US 1354641 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. F. ZIETLOW. COMBINED Mmmm AND vAPomzER.
Patented Got. 5, 1920.,
APPLICATION FILED OCI'. 30, I9I9. 1,354,641.
PAUL F. ZIETLOW, OF BROOKLYN,'NEW YORK.
COMBINED ATQMIZER AND VAPORIZER.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Oct. 5, 1920.
Application led'Gctober 30, 1919. Serial No. 334,397.
1o all 1.0 hom t may concern Be it known that PAUL F. ZnrrLow,
a citizen of the United States, residing at Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented cert-ain new and useful Improvements in Combined Atomizers and Vaporizers, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relatesV to a combined atomizer and vaporizer, and an object is to provide a device of this kind which is very simple in construction, andV capable of being manufactured at relatively low cost and sold at. a reasonable profit.
Heretofore, atomizers have been equipped with adjustable tubes, not adjustable to form a pronounced chamber beyond the atomizer nozzle whereby the atomizer may be converted into a vaporizer, but movable simply to provide an adjustable plug or nozzle.
The present invention aims to provide an elongated tube so adjustable on the spray nozzle of the atomizer as to provide a very pronounced elongated chamber, beyond the nozzle of the atomizer, so as to break up the liquid spray into a vapor before it leaves the outer end of the movable tube, thereby converting an atomizer into a vaporizer and vice versa.
Another object of the invention is to provide a vagorizer construction which can be applied to any form of atomizer regardless of the material of which the atomizer is constructed.. y
Another object of the invention is to provide a vaporizing tube, adjustable on the atomizing nozzle and which may be constructed of hard rubber,imetal or any Vother material, and may be made cylindrical, rectangular in cross section, or irregular in length, or any other shape, and also may be any suitable diameter as long as it is long enough to telescope over the atomizing tube on the nozzle, whereby a very pronounced vaporizing chamber beyond the atomizing nozzle can be formed.
A further object of the invention is the provision or" a vaporizing tube having a conical nasal-engaging end, and furthermore to provide a construction ot vaporizer and atomizer whereby the parts may be easily disassembled for cleaning readily.
A further object of the invention is to provide a vaporizing tube which may be fastened in any suitable manner upon the atomizing tube, in combination with means for limiting the vaporizing tube in its movement on the atomizing tube.
lVhile the design and construction at present illustrated and set forth, is deemed preferable, it is obvious that as a result of reduction of the invention to a more practical form for commercial purposes, the invention may be susceptible to changes, and the right to these changes is claimed, provided they are comprehended within the scope or what is claimed.
The invention comprises further features andl combination of parts, as will be hereinafter set forth, shown in the drawings and claimed.
outwardly on the atomizing tube in order to provide pronounced chamber beyond the nozzle ot the atomizing tube.
Referring more especially to the drawings, l designates a receptacle adapted to contain a suitable liquid to be atomized or vaporized, and 2 denotes the body of the atomizing tube, which is threaded or other- -wise secured to the receptacle. The atomizing tube has an extension 3, which extends down into the receptacle, upwardly through which themedicinal fluid or liquid is forced so as to discharge in a spray form from the nozzle end of the atomizing tube. The usual pneumatic bulb fl is attached, as indicated, to the body of the atomizing tube, so as to force air, in the usual manner, into the receptacle so as to torce the liquid upwardly through the extension of the atomizin'tube.
The atomizing tube may be positioned horizontally, though not necessarily, for it is obvious that it may be disposed in any other suitable position. The atomizing tube 5 is provided with a limiting abutment shoulder 6, near its rear portion. The end of the atomizing tube 5 has a threaded eX- tension 7, which has an additional extension 8. An atomizing nozzle 9 is threaded on the extension 7, so that the extension 8 will be in close position to the orifice 10 of the nozzle, whereby as the liquid reaches the eX.- tension 8, it will pass throughthe orifice in the Yform of a spray, which maybe utilized for atomizing the nasal passages. The
' atomizing tube adjacent the threaded eX- nasal passages.
tension has an annular groove 11.
