|Publication number||US2425245 A|
|Publication date||5 Aug 1947|
|Filing date||30 Mar 1945|
|Priority date||30 Mar 1945|
|Publication number||US 2425245 A, US 2425245A, US-A-2425245, US2425245 A, US2425245A|
|Inventors||Johnson Conrad B|
|Original Assignee||Johnson Conrad B|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (83), Classifications (15)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1947- c. B. JOHNSON 2,425,245
CUSHION GRIP FOR AIR HAMMERS AND THE LIKE Filed March 50, 1945 IN VEN TOR. CONRAD B. JbHNSON ATTozNE Y6 Patented Aug. 5, 1947 CUSHION GRIP FOR AIR HAMMERS AND THE LIKE Conrad B. Johnson, Eau Claire, Wis
Application March 30, 1945, Serial No. 585,783
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in handles for air hammers, rock drills, and various other devices of the general character which do their work by repeated impact into or against the material being worked upon, and more particularly relates to an improved cushion grip for such handles adapted to prevent the transmission of vibration and shock from the handle of the air hammer to the operators hand and arm.
It is well known that air hammers, rock drills, and other devices which accomplishltheir work by a series of repeated impacts following in rapid succession, are usually very fatiguing to the operator because of the vibration imparted to his hand and arm, when grasping the usual handle or handles of such a device to support it against the work, which vibration is usually very discomforting to the operator, and may result in injurious effects upon the operator.
Numerous attempts have heretofore been made in an endeavor to provide a cushion grip for air hammers and the like, which would absorb vibration and prevent its transmission from the handle of the air hammer or other such deviceto the operators hand or arm, but to the best of my knowledge none have proven entirely satisfactory.
The novel cushion grip herein disclosed is the result of considerable experimental and research work in an attempt to provide such a device which is extremely simple and inexpensive, and which adequately serves the purpose for which it is intended, namely, to substantially completely absorb all vibration transmitted to the handles of such tools as air hammers, rock drills, and the like, comprising a member adapted to impart a series of hammer-like blows or impacts to the work, in rapid succession, whereby avery definite vibration is imparted to the tool body and its operating handle. When the cushion grip herein disclosed is applied to the operating handle of such a tool, an operator may manipulate the'tool for long periods without discomfort and without becoming unduly fatigued, whereby the usefulness of such a tool is materially enhanced.
An object of the present invention, therefore, is to provide a simple and inexpensive cushion grip of the class described, comprising an inner cushion or vibration-absorbing member adapted to directly engage the conventional handle of the air hammer or rock drill with which the grip is to be used, and having an outer resilient member fitting over the inner member whose lower marginal wall portions are suitably secured to the walls of the inner member in such a manner that a substantial air gap is provided between the upper wall portions of the two members, whereby the upper portions of the inner member is free to flex relative to the outer member to thereby absorb vibration and shocks which otherwise would be transmitted to the operators hand and arm.
A further object is to provide a device of the class described, comprising an outer resilient member of U-shaped cross-section, having a cushion member fitted thereinto with at least portions of its walls secured to the walls of the outer member, said inner member being shaped to directly engage the handle of an air hammer, rock drill, or the like, and being firmly h'eld thereagainst by the inherent tension in the legs of the outer member, whereby the inner member will absorb all vibration imparted to the handle of the tool and thereby prevent its transmission to the outer member which forms the grip for the operators hand.
Other objects of the invention reside in the unique construction of the cushion grip whereby it may be manufactured in quantity production at low cost, and also whereby the grip may quickly and conveniently be fitted over the usual handle of an air hammer, or. rock drill to eliminate or minimize vibration, which otherwise would be transmitted to the operators hand and arm when using the air hammer.
Other objects of the invention will appear from the following description and the accompanying drawing and will be pointed out in the annexed claims.
In the accompanying drawing there has been disclosed a structure designed to carry out the various objects of the invention, but it is to be understood that the invention is not confined to the exact features shown, as various changes may be made within the scope of the claims which follow.
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is a view showing the upper portion of an air hammer with the invention applied to the usual handle thereof;
Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view on the line 22 of Figure 1, indicating in dotted lines the relative yieldability of the inner member;
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2, but showing the grip retracted, as when removed from the handle;
Figure 4 is a perspective view of the grip shown in Figure 1;
Figure 5 is a view showing a commercial type of air hammer or drill with the invention applied to the handles thereof; and
Figure 6 is a view showing a modified construction wherein the inner vibration-absorbing member is made of sponge rubber.
