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Publication numberUS1224431 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication date1 May 1917
Filing date6 Mar 1916
Priority date6 Mar 1916
Publication numberUS 1224431 A, US 1224431A, US-A-1224431, US1224431 A, US1224431A
InventorsJohn Van Vorst
Original AssigneeJohn Van Vorst
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Motorist's eye-shield.
US 1224431 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


`APPLICMIQN man ma. 6. 4Isis.

1,224,431?, Patented M@ 1, .1917.

70 a9 7g i Jaim @awr-$2;



Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented May 1, 1917.

Application ined umh e, 191s. scriai no. i 2,464.

To all wlwmfit may concern:

`Be it known that I, Joii'N VAN Velisti?,- a citizen of the, United States, residing at Scotia, in the vcounty of Schenectady and .State (if 4New York, hav-e invented certain new and useful .Improvements in Motorists Eye-b`liieldsg and ll doderlare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of| the invention, such as will. enable others skilledv in theart to which it appertains to` make and use the saine.

My. invention is an improved eye shield for use on automobiles to prevent the glare from the headlights of approaching vehicles from momentarily blinding the operator of' scribed and claimed, the descriptive"matter being supplemented by the accompanying di'aiijing which constitutes a part ofthis a'p plie-ation and in' which:

Figui-e 1 is a side elevation of a portion" of' an automobile showing the application of the `invention thereto;

device with the Fig. 2 .is an enlarged side elevation of the attaching vclamp partly .in a l v i l 1 'l A i l Fig. 3 is an edge View o't itlidnppe'r portion thereof;

Fig. ,4l is an enlarged verticalfsection taken ""Fig. :'i is a plan'i'iewA of the lpartially coin- "lnspecilirally destfribing the eoiistiuetioii shown iii` the drawing above Vbriefly described, similar characters will beplarml on corresponding parts throughout the 'several views, and'referenee Will be herein made to the, numeroi`is elements b their respective indices. To this end, the nuiueral'i represents a pliable tube carrying at one end a ing adapted to be swan into the operators line of "vision to shieh his eyes from the glare. of the headlights of approaching machines.

The tube l formed of asingle strip ofi metal 5, this strip being Ssliaped in cross section and vbe iig 'coiled as shown, with the curls at the ed ges of the numerous convolutions interengigirig suoli curls on the adjacent eoni'olutiuns. Certain of these curls constitute an internal shoulder (5 which. serves as a seien' thread in a manner to be hereinafter set forth.

A clamp 7 is provided for securing the plate 2 to tle tubey l, this clamp being formed of a single. strip of appropriate metal 8 having; on its ends fiat jaw plates A9 (see more pari icularly Fig. 5). The central portion of th( strip 8 is preferably in the form of a disl: l() as shown, ythis formation being attaineiliby suitably notching the edges of said strip. lYitii the exception of4 the disk 10, th i strip 8 is stamped into semiltubiilar. shape, the inner portions ofV the plates 9 being`- also shaped in' this manner to reinforce sind plates. Screw threads 1l are stamped oli the strip 8 between the disk- 10 and the j ai'i plates 9 as shown. .The general outline shawn in l4`ig. 5, and the stamping operations described may all be attained at a single operation by appropriate dies, thus rendering the clamp extremely easy to manufacture. After completing the' forma'L tion deseribei the strip 8 is folded substanliall y iipo i itself to bring the jaw plates 9 iiito parallel relation and at vthesan'ie time to `forni aspl t attaching plug or shanlgl), for rand-dans the inner end of this` shank being- Jroi-ined by the disk-likeforinationlO, said end beii g of less diameter than` the outeij end of he shank.v

The'shank 12 is threaded into the upi'ier e'nd of the pliable tube 1 with its screw tlireads ll 4frictionally engaging the thread or slu'iulder't \\'i.thin 'said tube; and the eye shielding plate 2 is clamped..between4 the jaw plated), these plates being forced into binding .zouta'et with said plate-2 by "the tapered fm'n'iatioii' ,of the shank 12.

The fricliona contact' existing between the shoulder (3 anl the threads 1l is such aste tend to contra it the eoiivolutions of the strip vcoiivoli'itions i fill-contract around said shank and Iwill thus positively hold it against removal by turning in the direction mentioned. Inorder to remove the clamp should it y be desirable for an reason, it is first neces- -sary tov expand the convolutions at the upv per end of the tube 1,v and for'this purpose one edge of the 'plates 9 at the juncture of this. edge with ,the shank is so shaped las to-cause it vto 'serve 'as al tubel expanding cam 13. This is accomplished bydlsposing said edge at a very obtuse angle to the shank, whereby if the clamp be turned further in the direction .in which. it must be moved to apply it to the tube 1, thefeam 13 15 will be drawn intoI the upper end of said tube. The result of thisisthat the convoluvtions .at this `end of .the tube will be expandedf-and will thus disengage the shoulder 6 from the, screw threads 11. {Simultagomeously' with" this releasing, the shank 12 will move''outwardly a distance approximately equalito the width of one ofthe threads 11. When the plug is in this position, due toits tapered formation,l there will be no noticeable amount of friction existing between it argd the tube, and consequently it may be rotated in :the reverse direction and removed. The upperend of; the tubel is.. ,preferably disposed obliquely as shown at 1* in order that the cam-13 may operate more quicklyv thanjwould otherwise be possible.

" The clamp. 3 above referred, to is prefer'd ably Vin lthel form of a split collar having overlapped. ends, the innermost of these endshaving a' threaded. opening 'p14 w-hile the outer end is tformed with a circumferentially spaced 1 series ofl vunthreaded openings-15..`

, In applying the devic, the `collar is ex- -panded and passed-around the steering. post 4, after which a screw 16 is passed through the appropriateopening 15 and threaded through the opening '14?A into' Contact with said post. This type of clamp will be very K eliicient regardless of its extreme sim- -plicity.

