US 1711294 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
April 30, 1929. e. WEITZNER 1,711,294
OBSTETRIC DEVICE Filed April 16, 1928 x; INVENTOR ATTORNEY Fatented Apr. 3t), 1929.
UNITED STATES v 1,711,294 PAVTENT'YOFFICE.
'e-naa wnrrznnnor NEW Yon-K, 1v. Y.
npplication filed April 16,
aseptically close the rectal opening, so as to,
prevent infection of the vagina from the intestinal contents.
Another object ofthe invention is to .vide a device of the type mentioned which prevents overextension, and lacerations of the perineum during labor.
A further object of the invention is to produce a device of the type statedwhich prevents prolapsus of the rectum and anus during labor, and thus the development of hemorrheidal nodes.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a device of the type mentioned which is simple in construction, efficient in operation and capable of manufacture on a commercial scale, or in other words one which is not so difficult to make as to be beyond the reasonable cost of such. a contrivance.
lVith these and other objects in View, which will more fully appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, the same consists in the combination, arrangement and construction of parts hereinafter described, pointed out in the appended claim and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, it being understood that many changes may be made in the and proportion of the several parts and details of construction within the scope of the appended claims, without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
One of the many possible embodiments of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of the invention in operative position on the body of a human being; Fig. 2 is a plan view of the improved device; and Fig. 3 is a section taken on line 88 of Fig. 2 after the device has been removed from its protective covering. i
The device comprises a sheet 10 of'iiexible material, such as rubber or some suitable fabric that is treated so as to be impermec ble to liquids; This sheet is provided upon one of its faces with an adhesive film 11, by means of which it may be secured to and fixed in position on the skin of a living body around the cavity which is to be sealed. 1 The sheet is 1928. Serial No. 270,358;
provided with an opening.12,.said'opening being reinforced by a ring 13 of a suitable semi-rigid material, attached to said. sheet.
This rii'ig may be made ofa special rubber or other material, or it maybe made of ordinary rubber but ofa dimension so as to make it semi-rigid. With the ring is made integral, cr there may be-secured thereto in any suitable manner, a thin and elastic. pouch or bag 14, which is also, preferahly, made of rubber. Of course, if the reinforcing means is made of a material other than rubber, the pouch or bag must be attachedthereto. In either case the ring 18 is disposed around the mouth portion of the'pouch or bag. 1
,VVhen the elements are united in the manner 7 above described, the adhesive film'll on the sheet 10 n protected by a covering 15, preferably a fabric sheet. This covering need not be provided with an opening to correspond with the opening 12 in the sheet.
After the device has been made up as above outlined, it is sterilized and placed into a suitable container, ready for use.
. During parturition and particularly durmg the time of expulsion and placental stages of the labor, it is advisable to close the rectal opening of the patient so as to prevent feces and gases, that is to say the intestinal contents, from causing infection of the vagina.
The device, forming the subject matter of the present application for Letters Patent, is applied as follows: After the skin surroundingthe rectal opening has been depilated,
cleansed and dried, the covering 15 is re-' moved from the contrivance and the flexible pouch or bag 14-, after having been brought into the position shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings, exteriorly pmvided. with some suitable lubricant and introduced into the rectum, preferably, by means of the finger of theoporator. circles the rectal opening. The operator thereupon shapes the sheet 10, by means of a scissor or like instrument, to conformto that of the elements of the body around the rectal opening, and then presses the sheet against the body, whereby it will adhere to the latter. The sheet must be cut down to a size so that oneof its edges will extend to but not overlap the vagina of the patient.
The reinforcing ring 13 then en-" intestinal contents thus cannot cause any infection of the patient. It is to be noted that the ring 13, which is disposed around the rectum, as above stated, serves as a pessary, preventing prolapsus of the rectum and anus. That portion of the sheet 10, Which covers the perineum of the patient, prevents overextension and laceration of the perineum during labor.
The device herein described serves, as appears from above, a three-fold purpose, that is to say it closes the rectal opening and there by prevents infection from the intestinal contents; it constitutes a pessary for the rectal opening, and it serves as a protecting medium for the perineum.
It is obvious that, While the invention herein disclosed has been described serving as an obstetrical appliance, it may be used generally when operations are to be performed on the genital organs of Women.
Attention is called to the fact that, While the pouch or bag has been described as being inserted into the rectum of the patient, this need not be done, the said pouch or bag still serving as a recipient of the intestinal contents expelled during labor. that, While the invention has been described as being applied to a human body, it may be made use of by veterinarians also, in treating diseases of animals surgically.
After use, the device is removed, with its contents, from the body and discarded.
lVhat I claim is A device of the character described comprising a sheet of flexible material provided upon one of its faces With an adhesive and having an opening therethrough, a reinforcing ring applied to that face of said sheet which is adhesiveless, said ring being disoosed around said 0 enin and a thin flexible bag extending through said opening to one side of said sheet, said ring been disposed around the mouth port-ion of said. bag, said device-being adapted to be applied to a living body With said ring around the rectal opening and part of said sheet covering the perineum.
Signed at New York, in the county of New York, State of New York, this 20th day of vlliLI'Cll, A. D., 1928. I
It is obvious