The novel cushion grip herein disclosed is generally designated by the numeral 2, and is shown comprising an inner cushion or vibration-absorbing member 3 which preferably is made of a suitable elastic material such as rubber. The inner member 3 is shown in the form of an inverted U, cross-sectionally, and is adapted to be fitted directly over the usual handle 4 of a conventional air hammer, designated by the numeral 5. The handle 4 is shown provided at one end with a suitable fitting 6, to which the usual air supply hose may be connected, and in the present illustration, the opposite end of the handle is shown secured to the body 5 of the hammer by a curved portion or neck I, as is well known in the art.
An outer U-sh'aped member 8 is fitted over the inner member 3 and has its marginal wall portions suitably secured to the outer surfaces of the corresponding wall portions of the inner member 3 by suitable means, as, for example, vulcanizing, whereby the two members become, in efiect, a single unitary structure which is light in weight, and neat and attractive in appearance.
By referring to the drawing, it will be noted that the upper portions of the two members are spaced apart to provide a substantial air gap 9 therebetween. This air gap 9 is important in that it permits the upper free wall portion ll of the inner member to yield to vibration imparted to the handl 4, independently of the upper wall of the outer member 8, as indicated by the dotted lines in Figure 2, thereby to prevent vibration from being transmitted from the tool handle 4 to the outer member 8, and therefore the operators hand which is graspingly engaged with the outer member only.
Another important feature of the invention resides in the formation of the outer member which may be made from any suitable material having sufiicient resiliency or springiness to cause the grip to engage the drill handle 4 with sufiicient pressure to frictionally retain it in operative position thereon. Certain types of hard rubber or plastics have been found suitable.
The inner member is preferably made from a suitable elastic material such as rubber, and is fashioned so that substantially its entire inner surface will, as clearly shown in Figure 2, engage the handle 4, whereby it serves as a saddle to retain the grip in proper position on the handle. Because of the inherent elasticity of the inner member, and the fact that the lower portions only of the legs [2 of'the outer member are secured to the lower side portions or legs of the inner member, the major portion of the inner member is free to yield relatively to the upper portion of the outer member, as indicated by the dotted lines in Figure 2, whereby the inner member will absorb all vibration in the handle 4 and prevent its transmission to the hand of the operator through the outer member 8.
In Figure 5 I have shown the invention embodied in a heavy duty drill 13 comprising two opposed handles I4 to which a pair of cushion grips l5, similar to the ones shown in Figures 1 to 4, are detachably mounted.
In Figure 6 there is shown a cushion grip wherein the inner vibration-absorbing member i8 is constructed of some such material as sponge rubber, which, if desired, may be lined with an elastic liner ll adapted to directly engage the tool handle 15. In the form here shown, the upper wall portion l3 of the sponge rubber is of adequate thickness to completely absorb all vibration imparted to the tool handle when the tool is in operation. The liner ll cooperates with the sponge rubber to absorb vibration, and its ability to absorb vibration may be varied by increasing or decreasing its thickness. It is preferably constructed of a highly elastic material such as rubher.
In the drawing I have shown the invention applied to the handles of conventional air hammers. It is to be understood, however, that it may be applied to handles of other devices or mechanisms where it is deemed advisable to provide means for absorbing or preventing the transmission of vibration from a handle or member to be grasped by an operator in the operation of the tool.
As many apparently widely different embodiments of this invention may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the specific embodiments herein except as defined by the appended claims.
I claim as my invention:
1. A cushion grip comprising an outer U- shaped resilient member having spaced legs for embracing a tool handle, and an inner vibrationabsorbing member having its opposed edge portions secured to the legs of the outer member and having its intermediate wall portion spaced from the corresponding wall portion of the outer member in the direction of thrust on the grip when in use, whereby said inwardly spaced wall surface may readily flex independently of the outer member to absorb vibration in the tool handle to which the grip may be attached.
2. A cushion grip comprising an outer U- shaped resilient member having spaced legs for embracing a tool handle, and an inner elastic member having its opposed edged portions secured to the legs of the outer member and having its intermediate wall portion spaced from the corresponding wall portion of the outer member in the direction of thrust on the grip when in use, whereby said inwardly spaced wall surface may readily flex independently of the outer member to absorb vibration in the tool handle to which the grip may be attached, the inherent resiliency of the legs of the outer resilient member frictionally retaining the cushion grip in position on the tool handle.
