i2. Arch 3%, therefore, also serves to position and prevent rotation of the support.
From the above description it will be seen that this invention provides an improved support for an electrical appliance which lowers the cost of the appliance, while, at the same time, provides greater simplicity and beauty by combining the functions of heat insulation, mechanical support, electrical insulation for the connection of leadin conductors to the appliance, strain relief, and abrasion resistant entrances for the lead-in conductors.
Accordingly, while a particular embodiment of the invention has been shown and described, it will be obvious to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the invention in its broader aspects and, therefore, it is the aim in the appended claim to cover all such modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
An electrical appliance including a lower shell and a plurality of supports under said shell, one of said supports comprising a body member including peripheral side walls which are continuous except for a conductor opening, partitions within the interior of said body member forming a tortuous passage leading away from said conductor opening into the interior of said body member, a pair of conductors leading from the exterior of said appliance into said passage, a second pair of conductors leading from within said appliance into said body member, an insulated interconnection area within said body memher having an insulating barrier for providing two respectively insulated spaces therein, a connection between one conductor of one pair and one conductor of the other pair in each of said spaces. a hollow hub portion in said body, a fastening device within said hollow hub portion for fastening said body member to said shell, a cover plate for said support held in assembled relationship with said body portion by said f astenin: device to substantially completely close said body member, depressions on the surface of said body member adjacent to said shell and protrusions extending from the surface of said shell into said depressions to prevent rotation of said body member about said fastening device.
HOMER H, MILLER.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,224,585 Abbott Dec. 10, 1940 2,486,195 Munsey Oct. 25, 1949 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 450,673 Germany Oct. 8, 1927
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2224585 *||26 Jul 1939||10 Dec 1940||Gen Electric||Handle structure|
|US2486195 *||18 Oct 1945||25 Oct 1949||Munsey John H||Multiwire connector|
|DE450673C *||31 May 1925||8 Oct 1927||Dreefs Ernst||Symmetrisch geteilter Stecker|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2913712 *||3 Jul 1957||17 Nov 1959||Lee Katherine L||Anti-shoplifting alarm device|
|US2951436 *||6 Jan 1955||6 Sep 1960||Proctor Electric Co||Toaster structure|
|US3271013 *||27 Mar 1964||6 Sep 1966||Sunbeam Corp||Mixer|
|US3516046 *||27 Feb 1968||2 Jun 1970||William A Gettig||Edge connector for printed circuit board|
|US3879571 *||7 May 1973||22 Apr 1975||Reed Samuel M||Cable mount for speaker installation|
|US4081659 *||12 Nov 1976||28 Mar 1978||General Electric Company||Coffeemaker with electrical cord strain relief|
|US4162561 *||16 Nov 1977||31 Jul 1979||U.S. Philips Corporation||Strain-relief device for a cable|
|US4224465 *||22 Mar 1979||23 Sep 1980||International Standard Electric Corporation||Labyrinth path multiple cable holder with strain relief|
|US4988831 *||28 Sep 1989||29 Jan 1991||Ncr Corporation||Strain relief apparatus for relieving strain on a cable of an electronic device|
|US5006960 *||11 Jan 1990||9 Apr 1991||Ncr Corporation||Means for routing connection cables out of a table top terminal|
|US5595532 *||20 Oct 1995||21 Jan 1997||Waxing Corporation Of America, Inc.||Electrically-powered polisher|
|US5642008 *||20 Oct 1995||24 Jun 1997||Waxing Corporation Of America, Inc.||Power tool motor assembly|
|US5678272 *||20 Oct 1995||21 Oct 1997||Waxing Corporation Of America, Inc.||Power tool having a quick release system for attaching a working element|
|US5713758 *||1 Aug 1996||3 Feb 1998||Black & Decker Inc.||Cordlock retention|
|US5794300 *||21 Oct 1996||18 Aug 1998||Waxing Corporation Of America, Inc.||Power tool|
|US5830047 *||4 Nov 1996||3 Nov 1998||Waxing Corporation Of America, Inc.||Electrically-powered polisher|
|US6168507||5 Oct 1998||2 Jan 2001||Waxing Corporation Of America, Inc.||Electrically-powered polisher|
|US6290587||20 Feb 1998||18 Sep 2001||Wilton Tool Company, Llc||Electrically-powered polisher|
|US6592441||18 Jul 2001||15 Jul 2003||Whm Tool Group, Inc.||Electrically-powered polisher|
|USD617603||5 Oct 2009||15 Jun 2010||Hamilton Beach Brands, Inc.||Coffee grinder with integrally stored brush|
|U.S. Classification||439/457, 99/378|