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Publication numberEP0941834 A1
Publication typeApplication
Application numberEP19980104093
Publication date15 Sep 1999
Filing date9 Mar 1998
Priority date9 Mar 1998
Publication number1998104093, 98104093, 98104093.4, EP 0941834 A1, EP 0941834A1, EP-A1-0941834, EP0941834 A1, EP0941834A1, EP19980104093, EP98104093
InventorsGaudio Gennaro Del, Renato Guarino, Giulio Picone
ApplicantBattaglia Bergomi, Claudia
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: Espacenet, EP Register
adjustment device of the stroke pressure in a conversion press
EP 0941834 A1
Abstract
In a press for converting shells into easy-open covers for food cans, constituted by a bed (26), supporting a lower die shoe (5), four uprights (4) provided with longitudinal guides (21) and a crown (1), supported by the uprights (4) and provided with motion members (30) of a ram (3) supporting an upper die shoe (6) alternatively brought in operative contact with the lower die shoe (5), said crown (1) and bed (26) being constrained through connecting rods (9), an adjustment device (40) of the press stroke pressure comprises a bolster (10), constituted by an upper plate (10a) and a lower one (10b), mutually connected through guides (11); spacer members (70), put between the lower plate (10b) and the upper plate (10a), and fit to vary their mutual distance; sensor members (7), joined to the uprights (4) and fit to detect longitudinal dimensional variations of these latter; control and command means (50) fit to elaborate the signals from the sensor members (7) and consequently to activate the spacer means (70) in such a way to contrast and compensate the dimensional variations of the uprights (4) allowing a mutual stroke pressure dynamic regulation of the press (100).
Images(5)
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Claims(10)
  1. Control device for the stroke of a conversion press of semi-raw shells into easy-open covers for drink or general food cans, with said press (100) comprising:
    a bed (26), supporting at least a lower die shoe (5) and at least two uprights (4), not interacting with said lower die shoe (5), and provided with longitudinal guides (21);
    a crown (1), supported by said uprights (4) and provided with motion members (60) of a ram (3), slidingly driven by said longitudinal guides (21) and supporting at least an upper die shoe (6) alternatively brought into operative contact with said lower die shoe (5); said crown (1) and bed (26) being constrained by means of connecting rods (9) locked at the ends;
    said device being characterized in that comprises:
    at least a bolster (10), including an upper plate (10a) and a lower plate (10b), mutually connected by means of at least a guide (11);
    spacer members (70), put between said lower plate (10b) and said upper plate (10a), and fit to vary their mutual distance;
    sensor members (7), joined to said uprights (4), fit to detect longitudinal dimensional variations of these latter;
    control and command means (50) fit to elaborate the signals of said sensor members (7) and consequently to operate said spacer means (70) in such a way to contrast and compensate the dimensional variations of said uprights (4) allowing a mutual stroke pressure dynamic regulation of said press (100).
  2. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that comprises besides reaction members (90) put between said upper (10a) and lower (10b) plate and fit to control their mutual distance.
  3. Device according to claim 2, characterized in that said reaction members (90) include at least a couple of pistons (91) with an end locked at said upper plate (10a) and the remaining widened end is housed within a seal box (92) made in said lower plate (10b) and containing a pressure fluid opposing the increase of the distance between said upper plate (10a) and lower (10b) with the cooperation of said spacer members (70).
  4. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that said spacer means (70) include at least a movable wedge element (71) co-operating with at least a corresponding fixed wedge element (72) locked to the inside surface of at least one of said lower (10b) or upper (10a) plates, said movable wedge (71) shifting by motion means (80) controlled by said control and command means (50).
  5. Device according to claim 4, characterized in that between said movable (71) and fixed (72) wedge element is inserted a lubrication fluid in such a way to reduce the friction between them.
  6. Device according to claim 4, characterized in that said motion means (80) include a threaded nut (81), fixed to the side wall of said movable wedge element (71), in which a threaded rod (82), supported by a bracket (83) fixed to said lower plate (10b) and rotating by means of a motor member (17), is engaged.
  7. Device according to claim 6, characterized in that include two couples of movable wedge elements (71), with two movable wedges (71) of each couple mutually connected by means of said rod (82) having opposed thread in such a way that the rotation of said rod (82) causes the variation of the mutual distance between said two movable wedges (71).