3. A cushion grip comprising an outer resilient member having spaced legs, and an inner elastic member adapted to directly engage a tool handle subject to vibration, said inner member having its opposed marginal edge portions secured to the marginal edge portions of the legs of said outer member with its intermediate wall portion spaced from the corresponding Wall portion of the outer resilient member, whereby the inner member may flex independently of the outer member to absorb vibration in the tool handle.
4. A cushion grip comprising an outer U shaped resilient member having spaced legs, and an inner elastic U-shaped member adapted to directly engage a tool handle, said inner member having its opposed marginal edge portions secured to the legs of the outer member to provide an integral structure, the intermediate wall portion of the inner member being spaced from the corresponding wall portion of the outer member whereby the central portion of the inner member may flex independently of the outer member to absorb vibration in the tool handle.
5. A cushion grip comprising an outer resilient member of U-shape cross-section having spaced legs, and a relatively smaller inner elastic member of similar cross-section fitted into the outer member and adapted to directly engage a tool handle, said inner member having each of its opposed marginal wall portions tapering to a thin edge and secured to the legs of said outer member with its intermediate Wall portion unattached to the corresponding Wall portion of the outer resilient member, whereby the unattached wall portion of the inner member may freely flex independently of the outer member to absorb vibration in the tool handle.
6. A cushion grip comprising an outer nonelastic member of U-shape cross-section having spaced resilient legs, and an inner elastic member of similar cross-section fitted into the outer member and adapted to directly engage a tool handle subject to vibration, the marginal edges of the adjacent legs of said outer and inner members tapering inwardly towards the edges of said legs and being secured together to provide an integral structure, the major central portion of the inner member being spaced from the corresponding wall portion of the outer member, whereby the central portion of the inner member may freely flex independently of the outer member thereby to absorb vibration in the tool handle, and the inwardly tapering edges of said leg portions causing the outer surfaces of the legs of the outer member to merge into the periphery of the handle to which the grip is attached.
7. A cushion grip comprising an outer resilient member having spaced legs, and an inner elastic member adapted to directly engage a tool handle subject to vibration, said inner member having its opposed marginal edge portions secured to the marginal edge portions of the legs of said outer member with its intermediate wall portion spaced from the corresponding wall portion of the outer resilient member, and means between said members for absorbing vibration in the tool handle.
CONRAD B. JOHNSON.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 25,297 Great Britain Nov. 20, 1903 414,722 Great Britain Aug, 3, 1934
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|GB414722A *||Title not available|
|GB190325297A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2864338 *||3 May 1954||16 Dec 1958||Horst Zimmermann||Manually guided mechanical hammer|
|US2984210 *||15 Jul 1958||16 May 1961||Thor Power Tool Co||Shock-absorbing handle structure for pneumatic tools|
|US3365227 *||3 Jan 1967||23 Jan 1968||Salm Harley Corp||Portable article of manufacture|
|US4262385 *||2 Jan 1979||21 Apr 1981||Bill Norman||Weight-cushioning device for handles and method of constructing same|
|US4366596 *||22 Oct 1980||4 Jan 1983||Lincoln Manufacturing Company, Inc.||Removable covers for closed loop utensil handles|
|US4388743 *||22 Oct 1980||21 Jun 1983||Lincoln Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Lid handle cover|