A tube 12 tellescopically fits the atomizing tube until it contacts with the shoulder. The interior surface of the tube 12 has an annular shoulder 13. It will be noted that the end 14 of the nozzle of the atomizer is of a diameter to fit the tube 12, whereby the tube 12 may move inwardly and outwardly. However, the end 141 ofsaid nozzle of the atomizer tube is large enoughV in diameter so as to be engaged by the shoulder 13 of the interior of the tube 12, thereby constituting means to limit the tube 12 in its outward movement. A nasal-engaging nozzle 15 is threaded upon the outer end of the tube 12 so as to constitute means to ft the nasal passage'and to direct the spray or vapor into the nasal passages. i
Here'tofore atomizing tubes haveY been equipped with adjustable tubes, but these tubes simply constitute nasal' plugs, and not tubes to form vaporizing chambers. In the present case, the tube 12 (which constitutes a vaporizing tube) may be moved outwardly on the atomizing tube until the 'interior shoulder 18 contacts with the atomizing'nozzle, thereby limiting the tube 12 in its outward movement. When the tube 12 is limited in such a position, it will be noted that a pronounced, elongated, cylindrical chamber is formed beyond the nozzle of the atomizing tube. In order to vaporize a 'medicinal liquid it is first necessary to provide a construction whereby anatomizing spray can be produced, after whichrit is' necessary to discharge theispray into a very pronounced chamber at apoint'beyond the nozzle from which Ythe spray leaves, so that vthe liquid spray can readily break up into a vapor, which may discharge into thel nasal passages.l Therefore, it may be seen that when the tube 12 is adjusted outwardly on the atomizing tube until it is limitedV by the shoulder 12, a very pronounced chamber is formed beyond the nozzle of the4 atomizer, hence the spray when it leaves the nozzle of the atomizer will breakup and provide a vapor that cany readily discharge intodthe When the tube 12 isy adjusted outwardly 0n the atomizing tube, a
Vcertain amount of air is drawn through the 60 i vthe point where the annular groove is formed on the atomizing'tube, and this air rearportion of the vaporizing tube 12 at acts materially in causing a proper vaporization of the spray. When the vaporizing tube is in contact with the shoulder at 'atomizing tube whereby it may be moved outwardly on the atomizing tube so as to provide a pronounced elongated chamber beyond the atomizing tube` in which the spray from the nozzle may break up in a vapor, and means at each end of the atomizing tube for limiting thervaporizing tube in its outward and inward movements on the atomizing tube.
2; In a combined atomizing and vaporizing device, the combination with an atomizing tube having a spray nozzle, of a vaporizing tube adjustable telescopically upon the atomizing tube whereby it may be moved outwardly on the atomizing tube so as to provide a pronounced elongated chamber beyond the atomizing tube, in which the spray from the nozzle may break up in a vapor, meansl at each end ofthe atomizing tube for limiting the vaporizing tube in its outward and inward movements on the atomizing tube, and means to permit an eXtra supply of fresh air to be drawn into the rear end of the vaporizing tube when it is in its outward adjusted position. i 3. In a combined atomizing and vaporizing device, a tube relatively straight for the greater part of its length having a fixed shoulder at one end and an atomizing spray nozzle detachablyxed' to the discharge end of the tube, a vaporizing tube having it-s inner diameter for the greater part of the length of the tube slightly greater than the diameter of the spray nozzle, whereby the vaporizing tube may n telescope over the nozzle, the inner diameter of the other end of said vaporizing tube being slightly less than the diameter of the nozzle so as to tele scope over the relatively straight portion of the atomizing tube and being capable of a limited movement between the spray nozzle and the fixed shoulder, whereby the vaporizing tube may be moved so that its outer' end may be flush with the nozzle to provide an atomizer, or may be moved so that its outer end may position considerably beyond the nozzle, thereby providing a chamber in advance of the nozzle, and wherein the spray from the nozzle vaporizes.
a. In a combined atomizing and vaporizing device, a relatively straight atomizing tube having a fixed shoulder at one end, and a removable spray nozzle at the other end` one end of the nozzle being greater in diameter than the diameter of said tube, and
thereby causing a shoulder' to be formed, a tube of a length substantially equaling the length of the first tube from the iiXed shoulder to the end of the nozzle, said second tube having a portion thereof a little less than one half the length of the first tube between the i'iXed shoulder and the nozzle shoulder of a diameter to telescopically engage said first tube between the two shoulders to have limited movement, the second tube for more than half its length having an inner diameter greater than the nozzle so as to telescope thereover and cause to be formed a chamber beyond the discharge end of the nozzle, and in which the atomized fluid vaporizes as it is discharged.
5. A combined atomizing and vaporizing device comprising inner and outer telescopically united tubes, the inner tube having a spray or atomizing nozzle, the outer tube being of a length substantially equaling the length of the inner tube and adapted to telescopically overlie the nozzle whereby when 'the outer end of the outer tube is moved beyond the nozzle, a chamber is caused to be formed in advance thereof and in which the atomized luid vaporizes, the inner and outer tubes having cooperative means for limiting the outer tube in its movement.
In testimony whereof I hereunto aflix my signature.
PAUL F. ZIETLOVV.