  8. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that said sensor members (7) are constituted by electric elongation sensors joined to said uprights (4).
  9. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that includes besides load cells (23) placed under said bolster (10) and fit to send a signal proportional to the stroke pressure of said press (100) to said control and command means (50).
  10. Device according to anyone of the preceding claims characterized in that said control and command means (50) receive in input the signals from said sensor members (7) or said load cells (23) and send, by means of an estensimetric device (8), at least a control signal to a comparator (16) between this latter signal and a reference signal (19), fit to provide an operating signal to a motor member (17) moving said spacer members (70).
Description
  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to conversion presses.
  • [0002]
    Particularly the invention concerns an adjustment device of the stroke pressure in conversion presses for converting stock shells into easy-open covers used as closing ends for drink and food cans and the like, although it is understood that the invention is also applicable to presses for working stocks of different kinds.
  • [0003]
    Conversion presses for semi-raw shells are known, comprising fixtures designed for converting such shells in easy-open covers, by virtue of a tab application that allows the opening of the cover.
  • [0004]
    Known presses generally include a bed that supports lateral uprights on which is fastened, by means of tie rods extending through the uprights, a crown that generally supports the main drive of the press motion members.
  • [0005]
    Sliding support guides for a ram, which supports the tools of the press upper die shoe, are connected to the uprights.
  • [0006]
    These tools are fit to co-operate with correspondent tools of a lower die shoe, supported by the bed, so forming a series of work stations for the shells.
  • [0007]
    These latter are for instance placed in succession in housings of a conveyor belt that carries the shells through the press dies, moving them station by station, so allowing the progressive shell conversion into covers by means of cyclical stroke of the upper die shoe onto the lower.
  • [0008]
    The main disadvantage of known presses is that the elevated stroke rate and the elevated work effort connected to the press operating cause member elastic deformations of the presses, principally the movement deformation. Moreover there are elongation effects by thermal expansion for such members.
  • [0009]
    In fact, during the press running, a part of energy needed for member motion has an heat dissipation inevitably transmitted to the members causing a dimensional variation thereof, particularly a longitudinal elongation.
  • [0010]
    Such variations are also found during the press stop required periodically for cleaning or maintenance because of jams, such as for instance feeding the press with the tab belt.
  • [0011]
    Particularly the uprights, the crown, the ram and besides the main component of the driving members like for instance the connecting rods and the crankshaft are influenced differently by thermal effect variations: mostly these elements contribute to the distance variation between the upper and lower die shoe tools.
  • [0012]
    The above said effects can reduce the precision and the dimensional stability of the press during the whole productive cycle, and therefore must be reduced or even eliminated.
  • [0013]
    For instance, the press stroke pressure varies during the productive cycle in consequence of the working space variation between the upper and the lower die shoe tools: this fact influences the shell working, particularly on scoring depth of their output or opening inlet and therefore on the qualitative level of formed covers.
  • [0014]
    Besides the different stroke pressure supply involves an increasing of noisiness and vibrations of the press.
  • [0015]
    This problem is commonly resolved heating the connecting rods causing their elongation so balancing the upright elongation happening progressively during the press running.
  • [0016]
    Other known technique, complementary to the preceding one for resolving this drawback, is to check the press circulation oil temperature by heating or cooling it as needed.
  • [0017]
    Nevertheless, the drawback is not yet resolved since it is difficult to check the elongation of the moving members through a thermal balancing (inducing their heat decrease or increase), and therefore the stroke pressure of the upper die shoe onto the seats of the lower one is different during the press working cycle.
  • [0018]
    Besides, since the required time for inducing temperature variations are rather long, only partially is possible to compensate the drawbacks made for formed cover.
  • [0019]
    The main object of the present invention is therefore to propose a device for conversion presses fit to check and regulate the press stroke pressure compensating thermal expansion and elastic deformation effects to which the main press components are submitted during its running.
  • [0020]
    Other object of the present invention is to propose a device able to check and correct continuously the press stroke pressure with quick response times.
  • [0021]
    Further object of the present invention is to propose a device of easy realization and reliable running and maintenance.