|US4466309 *||5 Apr 1982||21 Aug 1984||Maddak, Inc.||Adjustably positioned handgrip for ambulatory aids|
|US4524504 *||13 Sep 1983||25 Jun 1985||Hemmerle Clayton J||Method of replacing worn and/or damaged surfaces|
|US4648468 *||26 Jun 1985||10 Mar 1987||Honsa Technologies||Portable powered tool with vibration damping|
|US4955914 *||11 Dec 1989||11 Sep 1990||Caniglia Leslie A||Teething rail for shopping cart|
|US4964192 *||24 Apr 1989||23 Oct 1990||Marui, Ltd.||Multiple radius grip|
|US5353474 *||23 Aug 1993||11 Oct 1994||Good Wayne T||Transferrable personalized grip for a handle assembly and method for making same|
|US5722117 *||10 Feb 1995||3 Mar 1998||Nielsen; H. Kristian||Spring-like split tubular device having overlapping longitudinal edges|
|US5727599 *||16 Jan 1996||17 Mar 1998||Ford Motor Company||Insulating sleeve for a fluid pipe|
|US5775756 *||3 Apr 1996||7 Jul 1998||Rozenich; Robert||Secure gripping system|
|US5846629 *||31 May 1996||8 Dec 1998||Lord Corporation||Cushioning handle wrap for isolating vibration|
|US5862970 *||16 Apr 1997||26 Jan 1999||Cougar; Daniel Duane||Power tool and replaceable anti-slip pad for power tool|
|US6076616 *||10 Nov 1997||20 Jun 2000||Wacker-Werke Gmbh & Co. Kg||Working tool which can be guided in a grab handle|
|US6096254 *||3 Mar 1998||1 Aug 2000||Nielsen; H. Kristian||Method of injection molding a spring-like split tubular device having overlapping longitudinal edges|
|US6161256 *||3 Nov 1999||19 Dec 2000||Quiring; Herbert J.||Drill handle cover|
|US6418951 *||18 Nov 1999||16 Jul 2002||Karl J. Douglass||Hand grip and ball glide for a walker|
|US6446309 *||11 Sep 2000||10 Sep 2002||Deweese Frank M.||Caulk gun handle cushion system|
|US6491067 *||7 Oct 1999||10 Dec 2002||Federal-Mogul Technology Limited||Flexible protective sleeve|
|US6684733 *||11 May 2001||3 Feb 2004||B & I Fender Trims, Inc.||Steering wheel accent strip|
|US6799643 *||12 Dec 2002||5 Oct 2004||Hilti Aktiengesellschaft||Percussion electrical hand-held tool|
|US6986369||12 Nov 2002||17 Jan 2006||Porter-Cable Corporation||Router height adjustment apparatus|
|US7028581||5 Oct 2002||18 Apr 2006||Williams Thomas D||Ergonomic handgrip with separate ulnar and radial support means|
|US7089979||30 Apr 2004||15 Aug 2006||Black & Decker Inc.||Ergonomic router|
|US7108464||12 May 2005||19 Sep 2006||Black & Decker Inc.||Switch assembly|
|US7275900||26 Jul 2004||2 Oct 2007||Black & Decker Inc.||Router elevating mechanism|
|US7316528||18 Dec 2003||8 Jan 2008||Black & Decker Inc.||Ergonomic router assembly|
|US7334613||7 Mar 2003||26 Feb 2008||Black & Decker Inc.||Router base securing mechanism|
|US7334614||22 Apr 2004||26 Feb 2008||Black & Decker Inc.||Depth adjustment mechanism|
|US7402008||21 Aug 2007||22 Jul 2008||Black & Decker Inc.||Router elevating mechanism|
|US7451791||8 Dec 2003||18 Nov 2008||Black & Decker Inc.||Handle assembly|
|US7490642||2 Aug 2005||17 Feb 2009||Black & Decker Inc.||Router height adjustment apparatus|
|US7654294||25 Sep 2008||2 Feb 2010||Black & Decker Inc.||Handle assembly|
|US7686046||17 Dec 2007||30 Mar 2010||Black & Decker Inc.||Router base securing mechanism|
|US7703547 *||21 Sep 2007||27 Apr 2010||EMBRAER—Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A.||Hand-held impact tools having anti-vibration protection|
|US8931197||14 Feb 2014||13 Jan 2015||Rock River Arms, Inc.||Handguard for firearm|
|US8959820 *||9 Jul 2013||24 Feb 2015||Rock River Arms, Inc.||Handguard for firearm|
|US9341438||9 Jan 2015||17 May 2016||Rock River Arms, Inc.||Handguard for firearm|
|US9486236 *||21 Mar 2012||8 Nov 2016||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc||Ergonomic surgical instruments|
|US9545142 *||17 Apr 2015||17 Jan 2017||Eddie Bauer LLC||Handle for carrying bag|
|US9623237||28 Sep 2015||18 Apr 2017||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc||Surgical generator for ultrasonic and electrosurgical devices|
|US9700339||20 May 2009||11 Jul 2017||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Coupling arrangements and methods for attaching tools to ultrasonic surgical instruments|