.By constructing the entire device` in the manner above fidescribed it may be easily and inexpensily manufactured and marketed and vwhen appliedto use:l will be .'a

very easily `lipcratedgand effective article.

'.D'e tothe structure .of the Atube 1, it is plif able in' all directions and 'may thus be .quickly andeasily moved. to position the f plate2 in the drivers line of vision. This 5 5v may be accomplished without moving either l hand-'to a olnt remote from the steering wheel as be 'obvious from aninspection 'ofjFig. 1. y I'claimrff 1. An eye` shield o f the class described 'comprising a pliable' tube formed of o ooiled -strip of -.'met al and ha an internal shoulder followingxthe convo ations of said oled 'stri a tapered'plug received inone and of-fni tube and-having external screw' the screw threads, and a partly transparent curing said `plate to thetube, saidjclamp Athreads engaging eaidshoulder,

-ledge ripped between said jaws;

2. eye lShield of .the 'dass described 4comprising a pliable tube formed of a coiled stri of metal and having an internal shoul er following the convolutionsf` of 75 said strip, ai plug m one end' of said tube having 'external screw threads frictionally contacting with said shoulder, 4such friction' serv-mg to contract the convolutions of the coilA w en4 anattempt is made to re-. 80v move the plugby turning the samein a retrograde direction, thereby holding said plug against rotation in this direction, 'and' al partly transparent plate. carried by the p ug. f 's Ani eye shield yof the' class described comprising a pliable tube formed ofv a coiled str1 of metal and having an internal shoulrer following the convolutionsof y said strip, a plugin one end of said tube .90 having external screwthreads frictionally". contacting with said'shoulder,'such friction' servin to contract the convolutions ofthe coil w 'en an attempt is made'to remove the plug "by turning the same in a retrograde 'i direction, thereby holdingsaid plug against rotation vin this direction, a cam -for ex-l `pil'nding theconvolutions-of thetube whenl '.the plu is turned in the opposite direction,

thus re easing the shoulder. from engage- 100 said strip, a plug- 'in one end of said tube l 'having external screw. threads .frictionally contacting with said shoulder, s'uch friction serving to contract the convolutions of 110,V the coilwhen an .attem t is made` to remove the plug by turning t e` same in aretrogradedirection, thereby holding said plug against rotation in this direction, a .cam-

carried by the plug forexpandin thecon- 1 1v volutions of the tube when sai plug'v is turned in the opposite-v direction, thus -rej-j` leasing the shoulder .from engagement with plate carried by said plug.

5.An eyeshield of the clam described comprising a tube having an internal screw thread at one end, a partially transparent` eye shielding plate, and a clamp. for. se-

comprising a pair o f :stamped metal semitubular members having external screw' threads stanmed thereonfend rvingl form a ,tapered `attach' sbonk -whic 1s thnn'deii in said of mi, the anni 13 `ende of the aforald members-having lthereon flat jaw plates between which: the aforesaid' eye shieldin plate isn gripped.

6. A'n eye shie d of the class described comprising a` tube having van internal screw thread at one end, a partl'yztransparent eye shielding plate, and aolampor securing the plate and tube together, said clamp being formed of a single strip of metal having at its ends fiat jaw plates, the strip and part of said plates being stamped into semitubular shape, and the strip having screw threads stamped thereon, said strip being then bent substantially upon itself to"dis pose the jaw plates in parallel relation and at the same time to provide a split tapering attaching shank for said plates, said shank being threaded into the tube and said eye' shielding plate being clampedA between said jaw plates. i

7. AV clamp for securing e'ye shields to clam being formed of a single strip of meta bent into the form of ay collar with overlappid ends, the inner end having a `threaded opening While `the outer end is ,formed with a series of eiremnferentially spaced openings, said collar being adapted to be passed around the aforewid steering post, am, a olan'ipng screw foi-passage through any one of, the Series of openings and to ne then threaded through said threaded opening and into contact with said steer Lng post.

In. testimony whereof I have hereunto set my h`: nd in presence Vof two subscribing witnesses.

l JOHN'VAN VORST. Witneswes:

Le Gamm M. TURNER. `OL .vm House.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2618824 *11 Oct 194725 Nov 1952Illinois Tool WorksMolding fastener
US3459233 *12 Apr 19675 Aug 1969Anaconda American Brass CoJacketed strip-wound metal hose
US5033528 *11 Jan 199023 Jul 1991Yanon VolcaniPersonal portable sunshade
US5489075 *18 Jul 19946 Feb 1996Ible; Robert L.Baby bottle holder and feeder
US5564771 *15 Nov 199515 Oct 1996Chesters; Thomas P.Light Visor
US6523292 *14 Dec 200025 Feb 2003Brenda L. SlavikClip card
US6799356 *31 Jan 20035 Oct 2004Javier SanchezScrew/insert saver
US20040151554 *31 Jan 20035 Aug 2004Javier SanchezScrew/insert saver
US20040217621 *29 Apr 20034 Nov 2004Mccoy Thomas PaulSun visor with flexible arm
US20110062741 *30 Dec 200917 Mar 2011Ilo Kristo XhungaPalm-like Sun Visor
US20120091307 *14 Feb 201119 Apr 2012Debra HaynesStand and method for hands free reading and viewing
U.S. Classification248/274.1, 411/436, 296/97.7, 248/160, 359/601, 248/230.1, 138/135, 248/229.1
Cooperative ClassificationF16M11/04