  • [0022]
    The above mentioned objects are reached according to the claims.
  • [0023]
    The features of the present invention are underlined in the follow with reference to attach drawing tables, where:
    • figure 1 shows a frontal view of a conversion press having the device object of the present invention;
    • figure 2 shows a side view of the press in figure 1;
    • figure 3 shows a plan view of the adjustment stroke device of the press in figure 1;
    • figure 4 shows a partially sectioned side view of device in figure 3, in which some portions has been removed for better showing others;
    • figure 5 shows a block diagram relative to the driving of the device in figure 3.
  • [0024]
    With reference to figures from 1 to 4, numeral 40 refers to a stroke pressure adjustment device in a conversion press 100 of shells into easy-open covers for drink or in general food cans.
  • [0025]
    The press 100 includes a bed 26, a crown 1, and uprights 4.
  • [0026]
    The bed 26, put on the ground by means of supports 20, supports a bolster 10, on which are fixed a lower die shoe 5 and four uprights 4, not interacting with the bolster 10, placed at the bolster 10 sides and provided with longitudinal guides 21 turned toward the inside of the press 100.
  • [0027]
    The crown 1 is supported by the uprights 4 and is provided with motion members 60 of a ram 3, sliding by means of the longitudinal guides 21 and supporting an upper die shoe 6.
  • [0028]
    Lower 5 and upper 6 die shoes normally support dies or tooling destined to progressive conversion of the shells into covers provided with tear tab.
  • [0029]
    Between the two die shoes, lower 5 and upper 6, a conveyor belt of the shells slides longitudinally, that are progressively converted into formed covers by means of the cyclical stroke of the upper die on the lower one.
  • [0030]
    Inside each upright 4 is housed a connecting rod that maintains mutually constrained the crown 1 and the bed 26.
  • [0031]
    The rectangular shaped bolster 10 includes an upper plate 10a, supporting the lower die shoe 5, and a lower plate 10b, fixed to the bed 26.
  • [0032]
    The plates, upper 10a and lower 10b, are mutually connected by means of guides 11, placed near the plate edges. Each guide is essentially constituted by a cylindrical pivot, connected with the upper plate 10a by means of a spherical cage 31 and a bush 32 and with the lower plate 10b by means of an housing hole made in this latter.
  • [0033]
    Between the upper plate 10a and lower plate 10b, spacer members 70 are interposed, that include two couples of opposed movable wedge elements 71 co-operating with correspondent fixed wedge elements 72 locked to the upper plate 10b inside surface.
  • [0034]
    Such couples of movable wedge elements 71 are driven by motion means 80 that include, for each couple, a threaded rod 82 supported by a bracket 83 fixed to the lower plate 10b and rotating by operating a motor member 17.
  • [0035]
    The ends of each threaded rod 82 are engaged in correspondent threaded nuts 81, each fixed to the side wall of every movable wedge element 71.
  • [0036]
    The threaded rod 82 has opposed threads in such a way that the rotation of said rod causes the mutual distance variation between the movable wedges 41.
  • [0037]
    Between the contact surfaces of the wedge elements 71 with the lower plate 10b and the correspondent wedge elements 72 of the upper plate 10a hydrostatic sumps are carried out delimited by an hydrostatic sump boundary conduct 84.
  • [0038]
    The bolster 10 comprises moreover reaction members 90 put between the upper 10a and lower 10b plates.
  • [0039]
    Such reaction members 90 include four pistons 91, placed near the edges of plates forming the bolster 10, each having an end locked at the upper plate 10a and the other end widened and housed within a seal box 92 made in the lower plate 10b and containing a pressure fluid.
  • [0040]
    The stoke adjustment device 40 includes moreover sensor members 7 placed on the uprights 4 and fit to detect their longitudinal dimensional variations.
  • [0041]
    The sensor members 7 are constituted by electric elongation sensors joined to the uprights 4, for instance they are particular resistances called "strain gauge".
  • [0042]
    With particular reference to figure 5, the device 40 includes also control and command means 50 that receive in input the signals of the sensor members 7 and send a control signal, through an estensimetric device 8, to a comparator 16 between this last signal and a reference signal 19 pre-established in the device, fit to provide a operating signal to the motor member 17 that therefore starts the spacer members 70.