|US9713507||4 Jan 2016||25 Jul 2017||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc||Closed feedback control for electrosurgical device|
|US9724118||15 Mar 2013||8 Aug 2017||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc||Techniques for cutting and coagulating tissue for ultrasonic surgical instruments|
|US9737326||23 Oct 2015||22 Aug 2017||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc||Haptic feedback devices for surgical robot|
|US9743947||9 Dec 2015||29 Aug 2017||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc||End effector with a clamp arm assembly and blade|
|US9764164||20 Dec 2013||19 Sep 2017||Ethicon Llc||Ultrasonic surgical instruments|
|US9795405||18 Feb 2015||24 Oct 2017||Ethicon Llc||Surgical instrument|
|US9795808||13 Mar 2015||24 Oct 2017||Ethicon Llc||Devices and techniques for cutting and coagulating tissue|
|US20030116333 *||12 Dec 2002||26 Jun 2003||Orestis Voulkidis||Percussion electrical hand-held tool|
|US20030159250 *||4 Jun 2001||28 Aug 2003||Ruana Bruce M.||Releasably attachable grip|
|US20030172498 *||15 Mar 2002||18 Sep 2003||Polzin Bruce C.||Apparatus to cushion and dampen vibration and method|
|US20040064868 *||5 Oct 2002||8 Apr 2004||Williams Thomas D.||Ergonomic handgrip with separate ulnar and radial support means|
|US20040107543 *||18 Jul 2003||10 Jun 2004||Ruana Bruce M.||Releasably attachable grip|
|US20040154133 *||4 Feb 2004||12 Aug 2004||Trostel Specialty Elastomers Group, Inc.||Separable apparatus to cushion and dampen vibration and method|
|US20060075605 *||29 Oct 2002||13 Apr 2006||Mike Lagaly||Adjustable grasping assembly for tools|
|US20060086417 *||7 Mar 2003||27 Apr 2006||Griffin Greg K||Router base securing mechanism|
|US20060102248 *||22 Apr 2004||18 May 2006||Cooper Randy G||Depth adjustment mechanism|
|US20060102249 *||30 Apr 2004||18 May 2006||Cooper Randy G||Router with drive shaft lock mechanism|
|US20060143866 *||14 Jan 2005||6 Jul 2006||Mike Lagaly||Adjustable grasping assembly for tools|
|US20060147286 *||12 May 2005||6 Jul 2006||Porter-Cable Corporation||Switch assembly|
|US20060191597 *||27 Apr 2006||31 Aug 2006||Black & Decker Inc.||Handle assembly|
|US20070000089 *||25 Apr 2006||4 Jan 2007||Morales Nisa D||Reusable handle apparatus|
|US20070289761 *||13 Jun 2007||20 Dec 2007||A & M Electric Tools Gmbh||Auxiliary Handle for a Hand-Held Power Tool|
|US20080040891 *||14 Aug 2007||21 Feb 2008||Tim Tyler||Exercise equipment handle grips|
|US20080066939 *||21 Sep 2007||20 Mar 2008||Manacorda Thiago P||Kits and methods to provide anti-vibration protection to hand-held impact tools|
|US20080156396 *||8 Dec 2003||3 Jul 2008||Cooper Randy G||Handle assembly|
|US20090056844 *||28 Aug 2008||5 Mar 2009||Andreas Schanz||Protective auxiliary fuel pump handle for pumping gasoline|
|US20100206123 *||13 Feb 2009||19 Aug 2010||Daniel Dacko||Bicycle accessory with non-closing mounts|
|US20120184946 *||21 Mar 2012||19 Jul 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Ergonomic surgical instruments|
|US20120208683 *||5 Mar 2012||16 Aug 2012||James Hartman||Exercise Grip Device|
|US20140013642 *||9 Jul 2013||16 Jan 2014||Rock River Arms, Inc.||Handguard for firearm|
|US20150096236 *||8 Oct 2013||9 Apr 2015||Elias IBRAHIM||Door opener|
|US20150296949 *||17 Apr 2015||22 Oct 2015||Eddie Bauer LLC||Handle for carrying bag|
|USD770877||17 Apr 2014||8 Nov 2016||Eddie Bauer LLC||Luggage handle|
|USRE37279 *||16 Mar 2000||17 Jul 2001||Visteon Global Technologies, Inc.||Insulating sleeve for a fluid pipe|
|EP1510298A1 *||27 Aug 2004||2 Mar 2005||Makita Corporation||Reciprocating power tool|
|WO2005082581A1 *||27 May 2004||9 Sep 2005||Trostel Specialty Elastomers Group, Inc.||Separable apparatus to cushion and dampen vibration and method|
|WO2015161190A1 *||17 Apr 2015||22 Oct 2015||Eddie Bauer LLC||Handle for carrying bag|
|U.S. Classification||16/431, 16/422, 29/450, 227/156, 294/137, 294/171, 74/551.9, 173/162.1, 29/453|
|International Classification||E21C37/24, B25D17/00, B25D17/04, E21C37/00|