  • [0043]
    The running of the device 40 is simple because, once the press 100 is opereated, the sensor members 7 send a signal proportional to the elongation (or shrinkage) of the uprights 4 to the estensimetric device 8 that sends a control signal to a comparator 16 that compares between this last signal with a reference signal 19 pre-established in the device.
  • [0044]
    This comparator 16 sends a signal to the motor member 17 that drives the threaded rods 82 rotating them inside the threaded nuts 81 of each movable wedge 71.
  • [0045]
    The axial shifting of these nuts 81 change in turn the longitudinal position of the movable wedges 71 bound thereto. Particularly the moving away of the movable wedges 71 causes a push on the upper plate 10a, that determines its vertical shifting.
  • [0046]
    The mutual movements between the movable wedges 71 and the fixed wedges 72 and between the movable wedges 71 and the lower plate 10b are facilitated by an hydrostatic support system, obtained by means of the insertion of pressure oil inside the hydrostatic sumps.
  • [0047]
    The reaction members 90, opposing to the upper plate 10a vertical shifting, guarantee a correct positioning within the normal running limits.
  • [0048]
    Such opposition is got by means of the action made on the piston 91 heads by the pressure fluid contained in the seal box 92, that pushes down these heads, in contrast with the raising of the upper plate through the spacer means 70.
  • [0049]
    In such a way the stroke or closing pressure of the press 100 is dynamically regulated.
  • [0050]
    In a variant of the device 40 the sensor members 7 are constituted besides by load cells 23 placed under the bolster 10 and are fit to send a signal proportional to the stroke pressure of the press 100 to the control and command means 50 so as to regulate the stroke pressure, in feedback, by means of the activation of the spacer means 70.
  • [0051]
    It is besides advantageous to point out that the conveyer belt 95, returning from the working area between the upper die shoe and the lower die shoe, longitudinally slides between the couples of movable guides 71.
  • [0052]
    It is also useful to point out that the two threaded rods 82 are connected by a mechanism, for instance through a chain, and connected to the motor member 17 that can be, for instance, a step by step motor.
  • [0053]
    The main advantage of the present invention is therefore to provide a device for conversion presses fit to check and regulate the press stroke pressure compensating thermal expansion and elastic deformation effects to which the main press moving component are submitted during the press operating.
  • [0054]
    Other advantage of the present invention is to provide a device fit to check and correct continuously the press stroke pressure, varying the upper plate position, with rapid response times.
  • [0055]
    Ulterior advantage of the present invention is to provide a device of easy realization and reliable operation and maintenance.
  • [0056]
    The present invention has been described, with reference to attached drawings, only as an example, not limitative, and it is evident that all modification or variation suggested by the experience as well as its realization and use, however included within the following claims.
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
EP0459224A1 *15 May 19914 Dec 1991Siemens AktiengesellschaftOperation method of a press
EP0596697A1 *2 Nov 199311 May 1994Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki KaishaDevice and method for measuring and adjusting pressing load values on a press
EP0741001A2 *13 Apr 19966 Nov 1996Gietz AGStamping, printing and punching machine
DE2039644A1 *10 Aug 197023 Mar 1972Schuler Gmbh LVorrichtung zum Einstellen des Abstandes zwischen dem Oberwerkzeug und dem Stoessel einer Presse
US3889515 *22 Jul 197417 Jun 1975Nat Machinery CoWedging structure for presses or the like
US4918956 *30 Jan 198924 Apr 1990The Minster Machine CompanyMonitorable and compensatable feedback tool and control system for a press using a solid tool backup element
US5609099 *6 Oct 199511 Mar 1997The Minster Machine CompanyPress shutheight adjustment mechanism with hydrostatic bearing pads
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
EP1193046A1 *30 Sep 20003 Apr 2002Bruderer AgMethod for controlling the mutual angular position between the slide and the clamping table of a punch press and punch press for carrying out this method
EP1308268A1 *6 Nov 20017 May 2003Haulick & Roos GmbH, Stanz- und UmformtechnikAutomatic pressing or punching machine
Classifications
International ClassificationB30B15/00
Cooperative ClassificationB30B15/0041, B30B15/0029
European ClassificationB30B15/00D, B30B15/00D3
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